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Journal of Public Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.719
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 160  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1741-3842 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3850
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Editorial for the Special Issue of JPH—Autumn 2017
    • Authors: Rushmer R; van Oers H, Kothari A.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx163
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • Exploring the importance of evidence in local health and wellbeing
           strategies
    • Authors: Kneale D; Rojas-García A, Thomas J.
      Abstract: As evidence generators, we need to respond to the changes in the health delivery landscape if we are to continue to support public health decision-makers to make informed and judicious evidence-based choices. This study employs documentary analysis to (i) explore the extent of research evidence use in public health decision-making; (ii) to analyse occurrences of research evidence use in decision-making and (iii) to ascertain whether patterns of evidence use overlap with other area characteristics. Health and Wellbeing Strategies constitute the main source of documentary evidence. Initial results highlight that local areas are undertaking their own programmes of research that are used to inform specific questions, although the methodological robustness of these studies is unknown. There are also commonalities with previous findings, particularly with regard to the underutilization of qualitative research evidence and evidence on the effectiveness of interventions. Using Qualitative Comparative Analysis, this paper also highlights that underutilization of more academic research evidence appears disproportionally weighted towards areas with some of the most complex needs but that are not receiving the highest level of spending to meet these challenges. These areas in particular may be those where knowledge brokerage activities may have the greatest impacts.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx152
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • The creative turn in evidence for public health: community and arts-based
           methodologies
    • Authors: Byrne E; Elliott E, Saltus R, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundWe propose that arts based methodologies can be of value in the production and exchange of evidence in supporting public health related policy. This article reports on a collaborative piece of work resulting from two projects which took place in a former coal mining town in South Wales.MethodsWe used a participatory framework whereby researchers, community members and artists co-produced ‘evidence’ through the creative arts to inform public policy. We collected a range of data using a number of different techniques, including interviews, focus groups and observation, but also included an extensive range of creative activities.ResultsThe data provided a diverse range of perspectives on how people of different ages live their lives. The People’s Platform was a performance-based debate which was the culmination of the collaboration. The show involved a series of short performances with time for facilitated discussion in-between. It was felt that the show facilitated knowledge exchange on health and wellbeing issues that are usually difficult to express and understand through traditional forms of evidence.ConclusionWhilst arts-based approaches are not free from risk, they offer an alternative form of knowledge as a necessary complement to the range of data available to policy makers.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx151
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • From research to evidence-informed decision making: a systematic approach
    • Authors: Poot C; van der Kleij R, Brakema E, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundKnowledge creation forms an integral part of the knowledge-to-action framework aimed at bridging the gap between research and evidence-informed decision making. Although principles of science communication, data visualisation and user-centred design largely impact the effectiveness of communication, their role in knowledge creation is still limited. Hence, this article aims to provide researchers a systematic approach on how knowledge creation can be put into practice.MethodsA systematic two-phased approach towards knowledge creation was formulated and executed. First, during a preparation phase the purpose and audience of the knowledge were defined. Subsequently, a developmental phase facilitated how the content is ‘said’ (language) and communicated (channel). This developmental phase proceeded via two pathways: a translational cycle and design cycle, during which core translational and design components were incorporated. The entire approach was demonstrated by a case study.ResultsThe case study demonstrated how the phases in this systematic approach can be operationalised. It furthermore illustrated how created knowledge can be delivered.ConclusionThe proposed approach offers researchers a systematic, practical and easy-to-implement tool to facilitate effective knowledge creation towards decision-makers in healthcare. Through the integration of core components of knowledge creation evidence-informed decision making will ultimately be optimized.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx153
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • Structural approaches to knowledge exchange: comparing practices across
           five centres of excellence in public health
    • Authors: Van der Graaf P; Francis O, Doe E, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundIn 2008, five UKCRC Public Health Research Centres of Excellence were created to develop a coordinated approach to policy and practice engagement and knowledge exchange. The five Centres have developed their own models and practices for achieving these aims, which have not been compared in detail to date.MethodsWe applied an extended version of Saner’s model for the interface between science and policy to compare five case studies of knowledge exchanges, one from each centre. We compared these practices on three dimensions within our model (focus, function and type/scale) to identify barriers and facilitators for knowledge exchange.ResultsThe case studies shared commonalities in their range of activities (type) but illustrated different ways of linking these activities (function). The Centres’ approaches ranged from structural to more organic, and varied in the extent that they engaged internal audiences (focus). Each centre addressed policymakers at different geographical levels and scale.ConclusionsThis article emphasizes the importance of linking a range of activities that engage policymakers at different levels, intensities and points in their decision-making processes to build relationships. Developing a structural approach to knowledge exchange activities in different contexts presents challenges of resource, implementation and evaluation.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx150
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • Learning from games: stakeholders’ experiences involved in local
           health policy
    • Authors: Spitters H; van de Goor L, Lau C, et al.
      Abstract: Since public health problems are complex and the related policies need to address a wide range of sectors, cross-sectoral collaboration is beneficial. One intervention focusing on stimulating collaboration is a ‘policy game’. The focus on specific problems facilitates relationships between the stakeholders and stimulates cross-sectoral policymaking. The present study explores stakeholders’ learning experiences with respect to the collaboration process in public health policymaking. This was achieved via their game participation, carried out in real-life stakeholder networks in the Netherlands, Denmark and Romania. The policy game (In2Action) was developed and implemented as a 1-day role-play. The data consisted of: (i) observations and evaluation notes during the game and (ii) participant questionnaire after the game. All three countries showed similar results in learning experience during the collaboration processes in local policymaking. Specific learning experiences were related to: (i) the stakeholder network, (ii) interaction and (iii) relationships. The game also increased participant’s understanding of group dynamics and need for a coordinator in policymaking. This exploratory study shows that the game provides participants with learning experiences during the collaboration process in policymaking. Experiencing what is needed to establish cross-sectoral collaboration is a first step towards enhancing knowledge exchange and more effective public health policies.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx149
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • The utilization of research evidence in Health Workforce Policies: the
           perspectives of Portuguese and Brazilian National Policy-Makers
    • Authors: Craveiro I; Hortale V, Oliveira A, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundThe production of knowledge on Human Resources for Health (HRH) issues has increased exponentially since 2000 but integration of the research in the policy-making process is often lagging. We looked at how research on HRH contributes or not to inform policy decisions and interventions affecting the health workforce in Portugal and Brazil.MethodsWe designed a comparative case study of semi-structured interviews with present and past national decision-makers, policy advisors and researchers. Issues explored included the existence of a national HRH policy and the use, or non-use, of research evidence by policy makers and reasons to do so. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymized and analysed thematically.ResultsPolicy-makers in Brazil recognize a greater use of evidence in the process of defining HRH policy when compared to Portugal’s. But the existence of formal instruments to support policy development is not sufficient to ensure that policies are informed by evidence.ConclusionsIn both countries the importance of the use of evidence in the formulation of policies was recognized by policy-makers. However, the influence of other factors, such as political pressures from various lobby groups and from the media and the policy short timeframe which requires rapid responses, is predominant.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx148
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • A knowledge translation project on community-centred approaches in public
           health
    • Authors: Stansfield J; South J.
      Abstract: This article examines the development and impact of a national knowledge translation project aimed at improving access to evidence and learning on community-centred approaches for health and wellbeing. Structural changes in the English health system meant that knowledge on community engagement was becoming lost and a fragmented evidence base was seen to impact negatively on policy and practice. A partnership started between Public Health England, NHS England and Leeds Beckett University in 2014 to address these issues. Following a literature review and stakeholder consultation, evidence was published in a national guide to community-centred approaches. This was followed by a programme of work to translate the evidence into national strategy and local practice.The article outlines the key features of the knowledge translation framework developed. Results include positive impacts on local practice and national policy, for example adoption within National Institute for Health and Care Evidence (NICE) guidance and Local Authority public health plans and utilization as a tool for local audit of practice and commissioning. The framework was successful in its non-linear approach to knowledge translation across a range of inter-connected activity, built on national leadership, knowledge brokerage, coalition building and a strong collaboration between research institute and government agency.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx147
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
  • Embedded research: a promising way to create evidence-informed impact in
           public health'
    • Authors: Cheetham M; Wiseman A, Khazaeli B, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundEmbedded research (ER) is recognized as one way to strengthen the integration of evidence into public health (PH) practice. In this paper, we outline a promising example of the co-production of research evidence between Fuse, the UKCRC Centre for Translational Research in Public Health and a local authority (LA) in north east England.MethodsWe critically examine attempts to share and use research findings to influence decision-making in a LA setting, drawing on insights from PH practitioners, managers, commissioners and academic partners involved in this organizational case study. We highlight what can be achieved as a co-located embedded researcher.ResultsThe benefits and risks of ER are explored, alongside our reflections on the added value of this approach and the institutional prerequisites necessary for it to work. We argue that while this is not a new methodological approach, its application in PH as a way to facilitate evidence use is novel, and raises pragmatic and theoretical questions about the nature of impact and the extent to which it can be engineered.ConclusionWith increased situated understanding of organizational culture and norms and greater awareness of the socio-political realities of PH, ER enables new co-produced solutions to become possible.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx125
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. suppl_1 (2018)
       
 
 
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