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Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.681
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1196  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0961-0006 - ISSN (Online) 1741-6477
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1118 journals]
  • Towards developing library and information science practicum supervision
           competency framework
    • Authors: Arif Khan
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this article is to discuss competencies required for practicum supervision within the field of library and information science (LIS) education. In doing so, this study attempts to propose Practicum Supervision Competencies Framework for professionals working in libraries and similar information organisations. The study aims to contribute to the body of knowledge on supervision of experiential learning programmes such as practicum and internships in the field of library and information science. Constructivist Grounded Theory approach was used for collection and analysis of data. Qualitative data was collected through semi-structured interviews with 43 participants that included library and information science professionals and students. Using constant comparative method, suggested in the Constructivist Grounded Theory literature, the components of the framework were developed and then validated and strengthened through the literature on competencies for library and information science professionals. Qualitative data analysis software NVivo 12 pro was used to support coding, category development and constant comparison methods in the data analysis process. Results of this study propose a framework for library and information science practicum supervision competencies and signify its importance for the academia and industry. The proposed framework is composed of five distinct but interrelated components, that is, Interactive, Management, Pedagogical, Professional and Technology which are important for practicum supervision in the field of LIS. The study also discusses empirical insights about the significance of research on practicum supervision within the field of library and information science as a distinct area. Practical implication of research encompasses several dimensions: methodological, theoretical, managerial and academic. For example, the framework should attempt to help better understand gaps between potential and actual competencies required by practicum supervisors in the field of library and information science. Research results may lack generalisability because of the chosen research method. However, researchers in other regions of the world are encouraged to test the proposed framework further.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-12T04:15:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621997533
  • Young children’s information-seeking practices in center-based
    • Authors: Sarah Barriage
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Many children in the USA spend a significant amount of time in center-based childcare. However, research has yet to explore their information practices in this setting. This study investigates young children’s perceptions of the concept of information and their own information-seeking practices within the context of their day care classroom. The participants included 13 children between three and five years of age. Data was collected using participant observation, semi-structured interviews, child-led photo tours, and photo-elicitation interviews. The findings indicate that the children did not perceive the concept of information in a manner consistent with adult understandings of the term, and that they engaged in information-seeking related to finding out new things on their own, through interactions with others, and through classroom resources, activities, and routines. The findings have implications for both researchers and practitioners working with young children.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-08T08:48:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620962164
  • Modeling the process of personal digital archiving through ubiquitous and
           desktop devices: A systematic review
    • Authors: Irfan Ali, Nosheen Fatima Warraich
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this study is to explore Personal Digital Archiving, and its practices, reasons, and challenges in desktop and in ubiquitous environment such as desktop computers, laptops, mobile phones or smartphones, tablets, and cloud services. Moreover, it is also aimed to develop a model of Personal Digital Archiving process for desktop and ubiquitous devices. This study used Preferred Reporting Items for the Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines for searching and devising, and inclusion and exclusion criteria. The Search was conducted from selected repositories, databases, and core journals, potentially containing studies related with Personal Digital Archiving. Consequently, 21 studies were included through identification, screening, eligibility, and inclusion of studies process. It was found that people used multiple devices such as mobile phones or smartphones along with other devices. It was established that people had also used cloud services with different devices including computers and smartphones or tablets for Personal Digital Archiving. Five major categories of individuals’ Personal Digital Archiving practices, that is, backup, replication or duplication, reorganizing and updating, cleaning or removing, and migration of information were found. Moreover, emotional motives, technological causes, alternative access, easy retrieval, and task completion were the reasons to adopt Personal Digital Archiving. On the basis of findings of selected studies, researchers developed a four steps model of Personal Digital Archiving process, consisting of initiation, identification, action, and evaluation constructs. Personal Digital Archiving challenges were also identified such as the individuals had to face through the use of desktop and ubiquitous devices including technical, fragmented and overloaded information, lack of training and expertise, and psychological and miscellaneous challenges. Personal Digital Archiving process model is based on the extracted data from studies published worldwide, and it is useful for both desktop and ubiquitous devices with reference to Personal Information Management context. The findings of the study will be helpful for software designers and android application developers to design and develop users’ centered Personal Information Management software.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-05T07:44:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621996410
  • Book review: Kathy Peiss, Information hunters
    • Authors: Charles Oppenheim
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-02T10:45:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621997020
  • Cultural sustainability: A perspective from independent libraries in the
           United Kingdom and the United States
    • Authors: Kirsten Loach, Jennifer Rowley
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      As organisations that collect and maintain cultural artefacts, independent libraries make important contributions to cultural sustainability. Surfacing and elaborating on these contributions has the potential to establish their value to wider sustainable development agendas. However, sustainability policy and research across the gallery, library, archive and museum sectors tends to focus on environmental, social and economic concerns. The small number of studies that do consider cultural sustainability tend to focus on the role of galleries, libraries, archives and museums in heritage preservation, without consideration of their role in sustaining culture through the three other key areas of preserving and promoting cultural identity, cultural diversity and cultural vitality. In addition, previous studies do not consider the role of culture in enabling sustainability at an organisational level. Complementing previous research on the relationship between museums and cultural sustainability (conducted in Australia, Cyprus and Romania), this study seeks to expand understanding of the relationship between galleries, libraries, archives and museums and cultural sustainability in the context of the independent library sectors in the United Kingdom and the United States. Semi-structured interviews conducted with professionals from independent libraries in both countries employed a card-based game method to explore the key areas of cultural sustainability in which their organisations can contribute. Interviews also explored the challenges associated with achieving organisational sustainability, together with the organisational values that impact the sustainability of independent libraries. The research identifies a series of supportive and conflicting relationships between the contributions that independent libraries make to each of the four key areas of cultural sustainability, as well as the organisational values that can inhibit or assist organisational sustainability. Resulting in a framework to assist in the management of internal organisational sustainability and contributions to external cultural sustainability agendas in independent libraries, it provides a new perspective to support understanding of the relationship between galleries, libraries, archives and museums and cultural sustainability.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-02T10:42:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621992824
  • The use and promotion of adapted books in Norwegian public libraries
    • Authors: Gerd Berget
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Public libraries offer a large selection of books. For many library users, one of the highlights of the library visit is to explore this collection in search of interesting books that will provide enriching literary experiences. For some people, however, mainstream books might not be motivating to read, for instance, due to reading impairments, language challenges or inaccessible content. Consequently, most libraries also hold a collection of ‘special books’. In Norway, one example of such a collection is the books developed by the association Books for Everyone. This article explores the organization and promotion of adapted books in Norwegian libraries and is based on two datasets. The first dataset comprises the complete production by Books for Everyone, consisting of 232 titles. These books were examined to get an overview of the material commonly found in Norwegian public libraries, with a focus on the allocation of adaptation types and target groups. This dataset showed a diverse collection of books in six different categories. The majority was in the category ‘Easy to Read’, targeted at a broad variety of user groups. The second dataset consisted of survey data from 178 libraries regarding their organization and promotion of the Books for Everyone collection. The data revealed differences in how public libraries utilize these books, due to, for instance, a lack of knowledge about adapted books and potential target groups. Moreover, for many libraries, these books were regarded as ‘special books’ and were consequently not included in exhibitions or book talks. It may be necessary to pay more attention towards adapted literature in the library community and provide more knowledge about this literature among librarians. The overall purpose of this article is to provide some advice to librarians and other practitioners on how to deal with adapted books in a public library context.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-02T10:35:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621996422
  • Use of reference management software among postgraduate students in Greece
    • Authors: Ilias Nitsos, Afrodite Malliari, Rodopi Chamouroudi
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The use of reference management software in the context of academic work and research is the main subject of this study. The study focuses on the extent to which postgraduate students at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, one of the largest Greek universities, make use of – or avoid using – reference management software tools to organize their bibliographic databases and to automate the process of creating references and citations. The study also tries to find out which are the key factors for their choices and whether certain background characteristics affect their behavior. It should be mentioned that no previous studies have been conducted in Greece regarding the use of reference management software in the academic environment. An online questionnaire was sent to the postgraduate students at the University and a result set of 545 responses was collected and analyzed. The majority (almost two-thirds) of the respondents identified themselves as non-users and one-third identified themselves as reference management software users. Among the latter, Mendeley was found to be the software used by more than two-thirds of the users and was followed by EndNote and Zotero. It is worth mentioning that Mendeley is the software officially recommended by the University’s central library to its users but most of the students (more than 60%) were not aware of this fact. In terms of background characteristics, the analysis revealed, among other things, statistically significant relationships between degree level, student discipline and preferences, reference management software features, and potential future use of reference management software.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-02T10:30:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621996413
  • Limitations to success in academic data reference support
    • Authors: Jenny McBurney, Alicia Kubas
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      As secondary data become increasingly integrated into research and coursework across a widening variety of fields and disciplines, data reference is gaining traction as a major area of library research support. To examine the current landscape of data reference, we distributed a survey via regional and international library listservs asking librarians about their experiences and opinions related to their data reference work. For this paper, the full collected dataset was limited to only academic librarians who answer at least one data reference question per month in order to identify the unique needs of respondents doing reference work in academic institutions, with the ultimate goal of improving our own work as academic librarians at our institution. We used a grounded theory approach to analyze the qualitative survey response data, and supplemented this analysis with descriptive statistics and chi-square tests for the quantitative responses. Through this analysis, we identify a theoretical framework consisting of three themes relating to limitations to success where librarians must advocate for change in order to maintain and improve high-quality data reference work in the academic sphere: (1) technology and resource limitations, such as substandard database interfaces; (2) institutional limitations, such as insufficient staff time or resources dedicated to data reference; and (3) personal limitations, such as a lack of data skills. While librarians have varying levels of influence over each of these three areas, identifying and targeting these categories can help librarians and other data professionals focus resources and build cases for additional support from their library and campus administrators.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-03-02T10:18:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621995530
  • Revisiting the High John experiment through a contemporary lens
    • Authors: Laurier L. Cress
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      In 1967, the University of Maryland’s School of Library and Information Services created a public library in Prince George’s County, Maryland, named the High John Experiment, to give Librarianship and Information Science students experience serving disadvantaged communities and to discover new methods to better serve these communities. From the creation of High John to the present day, University of Maryland publications and unaffiliated works credit High John as a groundbreaking experiment that propelled interests in diversity and inclusion in public libraries. High John’s creators published a 73 paged report for the United States’ Office of Education, accompanied by published articles, that confirms a violation of ethics toward the community High John served. The community was not involved in the implementation or planning of the library and many of the services and materials the library offered were based on prejudiced assumptions instead of community input or research. Although High John garnered supporters, the validity and ethicality behind High John’s intent and methods were called into question during the experiment. The controversy led to debates within the field that resulted in conversations about Librarianship and Information Science pedagogy and appropriate methods in outreach and community engagement for disadvantaged communities. Now that the passionately fueled debates on High John have ceased, the experiment is a distant memory. Although this experiment led to debates about diversity, inclusion, and equity in information access within the United States, this experiment is relevant to information readers on a global scale. Because Librarianship and Information Science has a history rooted in elitism and oppression worldwide, High John warrants further exposure and examination from a diverse pool of contemporary perspectives. Through the application of modern community outreach and engagement practices, this article builds on a critical historical analysis of the experiment and argues High John failed in its mission and violated the community’s trust that it purported to serve.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-02-26T08:11:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621996430
  • The information-gathering practice of liberal professionals in a workplace
           setting: More than just seeking information
    • Authors: Yosef Solomon, Jenny Bronstein
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Existing models of the information behaviour of various liberal professionals, especially lawyers, lack currentness. They do not adequately represent the full scope of how these professionals de facto attain information in their occupation. Without clarity about the contemporary information-gathering practice of liberal professionals in a workplace setting, scholars, technology entrepreneurs and policy makers might be relying on partial or outdated grounds, and the ability of the information specialists to provide an effective service for their patrons might also be hindered. With a focus on legal professionals, as they have experienced noteworthy changes in their occupation, purposive sampling was applied, and 20 semi-structured interviews were conducted with practising lawyers in Israel. Participants were nationwide and ranged over 30 different areas of legal practice, with a fair diversity of other professionals and personal traits achieved. The content analysis revealed four distinctive forms in which lawyers in Israel gather information within the contemporary legal practice: (a) self-executed information-seeking, (b) mediated acquisition of information, (c) information discovery and (d) combined information-gathering – which in all compile 10 different habitual strategies of gathering information in their professional work. Finally, the study suggests a revised, integrative and inclusive model that provides a more accurate and profound understanding of legal professionals’ information-gathering practice. This comprehensive and current framework may serve as an insightful guide for understanding other information-rich liberal professions.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-02-18T11:23:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621992810
  • Personal information management through ubiquitous devices: Students’
           mobile self-efficacy and PIM practices
    • Authors: Irfan Ali, Nosheen Fatima Warraich
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study aims to explore personal information management (PIM) practices of undergraduate university students on ubiquitous devices such as mobile phones. The purpose was to investigate the relationship between mobile self-efficacy and mobile-based PIM practices of the respondentsin terms of finding/re-finding, keeping and organizing information. This study was the offspring of a PhD project. The quantitative research design was used to conduct this study. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from undergraduate students Regression analysis was applied to investigate the relationship between mobile self-efficacy and their mobile based PIM practices. The findings revealed that undergraduate students search, browse, and scan information through mobile phones. They used keywords, searched from recently opened file, and from send item to find/re-find information. They save their personal information in folders, use mobile applications, and take screen shot of information to keep it for future use. Current study reported “Sharing as keeping ‘as a new phenomenon in mobile based personal information keeping (ubiquitous environment). This study also reported ‘Ubiquity’ as an emerging trend in PIM among young generation. Study found positive correlations between mobile self-efficacy and mobile based PIM. Current study developed a model of mobile self-efficacy and PIM. Based on new phenomena “sharing as keeping’ (which occurred in current study), a model “mobile based personal information keeping” may be developed. This study helps software developers of smartphones to develop mobile phone applications according to users’ needs. This study provides better understanding of PIM model (finding/re-finding, keeping and organizing information) through ubiquitous devices (smart phones). Although studies have been conducted to know the impact or relationship between mobile self-efficacy and PIM, but no comprehensive study has been conducted to explore the relationship between mobile self-efficacy and the holistic picture of mobile based PIM (finding/re-finding, keeping, and organizing information) especially in developing countries like Pakistan.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-02-16T09:39:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621992821
  • “I actually got my first job through my ex-colleague”:
           Employment-related information seeking behavior of Bangladeshi immigrants
           in Canada
    • Authors: Nafiz Zaman Shuva
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study explores the employment-related information seeking behaviour of Bangladeshi immigrants in Canada. Using a mixed-methods approach, the study conducted semi-structured interviews with 60 Bangladeshi immigrants in Ontario, Canada, and obtained 205 survey responses. The study highlights the centrality of employment-related settlement among Bangladeshi immigrants in Ontario and reports many immigrants not being able to utilize their education and skills after arrival in Canada. The results show that Bangladeshi immigrants utilize various information sources for their employment in Canada, including friends and professional colleagues, online searchers, and settlement agencies. Although Bangladeshi immigrants utilized a large array of information sources for meeting their employment-related information needs, many interview participants emphasized that the employment-related benefits they received was because of their access to friends and professional colleagues in Canada. The survey results echoed the interview findings. The cross-tabulation results on post-arrival information sources and occupation status as well as first job information sources and occupational status in Canada show a significant association among the use of the information source “friends and professional colleagues in Canada” and immigrants’ occupational status. The study highlights the benefits of professional colleagues among immigrants in employment-related settlement contexts. It also reports the challenges faced by many immigrant professionals related to employment-related settlement because of the lack of access to their professional friends and colleagues in Canada. The author urges the Federal Government of Canada, provincial governments, and settlement agencies working with newcomers to offer services that would connect highly skilled immigrants with their professional networks in Canada, in order to get proper guidance related to obtaining a professional job or alternative career. The author calls for further studies on employment-related information seeking by immigrants to better understand the role information plays in their settlement in a new country.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-02-15T10:40:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000621992806
  • Measuring the educational value of comic books from the school
           librarians’ perspective: A region-wide quantitative study in Taiwan
    • Authors: Patrick Lo, Ya-Pin Lyu, Joyce Chao-chen Chen, Jui-Lien Lu, Andrew J. Stark
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Comic books and their characters are an integral part of popular culture. However, comic books, as educational material, still remain controversial in certain education systems, as this medium is regarded by some as sheer entertainment – thereby hindering students’ motivation to seek out other more formal, text-based literature to read. For this study, a region-wide questionnaire survey was sent out to explore school librarians’ perceptions and attitudes towards the educational value of comic books in Taiwan. A total of 789 responses were collected for this questionnaire survey study. The regression model was used to identify the causal relationship between different genres of comic books and students’ voluntary reading and learning incentives in the context of the school library. Findings from this study suggest that comic books (1) carry the potential to attract more students to visit the school library after class, (2) facilitate students’ reading comprehension skills and (3) foster students’ interest in voluntary reading. Because of this medium’s visual-based and serialised narrative approach to storytelling, findings of this study also suggest that comic books could function as a reading motivational tool, particularly useful in helping their students learn about the subjects of History and Science.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-01-21T10:24:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620983430
  • Adult large print collections in the United States: An exploratory survey
    • Authors: Holly S. Hebert, Cara Huwieler
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      What is the status of adult large print collections in public libraries across the United States' This nationwide survey explored adult large print collections, methods of collection development, librarian views of adult large print users, and the services surrounding these users. Responses were collected from all 50 states, from rural to urban settings, standalone to library systems, and all sizes of adult large print collections. Overall, adult large print collections continue to be a vital collection utilized by public libraries in their services to older adults.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-01-13T06:26:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620985921
  • Information needs of breast cancer patients and how educational status
           influence their information needs in Ghana
    • Authors: Benedicta Boadi, George Tesilimi Banji, Patrick Adzobu, Stephen Okyere
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Health information literacy plays a critical role in self-management practices among patients living with chronic health conditions. However, there are limited studies on information needs among breast cancer patients in Ghana. This paper therefore investigated the information needs of women living with breast cancer in Ghana and how educational status influenced their information needs. The study was conducted in two health facilities in Accra, Ghana (37 Military Hospital and Sweden Ghana Medical Centre). A total of 75 breast cancer patients were conveniently selected from the two health facilities for the study. The instrument used to elicit relevant data for this study was a questionnaire using the survey design. Data was analysed descriptively. The findings of the study revealed that the information needs of the breast cancer patients investigated were centred mainly around treatment and management information and less around preventive information. The patients also ranked diagnostic information as their highest need, followed by physical care information, treatment information, psychosocial information and disease-specific information in that order. Patients with higher education reported higher information need on all the five domains compared to those with lower education. The study therefore recommended that management of health facilities make health information literacy an integral component of their treatment and management of breast cancer.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-01-06T10:54:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620981611
  • Search evolution for ease and speed: A call to action for what’s
           been lost
    • Authors: Virginia M. Tucker, Sylvia L. Edwards
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, leading website search engines have abandoned vital search features supporting complex information needs, evolving instead for the marketplace and for users seeking speedy answers to easy questions. The consequences are troubling, for researchers and for information science educators, with concerns ranging from the very relevance of search results and the unknowing of what is missing, to the novice searcher’s waning ability to frame potent queries and to learn ways to refine results. We report on a grounded theory study of search experiences of information professionals and graduate students (n = 20) that contributes a holistic understanding of web searching, using its findings both to frame what is lacking in the design evolution of search engines for complex information needs and to outline a way forward. One goal of the study was to evaluate an established model of web searching, called Net Lenses, a theoretical framework shown to be highly relevant during the study’s grounded theory secondary literature review. The original Net Lenses research used phenomenography to identify variation in the web search experiences of university students (n = 41), evidencing four categories according to the characteristics of searcher awareness, approach to learning, response to obstacles and search outcomes. This study validated the model and led to an expanded version, Net Lenses 2.0, with five categories of search experience, reflecting the complex information needs of more advanced searchers. This resultant Net Lenses 2.0 model is discussed with its implications for search engine design, for advanced searchers and also for learning-to-search modes, much needed by searchers seeking to develop their abilities. The study’s implications coalesce in a call to action for more inclusive search interface design, and an agenda is put forth for how information researchers, educators and literacy advocates can move forward in their intersecting domains.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2021-01-04T11:09:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620980827
  • Information landscapes as contexts of information practices
    • Authors: Reijo Savolainen
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The article examines the strengths and limitations of the analogy of information landscapes proposed by Annemaree Lloyd. The analogy offers a novel approach to the conceptualization of the spatial contexts of information practices. Drawing on the ideas of metaphor analysis, the analogy is scrutinized by comparing the similarities between its source domain, that is, natural landscape, and target domain, that is, information landscape. The study identified three main aspects of the analogy: (1) information landscapes as spaces affording the accomplishment of information practices, (2) information landscapes as spaces entwining physical and imaginary qualities and (3) information landscapes as socially constructed spatial contexts of information practices. The findings suggest that the construct of information landscapes represents a spatial analogy in which the properties of the source domain partially elucidate the nature of the contexts of information practices. The analogy works best with regard to similarities between affordances offered by natural landscapes and information landscapes. The major limitation of the analogy deals with difficulties to map physical features of the source domain onto the cognitive and social qualifiers of the target domain.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-12-28T10:56:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620982359
  • Green libraries and green librarianship – Towards conceptualization
    • Authors: Małgorzata Fedorowicz-Kruszewska
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Since the beginning of the 1990s, libraries have been undertaking a number of activities aimed at minimizing their negative impact on the environment. Those that show such activity are called ‘green libraries’. This term appears in scientific, professional and popular science literature, but its definitions are vague and ambiguous. A preliminary analysis of the content of publications dealing with the issue of green libraries shows a modest representation of theoretical and synthetic texts. This article aims to fill this gap. It has three goals: (1) clarification of the term ‘green library’, (2) conceptualization of the term ‘green librarianship’ and (3) determination of ‘green librarianship’ areas. To achieve them, first, an analysis of the environmental discourse on green libraries and green librarianship in library science literature was performed to abstract green library indicators. Then, these indicators were verified. The selection of the sample for research was deliberate. The materials were collected using the Library, Information Science & Technology (LISTA) bibliographic and abstract database. As a result, the number of green library indicators has been extended, which has made it possible to clarify the definition of this term. The definition of ‘green librarianship’ was then formulated, and the areas of green librarianship were indicated. Conceptualization of the terms ‘green library’ and ‘green librarianship’ constitutes the value of this article. The practical implication of the study is the expansion of the number of green library indicators. These indicators can be used to develop a codebook for the content analysis of documents in the discussed area. This article may also contribute to the development of methods for the evaluation of activities and development of green libraries.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-12-17T12:03:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620980830
  • Malaysian research-support librarians’ self-directed learning traits:
           Examining demographic differences and their relationship with competencies
    • Authors: Nazrinda A. Samah, Lokman Mohd Tahir, Wan Ali Wan Yusoff Wan Mamat, Rohaya Talib, Adibah Abdul Latif
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Research-support librarians have to play an effective role in supporting learning, providing services and anticipating the requirements of academic researchers. However, previous studies revealed that these librarians lacked the competencies to keep abreast of new resources, services and technologies. Although there is a large body of literature discussing the comprehensive competencies required of research-support librarians, very few have attempted to investigate this issue in the Malaysian context. Based on this situation, this study attempts to investigate the self-directed learning traits and competencies of research-support librarians in Malaysian public universities. This study also aims to identify the influence of self-directed learning on competencies. A total of 215 research-support librarians from Malaysian public universities were selected. The findings revealed that the competencies of these librarians are still at medium level. The most noticeable and lowest competency was in information technology skills, followed by research and contributions to the profession and library management. The most prevalent competencies were interpersonal skills, followed by information literacy, entrepreneurialism, foundational knowledge and collections development.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-11-04T06:29:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620967072
  • The effect of librarians’ digital skills on technology acceptance in
           academic libraries in Jordan
    • Authors: Faten Hamad, Maha Al-Fadel, Hussam Fakhouri
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Digital skills are necessary to work and manage electronic library infrastructures and services. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for assessing the level of digital skills among librarians at academic libraries in Jordan. It is also important to investigate the influence of digital skills on technology acceptance among librarians in Jordan. A questionnaire was developed and used to collect the required data from university libraries in Jordan. The results indicate a high level of digital skills among the librarians. The result also shows that financial issues are the main challenges that librarians face to obtain the required skills. Most importantly, the level of digital skills positively influences the librarians’ acceptance and use of technology in academic libraries in Jordan. It was noted that factors such as sex, age, experience, specialization, and library type had no effect on the results. Findings of this research will help to explore the skills and competencies needed by information professionals and act as a guideline for competency development and curriculum updates in Librarianship and Information Science schools at an international level.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-28T07:54:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620966644
  • What is the literacy supportive role of the school librarian in the United
    • Authors: Margaret K. Merga
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Building students’ literacy skills is a key educative purpose of contemporary schooling. While libraries can play a key role in fostering literacy and related reading engagement in schools, more needs to be known about school librarians’ role in promoting these goals. To this end, this article seeks to identify the nature and scope of the literacy supportive role required of the school librarian in the United Kingdom. It also investigates how this aspect is situated within the broader competing role requirements of the profession. Using a hybrid approach to content analysis including both qualitative and quantitative methods, this article presents in-depth analysis of 40 recent job description documents recruiting school librarians in the United Kingdom to investigate these research aims. The vast majority of documents (92.5%) included literacy supportive roles or characteristics of a school librarian, and recurring salient components included supporting literature selection, having a broad and current knowledge of literature, promoting and modelling reading for pleasure, devising and supporting reading and literature events, promoting a whole-school reading culture, working closely with students to support reading and literacy skill development, and implementing and supporting reading programmes. This literacy supportive role was found to sit within a potentially highly complex and diverse work role which may compete with the literacy supportive role for time and resourcing in school libraries. This research suggests that the role of school librarians in the United Kingdom is both complex and evolving, and that school librarians in the United Kingdom have a valuable literacy supportive role to play in their school libraries.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-27T10:35:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620964569
  • Information transparency: How do Department of Library and Information
           Science students at South Valley University perceive the state’s dealing
           with the novel coronavirus outbreak'
    • Authors: Essam Mansour
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study proposes to investigate the knowledge and perception of students in the Department of Library and Information Science at South Valley University in Upper Egypt about the state’s dealing with the outbreak of the novel coronavirus known as COVID-19 that has been detected in Egypt in February 2020. A quantitative research approach was adopted in the form of a survey. The target population of the study included students (N = 295) of the fourth year of Department of Library and Information Science at South Valley University, of which 253 responded to the study questionnaire, representing 85.8% of the total number. The study found that there is no significant relationship between the students’ gender and other variables of the study according to the statistics used. It also showed that the most popular information sources mentioned by Department of Library and Information Science students to get information related to the coronavirus were social media and the Internet/Web. The publication/dissemination of information and its availability were badly perceived by the students. About one-third of them questioned the government’s ability to deal with the novel coronavirus. They highly believe in the role of information transparency in fighting both administrative and human corruption. The students emphasized the citizens’ right to criticize the government when it does not comply with the transparency, as well as the right to access any information owned by it in any formats at any time. They were dissatisfied with the government’s ability to retrieve information, organize, store, have legislations, and own a good database of citizens, as well as its capabilities, in terms of transparency, competence, benevolence, honesty, accuracy, efficiency/effectiveness, practicality, and confidence, in relation to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. Finally, the study indicated that barriers, such as the spread of administrative and human corruption, security restrictions, and the fragility of the freedom to disclose government information, were highly significant by the surveyed students.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-27T10:23:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620965687
  • The role of libraries in misinformation programming: A research agenda
    • Authors: Jason C. Young, Brandyn Boyd, Katya Yefimova, Stacey Wedlake, Chris Coward, Rolf Hapel
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Misinformation, or fake news, has exploded across social media platforms and communities over the past few years, with serious social and political implications. Many library practitioners and organizations have argued that libraries can and should play a central role in educating the public about this emerging issue. However, serious gaps exist in understanding how libraries can create effective community education about misinformation. This article maps out a research agenda that researchers and public library practitioners can use to make libraries more effective sites for combatting misinformation. This research agenda is grounded in analysis of interviews and workshop discussions of public library staff from Washington State. This analysis reveals three areas in which academic partners can support public libraries: through the design of effective programming, through the development of tools that help librarians keep up-to-date on relevant misinformation, and through interventions in the political and economic contexts that hamper the freedom of librarians to engage controversial topics. Our hope is that this article can help to spur more expansive library and information science research across these areas and become the beginning of a longer and more empirically grounded conversation about how public libraries can achieve their potential for combating misinformation.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-26T08:23:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620966650
  • Occupational stress measures of tenure-track librarians
    • Authors: Laura Cameron, Stephanie Pierce, Julia Conroy
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study sought to measure occupational stress levels of tenure eligible academic librarians quantitatively and explores the connections between occupational stress and institutional supports. Researchers administered the Job Stress Survey™ to 109 academic librarians in tenure eligible positions. These data were then analyzed and correlated with participants’ responses in an earlier study which measured tenure confidence and access to institutional supports. Findings showed that lack of support contributes to stress more than the pressures of the job and supports that increase librarians’ confidence do not always decrease stress.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-26T08:16:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620967736
  • Deconstructing information literacy discourse: Peeling back the layers in
           higher education
    • Authors: Alison Hicks, Annemaree Lloyd
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The discourses of information literacy practice create epistemological assumptions about how the practice should happen, who should be responsible and under what conditions instruction should be given. This paper employs a discourse analysis method (Potter, 2008) to identify discourses of information literacy and the learner from within higher education focused professional texts. Texts analysed include 4 recent English-language models of information literacy and 16 textbooks. Analysis suggests that within higher education, information literacy is shaped by 2 conflicting narratives. The outward facing narrative positions information literacy as an empowering practice that equips learners with the knowledge and skills that they need within complex and fast-paced information environments. The inward facing narrative positions learners as incompetent or as lacking the ability to operate within higher education. This deficit perception consequently threatens the sustainability of information literacy practice by reframing empowerment as a process of top-down behaviour modification. This paper represents the first in a research programme that interrogates the epistemological premises and discourses of information literacy within higher education.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-26T07:55:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620966027
  • Professional networking with emailing groups: A case of Pakistan Library
           Automation Group
    • Authors: Nadeem Siddique, Farasat Shafi Ullah, Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Ajmal Khan
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Library and Information Science professionals in Pakistan are taking the benefit of emailing groups to seek help from other professionals, share information, and enhance their services. This study aims to present an analysis of all messages posted to plagpk, a pioneer Library and Information Science emailing group in Pakistan. In this study, content analysis of messages posted to the Yahoo mailing group “plagpk” was made from the launching of the group till 14 December 2019. The findings ranked the category of resource sharing at the top position. The study also found that only a small number of group members posted emails to the group, and male group members dominated the female members in terms of sending emails. Library and Information Science professionals in Pakistan are widely using emailing groups to discuss and share professional issues. There is a scarcity of studies related to the use of mailing groups in Pakistan. This study will be helpful for professionals planning to use emailing groups for professional networking.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-22T07:45:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620965668
  • Are you mentoring or coaching' Definitions matter
    • Authors: Lisa Hussey, Jennifer Campbell-Meier
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      New library and information science professionals, without previous experience in information organizations, are often left adrift, unsure how to apply theory or best practice to a new work environment. To bridge this gap, mentoring and coaching opportunities are often employed (or mandated) to provide new practitioners with required skills, knowledge, or networking. There are opportunities to harness implicit and explicit learning through experiences and interactions through mentoring and coaching. Definitions of mentoring and coaching in the profession are often used interchangeably when discussing the growth and development of an individual. This leads to the following questions: How do librarians define both mentoring and coaching' How do mentoring and coaching relate to professional development' To address the research question, 47 semi-structured interviews were conducted with librarians in Canada, New Zealand, and the United States between 2015 and 2016. Participants were asked about their mentoring and coaching experiences. During the interviews, participants were asked questions about their experiences as a mentor or mentee. In addition, participants were asked to define both “mentoring” and “coaching.” The authors used an inductive approach to data analysis, and interviews were coded by category.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-22T07:40:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620966651
  • Older adults’ eHealth literacy and the role libraries can play
    • Authors: Zhenping Lin, Yao Zhang, Miriam Matteson, Xiaoming Li, Xiaoming Tu, Yeqin Zhou, Jing Wang
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study examined the eHealth literacy, health knowledge, health behavior of a population of older Chinese adults, and the impact of using library or community activities for health information seeking. A survey was conducted among 215 participants 45 years or older. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, one-way analysis of variance, bivariate correlation, and multiple regression. The results showed that participants who were urban residents, non-farm workers, and had 9 years of education or more were more likely to use the library or community activities for health information seeking. Health behavior had a significant relationship with eHealth literacy and health knowledge. Both eHealth literacy and health knowledge showed a significant positive relationship with using the library or community activities for health information. These results support the idea that libraries play an important role in providing high-quality eHealth literacy services to enhance healthy behavior and health outcomes in their communities.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-21T08:28:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620962847
  • Researchers’ article sharing through institutional repositories and
           ResearchGate: A comparison study
    • Authors: Youngseek Kim, Jong Sir Oh
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The present study examined whether social and individual motivation factors influence researchers’ article-sharing intentions through their use of institutional repository or ResearchGate and how these factors differ between the two types of platforms. For this study, we employed a theoretical framework that integrated the Theory of Planned Behavior, community considerations, and reciprocity to examine social and individual motivation factors affecting researchers’ article-sharing intentions through the use of institutional repositories or ResearchGate. We employed diverse statistical analyses including Cronbach’s alpha, principal components factor analysis, multiple regression, and t-test based on a total of 492 survey responses from institutional repository and ResearchGate users. The results of this research revealed that institutional repository users’ article-sharing intentions were led by perceived community benefit, career benefit, and career risk whereas ResearchGate users’ intentions were led by subjective norms, perceived reciprocity, career benefit, career risk, and ease of use of the platform. These results demonstrate the need to develop different types of support and article-sharing policies for both institutional repository and ResearchGate users to facilitate or increase their article-sharing behaviors.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-15T01:17:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620962840
  • Embedded librarians as research partners in South Korea
    • Authors: Eun-Ja Shin
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Recently, many articles co-authored by librarians have been published in non-library and information science journals. This may indicate that embedded librarians are actively working as research partners in various fields. However, studies have rarely discussed the roles and experience of embedded librarians and, unlike the USA and European countries, the activities of embedded librarians in Korea are not well reported. This study collected and analysed co-authored articles from Korean faculty and librarians. In addition to identifying the role of the embedded librarian by analysing the author-contributions texts of the articles, the study examined the backgrounds of librarians and the difficulties of collaborating through interviews with librarian authors. The results of the analyses show that the number of collaborative articles by faculty and embedded librarians increased over the years and, of these, almost 70% were medical publications. The roles of the librarians outlined in the author-contributions texts were as reported in previous studies but, in many cases, their role was more significant than traditional liaison work, such as reporting the study’s methodology or approving the final draft. In the interviews, the embedded librarians expressed that they had experienced some difficulties, such as lack of time, insufficient guidelines and an inadequate curriculum in their library and information science department. For librarians to be recognized as research partners, they need to communicate well with team members and have knowledge, skills and abilities related to the research. Further, to achieve this collaboration, the curriculum of departments should be reformed. If such efforts are made, it is expected that embedded librarians will continue to excel in their role as liaison librarians, which has contributed to supporting research projects.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-09T10:42:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620962550
  • Understanding fake news during the Covid-19 health crisis from the
           perspective of information behaviour: The case of Spain
    • Authors: Michela Montesi
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The health crisis brought about by Covid-19 has generated a heightened need for information as a response to a situation of uncertainty and high emotional load, in which fake news and other informative content have grown dramatically. The aim of this work is to delve into the understanding of fake news from the perspective of information behaviour by analysing a sample of fake news items that were spread in Spain during the Covid-19 health crisis. A sample of 242 fake news items was collected from the website and analysed according to the criteria of cognitive and affective authority, interactivity, themes and potential danger. The results point to a practical absence of indicators of cognitive authority (53.7%), while the affective authority of these news items is built through mechanisms of discrediting people, ideas or movements (40.7%) and, secondarily, the use of offensive or coarse language (17.7%) and comparison or reference to additional information sources (26.6%). Interactivity features allow commenting in 24.3% of the cases. The dominant theme is society (43.1%), followed by politics (26.4%) and science (23.6%). Finally, fake news, for the most part, does not seem to pose any danger to the health or safety of people – the harm it causes is intangible and moral. The author concludes by highlighting the importance of a culture of civic values to combat fake news.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-10-07T06:50:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620949653
  • Information and communication technology skills among library and
           information science professionals: A predictor of enhanced library
    • Authors: Shamshad Ahmed, Arslan Sheikh
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this study is to measure the information and communication technology (ICT) skills of library and information science professionals considering it as a predictor of enhanced library services. The study also finds out which ICT skill is the best predictor for better library services. A questionnaire was designed to collect data from librarians at university libraries in Punjab, Pakistan. Four constructs – computer skills, information storage skills, information retrieval skills and online utility software skills – were taken as the independent variables and a construct measuring library performance was taken as the dependent variable. After checking all assumptions, a multiple regression was run to predict the dependent variable from the independent variables. Further, comparison among the independent variables was made to check the level of contribution towards library performance. The regression model shows that the explanatory power of ICT skills for enhanced library services is slightly high, which indicates that a higher level of ICT competency among librarians is important for enhanced library services. Furthermore, the beta coefficient illustrates that the contribution of information retrieval skills towards enhanced library services was relatively high compared with the three other ICT skills. The study concludes that ICT skills are a prerequisite for better library services and the professional development of librarians.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-09-30T12:00:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620962162
  • Best practices for managing innovations in public libraries in the USA
    • Authors: Devendra Dilip Potnis, Joseph Winberry, Bonnie Finn
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Public libraries serve as anchors for thousands of communities across the United States. Innovations are critical for the survival and relevance of public libraries in the country. Few studies, if any, identify the best practices for managing innovations in public libraries based on the experiential guidance shared by administrators of public libraries that are recognized for their innovations. This empirical study fills in the gap by identifying the challenges and solutions for managing innovations in public libraries in the USA. A thematic content analysis of qualitative responses collected through an online anonymous survey of 219 administrators of 211 innovations in 106 urban public libraries awarded for their innovations revealed 30 unique challenges to planning and implementing innovations and an equal number of solutions, which were then organized into five clusters: strategy, finance, organizational behavior, human resource management, and communication. Administrators and staff in public libraries need to develop competencies in these five areas to better manage innovations in the future. Other public libraries can learn, apply, and benefit from these best practices. The best practices for managing innovations, if applied, can enhance the perceived and real value of public libraries to their local communities.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-09-29T08:01:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620948567
  • Shanghai Library as a human capital developer for a knowledge-driven
           socio-economic environment
    • Authors: Patrick Lo, Andrew J. Stark
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      As an integral part of society, public libraries have been functioning as community centres that help enhance personal and professional skills development as part of an individual’s lifelong learning process. To that end, public libraries are sometimes regarded as the ‘people’s university’. Using a Shanghainese context, this study seeks to understand the effects of Shanghai Library in creating human capital for the local community. Through a quantitative questionnaire survey, this study focused on examining the perceptions and usage patterns of three different financially independent user groups – white-collar workers, executives/professionals and educators/cultural administrators – and, in particular, how Shanghai Library contributed to the lifelong learning of these three user groups. A total of 429 responses were collected for the study. The findings reveal that a majority of the respondents from all three user groups used Shanghai Library mainly for learning and studying, as well as enhancing job-related skills. In fact, the majority of the respondents regarded Shanghai Library as an ‘indispensable place’ for lifelong learning. This study offers a glimpse of how public libraries in China might build human capital for their local communities.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-09-01T06:57:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620948565
  • Innovation in the library: Adoption of smartphones in accessing electronic
           resources in a Ghanaian university
    • Authors: Patrick Adzobu, Stephen Okyere, George Tesilimi Banji
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This paper examines the influence of innovation on the adoption of smartphones for accessing electronic resources in the library by postgraduate students at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana. The theoretical model that underpinned this study was the diffusion of innovation theory. Based on a quantitative research approach, a survey research design was used. Questionnaire was employed in the collection of data from 278 postgraduate students. The responses were coded, captured and analysed using IBM’s Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 22. The findings of the study show that postgraduate students’ gender and faculty influenced their adoption of smartphones for accessing e-resources at the University of Cape Coast. However, the age of the students did not have any significant influence on the adoption of smartphones. The findings further show that only two of the perceived characteristics of innovation, complexity and compatibility, had a significant influence on the adoption of smartphones among the postgraduate students.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-27T10:16:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620949648
  • Out of sight and out of mind: Bookmarks are created but not used
    • Authors: Ofer Bergman, Steve Whittaker, Joel Schooler
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Users commonly report problems in refinding important websites. To address this, some create Bookmarks (also called web Favorites) to improve the refinding of these websites. Previous research notes that these Bookmarks are rarely used. However, these prior studies did not systematically observe and quantify the frequency and success of Bookmark retrievals, or compare their success with other retrieval methods. The authors address those questions in this study using the elicited personal information retrieval technique, in which they asked their 50 participants to retrieve target URLs (uniform resource locators). Each participant received 21 targets, from which five were taken from the participants’ Bookmarks, and they were presented in random order to avoid raising suspicions. Although most of the participants created Bookmarks, they rarely used them for retrieval. Across all of the participants, only 41 (16%) of these 250 bookmarked retrieval targets were actually retrieved using the Bookmark facility. Of these 41 instances when Bookmarks were used, only 9 (4%) Bookmarks were retrieved using the Bookmarks menu hierarchy, while the remaining 32 were located in the browser’s upper bar, which was in full view of the participants. The results suggest that unless the Bookmarks were highly visible, the participants did not use them. Furthermore, for websites that the users had visited, bookmarked websites were not better retrieved than those that had not been bookmarked. The authors conclude by discussing possible explanations, as well as design and theory implications.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-21T01:05:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620949652
  • Public library circulation records: What do they reveal about users’
           reading preferences'
    • Authors: Golnessa Galyani-Moghaddam, Parvin Taheri
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigates the reading preferences of young users of public libraries located in different districts of Tehran. The study uses a quantitative bibliometric method. It was carried out through an analysis of the online borrowing data recorded in the circulation departments of six Tehran public libraries ranked 3 by the Iran Public Libraries Foundation. The books borrowed by 12–18-year-old library users were analysed using Excel. The data shows that the users, regardless of their gender, preferred to borrow books not related to their coursework (non-supplementary books). Novels, adventure stories and fantasy were the genres most preferred by the users. Male and female youth, however, exhibited different reading preferences.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-21T01:04:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620949643
  • Acceptance of evidence-based nursing databases by educational nurses using
           Rogers’ model
    • Authors: Najme Dehghan Salmasi, Maryam Kazerani, Maryam Shekofteh, Sara Jambarsang
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Nurses always need accurate, up-to-date and reliable information. Evidence-based resources can be an appropriate approach to this need. The first step in utilizing these resources is to acknowledge them and use them in clinical practice. This descriptive cross-sectional study was designed to determine the acceptance rate of evidence-based databases by nurses based on Rogers’ innovation-diffusion model. A total of 214 nurses working in educational hospitals participated in the study in 2019. The data collection tool was a questionnaire, with confirmed validity and reliability, which was designed based on five components of Rogers’ model: knowledge, persuasion, decision, implementation and confirmation. The data analysis was performed using SPPS Version 23 to compute descriptive and analytical statistics indices. Based on the categories in Rogers’ model, the nurses had moderate views on the rate of acceptance of evidence-based databases, limited (low) knowledge and awareness of the databases, a favorable persuasion level and a low implementation rate. Well-educated, senior educational supervisors and nurses were more in line with persuasion, knowledge and implementation of evidence-based resources. According to the regression analysis (p < 0.001), persuasion and confirmation components had the greatest effect on the acceptance of databases, indicating the significance of providing evidence-based nursing education, both formal and informal, using the related databases.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-19T05:22:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620948569
  • Personal digital legacy preservation by libraries
    • Authors: Andor Nagy, Péter Kiszl
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The personal legacy created throughout a person’s lifetime is increasingly dependent on the lifespan and reliability of computers and electronic data storage. This runs the risk that personal legacies stored electronically and often at web addresses unknown to successors may be less complete compared to legacies from the era of analogue data carriers. Dozens of online services have been launched over the past decade to address this problem, but many of them have been discontinued or are not reliable enough to entrust with important data. This article offers a critical review of already existing research on digital legacy preservation and an overview of the available tools and resources to demonstrate that libraries do not yet play an active role in preserving digital legacies, despite the fact that this could not only enhance the sustainability and reliability of preservation, but also be a marketable library service. With this article, the authors would like to draw attention to this service, which is still considered atypical today; provide an objective description of the current situation; and propose a preliminary model for developing such a service in order to set the stage for future research.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-17T11:15:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620948574
  • A novel methodology for surveying children for designing library services:
           A case study of the Municipal Library of Prague
    • Authors: Jan Stejskal, Petr Hajek, Pavel Cerny
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Recognizing individual needs and customer preferences is key to succeeding and increasing competitiveness in both the commercial and public sectors. In the public sector, this is one of the ways to increase the efficiency of public funds allocated to public libraries. However, in order to make the right decisions, library management needs quality information about preferences and consumer behaviour, even from customers who cannot be the subject of routine research due to their young age. Therefore, this article proposes a new methodology for surveying children in order to design library services. The proposed methodology, which integrates principles from ethnographic and sociological methods, aims to overcome the problems of conventional sociological methods, such as how to conceive a child as a respondent and how to determine their preferences from hypothetical situations. This article uses a specially designed questionnaire tool to identify preferences, behaviour and information from children (as visitors of a library). The authors learned that Czech children went to the library primarily for books and games. In addition, the data from the questionnaire revealed patterns in the children’s and adults’ behaviour when visiting the library. All of the data in this article can be used for further research into consumer behaviour.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-17T11:14:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620948568
  • On the evolution of library and information science doctoral dissertation
           topics in China
    • Authors: Yanhui Song, Li Zhu, Fei Shu
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Previous studies have presented a radical change in library and information science research topics in North America. This article investigates library and information science doctoral dissertations in China in terms of their topics and interdisciplinarity in the past 20 years. The results do not find a significant change in library and information science dissertation topics in China but reveal that the increase of library and information science doctoral research in the area of information science is attributed to an increase in admissions to Information Science majors compared to other majors (Library Science and Archive Studies). This study also shows that the academic background of library and information science doctoral advisors does not affect the interdisciplinarity of their students’ doctoral dissertations in China.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-08-13T08:23:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620948573
  • Exploring the topic structure and evolution of associations in information
           behavior research through co-word analysis
    • Authors: Shengli Deng, Sudi Xia, Jiming Hu, Hongxiu Li, Yong Liu
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study aims to reveal the distribution of topics, and the associations among them, in information behavior research from 2009 to 2018. Working with a collection of 6744 publications from the Web of Science database, co-word analysis is used to investigate the overall topic structure, the associations among the topics, and their evolution in different years, which is supplemented by visualization with science maps. The results uncovered an unbalanced distribution of topics, and that the topics cluster into six communities representing subdivisions of this field: information behavior in patient-centered studies; information interaction in the digital environment; information literacy in health and academic contexts; health literacy on the Internet; information behavior in child-centered studies; and information behavior in medical informatics. The findings supplement and provide refinements to work on the state of this field, and help researchers obtain an overview of the past decade to guide their future work.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-23T12:52:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620938120
  • Information literacy education in primary schools: A case study
    • Authors: Sigal Ben Amram, Noa Aharony, Judit Bar Ilan
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This study focuses on teachers’ perspectives concerning information literacy teaching in two primary schools in Israel—one school that joined the national information and communications technology program and a second school that did not. The researchers used a qualitative research method during the 2015 academic year. Eighteen teachers were interviewed. The findings suggest that participation in the national information and communications technology program did not lead to the integration of information literacy in the school’s curriculum. A significant gap was discovered in both schools between the teachers’ perceptions—who understood the importance of teaching information literacy and its actual implementation.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-20T10:17:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620938132
  • The moral obligation for interlibrary lending
    • Authors: Marianne Bamkin
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      A philosophical dilemma has arisen for librarians in this interconnected age: whether a library has a moral obligation to lend resources to another library. This discussion article examines a range of literature about interlibrary lending (interlending) and gives an account of librarians’ perceptions of this quandary. The literature covers the guidelines on interlending set out by library professional bodies and a historical view of interlending, as well as more recent perceptions from librarians quoted in reports. In order to explore the concept in more detail, taking a qualitative approach, a small questionnaire was circulated online to a cross section of libraries in the Midlands region of the UK. The opinions of 11 self-selected participants were forthcoming, working in a range of academic, public and community-led libraries. The data gathered was thematically categorised to identify the range of perceptions. The views expressed in the questionnaire echoed those identified in the literature, forming three groups of moral attitude: no moral obligation; an obligation if it does not outweigh the costs; and a strong moral imperative to share resources. The participants identified the benefits of interlibrary lending and generally acknowledged that resource-sharing was important. The importance of good customer service was highlighted, as well as the imperative of supporting the ongoing operation of their library service. Taking these perceptions into consideration, it was concluded that the question ‘Is there a moral obligation for one library to lend to another'’ is not the right one to ask. The moral duty of a librarian is that access to information is maintained and resources are shared for the good of society as a whole.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-14T04:09:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620938129
  • Changes in reading behaviour of periodicals on mobile devices: A
           comparative study
    • Authors: Shao Jing Ding, Ernest Tak Hei Lam, Dickson KW Chiu, Mavis Man-wai Lung, Kevin KW Ho
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Mobile devices not only bring convenience to aspects of life but also change people’s behaviour in their daily lives, in particular reading. While most of the studies focus on reading books, there are few systematic publications primarily focusing on electronic periodicals, especially comparing the different needs of patrons from different faculties. Through an online questionnaire, the authors explored whether and how university patrons of the University of Hong Kong changed their reading behaviour of e-periodicals in the context of mobile devices. Six reading patterns were investigated: reading frequency, types of periodicals, preference of mobile devices, reading time spent, reading time slot and reading location. The authors purposefully compare subjects selected from three faculties (Education, Engineering and Science) to examine whether research and learning requirements affect their behaviours. The analysis found that reading patterns did indeed change after patrons adopted mobile devices to read periodicals. There are also some statistically significant differences among the faculties investigated, reflecting their different information needs. The findings can help academic libraries review their periodical subscription policies and reading promotion schemes to satisfy various patrons’ needs.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-06T03:21:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620938119
  • Examining the relationship between social inclusion and mobile libraries
           in the age of Internet connectivity: A qualitative study of mobile
           librarians around the globe
    • Authors: Patrick Lo, Andrew Stark
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      In order to help serve community members suffering from public library access inequity, many library institutions provide mobile library services to help them connect directly with their communities and provide strong social, educational and emotional support to those in need. Via the use of a series of in-depth one-on-one interviews with individual mobile librarians practising in different parts of the world, this article aims to examine the new and changing roles of mobile libraries and librarians – the roles they play in supporting communities that suffer from a lack of readily accessible library resources, have extreme social inequity, or have lost touch with their usual library community owing to natural disasters. Nine mobile librarians took part in this study and the countries they represent are as follows: Australia, China, Croatia, Greece, Iceland, India, Japan, the USA and Zimbabwe. The user groups of the nine participating mobile libraries included refugees, impoverished children, migrant families and disaster-affected populations, who suffered, in particular, from extreme educational and informational inequality. The interview findings from the study indicate that mobile libraries play an important role in providing resources to different disadvantaged user groups, as well as enabling those with limited access to educational facilities and reading programmes with opportunities to survive and prosper in their communities. Not only do mobile libraries provide age- and content-appropriate resources and alternative literacy programmes for their patrons, but they also create new spaces for social connection for community members who may be disparate, isolated or physically unable to venture far from home. In summary, mobile libraries have the potential to function as a ‘social equaliser’ by extending the philosophy of social equality and erasing social, economic and educational barriers through the provision of literacy and learning opportunities for community members of all ages, abilities and backgrounds.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-06T03:20:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620935476
  • The structure of information behavior dissertations 2009–2018: Theories,
           methods, populations, disciplines
    • Authors: Brady Lund
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Dissertations can be important sources of information about the future of a research field. These publications capture the ideas, theories, methods, and populations that emerging researchers deem important for study. Dissertation research often exhibits great rigor and innovation. This study of dissertations focuses on one specific field, which has importance in a large variety of academic disciplines: information behavior. An analysis of a sample of information behavior dissertations published in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses between 2009 and 2018 is performed. The top theories, methods, and study populations are identified using data functions to compile the results. While the majority of information behavior research originates in the discipline of library and information science (53%), the field is nonetheless highly interdisciplinary. The theories of Kuhlthau, Dervin, and Wilson are used extensively as frameworks in information behavior dissertations. Students are the most commonly studied population, while interview is the most commonly utilized research method. Information behavior is a diverse research field, stemming from a large number of disciplines and utilizing a broad group of theories, methods, and populations.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-03T02:58:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620935499
  • Affordances supporting mothers’ engagement in information-related
           activities through Facebook groups
    • Authors: Ameera Mansour
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Social networking sites have become indispensable information and communication tools in everyday life. This qualitative study investigated the information-related activities and affordances of a Facebook group for foreign mothers living in Sweden. Four key information activities were identified: posting, monitoring, commenting and searching. These activities show how the group members accessed the information resources embedded within the group in a variety of visible, invisible, active and passive modes. The article concludes with a discussion of how these different modes are facilitated by the affordances of visibility, accessibility, persistence and associations.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-02T03:53:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620938106
  • Defending the digital: Awareness of digital selectivity in historical
           research practice
    • Authors: Jon Coburn
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Existing research offers fearful conclusions on the use of online archival collections, finding that historians ignore and overlook the limitations of digital sources. However, an attitudinal case study at Newcastle University contradicts this consensus. This article discusses this study’s detailed findings, determining that historians and library professionals demonstrate abundant and nuanced awareness of issues relating to ‘digital selectivity’. Nevertheless, the interviewees suggested that this does not radically undermine their practice. The study also revealed compelling aspects of digital selectivity not currently observed in existing research, including the effects of career stage and the importance of cooperation with library professionals. While the existing literature provides appropriate and prudent concerns, it lacks tangible evidence pointing to a widespread phenomenon of poor digital historical practice. The article closes by recommending further research into historians’ digital information-seeking behaviour, but argues that standardized metadata practices must come first. Limitations, including the absence of rigorous quantitative data, must be resolved before a fuller appreciation for digital historical practice is developed.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T03:28:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620918647
  • A voice for the voiceless: Improving provenance practice for working-class
    • Authors: Lauren Alex O’Hagan
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, libraries have become increasingly aware of the need to present a more diverse representation of society in their collections. While some efforts have been made to improve gender, race and sexuality representation, little attention has been paid to the working classes. The purpose of this research is to encourage a debate about the social class make-up of institutional collections and how fair representation and lack of diversity can be addressed. The research entails three stages: (1) Interviews with the 36 members of Research Libraries UK to investigate current challenges that prevent them from recording provenance information for working-class books; (2) The inclusive and fair cataloguing of the Janet Powney Collection – a working-class prize book collection in Cardiff University’s Special Collections and Archives; and (3) The organisation of impact and engagement events to promote the Janet Powney Collection. The study highlights that, while librarians face many challenges in terms of time, money and resources, as well as differences in guidelines and practices, the correct recording of provenance is essential in recovering the voices of working-class individuals, giving them agency as autonomous writers, and developing new narratives of working-class life and culture that challenge myths perpetuated by those in higher positions of power.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-03-05T03:51:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620909160
  • A study on the evaluation analysis of the library’s social values
    • Authors: Younghee Noh
      First page: 29
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this research is to develop evaluation indicators for assessing the social value of libraries. To this end, preliminary evaluation indicators were derived from a comprehensive analysis of approximately 60 domestic and overseas papers which focus on the value of libraries. On the basis of the derived preliminary evaluation indicators, 11 experts were selected and the final evaluation indicators were developed by conducting a Delphi survey three times. The final evaluation indicators are composed of five main issues, which are divided into areas around the social value of libraries. Included in this process are: the development of local communities, the network of local communities, the improvement of local residents’ quality of life, the levels of equal opportunities for local residents, and the information services necessary for local communities, along with 12 evaluation items, and 64 evaluation indicators. Based on this, public librarians and users were surveyed to obtain a measurement of the social value of libraries. Results showed that in general, there are negligible differences between genders and varying age groups. There are, however, significant differences in perception between people who visit the library with different frequencies; those who visit more often tended to have higher opinions on the library’s availability of resources and positive role in communities.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-03-16T03:45:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620911695
  • Moving with the media: An exploration of how migrant communities in New
           Zealand use social media
    • Authors: Kingsley T. Ihejirika, Maja Krtalic
      First page: 50
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This paper explores why and how migrants use social media in different phases of the migration process, how they manage personal information on social media during migration, and whether they use libraries’ social media in any of the migration phases. An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect opinions and investigate the activities of migrant communities in New Zealand in the three above mentioned areas. The paper presents the results of a descriptive statistical analysis performed on the data. These results were categorized and presented under the following themes: demographic data, use of social media during migration, personal information management practices on social media, use of library social media during migration, issues arising from the use of social media during migration and positive impact of social media during migration.The main findings of our research showed that in the transitioning phase migrants use social media mostly for making the decision to move. In the settling phase, social media help them to cushion the anxieties associated with a move and also help them to make an informed decision in the new country. In the settled phase, participants used social media to stay connected with family and friends in the home country. Language barriers can restrict the use of social media during the moving process. Personal information on social media is not recognized as important and is not managed in any particular way. Libraries are present in the life of migrants but more as physical spaces and services than through their social media presence. Findings from this study can be of interest to libraries and other information providers developing services for migrants in physical and digital environments.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-03-23T07:25:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620911694
  • What knowledge and attitudes inform public librarians’ interactions with
           library patrons in crisis'
    • Authors: Rachel D Williams , Lydia P Ogden
      First page: 62
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Using a thematic analysis, this article explores the knowledge and attitudes that inform public librarians’ interactions with people in crisis. Through five focus groups with 22 librarians at a large urban public library system, the study addresses how public librarians support people in crisis, what kinds of barriers and opportunities they experience, and how their perspectives on supporting patrons in crisis have professional impacts. Focusing on both the knowledge and attitudes of public librarians, this research has implications for exploring how public librarians can develop knowledge, attitudes, and skills that may be beneficial for supporting patrons in crisis.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-04T09:07:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620917720
  • Theory of planned behaviour factors and personality traits as determinants
           of the knowledge-sharing behaviour of pharmacists in Oyo State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adeola O Opesade, Fiyinfoluwa I Alade
      First page: 75
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      While many studies have attempted to understand knowledge-sharing practices in the health-care industry, there is a dearth of knowledge about the determinants of the knowledge-sharing behaviour of pharmacists. The present study employed theory of planned behaviour constructs and personality traits to assess factors affecting the knowledge-sharing behaviour of pharmacists in Oyo State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted, with the use of a structured questionnaire as the data collection instrument. Relevant descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were carried out on the collected data. The findings revealed that there is a positive relationship between attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, openness to experience, agreeableness and knowledge-sharing behaviour. This implies that pharmacists whose personality traits tend towards openness to experience and agreeableness will share their knowledge more readily than those whose personality traits do not. Also, pharmacists’ knowledge-sharing behaviour can be enhanced through improvements in their attitude towards knowledge sharing, subjective norms and their perceived behavioural control.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T03:28:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620919783
  • Library and information science research in Pakistan: A bibliometric
           analysis, 1957–2018
    • Authors: Nadeem Siddique, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Muhammad Ajmal Khan, Asif Altaf
      First page: 89
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      This article reviews 62 years (1957–2018) of research in library and information science in Pakistan. A comprehensive bibliometric study was conducted using the four leading databases (Web of Science, Scopus, Library and Information Science s, and Library, Information Science and Technology s). The researchers found a positive upward trend. Library research is on the rise in Pakistan. The Department of Information Management at the University of the Punjab is the major contributor to the library and information science literature. Forty percent of the total publications were published in two Pakistani journals. Older and well-established institutions like the University of the Punjab and the University of Karachi have taken the lead in publishing research. The Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces require more focus and funding.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T03:28:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620921930
  • From mutual awareness to collaboration: Academic libraries and autism
           support programs
    • Authors: Amelia Anderson
      First page: 103
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Libraries are designed to support the communities and populations they serve through access to services and materials. Along with supporting faculty and staff, academic libraries work to serve the needs of their students. Academic libraries can be a welcoming environment for college students in general, and some studies are beginning to show that this is particularly true for autistic students, who use the library to pursue special interests, as an escape from a bustling sensory environment on campus, and, of course, for studying and pursuing academic success. Through semi-structured interviews, this study sought to better understand how academic librarians are working together with autism student support programs to provide more targeted services and support. In this study, the researcher reached out to autism support programs for college students across the USA to learn about library involvement. The findings suggest that academic librarians are interested in better understanding the preferences of autistic students and collaborating across campus to provide more inclusive services. Additionally, administrators of autism support programs demonstrated interest in learning more about how the library could be a strong collaborator, suggesting broad practical implications for the results of this study.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T03:27:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620918628
  • Medical students’ attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of
           mobile learning: A comparative information-need perspective
    • Authors: Xin Zhang, Patrick Lo, Stuart So, Dickson KW Chiu, Tin Nok Leung, Kevin KW Ho, Andrew Stark
      First page: 116
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The rapid development of information and communication technologies has revolutionized the lifestyles and learning practices of the younger population worldwide. Various new mobile platforms and forms of social media have been so pervasive and influential in the world of higher education that they have contributed much to the training of the next generation of medical professionals. As such, the current study aimed to compare the adoption of mobile learning amongst three groups of medical science students at the University of Hong Kong – namely, students majoring in Clinical Science, Chinese Medicine and Nursing. For this study, the authors used a questionnaire survey to collect a total of 150 responses. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation test and multiple regression analysis. The results from the study revealed that the students in the three different medical majors at the University of Hong Kong engaged with their mobile devices at slightly different levels. Although a few significant differences were found, Clinical Science students tended to have more diverse information needs and use their mobile devices for a variety of learning-related activities. In comparison, Chinese Medicine students indicated that they were less active users of mobile devices in terms of both learning and non-learning activities.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-15T03:40:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620925547
  • Digital library evaluation measures in academic settings: Perspectives
           from scholars and practitioners
    • Authors: Iris Xie, Soohyung Joo, Krystyna K Matusiak
      First page: 130
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      Evaluation criteria and appropriate measures are critical to the success of digital library evaluation. The key problem is a lack of specific measures, especially from a heuristic perspective, corresponding to diverse dimensions and criteria. This study explored a variety of measures for digital library evaluation focusing on their appropriateness. It also compared the similarities and differences in perceptions of the appropriateness of digital library evaluation measures of two groups. Sixty-one participants were recruited representing scholars and academic digital librarians. The participants were instructed to fill in an in-depth survey consisting of 174 measures associated with 10 evaluation dimensions and 82 criteria. The findings of this study highlight the most appropriate measures in each dimension and show significant agreement in identifying appropriate measures by digital library scholars and librarians. Differences in the rating of the measures were found between the two groups in the dimensions of “interface design,” “system and technology,” “effects on users,” “administration,” “user engagement,” and “context.” The significance of this study lies not only in the integration of the perspectives on measures from both researchers and practitioners, but also in providing an inclusive list of measures to guide practitioners to effectively evaluate digital libraries in academic settings.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-25T03:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620935505
  • Neutrality in public libraries: How are we defining one of our core
    • Authors: Dani Scott, Laura Saunders
      First page: 153
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, library professionals have been struggling with the idea of neutrality, debating whether it is even possible to achieve and, if so, whether it is desirable. This study examined public librarians’ definitions of “neutrality” and asked questions about how this “neutrality” affects their work in libraries. A total of 540 US library workers from 40 different states responded. The most commonly held definition was “being objective in providing information.” Although definitions varied somewhat, there was a high level of agreement with what constitutes neutrality across different scenarios. There were also indications of conflict between personal beliefs and professional values.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-30T08:52:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620935501
  • Access to library services and facilities by persons with disability:
           Insights from academic libraries in Ghana
    • Authors: Daniel Azerikatoa Ayoung, Frederic Naazi-Ale Baada, Patrick Baayel
      First page: 167
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      A group of the academic library’s vast untapped clientele to whom more attention is now being paid is persons with disability. Drawing from the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions’ checklist on what constitutes disability-friendly libraries, this study sought to ascertain if academic libraries in the Upper East Region of Ghana have made provisions for persons with disability. The research adopted a qualitative approach. The data used for the analysis is drawn from interviews with respondents, the majority of whom were visually or mobility-impaired, who were purposively selected from 11 tertiary institutions. The findings reveal that academic libraries in the Upper East Region have yet to implement the stipulated regulations of the ratified Persons with Disability Act of Ghana. The majority of libraries are inaccessible to persons with disability beyond the main entrance of the libraries. The biggest challenge is the absence of diverse media information for persons with visual and hearing impairments. Also, the findings reveal that library staff lack adequate knowledge of issues relating to persons with disability and their right to access information. The study highlights the challenges which hinder persons with disability from accessing quality information from libraries. The study, therefore, recommends that relevant state institutions be empowered to implement the ratified Persons with Disability Act in Ghana and increase education among stakeholders on the need to improve access to information for persons with disability. Also, there should be increased investment and allocation of funds to libraries to provide for the information needs of persons with disability.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-22T04:29:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620917723
  • The dance of knowledge management strategies in libraries: The case of the
           libraries of the Iranian universities of medical science
    • Authors: Mojtaba Kaffashan Kakhki, Parvaneh Modiramani, Farzaneh Aminpour, Shahrbanoo Sadeghi-Gourji, Emad Ebrahimzadeh
      First page: 181
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.
      The success of any organization is highly dependent on choosing the right strategic orientation. The main objectives of the present study were to identify appropriate knowledge management strategies and their subsystems in the libraries of Iranian universities of medical science, and to examine their level of strategic alignment. The study population consisted of 55 managers and 225 librarians working at 33 central libraries in Iranian universities of medical science. In order to carry out the research, two questionnaires were initially designed to collect information about the dominant system strategies and knowledge management subsystems. Then, the means of the sum of the items that were planned for each strategy were calculated, the highest means in each group were considered as the basis for determining the dominant strategy, and the levels of alignment between the different strategies were assessed. The results showed that, with regard to the degree of dynamism, maintaining the status quo was the dominant strategy of the knowledge management system in the selected academic libraries, and with regard to the knowledge acquisition and identification subsystem, passive was the dominant strategy. Externalization was the dominant strategy related to the knowledge creation and transfer subsystem, and static was the dominant strategy related to the knowledge application subsystem. As for the level of alignment between the strategies, the results revealed that the strategic alignment is at an average level. Based on the findings, improving the existing conditions in these libraries requires a transition from traditional knowledge management approaches towards more modern approaches, as well as the selection of optimal implementation strategies for the knowledge management system and subsystems.
      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T03:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620919789
  • Book review: Lea Shaver, Ending book hunger: Access to print and across
           barriers of class and culture
    • Authors: Marc Kosciejew
      First page: 203
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-11-13T09:07:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620970796
  • Book review: Richard Ovenden, Burning the books: A history of knowledge
           under attack
    • Authors: Charles Oppenheim
      First page: 206
      Abstract: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science
      PubDate: 2020-11-11T06:48:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0961000620970799
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