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One Health Bulletin
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2773-0344 - ISSN (Online) 2773-0352
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [448 journals]
  • “One Health” perspective and public health
           management strategies

    • Authors: Jun Yang
      Pages: 1 - 1
      Abstract: Jun Yang
      One Health Bulletin 2022 2(1):1-1

      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2022 2(1):1-1
      PubDate: Thu,31 Mar 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.342344
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence, phenotype and genotype characteristics of antibiotic
           resistance in coastal beach practitioners of tropical China

    • Authors: Wenfang Long, Tianjiao Li, Guohui Yi, Feng Liang, Gaoyao Hu, Jizhen Wu, Hairong Huang, Mingxue Li
      Pages: 2 - 2
      Abstract: Wenfang Long, Tianjiao Li, Guohui Yi, Feng Liang, Gaoyao Hu, Jizhen Wu, Hairong Huang, Mingxue Li
      One Health Bulletin 2022 2(1):2-2
      Objective: To investigate the genetic mechanism and prevalence of antibiotic resistance among the practitioners of two bathing beaches in tropical China.Methods: Totally 259 strains were isolated from the rectal swabs of the practitioners and screened by MacConkey agar. A questionnaire survey was conducted. Kirby-Bauer test was used for phenotype, and double disc inhibition synergy test was used for extended-spectrum β -lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E), which was further confirmed by VITEKII instrument. The genotype was detected by polymerase chain reaction, and the similarities of ESBL-E were analyzed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.Results: The prevalence of ESBL-E was 13.1% (34/259), of which, CTX-M genes accounted for 44.1% (15/34), mainly CTX-M-14 and CTX-M-27. Moreover, 19.1% (4/21) of the isolates were homologous. The resistance phenotypes of ESBL-E to chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ceftazidime, cefepime and gentamicin were different between two beaches(P<0.05). The prevalence of ESBL-E was caused by CTX-M genes at the island beach, while a high prevalence of ESBL-E was found at the city beach and clone transfer occurred.Conclusions: ESBL-E-associated gentamicin antibiotic resistance risk may be greater for island beach practitioners. The city beach populations could face more potential risks owing to severe resistance and metastatic ability of ESBL-E. The environmental exposure mechanisms and transfer role of antibiotic resistance at public beaches with high density should be investigated.
      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2022 2(1):2-2
      PubDate: Thu,28 Apr 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.343630
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • One Health: Transboundary challenges and prospect for cooperation

    • Authors: Jun Yang
      Pages: 1 - 1
      Abstract: Jun Yang
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):1-1

      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):1-1
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329022
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • One Health: An effective strategy to tackle new challenges in human health

    • Authors: Jiahai Lu
      Pages: 2 - 2
      Abstract: Jiahai Lu
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):2-2

      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):2-2
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329023
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The 697th Xiangshan Science Conference consensus report on One Health and
           human health

    • Authors: George Fu Gao, Junshi Chen, Guoping Zhao, Jianguo Xu, Jiahai Lu
      Pages: 3 - 9
      Abstract: George Fu Gao, Junshi Chen, Guoping Zhao, Jianguo Xu, Jiahai Lu
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):3-9

      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):3-9
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329025
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Role of community participation in the prevention and control of COVID-19

    • Authors: Jianxiong Wu, Yanhong Gong, Xiaoxv Yin
      Pages: 10 - 11
      Abstract: Jianxiong Wu, Yanhong Gong, Xiaoxv Yin
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):10-11

      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):10-11
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329466
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Efficacy and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines: Progress and prospect

    • Authors: Yifan Li, Jiahai Lu
      Pages: 17 - 23
      Abstract: Yifan Li, Jiahai Lu
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):17-23
      To prevent and control COVID-19, COVID-19 vaccines are being developed, tested, and approved at an unprecedented rate. As of September 24, 2021, 22 types of COVID-19 vaccines have been approved for conditional marketing or emergency use by at least one country worldwide. Vaccine efficacy/effectiveness is a crucial concern for vaccination. This article provides an overview of efficacy of phase III clinical trials, vaccination, effectiveness of real-world studies as well as challenges of COVID-19 vaccine.
      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):17-23
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329027
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Complete immunization coverage among children aged between 18 and 23
           months in the rural area of Mon State, Myanmar

    • Authors: Aung Zaw Htike, San San Myint Aung, Win Myint Oo
      Pages: 24 - 28
      Abstract: Aung Zaw Htike, San San Myint Aung, Win Myint Oo
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):24-28
      Objective: To access complete immunization coverage among children aged 18-23 months living in the rural area of Mon State, Myanmar, and study the affecting factors.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural area of Mon State in 2017. Totally 353 caregivers who had children aged 18 to 23 months were selected using multistage random sampling. Face-to-face interview was applied in data collection. Complete immunization status was defined according to the current practice of routine immunization in Myanmar. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were utilized in data analysis.Results: Most of the caregivers were mothers (86.1%). Among 353 children, 293 [83% (95% CI 79.1-86.9)] had been immunized completely. The majority of caregivers had good levels of knowledge (77.1%) and attitude (71.4%) towards routine immunization. Some children (17.6%) had minor adverse events after immunization such as fever, pain and redness at the site of vaccination. Caregivers’ knowledge and attitude towards immunization, and the occurrence of adverse events after immunization in previous immunization session were significantly related to the status of complete immunization coverage (P<0.001).Conclusions: Complete immunization coverage among children living in the rural area of Mon State stands at 83% and should be improved. Health education campaigns with appropriate strategies should be reinforced or strengthened to enhance immunization coverage.
      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):24-28
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329029
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Dietary intakes, eating habits and socioeconomic determinants of childhood
           malnutrition among children under 5 years of age in rural Lingshui county,
           Hainan, China: A case-control study

    • Authors: Fan Zhang, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Cong Yi, Stephen C Alder, Guotian Lin, Limin He
      Pages: 29 - 36
      Abstract: Fan Zhang, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Cong Yi, Stephen C Alder, Guotian Lin, Limin He
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):29-36
      Objective: To investigate the associations between dietary intakes, eating habits, socioeconomic determinants and malnutrition in children under 5 years old in south China.Method: A case-control study with 182 malnourished (case) and 254 normal (control) children was conducted in four towns using anthropometric measurements and questionnaires.Results: The dietary intakes of calory, protein, vitamin and minerals of malnourished children were lower than their normal counterparts. Overall, 37.9% children ‘monthly or never’ ate egg and egg products, 61.5% ‘monthly or never’ ate beans and soy products, but 76.7% had candies or cakes ‘daily or weekly’. Four identified determinants of malnutrition were: 1) low education level of mother (OR 1.65; 95% CI 1.02-2.67); 2) more children in one family (OR 1.86; 95% CI 1.14-3.03); 3) absence of independent eating habit (OR 1.75; 95% CI 1.13-2.72); and 4) long dining time (≥20 min) (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.12-3.24).Conclusions: Inadequate dietary intake, lower socioeconomic status and inappropriate eating habits were the major determinants of childhood malnutrition in south China. Nutritional intervention focusing on education and behavior change are warranted to help reduce the rate of malnourishment among the children of rural families in the future.
      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):29-36
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329467
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Genetic differentiation of predominant mosquito species in Hainan province
           and characterization of mosquito midgut microbiota

    • Authors: Xun Kang, Biao Liu, Siping Li, Qianfeng Xia
      Pages: 37 - 46
      Abstract: Xun Kang, Biao Liu, Siping Li, Qianfeng Xia
      One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):37-46
      Objective: To identify the mosquito species collected in the field of 8 cities/counties of Hainan province, China and to analyze the characteristics of genetic differentiation of the predominant mosquito species. The types, contents and composition characteristics of the midgut microbiota of various mosquito species were explored to provide evidence for the control and prevention of mosquito-borne diseases in Hainan province.Methods: Adult mosquitoes were collected in the field using light traps, human lure or cattle lure methods. Morphology and DNA-barcoding technology (COI gene) were applied to identify the mosquito species. The V3-V4 hypervariable region of microbes 16S rRNA was used for high-throughput sequencing of the midgut microbiota, and SPSS 21.0 and R v3.1.1 software were employed to perform statistical analysis of the sequencing results and the Beta diversity analysis.Results: Aedes (Ae.) albopictus, Armigeres (Ar.) subalbatus and Culex (Cx.) pipiens pallpens were the three predominant species of the mosquito samples. Ae. albopictus was closely related to MK736660 (India) and JQ235749 (Yunnan), while MT541282 (DF, Dongfang) was a relatively independent population. The composition and structure of bacterial communities significantly varied among most of the samples (P<0.05). At the genus levels, 16 genera overlapped in the midgut in Ae. albopictus, 20 in Ar. subalbatus and 26 in Ar. subalbatus. Besides, Ae. albopictus, Ar. subalbatus and Cx. pipiens pallpens shared 15 out of the 16 overlapping genera.Conclusions: Ae. albopictus, Ar. subalbatus and Cx. pipiens pallpens were close within the same species in Hainan. The main exchange of mosquito species occurs within Hainan province, but also occurs across provincial or even national boundaries. The gut microbiota of mosquito species collected from the same sites were similar. Most of the core bacteria found in the midgut of Ae. albopictus were also present in Ar. subalbatus and Cx. pipiens pallpens, indicating that the breeding environment of Ae. albopictus may cover the breeding environment of Ar. subalbatus and Cx. pipiens pallpens.
      Citation: One Health Bulletin 2021 1(1):37-46
      PubDate: Wed,3 Nov 2021
      DOI: 10.4103/2773-0344.329030
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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