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Medical and Health Science Journal
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2549-7588 - ISSN (Online) 2549-7596
Published by Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya Homepage  [1 journal]

    • Authors: Eppy Setiyowati, Ni Njoman Juliasih, Renny Mareta Sari
      Abstract: Introduction Coronavirus virus disease pandemic 2019 (Covid-19) has not shown improved health conditions, it is necessary to conduct an in-depth survey of public knowledge in carrying out healthy living behaviors after the Covid-19 pandemic. Clean and healthy living behavior is one of the efforts in maintaining personal and environmental hygiene. The purpose of the study was to conduct an analysis of public knowledge about clean and healthy living behaviors after the covid-19 pandemic. Method Design used in qualitative research with explanatory survey approach. The technique of sampling snowballs over the internet online, an anonymous online instrument was developed using google form. Questionnaire links were sent via email, WhatsApp, and other social networks through researchers. The instrument packaged in structured questioner form (included as an additional file) consists of questions covering several fields: (1) sociodemographic data (age, gender and level of education), (2) New normal behavior habits include wearing a mask, washing hands with soap or hand sanitizer, social distancing, Do not a crowd with many people, keep the environment around the residence always clean and healthy, packaged in google form. Data recapitulation and processing are carried out with the help of IT, then qualitative analysis. Research Results In this study, we conducted explorations related to sociodemographic, environmental hygiene around the place, healthy behavior habits including, wearing masks, hand washing, social distancing, availability of facilities for hand washing with hand sanitizer or hand washing with running water. The results showed that the community has carried out new normal behavior with awareness without any compulsion from anywhere. Thus new normal behavior includes, wearing masks, washing hands with running water or hand sanitizer and social distancing has become a new habit in order to break the chain of spread of 'covid 19. Conclusion With a better understanding of the new normal behavior, people are able to break the indirect chain of transmission of COVID-19 in everyday life
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Response Time of Trauma and non Trauma Patients Handling in Emergency
           Room Surabaya

    • Authors: Yuani Setiawati, Maya Hapsari Kusumaningtyas, Annete d’Arqom
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Background: Emergency room is one of the unit services in hospitals that provide first services in patients with threat of disability or even death. Emergency room is a service unit in hospital with 24 service hours for 7 days in a week. The high risk and working hours in the emergency room requires the medical personnel that have a good response times in triage room. Objective: To compare response time of medical personnel when handling trauma and non trauma patients in the emergency room. Method: A non-experimental, quantitative research methods using analytic observational. The population of this study was patient in emergency room Soetomo hospital Surabaya. The amount of the sample was 244 which divided into 41 trauma case and 203 non trauma case. Result: Response time of patients with trauma injuries that include quick category (< 5 minutes) amounted to 35 patients and 6 patients in slow category (> 5 minutes) with average response times of trauma patients is 6.244 minutes. Response time of patients with non trauma injuries that include quick category (< 5 minutes) amounted to 161 patients and 42 patients in slow category (>5 minutes) with average response times of non trauma patients is 3.722 minutes. The p value response times of medical personnel in dealing with trauma and non-trauma patients is 0.374 (> 0.05) which means there is no difference in response times from medical personnel in handling trauma and non-trauma patients. Conclusion: There was no difference in the response time of medical personnel in trauma and non-traumatic patients handling (p>0,05). Overall, it was found that the average emergency room’s response time at Soetomo hospital was 4.15 minutes, still meeting the applicable standards.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2154
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Relationship between LBW and the incidence of stunting in toddlers aged
           1-3 years at the Minasa Upa Health Center, Rappocini district

    • Authors: Athiyah Ulya Arif, Purnamaniswaty Yunus, Syatirah Jalaluddin
      Pages: 7 - 14
      Abstract: Background: Stunting is a long-term effect of chronic malnutrition that causes disturbances in a person's physical growth which is characterized by a decrease in growth speed. Unbalanced food intake, LBW (Low Birth Weight Babies), and a history of the disease are the three main factors that play a role in the incidence of stunting. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between a history of LBW and the incidence of stunting for toddlers aged 1-3 years at the Minasa Upa Health Center in 2019. Methods: This research is a quantitative study with an observational approach, using a cross-sectional method. Samples were taken by the purposive sampling method. The number of samples is 134 children with the mother of the child as the respondent. The data were processed and analyzed using the Chi-square p<0.05 test in the SPSS program. Results: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between a history of low birth weight and stunting (p = 0.000) with an OR value of 18.8 which means that children aged 1-3 years who have a history of low birth weight have a risk of 18.8 times experiencing stunting. Interventions that focus on maternal and child health care are needed to reduce the risk of babies with low birth weight and stunting, as well as raise awareness of mothers about the importance of good nutrition for mothers and their children. Conclusion: Based on this study, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between a history of LBW and the incidence of stunting in toddlers 1-3 years at the Minasa Upa Public Health Centre.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2698
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Effectiveness of the Implementation of Kangaroo Treatment Method in
           Increasing the Weight Gain of Newborns with LBW

    • Authors: Cicih Nurcholishah, Syatirah Djalaluddin, Fhirastika Annisha Helvian
      Pages: 15 - 22
      Abstract: Background: Low body weight (LBW) cases have continuously occurred. However, some newborns with LBW could not afford good and hightechnological health services due to several barriers such as cost, geography, transportation, and communication barriers. Incubator replacement through kangaroo treatment method is considered to be an effective and economical alternative in which the weight gain in newborns with LBW could be enhanced. Kangaroo care method can be used in treating newborns with low birth weight. The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of the implementation of the kangaroo care method in increasing the weight gain of newborn with LBW at the General Hospital of Majene. Methods: The research design used in this study was a pre-experiment with One Group Pretest Posttest Design. The sampling method used in this research was total sampling where 38 samples were selected. This research was conducted at the Regional Hospital of Majene in the Perinatology room. Results: The results of this research indicated that there were significant differences in newborns before and after the implementation of the Kangaroo care method. It was evident that the newborns weight significantly increase with the Kangaroo care method. Therefore, further research should be carried out to investigate the factors which influence the increase of newborns weight. Conclusion: In this study we found that there were significant differences in LBW babies before and after being treated with the kangaroo method (PMK).
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2686
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Effect of Brown Algae (Sargassum sp) Extract on Wound Healing

    • Authors: Tri Wahyuni Bintarti, Meidyta Sinantryana Widyaswari
      Pages: 23 - 32
      Abstract: Backgroud: The wound care method that is currently developing uses the principle of moisture balance which is also known as the modern dressing method. Seaweed is a potential commodity in Indonesia, which has been widely used as a medicinal ingredient. However, the use of seaweed in the form of hydrogel ointment in the treatment of burns has not been widely studied. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effect of giving seaweed extract (Sargassum sp.) in the form of hydrogel ointment to burns. Methods: The design in this study was an experimental study with a randomized post-test only control group design, using musmusculus mice. This study was divided into 4 groups, group 1 was a negative control without treatment, group 2 was a group with burns and was given bioplacenton, group 3 was a burn group treated with 5% Sargassum sp extract hydrogel ointment and group 4 was a burn group given 5% ointment. Sargassum sp extract hydrogel ointment 10%. The treatment was carried out for 14 days and evaluated the diameter of the burn and the percentage of burn healing. Results: The results of this study showed that the difference in burn diameter at 0 days and after 14 days in the negative control group experienced a difference of 1.2 cm with a healing percentage of 44.85%. In treatment group 1, there was a difference in diameter of 1.2 cm, with a healing percentage of 49.41%, the 2-day treatment group obtained a difference in diameter of 1.2 cm, with a healing percentage of 50.31%, and in the positive control group a wound diameter of 1.0 cm, while the percentage of cure is 55.75%. The results of statistical tests on the percentage of wound healing between groups were not significantly different. Conclusion: In this study the seaweed extract (Sargassum sp.) formed in the hydrogel ointment did ot affect the healing of burns, this may be due to the long duration of administration.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2518
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Prevalence of Trichomoniasis in Cervical Cancer Patients

    • Authors: Luh Putu Diah Ayuning, Risma Risma, Prawesty Diah Utami
      Pages: 33 - 40
      Abstract: Backgroud: Trichomoniasis is the most frequent non-viral sexually transmitted disease in the world, and it can lead to persistent HPV infection. Trichomonas vaginalis infection causes damage to the vaginal mucosa, activation of oncogenes and inactivation of tumor suppressor proteins, and production of non-specific oxidants that lead to cervical cancer. This study aims to determine the prevalence of trichomoniasis in cervical cancer patients. Methods: This study uses systematic literature review method and uses 10 international journals obtained through machine learning and indexed in Scimago. Journals are screened through PRISMA and have gone through a critical appraisal process.This study took place from April to September 2021. Results: The prevalence of trichomoniasis in cervical cancer patients ranged from 0.022% to 87.7%, according to the findings of this study. The prevalence results vary due to differences in demographics and diagnostic methods used. Statistical analysis of the association between trichomoniasis and cervical cancer varied between significant and insignificant. Differences in the association are influenced by the research design used, diagnostic methods, and sample of the research. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that the prevalence of trichomoniasis in cervical cancer patients was discovered to be the highest in the study by Ghosh et al. in Kolkata, India (72.6% women with CIN 1, 71.0% women with CIN 2 or CIN 3, and 87.7% women with invasive cancer) and the lowest in the study by Su et al. in Taiwan (0.022%). The association between trichomoniasis and cervical cancer was found to be varied.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2543
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Pregnancy with Early Latent Syphilis, a reality in 21st century: a case
           report and literature review

    • Authors: Eighty Mardiyan Kurniawati, Rizqy Rahmatyah, Velyana Lie, Achmad Rheza
      Pages: 41 - 46
      Abstract: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. It is of special concern during pregnancy because can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes and congenital syphilis. We retrospectively included female patient with laboratory-confirmed syphilis in East Java. Demographic, pregnancy record, clinical, radiological, laboratory, and treatment data were reviewed from medical record and health of both mother and child book. Clinical characteristics and outcome of patient were described. The patient was 40-year-old multiparous pregnant women was referred to the hospital at 40 weeks of gestation due to early latent syphilis. The patient was diagnosed during the last trimester and had not been treated, but no vulvar and anal genital wart was found. Patient was scheduled to urgent section caesarean but 1 hour after admitted to the hospital, patient had spontaneous delivery. A healthy son was born (3400 g /50 cm, 10 points Apgar score). Due to the lack of documentation regarding treatment of maternal syphilis, crystalline penicillin was administered to the newborn. Screening and early penicillin treatment are the most important factors that can eliminate complications related to the prenatal contagion with Treponema pallidum. Yet despite the lack of treatment or its inappropriate administration, the pregnancy complicated with maternal syphilis may end in a completely different way.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2412
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Case Report: Tuberculosis with Pericardial Effusion in Children

    • Authors: Muhammad Ali Shodikin
      Pages: 47 - 52
      Abstract: Background. Tuberculosis pericardial effusion is a rare case in the developed countries. This may cause serious and deadly impact if not diagnosed and treated properly. Appropriates diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis pericardial effusion can prevent mortality. Case.  A 14-years-old boy was admitted with tightness of breath, chest pain, and abdominal enlargement. Chest X-ray revealed heart enlargement and echocardiography showed a massive pericardial effusion. The diameter of induration of tuberculin skin test was 14 mm. This patient was diagnosed as tuberculosis pericardial effusion and showed complete recovery after paricardiocentesis and anti-tuberculosis drugs administration for 12 month. Conclusion. Tuberculosis pericardial effusion should be remembered in cases of tightness of breath with chest x ray revealing heart enlargement. Adequate treatment by pericardiocentesis and anti-tuberculosis drugs can completely cure this disease.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v6i1.2451
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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