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Culture e Studi del Sociale - CuSSoc
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2531-3975
Published by University of Salerno Homepage  [1 journal]
  • La partecipazione politica nel tempo della post-democrazia

    • Authors: Michele Sorice
      Pages: 397 - 406
      Abstract: The concept of participation has been defined in different ways over time and also the practices of political participation have been interpreted and classified in many different ways in the political procedures of the representative democracies. Similarly, the notion of conflict presents various critical points: even in some forms of democratic innovation, the conflict has been expunged or anesthetized. The growing centrality of the digital ecosystem represents a new variable: on the one hand, in fact, it offers spaces for mobilization and political action, on the other hand, it reveals itself as the outcome of a digital capitalism in which the dealignment of power between citizens and platforms is resolved clearly in favour of the latter. The emergence of what has been defined as “platform society” is connected with the affirmation of post-democracy. The public sphere - increasingly fragmented - is also evolving towards what has been defined as the “post-public sphere”. The transformations taking place can be better understood if framed in the “paradigm of the crisis”, made even more evident in the time of the pandemic. A review of many concepts then becomes necessary, within a scientific horizon that does not renounce to critically analyse its own tools.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Oltre la rappresentazione novecentesca delle dinamiche di opinione:la
           riconfigurazione del modello della doxasfera

    • Authors: Stefano Cristante
      Pages: 407 - 426
      Abstract: This article proposes a descriptive model of the performing areas present in the communication dynamics (doxasphere). This model allows us to redefine the bottlenecks of the concepts of public opinion inherited from the twentieth century tradition, definitively including the digital virtuality in the conditions of its construction and in conflicts of opinion. Moving from Bourdieu's statement that “the state of opinion, at a given moment, is a system of forces and tensions” (Bourdieu, 1973, p. 74), we identify four performing areas constantly intervening on the problematic issues that may generate conflicts of opinion: decision makers, pressure groups, multitudes and media. We define the representation of this framework “doxasphere”. Over the past few decades, the connected digital system triggered a reconfiguration of the doxasphere, whose dynamics are now produced by disintermediated decision makers, connected pressure groups and digital opinion leaders, prosumers (connected multitudes) and hybridized media.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Democrazia, partecipazione e conflitto: el caliente otoño
           latinoamericano

    • Authors: Lucia Picarella
      Pages: 427 - 442
      Abstract: This article analyzes, with a qualitative methodology, the problems underlying the delicate correlation between representation, participation, conflict, assessed in the context of the radical democracy studies and in consideration of the Latin American scenario, the laboratory par excellence of participatory practices, involved during the course of the last year by interesting protests and demonstrations. The outbreak of social conflict in this region has underlined the crisis and dysfunctionality of the democratic circuit, highlighting however interesting news compared to the past, both in terms of the peculiarity of the protest and its channeling for the purpose of redefining the political-institutional space, as well as incidence of digital ecosystems for the organization and maintenance of the action.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Civic Participation Faces Resentment: Right-wing Movements in Brazil and
           the Crisis of Democracy

    • Authors: Lorena Caminhas, Thales Vilela Lelo
      Pages: 443 - 461
      Abstract: Since 2015, Brazil has been experiencing the explosion of right-wing protests that came to light during the parliamentary coup against former president Dilma Rousseff. These protests were assembled by groups organized in digital media, which claimed forms of democratic participation to propagate undemocratic ideas. In this article, we intend to develop a critical discourse analysis of the Facebook postings of the three major digital right-wing groups in Brazil. Our sample comprises 468 posts made by these three groups when they established profiles on Facebook and at the moment of the major right-wing civil protests in Brazil between 2015 and 2018. We aim to understand the discursive strategies adopted by these groups to undermine democratic citizenship purportedly laying claim to its normative terms. We will sustain that the claims made by far-right groups needed to be normatively evaluated as manifestations of a vengeful resentment. Our goal is to highlight how the research on democratic participation in the digital society will benefit from recognizing the noxious moral emotions expressed by undemocratic activists. 
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Divari digitali e disuguaglianze in Italia prima e durante il Covid-19

    • Authors: Donatella Selva
      Pages: 463 - 483
      Abstract: The digital divides refer to access to infrastructure and technological devices, to skills required to take advantage of such access, and the structural dynamics of social inequalities, in the framework of the platform society. The Covid-19 emergency has certainly enhanced some lines of fracture between who is included and who is excluded from the network society. At the same time, the emergency has contributed to stress the need to acknowledge which are the implications of digital divides for inclusion and the full exercise of democratic citizenship. This article relies on the analysis of public policies and of the mediatized debate, taking the Covid-19 crisis as a temporal juncture. Through a review of the main measures adopted during the emergency in Italy and the comparison between lexical occurrences in media articles before and during the Covid-19, the study describes the process of politicization of the digital divides. The crisis has contributed to shift the focus from an economic and neoliberal frame, that has dominated the narrative on digital democracy so far, towards a frame of social inclusion that bring back into the agenda the rights of children, of elders, of women and of residents in rural areas.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • The Biopolitical Quest for Individuality as a Reactionary Device

    • Authors: Marco Poloni
      Pages: 485 - 495
      Abstract: With the advent of digitization and the affirmation of a symbolic value on social exchange within capital, public demonstrations of discontent are nowadays being performed along an aesthetic canon, thus losing their possible revolutionary potential. Once we internalized that it’s easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of capitalism, our struggles become individually symbolic and turn to aestheticism. Rather than stopping discontent, the power chooses to allow it because its performative content has already been neutralized. These demonstrations happen within a democratic culture – they play within the rules of the game. This is the imperial domination: to guarantee a resemblance of global peace for capital to develop, at the price of local omni-crisis. If Empire is born and shows itself as crisis, this crisis is felt at every peripheral point of the Empire. Solutions of governmentality have worked until now, but at a cost: even though there still are cathartic events, they don't manage release social tension completely – they always leave a mimetic residual. It's on those physical and psychological spaces of individual recognition that the Empire exercises its domination. And it’s there that forms of resistance can be tested.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Campagna elettorale e social media: scenari evolutivi e nuove differenze
           nella diffusione social del messaggio politico

    • Authors: Gabriella Punziano, Giuseppe Michele Padricelli, Ferdinando Iazzetta
      Pages: 497 - 516
      Abstract: The contemporary electoral campaign, that became increasingly permanent with the Net, suggests studying the field of political communication in terms of strategies for social media activities. By a quantitative content analysis approach, in this paper it is proposed an examination of behaviors from political leaders of Lega, M5S and PD for Facebook and Twitter posts during the 2018 campaign for national elections. The expected results of this study aim to recap leadership and disintermediation values of each political actor analyzing the differences marked out from the multidimensional analysis in terms of selected issues, posting methods, and, more in general, communication strategies.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • A Reading of Article 21 of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights:
           Political (Dis)engagement in the Context of Brexit

    • Authors: Ryan Service
      Pages: 517 - 526
      Abstract: Free, regular, and open elections are sought-after qualities of a liberal democracy. Reading electoral turnout as an indicator of political engagement, though, is a reductive reading and can obscure entrenched levels of political disengagement. This article considers the implications of Article 21, subsection one, of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights (1948) as an assessment of political participation. There are three lines of investigation. First, the paper will examine the model of political engagement implied within Article 21 and its subsequent iterations. Second, theories of political participation are linked to a study of civic engagement within the British parliamentary system. Third, building upon these two arguments, the 2016 Brexit referendum is presented as a case study to demonstrate the limitations of a voter turnout measurement. Political participation must be continually (re)imagined, (re)constructed, and reflected upon otherwise we rely upon voting by numbers.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • L’identità femminile nell’«Amica geniale» di Elena Ferrante e nel
           romanzo «Al-bāb al-maftūḥ» [La porta aperta] di Laṭīfa al-Zayyāt
           

    • Authors: Wardshan Moustafa Ahmed Abdelrahman
      Pages: 527 - 536
      Abstract: Starting from the assumption that socio-cultural changes have an impact on the formation of women's identities, this article explores the construction of female identities in Egypt and in Italy from a cultural perspective. This perspective analyzes texts in relation to socio-cultural changes that have occurred over time and allow people to rethink the concept of women's identity, comparing styles and cultural differences between Elena Ferrante (1943) and Laṭīfa al-Zayyāt (1923 –1996). The first section of this work focuses on the perspective of Elena Ferrante, analyzing the conflict between the traditional woman and the intellectual woman in the Neapolitan cycle of My Brilliant Friend (2011-2014) and explores the identity of woman in the light of condition of Italian women in the second half of the 20th century up to the present days. The second section focuses on the conception of women's identity and family in Egypt in the first 20th century, referring to the historical novel al-Bāb al-maftūḥ (1960, The Open Door) and focusing mainly on the struggle for the affirmation of women’s right and what this coincides with the liberation of the country from colonialism. The final results of the comparison are highlighted in the conclusion.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Promuovere l’integrazione culturale: le istituzioni e il fenomeno
           migratorio

    • Authors: Giacomo Buoncompagni, Lucia D'Ambrosi
      Pages: 537 - 550
      Abstract: T The current scenario, increasingly characterised by discursive practices and multi-ethnic social relations, requires institutions to play a more active role in strategies for the inclusion of immigrants. A complex challenge that requires a rethinking of institutional communication in order to activate a greater cooperation between self-produced and heteroproduced information. The relationship between administrations and local media facilitates the promotion of a cultural and informative pluralism, partly reducing the processes of mediation and mediatisation. The research presents the specific case of the Marche Region by investigating the communication strategies adopted by municipal authorities with a point of view to promote social inclusion. The analysis focuses on two main dimensions: the first concerns service communication to promote cultural integration, whereas the second focuses on the management of institutional information and the relationship with local media.  The main objective is to strengthen the communication strategies present today in the local context to promote the inclusion of migrants and identify how institutions can coordinate with the media to promote information of public utility.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • L'omogenitorialità tra autodeterminazione e desiderio di
           trasparenza. Autobiografie di famiglia

    • Authors: Giuseppe Masullo
      Pages: 551 - 558
      Abstract: The article examines some aspects called into question by the debate on same-sex families in Italy. We start from the writings of Giuseppina La Delfa, French language teacher and LGBT activist, who has been fighting for years for the recognition of the rights of “Famiglie Arcobaleno” (Rainbow Families), the name of the association she founded in 2005. The two autobiographical books here reviewed testify to the strong link existing between self-acceptance as homosexuals and the possibility of creating a same-sex family. Transparency and visibility of choices thus become the most effective weapons to address the complex issues posed by a society that still struggles to conceive the family as the result of “conscious” and “co-responsible” choices and the parental skills as independent from gender and sexual orientation.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • La violenza di genere confinata tra le pareti domestiche durante il
           lockdown

    • Authors: Grazia Moffa, Marianna Chirivì
      Pages: 559 - 567
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on our living systems and, more generally, on the economic and political organization of our country. The significant loss of human lives, the interruption of economic activities, the lockdown, to give just a few references, are an undoubted threat to our well-being. Rather important was the impact of the confinement on families and markedly on women, favoring the most disparate forms of abuse. In this scenario, gender-based violence is not added to the list of effects on life, but rather expresses that dimension of life - often left in the shadows - that reflects pathways of suffocated equality and rights often denied to women. Indeed, gender-based violence is an expression of inequality between women and men made clear by the COVID-19 outbreak. Therefore, the fight against gender-based violence remains a challenge for the 21st century. This paper aims to explore two key issues: gender inequality and interlinkage between reproduction and production sphere, focusing on pre-existing inequalities and vulnerabilities in women's life experiences.
      PubDate: 2020-10-09
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2020)
       
 
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