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Social Development & Security : Journal of Scientific Papers
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2522-9842
Published by Open Science in Ukraine Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Actual problems of creating general logistics system in the Ukraine
           Defense Forces

    • Authors: Ivan Tkach, Volodymyr Kivlyuk, Pavlo Smolych
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Purpose: identify the main problems of the logistics as a management governing organ to support the defense system of Ukraine and to suggest ways to solve them. Design/Method/Approach: the main research methods are methods of statistical analysis, military-economic analysis, expert forecasting methods. Findings: from the mentioned problematic issues, there is a need to create the state logistics, as a system of logistics flow management and the definition of state standards, a clear conceptual framework for logistics, both state and military (military). Theoretical implications: in the article, the authors made an attempt and proposed to improve the system of material resources support and services of the Ukraine Defense Forces and create a united logistics system of the state, as management system of material, information and human flows which based on their optimization. Papertype: descriptive and analytical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.1
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Specificity and content of the protection of the marine section of the
           state border of Ukraine

    • Authors: Yuri Sazonov
      Pages: 7 - 13
      Abstract: Purpose: was to analyze the specifics of protection and defense of the sea area of the state crown of Ukraine. Design/Method/Approach: analyzed scientific literature, legal documents, the results of the analysis of operational and service activities at the sea border, analytical reports on the situation at the state border. Findings: basic differences in maritime border protection, namely: - the need for visual inspection and radio monitoring; - control of the coastal strip in order to detect signs of landing, ie violation of the law on border issues in the coastal area or entry into the sea of violators; - representatives of the border service are obliged to report on detected non-military and military ships in the waters of Ukraine; - personnel of the Border Guard Service, personnel of ships and border aviation have the right to act in accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On the State Border"; - observance of the border regime in the issue of accounting, storage and release of watercraft, etc. Theoretical implications: in the compilation of popular scientific views on the problem of research. The practical value of the study lies in the fact that the compilation of scientific views on the problem and the features of the functioning of the maritime border.  Future research. Promising areas of further research are identified as follows: ways to improve methods of protection and defense of the maritime area of the state border. Papertype: theoretical and generalizing.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.2
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Cross-temporal analysis of the Russian Federation weapons and military
           equipment losses during the wars on the territory of other states over the
           last 30 years

    • Authors: Volodymyr Dachkovsky, Igor Kondratiuk, Andrii Diadechko, Oleksandr Sampir, Denis Pavlov
      Pages: 14 - 29
      Abstract: Purpose:  the purpose of the article is to conduct a cross-temporal analysis of the loss of weapons and military equipment of the Russian Federation during the wars on the territory of other states over the past 30 years. Design/Method/Approach: To achieve the purpose of the study, a search was conducted on the course of wars involving groups of Russian troops, analysis of losses of weapons and military equipment of the Russian Federation, cross-temporal comparison of each military conflict, based on the comparison identified major causes of losses and trends hostilities on the territory of Ukraine. Findings:  the article analyzes the magnitude of losses of weapons and military equipment of the occupying forces of the Russian Federation during hostilities in other countries and full-scale invasion of Ukraine Theoretical implications: It is that the first cross-temporal comparison of the losses of weapons and military equipment of units of the Russian Federation, which fought in other countries and during the invasion of Ukraine. Practical implications: Collecting, summarizing and systematizing data on the causes of disarmament of weapons and military equipment during hostilities makes it possible to analyze this information in order to prevent, prevent or reduce the negative impact of these factors in the future. The processing of these statistics will provide an opportunity to prepare proposals for determining the required composition of rolling stock for maintenance and repair of weapons and military equipment during operations (combat operations). Also, the availability of generalized data on the amount of losses of weapons and military equipment will provide an opportunity to predict the necessary strategic stockpile of weapons and military equipment for timely replenishment of irreparable losses during defense (counter-offensive) operations (combat operations). Originality/Value: the value of the study lies in the further need to further analyze the loss of weapons and military equipment of the Russian Federation in Ukraine in the next three months of the war and identify opportunities for military-industrial potential of the Russian Federation to restore lost weapons and military equipment. Research limitations/Future research: the limitation of the study is the use of publicly available sources. Future research involves taking into account the forces and means of the enemy who is fighting in Ukraine, in order to reduce the negative consequences, which gives us priority areas for greater preservation of forces and means of logistics.  Paper type: theoretical
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.3
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Formalized student representation in the higher military education
           institution online learning system

    • Authors: Serhii Shylo, Ihor Borozenets, Serhii Osiievskyi, Oleksii Nesmiian, Pavlo Open’ko, Oleh Uhrynovych
      Pages: 30 - 38
      Abstract: Purpose: the aim of the work is to develop (improve) the online learning model, which allows to improve the quality of the educational process of higher education and achieve the necessary indicators of learning quality using the distance learning system. Design/Method/Approach: for achieving the research goal, the model, which consists of personal individual, moral and psychological, mental, linguistic, motor, psychophysiological, and other properties of the sub 'elements training, as well as the features of the presentation of educational material at different stages of training and in conditions of its incompleteness and a priori uncertainty, had been proposed. Findings: the stages of construction of the formalization apparatus for presenting the student model with the use of the online learning systems in the conditions of limited possibilities for presenting educational information and the time limit for acquiring the necessary competencies are considered. Theoretical implications: based on the results of the study, formalized representation of the learning process in the online learning system and its main components had been received. Practical implications (if applicable): the formalization apparatus allows to take into account the personal intellectual, moral and psychological, mental, linguistic, motor, psycho-physiological, and other properties of the subjects, which will allow achieving the goals of the training process in the most effective manner. Originality/Value: the value of the study lies in its practical significance for further research in the direction of developing (improving) the model of online learning, which will improve the quality of the educational process of higher education and achieve the required quality of learning using online learning. Future research. one of the main disadvantages of information modeling of automated learning processes is the need to adhere to the assumption of additivity of the information measure, which is not always fair in practice..  Papertype: theoretical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.4
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The influence of interpersonal relations between military services on the
           

    • Authors: Maria Yarmolchyk, Oleksandr Vodchyts, Liliia Semenenko, Alevtyna Hetman, Olha Romanchenko
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: Purpose: based on the analysis of the experience of foreign scientists and the activities of military units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to establish the impact of interpersonal relations between servicemen on the level of manifestation of neurotic states. Design/Method/Approach: theoretical (analysis, synthesis, generalization, comparison), empirical (survey, observation, testing), methods of mathematical statistics (Kolmogorov-Smirnov criterion, Pearson and Student correlation coefficients), methods for diagnosing the psychological state. Findings: investigated and established how interpersonal relationships in the unit affect the level of neurotic states in servicemen. investigated and established how interpersonal relationships in the unit affect the level of neurotic states in servicemen. Theoretical implications: implications: the main result of research on the subject of the article is to determine the parameters of interpersonal relations in the military unit, which are predictors of the development of neurotic states. Papertype: scientific and practical (research).
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.5
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of existing scientific approaches to managing the development of
           agricultural formations in order to identify their shortcomings and ways
           to improve this process

    • Authors: Viktoriia Henchevska
      Pages: 47 - 55
      Abstract: Purpose: is to analyze existing scientific approaches, methods, techniques, models of logistics management and management of agricultural development in order to identify their shortcomings in theoretical and practical areas and ways to improve this process. Design/Method/Approach: to realize the purpose of the study, an analysis of existing scientific approaches, methods, techniques, models of logistics management and management of agricultural development and determined that the concept of management of these agricultural enterprises is based on logistics approach, the functional component of which is logistics management. The essence of logistics management is revealed, its structural components and directions of implementation in the management activities of agricultural firms in modern market conditions are given. It is determined that the process of logistics management takes place under the influence of destructive factors (factors) in order to neutralize this impact in difficult operating conditions for further improvement of logistics management in domestic agricultural formations.  Findings: the article reveals the scientific approaches and views of many scientists on the theory and practice of logistics management in the processes of logistics management, the shortcomings of this process and offers a number of promising ways to improve it. Theoretical implications: according to the results of the study, the solution of the scientific problem is proposed, which is related to the improvement of scientific and methodological apparatus for logistics management of development and functioning of domestic agricultural formations. and in the world.  Practical implications: the results of the study are the starting point for improving the efficiency (quality) of logistics management of agricultural formations. Originality/Value: the value of the study lies in its practical significance for further research in the direction of developing a promising concept and improving the scientific and methodological apparatus of logistics management of development and operation of agricultural formations. Research limitations/Future research: a limitation of the study is the use of publicly available sources. Future research is seen in the study of processes occurring during the management of domestic agricultural formations and the development of methods, models and techniques for improving this process.  Paper type: theoretical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.6
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • War loans as a source of financial support for military expenditures in
           the First World War in the context of economic transformations on the eve
           of the war and its results

    • Authors: Anatolii Loishyn
      Pages: 56 - 80
      Abstract: Purpose: the purpose of the article is to analyze the mechanisms of issuance and sale of military bonds by individual countries participating in the First World War to identify the features and approaches inherent in this period. Design/Method/Approach: to achieve the purpose of the study, its decomposition was carried out and the following issues were investigated: economic and political significance of the First World War in history; features of economic development and economic theory in the early XX century and on the eve of the war; the main sources of financial support for military expenditures during the war, inherent in the historical period; issuance mechanisms and approaches to the sale of military bonds of a number of countries participating in the First World War. Findings: according to the results of the research, the peculiarities of the issue and sale of military bonds during the First World War were identified, and their significance for meeting military needs in comparison with other methods was clarified. The results of the study will be used to further identify trends in economic development of wars. Theoretical implications: at the theoretical level, the theory of military economics has been improved, namely, a number of indicators characterizing the implementation of military loans by individual countries during the First World War have been clarified; the tendency to gradual expansion of orientation of the circle of consumers of military loans is revealed; the share of domestic military bonds among other sources of financial support to cover the costs of the war was calculated. Practical implications: the cycle of scientific research concerning the improvement and development of the theory of military economics has been continued, taking into account the modern development of economic processes, scientific and technological progress and the structure of society. The research continues to solve the scientific problem of developing a promising concept of economic support of defense needs and improving the theory of military economics. Originality/Value: the value of the study lies in its practical significance for further identification of trends in the use of economic instruments in meeting military needs. The formulation of trends is a prerequisite for further qualitative identification of patterns inherent in the field of research Research limitations/Future research: the limitation of the study is the use of open sources. Mechanisms and approaches to the issuance and sale of war bonds of domestic government loans are analyzed based on the experience of individual countries – participants in the First World War (United States, Great Britain, French, and Russian and German empires). We see the prospects for further research in the study of economic ways to meet the needs of defense during World War II. Paper type: theoretical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.7
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Methodical approaches to assessing the military and economic capacity of
           the country

    • Authors: Mykola Tkach, Ivan Tkach, Serhii Yasenko, Igor Britchenko, Peter Lošonczi
      Pages: 81 - 97
      Abstract: Purpose: the aim of the article is to develop the existing methodological approaches to assessing the military and economic capabilities of the country in conditions of war and peace. Design/Method/Approach: to achieve the purpose of the study, its decomposition was carried out and the following were investigated: existing approaches to assessing the military and economic potential of the country, the country's power and national power; the concept of critical load of the national economy is revealed; the generally accepted norms on financing of defense needs are resulted; the experience of financing the needs of defense by the leading countries of the world - in the conditions of the Second World War is given; a methodical approach to assessing the military and economic capabilities of the country is proposed. Findings: the article proposes a methodical approach to assessing the military and economic capabilities of the country. Theoretical implications: According to the results of the research, the existing theory of military economy has been improved in the context of understanding the allowable burden on the country's economy in conditions of war and the development of methodological approaches to assessing the country's military and economic capabilities. The proposed methodological approach is the development of existing military-economic thought and capability-based military-economic planning. Practical implications: the proposed methodological approach allows to assess the ability of the national economy to meet military and economic needs in wartime by industry and type of military support, taking into account the critical load of the national economy, which will help simplify and improve the process of military policy decisions. Originality/Value: the practical value of the study is that the proposed method of assessing the military and economic capabilities of the country allows to identify critical sectors of the economy, assess their ability to provide resources for military needs in wartime, based on which to form and make appropriate management decisions. The results of the study can be used in further studies of the development of military and economic potential of the country, balancing military and civilian economic needs in war, as well as military-economic planning based on capabilities. Research limitations/Future research: a limitation of the study is the use of publicly available sources. Future research is seen in the further development of methodological approaches to assessing and developing the military and economic potential of the country. Papertype: theoretical, practical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.8
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Mathematical model of failure of control points of perspective automated
           control system of troops and their restoration

    • Authors: Serhii Kirsanov, Yuzef Dobrovolskyi, Volodimir Musienko, Tetiana Poberezhec
      Pages: 98 - 109
      Abstract: Purpose: development of a mathematical model of failure of control points and their restoration to substantiate the requirements for the survivability of a promising automated control system of troops. Design/Method/Approach: the main research methods are the methods of the theory of Markov processes, the theory of graphs. Findings: developed a mathematical model of failure of control points and their restoration of a promising automated control system for troops. Theoretical implications: the developed mathematical model allows, in contrast to existing models, to determine in time the state of the control system under the influence of the enemy and the restoration of its control points of the forces and means of our troops. Paper type: descriptive.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.9
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Main aspects of ensuring the defense sufficiency of the state taking into
           account the state of development of its national economy

    • Authors: Oleh Semenenko, Olha Taran, Stanislav Trehubenko, Petro Onofriichuk, Roman Pekuliak, Ivan Motrunych
      Pages: 110 - 127
      Abstract: Purpose: disclosure of the main theoretical aspects of ensuring the defense sufficiency of the state, taking into account the state of development of its national economy and the forecast directions of the development of the state military and economic strategy of Ukraine. Design/Method/Approach: the main methods of research are the methods of empirical analysis and synthesis, as well as the method of structural analysis, data formalization, and military-economic evaluation and comparison. Findings: the main components of the defense significance of the military and economic strategy of Ukraine are defined and their content is disclosed, attention is focused on the peculiarities of their practical direction in the modern conditions of the development of Ukraine and ensuring the necessary level of defense sufficiency. Theoretical implications: the article theoretically proves that the maximum result of the task of increasing the country's defense capability can be achieved under the condition of correct (logically verified) comprehensive use of all elements of the principle of defense sufficiency. The article reveals the logic of the interaction of these elements in modern international and domestic conditions in which Ukraine and the components of its security and defense sector are. Paper type: descriptive and analytical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.10
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of factors and modern threats to the information security of the
           state in the context of ensuring the national security of Ukraine

    • Authors: Oleksandr Fedchenko
      Pages: 128 - 134
      Abstract: Purpose: analysis of current threats to Ukraine's national security in the information sphere, determination of prospective countermeasures to ensure it. Research/Method/Approach: the conducted research is based on the use of general scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, comparison, systematization, generalization and formalization. Findings: analyzed internal and external information threats to the national security of Ukraine and proposed approaches to ensure the continuity of the state information security system. Theoretical implications: of the study lies in the proposed systematization and classification of modern threats to information security in the conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian war. Future research: promising areas of further scientific research can be the development of a methodological apparatus for assessing the level of threats to information security and studying their impact on military and national security, as well as substantiating recommendations for comprehensive measures to counter these threats. Papertype: descriptive and theoretical-generalizing.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.11
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Influence of anthropogenic factors on the solution of applied problems of
           recording language information in the open area

    • Authors: Olena Azarenko, Yulia Honcharenko, Mykhailo Divizinyuk, Volodymyr Mirnenko, Valeriy Strilets, Jacek Lukasz Wilk-Jakubowski
      Pages: 135 - 143
      Abstract: Purpose: on the basis of systematization of features of acoustic anthropogenic factors in the air environment their influence on the decision of applied problems of removal of the speech information in the open area is analyzed. Design/Method/Approach: in performing this work used methods of analysis of physical properties of the air and technical parameters of acoustic signals, methods of describing acoustic fields, systematization and generalization of data and knowledge, methods of qualitative assessment of the impact of anthropogenic factors. Findings: the article shows that the components of the acoustic background are sources of natural, artificial and mixed origin, each of which has a specific noise spectrum. Anthropogenic air factor is defined as a family (association) of noise of artificial origin. These technical noises are the result of human activity.   Theoretical implications: is that the range of recording language information in the open depends on the level of acoustic background in the area of application. With the constancy of the technical parameters of the acoustic device and the constant strength of the target, the range of its detection will be less the higher the level of the acoustic background, and conversely, reducing the intensity of the acoustic background increases the range of speech information. Papertype: scientific and practical.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.33445/sds.2022.12.3.12
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
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