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Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
Number of Followers: 0  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2394-4811 - ISSN (Online) 2516-6123
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1141 journals]
  • Social Trust Formation in the Workplace: Applying the Job Strain Model to
           Explain Variations in Social Trust Levels Among Employed Individuals
    • Authors: Larysa Tamilina, Natalya Tamilina
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This study applies the job strain model (JDC-S) to social trust to analyse how workplace characteristics influence social trust formation patterns. By defining the ‘workplace’ as consisting of (a) workload, (b) control and (c) social support, the JDC-S model predicts job demands to inversely relate to social trust, whereas job control and social support to positively affect trust among the employed. We utilise the sample of 60,250 respondents from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) to operationalise the three components and link them to social trust scores. Our analysis provides strong empirical evidence that the three factors are not only associated with trust among employed individuals, but that their impact is also contingent on the respondents’ sex and age.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2021-04-10T10:54:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481121995943
  • Social Exclusion Among Sexual Minorities: A Case of HIV-Positive
    • Authors: Archana Kaushik
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Sexual minorities are one of the most vulnerable and marginalised groups in the society. Sero-positivity accentuates social exclusion among the sexual minorities. The article aims to appraise the factors that make Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) vulnerable to HIV infection and lead to their social exclusion. Qualitative in nature and based on fifteen in-depth case studies of HIV-infected MSM, the study is located in Delhi, India. Findings show that variables such as age, child sexual abuse, marital status and multiple sex partners, contribute to vulnerabilities of respondents. Sociocultural milieu puts structural barriers, restricting integration of MSM in the society. Culture of silence over sexual matters, notions of proving ‘manhood’ through aggression and sexual violence are some of the factors that hamper healthy behaviours and relationships among the MSM. At the interpersonal level, possessiveness, betrayal, infidelity, heartbreak, strong emotional whirlpool when love–relations go incongruent, all take a heavy toll of their mental and physical health. These variables socially exclude the sexual minorities from the mainstream life. Findings reflect both positive (disclosing to family, abstinence, spiritual growth) and negative (suicide attempts, drug use) ways of coping among the MSM respondents. Critical areas of concern for service providers while planning interventions for social inclusion and empowerment of people with sexual minority are delineated.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2021-04-02T04:20:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481121996081
  • Ranabir Samaddar, Burdens of an Epidemic: A Policy Perspective on Covid-19
           and Migrant Labour. Kolkata, India: Mahanirban Calcutta Research Group,
           2020, 60 pp. (e-Book).
    • Authors: Anindita Chakrabarty
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2021-03-18T08:15:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481121995989
  • Secular State and the ‘Religious Left’: Navayana Buddhism and Dr
           Ambedkar’s Vision for the Future of Democracy in South Asia
    • Authors: Kalinga Tudor Silva
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In the light of ongoing debates about secular state and religious right in India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, this article examines the intellectual contribution of Dr B. R. Ambedkar towards sustaining democracy in South Asia. His critical contributions included non-violent mobilisation of Dalits and adivasis around their human rights, identity, citizenship and religious faith. Most importantly, he argued that democratic values of equality, liberty and fraternity are not only of European origin but also have roots in South Asia, particularly within the Buddhist tradition. The article reflects on Ambedkar’s politics, social philosophy and contribution to the formation of ‘religious left’ and the process of progressive democratic change via Navayana Buddhism.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2021-03-18T07:35:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481121995955
  • ‘Scheduled Tribe Dalit’ and the Recognition of Tribal Casteism
    • Authors: Stephen Christopher
      Pages: 7 - 23
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 7-23, June 2020.
      While the term ‘tribalism’ in the West draws from outmoded anthropological theory to describe the hardening of partisan group boundaries, in Himachal Pradesh it describes the contested recognition of caste heterogeneity within Scheduled Tribes (ST). Based on 15 months of fieldwork among Gaddis, this article seeks to understand the intersectionality of low-caste groups embedded within tribal formations, partially assimilated, unevenly accepted and without legal protections afforded to other marginalised communities. I argue that recognising tribal casteism is the first step to theorise tribal multiculturalism and the ever-contested broadening of communal boundaries. By tracking the discourse of ‘Scheduled Tribe Dalit’ (STD) in the Western Himalayas, this article analyses the looping effect between emic belonging and the role of state ethnology in incentivising difference.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2020-09-03T06:13:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481120945824
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2020)
  • Social Justice and Inclusion Within the Right-based Universal Workfare
           Programme with Self-selection: Lessons and Ways Forward from the
           Participation of SCs and STs in MGNREGA in Karnataka
    • Authors: Sanjiv Kumar, S. Madheswaran, B. P. Vani
      Pages: 24 - 55
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 24-55, June 2020.
      MGNREGA is a right-based universal, demand-driven workforce programme with self-selection, providing 100 days of guaranteed employment and productive asset to the poor households (HHs). Its universalism assured unlimited resources to satisfy any demand and hard manual labour ensured that only poor would like to access it by design. The programme earmarked 33 per cent share for women but did not as a right or policy incorporate any definite share or affirmative action for the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes (SCs/STs) like other flagship programmes of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) or Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY). In the light of the above paradigm, this study explores as to how far this programme had accommodated the interests and requirements of the SCs/STs in Karnataka, providing equitable wage work and productive sustainable assets by building their awareness, providing them equitable space in participatory planning and grassroots monitoring, augmenting their capability to demand work and enabling them to self-select, and in case of breach of their rights approaching accountability through social audit or Ombudsman. The study finds low awareness, low grassroots participation in planning and monitoring, and inequitable participation of SCs/STs in both wage employment and assets. The study finds exclusion of SCs/STs from the assets sharper and more pronounced than their exclusion in wage employment. The study finds evidence that a right-based workfare programme with self-selection alone was incapable of being a substitute for earmarking (reservation, affirmative action) and protecting the interests of SC/ST HHs. The study finds that promotional goals included in the guidelines do not by themselves translate into formal actions, monitorable outputs and outcomes. Our primary data also show that the socio-economic and political predicament of SC/ST HHs justified a case for definite affirmative action for them. The study gathers primary and secondary evidences to show that in Karnataka, the programme failed the test of social justice and inclusion proportionate to the disabilities and need of SCs/STs and required immediate attention and policy responses.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2020-10-20T06:27:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481120944800
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2020)
  • Social Exclusion of Muslims in India and Britain
    • Authors: Sabah Khan
      Pages: 56 - 77
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 56-77, June 2020.
      The main objective of this article is to study the complexities and nuances of exclusion of Muslims, a dominant minority group in India and Britain. It is an exploration of how Muslims, a religious minority in both India and Britain, are facing exclusion in different spheres of life, namely socio-economic and physical spaces. Moreover, it also explores the process of ‘othering’ which further excludes Muslims. It aims to explore how exclusion is directly associated with religion in face of a stigmatised religious identity. Muslims in India and Britain are not one monolith community. However, their experience of exclusion in different spheres of society offers some similarities. It offers an account of the fact that Muslims stand on the periphery in social and secular spheres of life and how this is closely related to their identity.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2020-10-06T10:28:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481120944770
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2020)
  • Caste: Understanding the Nuances from Ambedkar’s Expositions
    • Authors: Anup Hiwrale
      Pages: 78 - 96
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 78-96, June 2020.
      Caste as a concept posed a great challenge to the academic world both due to its origin and implications. Most of the academics have analysed its existence and described the operations with some implications. Dr Ambedkar had not only written on the issues of caste inequality but also fought against it in India, especially for the human rights of ex-untouchables known as Dalit’s. Therefore, it is imperative to understand his views on caste inequality which is structural in nature. As we know that, caste is a foundation of the society and it has manifested in social, economic, political and educational inequalities among various classes of the Indian society, especially caste Hindus. However, this article attempts to understand his views in the present context of growing caste inequality. In fact, there has not been much attention paid to his thought in the Indian academic world. This article also aims to enhance the understanding of caste inequality in the face of increasing global inequality of the world. In the present context, the economic gap between higher castes and lower castes is increasing in all the sphere of human life. There are changes in caste inequality at the superficial level, but there are no changes at the structural level of caste. Caste inequality has manifested in a worst form of discrimination and untouchability on the basis of birth. This article deliberates on the distinctive ideas of Dr Ambedkar on caste and its annihilation. We view this on the background of writings on caste by a selective sociologist. One needs no reiteration of the fact that caste is deeply rooted in Indian society and strengthened through various catalysts. Annihilation of caste besides analysing the origin, its perpetuation also connotes a reconstruction of Indian society based on the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, which were the basic commitments of Dr Ambedkar and embedded in Buddhism as the egalitarian religion of India. Here we touch up on the interdisciplinary contributions of Dr Ambedkar through his analysis of caste, never ever carried forward significantly. Annihilation of caste was not for a single religion, it was for all as well since all are infected by the hierarchy, if not caste. It is established here that the ideas of Ambedkar on caste and its annihilation are worth revisiting, when the discourses on caste are taking their wayward path. The article is divided into two parts. First, it explores the ideas of Ambedkar on the mechanism, genesis and development of caste; and second, how other scholars have understood caste in order to understand Indian society at large. Dr Ambedkar was a protagonist of modern democratic principles such as justice, liberty and equality.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2020-11-02T04:08:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481120944772
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2020)
  • Decomposing the Gaps in Access to LPG across Socio-Religious Groups in
           Rural India
    • Authors: Sudershan Singh, Rahul Ranjan, Oliver Nelson Gonsalves
      Pages: 97 - 112
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 97-112, June 2020.
      This article investigates the patterns of household cooking fuel choice and its determining factors for various socio-religious groups in rural India using NSS 68th Consumption Expenditure round. The article also studies how the inter-household gaps result in many levels of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) access for households belonging to various socio-religious groups. In this regard, the application of a logistic model for the considered socio-religious groups highlights the importance of income and the education level of different members of the households. Further, the differences in the probability of access to LPG among various socio-religious groups, with respect to upper caste Hindus, are decomposed using Fairlie decomposition method. The gap in income determines a major proportion of the gap, followed by the education level of the members. We also find that the Scheduled Tribes (STs) face the problem of availability of LPG, while other socio-religious groups, when compared to upper caste Hindus, either face affordability issues or possess a taste for traditional fuel.
      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2020-10-21T11:30:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481120944780
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2020)
  • Luis Cabrera. The Humble Cosmopolitan: Rights, Diversity and Trans-state
    • Authors: Sanjeev Kumar
      Pages: 113 - 116
      Abstract: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 113-116, June 2020.

      Citation: Journal of Social Inclusion Studies
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2394481120961374
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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