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Journal Cover Journal of Academic Librarianship
  [SJR: 1.424]   [H-I: 41]   [974 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0099-1333
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3123 journals]
  • The Benefits and Challenges of Working in an Academic Library: A Study of
           Student Library Assistant Experience
    • Authors: Mimi Benjamin; Theresa McDevitt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Mimi Benjamin, Theresa McDevitt
      Many college students choose or need to work, and academic libraries offer a potentially convenient on-campus location for employment. Students serving in these roles may benefit from the experience both academically and socially. By examining students' experience as workers in the library, academic libraries have the opportunity to understand the benefits that such work might provide and intentionally plan to enhance learning and demonstrate library value in a novel way. This basic qualitative study sought to explore the experiences of student assistants working in an academic library and identify the benefits and challenges they perceived as a result of enacting the role. Individual interviews were conducted with seven undergraduate student library assistants at a doctoral-granting institution to determine benefits and challenges they noted that resulted from their experiences in this student employment role, and findings reveal opportunities for academic librarians in training and supervising student employees.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2018.01.002
  • A Framework for the Analysis and Management of Library Security Issues
           Applied to Patron-property Theft
    • Authors: Heidi Simmons
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Heidi Simmons
      This paper adapts three conceptual frameworks from Environmental Criminology – Routine Activity Theory, Rational Choice Theory, and Situational Crime Prevention – to create a Crime Prevention Toolkit that helps librarians analyze and manage criminal activity in contemporary academic libraries. The toolkit is applied to a case study of patron-laptop theft at an urban academic library to demonstrate its use in analyzing criminal activity and creating a crime-problem intervention. The intervention was rapidly successful at eliminating patron-property theft. There were no patron-laptop thefts of any kind in the library after implementation of the intervention, in contrast to 12 recorded laptop thefts the previous academic year. This is the first time a research-based, conceptual framework of three theories from Environmental Criminology has been used to analyze and manage criminal activity in an academic library. It is also the first time a patron-property theft intervention in an academic library has been demonstrated effective in an empirical inquiry.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.021
  • What do they want' Millennials and role of libraries in Pakistan
    • Authors: Saira Hanif Soroya; Kanwal Ameen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Saira Hanif Soroya, Kanwal Ameen
      The present study is aimed at determining the future role of libraries in Pakistan as perceived by the Millennials (people born during the 1980's and late 1990's) considering the current ongoing digital development. The quantitative research design, based on survey has been used for the study. The population consisted of students from large and medium sized general universities of Lahore, Pakistan. Stratified purposive sampling technique was carried out to select the pool of the subjects e. A self-constructed and validated instrument was used to collect data. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS (16.0). The results revealed that Millennials want future libraries to allow easy access to a wide range of reading material in both print and digital form. They want to be able to round the clock access to electronic and print resources.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2018.01.003
  • The Role of Affect in the Information Seeking of Productive Scholars
    • Authors: Sarah Rose Fitzgerald
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Sarah Rose Fitzgerald
      Carol Kuhlthau's (2004) work shows that affect is a vital part of information seeking for high school students and undergraduates. This article explores the influence of affect on research university faculty. Like beginning information users, advanced information users are influenced by their confidence, ambition, and interest in their work. This study employed phenomenological interviews to explore how scholars' willingness to tackle new areas of research, submit manuscripts to prestigious publications, approach colleagues for collaboration, and conduct literature searches with tenacity is impacted by their emotions and dispositions.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2018.01.001
  • International Trends in Designing Electronic Health Information Literacy
           for Health Sciences Students: A Systematic Review of the Literature
    • Authors: Hussein Haruna; Xiao Hu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 January 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Hussein Haruna, Xiao Hu
      The Internet has become a crucial source of health information for health sciences students. They increasingly rely on the Internet for health information to support their educational projects, academic activities, clinical practice and research. Surprisingly, it has been shown that students' health information skills for conducting research on the Internet are inadequate. Indeed, developing and improving the health information skill set of health sciences students is required in order for students to effectively locate, critically evaluate, and efficiently use online health information for the effective location, critical evaluation and efficient use of online health information. This paper undertakes a systematic review of the literature with a focus on electronic health information literacy skills with the aim of identifying the current trends, contributions to, and practices in health sciences students' education, and informing researchers in the field universally about the essential baseline for the design and development of effective course contents, pedagogy and assessment approaches. However, majority of students have limited skills for the location, evaluation and effective use of health information on the Internet. Other articles suggest that health sciences students need fully fledged health information skills programs that are integrated with their health sciences education curricula.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.004
  • Spanish-language Print Materials Within Academic Consortia: Assessing the
           Impact of Resource Sharing in Two Academic Libraries
    • Authors: Manuel Ostos; Lisa Gardinier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 January 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Manuel Ostos, Lisa Gardinier

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.005
  • Information Literacy in Practice: Content and Delivery of Library
           Instruction Tutorials
    • Authors: Laura Saunders
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Laura Saunders

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.022
  • Corrigendum to “Enhancing Information Literacy Using Bernard Lonergan's
           Generalized Empirical Method: A Three-year Case Study in a First Year
    • Authors: Lisa Rose-Wiles; Marian Glenn; Doreen Stiskal
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 January 2018
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Lisa Rose-Wiles, Marian Glenn, Doreen Stiskal

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.019
  • Keeping Current: Reviews and Analysis of Special Reports
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
  • Build It and They Will Come' Patron Engagement Via Twitter at
           Historically Black College and University Libraries
    • Authors: Brenton Stewart; Jessie Walker
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 October 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Brenton Stewart, Jessie Walker
      This study is a social media analysis on the use of Twitter at Historically Black Colleges and University (HBCU) libraries. While information science researchers have begun examining how libraries use social media, the vast majority of these studies are situated at large flagship research-intensive universities. Additionally, there currently exist deficiencies in research on social media deployment at HBCU libraries. We leverage, the IBM Watson's analytic engine, to systemically examine over 23,000, tweets over an eighteen-month period, around a set of objective measures including propagation of retweets and sentiment to assess follower engagement. The analysis found little evidence of follower engagement with library generated content. However, we observed a substantial volume of library tweets coalesced around institutional boosterism, rather than library related phenomena. This non-library related content represented the vast majority of retweets, but paradoxically was propagated by non-followers. Additionally, tweets relating to institutional boosterism produced the most positive sentiment within the data.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T18:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.016
  • Corrigendum to “A Study to Develop and Apply Evaluation Factors for
           Subject Guides in South Korea” [The Journal of Academic Librarianship 43
           (2017) 423–433]
    • Authors: Younghee Noh; Daekeun Jeong
      Pages: 423 - 433
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Younghee Noh, Daekeun Jeong

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T03:08:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 5 (2017)
  • Challenges and Opportunities: A Survey of Practitioners' Perceptions on
           Risks in Chinese Library Transformation
    • Authors: Chuanfu Chen; Yi Chen; Kuei Chiu; Ruihan Zhao
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Chuanfu Chen, Yi Chen, Kuei Chiu, Ruihan Zhao
      Chinese libraries, from academic to public, are undergoing or preparing for transformation, to meet users' ever changing needs and expectations in the new social, economic, and technological environment. However, there are many factors deeply embedded in the process which may cause potential risks for the transformation. This paper has surveyed the perceptions of library professionals on such risks, and proposes 40 possible risk indicators (RIs) which comprehensively cover the entire life cycle of library transformation. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and multi-dimensional analysis have been used to categorize risks into different types and dimensions. It reveals that library professionals are aware of potential risks, especially the ones from inside the field. Their awareness is positively affected by their current positions in the profession. In general, they are likely to overlook some types of potential risks such as the ones from the leadership, originating outside the library community, or involving long-term uncertainty. The authors suggest library practitioners should be fully aware of the potential risks and their dynamic nature, and should take the opportunity to promote leadership and management in the process of transformation, and to cooperate with parties outside of the library community, thus making the library transformation rational and successful.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T12:11:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.002
  • When Librarians Hit the Books: Uses of and Attitudes Toward E-Books
    • Authors: Katherine Hanz; Dawn McKinnon
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Katherine Hanz, Dawn McKinnon
      Librarians offer a unique perspective on e-books: on one hand they collect these resources and train users as part of their jobs, while on the other hand, they may be users of e-books themselves. With recent increases in research expectations for Canadian academic librarians, this study aimed to discover: when librarians do research, do they use e-books and how often are they using them' This study examines the results of a survey of 392 academic librarians from across Canada. The survey generated data on librarians' use of, and attitudes towards, e-books. While a number of studies examine the use and opinions of e-books among other user groups, this study examines how librarians search for or use e-books differently than other user groups. Results will help librarians to improve their liaison work and make more informed collection development decisions at their own institutions.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T12:11:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.018
  • The History, Deployment, and Future of Institutional Repositories in
           Public Universities in South Africa
    • Authors: Siviwe Bangani
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Siviwe Bangani
      This paper investigates the history, deployment, and content of institutional repositories (IRs) in public universities in South Africa. Some of the local, national and international drivers and enablers that ensure the establishment and survival of the institutional repositories are identified. Lastly, an attempt is made to determine the future of the IRs. Findings include that South African universities were among the first universities in the world to host IRs with the first IR established in 2000. The most prevalent and dominant content in South African public university collections are electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). There are signs that this is changing as more libraries cover research outputs emanating from the universities. African languages are sparsely represented in IRs in South Africa. The majority of universities in the country signed the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, and the Budapest Open Access Initiative. Many of them do not have their own open access policy. The driving factors include the decline in government subsidy, increase in journal subscriptions, depreciation of the South African currency, and addition of the Value Added Tax (VAT) of 14% on electronic resources by the South Africa taxman while the enabling factors include the international open access mandates, the Carnegie Foundation grants, and the National Research Foundation's statement on open access.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T12:11:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.003
  • Awareness of, and Attitudes Towards the Paradigm Shifts Among Library and
           Information Science (LIS) Faculty Staff in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Pedzisai Katuli-Munyoro; Stephen Mutula
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Pedzisai Katuli-Munyoro, Stephen Mutula
      The study is informed by the Punctuated Equilibrium Theory and the Diffusion of Innovation Theory. The integrative theoretical approach allowed for methodological pluralism and enabled the researcher to discuss two distinct types of change, namely evolutionary change and revolutionary change. Both qualitative and quantitative methodologies were employed. The qualitative methodology was dominant, while the quantitative methodology was supplementary. The study integrated case study and survey research methods within a single research design. Respondents in the case study were surveyed using survey questionnaires and in-depth interviews. The population of the study comprises all LIS faculty staff, Deans/Heads of Departments (HODs) in higher education institutions (HEIs) offering LIS education in Zimbabwe. The study found that LIS faculty members have high awareness levels and optimism about paradigm shifts in the fields of library and information science. Despite this awareness, knowledge and optimism, LIS faculty staff are victims of paradigm effects and paradigm paralysis. This suggests that for any change initiatives to succeed, LIS faculty members need to break the chains of paradigm effects and paralysis. Until the chains are broken no meaningful evolutionary or revolutionary change can happen in LIS education and training in Zimbabwe. The findings provide fundamental information for decision makers at national and institutional levels. The information can be used for the purpose of analysis, advocacy and strategic planning for educational reforms.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T12:11:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.007
  • Multilingual Scholarship: Non-English Sources and Reference Management
    • Authors: Adam H. Lisbon
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Adam H. Lisbon

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T12:11:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.001
  • Academic e-Book Publishing in China: An Investigation of Current Status
           and Publishers' Attitudes
    • Authors: Wen-Qi Fu; Mei Zhang; Ling-Yan Yan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Wen-Qi Fu, Mei Zhang, Ling-Yan Yan
      This study investigates the current status and attitudes towards academic e-book publishing by mainland Chinese academic publishers through an online survey. This study collected survey data from 49 authoritative academic publishers in China, focusing on their e-book sales profiles and their perceptions of how e-book sales affect publishers and libraries. The data reveals that China's academic e-book industry is still at an early development stage and has a relatively small market. The findings show significant differences in the willingness and attitudes towards e-book publishing between SSH publishers and STEM publishers, and also demonstrate that the enhancement of the demand for e-books by academic libraries promotes the process of the digital transformation of academic publishers. This study then argues that Chinese academic publishers need to further improve the quality of academic e-books, accelerate the transition from academic content providers to academic content service providers, and strengthen their cooperation with stakeholders.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T12:11:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.008
  • Home Away from Home: Extending Library Services for International Students
           in China's Universities
    • Authors: Lihong Zhou; Yingying Han; Ping Li
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Lihong Zhou, Yingying Han, Ping Li
      In response to the rapid growth of international students in China's universities, it is important for university libraries to extend their existing services, which were mainly designed for native Chinese students. This paper reports on a research study aimed at extending library services for international students by identifying and understanding their requirements. An exploratory case study research design was adopted. Specifically, the Wuhan University Library was selected as the case study, at which 23 international students were approached and interviewed using semi-structured questions. The analysis of interview data pointed to 14 library service requirements in four main themes: feeling welcomed, convenient accessibility, comfortable learning environment and diverse learning resources. On this basis, five practical strategies were formulated. This study focused on China's university libraries, however, the research findings provide useful implications and insights that can be shared across international borders.

      PubDate: 2017-12-17T17:51:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.002
  • Emotions Management Skills and Barriers with Library Staff: A
           Correlational Survey of Agriculture Students
    • Authors: Sajjad Ullah Jan; Mumtaz Ali Anwar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Sajjad Ullah Jan, Mumtaz Ali Anwar
      The literature has identified barriers with library staff as one of the important barriers affecting academic activities of students and also recognized the relationship of various academic and demographic characteristics of students with it. The emotions management skills of students may be one of the possible correlates of the barriers with library staff. This study was designed to investigate the levels of barriers with library staff and emotions management skills as well as their possible correlation using two standardized scales. The data were collected from the final year undergraduate agriculture students. The results confirmed the existence of barriers with library staff among the participants of both genders experiencing the same level of anxiety. The participants scored 3.75 (average) on the emotions management scale. The results also revealed significantly negative correlation between emotions management skills and barriers with library staff among these students. These results have many practical implications in the sphere of academic librarianship.

      PubDate: 2017-12-17T17:51:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.12.006
  • Sharing the value and impact of outreach: Taking a multifaceted approach
           to outreach assessment
    • Authors: Elizabeth German; Sarah LeMire
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 December 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Elizabeth German, Sarah LeMire
      Although outreach is a common activity in academic libraries, little has been written about strategies for assessing library outreach efforts. Assessing outreach efforts is important in order to measure the success of the outreach activity, identify areas for iterative improvement, and demonstrate the value of the outreach activity to stakeholders. This article is a case study describing the multifaceted strategies employed to assess a major outreach event, Texas A&M University Libraries annual Open House event. It details demonstrating value and programmatic improvement as the articulated goals for outreach assessment as well as the specific strategies used and the insights gleaned from each assessment strategy.

      PubDate: 2017-12-11T18:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.11.001
  • Understanding the Language of Information Literacy
    • Authors: Jean-Paul Orgeron
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jean-Paul Orgeron
      Understanding the language of information literacy is necessary for the effective use of library resources. The results of a recent study indicate that undergraduate students lack such an understanding, and the authors recommend that librarians, working with faculty, reassess information literacy terms. This article examines what is involved in reassessing these terms by drawing on several ideas from the philosophy of language, which provides a foundation for grasping the semantic challenges librarians face in educating users. Any reassessment of information literacy terms should recognize their ordinary and specialized use and aim for the holistic expression of core concepts, however complex they may be.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T03:08:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.10.004
  • Weed 'Em and Reap' Deselection of Political Science Books
    • Authors: Erin Ackerman; Lisa DeLuca
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Erin Ackerman, Lisa DeLuca
      Weeding academic library collections is widely acknowledged as a necessary and beneficial, but difficult, task. Little research has been done on how librarians approach weeding for a particular academic subject area and how they apply general weeding plans and criteria to a specific subject. This project examines the weeding practices of librarians with responsibility for managing book collections in political science and related disciplines through the use of a survey about their weeding experiences and perspectives. While survey respondents expressed similar motivations for weeding, the obstacles they encounter, and their approaches to developing weeding projects to those outlined in the literature, respondents were more confident about weeding and do it more frequently than one would expect from prior scholarship. Open text responses gave insight into how librarians apply broad and subjective weeding criteria, such as currency and relevance, to their politics-related collections.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T03:08:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.10.003
  • fmi - TOC w/barcode & ed board
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • fmii -TOC continued & ed board cont.
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • Fundamentals of Electronic Resources Management, A. Verminski, K.M.
           Blanchat. ALA Neal-Schuman, Chicago (2017)
    • Authors: Madeline Kelly
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6
      Author(s): Madeline Kelly

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • Renew Yourself: A Six-Step Plan for More Meaningful Work, C.
           Hakala-Ausperk. ALA Editions, Chicago (2017)
    • Authors: Alexandra Simons
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6
      Author(s): Alexandra Simons

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • The First-Year Experience Cookbook, R. Pun, M. Houlihan (Eds.).
           Association of College and Research Libraries, Chicago (2017)
    • Authors: Asheleigh Folsom
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6
      Author(s): Asheleigh A. Folsom

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • Developing Librarian Competencies for the Digital Age, J.G. Coghill, R.G.
           Russell (Eds.). Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD (2017)
    • Authors: Sandra Hussey
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6
      Author(s): Sandra Hussey

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • Choosing to Lead: The Motivational Factors of Underrepresented Minority
           Librarians in Higher Education, A.P. Olivas (Ed.). Association of College
           and Research Libraries, Chicago (2017)
    • Authors: Andrea Malone
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6
      Author(s): Andrea Malone

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • Becoming a Powerhouse Librarian: How to Get Things Done Right the First
           Time, J.M. Gray. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD (2017)
    • Authors: Madeline Kelly
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 6
      Author(s): Madeline Kelly

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
  • Seek and You Shall Find' An Observational Study of Music Students'
           Library Catalog Search Behavior
    • Authors: Joe C. Clark; Kristin Yeager
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 October 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Joe C. Clark, Kristin Yeager
      This observational study examined the strategies that music students used to locate scores and media items in an academic library's online public access catalog (OPAC). During a usability test, investigators tracked students' search strategies and behaviors, and measured their success in identifying appropriate items. Students experienced briefer, less complicated, and more successful queries for media items than for music scores (the latter of which they struggled to find and properly identify). Class standing, library catalog experience, and prior library instruction had no significant effect on positive outcomes. Searches for music scores were highly sensitive to variations in query wording, and students frequently struggled to revise their searches.

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.10.001
  • The Effect of Gender and Minority Status on Salary in Private and Public
           ARL Libraries
    • Authors: Quinn Galbraith; Erin Merrill; Olivia Outzen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 October 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Quinn Galbraith, Erin Merrill, Olivia Outzen
      The purpose of this study was to identify pay disparities within gender and race using private and public Association of Research Libraries (ARL) libraries as a lens. In this study, 44 ARL libraries participated, leading to 1099 usable responses to our survey. The findings indicate that race and gender pay disparities are larger at private libraries than at public libraries. However, disparity levels at both public and private ARL libraries are smaller than the national averages for all professions and continue to shrink.

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T20:35:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.10.005
  • A Campus Partnership to Foster Compliance with Funder Mandates
    • Authors: Jeff R. Broadbent; Andrea Payant; Kevin Peterson; Betty Rozum; Liz Woolcott
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jeff R. Broadbent, Andrea Payant, Kevin Peterson, Betty Rozum, Liz Woolcott
      Data from federally funded research must now be made publicly accessible and discoverable. Researchers must adhere to guidelines established by federal agencies, and universities must be prepared to demonstrate compliance with the federal mandate. At Utah State University, the Office of Research and Graduate Studies and the Merrill-Cazier Library partnered to facilitate data sharing and create an audit trail demonstrating compliance with the terms of each researcher's award. This systematic approach uses existing resources such as the grant management system, the institutional repository (IR), and the Library online catalog. This paper describes our process and the first eight months of implementation.

      PubDate: 2017-10-24T14:18:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.10.002
  • Evidence-based decision-making: awareness, process and practice in the
           management classroom
    • Authors: Ilana Stonebraker; Heather Howard
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 October 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Ilana Stonebraker, Heather A. Howard
      In an increasingly information rich environment, it is important to teach students decision-making alongside information gathering and management methods. This paper examines the implementation of evidence-based decision-making in a first year introduction to management course at a large university in the Midwestern United States. Students learned decision awareness, decision-making process creation and decision practice alongside areas of management and basic business principles. Students perceived increased skill in decision-making, both individually and in groups. This venture has implications for others looking to help students not only learn experientially, but also improve critical thinking in practice.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T20:19:01Z
  • Keeping Current: Reviews and Analysis of Special Reports
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 October 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T20:19:01Z
  • Column: The Politics of Academic Librarianship
    • Authors: John Buschman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): John Buschman

      PubDate: 2017-10-01T12:53:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.007
  • Virtual Serendipity: Preserving Embodied Browsing Activity in the 21st
           Century Research Library
    • Authors: Matt Cook
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Matt Cook
      As academic library collections are moved off site to make room for learning commons-type collaboration spaces, exploratory research processes (e.g. stacks browsing activities) are threatened. Given the range of benefits associated with chance information encounters in the physical book stacks, the disappearance of accessible collections is problematic. Fortunately, by focusing on embodied aspects of the physical browsing experience we can leverage emerging technologies to preserve instances of serendipitous information retrieval. Virtual reality, in this case, provides a browsing platform that allows for the type of search activity typically associated with research in the physical books stacks and preserves the benefits thereof.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T08:41:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.003
  • Knowing What the Patron Wants: Using Predictive Analytics to Transform
           Library Decision Making
    • Authors: Ryan Litsey; Weston Mauldin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Ryan Litsey, Weston Mauldin
      Predictive analytics and machine learning are burgeoning areas of professional practice for large corporations especially businesses that offer products and services to customers. The power to better understand the movement of large amounts of data in a company and the capability to deploy that data to meet a customer's needs is invaluable from a services standpoint. Some in libraries have theorized that this type of data usage could possibly be used in a library service environment as well. In this article, we demonstrate how you can develop and use machine learning algorithms and predictive analytics to proactively understand library behavior. Although libraries are good at data collection, we often rely on statics or old data for assessment. Utilizing a machine learning system, called the Automated Library Information Exchange Network (ALIEN), we can better understand the movement of the items in the collection and better serve the needs of our customers the library patrons.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T08:41:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.004
  • Faculty Members Who Teach Online: A Phenomenographic Typology of Open
           Access Experiences
    • Authors: A.M. Salaz; Nicole Johnston; Clare Pickles
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): A.M. Salaz, Nicole Johnston, Clare Pickles
      The open access (OA) movement today incorporates a number of different threads reflecting disagreement among information professionals, publishers, institutions and advocates about how OA is defined and facilitated. It is unclear in this environment how faculty members involved in teaching and research construct understanding about open access and what range of understandings among this constituency may currently exist. This paper reports the results of a study using phenomenography to understand the open access experiences and perceptions of faculty members who teach online; a growing subgroup of faculty whose professional context positions themselves and their students differently in relation to subscription-based digital and print-based library collections and support than in a brick-and-mortar educational environment. Faculty members in this group experienced open access in five qualitatively distinctive ways: as resources for teaching; as a publication channel; as a social justice movement; as open source, and as ‘free for me’. These findings have implications for outreach and communication efforts for university libraries and higher education administrators, and offer insights into the concerns and challenges faced by faculty members while engaging with open access materials.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T08:41:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.006
  • Academic Libraries and Engagement: A Critical Contextualization of the
           Library Discourse on Engagement
    • Authors: Tim Schlak
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Tim Schlak
      This article argues that the concept of engagement as it is used in the academic library literature requires greater structure and depth if the librarian community intends to appropriate and advance the usage of a phrase that resonates loudly across higher education. In reviewing the literature around engagement as well as in introducing critical perspectives from outside the library literature, this literature review and investigation demonstrates that engagement is a variously defined and used term that is both difficult to nail down but is essential to the healthy participation of an academic library in its respective community. The external perspectives introduced stem from the behavioral, psychological, and conceptual organizational approach to student engagement, whose application to academic libraries could be strengthened with a more critical grounding in the compelling terms and discourses of engagement as they are understood by those outside libraries. The framework of intellectual capital is introduced as a productive way of capturing the differing definitions and usages of the terms ‘student engagement’ and ‘engagement’.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T08:41:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.005
  • Staffing Chat Reference with Undergraduate Student Assistants at an
           Academic Library: A Standards-Based Assessment
    • Authors: Kelsey Keyes; Ellie Dworak
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Kelsey Keyes, Ellie Dworak
      Academic libraries have long experimented with how to staff the reference desk. Recent trends at college and university libraries indicate a shift toward a tiered staffing model, relying on a mix of professional librarians, library paraprofessional staff and often graduate students when available. Fewer academic libraries employ undergraduate students to work at the reference desk. This paper examines the use of undergraduate library assistants specifically to staff chat reference services at an academic library. It analyzes chat transcripts for content and comparative quality between different types of answerers: professional librarians, paraprofessional staff, and undergraduate students. Our analysis of 451 chat reference transcripts determined that undergraduate students can indeed provide satisfactory chat reference services, comparable in quality and content to that of paraprofessional staff and professional librarians. The data suggests that having well-trained undergraduate students staff chat reference is a viable, and even desirable, option for academic libraries.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T08:41:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.09.001
  • Policies, Open Access and Cooperation as Factors Influencing Geospatial
           Collections in Libraries and Institutional Repositories
    • Authors: Ifigenia Vardakosta; Sarantos Kapidakis
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Ifigenia Vardakosta, Sarantos Kapidakis
      The aim of this paper is to explore whether in today's changing landscape libraries institutional repositories are used, in order to develop collections of locally produced geospatial data. Furthermore, this study will explore the use of policies in developing geospatial collections in order to reveal whether this tool is necessary for librarians who deal with geospatial collections. Finally, it will also detect the role of cooperation in respect to the development of geospatial collections. This research is addressed to librarians working on geospatial collections so as to ascertain their perceptions since they are considered to be the professionals leading changes. The results demonstrate that Map/GIS libraries, along with analog geospatial collections, tend to develop collections from the data their academic community produces. Librarians seem to be convinced that the formulation of policies, the open access to the data, and the establishment of cooperation among stakeholders will be the critical points to accomplish this goal.

      PubDate: 2017-09-18T16:19:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.08.011
  • The h-index Debate: An Introduction for Librarians
    • Authors: Cameron Barnes
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Cameron Barnes
      This article reviews the debate within bibliometrics regarding the h-index. Despite its popularity as a decision-making tool within higher education, the h-index has become increasingly controversial among specialists. Fundamental questions remain regarding the extent to which the h-index actually measures what it sets out to measure. Unfortunately, many aspects of this debate are confined to highly technical discussions in specialised journals. This article explains in simple terms exactly why a growing number of bibliometricians are sceptical that the h-index is a useful tool for evaluating researchers. It concludes that librarians should be cautious in their recommendations regarding this metric, at least until better evidence becomes available.

      PubDate: 2017-09-12T07:18:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.08.013
  • An Academic Librarian's Search for Meaning: A Survey of Lifelong Learning
           in Library Literature
    • Authors: Megan Hayes Mahoney
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Megan Hayes Mahoney
      Lifelong learning is not a new term; many colleges and universities in the United States have lifelong learning programs or departments, such as the Lifelong Learning College at the University of Indianapolis, or an Osher Lifelong Learning Institute. At one Midwestern University, lifelong learning is part of the University mission statement, which spurred the creation of a new position in the Library—Lifelong Learning Librarian. Discussions with the Dean of the Library and colleagues, however, indicated that there was no consensus on campus as to what lifelong learning means for the University's students. The author conducted an analysis of 228 citations from a library literature database and a content analysis of 137 PDFs from that set in order to discover how library professionals use the term lifelong learning in published literature. Results indicate two potential paths for developing the new librarian position on campus.

      PubDate: 2017-09-12T07:18:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.05.004
  • Choosing Academic Librarianship: An Examination of Characteristics and
           Selection Criteria
    • Authors: Astrid Oliver; Eric Prosser
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Astrid Oliver, Eric Prosser
      Studies exploring librarians' backgrounds and motivations frequently focus on all librarian-types or on students seeking a degree in librarianship. Investigating particular subsets of librarians is a field ripe for study. Here, we employed a survey of 1872 academic librarians who obtained a graduate degree in librarianship to examine their undergraduate education and their general career paths leading them to academic librarianship. The study found that over two-thirds of respondents sought a librarianship degree more than one year after obtaining their undergraduate degree. A large majority spent time in the workforce before seeking a librarianship degree, with exposure to work in a library or contact with a librarian remaining a major influence on the decision to enter the field.

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T00:27:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.08.009
  • Implementing the READ Scale at the Austin Peay State University Library
    • Authors: Christopher Ross Bowron; Joseph E. Weber
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Christopher Ross Bowron, Joseph E. Weber

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T00:27:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.08.010
  • Enhancing Information Literacy Using Bernard Lonergan's Generalized
           Empirical Method: A Three-year Case Study in a First Year Biology Course
    • Authors: Lisa Rose-Wiles; Marian Glenn; Doreen Stiskal
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 August 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Lisa Rose-Wiles, Marian Glenn, Doreen Stiskal

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T00:25:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.08.012
  • Evaluation of an Embedded Program Through the Embedded Ecosystem Framework
           and Toolkit
    • Authors: Kim Mears; Maryśka Connolly-Brown; Julie K. Gaines; Lindsay Blake; Kathy Davies; Peter Shipman; Gail Kouame
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 August 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Kim Mears, Maryśka Connolly-Brown, Julie K. Gaines, Lindsay Blake, Kathy Davies, Peter Shipman, Gail Kouame
      This article provides a theoretical model for understanding embedded librarianship by introducing an Embedded Ecosystem Framework (EEF) and toolkit to evaluate the health of an embedded program in an academic setting. The toolkit measures the tangible services and the intangible relationships with users in embedded programs under the framework's four facets: Actions, Awareness, Perceptions, and Impact. The Actions facet is measured by traditional library reference metrics, while Awareness, Perception, and Impact measures such as program awareness, self-reported academic gains, or service satisfaction are measured by a survey as well as individual and class evaluations. Analysis of data trends can indicate gaps in services provided or utilization of services by specific user groups to encourage more active engagement with their communities. The toolkit is customizable to fit other embedded librarian programs.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T00:25:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.07.001
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