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Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2302-707X - ISSN (Online) 2540-8828
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGE, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND RESIDENTIAL AREA
           TOWARDS CONTRACEPTIVE USE IN MARRIED WOMEN IN INDONESIA

    • Authors: Nurussyifa Afiana Zaen
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Indonesia was the fourth most densely populated country in the world with more than 260 million people in 2017. One of the government's efforts to overcome the high rate of population growth is a family planning program by using contraception methods. However, the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) for all contraception methods in Indonesia in 2017 was only 63.6%, lower than its target in 2017 which was 65.6%. Several previous studies have shown that there are factors that cause low contraceptive use, such as age, education, and residential area. This study aims to analyze the relationship between age, education level, and residential area with contraceptive use in married women in Indonesia. This study used secondary data from the 2017 IDHS with a cross-sectional design. The sample of this study was married women of 15-49 years old age group, with a total of 35,479 respondents. Data analysis used Chi-square statistical test. The results were the variables of age (p=0.000), education level (p=0.000), and residential area (p=0.008) showed statistically significant results. In conclusion, there are relations between age, education level, and residential area with contraceptive use in married women in Indonesia. Therefore, the coordination of cross-sectoral and cross-program needs to be carried out, such as intensifying the promotion and implementation of family planning programs in the community, socializing education about family planning, and equitable access to family planning services and information throughout Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.1-10
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • FACTORS OF TUBAL LIGATION USE FOR AGE LESS THAN FORTY IN URBAN AREAS OF
           PANGKALPINANG, BANGKA BELITUNG PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    • Authors: Antarini Antarini
      Pages: 11 - 18
      Abstract: Tubal ligation is a long-term contraceptive and relatively non-adverse, but the problem is that fecundity return surgery for couples who want to change plans to add more children cannot be guaranteed and the cost is very expensive. The research aims to analyze the factors that influence tubectomy contraception for acceptors aged less than 40 years in Pangkalpinang City in 2016. The research type was explanatory with a cross-sectional design. The sample was tubectomy contraceptive acceptors of 95 people. Data analysis was performed using a Chi-square test to determine the relationship between variables. The results showed there was no relationship between maternal education (p=0.512), husband's education (p=0.802), maternal job (p=0.522), parity (p=0.533), knowledge (p=0.484), and support from their husband (p=0.622) with tubectomy less than 40 years of age. The reasons for tubectomy that are most often cited are related to health factors and family factors/number of children. Almost all respondents (98%) stated that they were satisfied after having a tubectomy seen from several factors including the reasons underlying the desire for tubectomy, the amount of support, the attitude, and role of the husband, support from the family, community, and role models, and easy access to costs and places to get tubectomy health services.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • SUPPORTING FACTORS FOR IMPLEMENTING EARLY BREASTFEEDING IN CHILDREN AGE
           0-24 MONTHS (2017 IDHS DATA ANALYSIS)

    • Authors: Dyah Silviananda Widhiastuti, Lutfi Agus Salim
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (IMD) is an important step in early life and achieves the goals of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in preventing infant mortality by 2030. Providing Early Initiation of Breastfeeding is also the first step in achieving the success of exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age. The mistake of providing IMD and exclusive breastfeeding can lead to nutritional deficiencies which will affect the intellectual decline of infants and threaten human potential in the future, especially in Indonesia. This research aims to analyze the supporting factors for the implementation of Early Breastfeeding Initiation (IMD) in children aged 0-24 months. The method in this research is a cross-sectional study to analyze the relationship between all the variables studied using secondary data from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) collected from 6,291 children who had received breastfeeding and women aged 15-49 years who had done birth during the last 5 years. The results showed that the factors supporting the successful implementation of early initiation of breastfeeding in children aged 0-24 months were maternal education (p=0.0009) and wealth quintile factors (p=0.037). Meanwhile, place of birth and area of residence factors showed that there was no relationship with the successful implementation of early initiation of breastfeeding in children aged 0-24 months.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.19-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • FORECASTING OF COVID-19 DAILY CASES IN INDONESIA USING ARIMA MODEL

    • Authors: Zia Azuro Zuhairoh, Yuliana Sarasati
      Pages: 28 - 35
      Abstract: COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) continues to be a global issue. The disease began to spread due to direct contact with the seafood market in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. COVID-19 cases globally and especially in Indonesia, are still increasing as well. Therefore, it is important to forecast future cases as a form of vigilance and materials to formulate strategies in controlling the spread and procurement of health systems. This study aims to predict daily cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia. This research includes non-reactive studies by collecting daily case data on COVID-19 from October 1st to December 31st, 2020 from the COVID-19 Task Force website in Indonesia. The results showed that the model that is fit to describe COVID-19 cases in Indonesia is ARIMA [5,1,0] with a model significance of 0.000 and constant of 0.049 (p value <0.05), Ljung-Box Q of 0.880 (p value >0.05) and residual normality of 0.330 (p value >0.05). The three months forecasting (from January to March 2021) showed a number that tended to increase. The increase in cases occurred due to environment, behavior, health services, and genetics. Therefore, it is necessary to increase cooperation between the government and the community so that efforts to suppress the growth of COVID-19 cases are optimal.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.28-35
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • DETERMINANT FACTORS FOR UNINTENDED PREGNANCY IN BALI PROVINCE

    • Authors: Putu Ayu Indrayathi, Putu Erma Pradnyani, Ngakan Putu Anom Harjana, Luh Putu Sinthya Ulandari, Anastasia Septya Titisari, Luh Kadek Ratih Swandewi
      Pages: 36 - 44
      Abstract: Bali Province has the lowest unmet need achievement, namely 8.1%, meaning that it has a low-value gap between the availability of contraceptive services and the needs of the community. This study analyzed the factors that influence the incidence of unintended pregnancy among childbearing-age women in Bali. This research is a secondary data analysis from the Program Performance and Accountability Survey (PPAS) of the National Population and Family Planning Board in 2019. The variables studied were selected from the PPAS’s Women data, with 1,214 samples of married fertile women aged 15-59 years in Bali. Multivariate analysis in the form of a logistic regression test is carried out to estimate factors that affect unintended pregnancy incidence in childbearing-age women in Bali. Factors influencing unintended pregnancy are age and having heard of family planning, understanding birth control, understanding population issues, and having listened to adolescent reproductive health. The multivariate analysis shown that age and having heard of family planning are two factors that significantly influence unintended pregnancy. Two factors that influence unintended pregnancy in Bali are age and having heard about family planning. Therefore, cross-sector engagement is required to provide a family planning program to the targeted fertile women's age found in this research to improve women's exposure to the program.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.36-44
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • DOMINANT FACTORS AFFECTING SHORT BIRTH INTERVAL BASED ON DATA OF IDHS 2017

    • Authors: Nedra Wati Zaly, Mugia Bayu Raharja
      Pages: 45 - 53
      Abstract: Short birth distances can be risky for the mother as well as for the baby. Mothers who experience pregnancy with too close a distance can be at risk of early rupture of amniotic fluid, bleeding, and anemia, while infants were at risk of low birth weight and death. To avoid such risks, couples of childbearing age should plan and determine the distance of pregnancy. The purpose of the study was to identify the most dominant factors that influence the incidence of short birth distances. Knowledge of birth distance is very beneficial for women's reproductive health. Furthermore, women are expected to delay pregnancy or provide birth distance after the previous birth. This study used secondary data from the Indonesian Health Demographics Survey (IDHS) 2017. The sample of this study is of women who gave birth to the last child born alive in the last five years when IDHS data were taken. The results of this study showed that the factor that most influences the occurrence of short birth distance is the survival status of the child after being controlled by other variables.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.45-53
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • DETERMINANTS DROP OUT EVENTS TOOLS WOMEN CONTRACEPTIVE FERTILE AGE 15-49
           YEARS IN THE BENGKULU PROVINCE (2017 IDHS DATA ANALYSIS)

    • Authors: Nopia Wati, Ferasinta Ferasinta, Oktarianita Oktarianita, Frensi Triastuti, Bintang Agustina Pratiwi
      Pages: 54 - 61
      Abstract: The continued use of contraception has an effect on the effectiveness of a contraceptive method to prevent the occurrence of an unwanted pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to find the association of the incidence of contraceptive discontinuation in women of 15-49 years of age in Bengkulu Province. While the benefits of this study specifically for the National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) are to overcome the problems associated with Population, Family Planning and Family Development (KKBPK) for the discontinuation of contraceptive use in WUS in Family Planning in Bengkulu Province. This study uses a cross-sectional design using secondary data from the 2017 IDHS data on respondents of Fertile Age Women, and the results of the data analyzed using the SPSS program with the Univariate, Bivariate Chi-Square test. The results of this study found that WUS who discontinued using contraceptives were 89 people (33.8%), with the reason that the dominant husband opposed 85 people (32.3%) and health problems as many as 44 people (16.7%). Most were 15-35 years old and high school graduates, most worked and lived in the village. There is no relationship between age (p value 0.420), education (p value 0.304), employment (p value 0.275), area of residence (p value 0.714) and wealth index (economy) (p value 0.232) with the incidence of contraceptive use in Fertile Age Women Bengkulu Province. Factors of age, education, occupation, area of residence and wealth index (economy) impact the incidence of dropping out of contraceptive use in women of childbearing age.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.54-61
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • FORECASTING THE NUMBER OF VERTICAL REFERRALS FOR BPJS PARTICIPANTS AT
           HEALTH SERVICE CENTER IN UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA USING ARIMA MODEL

    • Authors: Princessa Aulia Faradiela, Arief Wibowo, Yeni Rahmah Husniyawati
      Pages: 62 - 71
      Abstract: Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) is a time series forecasting method to estimate future events using past data. It can perform short-term forecasting on data with all types of data patterns, both seasonal and non-seasonal data. This study aims to report the best ARIMA for vertical referral cases in BPJS PLK Universitas Airlangga participants. This method used to analyze the number of vertical references for BPJS participants. The research method used is non-intrusive using secondary data and the sample used was the entire population of vertical point reference data for BPJS PLK UNAIR in 2020. The purposive sampling used until 266 data are found. The results of the analysis show that the ARIMA model used to estimate the number of vertical referrals participants is AR [6] or also known as ARIMA [6,0,0]. As for PLK Campus B UNAIR is ARIMA [0,1,1]. In this model, all diagnostic tests have met the assumption requirements. The results of forecasting the number of vertical referrals in PLK Campus C shows the number of vertical referrals will tend to have a constant or horizontal trend with a smaller reference value than the data in 2020. Meanwhile, the number of vertical referrals of PLK Campus B UNAIR has decreased in number compare to 2020. This forecasting has a MAPE value below 10% so the forecasting model has a very good performance in forecasting examples of vertical referrals for BPJS participants in the future. Then the results are useful for making policies to deal with future cases.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.62-71
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • ANALYSIS OF UKS MANAGEMENT READINESS AND MY HEALTH REPORT BOOKS IN
           ELEMENTARY SCHOOL OF SURABAYA CITY AND GRESIK DISTRICT

    • Authors: Yuly Sulistyorini, Maulidiyatun Nafiisah, Diah Indriani, Soenarnatalina Melaniani, Mahmudah Mahmudah, Sulvy Dwi Anggraini
      Pages: 72 - 79
      Abstract: The School's Health Clinic or Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah (UKS) is used as the unit to carry out health programs, especially in the school environment. The UKS has direct benefits for improving the health of schoolchildren and has great potential in the success of the health promotion program for students. This study aims to determine the management of UKS in Primary Schools in Surabaya City and Gresik District in the aspects of UKS management readiness, aspects of ease in understanding my health report card and the ease of implementing my health report card. This study was a cross-sectional observational study. The data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed descriptively. Based on the results of the questionnaire analysis, it was still found a number of elementary schools in Surabaya City and Gresik District who are in a condition not ready in the aspects of managing their UKS There are still elementary schools in Surabaya City and Gresik Regency who find it difficult to understand the health report cards for students and also find it difficult to implement student health report cards. The advice that can be given is that schools need to prepare everything, for example, in selecting competent human resources in their fields, seeking readiness for UKS implementation facilities and infrastructure, and coordinating with related sectors such as the Health Office and Education Office related to financial problems in procuring health report cards for students so that all schools in Gresik Regency and Surabaya City can distribute evenly to all students.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.72-79
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS OF PREGNANT WOMEN, THE CAUSES, AND THE NEED FOR
           SOCIAL SUPPORT

    • Authors: Tati Nuryati, Yulmaida Amir
      Pages: 80 - 88
      Abstract: Some research reports that women who give birth often experience anxiety, fear, and even depression. This study aims to get an overview of mental health problems of pregnant women, the causes, and the need for social support. The study design is a quantitative study with a survey method. Data collection on mental problems for pregnant women begins with early detection for pregnant women by asking 25 simple questions. Data collection uses a questionnaire with a combination of closed and open questions. The location was at the Bojong Menteng Health Center, Rawalumbu, Bekasi City, in the first-second weeks of February 2020. Samples were taken using a population sampling technique with a total of 44 people. Data analysis uses quantitative descriptive methods. The results found pregnant women who experience depression (22.3%), anxiety (43.2%), sleep disorders (70.4%), and psychosomatic disorders. The cause is an unplanned pregnancy, an unwanted pregnancy, financial problems, a less harmonious family, birth spacing, and demands for work. The need for social support from spouses, family, friends, Posyandu cadres in the form of affection, attention, and a place to confide in, also needs support from health workers to assist them in dealing with problems to overcome their perceived complaints. Mental health problems of pregnant women, the causes, and the need for social support must be addressed with the policies and services of mental health services for pregnant women. So that pregnant women can carry out their pregnancy until delivery and the postpartum period is in a healthy and happy state.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.80-88
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • POSTPARTUM FAMILY PLANNING IN DKI JAKARTA: RUN CHART ANALYSIS

    • Authors: Siti Fatimah, Dadan Erwandi, Sabarinah Prasetyo
      Pages: 89 - 97
      Abstract: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is one of the national health indicators to achieve the success of maternal health efforts where the number of MMR in Indonesia reached 305 per 100,000 live births. Family planning services including Post Partum Family Planning/Keluarga Berencana Pascapersalinan (KBPP) can effectively reduce maternal mortality by reducing births and reducing high risk. The high number of KBPP users in DKI Jakarta can be caused by many things such as local government support, level of service by health workers, and others. Therefore, this study aims to analyze and find out the special causes that cause the number of KBPP participants in DKI Jakarta and as a lesson learned for other local governments. This research is a descriptive study to see the variety of data on the number of KBPP participants in DKI Jakarta. Univariate analysis was used to describe the number of KBPP participants and bivariate analysis to explain the characteristics of the variables studied based on time, namely in the form of a run chart. Based on four tests that have been carried out on the data on the number of KBPP participants in DKI Jakarta, it can be said that there is one test that meets the requirements as a variation of system data so that there is a special cause that causes the number of KBPP participants in 2019-2020. The existence of policy support from the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government, and various stakeholders has resulted in high coverage of the use of postpartum family planning.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.89-97
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • 'DO I HAVE TO CHOOSE'' TWO CHILDREN VS FOUR CHILDREN IN
           BALI’S FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM

    • Authors: Anastasia Septya Titisari, Carol Warren, Anja Reid, Luh Kadek Ratih Swandewi
      Pages: 98 - 109
      Abstract: The Indonesian family planning program has been running for over five decades. Until the present, the implementation of this program still generates debate over important policy issues. On June 14th, 2019, the Balinese provincial government released a new pro-natalist family planning policy No.1545 (Keluarga Berencana Krama Bali) to respond to the concerns from the national family planning program two-child policy success. What are the implications for Balinese women's position in response to the political and cultural policies that impact their reproductive rights' This study analyzes the tensions between the national family planning program's two-child policy and the recent local Balinese Keluarga Berencana Krama model by focusing on Balinese women's perspectives. Ethnographic research was conducted from January to February 2020 in Bali. This study indicates that the women's fertility decisions were constrained by patrilineal structures, economic stresses, and government population policies. Krama Bali, which encourages a four children model according to the Balinese naming system, complicates the triple burden impacts on Balinese women's agency. The new pro-natalist provincial policy explicitly prioritizes cultural values and indirectly exacerbates the pressure to produce inheriting sons. Balinese women had to choose between cultural preservation and economic considerations, which intensified the tensions between their productive, reproductive, and customary (adat) obligations. Internal and external pressures imposed upon the Balinese women participants have forced them to navigate conflicting economic, political, and cultural demands with varying degrees of agency.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v11i1.2022.98-109
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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