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IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.491
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 126  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1045-9243
Published by IEEE Homepage  [228 journals]
  • Call for Papers: IEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation

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      Abstract: Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • 2022 Quantum Technologies Graduate Fellowship Program Recipients

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      Abstract: Presents information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • 2022 Index IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine Vol.64

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      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Presents the 2022 author/subject index for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Antennas Hunting Wolves [Editor’s Comments]

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      Authors: Francesco Andriulli;
      Pages: 4 - 4
      Abstract: On a dark and stormy night, only a few wolves dare to wander in the forest. What would they be looking for' The meaning of their lives' A new land to live in, with fewer storms and less rain' Just breakfast' What if I were to tell you that they are actually hunting for better antennas' This is exactly what happens in the excellent and intriguing article by Li and Guo, where the authors discuss the use of a Grey Wolf Optimizer for antenna optimization designs. After a comprehensive review of Grey Wolf Optimizer engines, the article focuses on antenna design applications, extensively treating several real case scenarios.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Looking Back at a Successful Year [President’s Message]

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      Authors: Gianluca Lazzi;
      Pages: 6 - 82
      Abstract: As 2022 comes to a close, I cannot help but reflect on the many things that we accomplished together this year. The highlight of the year is that our flagship conference and most of our sponsored conferences have been held “in person.” All conferences have enjoyed tremendous success, with strong participation, wonderful scientific discussions, and exchanges of ideas. Our 2022 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Radio Science Radio Science Meeting, held in July, in Denver, CO, USA, was a truly memorable event: the technical program consisted of approximately 1,400 orally presented papers, 15 parallel technical sessions during each day of the conference, 24 special sessions, and 11 short courses and workshops. There were approximately 1,500 registered attendees, and a record number of over 600 students registered. Highlights of the symposium included three outstanding keynote presentations from industry, government, and large international collaborations; 50 exhibitors in one of the best-attended exhibits recorded at our flagship conference; and 10 interactive industrial demonstrations. The next six editions of our flagship conference, in 2023–2028, will take place in four different countries around the world. With preparations well underway, fantastic venues selected, and dedicated organizing committees onboard, these events promise to be great successes, as well.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Call for Nominations for the 2023 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society
           Field Awards

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      Pages: 8 - 9
      Abstract: Presents awards information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • New Chapters, Chapter Reports, and Important Deadlines [Chapter News]

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      Authors: Meisong Tong;
      Pages: 10 - 14
      Abstract: Presents information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • IEEE Feedback

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      Pages: 13 - 13
      Abstract: Advertisement.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • CubeSat Link Budget: Elements, calculations, and examples

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      Authors: Reyhan Baktur;
      Pages: 16 - 28
      Abstract: Antenna designs suitable to fly on CubeSats have been of growing interest. The prolific CubeSat antenna literature, however, is contrasted by limited tools for an antenna engineer to develop or understand a CubeSat link budget, which sets the requirements for the spacecraft and ground antenna design. This article presents detailed explanations of the link budget basics, which include not only antenna design terms but also signal processing and system noise parameters. Relations among the data rate, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), system noise temperature, and antenna gain are reviewed, explained, and applied in three examples of link budgets for CubeSats in low-Earth (LEO), geosynchronous (GEO), and lunar orbits.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • The Grey Wolf Optimizer for Antenna Optimization Designs: Continuous,
           binary, single-objective, and multiobjective implementations

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      Authors: Xun Li;Yong-Xin Guo;
      Pages: 29 - 40
      Abstract: The grey wolf optimizer (GWO) is a newly invented metaheuristic that simulates the hunting process of grey wolves in nature. As a robust optimization technique, the GWO engine has the capacity of handling antenna optimization problems with both continuous and binary variables and single and multiple objectives. In this article, the GWO and its binary (BGWO) version are introduced first. Their multiobjective versions, i.e., (MOGWO) and (MOBGWO), respectively, follow. To show the versatility of the GWO engine, some typical antenna optimization design problems are considered. In particular, a low-sidelobe sparse linear array and a high-directivity Yagi–Uda antenna are optimized by continuous GWO (CGWO); a thinned planar array is designed by a BGWO for sidelobe suppression in the two principal planes. To evaluate the performance of the GWO engine, comparative studies of the GWO with two popular optimization algorithms, i.e., a genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO), are presented. It turns out that the GWO can, in most cases, outperform a GA and PSO. Further, these examples are expanded to consider more than one objective, and multiobjective versions of CGWO and BGWO, respectively, are employed to obtain the Pareto fronts, which clearly show the best tradeoffs that can be made.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Electrostatic Simulation in 2D With the Boundary Element Method: A
           tutorial

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      Authors: James R. Nagel;
      Pages: 41 - 49
      Abstract: This article provides a detailed tutorial on the foundations of the boundary element method (BEM) by constructing a basic algorithm for 2D electrostatic systems. The geometry of a conductor is expressed as an N-sided polygon where each edge carries a surface charge density with linear continuity between nodes. The resulting basis functions are integrable using closed-form solutions, and the method of point matching yields a stable, invertible system matrix. We then expand the algorithm to include excitation by an impressed field as well as a simple method by which to model a floating conductor. The results are compared against analytic models, showing excellent precision with a relatively small amount of computational effort.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • A Body-Blockage Analysis and Comparison Between Humans and a Full-Body
           Phantom: Using measurements at 28 GHz

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      Authors: Maryam Faizi Khajeim;Gholamreza Moradi;Reza Sarraf Shirazi;Shuai Zhang;
      Pages: 50 - 61
      Abstract: Human blockage is an important phenomenon that should be considered in millimeter-wave (mm-wave) communication systems. Realizing that blockage behavior could be very valuable in mm-wave link simulations, several blockage models have been proposed in previous works based on knife-edge diffraction (KED), high-frequency simulations, and measurements. This article investigates blockage using a full-body phantom and proves that a body phantom is accurate enough to replace a human subject in blockage studies for both data and talk modes. A campaign of measurements for these two modes with 17 human subjects of different heights and genders is conducted. The effect of different types of clothing on body blockage is studied for a body phantom and a human subject. The impact of the relative antenna-user position on the body-blockage intensity is investigated as accurate measurements are difficult to achieve with human subjects.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Level Variability of Radio Signals Propagating Through Fire: Experimental
           measurements and results

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      Authors: Manuel García Sánchez;Iñigo Cuiñas;Luis A. López-Valcárcel;Miguel Riobó Prieto;Isabel Expósito Pérez;
      Pages: 62 - 69
      Abstract: Public protection and disaster relief (PPDR) communication systems play a crucial role in the avoidance and minimization of the damages caused by wildfires and tall building fires. These systems should have reliable coverage and high availability in emergency scenarios. Incidents due to the degradation by fire of these radiocommunication systems have been reported throughout their history; nonetheless, scientific characterization of this subject is still scarce. Most of the experimental results center on obtaining values of the mean attenuation and its dependency on the frequency but do not take into account the variability around the mean value.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Sommerfeld Pole or Brewster Zero': Zenneck wave or surface
           plasmon'

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      Authors: Krzysztof A. Michalski;Juan R. Mosig;
      Pages: 70 - 80
      Abstract: The surface waves that may exist at a planar interface between a lossless dielectric and a conventional or plasmonic medium are investigated. It is shown that these surface waves are pole waves associated with the pole of the Fresnel reflection coefficient looking into the structure. Furthermore, it is shown that Zenneck waves and surface plasmon-polaritons (SPPs) are two manifestations of a pole wave corresponding to different media, and as such are closely related. It is also shown that both surface waves may be set up by illuminating the structure with an inhomogeneous plane wave incident at the complex Brewster angle. The case of a graphene sheet at the interface is also considered and it is shown that this structure supports a highly attenuated SPP. The theoretical development is illustrated and supported by representative numerical results.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • [Meetings & Symposia]

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      Authors: Raymond P. Wasky;
      Pages: 81 - 82
      Abstract: Presents information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • IEEE Connecting

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      Pages: 82 - 82
      Abstract: Advertisement.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • [Courses]

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      Authors: Raymond P. Wasky;
      Pages: 83 - 83
      Abstract: Presents information on short courses recommended by the APS society.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Biomedical Passive Microwave Imaging and Sensing: Current and future
           trends [Bioelectromagnetics]

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      Authors: Evangelos I. Groumpas;Maria Koutsoupidou;Irene S. Karanasiou;
      Pages: 84 - 111
      Abstract: Microwave radiometry (MWR) is a passive technique for sensing a body’s internal temperature that was initially proposed in the 1980s. Since then, various MWR applications have been proposed, especially in medicine, as it offers noninvasive, low-cost, and portable solutions for in-depth temperature monitoring, functional imaging, and inflammation detection. Clinically available and state-of-the-art radiometric techniques for biomedical applications are presented and explained in this article.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • A Near-Field-Based Gain and Pattern Measurement Technique for Probe-Fed
           Millimeter-Wave Antennas [Measurements Corner]

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      Authors: Menglou Rao;Kamal Sarabandi;
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: Driven by the perpetual demand for higher data rates, extensive research efforts have been devoted to millimeter-wave (mm-wave) 5G technologies in recent years. Highly integrated mm-wave antennas for 5G user equipment are considered one of the key components in the realization of mm-wave-based mobile networks. An accurate characterization of antennas is as important as antenna design. Despite great advances in measurement capabilities over the years, we are still facing many difficulties in probe-based mm-wave antenna measurements. This article presents a fast, simple, and accurate near-field (NF)-to-far-field (FF) technique for gain and radiation pattern measurements of probe-fed mm-wave antennas. A setup based on an electro-optical (EO) NF measurement system (NeoScan) is utilized to measure the NF of the antenna under test (AUT). The system uses a high-spatial-resolution nonintrusive probe to scan the NF in very close proximity to the antenna’s surface, which significantly alleviates multipath effects and reduces the required scan area. The radiation pattern of the AUT is computed using the NF-to-FF transformation. To obtain the gain of the AUT, a ground-backed dipole antenna is created and used as a gain standard. The absolute gain of the ground-backed dipole is characterized using the image method. Measurement accuracy is checked against the simulation. With the help of the standard gain antenna, the NF-to-FF method can be used to measure both the gain and radiation pattern of any type of probe-fed mm-wave antenna. For demonstration purposes, two test antennas, a horizontally polarized tapered slot antenna, and a dual-band vertically polarized hexagonal bridge antenna operating at 28 GHz are fabricated and characterized. Excellent agreement against full-wave simulation is achieved.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Are We There Yet' [Turnstile]

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      Authors: Rajeev Bansal;
      Pages: 101 - 114
      Abstract: If the world should blow itself up, the last audible voice would be that of an expert saying, “It can’t be done.” [1]
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • 2023 IEEE AP-S Student Design Contest

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      Pages: 102 - 103
      Abstract: Presents information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Boundless Choices [Women in Engineering]

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      Authors: Alessandra Costanzo;
      Pages: 104 - 114
      Abstract: I am honored and excited to contribute to this column. First, I would like to thank Francesca Vipiana for the invitation, and I am happy to share my personal experience as a female microwave professor at the Alma Mater Studiorum—Università di Bologna, Italy, where I started my career as a student and continued it until I reached the role of full professor in 2018.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • AP-S Young Professionals Activities at the 2022 IEEE International
           Symposium on Antennas and Propagation [Young Professionals]

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      Authors: Mahrukh Khan;Wei Lin;Jeanne Quimby;
      Pages: 108 - 111
      Abstract: This year, the annual IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Radio Science Radio Science Meeting was held in Denver, CO, USA, on 10–15 July. This conference was special because it was the first in-person conference after the two virtual conferences, in 2020 and 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many students, Young Professionals (YPs), engineers, researchers, and professors met in person. The IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society (AP-S) YPs Committee (YPC) [1] conducted important educational and networking activities at the conference. AP-S YPs ambassadors [2] led the way in the development of several new YPs activities, establishing them as an inspirational influence for the Society. Highlights of the YPs activities (Figure 1) are summarized in the following.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Ten Questions (Actually, 11) … [Industry Activities]

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      Authors: Rod Waterhouse;
      Pages: 112 - 114
      Abstract: This article features an interview with Dr. Dalma Novak, cofounder and vice president of of engineering at Octane Wireless and chair of the IEEE TAB Committee on Diversity and Inclusion (CDI) as well as vice-chair of the IEEE CDI.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Some Reflections on Arnold Sommerfeld—Theoretical Physicist, Teacher,
           Influencer [Historically Speaking]

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      Authors: Thomas F. Eibert;Trevor S. Bird;
      Pages: 115 - 126
      Abstract: Arnold Sommerfeld is one of the most influential theoretical physicists of all times. His contributions to electromagnetics comprise mathematical theories of diffraction and fundamental work on wave propagation above planar ground, leading to the concept of Sommerfeld integral representations. Probably even more recognized are his contributions to the theory of atoms and to the development of quantum physics. In his role as educator and teacher, Sommerfeld’s performance is unprecedented—four of his doctoral graduates and three of his postdocs are recipients of a Nobel Prize in physics or chemistry; one even received an additional Nobel Peace Prize. In his role as an influencer, Sommerfeld was instrumental for the development of theoretical physics in the first half of the 20th century, where his way of doing physics influenced scientists all over the world, and dozens of his students and postdocs came into leadership positions in universities, companies, and other institutions. The goal of this article is to highlight some cornerstones and developments in the life and career of Arnold Sommerfeld and to give some insight into his way of doing science and education, where the focus is on electromagnetics and wave propagation.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • IEEE App

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      Pages: 126 - 126
      Abstract: Advertisement.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • An Update on COPE Activities [Cope Corner]

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      Authors: Anisha M. Apte;
      Pages: 127 - 134
      Abstract: Prof. Rekha Labade provided a brief report on IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society (AP-S) Committee on Promoting Equality (COPE) activities in Region 10, at the AP-S Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Sangamner, Chapter. Through a COPE project, the Chapter donated virtual reality (VR) headsets to the Sangram Niwasi Muk Badhir Vidyalaya school, one of the prominent institutes in Maharashtra, India, working with hearing-impaired and mentally challenged children neglected by society. The school was established on 5 September 1984 and began with 35 students, a total that has risen to 80. Classes are conducted from first grade through eighth grade.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • EurAAP Awards

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      Pages: 130 - 131
      Abstract: Presents awards information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • [Hidden Word]

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      Authors: Fred E. Gardiol;
      Pages: 132 - 132
      Abstract: Various puzzles, quizzes, games, humorous definitions, or mathematical that should engage the interest of readers.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • A Tale of False Smoke Alarms [From the Screen of Stone]

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      Authors: W. Ross Stone;
      Pages: 133 - 134
      Abstract: This column deals with a solution for an irritating and potentially dangerous problem with false alarms from smoke detectors, and a cost-effective although mundane use for Alexa devices.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • CJ Reddy Travel Grant for Graduate Students

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      Pages: 135 - 135
      Abstract: Presents information of interest to Society members.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Information

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      Pages: 136 - 136
      Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: Dec. 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 6 (2022)
       
 
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