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International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 14  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2304-1366
Published by IJMESS Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Dynamic Linkages between Mobile Money and Banks' Performance in Nigeria:
           An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Approach

    • Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between mobile money and Nigerian banks with the purpose of ascertaining if forward and backward causal linkages exist and the direction of causation between the two variables. This inquiry was motivated by the inherent challenges of a low level of awareness, enrolment and utilization of mobile money services in Nigeria despite the efforts of the government to replicate East Africa's success story in Nigeria. This study employed econometric techniques such as the modern autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model and Wald causality to respectively assess the relationship between the explained and explanatory variables and the direction of causality between mobile money and various banks' performance metrics using quarterly time series data between 2014 and 2018. The empirical results revealed that there is a causal relationship between mobile money and banks' performance indicators, such as profit before tax and total assets. On the premises of the empirical findings, the study concludes that mobile money has forward and backward linkages with banks. performance in Nigeria. This implies that Nigeria's mobile money market as presently constituted does provide attractive incentives for banks to leverage on in their quest to improve performance.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Sep 2020 10:56:40 UTC-
       
  • Does Public Spending Structure Affect the Efficiency of Spending'
           Evidence from a Panel Tobit Model for Chinese Provinces

    • Abstract: The general financial stress confronting Chinese local governments requires public spending to become more efficient. While previous work has attempted to study what determines the efficiency, the focus was put on various factors that were not under direct control by policymakers. This paper revisits the issue, controlling the factors commonly found to be significant in the literature, by evaluating the role of the spending structure which can be easily adjusted by policymakers. The paper focuses on the investment ratio, as public investment is known to be a key driver of the Chinese economy. Using data of 31 provinces between 2000 and 2017, we estimated a Tobit model, with the efficiency of public spending calculated by data envelopment analysis (DEA). The efficiency of public spending is partially determined by the structure of the spending; the former is an increasing function of the latter up to an optimal rate, which is estimated to be between 19-23 percent. As most local governments are over-investing according to this standard, future improvement of budget management would require policymakers to concentrate much more on non-investment projects, such as spending on benefits, education and healthcare - hence, the provision of public goods and services.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Sep 2020 10:45:25 UTC-
       
  • Institutional Quality, Financial Development and Inclusive Growth:
           Asymmetric Cointegration Approach

    • Abstract: The study examined the nexus between institutional quality, financial development and inclusive growth in Nigeria for the period 1984-2017. The study employed asymmetric cointegration approach to study the long-run relationship of institutional quality, financial development and inclusive growth in Nigeria. The results of the study showed that there is a long-run relationship between institutional quality, financial development and inclusive growth in Nigeria. It was also found that adjustments process to equilibrium for institutional quality, financial development and inclusive growth were asymmetric in Nigeria. The study therefore concludes that institutional quality and financial development are crucial variables that influence inclusive growth in Nigeria.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Sep 2020 10:25:18 UTC-
       
  • Mergers and Acquisitions: A Qualitative Study in the Medical Device Sector

    • Abstract: One of the key processes that business leaders are using to grow their organizations is mergers and acquisitions (M&A). As such, the M&As are considered as a critical process with considerable implications for the company's profitability and growth. Still, between 70 to 90 percent of the M&As deals fail to deliver the expected value to the acquirers. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore strategies that industry leaders used to conduct successful M&A processes. The conceptual framework of this study is based on Sarasvathy's effectuation theory. Eight face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants from a global healthcare company who acted as the company's presidents or executives and had experience conducting M&As. The data were coded, and themes were emerged using Microsoft Office and NVivo 10 software. Six themes were emerged through data analysis: leadership focus, value creation, integration strategy, the review process, relationship development, and organizational governance. The results of this study could be used to improve leadership strategies when conducting the process of M&A. The implications for positive social change might enhance the stability of the healthcare industry and the individuals who consume healthcare products. Also, this will bring to improved health outcomes, well-being, longevity, and quality of life.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Sep 2020 10:15:45 UTC-
       
  • Achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Does Government Expenditure
           Framework Matter'

    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of government expenditure framework in tracking social, economic, and environmental sustainable development goals (SDGs) in Nigeria. Using quarterly data (Q1:2000-Q4:2018), the study applied vector autoregression, variance decomposition, and impulse response estimation techniques. The estimates indicated a long-run association between government expenditure and SDGs indicators, with mixed impacts. In the short-run, government expenditure reduced poverty, while in the long-run it amplified poverty; government expenditure hurt SDG of rapid economic growth in the long-run, but promoted SDG of quality education in both short-run and long-run, through improvement in school enrolment. Furthermore, government spending amplified health-related SDGs in the long-run. Finally, government spending was found to adversely affect environmental sustainability through rising CO2 emission. From the empirical evidence, the study concluded that the public sector lacks the capacity to attain SDGs from environmental, growth, and poverty alleviation perspectives. The study contradicted the institutional and Wagner's theories but validated Hardin's tragedy of the commons. It proposes an effective public/private partnership, to improve spending outcomes, as the inevitable strategic action, if the attainment of the SDGs is to become a reality in Nigeria.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Sep 2020 10:10:12 UTC-
       
 
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