Journal Cover Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1752-4512 - ISSN (Online) 1752-4520
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Police Culture: Histories, Orthodoxies, and New Horizons
    • Authors: Cockcroft T.
      Pages: 229 - 235
      Abstract: The idea of police culture has dominated academic and practitioner debate for the past half century. This might appear, at one level, remarkable given the degree to which wider society, police organizations and policing itself has changed over this time. That said, the enduring appeal of police culture, as a concept, might be relatively straightforward to explain. The general principle of the concept, that specific yet informal values emerge among police officers and that these impact on how police work ‘gets done’, allow it to be applied to a broad range of areas of policing. It is, arguably, as relevant to contemporary debates about police education and training as it was to explaining police race relations in the 1980s. Furthermore, its popularity as a concept might also be explained by the fact that, for later iterations at least, it allows for the notion of cultural change. This idea, that it is possible to modify, mitigate, or reduce the culture and its impact, has done much to make the concept attractive to police leaders, rather than just academic audiences. In doing so, it also tells us much about the new social and managerial contexts against which (or through which) police organizations operate. Increasingly, and as the papers in this special issue illustrate, scholars continue to find that police culture provides a helpful tool with which to understand these complexities associated with 21st-century policing. Of interest here, however, has to be an understanding of how the context through which knowledge about police culture is generated has evolved over the last 50 years.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax029
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Power of Attitude: The Role of Police Culture and Receptivity of Risk
           Assessment Tools in IPV Calls
    • Authors: Ballucci D; Gill C, Campbell M.
      Pages: 242 - 257
      Abstract: AbstractPolice agencies are implementing risk tools in the case management of calls involving intimate partner violence (IPV). The successes of such strategies are reliant on police officers attitudes, knowledge, and perceptions of both risk tools and IPV. Our study focuses on how police view the importance of risk assessment in IPV cases using survey data, collected from police officers (N = 169) in the province of New Brunswick. The survey questionnaire contains over 160 questions, including a series of open-ended questions that ask police officers to describe the limitations and challenges to using risk assessment tools in IPV service calls. Using this qualitative data, we show that the support and resistance among police officers can be explained by both progressive and traditional attitudes towards police investigation techniques fostered in police culture. We conclude by discussing how training and understanding of assessment tools might help resolve the negative perceptions and attitudes.
      PubDate: 2017-04-16
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax018
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Discretion as an Obstacle: Police Culture, Change, and Governance in a
           Norwegian Context
    • Authors: Gundhus HI.
      Pages: 258 - 272
      Abstract: AbstractThe article analyse how the framing of police culture within two cases influence change within the police organization and lead to new measures through which to achieve police legitimacy and public acceptance. The first case is the overall police reform initiative in Norway, which is aimed at centralizing police districts and improving police operational methods. The second case is the reform of police control of migration through the intertwined use of immigration law and criminal law. The findings suggest that in both areas street-level police culture is portrayed as an obstacle to improvement of police legitimacy. Increased organizational control is put forward as the solution, which enables not only a more manageable organization, but also provides opportunities for improved achievement and success on a range of new performance indicators. Moreover, expanding the ways in which success can be measured, then serve to strengthen state legitimacy and reassert national sovereignty in times of perceived crises.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax012
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • From Indifference to Hostility: Police Officers, Organizational Responses
           and the Symbolic Value of ‘in-Service’ Higher Education in Policing
    • Authors: Hallenberg KM; Cockcroft T.
      Pages: 273 - 288
      Abstract: AbstractThe relationship between Higher Education (HE) and the knowledge and skill requirements of police officers remains a contentious policy area in England. This paper addresses experiences of 31 officers from a large urban force who have undertaken HE level study whilst in service. Overwhelmingly, officers reported a sense of indifference on the part of the organisation to their successful completion of an HE level educational programme. In addition, some participants experienced tokenistic acknowledgement of their achievement whilst others perceived outright hostility. In light of the findings we argue that, for the police organisation, there is a danger that the value of HE appears in its symbolic cultural capital rather than in the substantive knowledge and skills graduate officers could bring to the organisation and practice of policing. Moreover, the lack of structural and cultural integration has a detrimental effect on how officers with ‘in-service degrees view their work, career prospects and the organisation as a whole.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw055
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Police Culture and Gender: Revisiting the ‘Cult of
    • Authors: Silvestri M.
      Pages: 289 - 300
      Abstract: AbstractThe ‘cult of masculinity’ has received much attention as a persistent and negative feature of police culture, with its impacts repeatedly being drawn upon to make sense of women’s lack of progression and representation within policing. This article argues that such analyses remain locked into overly simplistic and reductionist accounts of how women and men experience gender within policing. In revisiting the ‘cult of masculinity’, this article assesses its utility as an explanatory tool in the 21st century. It explores alternative expressions of gender through an appreciation of the ways in which the concept of ‘time’ is embedded in the cultural set of understandings and belief systems about what it means to be a police officer and to do policing. In so doing, it enables a transgression of existing conceptualizations of the gendered nature of policing and of police culture.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw052
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Putting their Bodies on the Line: Police Culture and Gendered Physicality
    • Authors: Westmarland L.
      Pages: 301 - 317
      Abstract: AbstractThis paper looks at the way police officers talk about their bodies and reveals their beliefs about their colleagues’ abilities based on size, strength, and gender. It attempts to bring the study of ‘the body’ into the arena of police culture. Assumptions around front line policing being constantly fraught with danger, and requiring a strong, fit, and capable body are analysed by drawing upon data from an extensive period of ethnographic fieldwork. The officers’ highly sexualized and gendered notions of the body are discussed throughout the paper in terms of police culture. Their beliefs about force and strength—actual or imagined—and the ways in which the appearance of the body is important are analysed in terms of gendered policing. The way this is influenced by beliefs about bodies and occupational culture in policing more generally is examined in the light of certain tasks and activities.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax019
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Police Culture and Personal Identity in South Africa
    • Authors: Faull A.
      Pages: 332 - 345
      Abstract: AbstractPolicing is a product and producer of narratives. Drawing on data collected during an 8-month ethnography in the South African Police Service (SAPS), this article suggests that the SAPS and its organizational culture are best understood as the products of overlap and entanglement of three narrative spheres: the national (South Africa), organizational (SAPS) and personal (officer). Themes common to these narratives are a history of oppression, stark income inequality, the violent nature of its crime, and the general precarity of life. In this context, SAPS officers jostle with other South Africans to secure a better life for themselves and their kin, which in turn shapes police culture and practice. The combination of precarity and organizational and public performance pressures that police face, can produce police practices that echo apartheid era logics of space, place, and race.
      PubDate: 2017-04-21
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax016
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • A New Canteen Culture: The Potential to Use Social Media as Evidence in
    • Authors: Hesketh I; Williams E.
      Pages: 346 - 355
      Abstract: AbstractWhile the use of research in policing is not new (Reiner, 2010), there is currently a strong drive towards a more scientific research context to be applied to policing. This forms part of a wider professionalization agenda from the College of Policing. That said, the debate around what constitutes knowledge and evidence in policing is highly contested, as are the modes of data collection. This article proposes that the methods utilized by academic researchers should be dependent on the research question, and the nature of the phenomenon being explored. At a time when police morale is reportedly low (Hoggett et al., 2014; Weinfass, 2015) and officers are not typically willing to openly discuss their thoughts on the current state of policing, this article explores and posits a role for social media and police blogs as a method to capture practitioner experiences, thoughts, and perceptions of policing.The use of social media by police officers is experiencing a burgeoning interest throughout the service. Usage ebbs and flows in volume and popularity, and it seems this is ostensibly dependent on the interpretation of information through mainstream news channels. This ‘private’ space offers an anonymous forum for officers to voice their observations and concerns about contemporary policing issues. Notwithstanding, these forums provide researchers with a new opportunity to investigate key issues and challenges for policing (Wilkinson and Thelwall, 2012), or garner additional evidence to complement ongoing study.This article suggests that these private narratives offer both the research community and students of policing a new form of knowledge capture and creation, and one that allows insight into the changing nature of the policing sphere. This article explores and promotes both the importance and the implications of innovative practices in relation to the use of social media as police knowledge, offering two examples to support the proposition.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax025
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Backstage Storytelling and Leadership
    • Authors: van Hulst M.
      Pages: 356 - 368
      Abstract: AbstractThe backstage context of the police canteen has been identified as an important setting for officers to collectively give meaning to police work. This context is therefore of value to officers, police organizations, and their management. This article explores police storytelling during canteen breaks and the way frontline managers might position themselves during them. The empirical research at four police stations shows the differences and similarities across them. Break frequency and participation differ and storytelling very often focuses on work. Similar topics, interactional content, and dynamics were encountered at the stations. Finally, the four positions managers might occupy are presented and discussed: joining in, strict management, learning during breaks, and steering meaning.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax027
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Ana Muñiz (2015). Police, Power, and The Production of Racial
    • Authors: Webster C.
      Pages: 369 - 370
      Abstract: MuñizAna (2015). Police, Power, and The Production of Racial Boundaries. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN: 978-0-8135-69765 Paperback, £24.95. vii–ix + 137 pages
      PubDate: 2017-05-23
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax026
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2017)
  • Is Police Culture Cultural'
    • Authors: Reiner R.
      Pages: 236 - 241
      Abstract: AbstractThis paper briefly reviews the changing usage of the concept of police culture in studies of policing. It argues that what are regarded as the early classic studies in the field (which hardly used the term culture itself) analyzed the world-views of police officers are primarily shaped in a dialectical interaction with structural factors stemming from the police role. Some of these factors are intrinsic to policing in any circumstances, others vary between political economies, social and organizational forms, and general cultures.
      PubDate: 2016-12-05
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw046
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2016)
  • The Fluidity of ‘Police Culture’: Encountering the Contextual
           Complexity of Policing Street-Level Drug Use
    • Authors: Marks M; Howell S, Shelly S.
      Pages: 318 - 331
      Abstract: AbstractIn this article, we critically reflect on the use of the term ‘police culture’ in the literature on policing, using examples drawn from ethnographic research in Durban, South Africa, to question its analytical utility. We argue that the term often serves as a vehicle to express a number of normative presuppositions that serve to homogenize and oversimplify the complexity of day-to-day policing. Using examples of the street-level policing of illegal substances, we further argue that it does not capture the myriad of influences and pressures that may create the structural field in which the experiences of police officers are defined, and which serve to shape their understandings of themselves and others. Indeed, it may be that rather than providing a means of understanding policing, the term may serve to create artificial representations of policing, while masking potentially useful strategies that originate from the police themselves.
      PubDate: 2016-12-16
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw048
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2016)
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