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Journal Cover Health Information and Libraries Journal
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1471-1834 - ISSN (Online) 1471-1842
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1579 journals]
  • Health information practice: integrating, inspiring and innovating
    • Authors: Audrey Marshall
      Abstract: The 2017 virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal (HILJ) is published to link to the 12th International Congress on Medical Librarianship and the 2017 EAHIL Workshop taking place in Dublin, Ireland on 12–16 June 2017. The conference title is Diversity in Practice: integrating, inspiring and innovative and it is exploring how health science librarianship, in all its diversity, is integrating, inspiring and innovating practice. These themes have been used to compile this virtual issue, which contains published articles selected from HILJ from the June 2014 issue through to September 2016. The virtual issue mirrors the format of a regular issue of HILJ, namely a review article, six original articles and our three regular features: ‘Dissertations into Practice’, ‘International Perspectives and Initiatives’ and ‘Teaching and Learning in Action’. All articles included in this virtual issue are available free online.
      PubDate: 2017-04-25T00:35:28.351362-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12182
  • Factors affecting smartphone adoption for accessing information in medical
    • Authors: Iman Tahamtan; Sara Pajouhanfar, Shahram Sedghi, Mohsen Azad, Masoud Roudbari
      Abstract: ObjectivesThis study aimed to acquire knowledge about the factors affecting smartphone adoption for accessing information in medical settings in Iranian Hospitals.MethodsA qualitative and quantitative approach was used to conduct this study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 medical residents and interns in 2013 to identify determinant factors for smartphone adoption. Afterwards, nine relationships were hypothesised. We developed a questionnaire to test these hypotheses and to evaluate the importance of each factor. Structural equation modelling was used to analyse the causal relations between model parameters and to accurately identify determinant factors.ResultsEight factors were identified in the qualitative phase of the study, including perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, training, internal environment, personal experience, social impacts, observability and job related characteristics. Among the studied factors, perceived usefulness, personal experience and job related characteristics were significantly associated with attitude to use a smartphone which accounted for 64% of the variance in attitude. Perceived usefulness had the strongest impact on attitude to use a smartphone.ConclusionThe factors that emerged from interviews were consistent with the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and some previous studies. TAM is a reliable model for understanding the factors of smartphone acceptance in medical settings.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13T00:45:23.827119-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12174
  • Tracing the ‘grey literature’ of poster presentations: a
           mapping review
    • Authors: Nicholas Rowe
      Abstract: BackgroundPosters are a popular way of presenting information at conferences. However, little research has been conducted into their development, and the patterns and extent of their use are unclear.ObjectivesA mapping review was performed to chart the development and utilisation of the poster medium, and to highlight the main literature themes and contributions.MethodsA search for the term ‘poster presentation’ was conducted simultaneously in 249 databases. Results were categorised by discipline and analysed by decade. The results were used to form an informetric-based mapping review.Results(i) Medicine and health care disciplines are the predominant poster users and since 1990 have accounted for 68–75% of the overall published data. (ii) Over 99% of the returns led only to abstract or title citations for conference posters. (iii) Poster presentations offer much potentially useful information, but remain difficult to access.ConclusionsIf the aim of poster presentation is to share and discuss information with others, then the limitations of poster abstracts and questions raised in the retrieved literature suggest that further efforts are required to make this more effective. Library and information specialists of all disciplines are likely to play a key role in such developments, and especially those from the medicine and health care disciplines which feature so prominently.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06T04:30:50.233986-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12177
  • Database selection in systematic reviews: an insight through clinical
    • Authors: Matt Vassar; Vadim Yerokhin, Philip Marcus Sinnett, Matthew Weiher, Halie Muckelrath, Branden Carr, Laura Varney, Gregory Cook
      Abstract: BackgroundFailure to perform a comprehensive search when designing a systematic review (SR) can lead to bias, reducing the validity of review's conclusions.ObjectiveWe examined the frequency and choice of databases used by reviewers in clinical neurology.MethodsNinety-five SRs and/or meta-analyses were located across five prominent neurology journals between 2008 and 2014. Methods sections were reviewed, and all bibliographic databases were coded.ResultsOn average, 2.59 databases were used in SR searches. Seven reviews included an information specialist, and these reviews reported a greater number of information sources used during the search process. Thirty-nine databases were reported across studies. PubMed/MEDLINE® and EMBASE were cited most frequently.DiscussionSearching too few databases may reduce the validity and generalisability of SR results. We found that the majority of systematic reviewers in clinical neurology do not search an adequate number of databases, which may yield a biased sample of primary studies and, thus, may influence the accuracy of summary effects.ConclusionsSystematic reviewers should aim to search a sufficient number of databases to minimise selection bias. Additionally, systematic reviewers should include information specialists in designing SR methodology, as this may improve systematic review quality.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06T04:30:30.033877-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12176
  • Shaping the professional landscape through research, advocacy and
           education – an Australian perspective
    • Authors: Gemma Siemensma; Ann Ritchie, Suzanne Lewis
      Abstract: This article is the first in a new series in this regular feature. The intention of the series is to look at important global developments in health science libraries. Librarians will be invited to share with HILJ readers key initiatives in their country or region. These articles should serve as a road map, describing the key changes in the field and exploring factors driving these changes. We initiate this series with an article by three Australian librarians who use research findings to depict the evolving professional landscape in their country. The starting point of their analysis is a report completed in 2011 which looked into likely future workforce and education requirements for health library professionals. The authors trace the achievements since then, most notably in the areas of research, advocacy and education. Clearly, a great deal has been achieved leading to a greater return on investment. The authors maintain that the key to shaping the profession and enhancing the status of librarians is ongoing professional development. To this end, Australia is promoting a systematic, competency based health specialist certification. Finally, they identify trends impacting on health librarianship, such as the growing importance of research data management and consumer health literacy.JM
      PubDate: 2017-04-06T04:30:26.812677-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12180
  • Development and testing of a medline search filter for identifying patient
           and public involvement in health research
    • Authors: Morwenna Rogers; Alison Bethel, Kate Boddy
      Abstract: BackgroundResearch involving the public as partners often proves difficult to locate due to the variations in terms used to describe public involvement, and inability of medical databases to index this concept effectively.ObjectiveTo design a search filter to identify literature where patient and public involvement (PPI) was used in health research.MethodsA reference standard of 172 PPI papers was formed. The references were divided into a development set and a test set. Search terms were identified from common words, phrases and synonyms in the development set. These terms were combined as a search strategy for medline via OvidSP, which was then tested for sensitivity against the test set. The resultant search filter was then assessed for sensitivity, specificity and precision using a previously published systematic review.ResultsThe search filter was found to be highly sensitive 98.5% in initial testing. When tested against results generated by a ‘real-life’ systematic review, the filter had a specificity of 81%. However, sensitivity dropped to 58%. Adjustments to the population group of terms increased the sensitivity to 73%.ConclusionThe PPI filter designed for medline via OvidSP could aid information specialists and researchers trying to find literature specific to PPI.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01T22:30:36.602692-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12157
  • Ten years of reviews
    • Authors: Maria J. Grant
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: The March 2017 issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal marks the 10 year anniversary of the inaugural review published in the journal's review series. The review series was conceived to meet the growing appetite of health library and information workers to access synthesised evidence to inform their practice; something we'd already been doing to support medics in their practice. This editorial looks back on the 10 years and the inspiration which saw the development of a typology of review types and associated methodologies to address the lack of consistent guidelines on the features a review should incorporate.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28T00:12:26.076216-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12175
  • Assistive technology for people with dementia: an overview and
           bibliometric study
    • Authors: Ikram Asghar; Shuang Cang, Hongnian Yu
      Pages: 5 - 19
      Abstract: BackgroundThis study presents an overview of recent research activities in assistive technology (AT) for people with dementia. Bibliometric studies are used to explore breadth and depth of different research areas, yet this method has not yet been fully utilised in AT research for people with dementia.MethodsThe bibliometric method was used for collecting studies related to AT. Based on inclusion/exclusion criteria, the AT studies with a focus on people with dementia are considered.Study ScopeThe study is based on factors such as number of publications, citations per paper, collaborative research output, P-Index, major research and application areas and national dementia strategies.Data CollectionData were collected from 2000 to 2014 in AT research. The top 10 countries are selected based on their research outputs.ResultsUSA emerged as the leading contributor with 503 publications and an annual growth rate of 16%, followed by UK with 399 publications and growth rate of 22%. Germany with 101 publications is on the 6th place, but it has a higher citation rate 16.43% as compared to USA (13.34%). Although all 10 countries show good collaborative research output, Italy, Spain and the Netherlands emerge as top collaborative research contributors with high percentages (84%, 84% and 79%). All the top 10 countries, except Canada, Germany and Spain, have national dementia strategies in place.ConclusionThe overall analysis shows that USA and UK are working extensively in AT research for people with dementia. Both these countries also have well established national dementia strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T03:30:25.909358-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12173
  • Supporting the library and information needs of UWE health and social care
           students on placement
    • Authors: Caroline Plaice; Jon Lloyd, Pauline Shaw
      Pages: 32 - 44
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe aim of this research was to explore the library and information needs of health and social care students whilst on placement.MethodsBoth desk and primary research were conducted and included an online questionnaire to students and semi-structured interviews.ResultsThe questionnaire was completed by 252 students from a variety of programmes, equivalent to a 10% response rate. The results indicate a wide range of factors impacting on the library and information experiences of students. Whilst differences in the availability of a physical library in hospital or community locations still exist, these are mitigated by technology and a preference for home study. A significant result is that 77% (n = 193) of students on placement study at home, using a variety of Internet-connected devices. This highlights a marked change in practice and underlines the need for mobile-compliant e-resources and accessible at-a-distance services.ConclusionAs a result of this research, practical recommendations on how library support can be improved were developed including enhanced collaboration and learning with NHS colleagues, and knowledge sharing with other departments within the University who support our students.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28T00:12:27.308889-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12171
  • Negotiating concepts of evidence-based practice in the provision of good
           service for nursing and allied health professionals
    • Authors: Jill McTavish
      Pages: 45 - 57
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe principles of evidence-based medicine have been critiqued by the ‘caring’ professions, such as nursing and social work, and evidence-informed medicine has been proposed as a more client-centred, integrative approach to practice. The purpose of this study was to explore how Canadian health science librarians who serve nurses and allied health professionals define good service and how they negotiate evidence-based principles in their searching strategies.MethodTwenty-two librarians completed a 30 minute, semi-structured phone interview about strategies for providing good service and supporting evidence-based services. Participants were also asked to respond to three challenging search scenarios. Analysis of results used grounded theory methods.ResultsParticipants’ definitions of good service and strategies for supporting evidence-based practice involved discussions about types of services provided, aspects of the librarian providing the service and aspects of the information provided during the service. Analysis of search scenarios revealed four justifications librarians rely upon when providing evidence that is in opposition to what their patron hopes to receive (evidentiary, ethical, practice-based and boundaries of the profession).ConclusionThe findings of this study suggest that health science librarians are both constrained and enabled by the principles of evidence-based medicine and especially by understandings of ‘best evidence’.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01T22:30:42.013479-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12167
  • Online information search behaviour of physicians
    • Authors: Patrick Mikalef; Panos E. Kourouthanassis, Adamantia G. Pateli
      Pages: 58 - 73
      Abstract: BackgroundAlthough doctors increasingly engage in online information seeking to complement their medical practice, little is known regarding what online information sources are used and how effective they are.ObjectiveGrounded on self-determination and needs theory, this study posits that doctors tend to use online information sources to fulfil their information requirements in three pre-defined areas: patient care, knowledge development and research activities. Fulfilling these information needs is argued to improve doctors' perceived medical practice competence.MethodsPerforming PLS-SEM analysis on primary survey data from 303 medical doctors practicing in four major Greek hospitals, a conceptual model is empirically tested.ResultsUsing authoritative online information sources was found to fulfil all types of information needs. Contrarily, using non-authoritative information sources had no significant effect. Satisfying information requirements relating to patient care and research activities enhanced doctors' perceptions about their medical practice competence. In contrast, meeting knowledge development information needs had the opposite result.DiscussionConsistent with past studies, outcomes indicate that doctors tend to use non-authoritative online information sources; yet their use was found to have no significant value in fulfilling their information requirements.ConclusionsAuthoritative online information sources are found to improve perceived medical practice competence by satisfying doctors' diverse information requirements.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07T00:50:27.546275-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12170
  • Knowledge into action – supporting the implementation of evidence
           into practice in Scotland
    • Authors: Sandra Davies; Paul Herbert, Ann Wales, Karen Ritchie, Suzanne Wilson, Laura Dobie, Annette Thain
      Pages: 74 - 85
      Abstract: BackgroundThe knowledge into action model for NHS Scotland provides a framework for librarians and health care staff to support getting evidence into practice. Central to this model is the development of a network of knowledge brokers to facilitate identification, use, creation and sharing of knowledge.ObjectiveTo translate the concepts described in the model into tangible activities with the intention of supporting better use of evidence in health care and subsequently improving patient outcomes.MethodsFour areas of activity were addressed by small working groups comprising knowledge services staff in local and national boards. The areas of activity were as follows: defining existing and required capabilities and developing learning opportunities for the knowledge broker network; establishing national search and summarising services; developing actionable knowledge tools; and supporting person-to-person knowledge sharing.ConclusionThis work presents the development of practical tools and support to translate a conceptual model for getting knowledge into action into a series of activities and outputs to support better use of evidence in health care and subsequently improved patient outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01T22:30:40.808045-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12159
  • The role of information therapy in reducing anxiety in patients undergoing
           in vitro fertilisation treatment
    • Authors: Sara Ahmadizadeh; Ashraf Sadat Bozorgi, Ladan Kashani
      Pages: 86 - 91
      Abstract: This article is the first in the feature to come from Iran. The lead author, Sara Ahmadizadeh, manages the Library at Arash Women's Hospital and was awarded an MA in Information Science and Knowledge and Librarianship from Tehran Azad University in July 2015. Her MA dissertation was innovative and ambitious in that it looked at the impact of information therapy on levels of anxiety amongst women undergoing IVF treatment. Her study demonstrated that quality information sessions, delivered in a structured way, can have a positive impact on patients’ awareness of their condition and can reduce anxiety.A. M.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28T00:12:27.112485-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12169
  • International trends in health science librarianship part 20: Russia
    • Authors: Jeannette Murphy; Serge Jargin
      Pages: 92 - 94
      Abstract: This is the last in a series of articles exploring international trends in health science librarianship in the 21st century. The focus of the present issue is Russia. The next feature column will initiate a new series entitled New Directions in Health Science Librarianship. The first contribution will be from Australia.JM
      PubDate: 2017-02-28T00:12:26.265346-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12172
  • Delivering information skills training at a health professionals
           continuing professional development conference: an evaluation
    • Authors: Aoife Lawton; Padraig Manning, Fiona Lawler
      Pages: 95 - 101
      Abstract: In this feature, guest writer Aoife Lawton discusses the outcomes of an information skills workshop delivered at a continuing professional development conference for health and social care professionals in Ireland. The primary aim of the study was to evaluate perceptions of the effectiveness of the workshop. The study provides details of how, through collaborative partnership, the workshop was developed and delivered. Application of an adapted version of the Kirkpatrick model of evaluation is presented alongside details of what impact the event had on the attendees both immediately after the workshop and 3 months post-workshop. The authors also reflect on the benefits delivery of the workshops had for professional health library practice and service improvement.H. S.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28T00:12:24.502111-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12168
  • Where people look for online health information
    • Authors: Susan A. LaValley; Marc T. Kiviniemi, Elizabeth A. Gage-Bouchard
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo identify health-related websites Americans are using, demographic characteristics associated with certain website type and how website type shapes users’ online information seeking experiences.MethodsData from the Health Information National Trends Survey 4 Cycle 1 were used. User-identified websites were categorised into four types: government sponsored, commercially based, academically affiliated and search engines. Logistic regression analyses examined associations between users’ sociodemographic characteristics and website type, and associations between website type and information search experience.ResultsRespondents reported using: commercial websites (71.8%), followed by a search engines (11.6%), academically affiliated sites (11.1%) and government-sponsored websites (5.5%). Older age was associated with the use of academic websites (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02, 1.04); younger age with commercial website use (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.95, 0.98). Search engine use predicted increased levels of frustration, effort and concern over website information quality, while commercial website use predicted decreased levels of these same measures.DiscussionHealth information seekers experience varying levels of frustration, effort and concern related to their online searching.ConclusionThere is a need for continued efforts by librarians and health care professionals to train seekers of online health information to select websites using established guidelines and quality criteria.
      PubDate: 2016-05-21T01:10:24.367799-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12143
  • The potential of educational comics as a health information medium
    • Authors: Sarah McNicol
      Pages: 20 - 31
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo investigate ways in which educational comics might provide support in dealing with feelings and attitudes towards health conditions, as well as improving understanding of factual information and to identify potential weakness of comics as a medium for health information.MethodsSemi-structured interviewees with eleven university students who either had a mental or physical health condition themselves or had a family member with a health condition.ResultsThe result highlighted the potential value of comics as a format for health information. In addition to conveying factual information, comics offer opportunities for self-awareness, reassurance, empathy, companionship and a means to explore the impact of illness on family relationships. However, there are notable barriers to the greater use of comics to provide health information, namely, a lack of awareness of, and easy access to, educational comics, along with the perception that comics are exclusively light-hearted and for children.ConclusionsCurrently, the full potential of comics in health settings is not being realised. Health information professionals may be in a position to address this issue through identifying, cataloguing, indexing and promoting comics as a legitimate format for health information.
      PubDate: 2016-06-13T06:40:23.820038-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12145
  • Engaging in research: challenges and opportunities for health library and
           information professionals
    • Authors: Jeannette Murphy
      Abstract: This year's virtual issue (the 6th in the series) has been published to coincide with the European Association for Health Information and Libraries’ (EAHIL) 2015 workshop (10–12 June, Edinburgh): Research-Minded: Understanding, Supporting, Conducting Research. This event is being run in collaboration with the International Conference of Animal Health Information Specialists and the International Clinical Librarian Conference. Although research has always been a central part of any librarian's role, until recently health librarians and library users and funding bodies assumed that librarians were ‘midwives’ – there to assist students, clinicians, academics and managers set up and carry out their research. The notion of the librarian as a professional with a research agenda, who understands research methods, submits research grants, and publishes, is a relatively new perspective. If librarians are to take an evidence-based approach to their profession they need to acquire research skills. This is the rationale for the 2015 EAHIL workshop. To support the workshop, this virtual issue contains six original articles published in Health Information and Libraries Journal over the last 2 years that demonstrate the range of research activities carried out by health librarians, as well as a review article and articles from each of the three feature columns. All articles included in this virtual issue are available free online.
      PubDate: 2015-05-18T01:32:32.651627-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12107
  • The role of the health information professional
    • Authors: Audrey Marshall
      Abstract: This virtual issue has been published to mark the CILIP Health Libraries Group 2014 Conference, taking place in Oxford on 24th and 25th July 2014. The issue's theme is to highlight the key role of the health information professional and it shines a spotlight on professional expertise, demonstrating what we can share and learn from each other. It comprises a collection of articles published in the Health Information and Libraries Journal during the last 2 years but is very much about looking forward. The articles selected embrace three main themes: new ways of working; acquiring new skills and competencies; and fine-tuning existing skills and practices. The virtual issue mirrors the format of the regular journal, namely a review article, six original articles and the three regular features, covering Dissertations into Practice, International Perspectives and Initiatives and Learning and Teaching in Action. All articles included in this virtual issue are available free online.
      PubDate: 2014-07-15T04:57:19.233051-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12077
  • Editorial: patient information comes of age
    • Authors: Jeannette Murphy
      Abstract: This virtual issue (VI) has been assembled to coincide with the 8th Annual Patient Information Conference 2013 organised by the UK Patient Information Forum (PiF). The conference theme ‘Information and support – a service in its own right’ is a response to policy documents and initiatives in both Scotland and England which signal the coming of age of patient/consumer information. The VI consists of a collection of open access articles and addresses the question ‘What can health science librarians do to ensure that the public are able to find, appraise and use health information'’ This material provides research evidence, and examples of the types of initiatives librarians have undertaken to make information a health and care service in its own right. Two recurrent messages are that health science librarians need to form partnerships with healthcare providers and they have a role to play in improving health literacy skills.J.M.
      PubDate: 2013-04-29T07:08:43.197616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/hir.12027
  • Increasing impact in a time of decreasing budgets
    • Authors: Anthea Sutton
      Abstract: This virtual issue (VI) has been compiled to mark the CILIP Health Libraries Group Conference 2012. In line with the conference theme: ‘Health libraries under the microscope: perfecting your formula', the VI is a collection of 10 articles and regular features that have been published in Health Information and Libraries Journal in the last 2 years. The VI focuses specifically on the topics of impact, value and cost-effectiveness. All the articles and regular features contained in this VI are freely available online.
      PubDate: 2012-06-21T01:37:48.666063-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2012.00994.x
  • Meeting the challenges of clinical information provision
    • Authors: Hannah Spring
      Abstract: This virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal (HILJ) has been compiled to mark the 5th International Clinical Librarian Conference 2011. In considering the challenges of clinical information provision, the content selected for the virtual issue offers an international flavour of clinical information provision and covers a variety of different facets of clinical librarianship. The issue broadly covers the areas of information needs and preferences, clinical librarian roles and services, and education and training, and reflects the way in which a normal issue of the HILJ would be presented. This includes a review article, a collection of original articles, and the three regular features which comprise International Perspectives and Initiatives, Learning and Teaching in Action, and Using Evidence in Practice. All papers included in this virtual issue are available free online.
      PubDate: 2011-05-12T05:18:25.839119-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2011.00941.x
  • Celebrating the role of health information
    • Authors: Maria J. Grant
      Abstract: This inaugural virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal (HILJ) celebrates the contribution of health information in informing health and social care library and information provision. It has been drawn together to reflect the 2010 biennial Health Libraries Group conference theme of Keeping Information Centre Stage Amid Changing Scenery and includes a series of eleven key papers published in the journal over the last two years. This virtual issue mirrors the usual format of a journal issue with a review article, original articles and regular features on Learning and Teaching in Action, Using Evidence in Practice and International Perspectives and Initiatives. All papers included in this virtual issue of Health Information and Libraries Journal are available free online.
      PubDate: 2010-06-29T00:00:00-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2010.00906.x
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