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Advances in Applied NanoBio-Technologies
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2710-4001
Published by Dorma Journals Publisher Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Cancer and nanotechnology: A mini review

    • Authors: Ahmad Gholami, Fatemeh Mehrabi
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract:  Cancer is a complex disease that is challenging globally. There are different types of this disease and many people suffer from it. According to global data, in 2020, about 19.3 million new cases and about 10 million deaths have been estimated. Therefore, timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment for any type of cancer is very important. Therapies include chemotherapy and radiotherapy; etc. existing treatments currently have many side effects. Therefore, scientists are looking for new ways to reduce these side effects. In recent years, nanotechnology has received much attention in the diagnosis, imaging and treatment of this disease. Nanoscience, especially nanoparticles in the field of drug delivery, imaging and treatment has helped a lot in the field of cancer, and in recent years, nanotranoscience has applied this science. nanotheranostics is a combination of treatment and diagnosis that allows doctors to make progress in treatment and Provide. appropriate dosing and timely intervention and provide chemotherapy for cancer by increasing efficacy and reducing toxicity.
      PubDate: 2022-03-20
       
  • Challenge of biosensors in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

    • Authors: Sargol Mazraedoost, Reza Masoumzade, Zahra Javidi
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract:  Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial illness caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), and it is a long-term public health risk due to several biological and societal factors. Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that most commonly affected the lungs and can damage the kidneys, brain, and spine. Tuberculosis (TB) is a fatal human illness that has been prevalent for a long time. It is also known as "consumption" or "phthisis."M. tuberculosis is thought to have killed more people than any other bacterial infection. As a result, early detection of this bacterial infection is critical for patients to get prompt and suitable therapy. In underdeveloped countries, more than 98% of tuberculosis cases are recorded. Effective diagnosis approaches based on biosensors are required for these bacteria due to a shortage of well-equipped and specialized diagnostic facilities.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • Chemical and Enzyme Treatment of Enset Yarn for Technical Textile
           Applications

    • Authors: Alhayat Getu TEMESGEN, Omprakash Sahu
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Yarns obtained from natural fibers have been played a significant role in human history for the manufacture of technical and conventional textiles. Enset yarn is manufactured from agro waste fiber called false banana fiber (enset fiber). Fiber and/or yarn is not effectively utilized in technical textile and textile fiber reinforced ecofriendly composites. This research work was focused on the effect of biochemical modification of enset yarn, morphological analysis and characterized the mechanical properties of the yarn. Chemical composition, morphological structure and tensile strength were investigated and studied by using Fourier Transfer Infrared (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and SHIMADZU Strength tester. The tensile strength of the yarns were evaluated before and after biochemical treatments. The result show that, enset yarns treated with caustic soda, amylase enzyme and Aloe-vera gel were exhibited a significant improvement in their morphological, tensile strength and weight loss as compared to untreated enset yarn. The test results shown that treated enset yarn with both chemical and enzyme had a tensile strength of 53.50 – 65.43 MP with lower percentage weight loss. The tensile strength of the yarn was improved by 22 % due to alkalization and softeners. The major weight loss (6.14 %) enset yarn was observed in both 7.5% w/v. of alkali and 20% w/v. of enzyme treatment. 
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • CRISPR/Cas9 as a tool for Genome Editing: A Mini Review on Development and
           Approaches

    • Authors: Elham Riazimontazer, Ahmad Gholami
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: By introducing recombinant DNA technology, first reported in 1972, biological researchers were able to manipulate DNA molecules to develop new therapeutic strategies. Nowadays, targeted methods for engineering the genome of diverse organisms have provided a powerful tool in the treatment of genetic diseases. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) technique is one of the newest genome modification tools based on prokaryotic adaptive immune system. The simplicity and flexibility of the CRISPR/Cas9 site-specific nuclease system and its efficiency has led to its widespread use in many biological research areas. In this review, the basis of this technique and its application in the treatment of genetic diseases are explored while highlighting challenges as well as future directions. Derived from a remarkable microbial defense system, CRISPR/Cas9 is used widely as innovative scaffold from basic biology to biotechnology and medicine.
      PubDate: 2021-03-21
       
  • Manufacturing and Properties of Poly Vinyl Alcohol/Fibrin Nanocomposite
           Used for Wound Dressing

    • Authors: Fahime Sadat Hoseini, Reza Taherian, Amir Atashi
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to make PVA/fibrin nanocomposite with suitable mechanical and biological properties to be used in wound dressing. Characterizations are performed by SEM, microculture Tetrazolium Test (MTT), tensile strength, contact angle, and DAPI coloring. Low, medium and high Concentrations of fibrinogen and thrombin were injected into the scaffolds by electrophoresis method. The tensile strength test of scaffolds shows that the ultimate tensile strength and fracture strain are 4.06 MPa and 0.93, respectively. Wettability and SEM tests show an increase in hydrophobicity by the addition of fibrin to the scaffolds. The DAPI coloring test or cell adhesion test also indicates an increase in cell adhesion of scaffolds contained fibrin in comparison to scaffolds without fibrin. MTT test for 4 days shows a better cell proliferation in the PVA/fibrin composites as compared to PVA scaffolds results Showed that PVA/fibrin nanocomposite could be used for tissue engineering applications as a wound dressing in animal models.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
       
  • Nano materials-based devices by photodynamic therapy for treating cancer
           applications

    • Authors: Sargol Mazraedoost, Gity Behbudi
      Pages: 9 - 21
      Abstract:       Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive beneficial modality that is able to be used instead of radiotherapy and chemotherapy to treat cancer. Low water solubility makes administering photosensitizers (PSs) complicated, which undermines several molecules' medicinal application, limits PDT's efficacy. Nanotechnology can be used to tune the photoactive drug's pharmacokinetics and tumor selectivity and perform a vital role in the photosensitizer's photodynamic function by maintaining the photosensitizer's monomeric structure and thereby optimizing the photochemistry that occurs upon photon absorption. Also, nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems may progress a PS's transcytosis by allowing two or different drugs to be delivered at the same time via epithelial and endothelial barriers. Based on this, nanotechnology's application in medicine could open up a slew of novel cancer treatment possibilities while also improving the efficacy of presently available medicines. Consequently, this research aims to investigate nanotechnology-based medication conveyance instruments utilized for photodynamic cancer treatment.
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • A comparative study on the clays incorporated with acrylamide-based
           hydrogels

    • Authors: Farzaneh Sabbagh
      Pages: 15 - 23
      Abstract: In the current study to increase the release ability of acrylamide-based hydrogels, modified acrylamide-based hydrogel nanocomposites were synthesized and Montmorillonite, Kaolinite, and Illite were added to the matrix. The characterization of the clays was carried out using EDX and XRD, whereas the characterization of the clay-hydrogels was carried out with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), swelling ratio, and rheology measurements. EDX of clays showed that the highest amount of Al (17.18 0.12%) is for Kaolinite and the highest amount of Si (20.94 0.85%) and Fe (8.53 %) belongs to Illite. The highest amount of C (6.97 1.54%) is for Montmorillonite. The swelling of Montmorillonite/Aam hydrogels including was found to be higher than other types of hydrogels used in this study. The shifting of the bonds in FTIR and FESEM images of composites showed that the clays are well-incorporated to the polymer and the shape of the composites in the FESEM images indicates the effect of clays on the structure of polymers. The highest swelling ratio was attributed to Montmorillonite/Aam composite. The frequency sweep test showed that the G’ and G” value of the Illite/Aam G’ (1260 36.5 Pa) and (198.5 6.6 Pa) was higher than the other mixtures.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • Reducing Amination of Aldehydes and Ketons with Highly Branch
           Polyethylenemine Supported Zirconia Borohydride and Nano Tetrachlorosilane
           as a New and Mild Reducing Agent

    • Authors: Zeinab Niknam, Nooredin Goudarzian, Khadije Yousefi
      Pages: 17 - 22
      Abstract: The formation of stable nanoparticle-polymeric reagent obtained by electrostatic complexation is studied in this paper. The nanoparticles placed under scrutiny were nano tetrachlorosilane (SiCl4) reacted with highly branch polyethyleneimine moieties. The complex formation was monitored using different formulation pathways, including direct mixing, sonication, dilution, and quenching. In the first process, the hybrids were obtained by mixing stock solutions of polymer and nanoparticle.  Therefore, the introduction of new and efficient methods is still in demand. The use of heterogeneous catalysts provides a perfect solution to overcome the above limitations.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
       
  • Modeling of the Thermal Degradation of Poly (methyl methacrylate) and its
           Nanocomposite with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

    • Authors: Alireza Aghili, Mohammad Reza Kamrani
      Pages: 22 - 34
      Abstract: Modeling of non-isothermal degradation of polymers consists of the integration of the Arrhenius function which has no analytical solution. The integration is commonly estimated by a variety of approximation functions with varying complexity and precision. In this study, a mathematical formula was derived in which the Arrhenius integral is calculated without using common approximation functions. Calculations showed that the obtained formula has a better accuracy compared to the common approximation functions. The obtained formula was used to determine the kinetic parameters of thermal degradation of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and its nanocomposite with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). The kinetic parameters were also calculated by a different method which was based on a single point calculation and used the approximation functions for estimating the Arrhenius integral. The comparison showed that there is a better agreement between the experimentally measured and calculated data when the kinetic parameters obtained from new formula.
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • Covid-19 treatment by plant compounds

    • Authors: Sargol Mazraedoost, Gity Behbudi, Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi, Seyyed Alireza Hashemi
      Pages: 23 - 33
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global public health epidemic, with significant mortality and morbidity, including critical care, putting a strain on health care services. In the city of Wuhan, China, a novel coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2 appeared at the end of 2019, causing an outbreak of unusual viral pneumonia. A type of coronavirus disease belonging to the family Coronaviridae is COVID-19. Moreover, the disease's symptoms include fever, dry cough, tiredness. It is possible to foresee numerous options to monitor or avoid emerging 2019-nCoV infections, including small-molecule drugs, interferon therapies, and Vaccines. Novel interventions may take a long time.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
       
  • The electrochemical behavior of Dopamine as electron transfer mediator
           catalyst for adsorption of Phenyl Boronic Acid and Sodium Tetraborate

    • Authors: Sonia Bahrani
      Pages: 34 - 40
      Abstract: In this study, a new method is advanced using dopamine (DA) as mediator catalyst for electro-oxidation of phenyl boronic acid (PhBA) and sodium tetraborate (NaTB). In this case, DA immobilized on topside of gold (Au) electrodes modified by mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) self-assembled monolayers (Au-MPA-DA SAMs). Layer‑by‑layer fabrication and electrochemical behaviour of adsorbed PhBA and NaTB is traced by cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The measurements are performed in the presence as well as in the absence of [Fe(CN)6]3-/4- and [Ru(NH3)6]2+/3+ redox probes. The results successfully confirmed formation of DA-PhBA and DA-NaTB complexes on modified electrode.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
       
  • Water-borne polyurethanes for high-performance electromagnetic
           interference shielding

    • Authors: Dr Khadijeh Yousefi, Najmeh Parvin, Nastaran Banaei, Sargol Mazraedoost
      Pages: 35 - 45
      Abstract:      Nowadays, a kind of new environmentally friendly coatings is used extensively under the name of water-borne polyurethanes. These coatings have attracted the attention of many researchers compared to conventional coatings due to the low emission of volatile organic compounds and the use of water as the solvent. In fact, this kind of water-based polyurethanes, due to their incompatible with water, significantly usage of hydrophilic groups number to get water solubility. On the other hand, they have special properties such as high mechanical resistance and biodegradability. Therefore, the use of water-borne polyurethanes is used in a wide range of applications, including electromagnetic interference shielding that is electromagnetic wave emission in the form of radio waves, and is created in many electronic devices. So, in this chapter, first, the structure of polyurethane and its compounds will be discussed. The study of water-borne polyurethanes and their production methods and their application in electromagnetic interference shielding is mentioned
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • Green Synthesis and High-efficiency Method for Reduced Graphene Oxide by
           Urtica Dioica Extracts

    • Authors: Negar Javanmardi, Dr Nooredin Goodarzian; Associated Professor, Mingzhu Xia, Professor, Fengyun Wang, Professor
      Pages: 37 - 46
      Abstract: There are various methods to produce nanoparticles, but utilizing the plants for nanoparticle synthesis due to their environmentally friendly nature and low cost is very highly considered. Here, we report the green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide with high efficiency using extracts of Urtica Dioica for the first time. In this study, Urtica Dioica extracts were utilized as a reducing material for the synthesis of nano-graphene oxide. The reduced graphene oxide was analyzed for the determination of size and structural properties using XRD, FTIR, Raman spectra, and TEM
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • Effect of Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) Plasma treatment on the
           Polypropylene film in presence of air and nitrogen at atmospheric pressure
           

    • Authors: Hossein Azimi, Mitra Tavakoli, Mehdi Sharifian
      Pages: 41 - 48
      Abstract: The plasma treatment is an efficient method used for improving wettability of the polymer film surface and increasing the surface roughness. In this paper, polypropylene (PP) films are modified by a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) Plasma in the presence of air and nitrogen separately at atmospheric pressure. The plasma-modified surfaces are characterized by contact angle measurements, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRS). Results show a remarkable increase in hydrophilicity due to the implantation of oxygen and nitrogen containing groups in these modified polypropylene films. Atomic oxygen, atomic nitrogen, OH radicals, and ions, which are presented in the discharge, create radicals at the polymer surface, which can react with oxygen and nitrogen species, resulting in formation of oxygen and nitrogen containing functionalities on the polymer surface. It is shown that plasma in the nitrogen atmosphere is more efficient in etching and implanting functionalities than air plasma.
      PubDate: 2021-06-20
       
  • Optimisation using Taghuchi method and Heterogeneous Fenton-like Process
           with Fe3O4/MWCNTS Nano-Composites as the Catalyst for Removal an
           Antibiotic

    • Authors: Marjan Salari
      Pages: 46 - 53
      Abstract: Today, various optimization methods are performed to optimally investigate the input factors and the effects of these factors on the target response. In this study, optimal is performed by Taguchi method. The aim of this experimental study was to remove the antibiotic ciprofloxacin from aqueous solutions using a Fenton-like heterogeneous process using Fe3O4/ MWCNTS nanocomposites (MWCNTS) as catalyst. Fe3O4/ MWCNTS nanocomposites were prepared using a cheap, fast and accurate oxidation co-precipitation method as a completely Fenton-like heterogeneous catalyst. XRD, FTIR and FESEM results showed that Fe3O4 nanoparticles doped on the MWCNTs surface while having their own cubic structures. The maximum yield was obtained by the Fenton-like heterogeneous process at pH =7 where the ciprofloxacin removal efficiency was 78. Taguchi optimal analysis showed that with the initial concentration of ciprofloxacin 150 mg/l, catalyst dose (Fe3O4/ MWCNTS) 30 mg, H2O2 concentration 20 mM, pH 4 and reaction time, high S/N response ratio can be achieved Brought from 35 min; Creating a significant level of parameters 65.88, 61.38, 67.13, 66.25 and 62.50, respectively. It was concluded that the catalytic reaction compared to previous studies in a wider range of pH values ​​(~4) and Fenton-like Fe3O4/MWCNTS catalyst nanocomposites in terms of catalytic suitable for the removal of this antibiotic has better mechanical and thermal capabilities. The overall results show that there is a synergistic effect of adsorption and advanced oxidation process, which significantly improves the efficiency of the advanced oxidation process.    
      PubDate: 2021-05-05
       
  • Recent advancements in Graphene oxide-based for fight with HIV infection .

    • Authors: NEGAR JAVANMARDI
      Pages: 47 - 52
      Abstract: ABSTRACT The only successful trial to date against the HIV is the RV144 trials, and today, due to the role that broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) naturally plays in the fight against the HIV, scientists are working to develop bnAbs -induced vaccines to prevent HIV infection. Electrochemical sensors along with nanomaterial’s have been tested for faster detection of the HIV in the body. Among these sensors, electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO), glassy carbon modified with polyaniline/graphene (PAN/GN/GCE), and GCE modified with amino- reduced graphene oxide (NH2)- rGO and β –cyclodextrin (β-CD) (NH2-rGO/ β-CD/ GCE) are listed in this review. Today, antiretroviral therapy (ART) and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are used to treat the HIV, which are not able to completely cure the HIV infection. The main problem with the complete elimination of the HIV is the presence of the HIV latent reservoirs in the body. To this end, several strategies have been used to completely destroy these reservoirs, including "shock and kill" therapy approach, immunotherapy, and gene therapy. Keywords: HIV vaccine, ERGO, PAN/GN/GCE, NH2-rGO/ β-CD/ GCE, shock and kill, immunotherapy, gene therapy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • Influence of phosphor precursors on the morphology and purity of
           sol–gel-derived hydroxyapatite nanoparticles

    • Authors: Khadije Yousefi, Alireza Khalife
      Pages: 49 - 52
      Abstract:    In this study nano crystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) particles were produced by both sol-gel and precipitation methods. For this purpose calcium nitrate tetra hydrate (Ca(NO3)2·4H2O) was selected as calcium precursors  and three types of phosphorus precursors such as acid phosphoric (H3PO4) , triethyl phosphate  (C2H5O)3PO and pentad oxide phosphorus (P2O5) were chosen. The produced powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results show that although hydroxyapatite can be produced by all phosphorus precursors used in the current research, the purity of HA obtained from penta oxide phosphorus and phosphoric acid is higher than that of triethyl phosphate. The SEM micrographs prove that the morphology of nano-HAP depends on the type of phosphorus precursor .The HAP prepared from acid phosphoric was spherically shaped whereas the one from triethyl phosphate  is needle like and  from penta oxide phosphorus was found to be Pyramidal in shape.
      PubDate: 2021-06-20
       
  • Graphene Quantum Dots and their applications: A mini-review

    • Authors: Yasamin Ghahramani, Fatemeh Fallahinezhad, Marzie Afsa
      Pages: 53 - 59
      Abstract: Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) is a new class of fluorescent carbon materials that attracted increasing interest because of their special potentials for biomedical applications, their unique and tunable photoluminescence properties, high photostability, exceptional physicochemical properties, small size, and biocompatibility. This review purpose to update the latest results of The recently developed green synthetic methods of GQDs. In This article recent advanced applications of GQDs in vitro, particularly in regenerative medicine, Antibacterial activity, and Biocompatibility of GQDs, are included.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • Graphene Oxide Quantum Dots and their applications via stem cells: A
           mini-review

    • Authors: Yasamin Ghahramani, Negar Javanmardi
      Pages: 54 - 56
      Abstract: Carbon-based nanomaterials are now in the spotlight of biomedical researches. They have established a prime position ranging in drug delivery to tissue engineering. Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are one of the recent entrants to the list of carbon-based nanomaterials. GQDs are one of the most promising carbon-based nanomaterials at the forefront of the biomedical research area, owing to their outstanding characteristics, including low toxicity, high solubility, strong inertness, high specific surface areas, abundant edge sites, and versatility. This mini-review focus is on the GQDs applications via different stem cells. The GQDs' characteristics are discussed thoroughly for tissue engineering aspects and their potential applications in stem cell researches. In particular, emphasis is given to special applications such as bioimaging, proliferation, differentiation, and biosensing through stem cells. Finally, the future perspectives of GQDs in the stem cell field have been discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY DIAGNOSIS ALGORITHM USING MATHEMATICAL RATIO MODELS
           WITH BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN SMA TYPE I DISEASE

    • Authors: Ozan Emre EYUPOĞLU, Nezahat Nazlı OKAY
      Pages: 59 - 62
      Abstract: Objective: Early diagnosis is life-saving in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a disease that is defined as a rare disease in the community and affects one person in ten thousand. When laboratory tests are examined from the diagnostic tests, it should be checked whether there is a homozygous deletion of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene as the first diagnostic parameter for a patient who is thought to have spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). In order t o be sure of the diagnosis, it is necessary to look at the creatine kinase (CK) value of the patient and the nerve conduction results that will be obtained from the results of electrophysiological tests such as electromyography (EMG). It was aimed to develop an early diagnosis algorithm by using a mathematical ratio model to diagnose spinal muscular atrophy disease early, by proportioning the length of the electrocardiogram (ECG) frequency with the creatine kinase value being higher than normal.   Material and Method: A group of people with SMA disease and a group of healthy people were used in the study. Serum creatine kinase values of all patients were measured and the length of the electrocardiogram (ECG) frequency was measured. These two values are proportioned.   Result and Discussion: As a result of literature studies, the frequencies of electrocardiogram tremors and creatine kinase (CK) values of healthy people were compared. Electrocardiogram (ECG) frequencies and creatine kinase values of sick people were also compared. The range value of healthy people and the range values of sick people were compared and a range of values specific to sick people was determined. Based on this range, patients with vibration frequency / creatine kinase values between 0.125-0.175 can be diagnosed. This study will contribute to the development of computer-based android applications for diagnosis for patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) with codes 0 and 1, using the inference that the patient is healthy as the value approaches 1 and the value approaches 0.
      PubDate: 2021-06-20
       
  • Graphene based nanostructure interaction with human liver cancer cells

    • Authors: Dr Khadijeh Yousefi, Mehdi Golkar fard
      Pages: 60 - 71
      Abstract:     Carbon-based nanomaterials are now in the spotlight of biomedical researches. According to the World Health Organization, liver cancer is the fourth driving cause of cancer associated with passing around the world. It requests compelling treatment and demonstrative techniques to ruin its recurrence, complexities, forceful metastasis and late determination. With later advance in nanotechnology, Graphene based nanostructure (GBNs) symptomatic and helpful modalities have entered into clinical trials. With further developments in Graphene based nanostructure intervened liver cancer conclusion and treatment, the approach holds promise for made strides clinical liver cancer administration. In this mini-review emphasis is given to special applications such as Structure and Properties, Synthesis, differentiation, Biomedical Applications, and Limitations of nanoparticles through liver cancer cells. Finally, the future perspectives of GBNs in the liver cancer cells field have been discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-09-19
       
  • Effect of silver nanoparticles disinfectant on covid-19

    • Authors: Gity Behbudi
      Pages: 63 - 67
      Abstract: The modifications of sample in the metallic crystals from bulk to nano size have caused in wonderful and supreme attributes; which have dramatically created a broad range of applications. Exclusively, Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) attract more consideration due to their specific catalytic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties that can be modified with shapes, size, surface nature, etc. Therefore these crystals have been utilized in different areas such as antimicrobial agents in the health industry, electronic components, sensor, catalysis, etc. Silver is suitable for all pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. In addition, Ag NPs disinfectants have attracted attention because of the applicable applications in our daily life. Hence the Ag NPs have been utilized in various sections such as food packaging, biomedical, animal husbandry, textile, water/air filters, etc. Because of the absence of efficient antiviral scales, the pandemic of COVID-19 is extanding. AgNPs are assumed to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 and have been studied due to owning antiviral properties. In this review, the Ag NPs as a disinfectant in disinfect of covid-19 have been discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-06-20
       
  • Providing a model to robust entanglement between a movable mirror and a
           cavity field in coupled optomechanical system

    • Authors: Mehrad Gavahi, Li hong Rong
      Pages: 68 - 76
      Abstract: Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen and Schr ̈odinger first identified Entanglement as a peculiar quantum mechanics phenomenon, challenging the completeness of the theory. Because of the significance of the phenomenon of entanglement, the entanglement between a movable mirror and a cavity field is discussed in this article. Due to the importance of the subject, two types of design are considered for the analysis of the cavity caused by the moving mirror and for both, the analytical solution was performed and the governing equations were derived. In the first example, between two mirrors, one fixed and the other movable, a cavity field is found, in which case the interconnection between the rotating mirror and the two level atoms in the cavity field can be studied. In the second example, the first field is coupled to another cavity field and the effect of entanglement is studied on a mirror on which the atom is not located. The findings indicate that the greater entanglement and the wider efficient detuning area can be obtained with the increase in the coupling power of the coupled optomechanical device, so it is simpler and more feasible to realize and observe this kind of novel phenomenon in experiment.
      PubDate: 2021-06-20
       
  • When stem cells meet nanoparticles for biomedical treatments: A
           mini-review

    • Authors: Yasamin Ghahramani, Mohammad Pourrajab zadeh
      Pages: 72 - 78
      Abstract: One of the newest technologies that have been proposed for medical treatments that have attracted a lot of attention is the use of nanoparticles. Today, a wide variety of nanoparticles are known and made. These nanoparticles are used in further research.  Especially Nanoparticles have a variety of effects on stem cells. In This mini-review, some applications and effects of nanoparticles in medical treatments have been investigated. First, the toxicity of one of the most common nanoparticles (silver nanoparticle) on stem cells was examined. Also, the potential of several nanoparticles in stem cell differentiation and proliferation and their role in mesenchymal stem cells, neuronal stem cells, and cancer Nanomedicine that has vital in our research was discussed. The purpose of writing this mini-review is to get acquainted with the most common nanoparticles and some of their effects on stem cells for medical treatments. With a better understanding of nanoparticles, they can be better used in clinical treatments or control many deadly diseases.
      PubDate: 2021-09-19
       
  • Virus Decorated Nanobiomaterials as Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering

    • Authors: Aida Alipour
      Pages: 79 - 85
      Abstract:      One of the applications of tissue engineering is to develop artificial scaffolds. These scaffolds can mimic extracellular matrix and support cells for the repair of damaged tissue and organs. Virus particles can be re-engineering by genetic and chemical modification. Scaffolds can support cell growth and regulate cellular functions such as adhesion, spreading and proliferation. Scaffolds can be two dimensional or three dimensional which are resulting from self-assembly of the re-engineered. In this review, we review the role of virus based scaffolds in vivo and their applications in tissue engineering
      PubDate: 2021-09-19
       
  • Application of nanoparticle technology in water and wastewater treatment
           (Overview)

    • Authors: Marjan Salari, Hadiseh Hosseini
      Pages: 86 - 92
      Abstract: Water is the most important substance for human life. Water has been the only element that cause gave rise to life for human civilizations from the beginning until now. Many different methods have been used to treat water to date. These mentioned nanoparticles are used for three groups of pollutants such as pesticides, microorganisms, and heavy metals. This review article by investigation international articles from 2019 to 2020 in a library and descriptive manner paid to new achievements in nanotechnology in the field of water and wastewater treatment.  The result of nanotechnology for water and wastewater treatment is increasing day by day. The unique properties of nanomaterials show many opportunities for water and wastewater treatment. All three categories, i.e., nano-adsorbents have commercial products, activated membranes in nanotechnology, and nano-photocatalysts, however, they have not been used on a large scale in water or wastewater treatment. Several other nanotechnologies for water treatment have made significant advances in the past to control water pollution problems, and they will make more progress in the future. Nanotechnology-based treatment offers highly effective, competent, flexible, and environmentally friendly approaches. These methods are more commercial, less tedious, and much less waste than conventional methods.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • Nano bacterial cellulose for biomedical applications: A mini review focus
           on tissue engineering

    • Authors: Elham Nemati, Ahmad Gholami
      Pages: 93 - 101
      Abstract: Cellulose is one of the main constituents of natural biopolymer. Its properties like renewable, eco-friendly, sustainable biomaterial, and biocompatibility, biodegradable, cost-effectiveness, lightweight, and high mechanical strength, make it very useful in many fields. Nanocellulose is an ideal material to be used in the production of biopolymer composite, because of its properties such as low density, non-abrasiveness, combustibility, nontoxicity, and inexpensiveness. We can extract nanocellulose from both Bactria and plants. There are some reasons that bacterial cellulose is better than plant cellulose, which are given below. Bacterial nanocellulose has been used in various applications like medical products, food packaging, etc. This mini-review talks about the significant role of bacterial nanocellulose in the medical application including tissue engineering, drug delivery agents, wound healing, dental implant, bone tissue, and neural implants, cardiovascular implants, artificial cornea, etc. some studies have shown that some body`s cells such as endothelial, chondrocytes, and smooth muscle cells have good adhesion to BC.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
       
  • The Advances in nanostructures vaccine, new approaches to improve for
           anticancer and immune system efficiency

    • Authors: NEGAR JAVANMARDI, Zahra Javidi, Sargol Mazraedoost, Yekta Omidi, Amir Hashemi Hosseini, Marzie Mokhberi
      Pages: 102 - 111
      Abstract:
      PubDate: 2021-10-05
       
  • The role of Nanoparticles for Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in Biomedical
           Engineering

    • Authors: Sargol Mazraedoost, Reza Masoumzade, Zahra Javidi, Yousef Ashoori
      Pages: 24 - 36
      Abstract: Among the greatest varied and cross-cutting features of biomedical nanotechnology applications is the synthesis, design, and characterization of novel nanomaterials. New developments in synthetics and engineering make it possible to produce an extensive variety of nanoparticles (NPs) and biocompatible nanostructured materials widely used in efficient diagnosis, drug delivery, and therapeutic procedures or deprived of other chemical and/or surface modifications of biomolecules. Because of their physical and chemical properties, metal-based nanoparticles (MNPs), as well as quantum dots (QDs), magnetic NPs, metal NPs, and metal oxide NPs, have a tremendous amount of power for biomedical applications. Nanoparticles (NPs) have superior (chemical and physical) features that create an ideal for different usages. Metallic NPs' structural modifications result in various biological activities, leading to diverse development capacities for reactive oxygen species (ROS). With chemistry, size, surface area, and particle shape, the amount of ROS provided by metallic NPs are correlated. In cell biology, ROS has many functions. ROS generation is a critical component in the toxicity caused by metallic NP and cellular signaling in cell differentiation, proliferation, and death.
       
 
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