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Medical Integrated Student Research Journal
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2537-0227 - ISSN (Online) 2537-0235
Published by Ain Shams University Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Violence against Physicians and Nurses in a University Hospital’s
           Emergency Departments in Egypt: A Cross - Sectional Study

    • Abstract: Background: Violence against health care workers negatively affects their performance and the quality of care provided to the patients. Objective: To measure the prevalence of workplace violence against a sample of physicians and nurses in the emergency departments, to identify the victims’ responses and measures taken by the employee, and the available safety measures. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in a university hospital in Egypt using a modified version of the workplace violence in the health sector survey developed by ILO/ICN/WHO/PSI. A convenience sample of 178 physicians and nurses were included in the study. SPSS version 23 was used for statistical analysis. Results: 178 physicians and nurses participated in the study (16.3% nurses, 39.3% interns, 44.4% physicians), 57.5% of them were females and 76.1% were single.  During the 12 months before the survey, 62.4 % of the participants faced verbal violence, followed by physical violence (19.7 %) and sexual harassment (10.7%). The main perpetrator in all three types of violence was the patients’ relatives. The main response to physical and verbal violence was calling the security (55.2% and 38.0% respectively) while in sexual violence was telling the person to stop (36.8%). The main procedures available to protect against violence were the presence of security measures (74.9%) and the presence of special equipment or clothing (79.4%). Physicians and nurses of older age and longer duration of work were at higher risk to physical and verbal abuse. Nurses were at higher risk of being attacked physically while physicians were at higher risk of verbal Violence. Conclusion: Violence against health care workers is prevalent in emergency departments. This research data highlight that there is an urgent need for more effort and policies to protect the emergency staff.
  • Prevalence of arthritis among a sample of medical students at Faculty of
           Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt; A Cross-Sectional study.

    • Abstract: Background: Osteoarthritis is highly endemic disease in Egypt. In high income countries higher arthritis prevalence is associated with low social class, however in low to middle income countries less is known about arthritis prevalence or its predisposing factors. Objective: To measure the prevalence of arthritis among a sample of medical students at Ain Shams University and to identify its probable associated risk factors. Methods:A cross sectional study was carried out at Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University. A convenience sample of 340 students was selected. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Arthritis was assessed using 2 diagnostic methods:  1) doctor-/health care provider–diagnosed arthritis. 2) Four arthritis definitions based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision and WHO. Collected data were revised, coded, entered to a personal computer and analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results:The total prevalence of arthritis among the studied students was 8.9% based on both doctor diagnosis and WHO algorithm (7.1% based on doctor diagnosis and 2.1% based on WHO algorithm).  Logistic regression analysis revealed that, residence in urban areas and female gender were the two independent risk factors associated with arthritis (p<0.05).   Conclusion Findings suggest that further studied are needed across this age group, and proper interventions are needed to overcome the consequences of arthritis later in life.
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