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Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2301-8046 - ISSN (Online) 2540-7872
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Musculoskeletal Disorders and Ergonomic Factors among the Cabin Crews of
           the National Airline of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Sk Akhtar Ahmad, Taslima Akhtar, Mahmud Hossain Faruquee, Saika Nizam, Rabeya Yasmin, Sarmin Sultana, Israt Jahan, Ali Kamal Mostofa Rubel, AKM Masum Ul Alam
      Pages: 161 - 167
      Abstract: Introduction: Cabin crews on aircraft are at risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders as a result of their workload and the nature of their profession. This study is an attempt to identify work-related musculoskeletal disorders suffered by cabin crews and the associated ergonomic factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among the cabin crews. The cabin crews, regardless of gender, who had worked at least one year, were selected by simple random sampling. A total of 246 cabin crews were the respondents in this study. A Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to assess the respondents' MSDs. To determine the predictors of MSDs, a binary logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: Out of 246 cabin crew, 55.3% were males, and the mean age was 39.83±9.289 years. The mean flight duration was 85 hours, and the maximum flying hours was 123. Of the total participating crews, more than half (55.7%) suffered from musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The common sites of MSDs were the low back, shoulder, neck, and knee joints. Poor ergonomic factors such the increasing age and flight duration were also contributing factors to MSDs. Conclusion: The study revealed that over half of the cabin crew suffered from work-related musculoskeletal disorders. A number of ergonomic factors, including age and flight duration, were found to be associated with MSDs.
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.161-167
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Relationship of Knowledge and Attitudes with Behavior of Implementing
           Health Protocols in Garment Workers

    • Authors: Intan Mega Pratiwi, Indriati Paskarini, Endang Dwiyanti, Shintia Yunita Arini, Heru Suswojo
      Pages: 168 - 177
      Abstract: Introduction: Informal workers in Garment Asia Raya of Banyuwangi continue their work activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. These informal workers in Garment Asia Raya Banyuwangi are, therefore, vulnerable to the transmission of COVID-19. The implementation of health protocols must be carried out to prevent and minimize the risk of COVID-19 transmission. However, the workers have not fully implemented health protocols. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of knowledge and attitudes with workers’ behavior in the implementation of health protocols. Methods: This study was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional research design. The research population was 50 informal workers in Garment Asia Raya Banyuwangi, using the total sampling technique. The variables studied were knowledge, attitudes and behavior in the implementation of health protocols. The data collection used a questionnaire sheet that had been tested for validity and reliability. The data analysis technique used was descriptive analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Most of the workers had a low category of knowledge. Most of the workers had a moderate attitude towards the implementation of health protocols. Moreover, most of the workers had poor behavior in implementing health protocols. The results showed a positive relationship with a weak correlation level between knowledge and attitudes with the behavior of implementing health protocols. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the higher the knowledge and attitudes of workers, the better the workers’ behavior in implementing health protocols.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.168-177
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Relationship between Work Shifts and Work Environment with Nurse
           Fatigue in the Emergency Department

    • Authors: Nadya Putri Dewanti, Nusavia Astra Jingga, Y. Denny A. Wahyudiono
      Pages: 178 - 186
      Abstract: Introduction: Work fatigue is one of the common health problems faced by nurses. Work shifts and work environment are factors that cause work fatigue for nurses. Nurse fatigue can cause work accidents and decreased work productivity. It was reported that 47% of employees experienced decreased productivity, and 32% of employees experienced injuries and near misses due to work fatigue. This research aimed to figure out whether and to what extent work shifts and work environment were correlated with nurse fatigue at the emergency department of Surabaya Haji General Hospital. Method: This analytic observational study employed a cross-sectional approach with work fatigue as the dependent variable and work shifts and work environment as independent variables. This research used the Spearman’s correlation test with 30 emergency department nurses at Surabaya Haji General Hospital as the samples. The instruments used in this research were work environment questionnaires and work fatigue questionnaires from IFRC. Results: The results showed that work shift had a very weak relationship with work fatigue. At the same time, there was a moderate relationship between work environment and work fatigue. Conclusion: The work fatigue among emergency department nurses at the Surabaya Haji General Hospital observed had a very weak relationship with work shifts and a moderate relationship with their work environment.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.178-186
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Correlation between Working Period and Exercise Routines with
           Musculoskeletal Complaints on Batik Craftsmen

    • Authors: Nala Astari Pramesti, Shintia Yunita Arini
      Pages: 187 - 194
      Abstract: Introduction: Asosiasi untuk Demokrasi dan Kesejahteraan Sosial (Ademos) was founded as a form of anxiety towards rural communities whose majority of the population does not receive enough attention and access to economic development. One of the empowerment programs is a program to improve the quality of the Bojonegoro batik craftsmen. Workers can work more than 8 hours a day in a sitting and bending position for long periods of time. This study aimed to determine the correlation between the length of work and exercise routines on musculoskeletal complaints among batik craftsmen of Ademos, Bojonegoro Regency. Methods: This research was a descriptive analytic study using a cross-sectional design. The research was conducted in July-August 2020 on Ademos batik craftsmen in Bojonegoro Regency. The total population of the study was 42 batik craftsmen who were selected using a total sampling technique. The variables studied included tenure, exercise routines, and musculoskeletal complaints. Data collection was carried out through questionnaire sheets, observations and the Nordic Body Map Questionnaire. Results: The results of the study found that there was a significant correlation between working period and musculoskeletal complaints (p=0.032) experienced by Batik craftsmen of Ademos Bojonegoro. On the other hand, there was no correlation found between exercise routines and musculoskeletal complaints (p=0.361) on Batik craftsmen of Ademos Bojonegoro. Conclusion: The significant factor causing musculoskeletal complaints in Ademos Bojonegoro Batik craftsmen was the working period factor.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.187-194
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Observation of Sort, Set, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain in a
           Manufacturing Company Surabaya

    • Authors: Muhammad Aji Satria, Meirina Ernawati, Bagus Wicaksono, Sahrir Sillehu
      Pages: 195 - 203
      Abstract: Introduction: The implementation of the Occupational Health and Safety system in industry aims to create a workplace that is safe, healthy, and free from environmental pollution so that it minimizes the probability of occupational accidents and illness. The arrangement of goods and comfortable work environment can affect labour productivity. Creating an orderly and comfortable working environment can be manifested in a good Sort, Set, Shine, Standardize (5S) application. The purpose of this study is to describe the implementation of the 5S program in PT Albea Rigid and Packaging Surabaya. Method: This research was a descriptive qualitative research. The data used in this study were secondary data which were obtained from the EHS Department of PT. Albea Rigid Packaging Surabaya which were later analyzed using several theoretical references. Variables in this research were observation of Sort, observation of Set, observation of Shine, observation of Standardize and observation of Sustain. The analyzed data were further interpreted and presented in a narrative form. Results: The results show that the implementation of 5S in the Injection Molding Production area of PT. Albea Rigid Packaging Surabaya, before the socialization, had a score of 16 points and after the socialization it increased to 40 points. Even though the score has increased, the implementation of the 5S was still not running optimally. Conclusion: The principle of Standardize still had the same score before and after the socialization, while for the other 3 principles, namely Sort, Set and Shine, there was an increase in points after the socialization.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.195-203
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Differences in the Physical Workload of Technicians and Managers in the
           Maintenance and Repair Division

    • Authors: Innaha Ilma Wardaya, Ais Assana Athqia, Y. Denny A. Wahyudiono
      Pages: 204 - 214
      Abstract: Introduction: PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) is a state-owned company in the shipping industry. For running the production cycle, PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) has several divisions. One of them is the Maintenance and Repair Division. This division involves workers with positions as technicians and managers who have different tasks and functions. These differences will result in unequal physical workloads. The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in the physical workload of technicians and managers of the Maintenance and Repair Division of PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero). Methods: This study used an analytic observational method with a cross sectional design. The independent variable used in this research was the position of workers consisting of managers and technician staff. Meanwhile, the dependent variable was a physical workload. The research respondents were 24 technicians and 6 managers. Data were obtained through questionnaires and calorimeters to measure calorie needs. Results: The technicians were aged 20 - 33 years old (62.5%), and the managers were aged 48 - 61 years (83.3%). Technicians' nutritional status was categorized as normal, as many as 21 people and the nutritional status of managers was overweight, as many as 4 people. The physical workload of technicians was in the medium category, as many as 22 people and 5 managers had a moderate physical workload. Conclusion: There was no difference in the physical workload of technicians and managers of the Maintenance and Repair Division. This is because PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) has implemented cooperation in job completion.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.204-214
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Complaints of Computer Vision Syndrome in Telemarketing Workers at Bank X
           in Jakarta

    • Authors: Nanda Waskito Nugroho, Mona Lestari, Anita Camelia, Desheila Andarini, Amrina Rosyada, Rizka Faliria Nandini, Poppy Fujianti
      Pages: 215 - 223
      Abstract: Introduction: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) or digital eye strain is a collection of eye problems related to vision.
      The telemarketing division in Bank X has 10 hours working time per day and 60 hours per week. This study aimed to
      determine CVS complaints among telemarketing workers and analyze the factors that caused CVS complaints in workers.
      Methods: The study used a cross-sectional study design, with a total sample of 53 workers. The variables studied were
      lighting intensity, monitor distance, age, refractive disorders, eye rest, and eye protection. The study used a lux meter
      to measure the light intensity and the Snellen chart to see eye refraction abnormalities. Results: The results determined
      that 77.4% of computer workers in Bank X Telemarketing division experienced CVS complaints while 22.6% did not
      experience CVS. The results of statistical tests showed that light intensity, monitor distance, refractive disorders, and eye
      rest were associated with CVS complaints, while age and eye protection equipment were not related to CVS complaints.
      Conclusion: Most telemarketing workers experienced CVS complaints caused by lighting intensity, monitor distance,
      refractive disorders, and eye rest.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.215-223
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Implementation of Occupational Health and Safety Standards for Office
           Buildings in Universitas Airlangga Rectorate Building

    • Authors: Dinda Pratiwi, Dani Nasirul Haqi, Herman Bagus Dwicahyo
      Pages: 224 - 238
      Abstract: Introduction: Universitas Airlangga office building rectorate includes a high-rise building that must have occupational health and safety (OHS) facilities and also its application must be in accordance with office building standards which applies to prevent accidents and occupational diseases. This study aims to determine OHS office buildings rectorate facilities, and to analyze OHS standards application for office buildings rectorate with applicable OHS office building standards. Methods: This research is an observational study. Data analysis using descriptive method with a cross sectional study design. The variables studied were OHS office building facilities in Universitas Airlangga Rectorate, and OHS standard application for in Universitas Airlangga office buildings rectorate. Data collection techniques are derived from primary data in OHS observations form facilities in office buildings and secondary data in agency documents form. Results: Work safety facilities include fire extinguishers, hydrants, evacuation routes, evacuation plans, gathering points, first aid kits. emergency stairs, safety sign. Occupational health facilities include health promotion media, workforce health checks, and lactation rooms. Office work environment health facilities include toilets and hand washing facilities. Then office ergonomics facilities include cushions for employee work chairs. Conclusion: The facilities are in accordance with Republic of Indonesia Health Minister Regulation Number 48 of 2016 concerning Office OHS Standards which include occupational safety application, occupational health, and office environmental health standards and office ergonomics. The implementation of OHS standards for office buildings at in Universitas Airlangga Rectorate, such as occupational safety, occupational health, office work environment health, and office ergonomics standards have been implemented and carried out.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.224-238
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Teacher's Job Stress Associated with a Virtual Class Application and
           Work Duration during Covid-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Kurnia Ardiansyah Akbar, Reny Indrayani, Adinda Jasmine Rohmaniah
      Pages: 239 - 247
      Abstract: Introduction: The increasing number of Covid-19 cases in Indonesia triggers fear and anxiety in the community and causes stress. Teachers who work are at risk of experiencing job stress. The change in the learning system from face-to-face to distance learning requires teachers to adapt to the new technology applied. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between the understanding of the Google Classroom application and duration of work during the Covid-19 pandemic with job stress. Methods: This research is an analytical research with a cross sectional approach. The research was conducted in 8 public high schools in Nganjuk District, and the samples were 115 teachers. Data retrieval was done by using an online questionnaire via Google Form. The variables in this research were the understanding of the Google Classroom (knowledge, perceptions of the usefulness and ease of use), work duration and job stress. Bivariate analysis used Spearmans’ Rho correlation test to determine the relationship between variables. Results: Most respondents had a moderate level of knowledge, and most of them had a fairly good perception of the usefulness and ease of use of the Google Classroom application. The duration of work that most respondents had was 2 hours, and the highest category of job stress was mild stress. Conclusion: The understanding of the Google Classroom application (knowledge of the Google Classroom application, the perception of the usefulness of the Google Classroom application and the perception of the ease of use of the Google Classroom application) and the duration of work had a significant relationship with job stress among public high school teachers in Nganjuk District during the Covid-19 pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.239-247
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of Work Accidents and Work Accident Benefits in 2016 in East Java

    • Authors: Rinda Ardila Megasari
      Pages: 248 - 255
      Abstract: Introduction: According to data from the Ministry of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia in 2016, it shows that there were 16,880 work accidents that occurred in East Java, which were classified as an OHS emergency. This study aims to analyze the incidence of work accidents and the amount of work accident insurance benefits received by the participants of Employment Insurance and Social Security in East Java Province. Methods: This study used non-reactive research and secondary data, namely gender, age, accident location, time of accident, number of work accidents and data on the number of benefits received by the participants of Employment Insurance and Social Security in East Java in 2016. The number of samples was 4,700 respondents. The analysis was conducted by comparing the number of work accidents with the amount of benefits received by workers participating in the Employment Insurance and Social Security. Results: The results showed that based on gender, the highest occupational accident cases occurred in male workers (80%), most of the occupational accident cases occurred at the age <25 years old- 35 years old (56%), the location of the accident mostly occurred at work locations (70%), and most of the accidents occurred at 06.01-12.00 (46%). Conclusion: The case of work accidents in 2016 in East Java when compared to the number of work safety benefit recipients was 0.77% and the ratio of the number of work accident cases with the highest work safety benefit amount was in permanent total disability (1: 4,800,000).
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.248-255
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the Globally Harmonized System Implementation in the
           Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department
           Surabaya

    • Authors: Afrian Eskartya Harjono, Tri Martiana, Shintia Yunita Arini, Mohd Rafee Baharudin, Erianto Fanani
      Pages: 256 - 265
      Abstract: Introduction: The number of chemicals is increasing every year. Laboratories record work accidents because there are several chemicals that are not labeled and unidentified but are stored in an inappropriate place. The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) is a Global System for standardizing criteria and harmonizing hazard classification systems, Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) and Labeling. This research aims to assess and evaluate the implementation of the GHS at the Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department Surabaya. Methods: This research was a descriptive observational study. Data were collected by assessing 80 types of chemicals through assessment sheets and an interview with the analyst supervisor, who had responsibility and authority in the application of the GHS. This research aims to apply the GHS with hazard classification variables, SDS availability and suitability, and labelling availability and suitability. Results: The results showed that the implementation of the GHS at the Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department Surabaya was 66.67%, categorized as good, with a good availability and suitability assessment of SDSs of 91%, and a good availability and appropriateness assessment of labelling of 98.1%. Conclusion: The results showed that the Occupational Safety Division of the Manpower and Transmigration Department Surabaya has been very good at implementing the GHS, but some points must be made to maintain and improve the application of the GHS as an effort to prevent accidents with hazard communication.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.256-265
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Relationship Between Nutritional Status and Work Posture with Work Fatigue
           on Crane Operators

    • Authors: Andhini Aurelia Putri, Maulid Diaturrochma, Andika Savira Putri, Endang Dwiyanti
      Pages: 266 - 274
      Abstract: Introduction: Work accidents can occur due to two factors, namely unsafe human behavior and unsafe environmental conditions. One of the unsafe human behavior is work fatigue. In addition, work fatigue can also reduce productivity so that it can have a bad impact on the company. This study aims to determine the strength of the relationship and the direction of the correlation between nutritional status and work postures with work fatigue on crane operators. Method: This research is included in the type of descriptive observational research with a cross-sectional approach. The sample of this study was taken using total sampling, namely all the population of 30 people. The independent variables in this study were nutritional status and body postures, while the dependent variable was work fatigue. The data were analyzed using the Spearman's correlation coefficient (Spearman rank's correlation coefficient) to see the value of the correlation coefficient. Results: The correlation coefficient between nutritional status and work fatigue was -0.169, which means there was a very weak relationship with a negative direction. Meanwhile, the strength of the relationship between work postures and work fatigue can be seen in the correlation coefficient of 0.671, which means there was a strong relationship with a positive direction. Conclusion: Workers with overweight and obese nutritional status wwere more relaxed at work and did not pursue daily targets so that the fatigue experienced was classified as moderate. In addition, poor work postures can cause severe work fatigue.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.266-274
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Performance Analysis of the Behavior Based Safety Program in Reducing
           Occupational Accident Rates

    • Authors: Mitha Qurrota Ayuni, Muhammad Yusuf, Endang Dwiyanti
      Pages: 275 - 284
      Abstract: Introduction: PT. X is a company that concentrates on the agricultural sector by producing ammonia and urea fertilizers. Occupational accidents at PT.X are reported and recorded by the Department of Occupational Health and Safety, one of which is a form of monitoring the performance of the BBS program at PT. X. The research objective was to determine the performance of the Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) program in reducing occupational accidents due to unsafe actions at PT.X. Methods: This study is an observational study. Determination and sampling in this study used accidental sampling technique for safety officers as many as 5 respondents, while the cluster sampling technique was used for the workforce of 95 respondents. The data analysis method used was descriptive semi-quantitative. Results: The results showed the fulfillment of the criteria and maturity level of behavior-based safety at PT. X, In general, PT X was already at level 4, namely "High Performing" with an average of 3.5. Meanwhile, the work accident rate analysis using the Safe T-score of PT. X was in the category between +2.0 and -2.0, meaning that the number of occupational accidents at PT. X after implementing behavior-based safety did not experience any significant changes. Conclusion: The performance of the behavior-based safety (BBS) program in reducing occupational accidents due to unsafe actions at PT. X in 2019 was effective even though the maturity level of the application of BBS was still not at the high performance level criteria on all criteria, and there was still no significant change in the reduction of the number of occupational accidents.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.275-284
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Analyzing Relationship between Safety Climate and Safety Leadership in a
           Phosphoric Acid Industry

    • Authors: Nia Tri Wulandari, Dayinta Annisa Syaiful, Endang Dwiyanti, Sovia Rahmania Warda
      Pages: 285 - 294
      Abstract: Introduction: Safety-based leadership style has a positive relationship with the workplace safety climate in a company. Transactional leadership has a direct positive relationship with work safety participation and has an indirect relationship with work safety climate. In a phosphoric acid industry especially in 2019, the achievement of sulfuric acid production decreased from 2019 to 2020. The gap range was caused by leadership factors. This study has an objective to analyze the overview of safety climate based on safety leadership in the phosphoric acid industry. Methods: This research used a cross-sectional quantitative survey. The respondents comprised of 44 personnel. The independent factors in this investigation were the dimensions of leadership style and the dependent variable in this study wasthe condition of the work safety climate in each work group in the creation unit. The analysis used NOSACQ-50 radar plot analysis. Results: Of all perceptions of consideration leadership style, eitherin the high, very high, or enough categories, the dimension of work safety justice had the lowest score. The highest dimension of work safety climate was in the dimension of management safety priority and ability, especially in the perception of a high and very high initiating structure leadership style. Conclusion: A very high perception of the consideration leadership style had a work safety climate that had a higher score when compared to the high and sufficient perception. The highest dimension of work safety climate was in the dimensions of management safety priority and ability, especially in the perception of a high and very high initiating structure leadership style.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.285-294
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of Work Posture on Woven Bamboo Craftsmen

    • Authors: Isyeu Sriagustini, Teni Supriyani
      Pages: 295 - 306
      Abstract: Introduction: The industry in Indonesia is still experiencing a rapid development. Woven craft one of the thriving informal sector businesses in Tasikmalaya Regency. Each stage of work on making bamboo woven crafts is done in a way that is not ergonomic, especially in the working position, namely how to sit or squat on the floor with the head and back bent. This condition can cause musculoskeletal disorders. The results of risk analysis showed that the job position that belongs to a high-risk category must be controlled immediately. The aim of this study is to assess the working posture of woven bamboo craftsmen. Methods: This research is descriptive research. The object under study was the 20 stages of production of woven bamboo handicraft products. The variables studied were work positions, including individual characteristics and musculoskeletal complaints. Data were collected through passive participant observation using observation sheets. Work position data analysis was carried out using the RULA assessment table. Results: Work postures at thirteen stages of work were at action level 2, three stages of work were at action level 3, and two stages of work were at action level 4. In general, the craftsmen complained of aches in the waist (28%), hand pain (19%), leg pain (16%), and back pain (12%). Conclusion: Priority control should carried out at the coloring and drying stages because they have an action level 4 that must implement the changes now.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.295-306
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene as Biomonitoring of Occupational Exposure to
           Naphthalene

    • Authors: Erwanda Desire Budiman, Muhammad Ilyas
      Pages: 307 - 314
      Abstract: Introduction: Naphthalene is a chemical exposure found in various industries, including in the manufacture of phthalic anhydride, synthetic resins, lubricants, mothballs, and used as fuel additives. The exposure to naphthalene in humans has several detrimental health effects such as hemolytic anemia, kidney and liver disorders. Therefore, biological monitoring is needed as a health surveillance of naphthalene exposure. Generally, the biomonitoring examination carried out for this is naphthol in the blood. However, 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,2-DHN) is also known to be another major metabolite. Therefore, this literature review aims to determine whether 1,2-DHN can also be a reliable biomonitoring test on occupational exposure to naphthalene. Methods: PubMed, Proquest, and Google Scholar were used to conduct article searches. The articles were chosen based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The selected articles were then critically appraised. Results: Four cross-sectional articles examining 1,2-DHN in the urine of naphthalene-exposed workers were selected and reviewed. There was a similar result from all selected articles that elevated levels of 1,2-DHN in the urine, indicating workplace exposure to naphthalene. Moreover, apart from having a strong correlation with 1- and 2-naphthol, 1,2-DHN also has a high sensitivity compared to these established metabolites. Conclusion: Based on the articles obtained, 1,2-DHN can be a reliable biological monitoring for workers exposed to naphthalene. However, further research is still needed on other industries exposed to naphthalene and is needed to ascertain the correlation between external and internal exposure to naphthalene.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11i2.2022.307-314
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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