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Culture e Studi del Sociale - CuSSoc
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2531-3975
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  • Integration by Sport and Physical Activities in Europe: An Introduction

    • Authors: Giovanna Russo, William Gasparini
      Pages: 229 - 244
      Abstract: Sport is traditionally presented and used as a vector of integration and citizenship for foreign populations in all immigration countries. Leisure sports activities allow intercultural dialogue and offer opportunities for socialization. For this reason, in several European countries, sports associations and NGOs have initiated many sports programs open to migrants and refugees, the effects of which are often unknown to social science. Furthermore, the issue of welcoming migrants has taken on a new dimension in recent years: Europe is the region that quantitatively welcomes the largest number of international migrants. In this context, the use of sport to integrate newly arrived migrants raises many questions for social sciences. Can we thus identify practices and initiatives for integration through sport that can be generalized to all countries' How do the different European countries deal with the migratory phenomenon and with what reception arrangements and integration models' Comparing several sporting practices, programs and systems in different countries the paper investigates how inclusion and integration are translated into action strategies, and suggests a rethinking of some sociological categories. Doing so, the concepts of Integration, immigrant, migrant and sport are tested by Social Sciences in order to better understand the society we are living.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • L’accueil des migrants par le sport : l'Europe à la croi-sée de
           philosophies politiques différenciées

    • Authors: Julien Puech, François Le Yondre, Jane Freedman
      Pages: 245 - 263
      Abstract: There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of displaced people arriving in Europe in mid-2010. The reception of these populations has resulted in controversial responses and varying degrees of support, reflecting contrasting ideas of citizenship analyzed as 'political philosophies' (Favell, 1998). Many sports programmes for the inclusion of migrants have been developed in this context. However, the political objectives of these initiatives remain unclear beyond claims of the vague social and educational benefits of sport (Gasparini, 2008). Based on a cross-sectional survey of the objectives of 258 sports programmes, this paper identifies three “Ideal Types” (Weber, 1971) of political philosophies of the use of sport for migrant populations: emancipation - emphasizing the free development and well-being of individuals - integration - aiming to foster social affiliation through language and work - and protection - based on a logic of physical and/or psychological care. Although in reality none of the programmes sticks exclusively to these ideal types, and the boundaries between the categories are blurred, highlighting them enables us to envisage a political analysis of these sports programmes and of the impacts they hope to achieve.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • A Preliminary Impact Model for the Integration of Young Refugees through
           Sports Programmes

    • Authors: Enrico Michelini, Ulrike Burrmann
      Pages: 265 - 281
      Abstract: This paper outlines a provisional impact model for the social integration of young refugees in German sports clubs through sports programmes. The questions ‘what works, under what circumstances, and for whom'’ are explored based on a Realist Evaluation of these programmes’ integration goals. For this purpose, the sports programmes for refugees of selected sports clubs were examined by considering: (1) the available requests for funding and reports produced by the clubs; (2) guideline-based interviews with the clubs’ contact persons; and (3) participant observations of selected programmes. The resulting data (documents, transcriptions and observation protocols) were analysed qualitatively and interpreted using Esser’s conceptualisation of integration. The impact model shows that integrative processes were observable within the sports programmes examined. To facilitate these processes, sport must ‘show its best side’, which cannot be taken for granted. Moreover, the relevance of sport as a means of integration could not be weighed, because the influencing factors are numerous, complex and interrelated. Hence, what is portrayed as the integrative power could be the result of more complex psychosocial processes that manifest themselves in sport. Theory-guided and empirically-based evaluations may contribute to the development of a more objective reflection on integration in/through sport.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Calcio, soggettività e immaginari nell’esperienza dei “minori non
           accompagnati”

    • Authors: Anna Elia, Valentina Fedele
      Pages: 283 - 299
      Abstract: Based on a qualitative research that has involved young migrants belonging to the normative category of unaccompanied minors according to the Italian Law, hosted in centres of the Sistema di Accoglienza Integrato (SAI- Integrated Reception System), the article questions the role of football in young migrants’ daily life. Football, indeed, both played and enjoyed as a “fan”, being outside the normed paths of integration, is a possible space for the expression and affirmation of migrant subjectivities, where specific paths of construction of self-esteem can be activated. Within these paths, an important role is given to those models of masculinity that are built in the football imaginary, whose articulation allows to grasp the specific gender dimension of young migrants’ biographical experience.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • “J’ai totalement confiance en mon équipe!”. Des filles issues de la
           migration s’engagent dans le football en Suisse romande

    • Authors: Stéphanie Boyer, Béatrice Bertho
      Pages: 301 - 320
      Abstract: This article is based on ethnographic research conducted with female soccer players of migrant background playing in three 4th league teams in French-speaking Switzerland. We present a reflection on the participation and sustainable commitment of these young women in soccer, both in its sporting and associative dimensions. In Switzerland, there are few or no policies for integration through sport, as can be found in other European countries. The integration of girls in soccer clubs is itself the object of little support and attention from sporting institutions. We explore what drives female players to invest in this activity considered as subaltern when it is played by women and girls. The article highlights several reasons for their commitment, emphasizing the importance of the collective and of the affective ties within the teams as well as the social recognition that comes with it. We also show how women players engage in the situation and with the obstacles encountered in their practice to develop their agency and their resources by testing new forms of social cooperation and conflict.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Beyond Diversity. A Look at the Social Integration Paths in Sport
           Practices

    • Authors: Simona Iannaccone
      Pages: 321 - 333
      Abstract: The article examines the unifying and identifying role of sport and sheds light on the paths of social integration through sports practice. The goal is to provide useful elements for the reasoning that the social sciences have played on the role of sport as a model of integration for immigrants and ethnic minorities. Reflecting on the issue of immigration necessarily leads to consider not only the numerical dimension of the phenomenon but also the socio-cultural aspects that constitute a resource and a challenge for the host country for the purposes of social integration of immigrants. However, this perspective analyzes whether sports practice can be considered primarily as a strategic resource for integration, socialization, for the consolidation of social bonds, or, on the contrary, if it generates violence and discrimination, or even if it involves experience of the denial of identity. Although the potential of sport as a strategic resource for the social integration of minorities is fully recognized, this article intends to stimulate some observations on the limits of its role and the barriers that hinder the integration of migrants and refugees into sports.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • I valori dei giovani e la trasmissione intergenerazionale: una ricerca
           esplorativa durante l’emergenza Covid-19

    • Authors: Matteo Moscatelli, Chiara Ferrari, Sara Nanetti
      Pages: 335 - 353
      Abstract: The purpose of this contribution is to study the importance of values and the intergenerational transmission from the point of view of the z generation. Through the Evs2018 data and a case study that involved 716 subjects between the ages of 20-25 years, we have analyzed the values considered most important by young people, those believed to be inherited from parents, the knowledge of their family history and intergenerational solidarity. An in-depth study was also carried out in relation to the values that became most important for young people during the Covid19 health emergency. The main results have highlighted some aspects of continuity and specificity between the different generations and confirmed the importance of the gender dimension in the intergenerational transmission processes.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Tre narrazioni giornalistiche sul rapporto tra razza e sport: il caso dei
           “naturalizzati” italiani a Rio 2016

    • Authors: Federico Pilati
      Pages: 355 - 364
      Abstract: By analysing journalistic pieces related to the biographies of "naturalised" athletes, this article highlights the cultural assimilation functions attributed to sport proposed in two major Italian newspapers during the 2016 Olympics. Indeed, the recurring narrative structures identified in the news underline how the Italian sporting field is characterised by a functionalist public discourse, which still tends to represent foreign athletes from a post-colonial perspective.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Sport as a Tool for Integration and Social Inclusion. The Case Study
           “EsportInclou” of the Sport Institute of Barcelona

    • Authors: Valerio Della Sala
      Pages: 365 - 373
      Abstract: The note intends to introduce some specific points of reflection about how the “diversity”, in various forms, can be reduced through physical activity and sport practice. First of all, the note will introduce the European framework on the topic concerning inclusion and integration through sport and after will be observed the case study "EsportInclou" developed by the Sport Institute of Barcelona. Following the guidelines provided by the European Council, the city of Barcelona through the Barcelona EsportInclou plan, defines specific programs and actions that are able to help the integration and inclusion of those people who are affected by physical, intellectual disorders, auditory, visual and / or mental living in the neighbourhoods. The Barcelona EsportInclou program emphasizes the importance of defining a new idea of ''transformation. The plan tried to develop changes through the conception of the services offered without any type of limitation and that can favour the reduction of barriers between subjects. Finally, the contribution observes how the continuity of the financial interventions established new objectives included in the planning of the three-year period 2018-2021 (+21% M€).
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Etnografia e netnografia. Riflessioni teoriche, sfide me-todologiche ed
           esperienze di ricerca,di Giuseppe Masullo, Felice Addeo e Angela Delli
           Paoli (a cura di). Napoli: Paolo Loffredo Editore, 2020.

    • Authors: Augusto Cocorullo
      Pages: 375 - 377
      Abstract: Recensione del volume, Etnografia e netnografia. Riflessioni teoriche, sfide me-todologiche ed esperienze di ricerca, di Giuseppe Masullo, Felice Addeo e Angela Delli Paoli (a cura di). Napoli: Paolo Loffredo Editore, 2020.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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