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Journal Cover Archives and Museum Informatics
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1042-1467
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Letter from the Publisher
    • Authors: F. Robbert Van Berkelaer
      Pages: 209 - 209
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012257323735
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • The Opportunities and Challenges of Preservation Technologies
    • Authors: Ray A. Williamson
      Pages: 211 - 225
      Abstract: Abstract The pace of technology development in fields other than historic preservation has generally outstripped that of historic preservation, resulting in a predominant flow from those fields into historic preservation practice. This chapter summarizes some of the major trends in technology transfer and explores some of the issues that the increased use of advanced technologies brings to the practice of historic preservation. It also examines the relationship of the development of technologies for historic preservation to public policy.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012455131472
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Science-Based Dating Methods in Historic Preservation
    • Authors: R. E. Taylor
      Pages: 227 - 247
      Abstract: Abstract The use of science-based dating methods in historic preservation contexts represents a specialized use of dating method technologies more broadly employed in prehistoric archaeological studies. This discussion focuses attention on the applications of the radiocarbon, dendrochronology, obsidian hydration, and archaeomagnetic dating in historic preservation. The employment of various analytical and technical approaches — of which chronometric resolution is only one aspect — in elucidating and extending descriptive observations is advancing more broadly-based and insightful understandings of the elements of the cultural patrimony of our nation.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012419025537
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Nondestructive Testing of Historic Structures
    • Authors: Richard A. Livingston
      Pages: 249 - 271
      Abstract: Abstract Nondestructive testing (NDT) of historic structures can be used for architectural archaeology, structural stability analysis, or materials characterization. Four types of physical probes are available: sound, penetrating radiation, visible light, and electromagnetism. Each of these can be utilized in several ways. Additional options involve hybrid techniques that combine probe methods. Widespread application in architectural conservation depends upon overcoming institutional barriers including the lack of standardization, fragmented decision-making, and restrictive contracting procedures that do not take into account the benefits of NDT.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012416309607
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Technologies for Wood Preservation in Historic Preservation
    • Authors: Joseph R. Loferski
      Pages: 273 - 290
      Abstract: Abstract Because of the abundant forests of the world, wood is one of the most common materials found in historic buildings. Wood is relatively easy to fabricate into beams, columns, and roof systems using simple hand tools. However, because of its biological origin, wood is one of the most complex constructions materials. It is produced by thousands of different species of trees, and each type of wood has unique properties. Wood has an affinity for moisture and this can lead to biological deterioration caused by insects and decay fungi. This chapter presents information on understanding and preventing the mechanisms of wood deterioration in historic buildings. The chapter includes a discussion of wood preservation and technology, including wood finishes and wood preservative treatments, diffusible preservatives, and naturally durable wood species. A brief discussion about the repair of deteriorated timbers in buildings is also included.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012468326445
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Conservation of Cultural Materials from Underwater Sites
    • Authors: Donny L. Hamilton
      Pages: 291 - 323
      Abstract: Abstract Underwater archaeology is the only branch of field archaeology that is dependent upon the conservation laboratory for its ultimate success. In fact, in underwater archaeology the activities of the conservation laboratory are considered to be a continuation of the field excavations with the recording of basic data along with the stabilization, preservation, and study of the recovered material being major objectives. Commonly used procedures for conserving ceramics, glass, bone, ivory, wood, leather, and the various metals are discussed. Observation and insights are presented on the applicability of the different processes for conserving various materials.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012420510516
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Geographic Information Systems in Historic Preservation
    • Authors: W. Fredrick Limp
      Pages: 325 - 340
      Abstract: Abstract Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are a rapidly developing suite of computer based technologies that allow the storage, manipulation, display and integration of a wide range of spatially based data. This chapter reviews some of the more significant applications of these technologies in archaeology and historic preservation and suggests future trends. It is arguably the case that space and time are the two central dimensions of our record of the past. Science has fundamentally influenced our understanding of this record through the development and improvement of ways to measure and understand time. GIS and related methodologies present methodologies that are improving our abilities to measure and understand space.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012472528263
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • The Use of Computers in Cultural Resource Management
    • Authors: John H. Myers
      Pages: 341 - 357
      Abstract: Abstract This chapter discusses computer software applications in the Cultural Resource Management field. It outlines some of the major areas of the field where computer applications may be productive, and discusses the nature of software development in the historic preservation field. Specific applications are identified and discussed in four areas: building support, archaeology, collections management, and multiple resource management. Each application is reviewed for its purpose, developer, technical basis and status.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012428712333
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Cultural Resource Management in Context
    • Authors: Ruthann Knudson
      Pages: 359 - 381
      Abstract: Abstract In the United States, much of historic preservation is carried out in a framework of cultural resource management. Cultural resource management is increasingly being conducted as heritage management in the larger context of ecosystem management or ecological stewardship. Cultural resources are an important factor in the human environment, and must be managed in the context of all other biological, social, and geophysical elements in that environment or ecosystem. Good environmental stewardship requires affirmative resource management, including management of our tangible and intangible cultural resources. Many scientists are involved in cultural resource management, either directly or indirectly and either consciously or unconsciously. There is increased public awareness of the value of cultural resources, and their protection involves the knowledgeable and caring collaboration of resource specialists (e.g., anthropologists, archaeologists, architects, archivists, engineers, folklorists, historians), material scientists, decision-making land managers, and the living community with ties to the heritage resources. This in turn involves each participating community and individual (including the scientists) managing the interfaces among themselves. This is done by learning something about (and learning to appreciate) other groups' values and special languages and their operating constraints and opportunities, and about the overall public benefits and costs of cultural resource management decisions.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012480729171
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Technologies for In-Place Protection and Long-Term Conservation of
           Archaeological Sites
    • Authors: Paul R. Nickens
      Pages: 383 - 405
      Abstract: Abstract In situ preservation of archaeological sites has long been a concern for archaeologists. In recent years, considerable effort has been expended to identify appropriate technologies from other disciplines that are suitable for field implementation to protect sites that are experiencing various physical and human-caused impacts. This chapter provides an overview of many of these technologies, along with examples of application, and covers aspects related to management guidelines for addressing in situ preservation issues.
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1012432830080
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Volume Contents
    • Pages: 407 - 409
      PubDate: 1999-09-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1016618815081
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3%2F4 (1999)
  • Cultural Heritage Informatics: Selected Papers from ichim99
    • Authors: David Bearman; Jennifer Trant
      Pages: 79 - 82
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1016608320353
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (1999)
  • About the Authors
    • Pages: 199 - 202
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1016631808967
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (1999)
  • Cultural Heritage and Technologies in the Third Millenium: ICHIM 2001
    • Pages: 203 - 208
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1016679724896
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (1999)
  • Eitorial: Annotating the Illusion
    • Authors: J. Trant
      Pages: 97 - 99
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1009052305594
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (1999)
  • Zapping the Archives: Hypermedia and Anna Oppermann's
           “Embraces” Ensemble
    • Authors: Steve Dietz
      Pages: 101 - 105
      Abstract: Abstract Artist Anna Oppermann's ''Ensemble'' installations provide the viewer multiple paths of discovery to/from her ''association-triggering-objects.'' Hypermedia is the best tool and process to represent not only Oppermann's work but much artifactual knowledge as a compelling digital experience.
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1009093908137
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (1999)
  • Review of Museums and the Web 1998: Proceedings
    • Authors: Jeremy Rees Rees
      Pages: 151 - 156
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1009036718441
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (1999)
  • Review of Encyclopédie de l’art moderne et contemporain
    • Authors: James G. Rogers; Jr.
      Pages: 157 - 162
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1009004632601
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (1999)
  • IV'98 Visualising Information: Commentary
    • Authors: Ebad Banissi
      Pages: 163 - 166
      Abstract: Abstract To see is to know to visualise information is to decide with knowledge. Visualising and understanding enables us to closer to knowledge discovery. The technology based on visual and analytical processes developed in various disciplines ranging from science to art and humanities. Limited examples such as scientific visualisation, data mining, statistics and machine learning that handle very large, multidimensional, multi-variant data set are available in practical domains. Information Visualisation is based on the methodology that characterises structure to de displayed, human perceptual power to detect patterns exceptions, trends, relationships and imperfections. Information Visualisation, IV-Series, aims to promote the theme that links Data-Information-Knowledge.
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1009056422432
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (1999)
  • List of Contributors
    • Pages: 167 - 169
      PubDate: 1999-06-01
      DOI: 10.1023/a:1017260221524
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (1999)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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