Journal Cover Perspectives on Terrorism
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2334-3745 - ISSN (Online) 2334-3745
   Published by U of Massachusetts Homepage  [17 journals]
  • Welcome from the Editors

    • Authors: The Editors
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Countering Violent Extremism in Prisons: A Review of Key Recent Research
           and Critical Research Gaps

    • Authors: Andrew Silke, Tinka Veldhuis
      Abstract: Over the past decade, government policy has repeatedly identified prisons as particularly important environments in terms of both the risks of radicalisation and of opportunities for de-radicalisation. This paper provides an overview of some of the most important research findings that have emerged on prison and violent extremism in recent years. Drawing on this research, the article synthesises and assesses the dominating themes and views in the literature. The paper also identifies a number of significant knowledge gaps that deserve further scholarly attention.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • The New Crusaders: Contemporary Extreme Right Symbolism and Rhetoric

    • Authors: Ariel Koch
      Abstract: A new right-wing extremism is on the rise in contemporary Europe and North America. Those who embrace this ideology articulate extreme hatred towards the left, which they consider “treacherous” or “disloyal”, and towards Muslims and immigrants, and eventually are prone to violence against them. In Europe, a new movement known as the Counter Jihad Movement has emerged. It is exploiting jihadi terrorism and immigration in order to gain more support, mobilize people and justify their struggle on the Internet, on the streets and even in war zones like Syria and Iraq. This article will examine one of this new movement’s main characteristics: the use of crusader symbolism as a source of inspiration, activism and even justification of violence as a religious duty in Europe and in the Middle East.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Exploring the Continuum of Lethality: Militant Islamists' Targeting
           Preferences in Europe

    • Authors: Cato Hemmingby
      Abstract: This article provides an in-depth analysis of the targeting preferences of militant Islamists operating in Western Europe. In addition to target types, this study has a particular focus on the degree of target discrimination, casualty focus, and soft versus hard target preferences. These features of intent constitute a warning triangle with regard to the lethality potential of terrorist acts. There is also a lone actor vs. group perspective included, as well as a comparative glance between the targeting preference of militant Islamists and actors from other ideological directions in Europe. The main findings are that a soft target focus is dominant and increasing, while particularly well-protected targets are almost totally avoided. There is a substantial mass casualty focus, but only few attacks lead to such results. Indiscriminate vs. discriminate targeting comes out evenly. The jihadists are more ambitious regarding targets in early planning stages, compared to later in the process. Furthermore, there are higher ambitions in launched attacks physically carried out by more than one perpetrator. Both lone actors and groups prefer soft targets, but individuals acting alone are more likely to act discriminately and with a limited casualty focus. Attacks directed against name-specific individuals are mostly a one-perpetrator phenomenon. Jihadists are generally conservative with regard to target preferences, attack approach and weaponry. There is no evidence supporting suggestions that there are modus operandi-related differences between AQ and ISIS-linked perpetrators. Shifts in trends seem rather to be influenced by practical and contextual factors.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • On and Off the Radar: Tactical and Strategic Responses to Screening Known
           Potential Terrorist Attackers

    • Authors: Thomas Quiggin
      Abstract: Islamist inspired terrorists have carried out attacks in Europe even when they had been “on the radar” of officials. But they dropped “off the radar” and then struck. This phenomenon was noted by Dr. Bob de Graaff in a January 2017 article in the Groene Amsterdammer. More attacks followed by individuals who had dropped “off the radar.” De Graaff’s article questioned whether authorities were doing something wrong and whether they miss opportunities during moments of contact. The Dutch National Police (Taskforce Vreemdelingen en Migratiecriminaliteit) responded and organized a two-day event on this subject. Based on the presentations and discussions at the conference, the author of this paper suggests that tactical front-line officials can exploit opportunities to improve assessments that disrupt attacks. In the future, however, the attack levels in Europe will likely increase if no strategic level response is forthcoming. Reciprocal radicalization will also increase. Terrorism is a tactic. Therefore counter-terrorism activities are - by definition - at the tactical level. To be effective at the tactical level, authorities need an understanding of the principal problem at the strategic and operational levels. By analogy, it is as if NATO had been trying to defend Europe while refusing to admit that the Soviet Union existed. The European nations need to understand their invasive strategic level Islamist ideology problem. Without change, the prudent policy now would be to condition the public to accept the deaths and injuries caused by future terrorist attacks.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Counterterrorism Bookshelf: 30 Books on Terrorism &
           Counter-Terrorism-Related Subjects

    • Authors: Joshua Sinai
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Bibliography: Terrorist Organizations: Cells, Networks, Affiliations,
           Splits

    • Authors: Judith Tinnes
      Abstract: This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on terrorist organizations – particularly cells, networks, affiliations, and splits. Though focusing on recent literature, the bibliography is not restricted to a particular time period and covers publications up to September 2017. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Bibliography: Life Cycles of Terrorism

    • Authors: Judith Tinnes
      Abstract: This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on life cycles of terrorism (i.e., the history, origin, evolution, decline, and end of terrorist organizations, movements, types, and individuals). Though focusing on recent literature, the bibliography is not restricted to a particular time period and covers publications up to September 2017. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Academic Theses (Ph.D. and MA) on Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Related
           Issues, written in English between 2013 and 2017

    • Authors: Ryan Scrivens
      Abstract: This bibliography contains doctoral dissertations (Ph.D.) and Master’s (MA) Theses on issues relating to terrorism and counter-terrorism. Titles were retrieved manually by browsing the Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD) database, using the search term ‘terrorism’. More than 1,400 entries were evaluated, of which 152 were ultimately selected for this list. All theses are open source. However, readers should observe possible copyright restrictions. The title entries are ‘clickable’, allowing access to full texts. Bibliographic entries are divided into the following sub-sections: Terrorism Actors, Groups, Incidents, and CampaignsCounter-Terrorism Strategies, Tactics, and OperationsCounter-Terrorism Policy, Legislation, Law, and ProsecutionTerrorism and the Media, Representations, and Public OpinionState Repression and Civil WarTerrorism and the InternetTerrorism and Gender
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Recent Online Resources for the Analysis of Terrorism and Related Subjects

    • Authors: Berto Jongman
      Abstract: Recent Online Resources for the Analysis of Terrorism and Related Subjects
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • About Perspectives on Terrorism

    • Authors: The Editors
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
       
  • Perspectives on Terrorism Volume 11, Issue 5

    • Authors: Various Authors
      Abstract: The complete issue of Perspectives on Terrorism Volume 11, Issue 5.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
       
 
 
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