Journal Cover Perspectives on Terrorism
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2334-3745 - ISSN (Online) 2334-3745
   Published by U of Massachusetts Homepage  [17 journals]
  • Welcome from the Editors

    • Authors: Alex P. Schmid, James J.F. Forest
      Abstract: A welcome message from the editors of Perspectives on Terrorism.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Israel’s Policy in Extortionist Terror Attacks (Abduction and
           Hostage Barricade Situations)

    • Authors: Boaz Ganor
      Abstract: One of the most challenging type of terror incidents is that of an extortionist attack, such as hostage-taking and kidnappings. Extortion attacks require governments to evaluate a series of options for handling the incident, ranging from giving in to all of the terrorists’ demands, to full-blown military-rescue operations. Since the 1970s, Israel has handled a number of extortionist attacks, using the Rabin Doctrine, which advocates rescue operations as a means of handling the attacks. This policy led to a shift in the kind of attacks being perpetrated against Israelis, with a shift from hostage-taking attacks to abductions. During extortionist attacks, decision-makers are faced with the dilemma of how to deter future terror attacks, while ensuring the safe release of hostages. This article illustrates the dilemmas that decision makers face during extortionist attacks, and will highlight the options that decisions makers have, using Israel’s experience as a case study.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • The Dawa'ish: A Collective Profile of IS Commanders

    • Authors: Ronen Zeidel
      Abstract: Based on the scrutiny of daily Iraqi newspapers, this article offers a collective profile of the commanders in the Islamic State (IS), the so-called Dawa’ish. From the highest level to the lowest ranks, Iraqis form the large majority of the commanders of IS in both Iraq and Syria. After determining the national background and discussing the role of non-Iraqis in the ranks of IS, the article focuses on the social, tribal, and regional backgrounds of the Iraqis in IS’ ranks, providing in-depth information on the social and political background of IS in Iraqi society.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Assessing the Feasibility of a ‘Wilayah Mindanao’

    • Authors: Joseph Franco
      Abstract: Philippine-based militants led by Isnilon Hapilon are continuing their efforts to build an Islamic State presence in Central Mindanao. The Battle for Marawi has demonstrated how conflict-affected areas, specifically in the Lanao del Sur province, are favourable to the entry of foreign jihadists. These individuals may decide to join IS-affiliated groups in the Philippines instead of travelling to the Middle East. As the IS core faces increasing pressure from coalition forces, Mindanao could serve as a halfway house for Katibah Nusantara fighters seeking to hone their combat skills before returning to their countries of origin. Denying space to a potential ‘wilayah Mindanao’ rests on the success of the peace process with mainstream Filipino Muslim groups.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Awareness Trainings and Detecting Jihadists among Asylum Seekers: A Case
           Study from The Netherlands

    • Authors: Joris van Wijk, Maarten P. Bolhuis
      Abstract: Dutch frontline professionals who work with asylum seekers receive awareness training to assist them in identifying possible signs of jihadist convictions. During these training sessions, they are provided with a complex, ambiguous, and multi-interpretable advice on how to detect such convictions. Based on interviews with respondents working in the immigration process and with the Dutch intelligence services (AIVD and MIVD), this article discusses how these trainings are translated into practice and to what extent the alerts shared by frontline professionals are relevant in the actual identification of jihadism. It concludes that it is as of yet unknown whether such trainings are useful, effective, and/or efficient. They might even have negative consequences such as over-reporting and stigmatization. It is therefore imperative to perform empirical and evidence-based studies that evaluate the effects of available training and tools.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Terrorism Events Data: An Inventory of Databases and Data Sets, 1968-2017

    • Authors: Neil G Bowie
      Abstract: This Research Note presents 60 key databases, data sets and chronologies on terrorism events data developed since 1968. It describes design characteristics of these quantitative data collections and points to their usefulness for research on terrorism and counter-terrorism. The information presented here is divided into three categories: (i) Academic, Think Tank and Independent Databases (n =43)(ii) Commercial Databases (n = 10) and(iii) Governmental Databases (n = 7).In a few cases, the scope of the datasets includes related forms of armed conflict. In most cases, there are clickable links to the data storage sites. All website links have been validated as of 11 August 2017.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Towards Academic Consensus Definitions of Radicalism and Extremism

    • Authors: Astrid Bötticher
      Abstract: Radicalism and extremism are frequently (mis-)used concepts. The meaning of these terms is vague and the boundaries between them and between either of these terms and mainstream political thoughts and practices are unclear. While there are no legal definitions of extremism or radicalism in most countries, there are nevertheless many governmental programs that deal with [Countering] Violent Extremism (CVE) and [De-]Radicalisation since both imply a turn to a specific form of political violence: terrorism. This Research Note presents the outcome of terminological and conceptual analyses of definitions of extremism and radicalism as utilised (mainly, but not exclusively) in Germany. The objective was to develop academic consensus definitions of these terms comparable to the approach developed by Alex P. Schmid for reaching an Academic Consensus Definition of Terrorism.[1]
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Central Asian Jihadists in the Front Line

    • Authors: Ely Karmon
      Abstract: Since the beginning of 2017, a string of jihadist terrorist attacks involved Central Asian citizens, mainly of Uzbek and Kirgiz origin, notably in Turkey, Russia and Sweden. Another element, which should not be underestimated, are the Uighur jihadists, original from the Xinjiang Region in China. The final demise of the Islamic State, the disappearance of its territorial base and the pressure of the various coalition forces in Iraq and Syria on the surviving foreign fighters, will compel them to flee to ungoverned states, like Yemen and Libya, but for the various Central Asian jihadists, Afghanistan and the Pakistan tribal areas seem the most suitable refuge. From there they can swarm in case of need for attacks into Europe, Central Asia, China, India and beyond.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Does the Cure Address the Problem' Examining the Trump
           Administration’s Executive Order on Immigration from Muslim-majority
           Countries Using Publicly Available Data on Terrorism

    • Authors: Daniel Milton
      Abstract: This Research Note offers an empirical examination of the threat from terrorism abroad in the context of the Trump Administration’s executive order restricting entry into the United States from certain Muslim countries. More specifically, it compares the number of foreign fighters coming from and the number of terrorist attacks in the countries listed in the executive order to the next highest producers of fighters and locations for terrorist attacks. The result is that, while some of the countries listed in the order have shown that they produce foreign fighters and experience terrorist activity, they are certainly not the only or most egregious targets under this standard.  
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • The Islamic State after the Caliphate - Can IS Go Underground'

    • Authors: Thomas R. McCabe
      Abstract: While ISIS may intend to resume its underground existence in Syria and Iraq as the ISIS statelet is about to be defeated, this may turn out to be significantly more difficult than many expect. At first glance, the postwar environment may appear fertile for ISIS to pursue such a strategy, but other factors – widespread factional and popular hostility to ISIS and the loss of theological/ideological and functional legitimacy due to defeat - will make it difficult for IS cadres and rank and file to go underground. It will be especially difficult for many of the foreign fighters - in particular Western foreign fighters - who joined ISIS to go underground. 
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Bibliography: Root Causes of Terrorism

    • Authors: Judith Tinnes
      Abstract: This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on root causes of terrorism (i.e., the spectrum of factors which trigger, catalyse, or sustain terrorist activities by individuals or groups). Although focusing on recent literature, the bibliography is not restricted to a particular time period and covers publications up to July 2017. The literature was retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems were employed to expand the search.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Recent Online Resources for the Analysis of Terrorism and Related Subjects

    • Authors: Berto Jongman
      Abstract: A collection of recent online resources for the analysis of terrorism and related subjects
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Academic Theses (Ph.D. and MA) on Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Related
           Issues, written in English between 2013 and 2017

    • Authors: Ryan Scrivens
      Abstract: This bibliography contains doctoral dissertations (Ph.D.) and Master (MA) Theses on issues relating to terrorism and counter-terrorism. Titles were retrieved manually by browsing the Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD) database, using the search term ‘terrorism’. More than 2,500 entries were evaluated, of which 238 were ultimately selected for this list. All theses are open source. However, readers should observe possible copyright restrictions. The title entries are ‘clickable’, allowing access to full texts. Bibliographic entries are divided into the following sub-sections: 1. Terrorism Actors, Groups, Incidents, and Campaigns 2. Counter-Terrorism Strategies, Tactics, and Operations 3. Counter-Terrorism Policy, Legislation, Law, and Prosecution 4. Terrorism and the Media, Representations, and Public Opinion 5. State Repression and Civil War 6. Terrorism and the Internet 7. Terrorism and Gender
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Marc Sageman. Turning to Political Violence: The Emergence of Terrorism.

    • Authors: Alex P. Schmid
      Abstract: A book review by Alex P. Schmid of Marc Sageman's Turning to Political Violence: The Emergence of Terrorism.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Geoff Dean. Neurocognitive Risk Assessment for the Early Detection of
           Violent Extremists

    • Authors: Leiya Lemkey, Daniel T. Wilcox
      Abstract: A book review by Leiya Lemkey and Daniel T. Wilcox of Geoff Dean's Neurocognitive Risk Assessment for the Early Detection of Violent Extremists.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Joseph Daher. Hezbollah: The Political Economy of Lebanon’s Party of
           God.

    • Authors: Richard C. Dietrich
      Abstract: A book review by Richard C. Dietrich of Joseph Daher's Hezbollah: The Political Economy of Lebanon’s Party of God, 
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Counterterrorism Bookshelf: 15 Books on Terrorism &
           Counterterrorism-Related Subjects

    • Authors: Joshua Sinai
      Abstract: Capsule reviews of 15 books on terrorism & Counterterrorism-related subjects 
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • TRI Thesis Award 2016: Top Finalists Identified

    • Authors: Alex P. Schmid
      Abstract: Annoucement on the TRI Thesis Award 2016. 
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • About Perspectives on Terrorism

    • Authors: Alex P. Schmid
      Abstract: About Perspectives on Terrorism
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Perspectives on Terrorism Volume 11, Issue 4

    • Authors: Authors Authors
      Abstract: The complete issue of Perspectives on Terrorism Volume 11, Issue 4.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
       
 
 
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