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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
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Jurnal Teknik Elektro
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1411-0059 - ISSN (Online) 2549-1571
Published by Universitas Negeri Semarang Homepage  [79 journals]
  • Coil-based Wireless Power Transfer for Implanted Pacemakers: A Brief

    • Authors: Urfa Khairatun Hisan, Liya Yusrina Sabila, Muhammad Miftahul Amri
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Nowadays, implanted permanent pacemakers (PPM) users need to undergo periodic pacemaker replacement surgery. The surgery is needed since the pacemaker's battery is usually depleted in 5-10 years. This surgery, although poses relatively low health risks, is inconvenient for PPM users. Moreover, the surgery can still be dangerous for PPM users, especially considering that most of the users are elderly. PPM replacement surgery is also costly. In addition to the costs of the surgery itself, the PPM users need to bear the price of the new PPM every time they undergo surgery. Currently, when the PPM's battery runs out, the whole PPM needs to be replaced. This is conducted to prevent the possibility of a leak in the battery seal, which might allow the body fluids to enter the PPM. Typically, once a battery is inserted into the PPM, it will be permanently sealed along with all other electronic components, and thus, battery-only replacement is impossible. Thanks to the recent advancement of wireless power transfer (WPT) technology, a PPM replacement surgery might no longer be necessary in the near future. This article presents a brief review of the current state of coil-based WPT technology and its potential applications in pacemakers. Depending on the load and transmission distance, a recent WPT system for PPM could achieve WPT efficiency as high as 97.91% on air and 78% on pig tissue medium. In terms of output power, recent works that we have summarized showed that they are able to transmit power up to 5W on a WPT system implemented on a human phantom. We also discuss the challenges, limitations, and future prospects for WPT in the medical field, particularly for PPM applications.
      PubDate: 2023-06-20
      DOI: 10.15294/jte.v15i1.42662
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2023)
  • Design and Optimization of Discone Antenna for Medical Device
           Electromagnetic Interference Measurement

    • Authors: Haryo Dwi Prananto, Dwi Mandaris, Aditia Nur Bakti, Achmad Munir
      Pages: 8 - 15
      Abstract: The wide spread of the Internet of Things creates the possibility of electromagnetic interference in medical devices. Therefore, it is necessary to perform risk mitigation by finding the value of electromagnetic interference through measurements using wideband and omnidirectional antennas, e.g., the discone antenna. In this research, the optimization of the S11 value of a designed discone antenna was obtained using simulation from the effect of dimensional variations in discone parameters like disc diameter, cone bottom diameter, gap, and cone height on S11 characteristics. The parameters were combined for optimization. The design was fabricated, and the S11, radiation pattern, gain value and antenna factor, and the ability to measure interference through modeling were measured. Gain value and antenna factor were obtained using the gain-comparison method, which compared the antenna of interest against another antenna with a standard gain. The optimization was successfully performed with a better S11 value. At 5.2 GHz, the value of S11 was below -10 dB. The realization of the design showed similar results to the simulation, and it was found to be able to operate in the medical device frequency range (wideband). The ability of the discone antenna improved in terms of S11 value, especially at 5.2 GHz, where the value was below -17.443 dB. The radiation pattern of the designed antenna is omnidirectional. Additionally, validation was carried out by providing gain value and antenna factor. It has been proved that the designed discone antenna could measure interference successfully by modeling interference sources as electric field sources from all directions.
      PubDate: 2023-06-20
      DOI: 10.15294/jte.v15i1.39688
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2023)
  • Ancillary Services of a Grid-Connected Inverter with Overcurrent
           Protection Capability under Voltage Sag

    • Authors: Sepannur Bandri, Zuriman Anthony, Rafika Andari, Fauzan Ismail
      Pages: 16 - 23
      Abstract: The Distributed Generator of a Photovoltaic System (DGPVS) is an essential factor for future power plant generation, and it can be created by connecting multiple small power plant generators in a microgrid system. This paper focuses on the overcurrent protection of a three-phase grid-connected inverter (3P-GCI) under voltage sag conditions in sustaining connection loss between the 3P-GCI and the primary grid, which involves voltage instability. The ancillary service shows more advantage in overcurrent protection during voltage sags, which limits the generated current under sag duration. Its service can protect the inverter and avoid more disturbances to the primary grid because the 3P-GCI remains connected. Proposed LVRT strategy with limit current feature play the role to protect 3P-GCI under voltage sag. In the normal grid, the 3P-GCI can inject 302W of active power with a power factor (PF) equal to one. 1.4% of VTHD and 4.3% of ITHD shows the performance of the proposed system. Meanwhile, the 3P-GCI injects 239VAr reactive power and reduces injected active power to 135W which is essential to remain connected to the primary grid during voltage sags and limit the generated current. The validation results show that this prototype successfully compensates for the grid voltage drops by injecting 239Var of reactive power and limiting its generated current to 1.592A.
      PubDate: 2023-07-09
      DOI: 10.15294/jte.v15i1.43870
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2023)
  • Underwater Acoustic Intensity Analysis using Noise Assisted-MEMD with
           Varying Distances

    • Authors: Laily Fajarwati, Yusron Feriadi, Endang Widjiati
      Pages: 24 - 29
      Abstract: With current developments, underwater communication using acoustic signals is widely used. Many things need to be prepared to support a reliable underwater communication system, such as taking measurements in a test tank to find out the correct measurement configuration. Underwater acoustic intensity measurements, which are detailed in this paper, are performed in the test tank using distance variation schemes. Measurements were made at various distances of 4, 10, 20, and 50 meters from the signal source. The hydrophone that was used has a sensitivity of -180 dB re 1V/µPa. The hydrophone was placed at a depth of 2 meters below the surface of the water in the test tank, which divided the test tank depth in half to ensure that reflections from the bottom and the surface were kept to a minimum. However, the problem is that there are noisy signals at different frequencies. This paper proposes a method using Noise Assisted - Multivariate Empirical Mode Decomposition (NA-MEMD) to decompose the signal and then calculate the sound intensity. The result shows that an increase in the distance between the transmitter and receiver, also causes a change in the intensity with an average change of 0.467 dB/meter. It is concluded that the NA-MEMD approach was shown to be successful in decomposing the intended signal from the noise to equalize the quality of the signal received at different distances, and the correlation between intensity value and change in distance is resilient, with a correlation value of 0.98, indicating a very strong correlation.
      PubDate: 2023-07-24
      DOI: 10.15294/jte.v15i1.43878
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2023)
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