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Journal of Criminal Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.268
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 120  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2009-3829
Published by Emerald Homepage  [341 journals]
  • Identifying vulnerability to violence: the role of psychopathy and gender
    • Pages: 125 - 137
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 8, Issue 2, Page 125-137, May 2018.
      Purpose Recent research has suggested that a heightened sensitivity to nonverbal cues may give individuals with psychopathic traits an advantage when selecting potential victims. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of gender on the association between psychopathy and perceptions of vulnerability to violent victimization. Design/methodology/approach A sample of 291 undergraduate students viewed a series of eight videos depicting individual female targets walking down a hallway from behind. Participants rated each target’s vulnerability to violent victimization and provided a justification for each rating. In addition to these ratings, participants completed the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale. Findings A series of hierarchical linear regressions revealed gender differences in the association between psychopathy and accuracy. Among male observers, total psychopathy scores, Factor 2 psychopathy scores, and scores on the antisocial behavior facet were positively associated with accuracy in perceiving vulnerability to violent victimization. Conversely, no associations were identified between psychopathy (total, Factors, and facets) and accuracy among female observers. This suggests that the adept ability to accurately perceive nonverbal cues signalling vulnerability is specific to males exhibiting psychopathic traits. Originality/value The results of the current study highlight the importance of distinguishing male and female psychopathy in research and practice. Moreover, with an understanding of individual differences in the ability to accurately perceive nonverbal cues associated with vulnerability, we may begin to develop intervention strategies aimed at reducing future incidences of victimization.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2018-01-11T08:08:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-06-2017-0029
  • The use of the mental health treatment requirement (MHTR): clinical
           outcomes at one year of a collaboration
    • Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose In the UK, the mental health treatment requirement (MHTR) order for offenders on probation has been underused. A MHTR service was established to assess the effectiveness of a partnership between a probation service, a link worker charity and an independent mental healthcare provider. Short-term structured cognitive behavioural interventions were delivered by psychology graduates with relevant work experience and training. Training for the judiciary on the MHTR and the new service led to a significant increase in the use of MHTR orders. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach A total of 56 (of 76 MHTR offenders) completed treatment in the first 12 months. A single cohort pre-post follow-up design was used to evaluate change in the following domains: mental health and wellbeing; coping skills; social adjustment; and criminal justice outcomes. Mental health treatment interventions were delivered under supervision by two psychology graduates who had relevant work experience and who were trained in short term, structured, cognitive behavioural (CBT) interventions. Findings Clinically significant changes were obtained on measures of anxiety and depression, and on measures of social problem solving, emotional regulation and self-efficacy. Ratings of work and social adjustment and pre-post ratings of dynamic criminogenic risk factors also improved. This new initiative has addressed the moral argument for equality of access to mental health services for offenders given a community order. Originality/value While the current initiative represents one of a number of models designed to increase the collaboration between the criminal justice and the mental health systems, this is the first within the UK to deliver a therapeutic response at the point of sentencing for offenders with mental health problems. The significant increase in the provision of MHTR community orders in the first year of the project has been associated with a decrease in the number of psychiatric reports requested that are time consuming and do not lead to a rapid treatment.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2018-07-06T08:21:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-01-2018-0003
  • Stepping stones to sexual murder: the role of developmental factors in the
           etiology of sexual homicide
    • Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of a variety of developmental factors on sexual homicide offenders (SHOs), while taking into account other components of sexual homicide theoretical models. Design/methodology/approach A series of logistic regression models are performed using a total of 616 incarcerated adult male sexual offenders from Canada to distinguish between three groups of sexual offenders, SHOs, violent non-homicidal sex offenders (NHSOs) and NHSOs. Findings Results indicate that contrary to theoretical models, experiences of victimization are not central to the development of SHOs. Instead, it is the adoption of various problematic behaviors in childhood that appear as most important in the etiology of this particular type of sexual crime. This suggests that the various existing theoretical models of sexual homicide need to be revised and/or tested with additional empirical data. Originality/value This is the first study to look at developmental factors using two control groups of NHSOs and violent NHSOs.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2018-07-02T10:54:29Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-02-2018-0010
  • Poisoning expertise and outcomes in malicious contamination incidents
    • Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose It is often assumed that poisoners and product tamperers are likely to share an interest in or knowledge of poisonous substances. The purpose of this paper is to determine whether perpetrators with existing poison knowledge will choose different contaminating agents than non-experts, as well as whether there is a link between poison expertise and outcomes in malicious contamination cases. Based on their expertise, it is expected that those perpetrators with some form of existing poison knowledge would select more concerning and difficult to obtain agents, and that attacks committed by experts would result in more harm than attacks by non-experts. Design/methodology/approach A content analysis was conducted on qualitative descriptions of malicious contamination events, with relevant behavioural variables identified as being present or absent for each individual case. Differences between experts and non-experts in agent choice and incident outcome were then explored using descriptive statistics, contingency tables and Mann-Whitney U tests. Findings Agent choice was found to differ between experts and non-experts, with different agents chosen depending on whether the event was a threat or a genuine contamination incident. However, attacks by poison experts were found to be no more deadly than attacks perpetrated by non-experts. Originality/value This research provides the first known analysis comparing agent choice and outcomes in malicious contamination incidents as a factor of perpetrator knowledge. Investigative applications are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2018-06-22T11:57:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-02-2018-0008
  • The impact of a brief structured intervention on young offenders masculine
           identity: a mixed methods study
    • Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose Masculinity in young men can be considered a dynamic risk factor. However, there is a lack of interventions designed to support men and young men to explore the ways in which the concept of masculinity contributes to shaping their individual identity. The purpose of this paper is to explore young offenders’ perceptions of a programme designed to address masculinity and criminogenic attitudes and evaluate whether the programme contributed to any personal change/development and what core learning they took from the course. Design/methodology/approach The research utilised a mixed-methods approach to address aims and objectives. Findings The quantitative results found that there was a pre-/post-course reduction in toughness and increase in self-esteem and risk-taking perceptions. The qualitative results identified four superordinate themes reconstruing masculine self-realisation awareness and reflection group dynamics and course relationships and unintended consequences. The course-assisted participants in helping to reconstrue aspects of being a man made them think about the future and allowed for participants to consider their possible and desired selves. Research limitations/implications The research has policy and practice implications for brief interventions targeted at young offenders. Originality/value The research evaluates a novel intervention aimed at addressing young offenders masculine beliefs and identities. The research has implications for working with this client group.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2018-06-22T11:47:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-11-2017-0042
  • Performance-verbal discrepancies and facets of psychopathy: assessing the
           relationship between WAIS–R/III summary IQs/index scores and PCL–R
           facet scores
    • Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between differences in performance and verbal intelligence quotients (PIQ and VIQ) and the four facet scores from the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL–R) (Hare, 2003). Design/methodology/approach Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and PCL–R facet scores provided by 181 male federal inmates as part of a forensic evaluation were analyzed with multiple regression, paired t-tests, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Findings Of the four PCL–R facet scores, only elevations on Facet 4 (antisocial) produced a significant WAIS-Revised (Wechsler, 1981) PIQ over VIQ (PIQ>VIQ) effect. In addition, only Facet 4 achieved significant ROC accuracy and correlated with the PIQ>VIQ discrepancy after other potentially important variables were controlled. In a follow-up study of 46 male inmates, Facet 4 correlated negatively with the Verbal Comprehension and Working Memory indices of the WAIS–Third Edition (Wechsler, 1997) and accurately classified a significant portion of Perceptual Organization Index (POI)>WMI cases but not a significant portion of POI>VCI cases. Practical implications Verbal comprehension and executive function deficits are examined as possible explanations for the relationships observed in this study. Originality/value These results have potentially important implications for forensic assessment in that they suggest that only certain specific features of the psychopathy construct are related to the well-known PIQ>VIQ discrepancy.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2018-06-12T09:09:29Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-12-2017-0045
  • Dual harm: an exploration of the presence and characteristics for dual
           violence and self-harm behaviour in prison
    • Pages: 97 - 111
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 8, Issue 2, Page 97-111, May 2018.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to quantify the characteristics of dual-harm behaviour in prison in comparison with sole self-harm or assault behaviour in prison, with an analysis of the distinguishing features. Design/methodology/approach Official data on in-prison incidents, demographic and offending information were analysed for 326 prisoners in two prisons in England. Findings Proportions of up to 42 per cent of offenders who assault others in prison will also engage in self-harm and vice versa. Dual-harm prisoners will engage in a broader and greater frequency of prison incidents than either sole group; with dual-harm prisoners reflecting greater proportions of damage to property and fire-setting. There were no differences in their time in prison or presence of serious violent current conviction, however, an index offence of drug supply was less likely in the dual-harm group, with minor violence slightly more likely in longer sentence prisoners. There was no difference for the dual-harm prisoners whether the first incident was self-harm or violence, with mean duration from sole to dual harm of less than three months. Practical implications In-prison behaviour can assist in the identification of prisoners at dual risk of harm. Greater inclusion of in-prison behaviour and awareness of dual harm in research methodologies may assist in improving risk management. A wider use of joint risk assessment and single case management approach is suggested for prisoners with dual-harm profile. Originality/value This is the first study on dual-harm behaviour in UK prisons and to evaluate their wider prison behaviour and offending characteristics.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2017-10-19T12:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-03-2017-0017
  • Psychopathic costs: a monetization study of the fiscal toll of psychopathy
           features among institutionalized delinquents
    • Pages: 112 - 124
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 8, Issue 2, Page 112-124, May 2018.
      Purpose That psychopathy imposes substantial societal costs and economic burden is axiomatic, but monetization studies have overlooked cost estimates of the disorder. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach Drawing on a near census of institutionalized delinquents from Missouri, the current study devised new crime cost measures for self-reported offending. Findings Youth imposed $30 million in total costs annually in large part due to extensive involvement in robbery, theft, and assault. The most criminally active youth imposed costs in excess of $700 million. Psychopathy features were differentially correlated with crime costs. APSD-SR callous-unemotional traits, mPPI-SF Blame Externalization, mPPI-SF Machiavellian Egocentricity, and mPPI-SF Social Potency were significantly associated with between four and five crime costs. Psychopathic traits associated with ruthless self-interest, callousness, and expectations to control and dominate others manifest in diverse ways including serious violence and repeated property crime. Other features such as mPPI-SF Impulsive Nonconformity, mPPI-SF Stress Immunity, mPPI-SF Coldheartedness, mPPI-SF Carefree Nonplanfulness, mPPI-SF Fearlessness, APSD-SR Impulsivity, and APSD-SR Narcissism had limited associations with crime costs. Originality/value To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first monetization study to quantify the effects of assorted psychopathy features on crime costs.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2017-12-18T10:41:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-07-2017-0031
  • Parental influences on youth delinquency
    • Pages: 138 - 149
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 8, Issue 2, Page 138-149, May 2018.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader about the currently employed theories, research, and interventions in developmental criminology, with a particular emphasis on parental influences. Design/methodology/approach As well as evoking the classical theories and relevant research in psychology and developmental criminology fields, some of the significant recent contributions are also evaluated to reveal how parenting is linked to youngsters’ delinquency in the extant literature. Findings While parental factors do not directly affect delinquency of children and adolescents, it is an effectual mediator. Research limitations Not a systematic (statistical) review, rather a hermeneutic one with righteous justifications. Practical implications Evidence-based suggestions, regarding the allocation of time and resources for the modification of implicated parenting factors in planning preventative and interventional programs, are made. Originality/value This review is an up-to-date instructional source that presents the major developmental criminology theories including the recent ones.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2017-10-16T02:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-03-2017-0018
  • Risk assessment of online child abuse material (CAM) offenders: a review
           of existing tools
    • Pages: 150 - 161
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 8, Issue 2, Page 150-161, May 2018.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to summarise the available risk and assessment tools for child abuse material (CAM) offenders. Noting the rise of internet-based offences surrounding CAM, it has been proposed that there may be substantial differences between internet only (IO) offenders, contact only and mixed profile sexual offenders. Design/methodology/approach Through online searches, risk assessment tools for sexual offenders were identified. Scoring manuals were consulted for applicability to IO offenders. Findings Nine risk assessment tools for sexual offenders were included. Risk assessment tools for sexual offenders use cautionary language regarding the application of sexual offence risk assessment tools to IO offenders. An additional five tools were identified specifically addressing IO offenders. Three of these tools address risk assessment and two assess cognitions and behaviours. Research limitations/implications Limitations include the identification of static and dynamic risk factors and the application of structured professional judgement. Practical implications By drawing together existing tools and recommendations for use with the IO offender population, a gap is identified for CAM specific risk assessment tools. Originality/value Appropriate risk assessment, case planning and treatment will contribute to the appropriate management and treatment of the IO offender population.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2017-12-12T03:43:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-05-2017-0022
  • Revenge pornography: the influence of perpetrator-victim sex, observer sex
           and observer sexting experience on perceptions of seriousness and
    • Pages: 162 - 172
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 8, Issue 2, Page 162-172, May 2018.
      Purpose Drawing on gender-role stereotypes and defensive attribution theory, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of perpetrator-victim sex, observer sex and observer sexting experience on perceptions of seriousness and responsibility in the context of revenge pornography. Design/methodology/approach In total, 239 university students read one of two versions of a hypothetical scenario, responded to items concerning their perceptions of the situation described, and responded to items concerning their sexting experience. Findings Men were more likely to believe the situation was serious when it involved a male perpetrator and a female victim rather than vice versa. However, perpetrator-victim sex did not influence women’s perceptions. Participants without sexting experience were more likely than participants with sexting experience to believe the situation was serious, and to hold the victim responsible. Originality/value Whilst there is a growing body of literature regarding revenge pornography from a legal perspective, there is little research on perceptions of revenge pornography situations. As the use of intimate images in relationships continues to rise, it is important to understand people’s attitudes and the extra-legal factors that shape them.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2017-10-16T02:08:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-05-2017-0024
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