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Economia Agro-Alimentare
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1126-1668 - ISSN (Online) 1972-4802
Published by Edizioni Franco Angeli Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Abstract:

      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Enhancement of food production quality: the truffle case
    • Abstract: Elena Viganò, Federico Gori, Antonella Amicucci
      The central role of quality agri-food production in the promotion of a given territory is actually widely recognized by both the economic and marketing literature and the stakeholders involved in the enhancement process of rural systems. On this basis, this work analyzes one of the finest Italian agri-food products: the truffle. This work tries to point out the main problems characterizing the current regulatory framework, the trade and the production of the Italian truffle sector, emphasizing their causes, consequences and possible solutions.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Dietary diversity status of rural households in Nigeria: A gendered
           perspective
    • Abstract: Oluwakemi Adeola Obayelu, Olusayo Olubisi Idowu
      Evidence of upsurge in food insecurity incidence and its vulnerability of households in both rural and urban areas in Nigeria has led to enquiries about the richness of available food baskets and evenness of their consumption. The objective of this study was to examine the dietary diversity among rural households in Nigeria from a gender perspective. Data from the Living Standard Measurement Survey- Integrated Survey on Agriculture (lsms-isa) 2016 were analysed using Simpson Diversity Index, Cross tabulation and Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition. Most of the rural households were male-headed (85%) with an average age of 53 years old and had household size of 8 persons. Dietary diversity score was slightly higher in female-headed households than among their male counterparts. Fish and seafood had the highest food share expenditure among female-headed households while cereals had the highest in male-headed households. Low dietary diversity was predominant among households where the head was 31 to 40 years old male with at least 16 members, while the high dietary diversity was highest among households with 51 to 60 years old female heads and 11 to 15 members. Difference in mean of aggregate dietary diversity between male- and female-headed households revealed a gap of 0.0155 in favour of the female-headed households. There were significant gender differences in household endowments such as household size, income, tangible assets owned and farm size, which explained dietary diversity among rural households in Nigeria.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Environmental Benefits of Precision Agriculture Adoption
    • Abstract: Marco Medici, Søren Marcus Pedersen, Giacomo Carli, Maria Rita Tagliaventi
      The purpose of this study is to analyse the environmental benefits of precision agriculture technology adoption obtained from the mitigation of negative environmental impacts of agricultural inputs in modern farming. Our literature review of the environmental benefits related to the adoption of precision agriculture solutions is aimed at raising farmers’ and other stakeholders’ awareness of the actual environmental impacts from this set of new technologies. Existing studies were categorised according to the environmental impacts of different agricultural activities: nitrogen application, lime application, pesticide application, manure application and herbicide application. Our findings highlighted the effects of the reduction of input application rates and the consequent impacts on climate, soil, water and biodiversity. Policy makers can benefit from the outcomes of this study developing an understanding of the environmental impact of precision agriculture in order to promote and support initiatives aimed at fostering sustainable agriculture.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Factors of International Competitiveness of EU Member States’ Food
           Industries
    • Abstract: Katarzyna Monika Lukiewska, Malgorzata Grazyna Juchniewicz
      The research problem presented in the article concerns the evaluation of competitive factors of EU Member States’ food industries. Having adopted the concept of factor competitiveness, the focus was put mainly on the level and effectiveness of the use of resources owned by food producers. To this end, the following indices were calculated: a particular country’s share in the total number of food industry enterprises in the EU, productivity, and labour costs. While considering the great significance of innovative activity in developing competitive advantage, innovative activity of food industries in particular countries was evaluated. It was found that food producers used various competitive factors. In the more technologically advanced countries, these included labour productivity and innovation. The so-called "new" Member States are still competing using low labour costs.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Crawling financialization in Central and Eastern Europe using the example
           of Agriculture
    • Abstract: Justyna Agnieszka Franc-Dabrowskaa
      The article examines the financialization process in Western and Central and Eastern European countries using the example of agriculture, in particular, agricultural land. The phenomenon discussed is identified as ‘crawling financialization’ in Central and Eastern Europe. Countries whose economies underwent a socialpolitical transformation in the 1990s proved to be resistant to the heavy impact of the 2008 financial crisis. Agriculture is one area that should be examined for the phenomenon of financialization, because agricultural land is a desirable investment resource (after exhausting relatively safe opportunities in the financial market), and because investors from capital markets are increasingly moving into commodity markets to speculate on raw materials and agricultural products. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the extent of this phenomenon - whether it’s defined as aggressive investment or the crawling financialization of agricultural markets. This paper outlines the determinants of the development of financialization in the food sector, and examines the concept of both ‘galloping’ and ‘creeping’ financialization and their implications for the agricultural sector, with particular emphasis on agricultural land. Considering the fact that ‘financialization’ is a fuzzy concept that is open to interpretation, an attempt was made to concretize it by dividing countries into developed or developing. In addition, attention was paid to the decline in the share of agricultural land in the long-term, and the transfer of investors’ free cash from high-risk markets to the agricultural land market. This is prompted by the specific features of land, such as its inconsistency, non-reproducibility, and theoretically also indestructibility.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Determinants of variation of potato prices in the European Union
    • Abstract: Krzysztof Firleja, Sebastian Kubala
      Prices are considered to be an only, directly observable market parameter, deciding on a degree of implementation of functions of market entities. The variability is inherent to prices, in accordance to an attribute of functioning on competitive market. Examination of factors affecting the prices is particularly significant on account of occurrence of many potential variables which may impact their levels and still increasing market ties among particular economies. Potato is one of the basic agricultural raw materials in the world. Potato is of high economic value, mainly through the universal usability both by manufacturers as well as consumers. The purpose of the article was to determine of variables characterizing strong dependency on evolving level of potato prices in the EU countries. Attempts of building a model aimed at depicting potato prices evolution in the European Union countries under an influence of particular variables was performed using panel data models. Conducted analyses allowed to indicate the occurrence of regional variation of potato prices in particular European Union countries. It was also shown that essential impact on a potato prices level is potato production volume, value of gross domestic product and potato import volumes.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Changes in the level and structure of food expenses in the European Union
           in the context of increasing household incomes
    • Abstract: Ryszard Kata, Magdalena Cyrek, Piotr Cyrek
      Changes in the consumption model are inherent in the processes of socio-economic development the indicator of which is the enrichment of the population. Such changes include the emergence of new proportions in the consumption of particular categories of goods and services, and, according to the regularities observed by Engel, lower the share of expenditure on a broadly understood category of food. Increasing incomes are also linked to changes in the internal structure of food consumption. This study is to assess the changes in the level and structure of food expenses resulting from the enrichment of the European Union (EU) societies. The study covered the co-occurrence of differences in food consumption with households’ income differences in the EU countries. The analyses presented in the study relate to the period after the EU enlargement in 2004 and are based on the Eurostat data. The research allows for a positive verification of the thesis that the higher the incomes, the more balanced the structure of food expenses. In more affluent economies, the consumption of a more diversified basket of goods is observed. This finding is supported by the high negative correlation between the structure concentration ratio for food expenditure and the households’ income level. In addition, the identification of country clusters based on consumption expenditure broken down into food categories makes it possible to confirm the thesis that there are income differences between economies with different consumption models. It is confirmed by the variance analysis concerning income level for countries in three groups: the South Europe with the highest food expenses, the Central and Eastern Europe with the most limited spending and the lowest income, and the affluent "old" EU members with high expenses on luxuries consumed for social reasons. However, the analyses presented here do not allow for validation of the thesis that food consumption patterns among the EU countries become similar, but rather point to the predominance of the consumption divergence processes, which occur despite the declining income differences. This claim is based on the observation of increasing average Euclidian distance between food expenses in the EU countries in 2005 and 2015. Nevertheless, some signs of shift towards Mediterranean consumption patterns may be found for many societies.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Polish farmer and consumer preference for product produced within
           standards respected animal welfare
    • Abstract: Monika Gebska, Barbara Golebiewska, Carmen Hubbard
      In the last two decades, public concerns regarding animal welfare have increased significantly worldwide. These in turn, put pressure on policy-makers to act, by imposing stricter regulations on how animals are reared and treated. This is particularly the case in the European Union, who leads globally in the development of international conventions for the protection of animals and where animals are officially recognised as ‘sentient beings’. Research into animal welfare within the natural and social sciences has also flourished. Given the growing public concerns, more research regarding a better understanding of consumers’ attitudes and behaviour regarding animal welfare friendly products is needed. This study aims to examine consumers’ awareness regarding farm animal welfare. More specifically, it focuses on Polish consumers’ attitudes towards animal welfare when making decisions on purchasing animal products. Respondents were divided in two major categories of consumers, i.e. farmers and non-farmers. Research conducted in Poland among farmers being consumers of animal products shows that less than 50% have encountered the concept of animal welfare. In the case of the non-farmers, the share of respondents familiar with the concept of animal welfare was lower (38%).
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Development of entrepreneurship in valuable natural rural areas
    • Abstract: Grzegorz Slusarza, Marek Cierpial-Wolan
      The values of the natural environment in the subject literature are commonly indicated as an asset conducive to development shaping the competitiveness of areas with such values. The paper attempts to assess the use of endogenous potential of such areas in shaping the multifunctional, sustainable development of rural areas that have such qualities. In particular, the aim was to check to what extent the sme sector, dominating in the economic structure of rural areas, solves the key problem of labour market imbalance and population migration in environmentally valuable areas. The area of detailed research is Podkarpacie, the Polish region considered as a peripheral, border region, the least urbanized region with the highest share of areas covered by various forms of nature protection and forestation, with one of the lowest gdp per capita indicator in the country. For the purpose of implementing the research assumptions, a taxonomic unit (using the complete linkage method) consisting of powiats with the highest concentration of features characteristic for rural areas of high natural values was separated. Synthetic indicators calculated on the basis of the Hellwig taxonomic development pattern method and a positional method using Weber’s median were used to assess the diversity of entrepreneurship level. The research confirmed that the non-agricultural economic activity sector is less developed in areas of high natural value. Despite positive developments in the enterprise sector, their potential is too weak an economic base for addressing unsustainable labour market problems, as evidenced by high unemployment and a high negative migration balance. This limits the use of the endogenous potential of these areas and is not conducive to the concept of multifunctional, sustainable development. Migration poses a threat to the depopulation of these areas with all the negative consequences associated with such processes. This is a challenge for the studied areas and regional policy.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Local contribution to circular economy. A case study of a Polish rural
           municipality
    • Abstract: Jaroslaw Golebiewski, Josu Takala, Oskar Juszczyk, Nina Drejerska
      The concept of circular economy is becoming increasingly important not only for academics, but also for other stakeholders. Notably the local government representatives are implementing such solutions, in response for the population growth and development, connected with increased consumption. This paper aims to recognize existing local solutions of circular economy as well as to identify possible ways for its development. Mixed methodology is used, including constructive approach, swot analysis, descriptive statistics or weak-market test. An analysis emphasizes a positive impact of circular economy on local development of the investigated municipality. However, it is still necessary to continue and intensify information and education activities for increasing public awareness of waste prevention, their removal under communal waste collection and collection systems, and proper management of municipal waste (especially biodegradable waste).
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Factors influencing cereals yield in Polish agriculture
    • Abstract: Ludwik Wicki
      The aim of the paper is to evaluate the relative importance of the selected inputs for cereals yields in Poland, especially the importance of certified seed. The following data have been used in research: inputs of artificial fertilizers per hectare, consumption of pesticides per hectare, certified seeds per hectare and average soil quality. All data were calculate for provinces level for each year in the period 2000-2017. The patterns of source of productivity were investigated using two methods: interpretation of estimated parameters in Cobb-Douglas production function and analysis of squared semipartial correlations. The results from both methods applied in the research are similar. The paper argues that the least "pure impact" is connected with certified seeds, medium impact to chemical originated inputs (fertilizers and pesticides) and the largest impact - to soil quality. The findings of the study indicates that: - pure impact of "certified seeds" is 7%; - impact of chemical origin inputs is circa 30% - (influence of pesticides and artificial fertilizers are not to be separated because its strongly depend each other); - pure impact of "soil quality" - about 60%. Domination of chemical inputs in yield formation is visible. It was also stated, that interaction of four inputs constitute from 35 to 62% of total influence on cereals yield. From this perspective it can be concluded that level of all other inputs have to be adequate to soil conditions and one of most important factor is interaction between variety, soil and fertilizing.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • The rare, Georgian wine grape in modern enology
    • Abstract: Nino Chkhartishvili, Londa Mamasakhlisashvili, Irma Tchanturia, Demetre Bakradze
      Preserving rare grapes is not just a matter of variety. Recent dna research has shown that unusual and unknown grape varieties provide clues to wine history. During the centuries, 525 Georgian grape varieties had been known but most of them were degenerated. Nowadays, more than 437 rare Georgian vine varieties are preserved in the geo 038 collection of Agricultural Research-Scientific Center, established in 2014 under the Environment Protection and agriculture ministry. Study of the genetic pool of Georgian grape varieties determine the sustainability of the sector and enrichment of the modern wine market. For this reason the studies of the rare aboriginal grape varieties have begun by their ampelography, phenology, chemical, and oeno-caprological characterizes. The aim of this study is to investigate rare, Georgian, aboriginal wine-grapes by their ampelography, chemical and oenolo-caprological characterizes, and to offer different style and aroma wines to the market, enriching the modern wine assortment. The present study investigated firstly the rare Georgian aboriginal grape variety (Chvitiluri) by its characterizes. In this study grapes caprologycal indication, dynamic development of the sugar accumulation, TA and pH in berries, polyphenols extract in skin and seeds, and phenolic compounds were determined. The grape has been compared with Georgian and French wine-grapes and their products as well. The results show that the grape variety - Chvitiluri, and vinification technique (aging on lee) have the significant impact on the total phenol content in wine. White varietal wine contents high alcohol 13,2%, total phenols 733-500mg/l. Wine has specific, varietal characterizes color, taste, aroma. This study indicates that the rare local, aboriginal variety presents the perspective sort for wine production and can be returned in wine production.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Food Loss and Waste, a global responsibility'!
    • Abstract: Nino Adamashvili, Filomena Chiara, Mariantonietta Fiore
      Food loss and waste remains a big academic and policy concern all over the world. Reduction of flw is one of the ways to enhance the food quality and security as well as environmental sustainability and economic wellbeing. The aim of the article is to tackle the issue of the flw and investigate the results that derive from worldwide implemented projects and strategies. To do so, the paper brings together the findings of the main fieldworks related to the flw issue categorizing them along the several phases of the food supply chain: harvesting, processing, storage, transportation and consumption. Besides the analysis of academic literature on the topic, we have collected and described several good practical cases and initiatives related to flw problem carried out similarly to the results of the authors cited in the theoretical part of the paper. Findings show our point of view on the importance of optimal and sustainable use of resources, as well as the ways through which food related expenditures can be reduced. An aware, bottom-up and crosssectional approach appears to be crucial for facing this global issue and for making it more manageable over time.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Web platform for "Smart City" data collection and analytics
    • Abstract: Irakli Shalamberidze, Merab Akhobadze
      The study aims to highlight that nowadays, finding ways to manage the current processes both in the regions and in cities with big agglomeration is the most important and difficult problem. A fortiori, when it concerns developed regions. While designing urban system development, management, and reconstruction projects, both managers of the cities and urbanists must take into account the opinions of specialists, who have different categories of mindsets and they "talk different languages" (Sociologists, ecologists, businessmen, etc.). Summing up the aforementioned languages in a common denominator is possible only by mathematics and computing tools. Nowadays, the problems of city management are united in the concept of "Smart city", which is usually referred to as "informational city". "Smart City" - this is an integration concept, which involves the usage of the so called "integrated imitative model" for systematic, stable, optimal decision making, as the city is a whole dynamic unity. Today’s managers of the cities, urbanists, investors, businessmen, sociologists, etc. have to deal with a huge amount of parameters, opinions and data in a nonsystematic manner. Our proposed study "Unified Web Platform of the Region and Smart Management" includes: website, Google Map, pointing object in the map, saving the objects and their parameters, mathematical and programmatic tools, cloud computing, python computing libraries, Restful api as a web service, etc. As for the web service or restful api, any software can have access to the data of the united web platform of the region through a specially defined protocol. Objects presented in the map have assigned specialized and standardized parameters, which are used by the system algorithm for the analyses and the presentation of all the structural creators of the dynamic processes of the city. This gives us the opportunity to see the whole chain of interactions, which are caused by the actions on any object of the city. Users register on the website and they can see the parameters of the objects that are set in the map. The objects in the databases are classified by their purpose, affiliation, destination and other marks. There is an ability for users to define the status of an object on their own. Users can also add or remove objects on the map and can manipulate with the updated parameters on the map. They can evaluate the chain of results both in the time and dimensional manner. For the built-in mathematical tools and algorithms in the system, we use Algebraic topology methods, Graphs theory non-linear differential equations, the theory of disasters and bifurcation, Chaos theory, methods of mathematical statistics and more. Web platform includes all the mathematical tools and programmatic packages that are necessary for stable development of small and medium-sized business.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • The impact of information and communication technologies in fish
           consumption in Portugal: building a support for the coming generations
    • Abstract: Valentina Chkoniya, Ana Oliveira Madsen, Teresa Coelho
      Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are powerful tools in an extremely unstable and turbulent world, being a vital weapon in an era of electronic communication, full of unpredictability and entropy. Portugal is Europe’s leader in consumption of fish and ranks third in the world. It is with this historical, economic and food galaxy interpretation of the world that we have decided to study the fish consumption supply chain in Portugal, distributing and analyzing 2 different surveys on purchase and consumption behaviors. 1393 respondents participated in surveys, one survey being for the general of the population and another one specifically for generations Y and Z. Being ICTs so vital to young people and being generation Y and Z the future in consumption, we have focused our study on how to build a support for the coming generations. To do that we have design communication strategies for fishing sector, including point-of-sale communication, underlining the issue of shopping experience, which in the case of young consumers is, very closely linked to ICT, based on creating sustained value for society underpinned by a relation of cooperation and proximity. Following Toffler’s permanent adaptation survival rule, it is vital to the food supply chain (in our case, fish) to rapidly understand that the future of consumption is in the hands of the "Z/Post-Millennials" generation, meaning that product, place, price and promotion have been replaced by Ettenson’s Solutions, Access, Value and Education.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jan 2020 8:00:00 GMT
       
 
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