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New knowledge Journal of science
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1314-5703 - ISSN (Online) 2367-4598
Published by U of Agribusiness and Rural Development Homepage  [1 journal]
  • INFLEENCE OF THE YEAR AND GENOTYPE ON THE MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF
           CULTIVARS WHEAT AND TRITICALE

    • Authors: Bogdan Bonchev
      Pages: 101 - 114
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to establish the influence of the year, genotype and the overall influence of the year and genotype over traits of cultivars. To define also general morphological markers applied both for wheat and triticale. Subject of study was common winter wheat cultivar Gaya 1 and triticale cultivar Rozhen. In the characteristics of common winter wheat cultivar Gaya 1, the height of the plants, the length of the spike, the weight of the grains of the spike and the weight of 1000 grains, no proven differences by years were found. All studied traits have proven differences during years for triticale cultivar Rozhen. The length of the spike has the least variation for the study period for cultivar Gaya 1 and cultivar Rozhen. The length of the spike indicates a significant influence of genotype. The length of the spike is confirmed as a morphological marker in the studied cultivars Gaya 1 and Rozhen. Meteorological conditions per year have the greatest impact on the number of productive tillers / m2. The interaction between the factors meteorological conditions of the year and genotype is greatest at the density of the spike. The wight of the grains of a spike has a small to medium variation, but is the largest compared to the other studied traits.
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • THE DIGITALIZATION OF THE FINANCIAL SECTOR – CHALLENGES AND
           PROSPECTS

    • Authors: Biser Krastev
      Pages: 7 - 21
      Abstract: The scientific research presents the nature and stages of digitalization of the financial sector of the economy. The models and variants of corporate cooperation between commercial banks and fintech companies are described. The business functions performed by financial companies are systematized. The technological concepts and solutions that underlie digital finance are characterized, and an overview of the institutions providing digital financial services is made. The prospects in the development of financial institutions in the conditions of accelerating digitalization of their activity are analyzed in detail.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • KEY FACTORS FOR SUCCESSFUL DIGITALIZATION OF ACCOUNTING TRAINING

    • Authors: Galina Chipriyanova, Michail Chipriyanov
      Pages: 22 - 31
      Abstract: The research focuses on the individual aspects of the digitalization of accounting education. The choice of topic is dictated by the fact that the digitalization of the learning process is an important condition for improving the quality of the educational product in the modern environment. The aim of the research is to highlight and analyze the key factors for the success of this process. Special attention is paid to three main guidelines for further digitalization of education. These guidelines are based on the results of the research and take into account the specifics of the accounting matter.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN IN THE FORESTRY SECTOR IN THE EU MEMBER STATES OF THE
           DANUBE REGION

    • Authors: Daniela Georgieva
      Pages: 32 - 51
      Abstract: Main goal of the study is to analyze the participation of women in the forestry sector in Bulgaria and in the other EU Member States in the Danube region. The object of a more in-depth analysis are the female employees in the following forest-based industries: “Forestry and logging”; “Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials”; "Manufacture of paper and paper products"; "Manufacture of furniture". The main author's hypothesis is that the participation of women in the forestry sector in the Danube region is low. The currently used measures and initiatives to motivate their participation are not effective enough. Those initiatives are mainly focused on training, which, however, do not reflect the real reasons for the lack of interest of women in the sector. The adopted research methods are based on logical, deductive and comparative methods, as well as on the methods of analysis and synthesis. The results of the study support the literature by providing more data on the employment of women in the forestry sector, as well as some good practices.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • BUDGETING IN COMMERCIAL BANKS - FEATURES AND PROBLEMS

    • Authors: Sergey Radukanov
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: The manuscript clarifies the budgeting of commercial banks. It is considered in separate aspects - as a process, as a technology and as a tool for financial management. The stages, methods and principles of budgeting are presented. A study of the technology of budgeting is carried out on the example of specific banks in our country. The specifics of bank budgeting are analyzed when evaluating a proposal when opening a bank branch / office.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES TO BUSINESS EVALUATION

    • Authors: Orlin Popov
      Pages: 61 - 69
      Abstract: Thе presented publication focuses on various current aspects of modern business evaluation. The views of leading international and national experts in the field of business evaluation on current challenges and common problems are discussed. The leading considerations in the developed economic countries and in Bulgaria are illustrated.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • MODERN APPROACHES FOR EVALUATION OF INVESTMENT IN THE RESTAURANT SECTOR

    • Authors: Orlin Popov
      Pages: 70 - 78
      Abstract: Thе presented publication introduces modern approaches that are discussed and tested in the field of business evaluation of investments in the restaurant sector. The views of leading international and national experts in the field of business evaluation are discussed. The algorithm of the industry multipliers method for evaluation of the largest restaurant chain "Happy Bar & Grill" in Bulgaria is presented in detail.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • MODELS FOR SPENDING FUNDS IN OUTPATIENT AND EMERGENCY CARE

    • Authors: Tsvetana Kerencheva
      Pages: 79 - 84
      Abstract: Outpatient medical care in Bulgaria is entirely private and is financed by the health insurance fund through capitation and fees. Emergency medical care is organized, managed and controlled by the Ministry of Health. It is financed from the state budget. Defects in the organization of the emergency care system have a negative impact on the adequate provision of emergency medical care in the country.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • POSSIBILITY FOR MONITORING THE COTTON BOLLWORM (HELICOVERPA ARMIGERA
           HÜBNER) IN TOMATO GROWN IN FIELD THROUGH THE USE OF PHEROMONE TRAPS

    • Authors: Vinelina Yankova, Evdokia Staneva, Dima Markova, Nikolay Todorov
      Pages: 85 - 93
      Abstract: The cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hb.) is a dangerous pest in tomato grown in the field. The control is difficult because of the hidden way of life of the caterpillars after they enter in fruits. Determining the appropriate treatment periods is essential for efficient control of cotton bollworm. Pheromone traps gives the opportunity for monitoring the pest and accurately determine the moment of treatment. During the period 2016-2019 studies to establish the attractiveness of Russian pheromone traps with different pheromone content were conducted at the Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute, Plovdiv in cotton bollworm in tomato grown in the field. Among the studied pheromone trap variants it was established that the best attractiveness to the adult individuals of the cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hb.) is described in the pheromone trap with content of 2,91 mg Z11-hexadecenal + 0,09 mg Z9-hexadecenal in the dispenser on the whole surface (29). The following variants are 2,91 mg Z11-hexadecenal + 0,09 mg Z9-hexadecenal center (26) and 1,94 mg Z11-hexadecenal + 0,06 mg Z9-hexadecenal over the whole surface (19).
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • SURVIVAL AND WINTER RESISTANCE OF GARDEN PEA VARIETIES

    • Authors: Slavka Kalapchieva
      Pages: 94 - 100
      Abstract: In the experimental fields of IZK "Maritsa" a three-year comparative experience with six varieties from the working collection of the institute for identifying survival, winter resistance and productivity of pea varieties in autumn sowing in two sowing rates was conducted. Varieties Iskar, Plovdiv pearl and Plovdiv are characterized by a high degree of winter hardiness (the number of overwintered plants as a percentage of plants that sprouted before winter) at both sowing rates. The three genotypes are representatives of the three groups of maturity - early, medium early and late and confirm the results of the analysis of the factors of variation for the insignificant influence of the genotype in the experiment. The main and determining factor in the variation of the indicators are the conditions in the years of cultivation. The medium-early variety Plovdiv is characterized by a high degree of winter hardiness and optimal productivity of green pods and green grain during autumn sowing with increased sowing rate. Garden pea of pre-winter sowing entered technological maturity 8 to 16 days earlier than spring sowing and provided optimal productivity at high sowing rates. Garden Peas could be grown in our country with pre-winter sowing, and in unfavorable climatic conditions are risked the used seeds.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • IMPACT OF CERTAIN AGRO-TECHNICAL FACTORS ON THE GRAIN YIELD OF TRITICALE,
           VARIETY VIHREN

    • Authors: Dimitrinka Krusheva
      Pages: 115 - 126
      Abstract: The goal of the conducted research was to unveil the complex interaction of factors (sowing time, seed rate, fertilization rate) in growing triticale crop, Vihren variety, at the specific conditions of Strandzha Mountain and the impact of such factors on ultimate grain output. For the purpose of the research, we used data collected over a three-year period of field experiments, carried out in the experimental field of the Scientific Center for Agriculture – town of Sredets in the period 2011-2013. The particular object of the study is triticale crop, Vihren variety.The experiment was conducted on leached cinnamon forest soil, preceding species was coriander, using the block method, in four repetitions, with the size of the experimental plot 25 m2. The following factors were scrutinized in the study: three seed rates: 450 germinatable seeds / m2; 560 germinatable seeds / m2; 700 germinatable seeds / m2, three sowing periods: 1‑5 October; 15-20 October; 1-5 November and four levels of nitrogen fertilization: N0; N6; N10; N14.Our research revealed that in the conditions of the studied region, triticale crop, Vihren variety achieves the highest yields when sowing is in the period 15-20 October, seed rate is 560 germinatable seeds / m2 and fertilization is with N14 kg/da.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • IMPACT OF CERTAIN AGRO-TECHNICAL FACTORS ON THE GRAIN YIELD OF TRITICALE,
           VARIETY ROZHEN

    • Authors: Dimitrinka Krusheva
      Pages: 127 - 138
      Abstract: The study was carried out in the experimental field of the Scientific Center for Agriculture – town of Sredets in the period 2011-2013, on leached cinnamon forest soil, preceding species was coriander, using the block method, in four repetitions, with the size of the experimental plot 25 m2. The particular object of the study is triticale crop, Rozhen variety. The following factors were scrutinized in the study: three seed rates: 450 germinatable seeds / m2; 560 germinatable seeds / m2; 700 germinatable seeds / m2, three sowing periods: 1-5 October; 15-20 October; 1-5 November and four levels of nitrogen fertilization: N0; N6; N10; N14.The goal of the conducted research was to unveil the complex interaction of factors (sowing time, seed rate, fertilization rate) in growing triticale crop, Rozhen variety, at the specific conditions of Strandzha Mountain and the impact of such factors on the ultimate grain output.Our research revealed that in the conditions of the studied region, triticale crop, Rozhen variety achieves the highest yields when sowing is in the period 15-20 October, seed rate is 560 germinatable seeds / m2 and fertilization is with N14 kg/da.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • ECONOMIC IMPORTANT TOBACCO PESTS THRIPS TABACI LINDEMAN АND MYZUS
           PERSICAE SULZER

    • Authors: Zheko Radev
      Pages: 139 - 143
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to note the economic important pests of tobacco in Bulgaria during recent years and their trends for multiplication and spreading. In recent years, due to a number of factors, the most important economic tobacco pests are tobacco thrips Thrips tabaci and peach aphid Myzus persicae. Importantly for identifying and regulating pests is the implementation of permanent phytosanitary monitoring to determine their presence. Only in this way the pest control will be most effective. Daily reporting of climatе factors and acquaintance with the forecast for a longer period of time should also be involved as a method and approach for pests limiting and/or treating the pests at their most sensitive stage.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • PROSPECTS FOR LIMITING TOBACCO PESTS

    • Authors: Zheko Radev
      Pages: 144 - 148
      Abstract: Applying alternative methods to control pests as Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa L., Thrips tabaci Lindeman, Myzus persicae Sulzer, Agrotis segetum Denis & Schiffermüller, Euxoa temera Hübner, Heliothis armigera Hübner and Phthorimaea operculella Zeller, will help to protect the beneficial entomofauna by one side, and from another a pure raw material for tobacco industry. The aim of this paper is to emphasize the main pests of tobacco in Bulgaria and environmentally prospects for their limiting. Applying bio-environmental methods and approaches at the right moment would lead to a more sustainable environment for beneficial species, in order to limit the harmful ones below the threshold of economic noxiousness.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • AGROTECHNICS AND MAIN GRASS SPECIES USED FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PARK LANDS

    • Authors: Pavlina Naskova
      Pages: 149 - 157
      Abstract: In urban landscaping, lawns are one of the main components of landscape compositions. They have important functions - biological, ecological, aesthetic, architectural, etc. The publication presents a literature analysis of seven species of grasses - Poa pratensis, Festuca rubra, Lolium perenne, Аgrostis tenius, Arrhenatherum elatius, Cynodon dactylon, and Trifolium repens, which are basic in creating lawns. Their botanical characteristics and ecological requirements, their resistance to trampling and their decorative qualities have been assessed.For the creation of quality grass carpets is important and good agricultural techniques, including - tillage, fertilizing, watering, sowing, mowing, aeration and cleaning and weed protection, which is the subject of analysis in the article.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • TYPES OF GRASS AREAS AND THEIR ROLE IN PARK ARRANGEMENT

    • Authors: Pavlina Naskova
      Pages: 158 - 164
      Abstract: The unfavorable ecological situation in urban areas and the continuous reduction of green areas in urban areas can be partially solved by building parks and gardens with large lawns, which have a proven ecological, aesthetic and microclimatic role. The publication presents a brief description of different types of lawns that play an important role in landscaping. An analysis of their advantages and disadvantages in terms of construction and maintenance.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • ANALYTICAL OR SEMI-EMPIRICAL DETERMINATION OF THE SPEED CONSTANTS OF
           SORPTION, ABSORPTION OF HEAVY METALS IN THE SOIL-ROOT SYSTEM

    • Authors: Pavlina Naskova
      Pages: 165 - 177
      Abstract: In the process of hematopoiesis, mail acts as a powerful accumulator and transformer for many types of pollutants. The absorption of the first heavy metals by mail is determined by the process of distribution between two main phases - solid and liquid and is carried out through a number of processes. The mathematical determination of absorption is carried out with the availability of information about the stability of the constant and the absorption coefficient, which is common. The subject of the publication is a presentation of the possibilities for analytical or semi-empirical determination of the fastest sorption constants, the absorption of heavy metals and the volume parts of the solid phase of the root and mail.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • WEB BASED EXTRACTION METHOD OF STEGANOGRAPHIC MESSAGE FROM 3D GRAPHIC
           MODEL

    • Authors: Konstantin Tsvetkov, Delyan Sarmov
      Pages: 178 - 183
      Abstract: In steganography, the use of various raster graphic file formats, as containers, has been explored. The present work aims to propose a method for inserting a message into a model built using 3D modeling software and stored in vector file format. These formats use standard libraries, supported from browsers compatible with WebGL, without any other additional software.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • THE ECHINOCOCCOSE BOOM REQUIRES AN EMERGENCY EXPLANATION CAMPAIGN AND
           NATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH MEASURES

    • Authors: Gospodin Peykov
      Pages: 184 - 189
      Abstract: Echinococcosis / from Latin: Echinococcosi / or also called canine tapeworm is a zooanthroponosis with a chronic course and most often, about 50-60% of cases, affects the liver, secondly - the lungs (35%), brain (3-5%), spleen, kidneys, etc. The causes are parasites belonging to the so-called biohelminths.The article discusses issues related to the geographical distribution and life cycle of Echinococcosis. Special attention is paid to clinical signs, prevention and diagnosis, including differential. The study presents the treatment, medical examination and some of the most common complications of echinococcosis.In conclusion, it is stated that Echinococcosis is an example of an uncontrollable increase in infected people. Bulgaria ranked second in limiting echinococcosis among the population by 1976, and by 2011 it was already first in the European Union in the incidence of canine tapeworm, exceeding several times the registered cases in other countries. The reason for this is poor hygiene and disturbed ecology.
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
  • REVIEW OF "ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT" BY PROF. DR. PLAMEN
           MARINOV LAKOV

    • Authors: Galin Petrov
      Pages: 190 - 192
      Abstract: A book review
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1
       
 
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