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ISSN (Print) 2338-6932 - ISSN (Online) 2597-4874
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  • CSR in the Pandemic Era Based Values State-Defense: Content Analysis on
           the Official Website of Five State-Owned Enterprises

    • Authors: Yani Hendrayani, Uljanatunnisa Uljanatunnisa
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: The urgency of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia continues to increase. Companies in Indonesia are now focusing on CSR programs to assist the government in accelerating the handling of COVID-19. This study aims to examine the form of social support by implementing CSR on the official website pages of 5 State-Owned Enterprises. The type of research used in this research is qualitative using a qualitative content analysis approach. Sampling used non-probability sampling method. The technique used was purposive sampling by taking samples of news content and various CSR activities on the website pages of 5 State-Owned Enterprises. The data analysis technique uses data coding using a deductive approach. The value analysis of CSR activities is implemented and implementing CSR based on the value state of defense. Otherwise, three CSR pillars, namely People, Profit, and Planet, are implemented in various CSR activities covering education, health, environment, infrastructure, community empowerment, disaster management, and special assistance to affected communities. The Result of the seven categories, the three most frequently encountered are community economic empowerment support through Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and health support and educational support.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.260
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Single Mothers' Survival Strategies of University Students During
           COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Priyono Tri Febrianto
      Pages: 19 - 36
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the social and economic sectors. Family, the smallest social unit, is experiencing the impact, particularly for the woman as single-parent. Being a single parent is either a choice, decision, or condition that must be accepted due to the spouse’s passing or other condition. Single parents carried numerous burdens alone, including earning a living and raising the children. These burdens have a significant impact on single parents. This study aims to reveal single-parent families’ survival mechanisms. The research applied a qualitative method by interviewing single mothers from university students in East Java Province, Indonesia. This study used the theory of survival mechanism proposed by James Scott. The study found that instabilities generated by the COVID-19 pandemic produced enormous diminishing income. Such ordeals faced by single parents are burdensome because they initially had to support the family amid the feeble economy. Income vulnerability becomes a deep concern for single mothers. Pandemic COVID-19 caused these mothers to empower themselves and develop various survival strategies. The mothers from middle-class families live frugally and selective when they buy something they need. While mothers from lower-class families did different survival mechanisms, range from careful spending, owe some money, and open a business using their ex-husband’s savings. Furthermore, they are also working overtime, empowering their children to help with the work, diversifying jobs by opening food stalls up to have an online shop. Therefore, it can be assumed that the COVID-19 pandemic has made single parents struggle even more to fulfil their family needs.
      PubDate: 2021-04-26
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.301
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Palm Oil and Natural Disasters: Sociological Meanings of Discourses on the
           Ecological Impact of Oil Palm Expansion

    • Authors: Siska Adhariani, Afrizal Afrizal
      Pages: 37 - 53
      Abstract: Since its inception and until now, oil palm plantations have been controversial in Indonesia. Although there is ample evidence presented by proponents proving that oil palm expansion has made an important contribution to the Indonesian economy, from an ecological point of view, it is claimed by critics to have negative impacts on the environment, one of which is the cause of natural disasters. The link between oil palm expansion and natural disasters is debated between critics and supporters of oil palm expansion. This study examines the theme of criticism of oil palm expansion as a cause of natural disasters and counter-discourse of supporting oil palm expansion. By using literature study methods and an environmental, sociological perspective, it is found that the discourse on the impact of oil palm plantation expansion shows a contradiction between the views of the New Ecological Paradigm (Paradigma Ekologi Baru or PEB) and the Human Exemptionalism Paradigm (Paradigma Keterpisahan Manusia or HEP). The Indonesian government is building a counter-discourse of ecological modernization to maintain and develop oil palm plantations expansion.
      PubDate: 2021-04-27
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.286
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Behavior Analysis of Brand Loyalists and Brand Switcher in 5-Star
           Accommodation Services in Medan City

    • Authors: Femmy Indriany Dalimunthe
      Pages: 54 - 71
      Abstract: A brand is a fundamental part of the marketing strategy in influencing purchase interest. A person’s buying ability will influence a customer to choose the product they want. In addition, higher competitiveness among hotels will create more awareness to maintain customer satisfaction and turn it into customer loyalty as the main target of their marketing. In connection with achieving customer loyalty, hotels must study the factors influencing customers to become loyal or switch from the hotel brand. A brand can be measured through brand equity which consists of a set of assets and liabilities of the Brand associated with the name and symbol of the Brand that can be given to consumers. Important and measurable components in forming brand equity include brand awareness, brand association, perceived quality, and brand loyalty. This study examines the variables that make the difference between loyalists and customers who switch hotel brands. The data used were taken from 42 respondents spread across the International Departure Terminal of Kualanamu Airport. The research method used is descriptive with a quantitative approach. The data were analyzed using the discriminant analysis method through the SPSS 12.0 program. And other limitations for this research are 5-Star Hotels and Chain International in Medan. Discriminant analysis shows that one factor requiring search variation distinguishes between brand loyalists and brand switchers. The Brand switching matrices show that all hotels serving consumers in Medan have low customer loyalty. The ratio between brand loyalists and brand switchers was 1:9, which means that only one person is loyal to one brand out of 10 consumers of accommodation services. The rest are types of consumers who like to switch to other brands.
      PubDate: 2021-05-25
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.299
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Intellectual Capital in Customer’s Perception of Sharia Banking in

    • Authors: Nizwan Zukhri, Sri Rahayu, Hidayati Hidayati, Erita Rosalina
      Pages: 72 - 82
      Abstract: This study investigates the influence of intellectual capital with the dimensions of Human Assets (HC), Structural Capital (SC), and Relationships (RC) on banking performance in the perceptions of customers on Syariah Bank in Pangkalpinang. The choice of method in this research is quantitative with the target of five Sharia banks in Pangkalpinang, namely Bank Syariah Mandiri, BRI Syariah, Bank SumselBabel Syariah, and Bank Muamalat. There were 20 questionnaires distributed in each Sharia bank. The measuring instrument used to calculate the variables is Structure Equation Modeling (SEM). The path coefficient value data processing or path coefficient bootstrapping analysis with the direction of the relationship obtained the human asset variable (HC) results, showing a positive number of 0.361. The structural capital variable (SC) shows a positive number of 0.436, the human asset variable (HC), and the capital variable structural (SC) has a positive effect on banking performance. For the relation variable (RC), the original value showed a positive number of 0.076. The t-statistic value was smaller than the t-value, 0.704 <1.96 so that the relationship variable had no positive effect on banking performance.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.245
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Influence of Work Competency and Motivation on Employee Performance

    • Authors: Benedictus Kristo Wijayanto, Asri Laksmi Riani
      Pages: 83 - 93
      Abstract: Employee performance has a contribution to the development of a company. The personal performance of an employee can influence by competency and work motivation factors. This research was arranged based on theoretical analysis as well as empirical studies. The research aims to define a structured thinking concept about the relationship between competency variables, work motivation, and employee performance. Worker performance is the result of efforts achieved by a person or group who work in a company. Then competence leads to the employee’s deep and inherent personality. Work motivation is the driving force that makes an employee use his/her abilities to complete the works. Further research can examine conceptual frameworks in business, manufacturing, and service organizations.
      PubDate: 2021-05-31
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.290
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Influence of Prophetic Leadership and Job Satisfaction toward
           Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) on Employees of Prof. Dr. H.
           Kadirun Yahya Foundation in Medan

    • Authors: Sherry Hadiyani, Abdhy Aulia Adnans, Ferry Novliadi, Fahmi Fahmi
      Pages: 94 - 106
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the influence of prophetic leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) on employees of Prof. Dr. H. Kadirun Yahya Foundation in Medan. The study used a survey model involving 64 employees of Prof. Dr. H. Kadirun Yahya Foundation in Medan. The data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The results indicated that prophetic leadership and job satisfaction significantly positively influenced organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The coefficient of the determinant (R²) of prophetic leadership and job satisfaction showed a value of 0.134, meaning that variation of organizational citizenship behavior is influenced by prophetic leadership and job satisfaction as much as 13.4%, and other factors influenced the rest.
      PubDate: 2021-06-11
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.291
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Analysis of Integrity and Satisfaction Effect on Teacher Loyalty in

    • Authors: Franky Franky, Thomas Budiman
      Pages: 107 - 114
      Abstract: Kupang is a city where teacher competence is still low. The government has disbursed quite a lot of funds for teacher development in Kupang. It is unfortunate if the teachers who have been fostered do not have high loyalty to move to other schools or leave the area. It is suspected that loyalty is influenced by teacher satisfaction and integrity. Satisfaction can include satisfaction with salary, workload, leadership, co-workers, awards, regulations, and facilities. If the components influence of satisfaction and integrity on teacher loyalty in Kupang can be found, then policies to increase loyalty can be pursued. This research aims to analyze the distribution of teachers in Kupang based on their loyalty, analyze the distribution of teachers in Kupang based on their general satisfaction, the distribution of teachers in Kupang based on their integrity, and the effect of integrity and satisfaction on teacher loyalty in Kupang. This research was conducted based on 141 teachers in Kupang who were selected by purposive sampling. The method used for data analysis is Partial Least Square (PLS) and Distribution Table. The data analysis found that 39% of respondents had low loyalty, and 61% had high loyalty; 48.2% of respondents had low general satisfaction and 51.8% had high satisfaction, 44% had low integrity, and 56% had high integrity. Variables that influence loyalty are integrity, satisfaction with salary, school rules, and co-workers. The higher the integrity and satisfaction component of salaries, regulations, and co-workers, the higher the loyalty of teachers in Kupang.
      PubDate: 2021-06-15
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.296
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Analysis of Factors Affecting Preparation Level for the Industry 4.0
           Era in the COVID-19 Pandemic on Employees in DKI Jakarta

    • Authors: Rianti Setiadi, Franky Franky
      Pages: 115 - 123
      Abstract: This study analyses significant factors affecting the level of preparation for the industry 4.0 era related to anxiety about the COVID-19 pandemic on employees in DKI Jakarta. Apart from being influenced by the anxiety of the COVID-19 pandemic, the level of preparation for the industry 4.0 is also differentiated by gender, age, education, marital status, decreasing income, and loyalty. Therefore, companies can arrange the planning related to preparing the industry 4.0 during the COVID-19 pandemic if those factors have been figured out. This study used a quantitative method, and the population of this study is full-time employees in DKI Jakarta. The sample was selected by using the snowball sampling technique distributed to 12 companies in DKI Jakarta. The distribution was conducted through the WhatsApp application for a month, and it was gained 228 respondents.  Snowball sampling technique used in correlation with the implementation of large-scale social restrictions caused by COVID-19 pandemic. The data analysis used a multiple linear regression model. The results show that factors affecting the level of employees’ preparation in DKI Jakarta for industry 4.0 related to the anxiety of the COVID-19 pandemic are loyalty and a decrease in income.
      PubDate: 2021-06-21
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.320
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Service-learning as a Strategy to Promote Global Citizenship in Indonesia

    • Authors: Yusuf Faisal Ali, Yayuk Hidayah
      Pages: 124 - 139
      Abstract: The problem behind this research is service-learning usefulness as a strategy to promote global citizenship at universities in Indonesia. The methodology used in this research is a qualitative type of phenomenology. The research subjects were students involved in the Student Executive Board or Badan Eksekutif Mahasiswa (BEM) organization from eight different campuses in the Special Region of Yogyakarta or Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). The research results show two findings, 1) service-learning in student organizations can promote global citizenship values, and 2) service-learning in student organizations can improve industrial skills. Thus, this study concluded that student organizations in higher education could be a place to promote global citizenship and improve industrial revolution 4.0 skills among students. Therefore, the recommendation in this study is for further researchers to research by emphasizing learning outcomes that focus on the level of numbers and readiness to face the industrial revolution, which includes the ability to adopt values ​​and nature as Indonesian people and as citizens of the world.
      PubDate: 2021-06-25
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.145
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Implementation of Quick on the Draw Strategy in Learning to Understand
           Description Text Information

    • Authors: Intama Jemy Polii, Abdul Muqit, Justien R. R. Wuisang, Jerry Rommy Herter Wuisang
      Pages: 140 - 150
      Abstract: This classroom action research aimed to improve the seventh-grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Tondano (Public Middle School) in understanding the information of a descriptive text. This research was conducted in two cycles. The research subjects were 28 students of class VII-A. The results showed that implementing the Quick on the Draw strategy in learning to understand descriptive text information created a learning atmosphere that excites students. It allows all students to play active roles during the learning as the nine steps of Quick on the Draw place students as the subject. Students use their potentials to think independently, solve problems jointly, and obtain additional information not provided by the teachers. The final test results showed that from 28 students, 27 students (96.42%) scored above 75, and 1 student (3.58%) below the standard. The ability of students to understand classical descriptive text information was 83, beyond the Minimum Learning Mastery Standard.
      PubDate: 2021-06-29
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.311
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Distrust of Healthcare Services: Pregnant Women’s Lack of Willingness to
           Use Maternity Waiting Home Service in Wonogiri Regency

    • Authors: Sri Hilmi Pujihartati, Mahendra Wijaya, Argyo Demartoto
      Pages: 151 - 159
      Abstract: To reduce the maternal mortality rate, a health service program that ensures the good health of pregnant women is needed. Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) is a program to reduce maternal mortality. This program is implemented in various regions in Indonesia, and the one is in Wonogiri Regency. In its implementation, it is not uncommon to find obstacles that come from various parties. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method to explain the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service and its distrust. This study seeks to explain the trust of various stakeholders, especially pregnant women, in the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service in Wonogiri Regency. Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and interviews were conducted to collect data by generating samples from various stakeholders. In reality, the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service in Wonogiri Regency experiences obstacles, especially from the trust of its users. Many pregnant women are unwilling to use the Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service for several reasons. There is distrust in the service because of many factors. This study concludes that Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service stakeholders in Wonogiri Regency should address and fix this important problem by intensifying socialization about the urgent of Maternity Waiting Home (MWH) service.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.184
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Entrepreneurial and Market Orientation as Determinants of Postharvest
           Factors for Muntok Pepper by Farmers

    • Authors: Evahelda Evahelda, Iwan Setiawan, Rati Purwasih, Rufti Puji Astuti
      Pages: 160 - 173
      Abstract: The problem of Muntok Pepper business performance continues to decline due to the inability of farmers to face price uncertainty, recognize and understand market conditions. The fact is that the number of business actors continues to grow. Competing to face changes in the business environment is necessary, so entrepreneurial farmers are needed. This study aims to look at the postharvest process carried out by Muntok Pepper farmers and analyze whether entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation are determinant factors that affect the postharvest handling process. The research method used a survey method involving 60 farmers. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), data analysis was carried out using smart Partial Least Squares (PLS). The results showed that the postharvest handling process was significantly influenced by entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation, but entrepreneurial orientation influence was greater than market orientation. Farmers carry out postharvest handling of Muntok Pepper in two stages. 50% of farmers carry out threshing, soaking, and drying processes. 50% of farmers do not do the sorting, grading, and milling process. Farmers’ decisions in postharvest handling are more influenced by the influence of the entrepreneurial orientation of farmers. Farmers who are motivated to excel, dare to take risks, and are willing to innovate by using new production methods tend to carry out a good postharvest handling process, not only threshing, soaking, and drying but also sort and process pepper derivative products.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.256
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Financial Literacy, Risk Tolerance, and Financial Management of
           Micro-enterprise Actors

    • Authors: Heni Hirawati, Yacobo P Sijabat, Axel Giovanni
      Pages: 174 - 186
      Abstract: Micro-enterprises have a significant role in the country’s economy. However, business owners must face various problems to develop their business. One of the problems is the limited funding for micro-enterprises due to the low financial literacy of business owners. In addition, the business owner’s tolerance for risk is also expected to affect the financial management of micro-enterprises. This study aims to determine the level of financial literacy andtolerance of business owners and the financial management of micro-enterprises. This research method uses a questionnaire distributed to micro-enterprise owners in Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Region. The results showed that the level of financial literacy of micro-enterprise owners was in the medium category. Micro-enterprise owners have a neutral attitude towards risk and are not individuals who dare to take risks but do not avoid risk. Financial management carried out by business owners is still in the poor category. Improvement of financial literacy, understanding of risks, and financial management of micro-enterprises still need to be done.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.277
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Policy Implementation on Establishment and Management of Village-Owned
           Enterprises in Indonesia

    • Authors: Andy Alfatih, Diana Dewi Sartika, Dyah Hapsari Eko Nueraheni
      Pages: 187 - 204
      Abstract: One of the efforts to obtain and increase village revenue was by running a business through a village-owned enterprise (VOEs). A policy was needed for utilizing village resources in establishing a village-owned enterprise. The Musi Rawas Regency Government had made a policy, namely Musi Rawas Regency Regional Regulation Number 10 of 2013, concerning Guidelines for the Establishment and Management of Village-Owned Enterprises (VOEs). Villages of Musi Rawas Regency had implemented this regulation. This research aimed to evaluate the implementation of this regional regulation. This research method is descriptive quantitative comprises a sample survey and descriptive analysis indicators resulting from the sample survey. The population of this research was 174 Village-Owned Enterprises (VOEs/BUMDes) in Musi Rawas Regency. At the same time, the sample was 64 VOEs which was taken by referring to the Slovin formula. There were primary data and secondary ones. Primary data came mainly from the questionnaire and field observation. Meanwhile, secondary data were sourced from documents, such as archives and reports. Data were analyzed by descriptive technique. The descriptive technique was done by displaying data, assessing them, delivering argument, quoting theory for justification and confirmation, and concluding. Implementing the Regional Regulation concerning Guidelines for the Establishment and Management of Village-Owned Enterprises (VOEs) was successful. This could be seen from several indicators, refers to Ripley & Franklin (1986), namely: 1) There existed compliance of policy implementers towards the content of the regional regulation. The degree of compliance was high and was in a good category. 2) The establishment and management of VOEs (the smoothness of routine functions) were also high and classified as good, and 3) The performance of the management of VOEs was also good. The impact of policy implementation (regional regulation of Musi Rawas Regency) was positive (good).
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.295
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Planning and Budgeting Process of Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget:
           A Study on the Consistency of Pangkalpinang City Government’s Planning
           and Budgeting Process for the 2018-2020 Fiscal Year

    • Authors: Failasophia Karima, Choirul Saleh, Sarwono Sarwono
      Pages: 205 - 227
      Abstract: The consistency between planning and budgeting is important because it is a marker for local governments in assessing the performance of all government programs and activities, whether they are running well and according to the goals set. The difference in consistency in the Pangkalpinang City Government occurs from year to year. Still, there is a commitment from the Regional Head to build consistency between planning and budgeting to realize community welfare. This research has a purpose: to find out and analyze how the consistency between planning and budgeting in the 2018 to 2020 fiscal year is through an analysis of the planning process and the budgeting process to see what factors support this consistency. The research method used uses a qualitative approach and analysis through the Interactive Model of Miles and Huberman. The results obtained from the research are planning and budgeting process in the Pangkalpinang City Government is still not consistent. The research locus is at the Regional Development Planning and Research Agency of the Pangkalpinang City, Regional Finance Agency of Pangkalpinang City, and Regional House of Representatives Budget Agency of Pangkalpinang City. Each year, the consistency that occurs is different in the Regional Government Work Plan (Rencana Kerja Pemerintah Daerah or RKPD). The highest consistency is found at the end of the Regional Medium-Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah or RPJMD), which in this research falls on the 2018 Regional Government Work Plan (RKPD).
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.214
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Selection Satisfaction and Attributes of Higher Education Institutions:
           Mediation of Information Satisfaction

    • Authors: Irfandi Buamonabot, Muhammad Asril Arilaha, Johan Fahri
      Pages: 228 - 240
      Abstract: This study aimed to examine the satisfaction of information availability in mediating the relationship between attributes of and satisfaction in choosing higher education institutions for Universitas Khairun and IAIN Ternate. A total of 252 students from both institutions were involved in this survey, with an effective rate of return of 70%. A hierarchical regression analysis was run by using IBM SPSS version 24. The results showed that for Universitas Khairun, information satisfaction fully mediates the relationship between attributes and satisfaction in choosing a university. In contrast, for IAIN Ternate, information satisfaction is only an independent variable. The implications and suggestions for further research are also discussed in this study.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.292
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Role of Social Capital on the Livelihood Strategy of the Pengkalen
           Batu Community, Payung Sub-district, South Bangka Regency

    • Authors: Herdiyanti Herdiyanti, Aimie Sulaiman, Laila Hayati, Amir Dedoe
      Pages: 241 - 251
      Abstract: This research is one of the studies that refer to the socio-economic conditions of the Bangka community, especially in Pengkalen Batu Hamlet, in carrying out livelihood strategies. This research aims to explain the livelihood strategies the people of Pengkalen Batu Hamlet implemented in carrying out their lives amid limited access away from the village, which makes the community have to survive. This is based on the variety of natural potentials owned by the community and can be utilized in carrying out life amidst the limitations possessed by the community. Conditions during limited access and far from rural and urban settlements encourage people to be more active and creative in managing nature wisely and wisely. The condition of assets owned by the community varies from natural, physical, financial, social, and human capital. This research uses descriptive qualitative research methods and purposive sampling data collection techniques. Based on the results of the research, the Pengkalen Batu community carried out several livelihood strategies, including life engineering, job diversification strategies from the various natural potentials they had, then migration engineering strategies carried out by the local community. The three strategies carried out do not just appear. Still, there is a push for access to social capital that makes people think and move creatively and innovatively in developing their natural potential.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.306
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Branding of Ternate City

    • Authors: Johan Fahri, Fichriyanto M Ahmad
      Pages: 252 - 263
      Abstract: City branding has become a massive effort by many cities as tourist destinations to promote the city nationally and internationally. Ambon City, the Capital of Maluku Province, known as the “City of Music,” and the City of Solo with “Solo the Spirit of Java,” are examples of city branding. In North Maluku Province, Ternate City has a long history of colonialism, international trade, and a developing city. Unfortunately, inconsistencies still exist in how the city should be known. This study aims to identify and define city branding by using the constructivist grounded theory method. The themes identified were quality tourism, economic value, community engagement, stakeholder consensus, legendary ancient leadership, and historic and renowned commodity. Six main themes are theoretically based on how to branding Ternate city and involving seven important participants. These themes are then used to define the branding of Ternate City. Current research offers a testable model to brand a place or city based on the identified subjects. At the same time, potential future studies are also suggested regarding the weaknesses of the current study.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.297
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Relationship Pattern of Fatherless Impacts to Internet Addiction, the
           Tendency to Suicide and Learning Difficulties for Students at SMAN ABC

    • Authors: Bunga Maharani Yasmin Wibiharto, Rianti Setiadi, Yekti Widyaningsih
      Pages: 264 - 276
      Abstract: Fatherless is the absence of a father figure. Some impacts of fatherlessness are loneliness, openness, depression, self-control, and self-esteem. These factors can influence internet addiction and suicidal tendencies. It also can cause difficulty in the learning process for students. This study aims to determine the significant impacts caused by fatherlessness and the relation to internet addiction, suicidal tendencies, and learning difficulties. The method used is Partial Least Square. The results showed that the significant impacts caused by fatherlessness are loneliness, depression, and self-esteem. The impacts of fatherless that influence internet addiction are loneliness and depression. The impact of fatherlessness that influences suicidal tendencies is depression. Internet addiction and suicidal tendencies influence learning difficulties.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.275
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Effort to Increase Loyalty through Brand Image, Brand Trust, and
           Satisfaction as Intervening Variables

    • Authors: Martin Martin, Nasib Nasib
      Pages: 277 - 288
      Abstract: Polytechnic is a university focusing on vocational education. Politeknik Unggul LP3M is to provide an appropriate vocational education in supporting industrial demand. This study focuses on maximizing students’ loyalty influenced by brand image and trust, where students’ satisfaction is an intervening variable. Path analysis was chosen for this study. As many as 125 people were chosen as respondents, and the technique sampling used purposive random sampling. The study showed that brand image and trust significantly impact students’ loyalty and satisfaction in Politeknik Unggul LP3M. Students’ satisfaction has a crucial role in mediating brand image and brand trust on students’ loyalty.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.303
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • “Ocean Grabbing!”: Deprivation of Fishermen’s Rights or Management
           Rights of Coastal and Marine Resources

    • Authors: Jeanne Darc Noviayanti Manik, Wirazilmustaan Wirazilmustaan
      Pages: 289 - 301
      Abstract: The state is obliged to strive for the realization of justice for traditional fishing communities. Traditional communities are fishing communities whose traditional rights are still recognized in carrying out fishing activities or other legal activities in certain areas located in archipelagic waters following the international law of the sea. Coastal space areas and small islands that indigenous/traditional communities have managed from the obligation to have location permits and management take national interests and laws and regulations into account. Article 26 A of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1 of 2014 makes it easy for outsiders to control small islands that regulate the use of small islands and surrounding coasts through investment forms based on a ministerial permit that must prioritize the national interest. Positive law must protect traditional fishing communities and indigenous peoples. This research aims to analyze the regulation of fishermen’s protection from deprivation of their rights in earning a living and livelihood. The research method used is normative research, meaning the implementation of legal provisions in the form of legislation in activities for certain legal events in the community, especially the fishing community. Normative research refers to and examines laws and regulations related to the research being conducted. The research locations cover coastal areas throughout Indonesia, especially Banda Aceh, Padang, Jakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, Manado, Kupang, Ternate, and Mataram. The state can provide knowledge, guidance, and protection for fishermen from various actions of deprivation of their rights to earn a living and protection such as piracy, the practice of fishing theft, abuse of trawling, transshipment activities, threats, and violence by foreign parties to Indonesian fishers. The central government and local governments are obliged to provide facilities for guaranteeing fishing areas or fishing coverage areas that are safe and do not overlap with other fields.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.216
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Defining Financial Management Within Sakeenah Family

    • Authors: Hartaty Hadady, Muhsin N Bailusy, Rheza Pratama, Johan Fahri
      Pages: 302 - 318
      Abstract: Secularism has been entering every aspect of life, including a micro-level of financial management of a family. This study sheds light on how religious views can be used to minimize the influence of secularism. This study was mainly aimed at demonstrating how sacred goals in Muslim families, through Sakeenah values, can be used as an antidote to secularism practices in managing family finance. Thirteen contextual characteristics of financial management in eight Muslim families were identified using the Grounded Theory method. These characteristics were used to verify main concepts—basic financial management, family structure, Sakeenah elements, and a form of secularism—usury. Using the Grounded Theory method was also the other aim of this study that demonstrated its use to deepen the interrelation between those four main concepts and those characteristics contextually. Several limitations surfaced after the analyses, and this allowed recommendations for future studies.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.312
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Migrant Workers Empowerment through Productive Migrant Village Programs in
           Banyumas, Indonesia

    • Authors: Muslihudin Muslihudin, Tyas Retno Wulan, Tri Sugiarto, Sotyania Wardhianna, Sri Wijayanti
      Pages: 319 - 330
      Abstract: This study explains empowering Indonesian Migrant Workers (IMW) through Productive Migrant Village Programs (PMVP) in the Banyumas Regency. PMVP is a program of the Ministry of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia held since 2016. The program aims are to empower, improve services and protection for IMWs starting from the village. The paradigm of the study is a constructivist paradigm by using a critical model. The research method used is a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach, which explores data to get the meaning of the basic and essential things of the empirical phenomena experienced by the research subject. The results of the research are 1). In providing information about the process of migrant workers faced with challenges from recruitment agencies/recruitment companies (Private Indonesian Migrant Worker Placement Agency). 2). In the stage of the production process, there are obstacles that the equipment provided by the Ministry cannot use. 3). The care of children of migrant workers is still individual only to their families. The community even still stigmatizes them as children who deserve problems since their parents abandoned them. 4). Late initiation of the migrant workers’ cooperatives. Procedures for establishing migrant workers cooperatives, mentoring, and guidance specifically related to migrant workers are needed.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.261
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Transparency of Village Financial Management in Pulau Morotai Regency

    • Authors: Suriana A.R. Mahdi, Rinto Syahdan, Nurdin Nurdin, Irfandi Buamonabot
      Pages: 331 - 355
      Abstract: This study aims to provide an overview of the transparency of village financial management in Pulau Morotai Regency, North Maluku Province, Indonesia. The sample in this study was taken by using a purposive sampling method, involving 440 respondents, and spread in 88 villages in Pulau Morotai Regency. Data processing techniques used descriptive statistics with a class interval approach. The results show that the indicators of clarity of roles and responsibilities, implementation of government affairs are still dominated by the head of the village who has the authority for village financial management. Indicators of budget disclosure show relatively the same as indicators of clarity of roles and responsibilities. The indicators of information availability indicate that the accessibility of public information in villages located in the subdistrict capital is relatively good. In contrast, the last indicator, integrity assurance, shows that data validity still being a problem in the village planning process. This study also discusses the implications as well as suggestions for future studies.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.289
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Application of Word of Mouth in Building Community Trust and
           University Brand Image on Selection Decision for UPBJJ-UT Ternate

    • Authors: Anfas Anfas, Ida Hidayanti, Mohbir Umasugi, Ibnu Sina Hi Yusuf
      Pages: 356 - 379
      Abstract: This study examines the application of word of mouth to build community trust and university brand image on the community selection decision for UPBJJ-UT Ternate. The samples were obtained from eight regencies in North Maluku Province through a survey method aided with Smart PLS 3.8 analysis. In addition to the insignificant effect of university image on community selection decision, the findings indicated that (1) university image has a significant effect on word of mouth, (2) community trust has a significant effect on word of mouth, (3) community trust has a significant effect on selection decision, and (4) word of mouth has a significant effect on community selection decision.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.308
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Mangrove Tourism Movement Strategy in Realizing Ecocentrism Behavior

    • Authors: Aimie Sulaiman, Komang Jaka Ferdian, La Ode Muhamad Muliawan
      Pages: 380 - 392
      Abstract: The ecological damage to the coast of Bangka has forced the community to carry out environmental conservation movements to improve their marine ecology. The environmental movement carried out by the HKm Gempa 01 Group in Kurau Barat Village is an ecocentrism activity that is the antithesis of anthropocentrism behavior that has damaged the environment in the Bangka Belitung Islands. On that basis, this research was conducted to analyze and know the Ecocentrism-based Mangrove Tourism Movement Strategy. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method with data collection techniques using observation, interviews with purposive sampling techniques, and documents, while the analysis technique uses data triangulation. The results showed that the HKm Gempa 01 Group mobilized three stakeholders, namely the government, the community, and tourists, to manage the Mangrove area based on ecocentrism behavior. The success of the management of the area forms a movement strategy that can pressure three stakeholders to transform anthropocentrism behavior towards ecocentrism behavior in the management of the Munjang Kurau Mangrove area.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.243
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
  • Urbanization and Tourism Development in Bogor City

    • Authors: Agustina Multi Purnomo
      Pages: 393 - 409
      Abstract: This study examines the impact of urbanization on tourism development in Bogor City as part of the Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA). Previous studies examined the impact of urbanization based on an analysis of urbanization indicators. Inter-city relations in JMA lead to capital and population flows in the form of inter-city migration, development of residential and industrial areas. This study examines the impact of urbanization on tourism development in cities around Jakarta. The argument put forward, urbanization can build a form of city tourism. The study was conducted in Bogor City, a part of JMA, which has experienced urbanization since the royal era and has a variety of tourism services. In contrast to previous research, this study examines urbanization indicator data and the relationship between urbanization history and urbanization indicator data with the development of tourism facilities. The study found that urbanization encourages the development of hotel and restaurant tourism facilities in Bogor City. This is not related to the historical urbanization of the city, other tourism developments, and the relative position of Bogor City among JMA cities. Urbanization encourages the development of tourism facilities through inter-city tourist activity. The research proposes to study the development of tourism facilities as a new perspective on urbanization studies at JMA.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      DOI: 10.33019/society.v9i1.338
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
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