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Journal Cover Journal of the Medical Library Association
  [SJR: 0.726]   [H-I: 43]   [227 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1536-5050 - ISSN (Online) 1558-9439
   Published by Medical Library Association  [1 journal]
  • 117th Annual Meeting, Medical Library Association, Inc., Seattle, WA, May
           26–31, 2017

    • Authors: Nicole Mitchell
      Pages: 1 - 28
      Abstract: The Medical Library Association (MLA) held its 117th annual meeting in Seattle, Washington, May 26–31, 2017, at the Washington State Convention Center. The meeting theme was “Dream, Dare, Do.”
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.421
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Assessment of knowledge and skills in information literacy instruction for
           rehabilitation sciences students: a scoping review

    • Authors: Jill T. Boruff, Pamela Harrison
      Pages: 15 - 37
      Abstract: Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts.Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. A systematic search strategy was run in Ovid MEDLINE and adapted for CINAHL; EMBASE; Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) (EBSCO); Library and Information Science s (LISA); Library, Information Science & Technology s (LISTA); and Proquest Theses and Dissertations from 1990 to January 16, 2017. Forty articles were included for data extraction.Results: Three major themes emerged: types of measures used, type and context of librarian involvement, and skills and outcomes described. Thirty-four measures of attitude and thirty-seven measures of performance were identified. Course products were the most commonly used type of performance measure. Librarians were involved in almost half the studies, most frequently as instructor, but also as author or assessor. Information literacy skills such as question formulation and database searching were described in studies that did not involve a librarian.Conclusion: Librarians involved in instructional assessment can use rubrics such as the Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education (VALUE) when grading assignments to improve the measurement of knowledge and skills in course-integrated IL instruction. The adapted Fresno test could be modified to better suit the real-life application of IL knowledge and skills.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.227
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Computerized versus hand-scored health literacy tools: a comparison of
           Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) and Flesch-Kincaid in printed
           patient education materials

    • Authors: Kelsey Leonard Grabeel, Jennifer Russomanno, Sandy Oelschlegel, Emily Tester, Robert Eric Heidel
      Pages: 38 - 45
      Abstract: Objective: The research compared and contrasted hand-scoring and computerized methods of evaluating the grade level of patient education materials that are distributed at an academic medical center in east Tennessee and sought to determine if these materials adhered to the American Medical Association’s (AMA’s) recommended reading level of sixth grade.Methods: Librarians at an academic medical center located in the heart of Appalachian Tennessee initiated the assessment of 150 of the most used printed patient education materials. Based on the Flesch-Kincaid (F-K) scoring rubric, 2 of the 150 documents were excluded from statistical comparisons due to the absence of text (images only). Researchers assessed the remaining 148 documents using the hand-scored Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) method and the computerized F-K grade level method. For SMOG, 3 independent reviewers hand-scored each of the 150 documents. For F-K, documents were analyzed using Microsoft Word. Reading grade levels scores were entered into a database for statistical analysis. Inter-rater reliability was calculated using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). Paired t-tests were used to compare readability means.Results: Acceptable inter-rater reliability was found for SMOG (ICC=0.95). For the 148 documents assessed, SMOG produced a significantly higher mean reading grade level (M=9.6, SD=1.3) than F-K (M=6.5, SD=1.3; p<0.001). Additionally, when using the SMOG method of assessment, 147 of the 148 documents (99.3%) scored above the AMA’s recommended reading level of sixth grade.Conclusions: Computerized health literacy assessment tools, used by many national patient education material providers, might not be representative of the actual reading grade levels of patient education materials. This is problematic in regions like Appalachia because materials may not be comprehensible to the area’s low-literacy patients. Medical librarians have the potential to advance their role in patient education to better serve their patient populations.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.262
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Publication outcome of abstracts submitted to the American Academy of
           Ophthalmology meeting

    • Authors: Michael Mimouni, Mark Krauthammer, Hamza Abualhasan, Hanan Badarni, Kamal Imtanis, Gilad Allon, Liron Berkovitz, Eytan Z. Blumenthal, Francis B. Mimouni, Gil Amarilyo
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: Objective: s submitted to meetings are subject to less rigorous peer review than full-text manuscripts. This study aimed to explore the publication outcome of abstracts presented at the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) annual meeting.Methods: s presented at the 2008 AAO meeting were analyzed. Each presented abstract was sought via PubMed to identify if it had been published as a full-text manuscript. The publication outcome, journal impact factor (IF), and time to publication were recorded.Results: A total of 690 abstracts were reviewed, of which 39.1% were subsequently published. They were published in journals with a median IF of 2.9 (range 0–7.2) and a median publication time of 426 days (range 0–2,133 days). A quarter were published in the journal Ophthalmology, with a shorter time to publication (median 282 vs. 534 days, p=0.003). Oral presentations were more likely to be published than poster presentations (57.8% vs. 35.9%, p<0.001) and in journals with higher IFs (3.2 vs. 2.8, p=0.02). s describing rare diseases had higher publication rates (49.4% vs. 38.0%, p=0.04) and were published in higher IF journals (3.7 vs. 2.9, p=0.03), within a shorter period of time (358 vs. 428 days, p=0.03). In multivariate analysis, affiliation with an institute located in the United States (p=0.002), abstracts describing rare diseases (p=0.03), and funded studies (p=0.03) were associated with publication in higher IF journals.Conclusions: Almost 40% of abstracts were published. Factors that correlated with publication in journals with higher IF were a focus on rare diseases, affiliation with a US institute, and funding.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.314
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Dietetic interns’ perceptions and use of evidence-based practice: an
           exploratory study

    • Authors: Rachel J. Hinrichs
      Pages: 65 - 73
      Abstract: Objective: This study explored dietetic interns’ perceptions and knowledge of evidence-based practice (EBP), their use and observation of EBP principles during their clinical rotations, and their intentions to use EBP in their careers.Methods: A mixed methods design combining a survey and focus group was employed. Dietetic interns (n=16) from a large Midwestern university were recruited in person and via email to participate in the survey, focus group, or both. Perceptions and experiences of EBP were analyzed through the focus group (qualitative), and EBP knowledge and clinical practice behaviors were analyzed through the survey (quantitative). The focus group discussion was recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis.Results: Four major themes emerged from the focus group data: (1) observations of EBP in clinical practice, (2) use of EBP during clinical rotations, (3) barriers to EBP, and (4) perceived use of EBP as future registered dietitians. Interns considered EBP important for their profession and future careers. They struggled, however, with the discrepancies between current research and practice, and highlighted differences that they observed and barriers that they experienced across different clinical settings.Conclusions: This exploratory study is the first to examine dietetic interns’ perceptions of and experiences with EBP in the clinical setting. Future research is needed to identify how dietetics educators, librarians, and preceptors can address the barriers that interns perceive in applying EBP in their internships.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.308
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Satellite stories: capturing professional experiences of academic health
           sciences librarians working in delocalized health sciences programs

    • Authors: Jackie Phinney, Amanda Rose Horsman
      Pages: 74 - 80
      Abstract: Objective: Health sciences training programs have progressively expanded onto satellite campuses, allowing students the opportunity to learn in communities away from an academic institution’s main campus. This expansion has encouraged a new role for librarians to assume, in that a subset of health sciences librarians identify as “satellite librarians” who are permanently located at a distance from the main campus. Due to the unique nature of this role and lack of existing data on the topic, the authors investigated the experiences and perceptions of this unique group of information professionals.Methods: An electronic survey was distributed to health sciences librarians via two prominent North American email discussion lists. Questions addressed the librarians’ demographics, feelings of social inclusion, technological support, autonomy, professional support, and more.Results: Eighteen surveys were analyzed. While several respondents stated that they had positive working relationships with colleagues, many cited issues with technology, scheduling, and lack of consideration as barriers to feeling socially included at both the parent and local campuses. Social inclusion, policy creation, and collection management issues were subject to their unique situations and their colleagues’ perceptions of their roles as satellite librarians.Conclusions: The results from this survey suggest that the role of the academic health sciences librarian at the satellite campus needs to be clearly communicated and defined. This, in turn, will enhance the experience for the librarian and provide better service to the client.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.214
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Discrepancies among Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed coverage of funding
           information in medical journal articles

    • Authors: Peter Kokol, Helena Blažun Vošner
      Pages: 81 - 86
      Abstract: Objective: The overall aim of the present study was to compare the coverage of existing research funding information for articles indexed in Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed databases.Methods: The numbers of articles with funding information published in 2015 were identified in the three selected databases and compared using bibliometric analysis of a sample of twenty-eight prestigious medical journals.Results: Frequency analysis of the number of articles with funding information showed statistically significant differences between Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed databases. The largest proportion of articles with funding information was found in Web of Science (29.0%), followed by PubMed (14.6%) and Scopus (7.7%).Conclusion: The results show that coverage of funding information differs significantly among Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed databases in a sample of the same medical journals. Moreover, we found that, currently, funding data in PubMed is more difficult to obtain and analyze compared with that in the other two databases.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.181
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Understanding cancer survivors’ information needs and
           information-seeking behaviors for complementary and alternative medicine
           from short- to long-term survival: a mixed-methods study

    • Authors: Lou Ann Scarton, Guilherme Del Fiol, Ingrid Oakley-Girvan, Bryan Gibson, Robert Logan, T Elizabeth Workman
      Pages: 87 - 97
      Abstract: Objective: The research examined complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) information-seeking behaviors and preferences from short- to long-term cancer survival, including goals, motivations, and information sources.Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used with cancer survivors from the “Assessment of Patients’ Experience with Cancer Care” 2004 cohort. Data collection included a mail survey and phone interviews using the critical incident technique (CIT).Results: Seventy survivors from the 2004 study responded to the survey, and eight participated in the CIT interviews. Quantitative results showed that CAM usage did not change significantly between 2004 and 2015. The following themes emerged from the CIT: families’ and friends’ provision of the initial introduction to a CAM, use of CAM to manage the emotional and psychological impact of cancer, utilization of trained CAM practitioners, and online resources as a prominent source for CAM information. The majority of participants expressed an interest in an online information-sharing portal for CAM.Conclusion: Patients continue to use CAM well into long-term cancer survivorship. Finding trustworthy sources for information on CAM presents many challenges such as reliability of source, conflicting information on efficacy, and unknown interactions with conventional medications. Study participants expressed interest in an online portal to meet these needs through patient testimonials and linkage of claims to the scientific literature. Such a portal could also aid medical librarians and clinicians in locating and evaluating CAM information on behalf of patients.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.200
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Library instruction in medical education: a survey of current practices in
           the United States and Canada

    • Authors: Amanda M. Nevius, A’Llyn Ettien, Alissa P. Link, Laura Y. Sobel
      Pages: 98 - 107
      Abstract: Objective: The most recent survey on instruction practices in libraries affiliated with accredited medical institutions in the United States was conducted in 1996. The present study sought to update these data, while expanding to include Canadian libraries. Additional analysis was undertaken to test for statistically significant differences between library instruction in the United States and Canada and between libraries affiliated with highly ranked and unranked institutions.Methods: A twenty-eight-question survey was distributed to libraries affiliated with accredited US and Canadian medical schools to assess what and how often librarians teach, as well as how librarians are involved in the curriculum committee and if they are satisfied with their contact with students and faculty. Quantitative data were analyzed with SAS, R, and MedCalc.Results: Most of the seventy-three responding libraries provided instruction, both asynchronously and synchronously. Library instruction was most likely to be offered in two years of medical school, with year one seeing the most activity. Database use was the most frequently taught topic, and libraries reported a median of five librarians providing instruction, with larger staffs offering slightly more education sessions per year. Libraries associated with highly ranked schools were slightly more likely to offer sessions that were integrated into the medical school curriculum in year four and to offer sessions in more years overall.Conclusions: In US and Canadian libraries, regardless of the rank of the affiliated medical school, librarians’ provision of instruction in multiple formats on multiple topics is increasingly common.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.374
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Applying an information literacy rubric to first-year health sciences
           student research posters

    • Authors: Xan Goodman, John Watts, Rogelio Arenas, Rachelle Weigel, Tony Terrell
      Pages: 108 - 112
      Abstract: Objective: This article describes the collection and analysis of annotated bibliographies created by first-year health sciences students to support their final poster projects. The authors examined the students’ abilities to select relevant and authoritative sources, summarize the content of those sources, and correctly cite those sources.Methods: We collected images of 1,253 posters, of which 120 were sampled for analysis, and scored the posters using a 4-point rubric to evaluate students’ information literacy skills.Results: We found that 52% of students were proficient at selecting relevant sources that directly contributed to the theme, topic, or debate presented in their final poster projects, and 64% of students did well with selecting authoritative peer-reviewed scholarly sources related to their topic. However, 45% of students showed difficulty in correctly applying American Psychological Association (APA) citation style.Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate a need for instructors and librarians to provide strategies for reading and comprehending scholarly articles in addition to properly using APA citation style.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.400
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Building capacity to encourage research reproducibility and

    • Authors: Melissa L. Rethlefsen, Mellanye J. Lackey, Shirley Zhao
      Pages: 113 - 119
      Abstract: Background: Research into study replication and reporting has led to wide concern about a reproducibility crisis. Reproducibility is coming to the attention of major grant funders, including the National Institutes of Health, which launched new grant application instructions regarding rigor and reproducibility in 2015.Study Purpose: In this case study, the authors present one library’s work to help increase awareness of reproducibility and to build capacity for our institution to improve reproducibility of ongoing and future research.Case Presentation: Library faculty partnered with campus research leaders to create a daylong conference on research reproducibility, followed by a post-conference day with workshops and an additional seminar. Attendees came from nearly all schools and colleges on campus, as well as from other institutions, nationally and internationally. Feedback on the conference was positive, leading to efforts to sustain the momentum achieved at the conference. New networking and educational opportunities are in development.Discussion: Libraries are uniquely positioned to lead educational and capacity-building efforts on campus around research reproducibility. Costs are high and partnerships are required, but such efforts can lead to positive change institution-wide.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.273
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • A new hat for librarians: providing REDCap support to establish the
           library as a central data hub

    • Authors: Kevin Read, Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla
      Pages: 120 - 126
      Abstract: Background: REDCap, an electronic data capture tool, supports good research data management, but many researchers lack familiarity with the tool. While a REDCap administrator provided technical support and a clinical data management support unit provided study design support, a service gap existed.Case Presentation: Librarians with REDCap expertise sought to increase and improve usage through outreach, workshops, and consultations. In collaboration with a REDCap administrator and the director of the clinical data management support unit, the role of the library was established in providing REDCap training and consultations. REDCap trainings were offered to the medical center during the library’s quarterly data series, which served as a springboard for offering tailored REDCap support to researchers and research groups.Conclusions: Providing REDCap support has proved to be an effective way to associate the library with data-related activities in an academic medical center and identify new opportunities for offering data services in the library. By offering REDCap services, the library established strong partnerships with the Information Technology Department, Clinical Data Support Department, and Compliance Office by filling in training gaps, while simultaneously referring users back to these departments when additional expertise was required. These new partnerships continue to grow and serve to position the library as a central data hub in the institution.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.327
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • The case for consistent use of medical eponyms by eliminating possessive

    • Authors: Kwabena Ayesu, Brenda Nguyen, Stephanie Harris, Steve Carlan
      Pages: 127 - 129
      Abstract: The objective of this commentary is to highlight the pervasive usage of both forms of medical eponyms in medical literature amongst prestigious medical journals indexed in the PubMed database. This use of eponyms poses a source of confusion in literature searching as well as a lack of consistency in medical education. The adoption of consistent non-possessive forms should be encouraged by editors, reviewers, and publishers.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.284
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Building a body of knowledge: sickle cell and libraries

    • Authors: Richard H. Nollan
      Pages: 130 - 132
      Abstract: Lemuel Whitley Diggs spent his career seeking a cure for sickle cell anemia. As with many successful researchers, his work was informed by the publications that he found in the medical library. This article describes Diggs’s relationship to the library as an integral part of his research methodology.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.364
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Being Evidence Based in Library and Information Practice

    • Authors: Claire B. Joseph
      Pages: 133 - 134
      Abstract: In this work, Koufogiannakis and Brettle bring together “recent theory, research and case studies from practice environments across the broad field of librarianship to illustrate how librarians can incorporate the principles of evidence-based library and information practice (EBLIP) into their work”
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.348
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Data Visualization: A Guide to Visual Storytelling for Libraries

    • Authors: Nathalie Reid
      First page: 135
      Abstract: A compilation of twelve chapters, Data Visualization: A Guide for Visual Storytelling for Libraries provides an introduction for librarians on how they can effectively communicate through visualizing how their collections and services are being used.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.346
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Expert Searching in the Google Age

    • Authors: Carolyn G. Biglow
      First page: 136
      Abstract: This book is an excellent resource for health sciences librarians, whether they are experienced searchers or new librarians.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.347
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Translating Expertise: The Librarian’s Role in Translational

    • Authors: Elizabeth Connor; AHIP
      First page: 137
      Abstract: This volume includes case studies from librarians and other professional staff who are affiliated with CTSA consortium institutions and provides a wealth of first-hand information about supporting team science through collection development, instruction, data management, and collaborative partnerships.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.349
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Apple Configurator 2 (version 2.3)

    • Authors: Lara Lasner-Frater
      Pages: 138 - 139
      Abstract: Apple Configurator 2 (AC2) is a free mass-deployment utility that allows you to update multiple iPads, iPhones, iPod Touch devices, and Apple TVs at the same time, including apps, website links, iBooks, and software updates.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.325
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • MalaCards: The Human Disease Database

    • Authors: Sue Espe
      Pages: 140 - 141
      Abstract: MalaCards: The Human Disease Database is a robust database designed to enable genomic and genetic researchers, investigators, and scholars to efficiently navigate the universe of human genes, genetic variants, proteins, cells, and biological pathways related to various human diseases.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.253
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap)

    • Authors: Emily F. Patridge, Tania P. Bardyn
      Pages: 142 - 144
      Abstract: Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) is a web-based application developed by Vanderbilt University to capture data for clinical research and create databases and projects.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.319
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Semantic Scholar

    • Authors: Suzanne Fricke
      Pages: 145 - 147
      Abstract: Founded by the nonprofit Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence (AI2), Semantic Scholar began as a search engine for computer science, geoscience, and neuroscience in 2015.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.280
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Slack

    • Authors: Heather A Johnson
      Pages: 148 - 151
      Abstract: Slack is a cloud-based digital workspace and information management system used to manage productivity and improve team efficiency
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2018.315
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Correction to “Advancing the Conversation: Next Steps for Lesbian, Gay,
           Bisexual, Trans, and Queer (LGBTQ) Health Sciences Librarianship” on
           105(4) October, page 325. DOI:

    • Authors: Katherine G. Akers
      First page: 152
      Abstract: Corrects author name in reference #11 of “Advancing the Conversation: Next Steps For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Queer (LGBTQ) Health Sciences Librarianship” on 105(4) October, page 325.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
  • Correction to “Trend Analysis of Journal Metrics: A New Academic Library
           Service'” on 105(3) July, page 242. DOI:

    • Authors: Katherine G. Akers
      First page: 153
      Abstract: Corrects Figure 3 of “Trend Analysis of Journal Metrics: A New Academic Library Service'” on 105(3) July, page 242.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      Issue No: Vol. 106, No. 1 (2018)
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