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Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2302-707X - ISSN (Online) 2540-8828
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
           ANALYSIS 2016

    • Authors: Auni Rahmatika, Trias Mahmudiono, Mahmudah Mahmudah, Soenarnatalina Melaniani
      Abstract: One of the countries in Asia that has a high prevalence of wasting is Timor-Leste. The prevalence of wasting in Timor-Leste is 24% in children aged 15-49 months. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that influence the incidence of wasting in children aged 15-49 months in Timor Leste. This research is an analysis of secondary data from the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in Timor-Leste using a cross-sectional approach. Informants in this study were mothers of toddlers aged 15-49 years and had toddlers aged 15-49 months. the number of samples in this study were 1,207 mothers. Bivariate analysis was performed by Chi-Square test and multivariate test by logistic regression test. The results showed that the factors that influence wasting are low birth weight, history of breastfeeding and mother's education level. Meanwhile, after being analyzed using logistic regression, the most influencing variables were low birth weight babies with a significant value of 0.028 and an OR value of 0.620.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.134-142
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Mugia Bayu Raharja, Nedra Wati Zaly, Wisnu Fadila, Robani Catursaptani, Wahyu Utomo
      Abstract: Ensuring quality health coverage for all, especially for older people, is one of the SDGs goals to be achieved. Goal 3 with target 3.8 on universal health coverage (UHC), emphasizes the importance of all people having access to quality health services without the risk of financial hardship. This study aimed to determine the coverage of the National Health Insurance (NHI) and factors related to the ownership of NHI among elderly people in Indonesia. Data from the 2020 National Socio-Economic Survey was used to analyze 121,961 elderly people aged 60 years and above across all provinces in Indonesia. The variables studied included socio-demographic variables, economic status, and health status of the elderly. A chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between NHI ownership status and the independent variables. The results showed that most of the elderly were aged 60-69 years, had low education, and lived in rural areas. NHI coverage for the elderly in Indonesia is already good, although there are still high disparities in some regions. The result of logistic regression analysis showed that the NHI ownership status of the elderly has a significant relationship with age, place of residence, education level, and wealth status. Efforts to expand the reach of NHI for the elderly should be increased as one of the strategies in realizing the SDGs targets.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.239-248
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)
  • Binaural Beats’ Effect On Pregnant Women Primigravida To Reduce
           Labor Process Pain

    • Authors: Ihya' Ulumuddin Ar-Rayyan, Yusva Dwi Saputra, Ardelia Bertha Prastika, Nunik Puspitasari
      Abstract: Background: Anxiety in pregnant women is often found in third-trimester primigravida women. Anxiety is
      caused by three main neurotransmitters, namely serotonin, norepinephrine, and GABA. Anxiety can affect
      labor pain. Anxiety can be alleviated by relaxation music. According to several studies, binaural beats are
      a type of relaxation music that is considered a cheap, safe, and without side effects method to relieve
      anxiety and pain in patients.
      Aims: This study was conducted to determine the effect of binaural beats on anxiety and pain in the first
      stage of labor.
      Methods: The method in this study is a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest control group using
      the HRS-A questionnaire. The respondents of this study are 36 primigravida mothers at 36 weeks of
      gestation, then the respondents were divided into four different groups, alpha, beta, gamma, and control
      groups. The intervention was carried out for two weeks before delivery, by listening to the type of music
      and/or the type of wave binaural beats according to the group for 20 minutes. For measuring the labor pain
      scale, the Verbal Descriptor Scale was used.
      Results: The data obtained will be analyzed using SPSS with Paired-Sample T-Test, One-Way ANOVA
      tests, and Regression Linear tests. All these results have good results on alpha and beta groups.
      Conclusion: So that binaural beats alpha and beta waves have a good effect on reducing the pain scale
      of the 1st stage of labor. Keywords: anxiety, binaural beats, labor pain, primigravida
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.210-218
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Eka Cahya Febriyanto, Rachmah Indawati, Mahmudah Mahmudah, Fuad Ama
      Abstract: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR), is a country's welfare indicator especially about the women's health. It is included in the development index and the quality of life index. The determinants of maternal mortality are elements that collectively cause maternal mortality. This quantitative research used secondary data on MMR and its influencing factors in East Java Province during the 2017-2019 period and the analysis of the panel data used regression. The trend of Maternal mortality in East Java Province has decreased from year to year; in 2019, it was 89.81 per 100,000 live births. The variable pregnant women using blood-added pills (X1) with a probability value of 0.020 (p<0.05) is found to significantly affected the maternal mortality in the panel regression analysis utilizing the Random Effect Model. The Random Effect Model, which this study found to be the best, contains the model equation Yit = 225.7721 - 1.919457 X1it and the administration of blood-added pills is the variable that significantly affects maternal mortality. The results of this study indicate the need for educational efforts, especially regarding to the benefits of blood-added pills for pregnant women and to correct the misunderstanding about the benefits of blood-added pills in the community, so that the coverage of blood supplement consumption in pregnant women can be increased. Together with the primary health care system and obstetricians, an integrative approach and counseling among pregnant women and their partners will increase awareness of maternity health and birth management.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.177-185
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Wulan Angraini, Hilma Amrullah, Henni Febriawati, Riska Yanuarti
      Abstract: The Government of Indonesia through the National Population and Family Planning Board has established the programme to raise the age of first marriage. Based on the Performance and Accountability Program Survey/Survei Kinerja dan Akuntabilitas Program(SKAP) in 2019, there were 33% of teenagers in Indonesia did not know when to get married. The 2017 IDHS data shows 12,9% that women in Bengkulu have given birth and are pregnant with their first child aged 15-19 years. The cross-sectional study design used secondary data from the 2019 SKAP. Samples of this study were 341 teenager in Bengkulu Province. The instrument was instrument used in SKAP 2019, namely questionnaire for adolescents, families and women of childbearing age which consist of plan of age at first marriage. Analysis data univariable, analysis bivariable chi-square, and analysis multivariable logistic regression. The results showed that the majority of adolescents in Bengkulu Province (71.6%) had plans to marry at the age of 21 for girls and 25 for boys. The predisposing factors related to plan of age at first marriage are adolescent age, adolescent education, adolescent knowledge (Family Development, Family Planning, Adolescent Reproductive Health, Center for Information and Counseling-Adolescent Reproductive Health (PIK-KRR), family planning methods, the Planning Generation (GenRe) Program, impact of Early Marriage), Family Function Practice, Adolescent Attitudes (age of marriage, desire to have children), dating experience and sexual behavior. The most influential factor in the planning of the age at marriage among adolescents in Bengkulu Province is knowledge of reproductive health.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.143-154
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Febri Wicaksono, Nisa Qonita
      Abstract: Java Island has become main destination for inter-regional migrants in Indonesia for decades. Previous studies has shown that migration can be expected to have a strong effect on fertility behavior of female migrants. The objective of this study is to examine fertility patterns of internal female migrants into Java Island. The generalized poisson regression models are used to investigate the socialization, the disruption, and the adaptation hypotheses in explaining the fertility differences between migrants and non-migrants. This study finds that the fertility rate for migrants is higher relative to the non-migrants. The analysis shows that first, there is a fertility assimilation process in migration into Java Island with fertility increasing gradually with age at migration. Second, there is a fertility disruption process in migration into Java Island with short-term fertility-lowering-effect of migration event. However, this study find no evidence on fertility adaptation process in migration into Java Island.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.219-229
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Sari Kistiana, Andhika Ajie Baskoro
      Abstract: Family planning is generally recognized as a crucial key in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to explore whether the predictors of modern contraceptive use among young married women differ by place of residence. The data were drawn from the 2019 Indonesia Population, Family Planning, and Family Development Program Performance and Accountability Survey. This study restricted the sample of non-pregnant married women aged 15-24, resulting in a sample of 3,927 young married women. Logistic regression with the place of residence variable used as an interaction term to model the association between selected social, economic, and demographic variables and the outcome variable, modern contraceptive use for each group of women. The number of living children and region exhibited significant variability in contraceptive use among urban and rural young married women. Urban young married women with 1-2 children had higher odds (OR = 27.10; p = 0.000) of using contraceptives compared to rural ones (OR = 15.60; p = 0.000) in regard to number of living children. Rural women residing other islands (non-Java Bali) were less affected (OR = 0.59; p = 0.000) than urban young married women in accessing modern contraceptives (OR = 0.64; p = 0.002). Disseminating information, education, and communication about the health risk of having more than two children would improve the use of modern contraceptives. Family planning policies should also be tailored to address the specific needs of different places of residence with geographical regions.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.186-198
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Marnita Simatupang
      Abstract: Woman early marriage defined as a marriage that happens to a woman under 16 years. Early marriage can affect the mother’s and baby’s health. Free sex, education, and poverty remain the three significant factors of early marriage. West Java Province is the third-highest province with cases of early marriage with 19.23% of cases in Indonesia in the year of 2020. The cases number of cases of early marriage in an area certainly has different characteristics. The proximity factor between regions can influence it. This study aims to model instances of early marriage in West Java Province by considering spatial aspects using the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) method. The existence of spatial dependence and heterogeneity is proven by Moran’s Index and Breusch-Pagan value less than alpha (0.05). The results of GWR modeling using Gaussian Kernel Weights show that the Percentage of Woman Who Got Pregnant before 16 Years Old (X1), Average Years of Schooling for Woman (X2), and Percentage of Poor People (X3), have significant impact of the percentage of early marriage in West Java. The Percentage of Woman Who Got Pregnant before 16 Years Old (X1) variable and the Percentage of Poor People variable (X3) have a positively affects the percentage of early marriage in West Java Province in 2020. At the same time, Average Years of Schooling for Woman (X2) has a negative effect. Based on calculations, the best model in modeling early marriage in West Java Province is the GWR model, with an adjusted R2 value of 93.18%.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.155-164
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)
           AFRICA (THE DHS PROGRAM 2016)

    • Authors: Alfadhila Khairil Sinatrya, Trias Mahmudiono, Mahmudah Mahmudah, Soenarnatalina Melaniani
      Abstract: Overweight and obesity can be interpreted as abnormal fat accumulation that can cause health problems. The average BMI (Body Mass Index) in adult women has also continued to increase. This study aims to identify the relationship between age, alcohol consumption, cigarette consumption, employment status, economic status, ethnicity and area of ​​residence with the incidence of obesity in women aged 15-49 years in South Africa and determine the most influential factors on obesity. This study is a quantitative study with a design cross-sectional using secondary data from The DHS Program 2016. Respondents in this study were women aged 15 - 49 years in South Africa as many as 1158 people. The dependent variable in this study is the nutritional status of obesity which is classified as obese if BMI ≥25 kg/m2. While the independent variables are age, alcohol consumption, cigarette consumption, employment status, economic status, ethnicity, and area of ​​residence. Data were analyzed by chi-square and logistic regression. The results showed that the factors associated with obesity were age, employment status and economic status (p-value <0.05). The most influential factor is adult age with a range of 25 - 49 years. Therefore, there is a need for behavioral changes in adult women 25-49 years in South Africa and national monitoring evaluation of multisectoral programs for obesity prevention in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.124-133
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Alda Natasya Hutabarat
      Abstract: Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a type of disease that has wildly spread during 2020. The transmission of this disease is connected by human activity and hygiene which also means that this disease might related with population density. The goal of this study is to discover the correlation between COVID-19 transmission with population density. The research areas used in this study is East Java Province during 2020. The data used for this study are COVID-19 confirmed cases and population density in 2020 East Java Province from Central Bureau of Statistics. Spatial Autocorrelation and Moran’I Methods used in this study discovered that there are some weak correlations (I=0,247) between COVID-19 cases and population density in East Java Province 2020. There are 9 areas with p value ≤0.05. These areas are Trenggalek Regency, Ngawi Regency, Madiun City with p=0.05 significant. Ponorogo Regency, Madiun Regency, Magetan Regency, Gresik Regency, Sidoarjo Regency and Surabaya City with p=0,001 significant. This discovery has some similarities with other studies.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.230-238
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Fitri Atikasari, Lucia Yovieta Hendrati
      Abstract: The mortality of hypertensive pregnant women was a complication of obstetrics or pregnancy. It was caused by several factors such as low health services and economic status. This study was purposed to analyze the relationship between the mortality of hypertensive pregnant women and its factors. In addition, this study evaluated the mortality of pregnant women in 38 districts/cities in East Java. The Pearson correlation test was used in this study to analyze the secondary data from 2019-2021 East Java Health Profile and Central Bureau of Statistics report. Furthermore, data processing analysis was conducted by using the Health Mapper and SPSS applications. It was found that there was a relationship between the coverage of solving obstetric complications and the mortality of hypertensive pregnant women in 2021 (p<0.001), there was a relationship between the coverage of health services for pregnant women (K4) and the mortality of hypertensive pregnant women in 2021 (p<0.001), and there was a relationship between the number of poor people with hypertensive maternal deaths in 2021 (p<0.001). Besides, the coverage of obstetric complications solving, coverage of health services for pregnant women (K4), and number of poor people were related to the mortality of hypertensive pregnant women. There was a need for an intervention program of activities which must be carried out by paying more attention to the health of pregnant women, especially for people with hypertension.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.199-209
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Imelda Hutasoit
      Abstract: The systematic and accurate data on population has become pivotal point to overview the development of population in particular region, so that it required to a conduct a study to explore the description of the population growth rate, the factors causing the high population growth rate, and the impact of the high population growth rate in Batam Municipality. This study was exploratory research with a qualitative approach to analyze the population phenomenon in Batam Municipality. Data were collected using observation, interview, documentation, and audio-visual material collection. Informants were determined by purposive sampling and snowball techniques. This study used the Spradley analysis model with four stages of analysis, such as domain, taxonomic, components, and cultural themes. The results showed that the population growth rate increased from 1980 to 2012, but began to decline since the decline in economic growth in 2013 which indicated that the population growth rate in Batam Municipality followed the pattern of economic growth. The high rate of population growth was due to the high number of in-migration (65%) and high birth rates (35%), because most migrants were in productive age. The high rate of population growth in Batam Municipality had caused various population problems, such as citizenship status, citizenship administration services, illegal housing, traffic congestion, clean water crisis, waste accumulation, potential loss of local ethnic values, potential ethnic conflict, and potential increased of crime rate in Batam Municipality.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v12i2.2023.165-176
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2023)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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