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Journal of Pharmacy
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2773-5664
Published by International Islamic University Malaysia Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Reflections of pharmacy students on experiential education in providing
           health services to people with history of substance use disorders in

    • Authors: Nor Hidayah Mohd Taufek, Syafiqah Nadiah Halimi, Norny Syafinaz Ab Rahman, Che Suraya Zin, Christopher John Turner
      Pages: 63 - 69
      Abstract: Introduction: Accreditation standards for pharmacy students’ education include the requirement for experiential education (EE) and acknowledge, in building life-long learning skills, the need to develop students’ skills in analysing their practice-based performance. The goal of this qualitative study was to assess students’ ability to reflect on their experience providing face-to-face care to patients with a history of substance use disorders (PHSUDs). Materials and methods: Interviews were conducted with undergraduate pharmacy students who provided care to PHSUDs in an EE programme. An interview guide was used to explore students’ experiences and their perceptions regarding the challenges they encountered, changes in their attitude towards PHSUDs and ways to improve their ability to care for PHSUDs. Data relevant to the study was extracted from interview transcripts, manually sorted and coded using Microsoft Excel and subjected to thematic analysis. Results: The themes identified were 1) Increased self-confidence in face-to-face interactions with PHSUDs 2) Increased empathy towards PHSUDS 3) Reduction in stigmatised attitudes towards PHSUDs 4) Positive nature of the interactions with PHSUDs 5) Appreciation for the opportunity to apply knowledge in practice 6) Recognition of the need for improved communication skill training 7) Recognition of the need to improve training for dealing with unexpected questions and situations. Conclusion: Pharmacy students demonstrated reflective skills in identifying multiple positive learning outcomes stemming from a one-day EE programme involving PHSUDs. In addition, they provided insights useful to faculty in curriculum planning.
      PubDate: 2021-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2021)
  • Perception towards Insulin Therapy and Factors Related to Insulin Refusal
           among Insulin Naive Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Primary Care
           Clinics PKD Lipis

    • Authors: Noralina Zakaria, Narasimman Baskaran, Wan Lin Lim
      Pages: 70 - 78
      Abstract: Introduction: Insulin is one of the suggested treatments to prevent and reduce long-term diabetes complications. However, due to many factors such as socio-demographic factors, many Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients refuse this treatment. This study aimed to determine perception towards insulin among naive Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, to calculate the prevalence of rejecting insulin therapy, and to find out factors related to the refusal. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study involved 188 insulin naive Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending five primary health clinics in Lipis district, Pahang from October to November 2017. A five-point Likert Scale was used to determine perception towards insulin therapy and the Chi-square test was used to assess the proportion of acceptance of the therapy. Simple and multiple logistic regressions were utilised to study the associated factor(s). Results: Mean score of 60.5 ± 8.2 pointed towards a negative appraisal of insulin therapy. Embarrassment to inject in public (69.1%) and concern of frequent hypoglycaemia (52.7%) were the most common perception. Nearly half of the respondents (46.3%) refused insulin therapy upon suggestion. After adjusting the variables using multiple logistic regressions, only gender (Adjusted OR=0.20, 95% CI=0.10-0.40, p<0.001), educational level (Adjusted OR=0.17, 95% CI=0.06-0.50, p=0.001), age (Adjusted OR=1.04, 95% CI=1.01-1.08, p=0.012) and glycated haemoglobin level (Adjusted OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.07-1.67, p=0.013) remained significant. Conclusion: In conclusion, insulin refusal among insulin naive patients was common in Lipis with an overall negative perception towards therapy. By tailoring strategies according to the patient’s factors such as gender, educational level, age, and glycated haemoglobin level, the insulin refusal rate might decrease in the future.
      PubDate: 2021-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2021)
  • Assessment of medication adherence and quality of life among patients with
           type 2 diabetes mellitus in a tertiary hospital in Kelantan, Malaysia

    • Authors: Nazmi Liana Azmi, Nurul Aida Md Rosly, Hock Chun Tang, Anis Fariha Che Darof, Nor Dini Zuki
      Pages: 79 - 86
      Abstract: Introduction: Previous studies have reported the relationship between medication adherence and quality of life are interrelated. However, many of the results were found to be conflicting. This study aimed to assess the level and association of medication adherence and quality of life among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Raja Perempuan Zainab II Hospital, Kelantan, Malaysia. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adult type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on treatment for over 1 year using convenience sampling at outpatient. Medication Compliance Questionnaire (MCQ) and revised Diabetes Quality of Life Questionnaire (DQOL) instrument were self-administered to eligible subjects. Data were analysed using GNU PSPP version 0.8.5 and reported for descriptive statistics as well as correlation of both parameters. Results: A total of 200 patients were recruited and they were mostly at the age of 40 to 60 years old. The mean (SD) score for MCQ was 26.0 (1.6) with the majority of them were non-adherent (55.0%, n=110). The mean (SD) score for overall revised DQOL instrument was 25.5 (8.9) while each domain of “satisfaction”, “impact” and “worry” had mean (SD) scores of 12.0 (5.0), 7.7 (3.4) and 5.9 (2.7), respectively. The scores obtained were only approximately half of the possible range of scores for QoL. There was no significant correlation between total score of medication adherence and quality of life when tested using Pearson’s correlation (r=-0.083, p=0.240). Independent t-test also demonstrated no significant relationship between medication adherence status and quality of life (p=0.883). Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in our setting had unsatisfactory adherence but exhibited acceptable quality of life. We observed that both variables were not associated with one another. Further research is warranted to identify potential factors affecting non-adherence to medication.
      PubDate: 2021-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2021)
  • A review of black seed extract as an agent in the wound healing process

    • Authors: Muhammad Hakeem Mohd Zaid, Muhammad Faezuddin Hanafi, Muhammad Salahuddin Haris
      Pages: 87 - 96
      Abstract: Introduction: Nigella Sativa or Black Cumin is an annual flowering plant that can be used for wound treatment. In the treatment for wound healing, this plant contains many beneficial components that can help with the treatment but this plant utilisation in the medical field is still limited. This review will provide an overview of the advantages when this plant is used in the wound healing treatment. Method: The review was based on the ROSES protocol, and the databases used were ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Google Scholar. After the search, only 11 papers had been chosen to be included in the results and they were divided into four main themes that were used for the analysis of the results. Results: The themes were gross analysis, microscopic analysis, biochemical analysis and antimicrobial analysis. Conclusion: In conclusion, the black seed extract contains several valuable properties, such as antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, which help improve the wound healing process. Further study needs to be done to discover more potential of Nigella Sativa in treating the wound.
      PubDate: 2021-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2021)
  • Religion, spirituality and patient counselling: A scoping review

    • Authors: Nabihah Abu Hanifah, Husna Kauthar Ramlan, Adhwa Diyanah Mohammad Za'aim, Anis Suzanna Nor Azmi, Faizah Hanani Ahmad Azam, Noor Amirah Zahari, Nur Aisyah Maslil, Syahrir Zaini
      Pages: 97 - 105
      Abstract: Introduction: Religion and spirituality (R/S) have immense potential in influencing the effectiveness of patient counselling in the healthcare setting. Although substantial literature has studied the relation of religion, spirituality and health, a limited number of studies have investigated the effect of religious/spiritual practices in patient counselling. This study aims to review available qualitative research on the outcome of practising religion and spirituality in patient counselling through scoping review. Method: This scoping review collects the studies published from the year 2010 until 2020 written in English that were retrieved from PubMed and Scopus databases. Additional articles were retrieved from the Google Scholar through manual search. Synonyms and varied spelling were included in the search keywords to account for differences in spelling and word use in the United States and the United Kingdom. This review focus on the article’s presence with religion, spirituality, and therapeutic components. The methodology of this review was based on Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). The abstract from 1162 articles retrieved from database search was screened and unrelated paper were excluded. Remaining 34 papers went through full-text screening and ten articles were selected. The thematic analysis was employed as the analytic method. Results: Five main themes that were produced from the thematic analysis of included studies which are “Conventional medical counselling”, “Association of religion and spirituality with medical counselling”, “Components of spiritual counselling”, “Challenges in applying spiritual care,” and “Recommendations to spiritual counselling”. Conclusion: The results from this scoping review can give some idea to health practitioners in improving the quality of patient counselling in healthcare setting. By incorporating religion and spirituality aspects in the patient counselling, it can improve patient’s understanding and adherence to their medication. This will result in achieving the desired pharmacotherapy outcomes and treatment goals.
      PubDate: 2021-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2021)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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