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Oxford Open Climate Change
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2634-4068
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [423 journals]
  • Assessing the determinants of smallholder cocoa farmers’ adoption of
           agronomic practices for climate change adaptation in Ghana

    • Abstract: AbstractOver the years, cocoa has been the bedrock of the Ghanaian economy and a source of livelihood for most cocoa farming households. Empirical studies have established that cocoa farmers have begun to adopt various agronomic measures for climate change adaptation. However, factors that influence farmers’ decisions to adopt these agronomic practices to enable successful adaptation to climate change are least investigated. The study aimed at investigating smallholder cocoa farmers’ decisions to adopt agronomic practices for climate change adaptation in Ghana. The study adopted a mixed method approach to research, and involved 259 cocoa farmers. Using the thematic and multivariate probit regression model (MVP) to data analysis, the results revealed that farmers’ decisions to adopt soil conservation, pruning/shade management and planting of new crop varieties are determined by a number of mixed factors including access to agricultural land, access to credit, farmer farm experience and access to extension services. The study recommends the need for the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources together with the traditional authorities and other relevant land sector agencies to develop and implement context-specific and appropriate land-use policy strategies that support access to sustainable land for adoption of climate smart agricultural practices. Again, the study recommends the need for the Ministry of Food and Agriculture to deploy more extension agents into rural cocoa farming communities to take farmers through more pragmatic agronomic practices for climate change adaptation and improves returns in investment in cocoa farming.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/oxfclm/kgac005
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Catalyzing industrial decarbonization: the promissory legitimacy of
           fossil-free Sweden

    • Abstract: AbstractIn 2017, the Swedish parliament adopted a new climate policy framework that lays the foundations for an ambitious decarbonization of all sectors in Swedish society. To live up to the Paris Agreement’s temperature targets, the parliament decided that Sweden should arrive at net zero emissions of greenhouse gases by year 2045 and thereafter aim for net negative emissions. This progressive climate policy agenda is embedded in a strong collaborative discourse. To begin the transition to a fossil-free society, the Swedish government has invited a wide array of actors to join forces in the formulation and implementation of low carbon initiatives. In this article, we examine the fossil-free society as a powerful socio-technical imaginary that underpins this collaborative effort. We trace the promise attached to this future dreamscape and how it is mobilized by the government initiative fossil-free Sweden (FFS) to gain support for industrial decarbonization in the present. Our study draws upon roadmaps produced by FFS together with the Swedish steel, cement and petroleum industry, as well as semi-structured interviews with selected industry actors. We find that the FFS roadmaps work as powerful ‘techniques of futuring’ that invite industry actors to anticipate the risks and opportunities attached to the fossil-free society and at the same time contribute to shaping that society. While effectively involving incumbent actors in the political project of decarbonization, our study suggests that the roadmaps consolidate around an imagined future that is a techno-optimistic extension of the fossil-intensive present.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/oxfclm/kgac004
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Net economic benefits of well-below 2°C scenarios and associated
           uncertainties

    • Abstract: AbstractClimate stabilization pathways reviewed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change depict the transformation challenges and opportunities of a low carbon world. The scenarios provide information about the transition, including its economic repercussions. However, these calculations do not account for the economic benefits of lowering global temperature; thus, only gross policy costs are reported and discussed. Here, we show how to combine low carbon pathways’ mitigation costs with the growing but complex literature quantifying the economic damages of climate change. We apply the framework to the scenarios reviewed in the Special Report on 1.5°C of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Under a probabilistic damage function and climate uncertainty, we show that Paris-compliant trajectories have net present economic benefits but are not statistically different from zero. After mid-century, most scenarios have higher benefits than costs; these net benefits are most prominent in developing countries. We explore the robustness of results to an extensive set of damage functions published in the literature, and for most of the specifications examined, we cannot reject the null hypothesis of net benefits. Future research could improve these results with a better understanding of damage functions with greater coverage of damages and including adaptation and its cost.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/oxfclm/kgac003
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Implications of a net-zero target for India’s sectoral energy
           transitions and climate policy

    • Abstract: AbstractThe IPCC 1.5°C report highlights the criticality of achieving a net-zero (NZ) greenhouse gas future. Many countries have announced their commitments to achieve a NZ future for their economies. India, while doing much more than its ‘fair share’ of mitigation, has yet to announce a NZ year target, presumably owing to the absence of an India-focused analysis on this issue. This study attempts to address this gap by modelling alternative peaking and NZ-year scenarios for India, and highlighting its implications for transition in energy-intensive sectors. We model four combinations of peaking and NZ-year scenarios for India (2030–50, 2030–60, 2040–70, and 2050–80) and a combination of technology availability scenarios related to carbon capture and storage and hydrogen within each of the policy scenarios. We present the implications of these 16 alternative scenarios for the required sectoral transitions across the electricity, transport, building and industrial sectors in India and provide insights for India’s climate policy.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/oxfclm/kgac001
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A climate justice perspective on international labour migration and
           climate change adaptation among Tuvaluan workers

    • Abstract: AbstractResearch on climate change and human mobility has posited migration as a potentially adaptive response. In the Pacific Islands region, international labour migration specifically is an important component of emerging climate change mobility policy, at both regional and national scales. However, the existence of opportunities for people in climate-exposed locations to move for work does not, on its own, advance climate justice. To gain insights into the nexus of climate justice, labour migration and adaptation, this paper explores the social and emotional experiences of international labour migration programme participants from climate-vulnerable Tuvalu as well as the emergent climate mobility regime in which this migration is taking place, drawing on qualitative research undertaken on the policy context and with workers from Tuvalu on short-term contracts under Australia’s Pacific Labour Scheme. Their experiences, their perceptions of climate change and their role as livelihood earners for families are explored to consider issues of climate justice in understanding labour migration as adaptation. While the workers benefited economically, they experienced significant social and emotional issues including poor mental health and family breakdown during their time working abroad, in addition to long-term climate change concerns. Further, the labour mobility programme in which they participated does not recognize migration-as-adaptation or climate justice, even though these are an emergent priority in the climate mobility regime. This highlights the need to consider how international labour migration programmes can be strengthened to advance climate justice for climate vulnerable populations on the move.
      PubDate: Fri, 11 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/oxfclm/kgac002
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Everyday limits to adaptation

    • Abstract: AbstractAdaptation to climate change, in terms of both academic and policy debates, has been treated predominantly as a local issue. This scalar focus points towards local agency as well as the contested responsibilization of local actors and potential disconnects with higher-level dynamics. While there are growing calls for individuals to take charge of their own lives against mounting climatic forces, little is known about the day-to-day actions people take, the many hurdles, barriers, and limits they encounter in their adaptation choices, and the trade-offs they consider envisaging the future. To address this gap, this article draws on 80+ interviews with urban and rural residents in Western Australia to offer a nuanced analysis of everyday climate adaptation and its limits. Our findings demonstrate that participants are facing significant adaptation barriers and that, for many, these barriers already constitute limits to what they can do to protect what they value most. They also make visible how gender, age, and socioeconomic status shape individual preferences, choices, and impediments, revealing compounding layers of disadvantage and differential vulnerability. We argue that slow and reflexive research is needed to understand what adaptation limits matter and to whom and identify opportunities to harness and support local action. Only then will we be able to surmount preconceived neoliberal ideals of the self-sufficient, resilient subject, engage meaningfully with ontological pluralism, and contribute to the re-politicization of adaptation decision-making.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jan 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/oxfclm/kgab013
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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