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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted by number of followers
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 282)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166)
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 126)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 126)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 122)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 115)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 114)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 90)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
IET Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Electronics Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Aerospace Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Advanced Electronics and Communication Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Superconductivity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sensors International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Machine Learning with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Prime : Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Applied Electronic Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ural Radio Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Automatika : Journal for Control, Measurement, Electronics, Computing and Communications     Open Access  
npj Flexible Electronics     Open Access  
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access  
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access  
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access  
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access  
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Open Access  
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  

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IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2644-1284
Published by IEEE Homepage  [228 journals]
  • IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society

    • Abstract: Provides a listing of current staff, committee members and society officers.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • A Novel Single DC Source Three-Phase Wye Packed U-Cell (Y-PUC) Converter

    • Authors: Saeed Arazm;Kamal Al-Haddad;
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: A new configuration of three-phase Wye Packed U-cells (Y-PUC) with a single DC source is proposed in this paper. In fact, this configuration represents a single DC source modular three-phase PUC converter. The DC source on PUC topology is replaced by a flying capacitor to obtain a suitable submodule. Moreover, the modularity of the Y-PUC configuration makes it an appropriate alternative for MMC applications. Furthermore, the proposed structure is an advantageous configuration for high voltage applications such as high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines with the capability of DC fault handling. All PUC topologies such as PUC5, PUC7, PUC9, PUC15 can be replaced in the modules of this proposed single-phase and three-phase configuration to multiply the load voltage levels for improving the output waveform. Active voltage balancing technique through carrier-based modulation is applied. System modeling and operating sequences are developed. Simulation and experimental results are presented and discussed to validate the performance of the proposed structure.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • When IEEE 802.11 and 5G Meet Time-Sensitive Networking

    • Authors: Mahin K. Atiq;Raheeb Muzaffar;Óscar Seijo;Iñaki Val;Hans-Peter Bernhard;
      Pages: 14 - 36
      Abstract: Many emerging applications require a higher level of flexibility, modularity, and efficiency but are dependent on advancements in communication infrastructure and distributed computing. Time-sensitive networking (TSN) standards aim at providing vendor agnostic, reliable, and deterministic communications over the Ethernet, but lack in flexibility and modularity provisions. In this context wireless communication systems are preferred given the obvious benefits in terms of increased flexibility, reduced deployment & maintenance costs, and inherent mobility support. However, the stochastic nature of the wireless medium poses several challenges in achieving these benefits. In this paper we comprehensively analyze the recent standardization efforts and developments in IEEE 802.11 and 5G to enable low-latency, deterministic communications and present the current status of their integration with wired TSN. Then, we present a set of use cases that may be enabled by wireless TSN including industrial automation, automotive, or audiovisual applications.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Radial Force Density Calculation of Switched Reluctance Machines Using
           Reluctance Mesh-Based Magnetic Equivalent Circuit

    • Authors: Gayan Watthewaduge;Berker Bilgin;
      Pages: 37 - 49
      Abstract: Acoustic noise and vibration is one of the shortcomings of a switched reluctance machine (SRM). Harmonics of the radial force waveform in the airgap excite the stator structure at different vibration modes with specific frequencies. The radial force density in the airgap should be calculated before analyzing and mitigating acoustic noise and vibration. This paper proposes a reluctance mesh-based magnetic equivalent circuit (MEC) model to calculate the airgap radial force density. Reluctance mesh-based MEC models are developed for 3-phase 6/4, 6/16, 12/8 and 4-phase 8/6, 8/10, and 16/12 SRMs. A technique for the dynamic modeling of SRMs is proposed using the reluctance mesh-based MEC method. Dynamic currents are calculated using the proposed technique and, then, the radial and tangential flux density in the airgap are calculated. The radial force density in the airgap is calculated by applying the Maxwell Stress Tensor method. Fourier series is used to calculate the harmonics of the radial force density. The results obtained from the MEC model are verified using finite element method (FEM) models. The implemented MEC-based dynamic modeling method is validated using experimental results.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • On Modelling of Edge Datacentre Microgrid for Participation in Smart
           Energy Infrastructures

    • Authors: Nikolai Galkin;Chen-Wei Yang;Yulia Berezovskaya;Mattias Vesterlund;Valeriy Vyatkin;
      Pages: 50 - 64
      Abstract: Datacentres are becoming a sizable part of the energy system and are one of the biggest consumers of the energy grid. The so-called “Green Datacentre” is capable of not only consuming but also producing power, thus becoming an important kind of prosumers in the electric grid. Green datacentres consist of a microgrid with a backup uninterrupted power supply and renewable generation, e.g., using photovoltaic panels. As such, datacentres could realistically be important participants in demand/response applications. However, this requires reconsidering their currently rigid control and automation systems and the use of simulation models for online estimation of the control actions impact. This paper presents such a microgrid simulation model modelled after a real edge datacentre. A case study consumption scenario is presented for the purpose of validating the developed microgrid model against data traces collected from the green edge datacentre. Both simulation and real-time validation tests are performed to validate the accuracy of the datacentre model. Then the model is connected to the automation environment to be used for the online impact estimation and virtual commissioning purposes.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Impact of Carriers Injection Level on Transients of Discrete and
           Paralleled Silicon and 4H-SiC NPN BJTs

    • Authors: Chengjun Shen;Saeed Jahdi;Juefei Yang;Olayiwola Alatise;Jose Ortiz-Gonzalez;Ruizhu Wu;Phil Mellor;
      Pages: 65 - 80
      Abstract: The 4H-SiC vertical NPN BJTs are attractive power devices with potentials to be used as high power switching devices with high voltage ratings in range of 1.7 kV and high operating temperatures. In this paper, the advantages of the 4H-SiC NPN BJTs in terms of switching transients and current gain over their silicon counterparts is illustrated by means of extensive experimental measurements and modelling, including investigation of high level injection, as a common phenomenon in bipolar devices that influences the switching rates and DC current gain. The two device types have been tested at 800 V with maximum temperature of 175 °C and maximum collector current of 8 A. The turn-ON and turn-OFF transition in Silicon BJT is seen to be much slower than that of the SiC BJT while the transient duration will increase with increasing temperature and decreases with larger collector currents. The common-emitter current gain of SiC BJT is also found to be much higher than silicon counterparts, increasing with temperature in low injection levels but decreasing in higher injection levels in both devices. The rate of increase of current gain slows down toward stability as the collector current increases, known as the high-level injection. Current sharing imbalance among parallel connected devices is also investigated, which are shown to be evidently dependant on temperature and base resistance in Silicon BJT, while the current collapse in also seen in SiC BJT at high injection levels with high base resistance. The turn-OFF delay is seen to be temperature dependant in single and paralleled Silicon BJTs while almost non-existent in SiC device.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Recent Advances of Wind-Solar Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Power
           Generation: A Review

    • Authors: Pranoy Roy;JiangBiao He;Tiefu Zhao;Yash Veer Singh;
      Pages: 81 - 104
      Abstract: A hybrid renewable energy source (HRES) consists of two or more renewable energy sources, suchas wind turbines and photovoltaic systems, utilized together to provide increased system efficiency and improved stability in energy supply to a certain degree. The objective of this study is to present a comprehensive review of wind-solar HRES from the perspectives of power architectures, mathematical modeling, power electronic converter topologies, and design optimization algorithms. Since the uncertainty of HRES can be reduced further by including an energy storage system, this paper presents several hybrid energy storage system coupling technologies, highlighting their major advantages and disadvantages. Various HRES power converters and control strategies from the state-of-the-art have been discussed. Different types of energy source combinations, modeling, power converter architectures, sizing, and optimization techniques used in the existing HRES are reviewed in this work, which intends to serve as a comprehensive reference for researchers, engineers, and policymakers in this field. This article also discusses the technical challenges associated with HRES as well as the scope of future advances and research on HRES.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Multi-Agent Position Estimation in Modular Motor Drives Using
           Low-Resolution Sensors

    • Authors: Lynn Verkroost;Thymen Vandenabeele;Peter Sergeant;Hendrik Vansompel;
      Pages: 105 - 115
      Abstract: Because a modular motor drive is composed of multiple identical pole drive units and controllers, it can be considered as a multi-agent system. This makes modular motor drives particularly interesting during faults, when the remaining healthy agents assure the continuity of operation. Nevertheless, for some crucial information such as the rotor position, these drives still rely on a single sensor which introduces a single point of failure. In this work, this single high-resolution position sensor is replaced by multiple binary, low-resolution position sensors. A vector tracking observer algorithm, implemented in the different controllers, processes this low-resolution sensor data into a position estimate. Subsequently, these position estimates of the different agents are exchanged with other agents using a distributed averaging algorithm. For this latter approach, it is shown in this work that it improves the position estimation under healthy conditions as well as during agent malfunctions. The concept is demonstrated on a modular axial-flux permanent magnet synchronous machine with fifteen pole drive units, each equipped with a low-resolution position sensor, that are assigned to five agents.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Imitation Learning for Variable Speed Contact Motion for Operation up to
           Control Bandwidth

    • Authors: Sho Sakaino;Kazuki Fujimoto;Yuki Saigusa;Toshiaki Tsuji;
      Pages: 116 - 127
      Abstract: Thegeneration of robot motions in the real world is difficult by using conventional controllers alone and requires highly intelligent processing. In this regard, learning-based motion generations are currently being investigated. However, the main issue has been improvements of the adaptability to spatially varying environments, but a variation of the operating speed has not been investigated in detail. In contact-rich tasks, it is especially important to be able to adjust the operating speed because a nonlinear relationship occurs between the operating speed and force (e.g., inertial and frictional forces), and it affects the results of the tasks. Therefore, in this study, we propose a method for generating variable operating speeds while adapting to spatial perturbations in the environment. The proposed method can be adapted to nonlinearities by utilizing a small amount of motion data. We experimentally evaluated the proposed method by erasing a line using an eraser fixed to the tip of the robot as an example of a contact-rich task. Furthermore, the proposed method enables a robot to perform a task faster than a human operator and is capable of operating close to the control bandwidth.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Dynamical Orchestration and Configuration Services in Industrial IoT
           Systems: An Autonomic Approach

    • Authors: An Ngoc Lam;Oystein Haugen;Jerker Delsing;
      Pages: 128 - 145
      Abstract: The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) enables the integration of physical devices such as sensors and actuators into the virtual world of automation application systems via different communication protocols. Interoperability among the “things” appears to be one of the biggest conceptual and technological challenges in developing the IIoT framework. Typically, collaboration at the field device level is very limited. Instead, the decision-making process is usually propagated to higher levels with substantial computational resources. This centralized architecture has been widely deployed based on global cloud infrastructure. However, sending data over the cloud for analysis may bring about privacy and security threats. Besides, network latency could be another factor that reduces adaptability. In this article, we propose a decentralized approach that applies the concepts of local automation cloud. By using semantic technologies to achieve autonomicity, the approach enables real-time monitoring of the control systems within one local cloud and automates orchestration and configuration locally through adaptation based on semantic policies. The approach is deployed and tested on a chemical production use case in which business-level policies have been used for dynamical planning for suppliers and automatic detection of malfunctioning sensors with subsequent adaptation to continuing supply planning and production as smooth as possible.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • A New Injection Threat on S7-1500 PLCs - Disrupting the Physical Process

    • Authors: Wael Alsabbagh;Peter Langendöerfer;
      Pages: 146 - 162
      Abstract: Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) are increasingly connected and integrated into the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) for a better network connectivity and a more streamlined control process. But in fact, this brings also its security challenges and exposes them to various cyber-attacks targeting the physical process controlled by such devices. In this work, we investigate whether the newest S7 PLCs are vulnerable by design and can be exploited. In contrast to the typical control logic injection attacks existing in the research community, which require from adversaries to be online along the ongoing attack, this article introduces a new exploit strategy that aims at disrupting the physical process controlled by the infected PLC when adversaries are not connected neither to the target nor to its network at the point zero for the attack. Our exploit approach is comprised of two steps: 1) Patching the PLC with a malicious Time-of-Day interrupt block once an attacker gains access to an exposed PLC, 2) Triggering the interrupt at a later time on the attacker will, when he is disconnected to the system’s network. For a real attack scenario, we implemented our attack approach on a Fischertechnik training system based on S7-1500 PLC using the latest version of S7CommPlus protocol. Our experimental results showed that we could keep the patched interrupt block in idle mode and hidden in the PLC memory for a long time without being revealed before being activated at the specific date and time that the attacker defined. Finally, we suggested some potential security recommendations to protect industrial environments from such a threat.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Vector-Norm Based Truncation of Harmonic Transfer Functions in Black-Box
           Electronic Power Systems

    • Authors: Yicheng Liao;Henrik Sandberg;Xiongfei Wang;
      Pages: 163 - 173
      Abstract: Power systems equipped with power electronic converters can be modeled by harmonic transfer functions (HTFs) in a black-box manner for dynamic analysis. This paper studies the truncation of HTFs. It is proposed to define the gain function of an HTF as the norm of its central-column vector. Then, the error bound of the gain function in relation to the truncation order is explicitly derived, which can be used as an indicator for the HTF truncation. Compared with existing solutions, the proposed method is practical in truncating black-box systems with unknown internal parameters, since the truncation error bound can be estimated by the central-column elements of the HTF, which can be easily measured through frequency scan. The truncation approach is finally verified on a three-phase electronic power system by electromagnetic transient simulations.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • A Fuzzy Logic Recommendation System to Support the Design of Cloud-Edge
           Data Analysis in Cyber-Physical Systems

    • Authors: Jonas Queiroz;Paulo Leitão;Eugénio Oliveira;
      Pages: 174 - 187
      Abstract: The ongoing 4th industrial revolution is characterized by the digitization of industrial environments, mainly based on the use of Internet of Things, Cloud Computing and Artificial Intelligence (AI). Regarding AI, although data analysis has shown to be a key enabler of industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) in the development of smart machines and products, the traditional Cloud-centric solutions are not suitable to attend the data and time-sensitive requirements. Complementary to Cloud, Edge Computing has been adopted to enable the data processing capabilities at or close to the physical components. However, defining which data analysis tasks should be deployed on Cloud and Edge computational layers is not straightforward. This work proposes a framework to guide engineers during the design phase to determine the best way to distribute the data analysis capabilities among computational layers, contributing for a lesser ad-hoc design of distributed data analysis in industrial CPS. Besides defining the guidelines to identify the data analysis requirements, the core contribution relies on a Fuzzy Logic recommendation system for suggesting the most suitable layer to deploy a given data analysis task. The proposed approach is validated in a smart machine testbed that requires the implementation of different data analysis tasks for its operation.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Crosstalk Induced Shoot-Through in BTI-Stressed Symmetrical & Asymmetrical
           Double-Trench SiC Power MOSFETs

    • Authors: Juefei Yang;Saeed Jahdi;Bernard Stark;Olayiwola Alatise;Jose Ortiz-Gonzalez;Ruizhu Wu;Phil Mellor;
      Pages: 188 - 202
      Abstract: In this paper, the crosstalk-induced shoot-through current and induced gate voltage of SiC planar MOSFETs, SiC symmetrical double-trench MOSFETs and SiC asymmetrical double-trench MOSFETs is investigated on a half-bridge circuit to analyse the impact of temperature, drain-source voltage switching rate, gate resistance and load current level on crosstalk-induced properties of different SiC MOSFET structures. It shows that due to the smaller gate-source capacitance, the two double-trench MOSFETs exhibit higher induced gate voltage during crosstalk with the same external gate resistance, which together with the higher transconductance, yield higher shoot-through current than the planar MOSFET. Accordingly, their shoot-through current decreases with increasing of the load current while the planar MOSFET exhibits an opposite trend. The different trend of shoot-through current with temperature on DUTs reveals that the crosstalk in different device structures are dominated by different mechanisms, i.e. threshold voltage and channel mobility with the gate-source capacitance influencing the amplitude. Impact of bias temperature instability with positive and negative gate stressing is measured with a range of stress and recover periods at temperateness ranging between 25 °C to 175 °C. These measurements show that the peak shoot-through correlates with the threshold drift, though with less sensitivity for SiC symmetrical and asymmetrical double-trench MOSFETs compared with the planar SiC MOSFET where the inter-dependence is pronounced. A model is developed for the induced gate voltage and shoot-through current during crosstalk with channel current considered. The comparison of the model results with measurement confirms its capability to predict crosstalk in different MOSFET structures.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • A Comprehensive Review on Off-Grid and Hybrid Charging Systems for
           Electric Vehicles

    • Authors: Gautam Rituraj;Gautham Ram Chandra Mouli;Pavol Bauer;
      Pages: 203 - 222
      Abstract: In recent years, the research interest in off-grid (standalone mode) and hybrid (capable of both standalone and grid-connected modes) charging systems for electric vehicles (EVs) has increased. The main reason is to provide a seamless charging infrastructure in urban and rural areas where the electrical grid is unreliable or unavailable so that EV adoption can be increased worldwide. In this regard, this article reviews the state-of-the-art architectures of the off-grid and hybrid charging systems and investigates their various subsystems, such as single or multiple energy sources, power electronics converters, energy storage systems, and energy management strategies. These subsystems should be optimally integrated and operated to achieve low-cost and efficient EV charging. Moreover, each subsystem is explored in detail to find the current status and technology trends. Furthermore, EV charging connectors, their power level, and standards for all kinds of EVs (ranging from one-wheeler to four-wheelers) are reviewed, and suggestions are discussed related to the non-standardization of charging plugs. Finally, conclusions show the continuous efforts of the researchers in improving the systems in various aspects, such as cost reduction, performance improvement, longevity, negative environmental effect, system size minimization, and efficient operation, and highlight challenges for both charging systems.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • DiSortNet: A Network Protocol With Distributed Sorting for Modular
           Multilevel Converters

    • Authors: Tomás P. Corrêa;Luis Almeida;
      Pages: 223 - 235
      Abstract: Several authorsinvestigated the use of internal digital communication networks in Modular Multilevel Converters. The first works in this area keep a centralized control scheme, but they struggle to reach the fast cycle times required for achieving goodcontrol performance, specially as the number of cells increases. To reduce the network cycle time, some authors adopted a partly decentralized control scheme. However, those proposals restrict the capacitorbalancing to a closed-loop strategy and the use of carrier-based modulation. This work introduces DiSortNet, a novel Ethernet-based ring network protocol that achieves low cycle times while preserving the centralized control scheme and its modulation flexibility. DiSortNet emerges from a communications-control co-design approach, which main feature is the distributed sorting of capacitor voltages. We show that distributed sorting implies a marginal degradation in the balancing of capacitor voltages while bounding the network payload and reducing the cycle time. Implementation-wise, using FPGA-based network interfaces, DiSortNet achieves half the cycle-time obtained with EtherCAT in a network with 86 nodes and less than half for larger networks, reaching 157 μs with 300 nodes.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Optimal Sizing and Control of a PV-EV-BES Charging System Including
           Primary Frequency Control and Component Degradation

    • Authors: Wiljan Vermeer;Gautham Ram Chandra Mouli;Pavol Bauer;
      Pages: 236 - 251
      Abstract: This paper proposes a method for optimally dimensioning the components of a prosumer energy management system that integrates photovoltaic (PV) panels, multiple bidirectional electric vehicle chargers, an inverter, and a battery energy storage charger. Besides optimally dimensioning the components, it also optimizes power management while integrating the frequency containment reserve market and Li-ion battery degradation. The results show that the integration of the frequency containment reserve (FCR) market can increase lifetime cost savings by 36%, compared to optimal power management alone and up to 460% compared to non-optimal power management. Furthermore, the effects of PV and battery energy storage (BES) degradation on reservable capacity are analyzed including the importance of battery second-life value on lifetime net present cost is investigated.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Highly Dynamic Eddy-Current-Based Sealed Magnetic Bearing Position
           Measurement With Temperature Drift Correction - “Seeing Through
           Conductive Walls”

    • Authors: Rosario V. Giuffrida;Spasoje Mirić;Johann W. Kolar;Dominik Bortis;
      Pages: 252 - 264
      Abstract: This paper investigates the design of an Eddy Current Sensor (ECS) for position measurement of a moving conductive target located behind a fixed conductive shielding surface. Such a sensor can e.g. be used in completely sealed actuators with magnetically levitated rotor or mover for high purity applications. Starting from the analysis of the sensor’s operating principle, the design of the excitation coil, the achievable sensitivity and bandwidth as well as the temperature stability of the sensor are investigated. Subsequently, a suitable sensor interface, consisting of the driving and signal conditioning electronics, is selected. With this it is possible to distinguish between position and temperature variations, for which the optimal operational frequencies are identified. The results are finally verified with measurements on a hardware sensor prototype, showing that the ECS can achieve a sensitivity of 1 mV/µm, a position resolution of 1 µm, with a measurement bandwidth of 30 kHz and can hence be used to capture the mover’s position in an active magnetic bearing feedback control structure.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
  • Analytical Prototype Functions for Flux Linkage Approximation in
           Synchronous Machines

    • Authors: Shih-Wei Su;Christoph M. Hackl;Ralph Kennel;
      Pages: 265 - 282
      Abstract: Physically motivated and analytical prototype functions are proposed to approximate the nonlinear flux linkages of nonlinear synchronous machines (SMs) in general; and reluctance synchronous machines (RSMs) and interior permanent magnet synchronous machines (IPMSMs) in particular. Such analytical functions obviate the need of huge lookup tables (LUTs) and are beneficial for optimal operation management and nonlinear control of such machines. The proposed flux linkage prototype functions are capable of mimicking the nonlinear self-axis and cross-coupling saturation effects of SMs. Moreover, the differentiable prototype functions allow to easily derive analytical expressions for the differential inductances by simple differentiation of the analytical flux linkage prototype functions. In total, two types of flux linkage prototype functions are developed. The first flux linkage approximation is rather simple and obeys the energy conservation rule for “symmetric” flux linkages of RSMs. With the gained knowledge, the second type of prototype functions is derived in order to achieve approximation flexibility necessary for SMs with permanent (or electrical) excitation with “unsymmetric” flux linkages due to the excitation offset. All proposed flux linkage prototype functions are continuously differentiable, obey the energy conservation rule and, as fitting results show, achieve a (very) high approximation accuracy over the whole operation range.
      PubDate: 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2022)
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