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Journal Cover Past & Present
  [SJR: 0.208]   [H-I: 23]   [180 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0031-2746 - ISSN (Online) 1477-464X
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • C. A. Bayly
    • Authors: Devji F.
      Pages: 3 - 12
      Abstract: I used to meet Chris Bayly for lunch whenever he came to Oxford for a meeting of the Past and Present editorial board. Having done with his duties the day before, we would meet at the bar of the Randolph Hotel, where Chris stayed, and generally have a drink there before going across the street to the terrace restaurant in the Ashmolean Museum. There we would always sit at the same table, in a corner next to the large windows looking out onto the terrace.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx052
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Tree and the Rod: Jurisdiction in Late Medieval England *
    • Authors: Johnson T.
      Pages: 13 - 51
      Abstract: In the summer of 1435 an anonymous scribe composed a vivid description of landscape change in the region around Dunwich, a once prosperous port town on the coast of East Anglia. ‘In olde tyme’, he began, ‘ther was an havene rennyng under the town of Donewich’, near some marshes belonging to the neighbouring village of Walberswick. And, he went on, this haven or harbour ‘was, be castyng & werkyng of the see, stopped & distroyed; and sithen an newe haven brake owt of the see, into the lond of Walberswyke’.11 This environmental transformation had provoked a great deal of legal trouble between the lord of Walberswick and the burgesses of Dunwich over the previous half-century. As the harbour had ‘moved’ around a kilometre northwards from its original location, jurisdiction over its waters had been thrown into doubt, and it was no longer clear where the boundaries between the two communities lay.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx051
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • Religious Conflict and Civic Identity: Battles Over the Sacred Landscape
           of Montpellier *
    • Authors: Diefendorf B.
      Pages: 53 - 91
      Abstract: On 1 December 1682, Louis XIV’s lieutenant-governor for Languedoc, the duke of Noailles,11 set out with his armed retainers to tear down the Grand Temple, the Reformed church that had stood in the heart of Montpellier for nearly a century. Raising a hammer to the Reformed church pulpit, Noailles personally struck the first blow, while urging the more than fifty masons summoned by city officials to quickly complete the church’s destruction. Six months later, Montpellier’s bishop planted a monumental cross on the site and organized a splendid procession to celebrate its erection. All of the city’s royal and civic magistrates took part, as did its religious communities and confraternities and most of the priests in the diocese. By all accounts, nearly every Roman Catholic man, woman and child in the city followed the formally convoked participants through Montpellier’s narrow streets to the open square where the demolished church had stood, while members of the local militia stood watch in arms. The ceremony climaxed with the bishop blessing the cross and receiving the abjuration of thirty-two Huguenots, who then made public acts of reparation before the gathered crowds.22
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx037
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • Mapping the Miracle: Empirical Approaches in the Exodus Debate of the
           Eighteenth Century *
    • Authors: Dürr R.
      Pages: 93 - 133
      Abstract: Sometimes, during the eighteenth century, academic debates about seemingly small matters contained within them far more significant universal questions that might occupy scholars for decades or more. The crossing of the Red Sea by the Israelites was one such debate. Questions of exactly where they crossed, and whether the event was a miracle, elicited responses that reveal significant lines of thought in the crucial arguments of the early Enlightenment concerning the nature of the truth and revelatory character of the Bible.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx038
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • Ottoman Despotism and Islamic Constitutionalism in Mehmed Ali’s
           Egypt *
    • Authors: Hill P.
      Pages: 135 - 166
      Abstract: Some time in the late 1830s, an Egyptian scholar named Khalīfa ibn Maḥmūd was faced with a dilemma. His superiors in the administration of Mehmed Ali the Ottoman governor of Egypt had commissioned him to make an Arabic translation of a book by the Scottish historian William Robertson, entitled A View of the Progress of Society in Europe. This work, an account of the emergence of early modern Europe out of feudalism, was expected to be of great interest to his employers, keen to learn from European examples as they went about constructing an innovatory reformist state in Egypt. But Robertson, alongside his accounts of Christian Europe’s monarchies and republics, had described the Ottoman Empire as a ‘despotism’, a form of bad and lawless government. What was the servant of an avowedly Ottoman and Islamic ruler to do'
      PubDate: 2017-10-30
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx033
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • Tools of Revolution: Global Military Surplus, Arms Dealers and Smugglers
           in the Late Ottoman Balkans, 1878–1908 *
    • Authors: Öztan R.
      Pages: 167 - 195
      Abstract: During the last three decades of its existence, the Ottoman empire descended into an era of systemic political violence marked by an endless cycle of popular uprisings, rural irregular conflicts and urban guerrilla warfare. Rocking the majority of the empire from the Balkans to Eastern Anatolia, southern Syria to the Red Sea, these constant confrontations slowly chipped away Ottoman territorial control and brought the empire’s finances to ruin, effectively increasing the costs of its central control. Counter-measures designed to contain the rampant violence only made it more ubiquitous and divisive. By the end of the century, the use of violence accordingly emerged as the constitutive element of state-making and nation-building, employed by both the Ottoman state and those who challenged it, polarizing diverse communities across the imperial polity and consolidating identities on the ground.11
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx034
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • Genocide, Famine And Refugees On Film: Humanitarianism And The First World
           War *
    • Authors: Tusan M.
      Pages: 197 - 235
      Abstract: The First World War had an undeniable effect on the business of relief work.11 At the same time, the humanitarian movement indelibly shaped public understanding of the meaning and purpose of the war. After Armistice in November 1918, war continued in the East for over four more years, resulting in the largest humanitarian crisis to date, whose impact was felt long after the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923. Representations of the brutal effects of war on vulnerable civilian populations in films made by humanitarian organizations between 1919 and 1923 portrayed the Eastern Front as a protracted but solvable human tragedy. Such depictions idealized humanitarian aid as neutral and apolitical, which had a lasting effect on the way in which the war in the East was understood and remembered.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx036
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
  • Traffickers and Pimps in the Era of White Slavery *
    • Authors: Laite J.
      Pages: 237 - 269
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
      DOI: 10.1093/pastj/gtx058
      Issue No: Vol. 237, No. 1 (2017)
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