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Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1558-9250
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1176 journals]
  • In vitro experimental study on effect of fiber denier, yarn doubling, and
           specialty treatments on physical and thermal behaviors of knitted sports

    • Authors: Adeel Abbas, Muhammad Sohaib Anas, Zeeshan Azam
      Abstract: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Volume 18, Issue , January-December 2023.
      Knitted sports socks remain in continuous scuff with wearers’ feet and shoes during activities. Such continuous physical contact governs severe pills on socks surface, which is unpleasant for both the wearer and the working life of socks. Hence it becomes necessary to take measures for controlling fabric deterioration, that is, anti-pilling treatments. Though pilling performance is enhanced; however, thermal comfort characteristics are compromised through the treatments. Simultaneous acquirement of both pilling and thermal characteristics is an area of interest. Fiber denier and yarn doubling techniques are among the influential factors in the solution to the problem. Specimens have been developed using four different fiber deniers, two yarn doubling conditions, and two specialty wet treatments under a full factorial experimental design. Results showed a significant variation in pilling behaviors and thermal characteristics before and after treatments in the statistical analysis, predicting the possible stages, that is, a combination of experimental factors for desired characteristics attainment.
      Citation: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
      PubDate: 2023-01-12T12:33:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15589250221148917
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2023)
  • Identification of cashmere and wool based on LBP and GLCM texture feature

    • Authors: Yaolin Zhu, Lu Zhao, Xin Chen, Yunhong Li, Jinmei Wang
      Abstract: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Volume 18, Issue , January-December 2023.
      There are invalid and redundant features in the texture feature extraction method of cashmere and wool fibers, which leads to the low recognition accuracy. In this paper, a novel texture feature selection method based on local binary pattern, the gray level co-occurrence matrix algorithm and chi-square test was proposed to sufficiently extract the effective features of these two fibers. Firstly, the collected images of cashmere and wool fibers are processed to obtain the clear texture images with background removed by pre-processing algorithm and local binary pattern. Then, the texture features are calculated by the gray level co-occurrence matrix, and the optimal 5-dimensional features are extracted by chi-square test to represent the texture information of cashmere and wool. Finally, the two fibers are automatically classified and recognized based on the support vector machine. The experimental results show that the proposed method obtained a high recognition accuracy with the percent of 94.39. It verifies that the method based on texture feature selection is effective to identify cashmere and wool fibers.
      Citation: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
      PubDate: 2023-01-12T12:31:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15589250221146548
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2023)
  • Evaluation model of fabric transient cooling sensation based on multiple
           stepwise regression analysis

    • Authors: Xuemei Li, Shanghui Wang, Yanqing Li, Xiaoke Jin, Leilei Ma, Wei Tian, Chengyan Zhu
      Abstract: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Volume 18, Issue , January-December 2023.
      In this paper, according to the one-dimensional heat transfer mechanism between fabric and human body, it is found that different thermal properties affect different heat transfer stages of fabric. Therefore, we used the maximum heat flux qmax as the index to characterize the transient contact cool feeling of fabrics, and measured the thermal properties, various specifications and surface morphology of 40 kinds of summer fabrics. Firstly, we discussed the influence of the above properties on the transient cool feeling. Secondly, according to multivariate stepwise regression, the significant representative variables are selected, and the prediction model of transient coolness and fabric properties is established. Furthermore, the model was verified to explore the subjective and objective consistency. The results show that, in the transient heat transfer stage, the influencing factors that are significantly related to the cool feeling of fabric include fabric thickness, grammage, volumetric heat capacity, thermal conductivity, warp and weft density, and roughness. The main component representative variables of the cooling sensation regression equation are volumetric heat capacity and thickness, and other variables can be explained by these two variables. Changing them is the key to enhance the cooling sensation. The predicted value of coolness is in good agreement with the subjective evaluation of cooling sensation, which has a certain guiding effect on the actual human cool feeling. The purpose of this study is to find out the main factors that affect the cool feeling, and then apply the established cool feeling model to the development of fabrics in summer, so as to meet the thermal comfort requirements of human body’s fabrics.
      Citation: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
      PubDate: 2023-01-12T12:29:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15589250221144014
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2023)
  • Effect of using alternate elastic and non-elastic yarns in warp on
           shrinkage and stretch behavior of bi-stretch woven fabrics

    • Authors: Lili Jiang, Adeel Zulifqar, Abdul Moqeet Hai, Faiza Anwar, Hong Hu, Fengwei Liu, Haizhen Chen
      Abstract: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Volume 18, Issue , January-December 2023.
      Stretch woven fabrics are known for their elastic and recovery properties. To date, they found many interesting applications from simple jeans to complex fabric structures with functional properties for example bi-stretch auxetic woven fabrics, compressions garments and stretchable textile carriers for healthcare applications. Many studies have been carried out on the physical, mechanical and comfort properties of stretchable knitted and woven fabrics. However, to identify combination of yarns with different stretch properties and other design parameters required to meet multiple objectives in the production and usage of bi-stretch woven fabrics is an area that has been taken up by fabric scientists recently. This study compared the effect of using elastic yarns and alternate elastic and non-elastic yarns in warp on the properties of bi-stretch woven fabrics while using elastic yarns in weft direction. It was found that shrinkage of the fabrics made of elastic yarns was higher along the warp direction as compared to that in weft direction due to shrinkage balancing effect; however, in case of fabrics made of alternate elastic and non-elastic yarns in warp the shrinkage behavior was exact opposite. The comparison of shrinkage for different weave patterns revealed that satin had the highest shrinkage followed by twill and plain, due to least number of interlacements in satin among these three patterns.
      Citation: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
      PubDate: 2023-01-12T12:28:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15589250221137897
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2023)
  • Thermal properties, microstructure analysis, and environmental benefits of
           basalt fiber reinforced concrete

    • Authors: Ansam Qsymah, Mohamed Moafak Arbili, Jawad Ahmad, Saleh M Alogla, Khaled A. Alawi Al-Sodani, Ahmad Hakamy, Yasin Onuralp Özkılıç
      Abstract: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Volume 18, Issue , January-December 2023.
      Numerous scientists have studied basalt fiber (BF) reinforced concrete and found encouraging results. However, information is scattered, and compressive assessment is yet necessary to collect the data from prior research on BF, present research advancement, and future research guidelines of BF reinforced concrete. Furthermore, mostly research focus to review on strength and durability aspects of BF reinforced concrete while no researched focus on thermal properties, microstructure analysis and environmental benefits of BF reinforced concrete. Therefore, the primary focuses of this paper are BF treatment, BF reinforced concrete performance at high temperatures, microstructure analysis, environmental advantages, and application in civil engineering. Results show that BF-reinforced concrete performs much better than traditional concrete at high temperatures. Additionally, the use of BF enhanced the heat conductivity of concrete. BF addition to concrete seems to have reduced interfacial transition zone (ITZ) fractures, according to a microstructure study. When opposed to traditional steel fibers, BFs may be thought as reinforcements that are less harmful to the environment. The study also highlights the significance of BFs in the building industry. The assessment also identified research gap research for further studies.
      Citation: Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
      PubDate: 2023-01-10T12:22:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15589250221146547
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2023)
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