Journal Cover Library Trends
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   ISSN (Print) 0024-2594 - ISSN (Online) 1559-0682
   Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [294 journals]
  • Is Contemporary Readers' Advisory Populist': Taste Elevation and
           Ideological Tension in the Genreflecting Series
    • Abstract: Betty Rosenberg's (1982, p. 5) famous First Law of Reading is to "never apologize for your reading tastes," and it is printed somewhere in each of the seven editions of the flagship Genreflecting series. Initially authored by Rosenberg, who was a librarian and UCLA lecturer, Genreflecting helped spark a Readers' Advisory (RA) revival (Dali, 2010, p. 214; Ross, 2009, p. 634). Each subsequent edition in the Genreflecting series endorsed Rosenberg's First Law, reinforcing its status as a central political imperative of the new RA and positioning the contemporary service in stark contrast with its earlier instantiation.The beginning of RA as a distinct library service is usually dated to the 1920s (Crowley, 2005; ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Intermediation of Community and Infrastructure
    • Abstract: Information activities depend on the arrangements of communities and infrastructure. These two concepts, community and infrastructure, are at the heart of social challenges associated with the increasing ubiquity of digital technology and digital information throughout our lives. As Weick (2016, p. 333) explains in another context: "We're learning how to talk about distributed interdependence and how to hold it together." In our respective doctoral projects undertaken at the School of Information Sciences of the University of Illinois, we investigated the distributed interdependence of infrastructures and communities in the arenas of data work by field scientists and digital learning among older Americans. We are ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Introduction
    • Abstract: It is a sad fact that far fewer people survive to celebrate a platinum wedding anniversary (seventy years) than they do a diamond anniversary (sixty years). No doubt that is the main reason why the former is much less well-known than the latter. Thankfully, the marriage of the doctoral program in library and information science to what is now the School of Information Sciences at the University of Illinois has lasted long enough to achieve platinum status—due to the longevity of both parties, as well as their compatibility.1 Of course, to wait to celebrate the marriage at the three-quarters-of-a-century mark might have proved even more impactful, but then the opportunity would have been lost to use the platinum ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The We Need Diverse Books Campaign and Critical Race Theory: Charlemae
           Rollins and the Call for Diverse Children's Books
    • Abstract: The We Need Diverse Books (WNDB) campaign, started in 2014, is a growing movement to publish children's and young adult books by and about diverse people in the United States. Critical race theory (CRT) is a model by cross-disciplinary activists that challenges the white-normative power structure present in our society. The purpose of this paper is to explore the connections between CRT and current and past activism for diverse books. By examining a current and dynamic example like WNDB through a CRT lens, this study aims to assist the campaign in maintaining its current momentum. A call to action is embedded in CRT and WNDB, and it is with this shared determination that the paper seeks to help the cause and ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Thematic Research Collections: Libraries and the Evolution of Alternative
           Digital Publishing in the Humanities
    • Abstract: Thematic research collections are an evolving genre of digital scholarly production in the humanities. They are, at root, collections of primary sources gathered by scholarly effort and made available online to support research on a particular theme (Palmer, 2004). There are hundreds of such collections in various stages of development on the internet, usually made available through digital humanities centers. Exemplars range from well-known digital archives, such as the William Blake Archive, to small collections of historical or literary evidence within a thematic niche, such as Nineteenth-Century Disability: Cultures and Contexts.Despite widespread acknowledgment of digital collections as significant scholarly ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Mapping Race and Racism in U.S. Library History Literature,
           1997–2015
    • Abstract: This paper examines U.S. library history literature from 1997 to 2015 in order to map the current research around race, ethnicity, and racism in library history literature. Seventeen years ago Wayne Wiegand (2000) reviewed fifty years of published research literature (1947–1997) in U.S. library history in search of varied theoretical perspectives. He argued for the use of more critical theories, and for library historians to join with social and cultural historians to help contextualize library history within broader cultural and social forces in the United States. In the field of library and information science (LIS) he was not alone in this. For example, Leckie, Given, and Buschman's Critical Theory for Library ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Workflows and Provenance: Toward Information Science Solutions for the
           Natural Sciences
    • Abstract: The era of big data is upon us. Along with it, computers and computation have become ubiquitous in almost every human endeavor. It should come as no surprise that concerns have been raised about the reproducibility of computational methods in research and science (Stodden et al., 2016). Reproducibility is a cornerstone of the scientific method, addressing both the universality of the reported scientific claims and providing transparency, such that the scientific results can be trusted. In general terms a process can be reproduced if both what was done and how it was done are sufficiently documented. It is often beneficial to record who conducted the process, as well as when it was done, but a truly reproducible ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • What's History Got to Do with It': Seventy Years of Historical
           Dissertation Research at the School of Information Sciences of the
           University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    • Abstract: "I have always contended that a librarian unacquainted with [the history of books and libraries] is illiterate.""The value of studying history, of both books and libraries, lies in its insights; even if, in both fields, the need for theory to grow out of practice must remain a mystery to those who do not understand practice.""The early scholars of women's history knew that women were present throughout the past—the task was not so much that of ferreting out an obscure history but that of making the invisible visible. The same holds true for library scholars who would place children . . . in the mainstream rather than the margins. If they have been invisible, it is because no one was looking for them. . . . But we ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Bridging the Distance: Using Interactive Communication Tools to Make
           Online Education More Social
    • Abstract: In the discourse about for-credit higher education there are two models that are most commonly discussed: traditional on-campus, residentialbased education; and distance education. On-campus education has a long and well-respected pedigree and is available worldwide—most countries have at least one institution of higher education. However, physical access to higher education can be limited, leading to a rise in demand for distance higher education. Historically, distance education utilized various methods of instruction, including mail correspondence, radio, and television. Over the past several decades, however, distance education has come to be virtually synonymous with online education, or e-learning. ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Public Librarianship in Communist Romania: Creating a Profession to Serve
           the Socialist Propaganda Cause
    • Abstract: After World War II and up to 1989, the Romanian Communist Party (PCR)1 put in place a public library system that instilled at the very core of libraries characteristics that define their activity to this day. The National System of Public Libraries (NSPL), developed as a by-product of the communist regime, had little chance to adapt to postcommunist realities after 1990 (Anghelescu, 2001, p. 235). Library education and training were important aspects of the NSPL's process of development. This paper will delve into the evolution of the NSPL, presenting the professional education and training opportunities that were available, as well as how librarians recall the influence these had on professional development.The ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Evolution of Privacy within the American Library Association,
           1906–2002
    • Abstract: Information privacy is a well-established value among librarians, and it has become a cornerstone of the profession's ethical foundation (American Library Association [ALA], 2016). Imagine, then, how the library profession would react to the following scenario: after loosely affiliated groups of terrorists with a shared ideology strike across Europe, the United States, and other locations around the world, a coordinated international network of government agencies develops broad information-sharing protocols to identify terrorist cells and thwart future attacks. Further, to support the hunt for terrorists, a public library in New York City seemingly assists the work of Russian agents who systematically target ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Teens Becoming Researchers: Pedagogical Considerations When Designing
           Coresearch
    • Abstract: The Young Researchers project is a multiyear research project that works with teenagers as coresearchers and study participants to examine science and technology learning and the technology use of such teens. Coresearch is an approach that recognizes the knowledge of community members, and purposefully adjusts power relationships to involve those community members in the design, running, and analysis of research studies. In our project, teens from diverse areas around Illinois participate in camp-style introductions to social science research, and collaboratively develop and conduct research examining the technology use of youths. These camps also allow us to examine the participants' familiarity with and ... Read More
      Keywords: Humanities literature; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.; History; Educational technology; Public librarians; Public libraries; Science; Technology
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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