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Sociological Bulletin
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0038-0229 - ISSN (Online) 2457-0257
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1151 journals]
  • Professor Arvind Manilal Shah: Researcher, Teacher and Institution Builder
    • Authors: Tulsi Patel
      Pages: 111 - 124
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 111-124, January 2021.
      The shock of Professor A. M. Shah’s (AMS) demise is fresh in our minds as is his memory as an interactive, alert, productive and disciplined scholar at the ripe age of 89. This article tries to summarise his enormous contribution to the discipline of sociology in India. First, it takes up his path-breaking, analytically sharp mind towards conceptual clarity to match with empirical data that questioned many prevailing assumptions. He put forth the household dimension as the processual dimension of family in India, caste division as a feature of many urban castes, besides hierarchy, which alone was assumed to characterise caste in India. Next, it looks at his brand of work with historical and contemporary empirical perspective in the areas of kinship, marriage, lineage, old age and family policy, religion and sects through his research publications. Next, it describes AMS as a simple and upright person and a dedicated teacher who enjoyed teaching and focused on clarity and understanding without fashionable jargon. His strict but compassionate and no-nonsense approach towards students contributed also to the high status of sociology in the Delhi University. This is followed by his selfless commitment to academic administration in the Delhi University and wider institution-building acumen that benefitted Indian Sociological Society among others.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T10:37:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920979526
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book review: B. B. Mohanty, Agrarian Transformation in Western India:
           Economic Gains and Social Costs
    • Authors: Deepak K. Mishra
      Pages: 125 - 128
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 125-128, January 2021.
      B. B. Mohanty, Agrarian Transformation in Western India: Economic Gains and Social Costs. New Delhi: Routledge, 2019, 386 pp., ₹1,495 (hardback). ISBN: 978-0367247294.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T10:35:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970289
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book review: Sanjukta Das Gupta and Shekhar Basu (Eds.), Narratives from
           the Margins: Aspects of Adivasi History in India
    • Authors: Sarmistha Das
      Pages: 128 - 130
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 128-130, January 2021.
      Sanjukta Das Gupta and Shekhar Basu (Eds.), Narratives from the Margins: Aspects of Adivasi History in India. New Delhi: Primus Books, (2019 revised and enlarged), 315 pp., Price: ₹1,195.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T10:36:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970296
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book review: Walter Fernandes, Joydeep Baruah and Augustin Millik,
           Ownership, Management and Alienation: Tribal Land in Northeast India
    • Authors: Rabindra. K. Mohanty
      Pages: 130 - 133
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 130-133, January 2021.
      Walter Fernandes, Joydeep Baruah and Augustin Millik, Ownership, Management and Alienation: Tribal Land in Northeast India. North Eastern Social Research Centre & OKD Institute of Social Change and Development. North Eastern Social Research Centre, 2018, v + 168 pp., ₹300 (hardback). ISBN: 13: 978-8193878545.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T10:34:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920968745
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book review: Anil Kumar (Ed.), Women, Gender, and Justice: Issues and
           Perspectives
    • Authors: Sumit Saurabh Srivastava
      Pages: 133 - 135
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 133-135, January 2021.
      Anil Kumar (Ed.), Women, Gender, and Justice: Issues and Perspectives. Delhi: Pragati Publications, 2019, xxiv+248 pp., ₹895 (hardback). ISBN: 978-81-7307-176-8.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T10:35:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920956776
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book review: Hilal Ahmed, Siyasi Muslims: A Story of Political Islams in
           India
    • Authors: Aditya Ranjan Kapoor
      Pages: 135 - 137
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 135-137, January 2021.
      Hilal Ahmed, Siyasi Muslims: A Story of Political Islams in India. New Delhi: Penguin Viking, 2019, 240 pp., ₹599 (Hardback). ISBN: 978-0-670-09140-9.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T10:36:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920956761
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • COVID-19, Structural Inequalities and the Challenges of Self- and Social
           Transformations: Critical Ontologies and Epistemologies of the Present and
           Alternative Planetary Futures
    • Authors: Ananta Kumar Giri
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-03-19T07:14:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022921995643
       
  • Pandemic of Inequality and the State: A Response to Maitrayee
           Chaudhuri’s ‘COVID-19 and Structural Inequalities: Some Reflections on
           the Practice of Sociology’
    • Authors: Swargajyoti Gohain
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-03-19T07:13:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022921994989
       
  • Dalits and Choice of School: A Sociological Study of Private Schools in
           Telangana State
    • Authors: Silveru Harinath, Nagaraju Gundemeda
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.
      Why parents prefer private schools when the government schools provide education free of cost is the major question confronting the social scientists in contemporary India. What constitutes school choice and what is the nature of the relationship between the socio-economic background of the children studying in government and private schools are some of the key research questions addressed in this article. What is the response of the Dalits towards government and private schools, as most of the previous empirical studies are based on government schools' The current article, based on an empirical study conducted in private schools in Telangana, argues that caste, class and gender play a significant role in shaping school choice among the Dalits. Though a Dalit middle-class parent provides equal opportunity for his/her daughter on par with a son, working-class Dalit parents prefer a private school for sons and a government school for daughters. As English as medium of instruction provided in private schools is perceived as a standard of quality, and, therefore, the aspired option tends to attract Dalits to private schools, they experience the paradoxical situation. On the one hand, they are not happy with the functioning of government schools; on the other, they find it extremely difficult to cope up with the multiple demands of private schools such as higher fees and hidden forms of discrimination on the lines of caste and class.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-03-01T05:15:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022921993969
       
  • From the Margins of the Spice Garden Economy: Agroforestry and Gendered
           Practices in the Western Ghats, Karnataka
    • Authors: Manisha Rao
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.
      The present coronavirus pandemic has created havoc in lives and livelihoods of people across the world. In just a few months, the world as we knew it has irretrievably changed. If one were to trace the roots of the crisis, it would lead one to the shift from sustainable farming systems to market-based systems that have increased agricultural productivity but have led to the breakdown of humanity’s relationship with nature.In the Malnad (up-ghat) region of the Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, known for its diversified spice garden agroforestry practices, a similar change can be observed. Over the last decade, there has been an increasing conversion of paddy land and forest encroachments for cultivation of areca, leading to a change in the biodiversity of the region. The changes in the land use patterns and the destruction of the environment caused by infrastructure projects are among some of the important reasons that have resulted in increasing drought-like situations in an area known to be the wettest region of the Western Ghats and resulting in epidemics endemic to the region.However, in the shadow of the areca-spice garden economy of this region, there is a lesser known but growing economy—the home garden agroforestry. The gendered practices of the home gardens, run mainly by the women of the community, provide the vital everyday inputs for the household. Though high in terms of use value, the home gardens are low in terms of exchange value. It is in the context of mapping the cultural and developmental contours of this region that one tries to understand the gendered practices of the local communities that are a beacon of hope in times of a pandemic. In this article, one attempts to examine the marginal though crucial initiatives of women of this district to preserve the biodiversity of the region and provide for food in the kitchens. Finally, it attempts to connect the dots between gender, environment and development and argues for the adoption of a critical feminist political ecology perspective to analyse the gendered agroforestry practices.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-03-01T05:14:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022921993968
       
  • Disciplinary Cross-currents: Rebounding on the Heuristics of Inquiry
    • Authors: Sasheej Hegde
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-02-25T05:50:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022921993986
       
  • Coercion, Consent and Contestation: A Study of Changing Scientific
           Practices in India
    • Authors: Sambit Mallick
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.
      The advent of the customer–funder–policymaker as a prominent element in scientific practice since mid-1990s in India and intensifying thereafter seems to have forced scientists to (re)negotiate scientific boundaries and to do some of the delicate boundary work. The challenge for scientists is to not only bring science ‘close enough’ to politics and policy demonstrating social accountability, legitimacy and relevance but also avoid either science or politics overextending into the other’s territory—a prospect that is evidently disorienting and poses serious threats to idealised identities of science and the scientific community. Based on in-depth personal interviews with 68 agricultural biotechnologists in 24 scientific institutions in India, this article examines the factors responsible for the shift in the practice of science from being a curiosity-driven activity to contract obligation. Through the radical changes in science funding and policy-orientation in India since mid-1990s, scientists seem to be vigorously mapping out the cultural spaces for science and for their own identities as forming the scientific community. In this context, scientists included in the study are not actually in the process of (re)classifying a satisfactory version of ‘science’ and ‘policy’ through their work. Instead, they are engaged in multiple versions of actively negotiated science–policy boundaries, many of which seem to have different qualities and make different demands on them as researchers/scientists.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-02-25T05:50:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022921993758
       
  • A. K. Saran’s Sociology: Towards a Critique of Modernist Mode in
           Social Sciences
    • Authors: Ajit Kumar Pandey
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.
      In the academic world of Indian Sociology, the deeply philosophical orientation of A. K. Saran’s approach, together with the masterly approaches developed by Radha Kamal Mukerjee and D. P. Mukerjee, each in his own distinct way came to be known as the trait of the Lucknow School, which made the great contribution of making traditional values not as the object of the study but as the frame of reference for sociological study and analysis. Saran, in this academic endeavour, appears to be influenced by the great philosophers like Rene Guenon, A. K. Coomaraswamy, Frithjof Schuon, Micro Pallis and Titus Burckhardt. These philosophers, though concerned with the crises of modern civilisation, were primarily remained engaged in the enunciation and interpretation of the traditional doctrines at the abstract doctrinal level. But Saran as a professional sociologist remained busy throughout his life in expounding and examining theories and ideologies, problems and problematic, conflicts and contradictions and norms, values and institutions of modern societies and welfarism. Saran took on the negative side of the task, that is, the critique of modernity as his vocation, whose unique logic-dialectical-philosophical method became his trademark. Through this article, I take an opportunity to make today’s academic world familiar with some of the significant contributions of Saran.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-09T07:51:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970317
       
  • Idea of Research-Writing in Sociology: Polemics on the Loss of a
           Transformative Practice
    • Authors: Dev Nath Pathak
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.
      Following Alwin Gouldner (1971), it is pertinent to perpetually ask a seemingly all-time relevant question. And the question is, what do sociologists do' In the manner of doing sociology of sociology, and by a polemical resurrection of fragments from the dominant practices of sociologists, this essay brings forth general understanding about the idea of research-writing in contemporary India. It underlines the anomalies in the practice of research-writing, connected with the teaching and training programmes, in a self-referential perspective. The essay substantiates the polemics with analytical reasoning, in order to reveal as to what could be reasons behind this state of sociological research-writings.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2021-01-09T07:51:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970303
       
  • The Gender Politics of Plough: Asymmetrical Taboos and Santal Women
    • Authors: Amita Kumari
      Pages: 7 - 23
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 7-23, January 2021.
      The article seeks to make a gendered study of the plough taboo, a prohibition confined only to women, in Santal society. In the light of a discussion on women-specific taboos and restrictions, their diverse interpretations, customary laws and Santal folktales, the article endeavours to explicate the deeply embedded nature of the taboo within Santal society and unravels the gender politics behind the ‘forbidden’ plough. It argues that such asymmetrical, female-only taboos are not mere symbolic expressions of a community’s belief system. They are veritable patriarchal controls meant to ensure the complete dependence of women over men. The article explores similar asymmetrical taboos in other societies to emphasize the point that such female-only taboos are associated with the crucial elements of one’s survival and hence are grave handicaps for women, in particular the single women. The taboos serve as effective tools to control and manipulate single women and their resources, which may, sometimes, be conveniently used to evict them from their property.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-12-26T05:51:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970302
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Assimilation, Heterolocalism and Ethnic Capital: The Case of an Immigrant
           Indian Community in America
    • Authors: Anirban Mukherjee, Binay Kumar Pattnaik
      Pages: 24 - 41
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 24-41, January 2021.
      The article examines the assimilation dynamics and functioning of ethnic organisations of a small immigrant Bengali community in the Kansas City, USA. Indian Bengalis in Overland Park (a suburban neighbourhood) formed a closely knit group and bonding social capital was sustained through activities of ethnic associations, consumption of ethnic amenities, and through weekend parties/get-togethers. Such ethnic bonding and meagre ethnic/racial diversity in the city (compared to the larger cities of the USA) are found to be contributing to slow and limited assimilation of Bengalis to the American society. These findings challenge the existing erudition that assimilation increases with improvement in socio-economic standing and suburbanisation of immigrants. Further, the article finds that assimilation there is segmental and ethnic associations not only provide a comfort zone to the immigrants in a culturally and racially different country but also play a prominent role in preserving the ethnic identity of its members.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-10-18T06:13:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920956737
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Narrating Fear, Tracing Landscape: Memory and Militancy ka Daur in Doda,
           Jammu and Kashmir
    • Authors: Chakraverti Mahajan
      Pages: 42 - 58
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 42-58, January 2021.
      Jammu and Kashmir has been a theatre of conflict for almost three decades now. After the outbreak of militancy in 1989–1990 in the Kashmir valley, Doda belt was the first area outside the valley where armed conflict made inroads and affected lives variedly. Based on ethnographic field work, this paper addresses three interrelated questions about the manifestation of militancy in Doda: first, how did the armed struggle for the control of landscape invoke fear (dehshat) in people and affect their way of living' Second, how did the violence by both non-state and state actors to seek control and assert power transform the local landscape itself' Third, how did the locals negotiate with shifting landscapes embedded with fear and memories of violence' I approach these questions through memory ethnography of the times of militancy (militancy ka daur). Based on conversations, narratives and participant observation, the article shows that militancy and resultant armed conflict sowed fear in people’s lives and altered their relation with space and time in multiple ways. Actors involved in the armed conflict shaped the local landscape by resorting to spatial strategies to control territory and exercise power through fear. As a consequence, locals negotiated with the landscape of fear by conforming to outright commands and through silence. Although militancy ka daur has passed in Doda, the paper argues that it has left deep imprints upon the collective memory of the people.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-10-18T06:13:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920956749
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Nation Building on the Margins: How the Anthropologists of India
           Contributed'
    • Authors: Abhijit Guha
      Pages: 59 - 75
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 59-75, January 2021.
      The contributions of the anthropologists towards nation building in the early years after independence of India is still an unexplored research agenda in the social sciences in general and anthropology and sociology in particular. Under this background, an exploration is made in this study to search the contributions of anthropologists towards nation building and it revealed that there were at least five pioneering researches which dealt with the three major challenges confronted by the planners in newly independent India, and the challenges before the nation were famine, resettlement of refugees and industrialisation and big dam building. Apart from methodology, all the five studies have immense contemporary policy relevance.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-10-16T04:29:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920956753
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Diverse and Contra-Sectional Subjectivities in Social Movement Unionism: A
           Study of Chhattisgarh Mukti Morcha (Mazdoor Karyakarta Samiti)
    • Authors: Dillip Kumar Dash
      Pages: 76 - 93
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 76-93, January 2021.
      Social movement unionism is one of the experiments of bringing together different issues and struggles associated with workers. The idea has been critiqued by different scholars because of different confrontations associated with issues and strategies. The paper argues that such discomfort arises from a monolithic understanding of social movements and their subjects. Assumption of ideological uniformity restricts analysis of the confronting nature of subjects and subjectivities as well as factions and fragmentation of movements. Here, the attempt is to understand diversity in movements through ‘contra-sectionality’. The ethnography for research was conducted on a movement named Chhattisgarh Mukti Morcha (Mazdoor Karyakarta Samiti) in Chhattisgarh. Through a contra-sectional analysis, the article reflects on fragmented consciousness and its implication for the movement.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-12-07T04:58:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970316
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Case Study Methodology of Qualitative Research: Key Attributes and
           Navigating the Conundrums in Its Application
    • Authors: Arya Priya
      Pages: 94 - 110
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page 94-110, January 2021.
      A case study is one of the most commonly used methodologies of social research. This article attempts to look into the various dimensions of a case study research strategy, the different epistemological strands which determine the particular case study type and approach adopted in the field, discusses the factors which can enhance the effectiveness of a case study research, and the debate surrounding the role of a case study in generating theoretical propositions with broader applicability. The prime focus of this article is to engage the reader with the intention of stimulating them to contribute their own bit, in order to add greater novelty and freshness to the methodology of case study.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-11-19T04:13:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970318
      Issue No: Vol. 70, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • An Elusive Universality' Crossing Paths with Veena Das and Her Oeuvre:
           A Review Essay
    • Authors: Sasheej Hegde
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-12-08T10:04:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970344
       
  • Realigning Dispossession and Negotiating Development: The Konda Reddis’
           ‘Capacity to Aspire’
    • Authors: Thanuja Mummidi
      Abstract: Sociological Bulletin, Ahead of Print.
      Culture for long has been undermined in development planning by setting it in opposition to future thinking development. Through the concept of cultural ‘capacity to aspire’, Appadurai offers a method of intervention in bringing culture to the forefront of development. The paper uses this method in explicating the Konda Reddis’ (Andhra Pradesh state, South India), capacity to aspire through their engagement with the state’s development policy envisaged and implemented for them. In the process, the paper questions, can the Adivasi; or have the Adivasis; or do the Adivasis; engineer the capacity to aspire within and outside the rhetoric of poverty and development. The conversations and group discussions carried out with the Konda Reddis show their ‘capacity for voice’, how they build ‘consensus through dissensus’ and negotiate development by altering their ‘terms of recognition’. These three aspects which together reflects their capacity to aspire, voices a counter knowledge production to the dominant, the state, that they have been keenly observing and engaging with, and concluding as a system of promises without the will to deliver. Through conviction, and compliance, the Konda Reddis negotiate development.
      Citation: Sociological Bulletin
      PubDate: 2020-12-08T10:02:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0038022920970315
       
 
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