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Journal Cover
Gyroscopy and Navigation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.292
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 209  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2075-1087 - ISSN (Online) 2075-1109
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • History of NMR Gyroscope Development in Russia in 1960–2000s
    • Authors: R. M. Umarkhodzhaev; Yu. V. Pavlov; A. N. Vasil’ev
      Pages: 147 - 161
      Abstract: Abstract This paper is dedicated to the history of development of a gyroscope based on the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) effect, in the USSR and Russia. The paper presents early references to the idea of using the electrons and other elementary particles, as well as atoms as a working substance in gyroscopy. The main stages of development of a NMR-gyroscope construction principles are briefly described. Works on spin oscillators and stabilizers based on mercury isotopes and on exchange-oriented nuclei of noble gases are discussed. The paper shows how these stages are linked with emerging new areas (disciplines) of applied nuclear physics, such as spectroscopy (electronic paramagnetic resonance and NMR), optical pumping, and exchange orientation.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030094
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Gyro: Ultimate Parameters
    • Authors: A. K. Vershovskii; Yu. A. Litmanovich; A. S. Pazgalev; V. G. Peshekhonov
      Pages: 162 - 176
      Abstract: Abstract The fundamental limitations for the basic metrological parameters of the nuclear magnetic resonance gyro (NMRG) are analyzed. The determinant factors limiting its sensitivity, such as atomic projection noise and light shot noise, are considered. Formulas are derived to estimate the ultimate sensitivity of the NMRG and study its dependence on the parameters of the sensitive element. The main causes of NMRG drifts and possible ways to improve its metrological characteristics are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030100
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Laser Source for a Compact Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Gyroscope
    • Authors: N. A. Maleev; S. A. Blokhin; M. A. Bobrov; A. G. Kuz’menkov; M. M. Kulagina; V. M. Ustinov
      Pages: 177 - 182
      Abstract: Abstract Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) of 895 nm spectral range, with fixed direction of output polarization have been developed. These lasers provide single-mode output power of over 1 mW at an operational temperature of 60°С, at orthogonal polarization suppression ratio (OPSR) about 20 dB. The designed VCSELs were used in a laser source for a perspective compact nuclear magnetic resonance gyroscope. The designed laser source provides precise tuning of wavelength to the Cs133 D1 spectral line, and formation of collimated output beam.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030057
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Behavior of Signal from Optical Circuit of Quantum Rotation Sensor Based
           on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    • Authors: E. N. Popov; K. A. Barantsev; N. A. Ushakov; A. N. Litvinov; L. B. Liokumovich; A. N. Shevchenko; F. V. Sklyarov; A. V. Medvedev
      Pages: 183 - 190
      Abstract: Abstract The paper considers a common operation principle of a quantum rotation sensor based on nuclear magnetic resonance, giving a semi-classical description of processes in the sensor circuit, that is useful for obtaining the analytical representation of a signal at the optical circuit output. The principles of numerical calculation are briefly presented for an optical signal of the rotation sensor based on a one-dimensional quantum model. Comparison of calculations according to classical model and more stringent quantum model has shown that the sensor signal has a more complicated structure than that following from the classical description which shows only some properties of dynamic processes in the circuit. The results are important for the development of methods for demodulating the quantum rotation sensor optical signal and for estimation of expected characteristics of practical devices.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030082
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Frequency Response of Laser Gyroscopes in a Wide Range of Rotation
           Velocities
    • Authors: V. V. Azarova; A. P. Makeev; E. V. Kuznetsov; Yu. D. Golyaev
      Pages: 191 - 198
      Abstract: Abstract The laser gyro frequency response is studied by means of numerical simulation using a phase equation. The calculation results are compared to the results of experimental measurements on a precision dynamic test-bench. Quantitative relationship between the threshold value of static lock-in zone and frequency response distortions is established. Numerical methods helped to obtain and experimentally confirm the quantitative dependence of frequency response distortion on the amplitude and frequency of meander-shaped dither. It is shown that the dither shape significantly affects the frequency response form. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that frequency-response distortions depend on conditions of its measurement, in particular, on the time. The conducted research allows dither parameters to be optimized with a view to increase the accuracy of measurements using laser gyroscopes.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030021
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Effect of Delays in Rate Sensor Channels on the Accuracy of Navigation
           Solution of Strapdown Inertial Navigation System
    • Authors: O. N. Bogdanov; A. V. Fomichev
      Pages: 199 - 206
      Abstract: Abstract The effect of mutual delays in rate sensor (RS) channels on the accuracy of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) has been studied. Two types of SINS motion have been identified, for which the delays of about one microsecond in the RS channels result in significant navigation errors. Sensitivity of navigation errors to the deviations from these motions has been investigated, as well as the effect of delays in the RS channels on real trajectories registered in course of flight tests.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030033
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Maneuver Classification of a Moving Vehicle with Six Degrees of Freedom
           Using Logistic Regression Technique
    • Authors: Mehyar Al Mansour; Ibrahim Chouaib; Asef Jafar
      Pages: 207 - 217
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a novel on line algorithm for maneuver classification of a moving vehicle with six degrees of freedom, using on-board MEMS IMU’s data (three accelerometers and three rate gyros). The classification is either discrete (i.e. high, low or no maneuver), or continuous (a value that reflects the intensity of the maneuver). It should be mentioned that there is no explicit solution for this problem in any research paper previously published, due to the inability to find a direct mathematical model capable of characterizing this problem, despite its importance and its impact in improving the functioning of navigation systems. The proposed algorithm is based on a machine learning technique called logistic regression, which is a discriminative probabilistic classification model. Computer simulations, using MEMS IMU’s data taken from real experiments of an UAV, showed the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, taking into account the sampling time, and the suitability for a wide spectrum of applications.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030069
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Flicker Noise Simulation by Superposition of Normal Stationary Processes
    • Authors: B. O. Kachanov; S. A. Akhmedova; N. A. Tuktarev; V. A. Novikov
      Pages: 218 - 226
      Abstract: Abstract The details of the well-known method for representing 1/f noise by a sum of stationary processes are presented. Two series of shaping filters are applied in the frequency band specified by the user. The relations for the filter parameters are determined. The error in the approximation of the spectrum is considered. An algorithm for modeling fluctuations in the form of a system of first-order stochastic difference equations is proposed. The algorithm is intended to be used in simulation models applied to study the errors of navigation systems.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030045
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Short Age of Radiosextant
    • Authors: V. G. Peshekhonov
      Pages: 227 - 232
      Abstract: Abstract The paper presents brief history of development of new autonomous navigation equipment, a radio astronavigation system (radiosextant), and discusses new technological solutions implemented in the radiosextant, as well as the reasons for stopping its further development.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718030070
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Specific Features of Constructing a Dual-Mode GNSS Gyrocompass as a
           Tightly-Coupled Integrated System
    • Authors: G. I. Emel’yantsev; B. A. Blazhnov; A. P. Stepanov
      Pages: 97 - 105
      Abstract: Abstract A task of constructing a tightly-coupled inertial satellite integrated system under the conditions of limited visibility is considered in terms of solving both orientation and navigation problems. To determine the orientation parameters of a moving object, a dual-mode GNSS gyrocompass is implemented, which comprises a gimballess inertial measurement unit (IMU) on fiber-optic gyros (FOG), and two-antenna receiving equipment (RE) of global navigation satellite system (GNSS). Algorithms and errors of a GNSS gyrocompass with antenna baseline at the level of wavelength of carrier frequency and satellite receivers with external reference oscillator are studied. At that, the IMU with the antenna module of GNSS RE operates in reversible modulation rotation mode. A specific feature of this system is that a GNSS gyrocompass can be constructed while observing at least one navigation satellite of GPS or GLONASS; moreover, it has an autonomous operation mode which implements an AHRS scheme and position dead-reckoning based on the IMU and log data in absence of signals from the navigation satellite. The ambiguity of phase measurements and unreliable measurements are removed by referring to the IMU data when forming differential measurements in the integrated system at the level of the first differences of phases. The results of desktop analysis of bed testing data for a prototype system with a GNSS gyrocompass Orion-M (designed by CSRI Elektropribor) comprising GNSS receiving units 2K-363E-62 (RIRV JSC) and FOG-based inertial unit VG 910 (Fizoptika JSC) are presented in the paper.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718020049
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Determination of Orientation Angles in Dead Reckoning Systems with One
           Free Gyroscope
    • Authors: Ya. I. Binder
      Pages: 106 - 115
      Abstract: Abstract The paper considers the development of the approach proposed earlier by the author to ensure nonperturbation of dead reckoning, based on the construction of a single-channel inertial vertical using a trihedron of accelerometers and one free gyroscope. In order to improve the accuracy of instantaneous orientation angles needed to solve vehicle control problems, proposed method uses the data from the inertial vertical channel, the difference in heading values generated with the use of information from the free gyro and a “budget” MEMS inertial unit, and the log readings processed in accordance with the principle of gyroscopic orientation with a controllable pendulum. The simulation results are presented that confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718020037
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of Temperature Fields in Angular Velocity Measurement Units on
           Fiber-Optic Gyros
    • Authors: A. V. Golikov; V. M. Pankratov; M. V. Efremov
      Pages: 116 - 123
      Abstract: Abstract Mathematical models of 3D transient temperature fields in angular velocity measurement unit (AVMU) and constituent fiber-optic gyros both in basic structure and in the structure with reversible heat control system (HCS) are developed and implemented. Comparative analysis of temperature fields under complex temperature effects is conducted. Efficiency of reversible double-circuit HCS application is assessed.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718020050
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Determining Deflections of the Vertical in the Western Siberia Region: The
           Results of Comparison
    • Authors: N. S. Kosarev; V. F. Kanushin; V. I. Kaftan; I. G. Ganagina; D. N. Goldobin; G. N. Efimov
      Pages: 124 - 130
      Abstract: Abstract At present, information on deflections of the vertical (DOV) is obtained by means of modern global geopotential models. The authors have derived DOV model values in the Western Siberia region. The results of the comparison of the DOV model values calculated with the use of the global geopotential model EIGEN-6C4 and the astrogeodetic measurements taken in the Western Siberia region are analyzed. The study has shown that in plains, standard deviations of DOV model values from the terrestrial data obtained by traditional astrogeodetic method do not exceed 1 arcsec.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718020062
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The Results of Software Joint Processing of Signals from Global and
           Regional Navigation Satellite Systems
    • Authors: V. S. Bakholdin; D. A. Gavrilov; I. S. Gerasimenko; V. A. Dobrikov; V. F. Ivanov
      Pages: 131 - 137
      Abstract: Abstract The paper considers joint software processing of signals from global (GLONASS, GPS, BeiDou, Galileo) and regional (IRNSS) navigation satellite systems. A general block diagram of the prototype multiconstellation software-defined radio (SDR) is presented; its capabilities to process signals from navigation systems are discussed. The developed SDR allows for separate and combined navigation solutions using signals received in Russia’s North-West from 30 satellites of 5 different navigation systems. The accuracy of these solutions and the DOP values are analyzed.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718020025
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of Time Scales by the Common-View Method Using GLONASS
           Measurements and Taking into Account the Integer Property of Phase
           Ambiguities
    • Authors: I. O. Skakun; V. V. Mitrikas
      Pages: 138 - 146
      Abstract: Abstract Comparison of time scales by a differential method using signals from global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) is discussed. The results of the experimental study show the possibility of taking into account the integer property of ambiguities of GLONASS navigation satellites. The random error in the comparison of time scales is about 55 picoseconds.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718020074
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • About Motion Measurement in Sports Based on Gyroscopes and
           Accelerometers—an Engineering Point of View
    • Authors: J. F. Wagner
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: Abstract Inertial sensors are powerful motion measurement devices. They are well-known in vehicle guidance and enable a detailed capture of position, attitude, velocity, and acceleration. Due to modern technology, navigation systems based on these sensors became increasingly small, light, and inexpensive. So, they suggest themselves for motion analysis in sports as an arising application area. Considering the last decades, this paper outlines and discusses the introduction and typical usage of inertial and integrated navigation systems in sports and biomechanics respectively.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718010091
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A Gyrocompass based on a Rotating Laser Gyroscope: Experience in the
           Development and Experimental Results
    • Authors: G. V. Cheremisenov
      Pages: 29 - 34
      Abstract: Abstract The experience in the development of a gyrocompass based on a laser gyroscope rotating about its horizontal axis of sensitivity is discussed. Levels of errors caused by various sources are estimated. The gyrocompass mockup is described, and the experimental results are presented.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718010054
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Results of Fiber-Optic Gyro Testing
    • Authors: A. A. Untilov; D. A. Egorov; A. V. Rupasov; R. L. Novikov; S. T. Neforosnyi; M. P. Azbeleva; E. V. Dranitsyna
      Pages: 45 - 49
      Abstract: Abstract The paper presents the information on specific design, accuracy characteristics, and results of testing of a prototype fiber-optic gyro of accuracy grade 0.01°/h, with sensing element spool diameter of 150 mm, designed by Concern RCSI Elektropribor, JSC. The device is compared to a number of sensors of similar accuracy grade, designed by various Russian and international companies.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s207510871801008x
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Simulation of Translational Vibrations Effect on Torque-to-Balance RR-Type
           MEMS Gyroscope
    • Authors: E. A. Baranova; M. I. Evstifeev; D. P. Eliseev
      Pages: 50 - 56
      Abstract: Abstract A mathematical model of torque-to-balance MEMS gyroscope with a drive mode in plane is developed. The model considers compensational control loop, proof-mass dynamics, electromechanical nonlinear effects in capacitive transducers and the inequality of their parameters. The response of the resulting system to translational vibrations is investigated. Qualitative coincidence of simulation results with experimental data is obtained. A way of increasing vibration reliability is highlighted.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718010029
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Testing the INS Heading Channel by Comparing it to the Reference Channel
           with a Zero Systematic Error
    • Authors: V. A. Granovskii; M. D. Kudryavtsev; A. A. Untilov
      Pages: 57 - 66
      Abstract: Abstract Testing of an inertial navigation system (INS) aimed to verify its compliance with the requirements for the accuracy of its heading channel by comparing it with a reference INS with known accuracy parameters is discussed. It is shown that the main conditions for successful testing are the following two factors: the proportion (ratio) of the errors of the heading channel being tested and those of the reference channel, and the estimation accuracy of the reference channel errors. Formulas are obtained for the case of a zero systematic error of the reference heading channel, which provide reliable estimation of the comparison results.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s2075108718010066
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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