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New knowledge Journal of science
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1314-5703 - ISSN (Online) 2367-4598
Published by U of Agribusiness and Rural Development Homepage  [1 journal]
  • SELFIE TOURISM – A FASHIONABLE HOBBY OR A NEW FORM OF ALTERNATIVE
           TOURISM

    • Authors: Aleksandar Davchev
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: Tourism is one of the fastest growing and changing industries globally but can „selfie tourism“ be part of this change and in the future to be established as a business niche in the field of alternative tourism or it will remain just a fashionable hobby without significant economic effect is a question that concerns a number of researchers. A modern way to express yourself, a function of the advancement in the new technology or the next touristic phenomenon - it is still too early to say but still some main accents can be outlined.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS ON THE CROWDSOURCING IN THE
           MANAGEMENT INNOVATION PROCESS

    • Authors: Emanuela Esmerova, Drasko Atanasoski, Aleksandar Kostadinovski
      Pages: 13 - 22
      Abstract: This research will attempt to clarify the process management innovations of Crowdsourcing and to clarify the effect of this process on the stains creative and complex tasks. As well, we are going to present briefly a general view of literature on the process of innovations, the Crowdsourcing and we will present the results of our semantic study carried out on a sample of 23 volunteers motivated by the web, the E-management and the practice and the management of virtual communities which has been used in combination with a deductive study. On the other hand, viewed in dynamics,innovation should be defined as the process of specifying given idea from itsoccurrence to its market realization in the produced new products, services,technologies, processes.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • THE IDEAS OF RICARDO AND MALTUS - A CONTRIBUTION TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
           POLITICAL ECONOMY FROM THE END OF THE XVIII AND THE BEGINNING OF THE XIX
           CENTURY

    • Authors: Tsvetan Iliev
      Pages: 23 - 33
      Abstract: The subject of research in this paper is the formation of the economy as a separate scientific field under the name political economy in the end of 18th century until the beginning of the 19th century. The subject of the study is the changes that occur in the methodology, ideas and interpretation of the main economic categories in the field of the classical political economy in work of David Ricardo and Thomas Robert Malthus. On this basis, the aim of the work is to highlight the main views of the economic life of society in England and France from the end of 18th century until the beginning of the 19th century.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • A MODEL FOR ACCOUNTING OF GOODS EXPORTS

    • Authors: Stanislava Pancheva
      Pages: 35 - 44
      Abstract: The scientific research examines the transactions for export of goods, highlighting their nature and deriving their features for tax and accounting purposes. On this basis, an attempt was made to formulate a definition for them for the purposes of their accounting. Their specific features, directly related to the organization and implementation of the reporting process in non-financial enterprises, have been identified and characterized.In order to achieve a greater depth of research, the three options applicable in the national practice for accounting treatment of transactions for export of goods are analyzed and on this basis a model for their accounting has been developed and argued. The model has been tested in a real environment and conclusions have been drawn about its lawful, methodologically sound and practical application.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL TRANSFERS

    • Authors: Lenin Jovanovski
      Pages: 45 - 53
      Abstract: International Financial Money Transfer is an electronic transfer of funds in a particular currency and amount, to a friend, relative or company abroad. The person or company you pay for is known as a user. The bank to which the funds are sent is known as a customer bank. The realization of the activities in the process of operation of the economic, governmental and other entities requires the funds to be transferred from one account to another, ie from one place to another. Banks provide transfers of funds from account to account through networks of banking institutions operating on behalf of and for the benefit of customers.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • CULTIVATION OF ALTERNATIVE CROPS IN THE EASTERN RHODOPES IN BULGARIA

    • Authors: Elena Nikolova-Kostadinova
      Pages: 55 - 64
      Abstract: At a time when the introduction of any novelty in production or agriculture is being considered in the light of the damage to nature, and society is finally beginning to measure its technological progress with the degree of conservation, alternative crops are turning out to be a small fortune. The pursuit of sustainable development, declining agro-biodiversity and the health benefits associated with unique nutritional qualities are the main reasons for exploring and growing new alternative crops. The purpose of this study is to develop efficient agricultural production and the application of alternative agriculture in the area. The reasons for the need of the study are the fragmented and low-fertile land and the orientation of the Rhodopes agriculture towards ecological production and the requirements of the European market. The study included fiber, energy, oil and protein crops as alternative tobacco crops in the geographical territories of the Eastern Rhodopes - the districts of Kardjali and Haskovo. It was found that the fields with annual crops in the lands of the town of Ivaylovgrad in the Haskovo district realized higher yields than the respective studied crops. Of all the thirteen crops, the highest development and high yields were found in spelled, triticale, safflower, miscanthus, olives and almonds during the study period, and yields of hemp, flax, rapeseed, soybean, sorghum and buckwheat were unsatisfactory.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • SUITABLE TYPES OF CULTURES FOR THE CLIMATE-SOIL BELT OF THE EASTERN
           RHODOPES IN BULGARIA

    • Authors: Elena Nikolova-Kostadinova
      Pages: 65 - 87
      Abstract: The pursuit of sustainable development, declining agro-biodiversity and the health benefits associated with unique nutritional qualities are the main reasons for exploring and exploring new alternative crops. With increasing knowledge of the link between nutrition and health, there is an increased demand on the European market for healthy alternative food crops with unique nutritional qualities. Of great importance for the cultivation of technical and energy crops in Bulgaria is the availability of secured domestic markets. The aim is to study the problem of alternative crops in the Eastern Rhodopes in connection with the development of efficient agricultural production and the creation of alternative agriculture, by restoring traditional and creating new alternative production for the geographical territories of the Rhodope Massif. In conclusion, the diverse soil and climatic conditions of the Eastern Rhodopes in Bulgaria are favorable for cultivation of different types of plants. Studies are ongoing on the various climatic conditions, plant adaptability and fertility in the area.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • SPECIFICS OF THE APPLICATION OF BIOFERTILISERS IN THE AGRO-ECOSYSTEM

    • Authors: Veselka Vlahova
      Pages: 89 - 102
      Abstract: Organic agriculture is a specific method of production that supports ecological balance and has a minimum negative impact on neighboring natural ecosystems and on human health. An experiment was carried out in 2009- 2011 on the territory of a certified ecological farm of the Agroecological Centre at the Agricultural University-Plovdiv (Bulgaria). The experiment aims at researching the impact of applied biofertilizers on the phenological development, the biometric and physiological parameters of seedlings and the field conditions of organically cultivated pepper cv. Kurtovska Kapiya 1619, under the agroecological conditions of the region of Plovdiv. The study included biofertilizers- Lumbrical, Boneprot, Seasol, Baikal EM, Bio One, Emosan. Statistical data processing was done by Microsoft Office Excel 2017, SPSS and BIOSTAT. The stimulation effect on the growth of the vegetative organs in the seedling stage is the highest upon feeding with the biofertilizer Emosan on the Boneprot basic fertilization (2009, 2010, 2011). The biometric status of plants grown under field conditions confirms the stimulating effect of biofertilizers, as also established in seedling production. At the stage fruitfulness the application of Baikal on basic fertilization with Boneprot (2009, 2010, 2011) had the best stimulating effect on the net photosynthetic rate, and Bio One on basic fertilization with Boneprot (2009, 2011) had the highest impact on transpiration intensity and stomatal conductance, thus determining the specifics of the positive impact of the application of the biofertilizers in the agroecosystem. There is linear dependence between the temperature sum and the duration of the periods - from sprouting to the first true leaf (inclusive) at values of R=0.778, flowering (including the stages of flower bud and flowering) at values of R=0.92, and fruitfulness at values of R=0.918. The same may be used for prognostication of the duration of the separate periods of vegetation and the used variety of pepper. The application of biofertilizers aims at the optimization of the fertilization system in order to ensure the stable ecological environment in the agro-ecosystem without any environmental risk.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • STUDY OF SAMPLES FROM THE NATIONAL COLLECTION OF MILLET (PANICUM MILIACEUM
           L.) GROWN FOR GRAIN AS A SECOND CROP IN CENTRAL SOUTH BULGARIA

    • Authors: Ivan Alexiev
      Pages: 103 - 112
      Abstract: The study was conducted in the period 2010-2012 in the experimental field of IPGR Sadovo. The aim of the study is to to select samples, suitable for growing as a second crop in the conditions of Central Southern Bulgaria study by evaluation of the rich diversity in the National Millet Collection. 10 variants have been studied, five of which are earlier ripening and the other five have longer vegetation. It was found that for the three-year study period the average yield of the experiment was 233.47 kg/da. Samples № 169 and № 136 with an average yield of 264.22 kg/da and 263.36 kg/da, respectively were selected. These samples exceed the standard variety by 65.86 kg/da and 65.00 kg/da, respectively, or expressed as a percentage – by 33.20% and 32.77%. The selected samples are suitable for direct implementation in crop production. A multi-year date experiment with a duration of 10 years was carried out. The date, until which the sowing of millet as a second crop is possible, was determined. The results show that when sowing is done until June 15, the risk is justified.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • STUDY OF GENETIC DISTANCE ON GRAIN YIELD AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF
           ADVANCED LINES OF COMMON WINTER WHEAT

    • Authors: Zlatina Uhr, Evgeniy Dimitrov, Teodora Angelova
      Pages: 113 - 120
      Abstract: The experiment was conducted on the experimental field of IPGR „K. Malkov”, Sadovo during the period 2016-2018. The investigation was conducted in block shame in three repetitions with the size of the experimental plot of 10 m². Fourteen advanced breeding lines of common winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Sadovo 1 and Enola varieties were evaluated. The grain yield was recorded at a standard humidity of 13%. The main qualitaty indicators were monitored: 1000 kernel weight, test weight (kg/hl), sedimentation number, fermentation number, wet gluten content, relaxation of the gluten, bread making strength index and dry gluten. For the distance study, multivariate methods to determine the genetic distance between the participating genotypes were used. According to the cluster analysis dendrogram and the distances between the studied materials, they are divided into two main groups. The attached graphic of PC analysis shows the relationships between the studied indicators and the grouping of genotypes at the genetic distance between them. These methods can reduce the breeding progress by using the established genetic distance as a basis for the development of breeding program.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • ESTIMATION OF YIELD AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF ADVANCED LINES OF
           COMMON WINTER WHEAT IN THE REGION OF CENTRAL SOUTHERN BULGARIA

    • Authors: Teodora Angelova, Evgeniy Dimitrov, Zlatina Uhr
      Pages: 121 - 134
      Abstract: During the period 2016-2018 an investigation on the experimental field of IPGR “K. Malkov”, Sadovo was conducted. The investigations according to a block shame in three replicates with a size of the experimental plot of 10m² were performed. The grain yield is determined by standard grain moisture of 13%. Fourteen advanced breeding lines of common winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Sadovo 1 and Enola varieties were evaluated. The evaluation of the quality indicators was carried out in the technological laboratory. The Enola variety (quality standard for the group B) was adopted as the standard variety. The main qualitaty indicators were monitored: 1000 kernel weight, test weight (kg/hl), sedimentation number, fermentation number, wet gluten content, relaxation of the gluten, bread making strength index and dry gluten. The physicochemical parameters of the studied breeding lines MX 270/3461, MX 270/3462, MX 270/3463, MX 270/3464, MX 274/717, MX 270/27 and YaiZlа meet the requirements of the high quality group A, the rest of the group B.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • STUDY INFLUENCE OF THE YEAR ANG GENOTYPE WITH FIT MODEL OVER SIGNS-MARKERS
           OF COMMON WINTER WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) CULTIVARS IN CONDITIONS OF
           SOWING IN OCTOBER

    • Authors: Bogdan Bonchev
      Pages: 135 - 142
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to establish the influence of the year and genotype at the sowing date in October, on morphological markers in cultivars of common winter wheat. The study period covers 2016/2017 to 2018/2019. The first year was dry; the second year was rainy with uneven distribution of precipitation. The third year was warmest with extreme rainfall in June. The experiment was performed in the experimental field of IRGR Sadovo on cinnamon-shaped resin in the South-Central region of Bulgaria. The climate is transitional-continental. Plant material is two cultivars of common winter wheat Pobeda and Boryna. The sowing was carried out in the optimal period for the region on October 20. The Least significant differences (LSD) were found using the JMP 5.0.1 program. (JMP release 5.0.1., SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC). The signs-markers plant height, spike length; numbers of kernels per spike are influenced by the conditions of the year, as they give proven differences. The influence of the conditions of the year on the sign mass 1000 grains is weaker in the cultivar Pobeda, as no proven differences are observed. In the case of the Boryana cultivar, the mass 1000 grains is stable in the first two years, but has been proven to decrease in the third year.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • MORPHOLOGICAL MARKERS FOR COMMON WINTER WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) IN
           CONDITIONS OF SOWING IN JANUARY

    • Authors: Bogdan Bonchev
      Pages: 143 - 154
      Abstract: The purpose of the present study is to determine the effect of sowing period on morphological markers of common winter wheat varieties and the relationship with the elements of seed production, in conditions of climate change.The first year of the survey is more rainy. The second year is characterized by a lack of rainfall during the winter, early spring drought and high summer average monthly temperatures. In June 2019 nature of rainfall was a natural disaster.Vegetable material for the study is the cultivars of common winter wheat Pobeda and Boryаna. The following analyzes were performed: variation analysis, indicator of accuracy, analysis of the variance of the studied traits, the power of influence of the factors was calculated, correlation analysis, multiple step regression analysis and homogeneity test of cultivars.The density of the spike, the weight of 1000 grains and length of spike is found to have a large error in the analysis of variance. In terms of sowing in January surveyed signs are not self-sufficient to identify the cultivar and should be monitored complex. Performing any maintenance of the tested cultivars common winter wheat under conditions of sowing in January is not recommended.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • MORPHOLOGICAL MARKERS OF COMMON WINTER WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) UNDER
           CONDITIONS OF SOWING IN DECEMBER

    • Authors: Bogdan Bonchev
      Pages: 155 - 166
      Abstract: The purpose of the present study is to determine the effect of sowing period on morphological markers of common winter wheat cultivars and the relationship with the elements of seed production. The survey period covers the vegetative 2017/2018 to 2018/2019 years.The purpose of the present study is to determine the effect of sowing period on morphological markers of common winter wheat varieties and the relationship with the elements of seed production, in conditions of climate change.The first year of the survey is more rainy. The second year is characterized by a lack of rainfall during the winter, early spring drought and high summer average monthly temperatures. In June 2019 nature of rainfall was a natural disaster.Vegetable material for the study is the cultivars of common winter wheat Pobeda and Boryаna. The following analyzes were performed: variation analysis, indicator of accuracy, analysis of the variance of the studied traits, the power of influence of the factors was calculated, correlation analysis, multiple step regression analysis and homogeneity test of cultivars.Seed production in common winter wheat, Boryana cultivar, with sowing in December in the particular experimental setting is formed mainly by the number of productive tillers per m².The seed yield of the Pobeda cultivar under sowing conditions in early December is mainly based on the strong positive correlation with the number of kernels per spike and the weight of kernels in spike.It is confirmed that the length of the spike is appropriate for the morphological marker of the cultivars examined under sowing conditions in December, and an additional marker may be used for a weight of 1000 kernels.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • STUDY OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF PESTS IN LAVENDER (LAVANDULA L.)

    • Authors: Zheko Radev
      Pages: 167 - 170
      Abstract: Studies of lavender plantations in the surveyed areas showed no plant pests. According to the intensive agriculture in the area, the rich background of pests accumulated over the years due to improper implementation of plant protection measures, expectations were to identify some economically important pests in lavender plantations. The lavender plantations are located in ventilated places on a slope and water drainage occurs. Perhaps the open places where there are air currents, strong sunshine, the angle at which the sun shines on the lavender plants and the lack of moisture are key factors in the lack of enemies in the surveyed areas. The agrotechnical measures applied in the cultivation of the crop also help the good condition of the plants and the absence of enemies. For this reason, it is very important to choose a place to create lavender plantations, and for those available to maintain a high agro background.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • STUDY OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF COCCINELLIDAE IN OIL-BEARING ROSE (ROSA
           DAMASCENA MILL.)

    • Authors: Zheko Radev
      Pages: 171 - 174
      Abstract: The study in the plantations of red oil-bearing rose in the area of the Institute for roses and aromatic plants established the presence of four species of family Coccinellidae. The species Coccinella septempunctata L. and Harmonia axyridis Palas have the highest density during the study period, 43.9% and 41.5%. The results show a drastic increase in the density of the introduced species Harmonia axyridis Palas in the past few years. This species appears later than the others, but has a relatively faster rate of development, and since May even outnumbers the representatives of Coccinella septempunctata L. According to these data, in the coming years the Harmonia axyridis Palas may displace the seven-spotted ladybug, as the main aphidofag in oil-bearing rose plantations, and thus can disrupt the sustainable balance of ladybug density.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • PHYTOSANITARY MONITORING OF PESTS ON OIL BEARING ROSE (ROSA DAMASCENA
           MILL.)

    • Authors: Zheko Radev
      Pages: 175 - 178
      Abstract: More than 50 oil-bearing roses farms in 15 villages in five different municipalities of Pazardzhik district were visited. After the phytosanitary monitoring, differences in the surveyed pests entomofauna for the individual villages were established. In the mountains areas of the district due to the registration of slightly lower minimum temperatures, a delay in the multiplication of aphids has been found. The green rose aphid (Macrosiphum rosae L.) is found everywhere in all areas as an adult. The rose agrilus (Agrilus mokrzeckii Obenberger), as an adult, is found in the lowlands, and in the larval stage in the mountains. The hairy beetle (Tropinota hirta Poda), as an adult, was found everywhere except in Bratsigovo and Belovo. The Rhynchites hungaricus Fus. as an adult is found in the lowlands, and in the mountains in Panagyurishte and Strelcha. The Platyptila rhododactylus Fabr. was not found in the surveyed areas.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
  • DYNAMIC OF DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN ROSE LEAF APHIDE (MACROSIPHUM ROSAE L.) IN
           OIL-BEARING ROSE (ROSA DAMASCENA MILL.)

    • Authors: Zheko Radev
      Pages: 179 - 182
      Abstract: The study on the rate of infestation in oil-bearing rose plantations were made from April 10 to July 10, 2020, it’s describing the meteorological situation during the reporting days. In farms where aphid’s treatments were carried out, the infestation rate ranged from 0 to 1 point. The dynamics of the population density of green rose aphids in non-insecticide treated farms is interesting. It is closely related to natural factors, and meteorological conditions this year have regulated the rate of infestation. Climatic factors influence the dynamics of development of harmful and beneficial entomofauna. In the first half of May, heavy rains were reported, which washed away the aphides and thus reduced the infestation rate to 1 point, which remains until the end of the month.
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3
       
 
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