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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Applied Electronic Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 122)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Automatika : Journal for Control, Measurement, Electronics, Computing and Communications     Open Access  
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Open Access  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
e-Prime : Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 125)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 126)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 115)
Electronics Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access  
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 114)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access  
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access  
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access  
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 90)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 282)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Electronics and Communication Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Aerospace Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access  
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Machine Learning with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
npj Flexible Electronics     Open Access  
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sensors International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Superconductivity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ural Radio Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access  
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.233
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5869 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5877
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Compact Quadband Bandstop Filter Based on Concentric Split Ring Resonators
           with Perturbation for Multifunctional Wireless Systems

    • Abstract: Bandstop filters play an essential role in many radio frequency (RF) and microwave communication systems to block undesired signals or reject spurious harmonics. This paper presents the design and experiment of a compact quadband bandstop filter centered at 1.2/1.97/2.96/4.78 GHz with a passband insertion loss ranging from 1.07 to 2.9 dB. The overall volumetric size of the proposed filter is 0.197 × 0.197 × 0.01, where is the guided wavelength at 1.2 GHz. The desired performance is achieved by introducing two diamond-shaped concentric split ring resonators (DSCSRRs) intercoupled and defected ground structure. The metamaterial properties of the DSCSRR have been verified by extracting and analyzing its effective permittivity and permeability. This research shows that DSCSRRs can generate multiband characteristics and yield high selectivity with good band-to-band isolation by generating transmission zeros between passbands. The filter is designed, optimized, and analyzed using High-Frequency Structural Simulator (HFSS). A good agreement is observed between simulated and experimental results. The measured results demonstrate that the proposed quadband banstop filter exhibits a minimum stopband rejection of 11.22 dB and fractional bandwidth greater than 4.51%, which makes it suitable for front-end transceiver components or multifunctional wireless systems to suppress unwanted signals at four separate frequency bands.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 May 2022 11:20:01 +000
  • Maximizing the Rate of IRS-Assisted Downlink NOMA Systems

    • Abstract: Nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) techniques and intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) are being explored as potential essential technologies for future wireless communications. Accordingly, this paper provides a network framework for IRS-aided downlink NOMA transmission, in which IRS is employed to improve the NOMA system’s transmission performance, and optimization problems are raised to maximize the achievable rate. Given the fractional structure of multivariate coupling as presented in this study, the fractional problem first converts to a linear form; then, the semidefinite relaxation (SDR) algorithm is proposed to address nonconvex issues for a single-user scenario. As for a multiuser scenario, the alternating optimization (AO) algorithm is raised based on transmit beamforming and reflection phase shift matrix to settle relevant issues and mitigate computational complexity. The simulation results suggest that the algorithm described in this paper can significantly increase the signal’s achievable rate compared to the nondeployed IRS and IRS random phase-shifting schemes.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 May 2022 09:20:01 +000
  • Wideband Low-Profile 8 × 8 MIMO Antenna Based IFA Pair for Ultrathin
           5G Smartphones

    • Abstract: In this paper, a wideband 8 × 8 MIMO antenna is proposed. The proposed antenna can realize the low profile of 4 mm and the 3.18–4.40 GHz broadband coverage only by adjusting the ground edge structure of the deformed inverted-F antenna. Based on the original antenna, the 5G new radio (NR) band n77 (3.3–4.2 GHz) can be covered without adding any structure. In addition, the coupling between the antenna elements has also been improved, decreasing from −9.7 dB to −13.37 dB. A dual-element IFA pair is simulated, fabricated, and measured, the results show the bandwidth of 3.07–4.43 GHz, and the isolation of −13.89 dB can be achieved. An eight-element MIMO antenna is formed by placing four sets of antenna pairs along the two long edges of the substrate. The experimental results show that the bandwidth is 3.18–4.40 GHz, the isolation between any two ports is better than −12.25 dB, and the total efficiency is 61.14%–93.97%. By placing the planar antenna vertically, the ground clearance of the antenna can be reduced to zero, and the performances are similar to the planar MIMO antenna. The proposed MIMO antenna has a good profile and efficient radiation performance compared with the other works, so it has an important application value in ultrathin 5G smartphones.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 18:05:02 +000
  • Experimental Study on Dynamic Aerodynamic Characteristics of Different
           Antenna Aspect Ratios with Reduced Frequency

    • Abstract: Radar antennas in the open air are affected by dynamic wind loading during azimuthal scanning. In this state, the acquisition and prediction of the aerodynamic load is the focus of the structure design for the antenna. We performed wind tunnel force tests on flat plate antennas with different aspect ratios. The changes in mean, maximum, and root mean square values of the aerodynamic coefficients relative to the antenna aspect ratio and reduced frequency are given for the first time. The effects of the antenna aspect ratio and reduced frequency on aerodynamic characteristics are analyzed. The experimental results indicate that the magnitude of the azimuthal moment is related to the antenna aspect ratio and the reduced frequency. It is worth noting that the antenna aspect ratio has a significant impact on the mean, maximum, and root mean square values of dynamic aerodynamic coefficients. The mean, maximum, and root mean square values of the rolling moment coefficient, azimuth moment coefficient, and pitching moment coefficient monotonously decrease with the increase in aspect ratio. In addition, the influence of reduced frequency on the dynamic aerodynamic coefficient is closely related to the antenna aspect ratio. Under the same antenna aspect ratio, increasing the reduced frequency will increase the mean, maximum, and root mean square values of the aerodynamic coefficient. For flat plate antennas with different aspect ratios, at the condition of increasing the aspect ratios, the mean, maximum, and root mean square values of aerodynamic coefficients do not change significantly with the change of reduced frequency.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 May 2022 23:35:03 +000
  • Design and Study of a Miniaturized Millimeter Wave Array Antenna for
           Wireless Body Area Network

    • Abstract: A miniaturized millimeter wave (mmWave) antenna for wireless body area networks is proposed in this paper. The antenna is found to be operational in the V-band, around the 60 GHz frequency range, with high efficiency of up to 99.98% in free space simulations. A multilayer, thin substrate was implemented in the design to enhance radiation efficiency and gain. The antenna seems to be most suitable for small electronic devices and wireless body area network (WBAN) applications because of its low profile and lighter weight concept. To enhance its performance, several arrays of different orders were created. The Parallel-Fed and Tapered Feed Line methods were followed to design the planar arrays with 1 × 2, 1 × 4, and 2 × 2 elements in the primary design. Free space results were compared, and a 2 × 2 element array was found to be the most balanced according to the simulations. To justify the eligibility of these designs for WBAN applications, a virtual human body model was created within the 3D computer-simulated environment and the simulations were repeated, where four equal-spaced distances were taken into account to identify the antenna and its array behavior more accurately. Simulations returned optimistic results for the 2 × 2 element planar array arrangement in almost all parameters, even when placed close to the human body at any distance greater than 2 mm.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 May 2022 14:05:01 +000
  • Analysis of Joint Angular Distribution for Nonreciprocal Beams via the
           Mixture of Gaussian Distribution Based on Ray-Tracing

    • Abstract: Multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) technology can not only provide huge data rates but also overcome the severe propagation attenuation effect, especially in millimeter-wave (mmWave) bands by utilizing beamforming. The nonreciprocal beam is a novel transmission pattern, which indicates that transceivers adopt asymmetrical beamwidths. Such a special pattern can achieve fast beam alignment and alleviate equipment costs. Thorough knowledge of the corresponding wireless channel is pivotal to the system design and optimization, which remains to be investigated. In this paper, we first propose a 3-dimensional (3-D) channel model based on ray-tracing, which is capable of reflection simulation. Based on this model, the ray-based beamforming mechanism is illustrated. The angular distribution is pivotal to beam channel modeling and characterization since transceiver beams filter rays in the angular domain. Then, we conduct an omnidirectional antenna-based channel simulation in an urban macro-cell scenario via the ray-tracing platform. On this basis, we focus on the distribution of the quasiangles, i.e., angles between departure/arrival reflected rays and the line-of-sight (LoS) path. We find that gamma distribution is a better option to fit the quasiarrival angular distribution than the von Mises distribution. Furthermore, to characterize the relationship between quasiangles of departure (AoD) and quasiangles of arrival (AoA), the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) is adopted and the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm is used to estimate the unknown parameters of GMM. Our findings provide useful insights to beam channel modeling, which should take the joint angular distribution into consideration.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 May 2022 11:05:01 +000
  • On the Design and Development of Planar Monopole Antenna for Bone
           Crack/Void Detection

    • Abstract: In this study, the design of a compact narrowband monopole antenna for bone crack detection is presented. The proposed antenna consists of a modified hexagon-shaped radiator with six triangular slits integrated on its bottom periphery, a rectangular-shaped ground plane, and a microstrip feed line of 50 Ω. The antenna is fabricated on the FR-4 substrate with a thickness of 1.6 mm, an overall size of 32 mm × 30 mm, and electrical dimensions of 0.13λ0 × 0.122λ0, where λ0 is the free space wavelength at 2.45 GHz. The resonant frequency of the designed antenna is 2.45 GHz. The antenna offers a gain of 1.68 dB and an efficiency of 85.3%. The presence of a crack in the bone is detected by observing the shift in the peak resonating frequency of the antenna. This method can detect bone fractures in a noninvasive manner. The human arm model is constructed, and the effect of bone cracks of different lengths on the resonating frequency is investigated. The pig bone and tissues are used to validate the simulated results. The simulated results are in agreement with the measured outcomes. Also, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of the antenna is calculated and found to be less than 0.57 W/kg. The designed monopole antenna has several advantages, including a small footprint, straightforward design, low cost, and easy integration with other devices. The proposed method is suitable for primary-level bone crack diagnosis.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 May 2022 07:35:00 +000
  • Analysis of the Electrical Performance of Multituned VLF Thirteen-Tower
           Umbrella Antennas

    • Abstract: The concept of multituned thirteen-tower umbrella antenna is developed in this study to address the problem that increasing the power capacity of a single-tuned VLF transmitting antenna leads to a decrease in self-resonance. The calculation method of electrical parameters such as input resistance and radiation efficiency is theoretically analyzed based on the radiation resistance of different antenna units in a thirteen-tower umbrella antenna, and the electrical performance of the single-tuned and multituned thirteen-tower umbrella antennas is simulated and compared with the measured results of the Cutler antenna. Under the same antenna structure parameters and input power, the antenna radiation efficiency of the multituned thirteen-tower umbrella antenna is basically the same as that of the single tuned one. However, the multituned antenna has lower input current and higher self-resonance, which can effectively improve the antenna’s safety and broaden its operating frequency range.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 06:35:01 +000
  • Novel Technique of Gap Waveguide Cavity Resonator Sensor with High
           Resolution for Liquid Detection

    • Abstract: This article proposes a novel microfluidic sensor designed with a highly accurate Q-factor for liquid detection. The proposed sensor is developed and implemented with a gap waveguide cavity resonator (GWCR) approach. The GWCR approach is formed from the two metallic plates denoted as upper and lower plates. These plates are separated by an array of metallic pins attached to the lower plate, leading to high electric field concentration. A microfluidic channel is created at the midpoint of each plate to place the holder of liquid under test (LUT). The GWCR provides a high electric field, which increases Q-factor and is shown to exhibit a significant improvement in sensitivity and linearity. To characterise and evaluate the dielectric properties of the fluid, the LUT is placed inside a hairlike glass, which passes through the microfluidic channels. The LUT perturbs the electric field distribution inside the GWCR, known as the perturbation principle. The relation between the LUT and the electric field changes the electric field behaviours in terms of resonant frequency, Q-factor, and transmission coefficient. The analysis of these changes in the electric field behaviours leads to identifying the dielectric properties of the LUT. The anonymous dielectric characteristics of LUT, permittivity, and loss tangent formulas are derived utilising the polynomial fitting approach. The measurement outcomes reveal that the stated sensor can measure the permittivity and loss tangent for both LUT samples, such as ethanol and methanol, at 6.1 GHz and 23.4°C.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Apr 2022 10:20:03 +000
  • A 3D Printed Ka-Band High-Efficiency Wide-Slit Antenna Array for
           High-Power Microwave Applications

    • Abstract: A Ka-band high-power waveguide wide-slit antenna array with high efficiency and high-power capacity is proposed in this paper. The antenna uses a waveguide vertical transition structure as a part of the feed network, which improves the compactness and power capacity of the antenna. A 2 × 8 antenna array was simulated, fabricated by 3D printed technology, and measured. The measured reflection coefficient is less than −10 dB in the range of 30.4–30.9 GHz, the tested gain at 30.8 GHz is 25.8 dB, and the corresponding aperture efficiency is larger than 80%. This antenna can be applied in high-power millimeter-wave systems.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Apr 2022 08:20:02 +000
  • New Circular-Slot Circularly Polarized Antenna with Modified

    • Abstract: In this article, a novel broad circularly polarized antenna (CPA) with circular-slot ground is presented. The circular-slot CPA is consisted of a circular-slot ground, an I-shaped slit and a semicircle loop feeding structure. By using semicircle loop feeding structure and adding a slit into the circular-slot ground as perturbation elements, the multiple CP resonant modes could be stimulated simultaneously. To demonstrate to the design radiational, an antenna model was printed, manufactured, and tested. The tested results reveal that the proposed antenna has a broad 3-dB ARBW of |S11| 
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 11:20:01 +000
  • A Wideband Tightly Coupled Array for Omnidirectional Pattern Synthesis

    • Abstract: This work presents the design of a wideband circular tightly coupled array for omnidirectional pattern generation. The proposed array works over an 8:1 bandwidth, providing very high performance in terms of active reflection coefficient, realized gain, and omnidirectional patterns with reduced ripples. The array is composed of 32 low-profile, self-complementary, bow-tie elements displaced around a metallic mast. The capacitive coupling between neighbouring elements and the implementation of a properly designed frequency selective surface allow for increasing the electrical length of each antenna while compensating for the inductive effect of the metallic mast, according to the tightly coupled and connected arrays theory. A cover layer is then inserted to improve the average gain on the azimuthal plane. Time-domain simulation results confirm the validity of the proposed approach and implementation.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 07:35:02 +000
  • Analyses of Grating Lobe and Beam Fixation Problems of Low-Profile Dynamic

    • Abstract: Dynamic metasurface antennas (DMAs) and dynamic antenna arrays (DAAs) are emerging concepts in low-profile antenna design, providing alternative structures with lower circuit complexity and power requirements for radar and communication systems. However, dynamic antennas are prone to significant grating lobe and beam fixation problems due to their discrete amplitude and phase control. The reasons behind these issues are explored through mathematical and simulation analysis of three specific cases, and solutions are subsequently proposed and partially experimentally verified.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Apr 2022 07:20:01 +000
  • Broadband Multipolarized Reconfigurable Unit Cell for Reflectarray
           Antennas with One Bit Control

    • Abstract: A broadband and multipolarized fully reconfigurable unit cell is designed and fabricated in this paper. The unit cell uses 4 diodes to create a phase shifter with single-bit control. It exhibits an excellent bandwidth of 40% for both dual linear and circular polarizations in the X and Ku bands using the structure of 4 patches, a proper PIN diode placement, and a DC bias. The reflection coefficients of the cross polarizations are less than –50 dB, ensuring high isolation between the two polarizations. The experiment results show an agreement with the simulation results.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Apr 2022 07:20:02 +000
  • A Novel Low Axis Ratio Double-Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna

    • Abstract: This article presents a dual circular polarization (CP) microstrip antenna, emitting electromagnetic waves above and below the substrate, which is fed by the double L-probe. Selecting the L-probe feed increases the bandwidth of the antenna, and different probes control the rotation of CP. The antenna could radiate two polarized waves of the same amplitude and vertical through two square radiation patches; meanwhile, adjusting the phase difference between both waves to 90° will produce a CP wave in the far-field. The simulation and measurement results show that the antenna is in 4.3–4.8 GHz band with S11
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 09:50:01 +000
  • DOA Estimation for Non-Gaussian Signals: Three-Level Nested Array and a
           Successive SS-MUSIC Algorithm

    • Abstract: Direction of arrival (DOA) estimation for non-Gaussian signals using three-level nested array (THL-NA) is investigated in this paper. Motivation from larger consecutive degree of freedom (DOF) and array aperture, the THL-NA is proposed, which can take full advantages of the consecutive coarrays of TL-NA and has the closed-form expression of DOF. Specifically, firstly, the array aperture is expanded by the second order sum coarray (2-SC) of the proposed array, secondly, the nested relationship between subarrays is employed to obtain the difference coarray of 2-SC (2-DCSC), finally, a consecutive virtual array with large array aperture is obtained. Besides, a successive SS-MUSIC algorithm is proposed, which employs the spatial smoothing estimating signal parameter via rotational invariance techniques (SS-ESPRIT) algorithm and partial spectrum searching multiple signal classification (PSS-MUSIC) to obtain initial estimations and fine estimations, respectively, resulting in a better balance between computational complexity and estimation accuracy.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Apr 2022 11:50:03 +000
  • Outspacing Planar Phased Arrays for Wireless Communications Infrastructure

    • Abstract: The future mobile-data demand, driven by 5G and 6G wireless communications, puts enormous pressure on the required infrastructure. Especially the need for higher data rates and corresponding higher operating frequencies calls for new transmitter concepts with improved power-added efficiencies. Outspacing, which combines outphasing, also known as linear amplification with nonlinear components (LINC), a phased array, and spatial power combining, could be a promising solution for these challenging performance requirements. In this paper, an extended array-level analysis is performed on the efficiency, mutual coupling, and transmit performance of outspacing arrays supported by new performance metrics, since conventional metrics show to be insufficient for analyzing the outspacing concept. The analysis of the concept is performed on two different planar outspacing configurations. The presented outspacing concept with an element spacing of appears to be very suited for applications that require a limited scan range, typically smaller than ±20°. A prototype is realized and characterized for a limited-scan scenario at 2.4 GHz to limit technology-related risks in the verification of the outspacing concept. The outspacing planar array is tested using an over-the-air (OTA) test concept applied in an anechoic test facility. An error vector magnitude below 3%, when transmitting a QAM16 signal, is realized in the main beam of the antenna without the use of calibration. Furthermore, an analysis is done on additional efficiency improvements. The active reflection coefficient, which is strongly related to the mutual coupling between the array elements, appears to have very interesting properties for improving amplifier drain efficiency by active load modulation.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Apr 2022 10:50:02 +000
  • A Triple-Band Microstrip Antenna with a Monopole Impedance Converter for
           WLAN and 5G Applications

    • Abstract: In this study, a triple-band microstrip antenna with compact size and simple structure is proposed for WLAN and 5G applications. The radiating element consists of a circular patch, a Y-shaped patch, and a monopole impedance converter. In order to obtain the desired operating bands, the monopole impedance converter is inserted between the circular patch and Y-shaped patch. The proposed antenna can work in the frequency range of 2.38∼2.53 GHz, 3.29∼4.11 GHz, and 4.72∼5.01 GHz, with the corresponding peak gains of 4.09 dBi (2.4 GHz), 2.95 dBi (3.5 GHz), and 4.01 dBi (4.9 GHz), respectively. The measures’ results are in approximate agreement with the simulated values, which shows that the proposed compact antenna can offer omnidirectional radiation, appropriate gains, and sufficient bandwidths.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Apr 2022 07:20:01 +000
  • Wideband Patch Antenna with Shorting Vias

    • Abstract: A novel patch antenna with three resonant modes is proposed for wideband applications. By introducing the ring slot on the circular patch, the TM02 mode of the smaller circular patch and the TM02 mode of the annular ring can be excited. Also, compared with the traditional circular patch with shorting vias, four components of shorting vias are distributed nonuniformly on the edge of the proposed patch antenna, which can generate another new resonance mode. By merging the three resonant modes, the impedance bandwidth of the antenna is expanded. Meanwhile, the gain of the antenna is enhanced in the wide operating band. The results illustrate that the antenna can operate in the 5.8 GHz ISM band. Its −10 dB impedance bandwidth is from 5.06 to 6.99 GHz, and the relative bandwidth reaches 32%. In addition, the maximum gain of 5.3 dBi is obtained at 6.7 GHz.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Apr 2022 07:20:01 +000
  • Design of a Novel Integral Sliding Mode-Based Composite Nonlinear Feedback
           Controller for Electrostatic MEMS Micromirror

    • Abstract: In this study, the precise tracking problem for electrostatic micromirror systems with disturbances and input saturation is investigated. Inspired by the composite nonlinear feedback (CNF)’s improvement of the transient performance and the sliding mode control’s enhancement of the robustness, a novel integral sliding mode with reaching law (ISMRL)-based composite nonlinear feedback (CNF) controller is proposed. Then, the stability of the closed-loop system is proved based on Lyapunov theorem. Finally, numerical simulations are investigated to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. It is shown that the closed-loop system with the proposed scheme has precise positioning and improved transient performance in presence of time-varying disturbances.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 09:05:02 +000
  • A Novel Method to Broaden the Single-Mode Bandwidth of the Rectangular

    • Abstract: In this paper, a new class of broadband and low-loss transmission line called slotted rectangular waveguide (SRW) is proposed and analyzed. The proposed SRW consists of the rectangular waveguide and the inverted low-loss slotline, which can selectively suppress the higher-order mode (TE20 mode) and broaden the single dominant mode (TE10 mode) bandwidth in a rectangular waveguide (RW). The design principle and transmission characteristics of the SRW are illustrated and analyzed in this work. The transmission dominant mode bandwidth of the proposed SRW is analyzed and compared with the classic rectangular waveguide (RW), in which the dominant mode bandwidth of 60–155 GHz (88.4% bandwidth) is broader than the RW bandwidth of 60–116 GHz (63%). Two feed structures that can excite the two operating bandwidths (W and D band) of them separately are also designed. The SRW and transition exhibit broadband and low-loss characteristics from 75 GHz to 155 GHz, in which the transmission loss is lower than 0.68 dB and the return loss is over 18 dB.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Mar 2022 11:35:02 +000
  • Investigation of Multibeam Forming Algorithm for Cylindrical Conformal
           Array Antenna

    • Abstract: A multibeam forming algorithm based on cylindrical conformal array antenna is proposed in this paper. A comprehensively optimized algorithm of Taylor weights is used to reduce sidelobes. Multiple beams pointed at different azimuth angles are formed based on a reconfigurable overlapping array division method of subarrays, therefore each beam can get the maximum excitation of subarrays and ensure the pointing accuracy of the main lobe. Finally the cylindrical array antenna realizes the multibeam scanning and area coverage. The experimental results show that the sidelobe level after comprehensive optimization is 7.37 dB lower than that without optimization and 1.71 dB lower than that of traditional optimization when a single beam is formed. The comprehensive optimization can eliminate the grating lobe between two beams and reduce the sidelobe to -15 ∼ -20 dB when the two beams are 30°. The left sidelobe is reduced by 2.75 dB and the right sidelobe is reduced by 1.69 dB after comprehensive optimization when the two beams are separated by 40°.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Mar 2022 11:05:03 +000
  • Design and Analysis of a Metamaterial-Inspired Miniaturized Quadband

    • Abstract: A metamaterial-inspired miniaturized quadband antenna is designed and discussed with a transmission line model to study the theory of miniaturization and multiband in this paper. A conventional printed monopole antenna is assumed as a primary antenna and then surrounded by an array of 4 × 2 interdigital LHMs. The proposed antenna has a compact size of , and operates at 2.40–2.55 GHz, 3.02–3.38 GHz, 5.04–5.52 GHz, and 7.08–7.38 GHz. Good gain and omnidirectional radiation patterns are observed in simulations and measurements. A simplified transmission line modal was established to study the reasons for miniaturization and multiband that were brought about by the LHM array. Related results verified the theoretical analysis and indicated that the proposed antenna is a good candidate for wireless communication applications.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 10:35:01 +000
  • Parameter Estimation of Non-Gaussian Signals for Polarization-Sensitive
           Augmented Coprime Array: Fourth-Order Cumulant Reduced-Dimensional Capon

    • Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the problem of direction of arrival (DOA) and polarization estimation for non-Gaussian signal in polarization-sensitive augmented coprime array. Instead of the second-order cumulant statistics, the fourth-order cumulant statistics of the received signals are used for parameter estimation because they can detect more information of the non-Gaussian signal. First, polarization-sensitive augmented coprime array is designed, where each sensor element is equipped with a pair of orthogonal electric dipoles. Furthermore, a low-complexity reduced-dimensional Capon algorithm which uses the fourth-order cumulant of the received array signal is proposed for DOA and polarization estimation. Only one-dimensional peak search is required by reconstructing peak search function. Theoretical analysis has proven the effectiveness of the algorithm, and simulation results demonstrate that the proposed fourth-order cumulant reduced-dimensional Capon algorithm outperforms the other algorithms.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 10:05:01 +000
  • Erratum to “A Novel Compact CP Antenna with Wide Axial Ratio Bandwidth
           for Worldwide UHF RFID Handheld Reader”

    • PubDate: Sat, 26 Mar 2022 06:20:02 +000
  • A Three-Dimensional Microwave Sparse Imaging Approach Using Higher-Order
           Basis Functions

    • Abstract: This paper presents a novel method for three-dimensional microwave imaging based on sparse processing. To enforce the sparsity of the unknown function, we take advantage of the fact that arbitrary three-dimensional electromagnetic fields can be decomposed into two components with respect to the radial direction: one with transverse-magnetic polarization and the other with transverse-electric polarization. Each component can be further expressed as a sum of spherical harmonics, which provide the dictionary exploited by the sparse processing algorithm. Our measurement model relates the data and the parameters of the spherical harmonics’ sources, which are uniformly distributed on a grid sampling the imaging domain. By relying on the theory of degrees of freedom of electromagnetic fields, it can be shown that only a few harmonics are sufficient to accurately represent the measured scattered field from objects whose diameter is of the order of the wavelength, thus allowing reducing the dimension of the adopted dictionary. We analyze several imaging scenarios to assess the algorithm’s performance, including different object shapes, sensor orientations, and signal-to-noise ratios. Moreover, we compare the obtained results with other state-of-the-art linear imaging techniques. Notably, thanks to the adopted dictionary, the proposed algorithm can yield accurate images of both convex and concave objects.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 11:50:06 +000
  • Performance Enhancements of Fully Inkjet-Printing Technology for
           Antenna-in-Package and Substrate Integrated Waveguides

    • Abstract: A fully inkjet-printing technology is applied to antenna-in-package (AiP) and substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) to enhance the performance of three components, including via holes, wire bonding, and flexible antenna arrays. First of all, earlier studies utilize shorting pins for the conductive pathway in high-density AiP and SIW, but this requires an additional procedure to plate the conductor. We propose a mechanical approach to form a cylindrical hole, plating the surface with silver nanoparticles and realizing the equivalent circuit model of the shorting pin. The proposed approach does not require high alignment sensitivity or the precise control of laser power level. Second, fully inkjet-printed wire bonding is proposed for the system on the package. The proposed technique not only reduces the discontinuity but also enables a fabrication without additional assembly. Third, the proposed technique is implemented for antenna development, which shows desirable performance with reduced fabrication complexity. The proposed technology is validated by microstrip lines, SIWs, SIW cavity slots, and flexible 4 × 4 patch arrays fabricated on various substrates including RO 4003C, polyimide, and polyethylene naphthalate. For comparison purposes, conventional approaches using printed circuit boards are also implemented and tested. The results indicate the generality and capability of the proposed technique.
      PubDate: Sat, 19 Mar 2022 06:50:00 +000
  • Comparative Analysis of a Super-Wideband Millimeter Wave Array Antenna for
           Body-Centric Communications

    • Abstract: The future of wireless technology is moving towards millimeter wave bands due to a surge in the use of wearable gadgets in current wireless bands. The 60 GHz band is unlicensed around the world and has gathered high research interest. At this band, the atmospheric absorption is very high, which results in short-range communication. High gain antennas are a core requirement for operating at 60 GHz. In this paper, we are proposing three different arrays consisting of 2, 3, and 4 elements of a novel patch design. The radiating patch consists of a semicircular disc fed by a microstrip feed line. The ground plane has been etched into a novel shape. The radiator and the ground plane are attached to a 1.5 mm thick FR-4 substrate which has a relative permittivity of 4.3. The radiating elements are connected linearly to form arrays. In free space, all three arrays achieved a very wide bandwidth of more than 20 GHz, and the maximum gain varied from 3.44 dBi to 6.2 dBi. The arrays were also simulated under human body conditions by modelling a three-layer phantom. At different distances from the phantom, the maximum gain increased by more than 1 dBi. The antenna shows 4.855 dBi, 5.032 dBi, and 6.66 dBi gain for 2 array, 3 array, and 4 array, respectively, when simulated on the three-layer human model phantom. The antenna has a very good VSWR value for all three array structures. On the human body phantom, the proposed antenna design in this research shows 1.214, 1.120, and 1.023 VSWR values for 2 array, 3 array, and 4 array, respectively. The efficiencies were highly affected, as expected from patch antennas. The simulation results are obtained from CST Microwave Studio.
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Mar 2022 10:05:01 +000
  • Performance Analysis of TDOA and FDOA Estimation for Pulse Signals

    • Abstract: Time difference of arrival (TDOA) and frequency difference of arrival (FDOA) are effective measurements for localizing emitters’ radiating pulse signals, such as radar. Temporal sparsity of pulse signals makes their TDOA and FDOA estimation precisions much different from that of continuous communication and acoustic signals. The way how the precisions are affected by various parameters, e.g., temporal duration of signals, may also deviate significantly in scenarios of pulse signals from that of continuous ones. In this paper, theoretical analyses are carried out to reveal the Cramer–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs) of TDOA and FDOA estimation precisions of pulse signals and also to obtain insights on how the CRLBs are affected by various parameters, including pulse number, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), pulse width, and pulse repetition interval (PRI). Simulation results verify the correctness of the derived CRLBs and their variations with different parameters.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Mar 2022 11:20:02 +000
  • A Dual-Band Wearable Conformal Antenna Based on Artificial Magnetic

    • Abstract: In order to improve the effectiveness of the antenna performance of wearable devices, a dual-band flexible monopole antenna with a 3 × 3 artificial magnetic conductor structure of the ISM band is proposed by using meander technology. An annular-shaped artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) is placed directly below the antenna, which can be better suitable for wireless body area network (WBAN) applications. A polyimide substance is used as the antenna substrate, which makes the antenna bendable and thin. Benefiting from the in-phase reflective properties of the double ring AMC structure, the antenna has good radiation characteristics. Compared with the single antenna, numerical simulation and measurement results show that the gain of the AMC-loaded antenna is increased by 4.54 dBi and 3.86 dBi at 2.45 GHz and 5.8 GHz, respectively. In addition, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of 1 g is only 0.35 W/kg at 2.45 GHz and 0.39 W/Kg at 5.8 GHz when the antenna is placed on human tissue, which is far below the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) standard. The antenna is easy to be conform to the human body and has strong robustness to structural deformation and human body load.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Mar 2022 10:20:02 +000
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