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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted by number of followers
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 313)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 138)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 133)
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 129)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 128)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 91)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
IET Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronics Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Aerospace Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Machine Learning with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Advanced Electronics and Communication Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Superconductivity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Power Electronic Devices and Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sensors International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
e-Prime : Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ACS Applied Electronic Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ural Radio Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Automatika : Journal for Control, Measurement, Electronics, Computing and Communications     Open Access  
npj Flexible Electronics     Open Access  
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access  
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access  
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access  
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access  
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Open Access  
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.233
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5869 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5877
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Miniaturized Wide Scanning Angle Phased Array Using EBG Structure for 5G
           Applications

    • Abstract: This article presents a miniaturized wide-angle scanning phased array for fifth-generation (5G) application. A subarray of two closely packed patch antennas on electromagnetic bandgap structure (EBG) ground with the operating bandwidth of 26–29 GHz is used as the basic module of the linear array, which contains four equally spaced subarrays. The existence of the EBG ground enables the array to be compact in size (3.2 × 0.6 × 0.12λL3), yet the mutual coupling between each element can reach to more than 22 dB within the whole band of interest. The EBG structures also contribute to the wide element radiation pattern of the aperiodic array and consequently the wide scanning angle performance of the array. The range of the main beam scan with EBG structure can reach from −70° to 70° with more than 6 dB side lobe levels (SLLs) at 26.5 GHz with 3 dBi scanning gain loss. This proposed method enabling the array to be compact and wide in scanning angle is very attractive for 5G mobile terminal applications.
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Dec 2022 01:50:01 +000
       
  • Analysis of Shielding Effectiveness of the Cavity Built with Single-Layer
           Reinforced Concrete

    • Abstract: In view of the existing literature mainly studying the situation of infinite reinforced concrete structure, the shielding effectiveness of three-dimensional single-layer reinforced concrete cavity is studied by considering the structural parameters of steel and the electromagnetic parameters of the concrete. The influence of structure parameters of steel mesh size, the steel diameter, and electromagnetic parameters of concrete dielectric coefficient, conductivity and moisture content on shielding effectiveness of reinforced concrete are analyzed. The research shows that the shielding effectiveness of the reinforced concrete cavity structure has resonance characteristics, and the increase of concrete conductivity and moisture content weaken the resonance characteristics of it so that the shielding effectiveness of the reinforced structure is improved. The results of this paper have a reference value for the analysis of shielding effectiveness of the single-layer reinforced concrete cavity in different practical situations.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Dec 2022 05:20:01 +000
       
  • A Next-Generation Codebook Evolution Strategy for Massive Arrays Using
           Deep Neurals Networks

    • Abstract: The discrete Fourier transform (DFT)-based codebook is currently among the mostly commonly adopted codebooks for beamforming using arrays of different shapes and sizes, including the large-scale two-dimensional uniform planar array (UPA). DFT-based codevectors can be easily generated in arbitrary angle resolutions and apply well to millimeter-wave (mmWave) channels due to their directive nature of resulting beams. However, a fixed set of codevectors is applied regardless of the user distributions and the propagation environment, which may exhibit limited beamforming performance under certain transmission scenarios. In this paper, we propose a new way of generating a set of beamforming vectors for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission using massive arrays under the limited feedback of the channel state information (CSI). Precoder matrix indicator (PMI) and channel quality indicator (CQI) reports from the users have become the sources for the generation of a new set of codevectors, which are autonomously determined by the deep learning (DL) module at the base station (BS). The process is operated in an iterative fashion to produce updated versions of the codebook with the reduced return of the loss function at the deep neural network (DNN). The time-varying codebook for each BS automatically reflects the characteristics of a given wireless environment to adapt to its channel and traffic conditions. The reference signal (RS) at the BS is periodically transmitted in the form of beamformed CSI-RS, thus the operation is transparent to the users of the system and no significant specification changes are necessary. A simple plug-and-play type of BS installation suffices to achieve the potential gain of the proposal, which is demonstrated by the implementation details of the DL engine and the corresponding performance simulation results.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Nov 2022 08:05:00 +000
       
  • Wideband Circularly Polarized Microstrip-Slot Antenna with Parasitic
           Ground Planes

    • Abstract: In this study, a new stacked microstrip slot antenna (MSA) with wideband circular polarization (CP) characteristics is proposed. The antenna consists of a square-loop feed configuration, four parasitic square patches, four parasitic vertical planes, and a square ground plane etched with four parasitic square slots. The corner-cut square-loop can excite a stable 270° phase difference by loading an arc-shaped strip into the square-loop. Square-patches, vertical planes, and square slots as parasitic elements are placed together at the side of the square-loop to stimulate two CP resonant points. Simulation and measurement are performed on the designed antenna prototype to demonstrate the design’s rationality. The measured results depict that the measured impedance bandwidth (IBW) for |S11| 
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Nov 2022 08:05:04 +000
       
  • Progress and Challenges in Electromechanical Coupling of Radio Telescopes

    • Abstract: Radio astronomy is a discipline of dynamics and wonders. The vast universe has many secrets to unravel. As one of the important facilities in this discipline, radio telescopes play a key role in collecting astronomical data and unraveling mysteries. With the demand of radio astronomy for a higher frequency, wider bandwidth, higher gain, and higher pointing accuracy, the aperture of the radio telescope is gradually increasing, and its electrical performance and structure have become tightly coupled. Therefore, how to ensure the stable and efficient operation of the telescope for the long-term operation has become the urgent demand for large aperture high-performance radio telescopes. Therefore, this paper firstly makes a comparison of the overall condition of large radio telescopes in nearly a decade that are both constructed and operated, including the progress of radio telescopes that are being constructed and the planning for construction. Then, systematically summarized the latest research progress of electromechanical coupling technology from 3 aspects of connotation and application of electromechanical coupling, and performance guarantee under slowly varying load and performance guarantee under rapidly varying load from the perspectives of design, manufacturing, and observation operating. Lastly, the future research direction of electromechanical coupling technology is pointed out according to the development trend of radio astronomy.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Nov 2022 08:05:01 +000
       
  • A High-Efficiency Microstrip Antenna Pair with Similar Pi-Shaped
           Decoupling Structure for 3.5 GHz 5G Ultrathin Smartphones

    • Abstract: In this paper, a low profile and high-efficiency decoupling antenna pair for multiunit smartphones is proposed using a similar π-shaped feed structure that can excite the dipole radiation mode of microstrip antenna. Ordinarily, symmetrical single-port T-shaped microstrip antennas can only excite monopole modes of bilateral radiation. This paper changes the vertical feeding microstrip structure into two oblique, similar π-shaped feeding structures. This oblique feeding structure can excite the dipole mode of unilateral radiation of the microstrip antenna. Using this method, the antenna design can be simplified, and the low-coupling independent radiation on both sides of the microstrip antenna can be freely controlled without the need for additional structures. Considering the ultra-thin characteristics of 5G smartphone devices, the parameters of the antenna are further optimized: the optimized antenna profile is only 3.7 mm. The measured results show that the 2 × 2 microstrip antenna pairs can effectively cover the 3.5 GHz band (3.4–3.6 GHz), with a coupling that varies from −16.14 dB to −11.01 dB and an efficiency that varies from 80% to 94.1%. The 8 × 8 MIMO smartphone antenna results show that the coupling varies from −20.1 dB to −12.17 dB, the efficiency varies from 79.72% to 93.7%, and the envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) is lower than 0.05. The microstrip antenna decoupling pair with a similar π-shaped feed structure proposed in this paper has high efficiency and low-profile characteristics have important application value in the decoupling design of 3.5 GHz 5G ultra-thin smartphone antennas.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Nov 2022 07:20:02 +000
       
  • Optimum Synthesis of Pencil Beams with Constrained Dynamic Range Ratio

    • Abstract: In antenna array design, low dynamic range ratio (DRR) of excitation coefficients is important because it simplifies array’s feeding network and enables better control of mutual coupling. Optimization-based synthesis of pencil beams allows explicit control of DRR. However, incorporating DRR into an optimization problem leads to nonconvex constraints, making its solving challenging. In this paper, a framework for global optimization of linear pencil beams with constrained DRR is presented. By using this framework, the methods for synthesis of pencil beams with minimum sidelobe level and minimum sidelobe power are developed. Both methods utilize convex problems suitable for the synthesis of pencil beams whose coefficients’ signs are known in advance. By incorporating these problems into a branch and bound algorithm, the procedures for global optimizations are formed which systematically search the space of all coefficient signs. The method for minimization of sidelobe power is further analyzed in the context of beam efficiency. It is shown that this method can be utilized in an approximate and at the same time global design of pencil beam arrays with maximum beam efficiency and constrained DRR. Based on this approach, a method for the design of pencil beam arrays with minimum DRR and specified beam efficiency is proposed.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Nov 2022 11:05:04 +000
       
  • A Wideband Eight-Element MIMO Antenna Array in 5G NR n77/78/79 and
           WLAN-5GHz Bands for 5G Smartphone Applications

    • Abstract: In this paper, a wideband eight-element multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna array for 5G smartphone applications is presented. Each antenna is composed of a dual-arm tortuous monopole radiating element with a double-stub tuner and an open slot on the ground plane. Tuning stub microstrip lines are utilized to improve impedance matching. The operating bandwidth of the single antenna element is from 3200 to 6000 MHz with three resonant frequencies. The operating bandwidth covers the 5G new radio (NR) bands (n77/n78/n79) and the WLAN-5GHz band. The isolation of the proposed MIMO antenna array is above 10 dB in the entire operating band without any isolation elements. Furthermore, the proposed MIMO array was manufactured and measured. The measured results validate that the MIMO antenna array has a wide 6-dB impedance bandwidth from 3.2 to 6 GHz and the isolations are all more than 10 dB. The total efficiency ranges from 38% to 83%. The above results show that this MIMO antenna array can support 5G applications in smartphones.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Nov 2022 10:50:02 +000
       
  • Design of a W-Band Dielectric Phase Shifter Based on Liquid Crystal

    • Abstract: In this paper, a W band (75–110 GHz) phase shifter based on the liquid crystal of continuous tunability and the three-electrode bias network of excellent electrical manipulation is designed. Taking Rexolite 1422 as the transmission dielectric, in which slots are dug and filled with liquid crystal. The voltage is regulated by the electrode bias network, and then the liquid crystal dielectric constant is changed to realize phase shift. The measured results show that the phase shift of the liquid crystal dielectric phase shifter can be up to 440° through the electrical control of the bias electrode network, which surpasses many designed phase shifters. In the whole W band, the insert loss is about 3 dB and the return loss is almost over 10 dB, emerging excellent matching.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 14:20:00 +000
       
  • A Novel Universal Applicability Design Method for Low Cross-Polarization
           Terahertz Tri-Reflector CATR

    • Abstract: In this paper, a novel design approach with universal applicability is proposed for realizing a low cross-polarized terahertz tri-reflector compact antenna test range (CATR). This approach not only enables the radiation direction of the feed relative to the main reflector to be designed arbitrarily but also enables the designed CATR systems corresponding to different feed rotation angles while still maintaining a low cross-polarization. By using the beam mode analysis method and cross-polarization elimination conditions, the geometric configurations of the tri-reflector CATR can be designed for feeds in any different rotation angles, and then according to the kinematic and dynamic ray-tracing method with frequency independence in geometric optics, shaped subreflectors can also be synthesized. Through the above design procedure, four tri-reflector CATRs corresponding to four different feed rotation angles have been achieved, respectively. Numerical simulation results show that the cross-polarizations of four tri-reflector CATRs are all less than –38 dB and the peak-to-peak amplitude (phase) ripples of the quiet zone (QZ) are all within 1 dB (10°) in the frequency range of 100–500 GHz. This demonstrates the effectiveness and universal applicability of the proposed design method in realizing the design of low cross-polarization and good QZ performance for tri-reflector CATRs with different feed rotation angles.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 13:50:00 +000
       
  • A Novel Filtering Power Divider Based on Ring Resonator

    • Abstract: In this paper, a compact dual-band filtering power divider (FPD) combined by conventional Wilkinson power divider and dual-mode resonators is proposed. The resonators submitting the quarter wavelength transmission line can act as a filter. The proposed resonator is composed of two cascading symmetrical ring branches connected to the ground in the middle. The inter-digital coupling structure constitutes the feed lines of the band-pass filter (BPF) operating at 2.45/5.8 G. The resonator with symmetrical structure is analyzed by the odd-even mode method in detail. The two resonant frequencies can be adjusted by the length of the stub separately. In addition, two isolation resistors are placed at proper position for ensuring the isolation effect. The proposed FPD is fabricated for verifying simulation results, and good agreements between the simulated and measured results are achieved here.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 12:20:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of Induced Current on Power Transmission Lines for the
           Reradiation Interference in Medium Wave Based on Characteristic Modes

    • Abstract: The reradiation interference from power transmission lines (PTL) on the adjacent wireless stations is directly caused by the induced current on metal parts, which means the interference could be suppressed by reducing the induced current. In order to effectively analyze the induced current of PTL, a method for analyzing induced current on PTL based on characteristic modes is proposed combining MoM with intrinsic modes. This method breaks through the traditional antenna resonance theory proposed by IEEE and could effectively avoid model equivalent defects and frequency limitations of traditional methods. Firstly, a generalized characteristic equation about the characteristic mode currents of PTL is constructed, and the numerical solutions of the characteristic mode currents are obtained by the idea of a discrete solution. Then, through the weighted orthogonal relationship between different characteristic mode currents, the expansion coefficients of the characteristic mode currents are obtained; finally, combined with the Poynting theorem, the physical meaning of the expansion coefficients and their related quantities are explained from the perspective of energy and the analysis of the induced current is realized from the physical level. The results of the example analysis show that the error between the peak frequencies of the induced current calculated by the method in this paper and the peak frequencies calculated by MoM does not exceed 2.46% and the method in this paper can well explain the disappearance of the “double wavelength loop resonance frequency” under the excitation of a vertically polarized plane wave.
      PubDate: Fri, 11 Nov 2022 05:35:01 +000
       
  • A Fast and Efficient Beamforming Algorithm Imitating Plant Growth Gene for
           Phased Array Antenna

    • Abstract: In this paper, a new beamforming algorithm for phased array antennas is proposed, the plant growth gene algorithm. The algorithm consists of three steps. Firstly, according to the excitation relation of the array unit before and after the local fine-tuning of the antenna radiation pattern, the model for solving the array unit excitation difference is established. Secondly, the Taylor series expansion is used to solve the model, and the growth model is established based on this, and the beam tuning network is designed to realize the growth model. Finally, based on the growth gene obtained by the neural network algorithm, the growth model is called multiple times for high-precision beamforming. This algorithm converts the complex optimization process of array antenna excitation by the classical optimization algorithm into a simple process of fine-tuning the gain at any angle on the beam to make it grow and approach the target pattern. The growth gene is used to weigh the target angle and gain to achieve beamforming, which greatly reduces the complexity of the algorithm and improves its accuracy of the algorithm. Taking a 1 × 16 linear array as an example, a cosecant square beam pattern with a coverage range of −31° to 31° and a maximum gain direction of 17° is designed using the algorithm proposed in this paper. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can easily fine-tune the gain of any angle to achieve precise beamforming. Importantly, the growth genes trained by the algorithm are universal to the phased array antenna with the same topology.
      PubDate: Fri, 04 Nov 2022 15:50:01 +000
       
  • Design a Multistub Array Antenna at 28 GHz with Beam Switching
           Ability

    • Abstract: In this paper, a Millimeter Wave antenna is designed which has a compact, lightweight and planar configuration. The frequency band is 27–29.5 GHz as a candidate band for 5G/millimeter Wave (mmW) systems. The antenna structure is similar to Quasi Yagi antenna which has driver, director, feeding part, and reflector. Substrate Integrated Waveguide used for feeding part of single element antenna and Wilkinson power divider used for antenna array feeding network. The proposed antenna has been simulated, fabricated, and measured (S11, E, and H pattern). The simulation and measurement values showed good similarity. The switched line phase shifter used to consider the beam steering (rotation) ability of the designed antenna which is important in (mmW) systems such as RADARs and mobile handsets. To evaluate this ability, for ,,, and phase differences, the beam steering angle () simulated and also for and implemented. The results showed that the efficiency, S11, and E patterns in the rotated beam is suitable and without degradation in antenna operation. To simulate and evaluate the designed antenna HFSS and CST Software are used.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 13:50:00 +000
       
  • Improvement in the Gain of UWB Antenna for GPR Applications by Using
           Frequency-Selective Surface

    • Abstract: In this article, high-gain ultra-wideband (UWB) monopole antenna is presented. The UWB monopole antenna is a semicircular-shaped antenna with a semicircular slot at the top side. The bottom plane consists of partial ground with triangular and rectangular slotted structures to improve the impedance bandwidth of the proposed antenna. In order to enhance gain, a metallic reflector (FSS) is placed below the antenna. The performance of the offered design is validated experimentally. The simulated results show resemblance with the measured results. The antenna resonates for the UWB ranging from 3 to 11 GHz. Moreover, the integration of FSS improves the average gain by 4 dB, where peak gain obtained is 8.3 dB across the UWB. In addition, the reported unit cell having dimension of gives wide bandwidth (7.2 GHz) from 3.3 GHz to 10.5 GHz. The performance of the proposed antenna determines its suitability for the modern day wireless UWB and GPR applications.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Oct 2022 06:50:01 +000
       
  • A Novel Interrupted-Sampling Repeater Jamming Suppression Method Based on
           Time-Frequency Analysis and Target Sparse Reconstruction

    • Abstract: Interrupted-sampling repeater jamming (ISRJ) is a new kind of coherent jamming for linear frequency modulation (LFM) signals. Based on digital radio frequency memory (DRFM), ISRJ can generate multiple false target groups by intercepting, storing, and retransmitting radar signal fragments, which significantly affects the postprocessing results of radar systems. Furthermore, due to the fragment interception of ISRJ, ISRJ false targets present a regular and discontinuous time-frequency (TF) distribution in contrast with real targets. Considering this intrinsic property and the coherent nature of ISRJ, this study proposes a new method based on TF analysis and target sparse reconstruction to address the ISRJ suppression issue. In this method, the echo signal is first sparsely represented to obtain both the real and false target positions. Then, according to the acquired target positions, information entropy features of targets are extracted in TF data for subsequent target identification. Finally, guided by the identification result, the real targets can be retained and reconstructed by adaptive filtering in the sparse domain to realize ISRJ suppression. Simulations have validated the effectiveness of the proposed method under various situations.
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Oct 2022 08:05:01 +000
       
  • Impact of Various Wearability Conditions on the Performances of
           Meander-Line Z-Shaped Embroidered Antenna

    • Abstract: The field of wearable computing technology describes the future of electronic systems being an integral part of our everyday clothing with various enhanced functionalities. The present work is aimed at making closer steps towards the real wearability of electronics using textiles. We designed a fully-textile meander line Z–shaped monopole antenna for radio-frequency (RF) harvesting and for short-range communication purposes in the body-area network for various wearable applications. The target antenna was designed in the Ansys HFSS software tool and fabricated on a single-layer cotton textile using silver conductive threads and an embroidery technique. The antenna was characterized using a vector network analyzer (VNA), and the selected design was found to be nearly invariant under different deployment conditions. Antenna performance was studied by measuring the return loss while the antenna was in close proximity to the human body, or under various bending scenarios and/or wet conditions with sweat. The simulated return loss was −20.36 dB at an operating frequency of 1.62 GHz, and the measured return loss for the fabricated antenna was −19.45 dB at 1.6275 GHz with a −10 dB bandwidth of 100 MHz (i.e., 1.58 GHz to 1.68 GHz), and a fractional bandwidth of 6.17%. The results of this study are very important for the design of future wearable antennas in the new concept of the Internet of bodies.
      PubDate: Tue, 25 Oct 2022 10:35:00 +000
       
  • Coplanar Discontinuous Transmission Line Feed for Phase Gradient
           Metasurface Antenna Phase

    • Abstract: The aim of this study is to efficiently excite the radiation of phase gradient metasurface (PGM), a novel coplanar discontinuous transmission line feed is proposed for reduction of the profile, where 12 uniform discontinuous rectangular rings form the feeding structure. The unit cells of PGM are symmetrically placed on both sides of this feed structure at the same layer, and they are close enough. The measurements agree well with those of simulations in the range of 10.48–11.18 GHz.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Oct 2022 11:05:00 +000
       
  • Generation Mechanism and Characteristic Analysis of Dual-Frequency
           Pseudo-Signal Interference of the Swept-Frequency Radar

    • Abstract: In order to master the law of the pseudo-signal interference effect of dual-frequency electromagnetic radiation in typical radar equipment, a certain type of Ku-band swept-frequency ranging radar was used as the test object to carry out single-frequency continuous wave and dual-frequency continuous wave pseudo-signal interference effect experiments. Through experiments, it is found that dual-frequency electromagnetic radiation will cause “hill” and “spike” type pseudo-signal interference to the swept-frequency radar. Based on the frequency analysis of the radar receiving circuit, the interference mechanism of the dual-frequency pseudo-signal is revealed, and the morphological characteristics and distance law of the pseudo-signal are explained. The variation law of the pseudo-signal level with interference field strength is obtained. The results show that the in-band dual-frequency nonintermodulation interference is similar to the single-frequency interference, and the only difference is that the number of pseudo-signals increases; when the interference frequency difference is about 400∼600 MHz, the out-of-band dual-frequency second-order intermodulation signal will cause “hill” type pseudo-signal interference, and the pseudo-signal distance is random; when the interference frequency difference is less than 5 MHz, both the dual-frequency second-order intermodulation signal and the third-order intermodulation signal will cause “spike” pseudo-signal interference inside and outside the radar operating frequency band; the pseudo-signal distance is fixed.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Oct 2022 08:05:01 +000
       
  • Accurate Empirical Path Loss Models with Route Classification for mmWave
           Communications

    • Abstract: This paper presents accurate empirical path loss models with route classification for the high band frequency of 5 G wireless. Propagation path routes are mainly classified into line of sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS). The NLOS routes are classified into 2 separate routes, namely, Hard_NLOS and Soft_NLOS. Their path loss models include free-space loss (Lfs) and multiscreen diffraction loss (Lmsd) together with the reflection from the building blocks. However, these NLOS routes can be combined into a single formula. The path loss models were fitted with measured path loss data at frequencies of 28 GHz and 73 GHz. These models are compared with four 5G empirical models, namely 5GCM, 3GPP, METIS, and mmMAGIC. The results show that the separated route models provide good agreement, especially for the hard routes compared with those models and provide the minimum MAE of 4.45 dB, 4.34 dB, and 6.72 dB for the hard route, soft route, and an all-NLOS route, respectively, for the dual-band frequency.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Oct 2022 05:35:00 +000
       
  • A Low-Profile Dual-Band Directional Antenna for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
           Applications

    • Abstract: A low-profile dual-band directional antenna operating at both 2.4 and 5 GHz for wireless local area networks (WLANs) for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) applications is proposed in the paper. Two pairs of dipole antenna arrays with different electrical lengths are utilized to achieve dual-band directional radiation performance, which is desirable for a remote-control unit of the UAVs. Note that the directional radiation characteristic is obtained according to the double-dipole antennas driven by antiphase signals (W8JK), provided the distances between different dipole antennas are properly optimized. Note that the distance between the two longer dipoles, as well as the two shorter dipoles, can be calculated by equations. For each pair of dipoles with equal electrical lengths, an antiphase along the two dipoles can be obtained, and directional radiation characteristics can be achieved in the dual band. Coplanar strips (CPS) are employed as feeding networks, which lie on the same substrate layer as the antenna arrays, resulting in a low profile of merely 0.762 mm. Also, the overall size of the antenna together with the feeding network is 58.42 × 32.58 × 0.762 mm3. To verify the performance of the proposed antenna, a prototype is fabricated and measured. The measured gain is 5.2 and 7.0 dBi, respectively, in the 2.4 and 5.8 GHz bands. The measured reflection coefficients as well as radiation patterns are consistent with those of the simulated results. The proposed antenna scheme can be a good candidate for UAV applications with the advantages of a lower profile, dual-band characteristics, directional radiation characteristics, and a simple assembly. Since the remote-control unit operates at 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz to control the UAV unit, the low-profile dual-band directional radiation antenna has extensive application prospects when integrated into the space-limited unit.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Oct 2022 07:20:01 +000
       
  • Guiding and Leakage Dispersion Characteristic of TM01Mode in a Circular
           Dielectric Rod

    • Abstract: Open dielectric waveguide structures such as circular dielectric rods can be used as antennas by leaking energy in the transverse direction or as guiding structures with low loss in integrated circuits at different frequency ranges. It is essential to understand electromagnetic wave behavior in different frequency regions such as reactive mode region, leaky-wave or antenna mode region, and guided mode region. In this study, it is aimed to assimilate the electromagnetic phenomenon for open dielectric structure by showing the overlapping between the analytic solutions and the simulation results of the TM01 mode of the circular dielectric rod. The analytic solutions for leaky-wave modes have been obtained using the coefficients matrix of the system of characteristic equations of the structure and Davidenko’s method. The field distributions and the scattering parameters have been obtained in CST microwave studio software. The outcomes obtained in the study presented the overlapping between the analytical results and the simulations. The simulation results show the leakage starts end of the reactive mode region where the electromagnetic energy reflects to the feed line, and the electromagnetic energy leaks at the leaky-wave/antenna mode region, and the leakage decreases at the guided mode region as much as it can be neglected while the frequency increases.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Oct 2022 05:20:01 +000
       
  • Internet of Things-Based Smart and Connected Supply Chain: A Review

    • Abstract: In the era of the Internet of Things (IoT) and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), elements along the supply chain can be connected to one another to offer tracking capabilities. The information obtained from an always connected and working supply chain is then incorporated into the simulations of the virtual world (digital twin). This allows for an instantaneous simulation of the environment at any point in time and better, more optimized, and quicker decisions are made based on the results. This translates into more performance and a stronger competitive advantage. This paper will examine the main concepts surrounding the supply chain from the perspective of digitalization. In this paper, we will take a closer look at the main concepts related to the supply chain in light of digitalization.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 08:50:01 +000
       
  • A New Approach for Calculation of Metamaterial Printed Fractal Antenna
           Using Galerkin’s Method

    • Abstract: This work provides a new approach for computing the impedance of a proposed multiband printed fractal antenna for wireless applications. Galerkin’s method is applied to deduce the impedance relationship of the proposed structure and then compute the return loss verses frequency by converting the impedance matrix of the proposed antenna [Z] to the scattering matrix [S]. This model is developed in order to study the impedance of the proposed antenna after adding a metamaterial structure in the antenna substrate. The obtained model is able to determine the resonant frequencies and the return loss of the proposed antenna. The model is also able to define the changes in these values when the dimensions of the proposed structure change. The proposed antenna provides multiband wireless applications in the (1–10) GHz frequency band, and the return loss of the proposed fractal antenna has been improved using negative permittivity and negative permeability metamaterial structure.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Oct 2022 13:35:01 +000
       
  • A Cloud-Structured Fractal Multiband Antenna for 4G/5G/WLAN/Bluetooth
           Applications

    • Abstract: This study proposes a multiband printed planar antenna with cloud-like grooves. The outer contour of the antenna is shaped like a cloud, and the groove-like pattern is similar to the cloud-like pattern in ancient China. It can support 3G, 4G, 5G, WLAN, Bluetooth, WiMAX, and other applications. Based on the traditional monopole antenna, the antenna combines the advantages of a coplanar waveguide. The antenna uses an Archimedes helix to create grooves that resemble ancient Chinese cloud structures. Three effective frequency bands are obtained. The relative bandwidth of the first frequency band (1.8–2.6 GHz) is 32.7%, covering 5G band n2 (1.85 GHz–1.99 GHz), WCDMA (1.9–2.17 GHz), LTE33-41 (1.9–2.69 GHz), Bluetooth (2.4–2.48 GHz), WLAN (2.4–2.48 GHz), LTE Band40 (2.3–2.4 GHz), ISM Band (2.42–2.4835 GHz), WiMAX (2.3 GHz), and SCDMA (1.88–2.025 GHz and 2.3–2.4 GHz). The second frequency band (3.35–4.1 GHz) has a relative bandwidth of 20.5%, covering LTE42/43 (3.4–3.8 GHz) and 5G band n78 (3.4 GHz–3.8 GHz). The relative bandwidth of the third band (5.5–7.9 GHz) is 40.3%, covering Emergency and Public Protection (5.85 GHz–5.925 GHz) (WRC03). The antenna is printed on a G10/FR4 dielectric board with a size of , the dielectric constant is 4.4, and the omnidirectional radiation pattern gain is 0.59–4.14 dBi. The measurement results are in good agreement with the simulation results. The proposed design method is verified to meet the requirements of various wireless applications.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 15:50:01 +000
       
  • New Choke Ring Design for Eliminating Multipath Effects in the GNSS System

    • Abstract: An anti-multipath antenna is an antenna that can effectively suppress multipath signals from the source of signal reception. There are many problems in the traditional choke design, such as excessive volume and low elevation gain damage. In this paper, the conventional choke ring is improved by using the complementary trapezoidal structure, and the detailed design process is given. The measured results show that the choke has good resistance to a multipath effect in the navigation frequency band (1.1–1.7 GHz) and can significantly improve the front-to-back ratio of the antenna.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 15:05:04 +000
       
  • IoT-Based English Translation Teaching from the Perspective of Artificial
           Intelligence

    • Abstract: In recent years, with the development of artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things (IoT) has become a research hotspot in industry and academia. At the same time, as a derivative tool of artificial intelligence, machine translation based on the IoT is constantly being applied to English translation and its teaching. In teaching, helping students learn English translation has been the focus of machine translation in recent years. Compared with human translation, machine translation is more efficient and convenient. However, machine translation also has some problems. Compared with traditional human translation, it cannot meet the requirements of faithfulness, expressiveness, and elegance of translation. In many fields, neural network translation is comparable to human translation. In the field of English translation teaching, neural network translation has broad prospects. With the gradual maturity of neural network translation, we should think about how to use neural network translation to make it a powerful English translation teaching tool instead of sticking to traditional teaching and cultivating students who are completely unable to compare it with neural network translation. Therefore, in the context of rapid AI iteration, college English translation teaching should also keep pace with the times. With the help of tools such as neural network translation, English translation talents who can skillfully use AI technology can be trained quickly and efficiently so that they can keep pace with the times and master the power of AI. The research in this paper provides important guidance for the application of artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things, especially for intelligent relaying.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:50:01 +000
       
  • A Wideband Antenna for GNSS Applications with Improved Orthogonal Dipole

    • Abstract: This letter presents a wideband antenna for high-precision Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) applications. The antenna consists of a pair of improved orthogonal dipoles that are fed by a feed network with Composite Right/Left-Handed Transmission Lines (CRLH-TLs), a polygonal patch, and a reflector. By using improved orthogonal dipole, the beamwidth of the antenna is broadened. The CRLH-TLs is adopted in feed network to obtain outputs with stable phase difference. Experiment results indicate that the antenna has a less than 10-dB return-loss bandwidth in the range of 1.1 to 1.7 GHz, a 3-dB axial-ratio bandwidth from 1.2 to 1.6 GHz, and a larger than 6.37 dBi gain in the whole operating band. The measured results show that the proposed antenna has stable performance in the whole operating band, which means that it is a suitable antenna used for GNSS applications.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:05:03 +000
       
  • Robust Adaptive Beamforming via Modified Variable Loading with Subsampling
           Preprocessing

    • Abstract: For robust adaptive beamforming (RAB), the variable loading (VL) technique can provide a better trade-off between robustness and adaptivity than diagonal loading (DL). Despite its importance, few research efforts have explored the loading factor for VL to ensure robustness in various environments. Moreover, the performance of VL is restricted by the sample covariance matrix in snapshot deficiency situations. This paper proposes a modified variable loading (VL) method for robust adaptive beamforming, considering imprecise steering vector effects and finite sample size impairments. First, a novel subsampling method is used to construct the calibrated covariance matrix to improve the robustness of the VL in sample-starving scenarios. Then, a parameter-free method for the VL factor is proposed to further enhance the insensitivity to the steering vector mismatches of the antenna array. Simulation results verify the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method as compared to the traditional VL and other widely used robust techniques.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Oct 2022 11:35:00 +000
       
  • A Novel Low-Profile 5G MIMO Antenna for Vehicular Communication

    • Abstract: The proposed work is a novel low-profile 5G MIMO antenna configuration to exhibit dual-band frequencies for 5G NR-n2 band (1.9 GHz) and safety band (ITS-5.9 GHz) in vehicular communication. In the proposed antenna, it is quite difficult to achieve the lowest resonance frequency in a comparatively miniaturized dimension concerning its operating wavelength. The designed antenna is a modified square patch with the dual-band resonance achieved by the incorporation of slots for increasing the electrical length within the dimension. Hence, the design comprises ring and loop slots exhibiting resonance at 1.9 GHz and the loop U, and modified-W slots for 5.9 GHz. The antenna achieves 1.9% and 0.64% impedance bandwidth and a peak gain of 1.944dBi and 6.06dBi at the resonant frequencies of 1.9 GHz and 5.9 GHz, respectively, with dimensions of 0.114λo × 0.114λo × 0.0016λo, where λo is the wavelength of the lowest operating frequency. The MIMO configuration is presented to assess the antenna’s suitability for large-scale applications. The MIMO antenna presented here is deployed with the edge-to-edge distance between the single element radiators being 0.01λo by parametric sweep. The presented MIMO antenna provides an isolation value greater than 19 dB because of reduced mutual coupling between the single element radiators in that MIMO structure due to the presence of a ground slot. The ECC values are 1.659 × 10−9 and 0.000601 for frequencies of 1.9 GHz and 5.9 GHz, respectively, and the diversity gain is relatively near 10 dB, which is the acceptable value for MIMO antennas. This modified square single-element and MIMO antenna provides a relatively higher gain and better performance in vehicular communication for GSM and safety applications. The MIMO configurations’ on-vehicle analysis is performed to check the reliability of the designed antenna in a vehicular environment.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Oct 2022 02:35:01 +000
       
 
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