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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
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Power Electronics and Drives
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2543-4292 - ISSN (Online) 2451-0262
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [389 journals]
  • A Novel Feedback Linearisation Control of Flyback Converter

    • Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach for feedback linearisation in a continuous conduction mode (CCM) of the flyback converter. Due to the unstable zero dynamics, a flyback converter has highly non-linear behaviour. Flyback converters mostly use the indirect (current) control mechanism. In contrast, this paper shows a direct control of the output voltage of a flyback converter with feedback linearisation (a non-linear control method). In the designed controller, an error integrator is applied to improve the dynamic and steady-state behaviour of the controller. To design the feedback linearisation method, the state-space averaged model is determined. The converter and the proposed control are tested in a MatLab/Simulink environment, and the results are compared with other optimal controller methods. The results provide feedback about the efficiency and practical implementation of the proposed method.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Comparative Study of Grid-Following and Grid-Forming Control Schemes in
           Power Electronic-Based Power Systems

    • Abstract: Along with de-carbonisation, the penetration of power electronic converters has increased, and the power system has become a power electronic-based power system. In such a situation, the stability of the power system faces great challenges. In the event of a large disturbance, the power grid will lack the ability to maintain a stable voltage and frequency. In order to improve the stability of the power grid, the traditional grid-following (GFL) control is needed to be converted to the grid-forming (GFM) control. This paper analyses the control schemes of the GFL and GFM converters by investigating their state-space models, and the eigenvalue trajectories of both control schemes are shown to analyse the stability of the systems. Moreover, a case study is exemplified to compare the performance of the two control strategies while responding to frequency disturbances. Finally, a time-domain simulation model of a 15 kW grid-connected converter is built in Matlab/Simulink to benchmark the performance of the GFL and GFM converters under different working conditions. The result reveals that the GFL converter may encounter some instabilities when applied in power electronic-based systems, while the GFM converter is more suitable for the weak power grid.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Analysis of the Stator Current Prediction Capabilities in Induction Motor
           Drive Using the LSTM Network

    • Abstract: In modern areas of knowledge related to electric drive automation, there is often a need to predict the state variables of the drive system state variables, such as phase current and voltage, electromagnetic torque, stator and rotor flux, and others. This need arises mainly from the use of predictive control algorithms but also from the need to monitor the state of the drive to diagnose possible faults that have not yet occurred but may occur in the future. This paper presents a method for predicting stator phase current signals using a network composed of long-short-term memory units, allowing the simultaneous prediction of two signals. The developed network was trained on a set of current signals generated by software. Its operation was verified by simulation tests in a direct rotor flux-oriented control (DRFOC) structure for an induction motor drive in the Matlab/Simulink environment. An important property of this method is the possibility of obtaining a filtering action on the output of the network, whose intensity can be controlled by varying the sampling frequency of the training signals.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of SVC-Coupled Hybrid DSTATCOM using JLMS Algorithm for
           Enhancement of Power Quality

    • Abstract: This research study explains the design and performance of a Static VAR Compensator (SVC) coupled Hybrid Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM) for low voltage power distribution system (PDS). A comparative analysisis done between Voltage Source Inverter (VSI)-based DSTATCOM and SVC Hybrid DSTATCOM using Jordan Least Mean Square (JLMS) algorithm to alleviate the shunt-related power quality (PQ) glitches. The specific design is obtained as compared to the existing neural network toolbox algorithm to improve the estimation speed and accuracy. The main objective is to extract the tuned weighted values of fundamental active and reactive power components of distorted load currents for the switching signal generation using an adaptive JLMS algorithm.Several functions of DSTATCOM and hybrid DSTATCOM using this JLMS controller are showcased for harmonics curtailment, power factor (p.f.) improvement, load balancing, voltage regulation, etc. Simulation results on an SVC Hybrid DSTATCOM have shown an acceptable level of performance under unbalanced loading situations. Finally, some comparative results are provided to validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the suggested topology.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Investigation into Increasing the Motor-Drivable Current Using a
           Thermoelectric Cooling Module

    • Abstract: To enhance the performance of humanoids, mobile robots and manipulators, motors are desired to be able to provide high torque without relying on gears. To be able to drive joint motors with high output, the current value that can flow needs to be increased. However, the heat generated by the high current drive can cause motor failure, so cooling is necessary. We used thermoelectric cooling as a new cooling method for high-power drive of motors. By developing a thermoelectric cooling module for motors and conducting experiments, the effectiveness of thermoelectric cooling was verified. In the experiment, the motor was kept running at a high current for a long period of time. The comparison with the motor alone or with water cooling showed that the thermoelectric cooling module can significantly reduce the rise in temperature of the motor. Furthermore, based on the results of the voltage value measurements, it was expected that the increase in coil resistance due to higher coil temperatures would be kept lower than in other cases. The effect on rise in internal temperature was also considered to be greater than that of water cooling. These experimental results show that the thermoelectric cooling module can be used to increase the upper limit of the current at which the motor is continuously driven.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Universal System for Detection and Compensation of Current Sensor Faults
           in Three-Phase Power Electronic Systems

    • Abstract: The article discusses the universal current sensor fault detection and compensation mechanism, which can be applied in three-phase power electronics (PE) symmetrical system. The mechanism is based on the assumption that a symmetrical system can be described using different components in the stationary reference frame. The solution given in article as a Cri-base detector was tested in electrical drives with induction motors (IMs) and permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs). This study also proves that the same algorithm can work stable in active rectifier systems. Such an application of this detector has not been previously reported in the literature. The article describes the detection of various types of faults in different phases. The fault-tolerant voltage-oriented control (FTVOC) of an active rectifier is compared with previously described solutions for IMs and PMSMs. By analysing in various types of systems, the work proves the universality of the detector based on Cri markers.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Energy Router for Emergency Energy Supply in Urban Cities: A Review

    • Abstract: The current emergency power supply (EPS) measures are not perfect and standardised in response to large-scale power failures, such as city-wide ones. This review paper focuses on reasonably using the emergency electric power source to supply power in case of an abnormal urban power grid, to ensure the regular operation of urban electrical equipment and the daily life of the people. This study first introduces the different kinds of main emergency electric power sources and analyses their advantages and disadvantages. The battery of an electric vehicle as a new potential emergency power source is introduced that can also avoid the loss caused by unexpected power failure. Finally, three different EPS methods are explained in detail for different emergency occasions. Among them, the energy router is reviewed comprehensively considering it is the most potential emergency power distribution approach in the future because of its various applications.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Coordination Control between Battery and Supercapacitor Energy Storage
           Systems to Segregate Power for On-Grid Application

    • Abstract: The present work describes a control methodology for a hybrid energy storage system (HESS) to improve its transient performance under dynamic load conditions. The proposed coordination control enhanced life cycle performance by segregating the power between battery energy storage systems (BESS) and a supercapacitor (SC). The BESS and SC are connected parallel to each other, and two individual DC–DC bidirectional converters connect them to a common DC bus. The coordination control is established between the controllers of BESS and the SC of HESS, which helps to utilise the usable energy capacity of the HESS. The charging/discharging current of the BESS is controlled within the allowable safety range based on the slope and magnitude of the BESS current. The high-frequency power component is handled by the SC, which helps to reduce the extra exhaustion on the BESS during operation with a higher current. The proposed coordination control of HESS is validated through simulation and the results show the effectiveness of the proposed controller.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Modified Topology and Modulation Technique for Z-Source Neutral-Point
           Clamped Inverter

    • Abstract: The impedance network makes it possible to increase and decrease the voltage, which is not available in normal inverters (voltage and current sources).This paper presents a modified topology and modulation technique for a three-phase Modified Z-Source Neutral-Point Clamped (MZS-NPC) inverter. A modulation scheme for the proposed topology is designed based on maximum gain control method to achieve the maximum voltage gain by simple implementation and balancing the neutral point voltage of the dc link. In order to supply the desired voltage to the critical load in an islanded micro-grid, a closed-loop ac voltage controller is realized in fuel cell or photovoltaic applications based on the proposed inverter. The ability to reinforce and validity of topology operations and modulation techniques has been demonstrated by simulation. It should be noted that the simulations are implemented in MATLAB / Simulink software.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Single-source three-phase switched-capacitor-based MLI

    • Abstract: This article proposes a novel three-phase inverter based on the concept of switched capacitors (SCs), which uses a single DC source. A three-phase, seven-level line-to-line output voltage waveform is synthesised by the proposed topology, which includes eight switches, two capacitors, and one diode per phase leg. The proposed topology offers advantages in terms of inherent voltage gain, lower voltage stresses on power switches, and a reduced number of switching components. Additionally, the switched capacitors are self-balanced, thereby eliminating the need for a separate balancing circuit. The proposed structure and its operating principle, the self-balancing mechanism of the capacitors, and the control strategy are all thoroughly explained in the article. The proposed topology has also been compared with some recent SC topologies. Lastly, the proposed topology has been shown to be feasible through simulation and experimentation.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Influence of the Expected Wind Speed Fluctuation on the Number of
           Batteries of the Balancing System

    • Abstract: The article discusses a method of assessing the of dependence of the number of batteries that would be needed to achieve energy balance in distributed generation systems with wind turbines on ambient temperature and on the error involved in predicting the parameters of wind flow (wind speed). To describe the relationship between current rate and capacity in a given current range, Peukert’s law is used. Dependence of the Peukert’s constant on ambient temperature for the lead-acid battery HZB12-180FA is calculated. Taking the lead-acid battery and wind turbine VE-2 as a reference, dependence of area of controlled operation of the battery on the wind speed forecasting error is calculated. The technique of considering ambient temperature, depth of discharge, and wind speed forecasting error when deciding the size of energy storage of the balancing system (the number of batteries and their capacity) is provided. A family of curves representing the dependence of the number of batteries constituting the balancing system on the ambient temperature and the wind speed forecasting error are presented. It is shown that as the wind speed forecasting error increases from 0% to 15% and the ambient temperature decreases from 20 °C to 20 °C, the number of batteries should be increased by approximately 2.81 times in order to maintain the same area of controlled operation of a battery.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Sliding Mode Control-Based MPPT and Output Voltage Regulation of a
           Stand-alone PV System

    • Abstract: When it comes to reducing emissions caused by the generation of electricity, among different renewable energy sources, the solar energy gains prominence, due to its geographical availability, simplicity of implementation, and absence of physical moving parts. However, the performance of photovoltaic systems is dependent on environmental conditions. Depending on temperature and solar irradiation, the photovoltaic (PV) system has an operating point where maximum power can be generated. The techniques that are implemented to find this operating point are the so-called maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms. Since weather conditions are variable in nature, the output voltage of the PV system needs to be regulated to remain equal to the reference. Most of the existing studies focus either on MPPT or on voltage regulation of the PV system. In this paper, the two-stage PV system is implemented so that both MPPT and voltage regulation are achieved simultaneously. Additionally, an improved version of the perturb and observe (P&O) algorithm based on artificial potential fields (APF), called APF-P&O, is presented. According to the results of the simulations carried out in MATLAB/Simulink software, the APF-P&O method is more efficient than the conventional method.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • VSC-Based DSTATCOM for PQ Improvement: A Deep-Learning Approach

    • Abstract: With the rapid advancement of the technology, deep learning supported voltage source converter (VSC)-based distributed static compensator (DSTATCOM) for power quality (PQ) improvement has attracted significant interest due to its high accuracy. In this paper, six subnets are structured for the proposed deep learning approach (DL-Approach) algorithm by using its own mathematical equations. Three subnets for active and the other three for reactive weight components are used to extract the fundamental component of the load current. These updated weights are utilised for the generation of the reference source currents for VSC. Hysteresis current controllers (HCCs) are employed in each phase in which generated switching signal patterns need to be carried out from both predicted reference source current and actual source current. As a result, the proposed technique achieves better dynamic performance, less computation burden and better estimation speed. Consequently, the results were obtained for different loading conditions using MATLAB/Simulink software. Finally, the feasibility was effective as per the benchmark of IEEE guidelines in response to harmonics curtailment, power factor (p.f) improvement, load balancing and voltage regulation.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Automated UAV to Survey and Monitor Ionising Radiation Levels in a Closed

    • Abstract: Since tragedies caused by nuclear disasters are always a concern, it is essential that nuclear power plants be monitored on a regular basis for any irregularities in ionising radiation levels. Irrespective of leakage proof measures being deployed in the plant, ensuring the safety of these measures is necessary. Given this scenario, the present study proposes the usage of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to ensure that radiation levels in nuclear plants remain within safe limits. The UAV deployed will map the entire environment following a unique path planning algorithm and monitor the environment with an onboard radiation sensor. If any irregularities are detected, the positional coordinates are flagged, and the A* algorithm is implemented to generate the shortest path between the starting point, and the flagged coordinates, which are considered as the destination coordinates. The UAV is made to traverse the shortest path together with maintaining stability of the system while traversing.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • An Analysis of a Transformerless Dual Active Half-Bridge Converter

    • Abstract: This paper proposes a transformerless dual half-bridge converter (TLDAHB). By eliminating the transformer and harnessing the possibility of using a low inductor value, it is possible to minimise the size of the converter. A phase-shift pulse width modulation will result in a wide controlled voltage gain of the converter and operation as buck and boost. The theoretical topology analysis, simulation, and experimental results are presented. Theoretical analysis consists of analysis of power transfer and design. In case of experimental research, particular attention was paid to power transfer and efficiency analysis. Near zero switching transient of voltage in the half-bridge topology results with high efficiency.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Stator Winding Fault Detection of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors
           Based on the Short-Time Fourier Transform

    • Abstract: In modern drive systems, the high-efficient permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) have become one of the most substantial components. Nevertheless, such machines are exposed to various types of faults. Hence, on-line condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of PMSMs have become necessary. One of the most common PMSM faults is the stator winding fault. Due to the destructive character of this failure, it is necessary to use fault diagnostic methods that allow fault detection at its early stage. The article presents the results of experimental studies obtained from fast Fourier transform (FFT) and short-time Fourier transform (STFT) analyses of the stator phase current, stator phase current envelope and stator phase current space vector module. The superiority of the proposed method over the classical approach based on the stator current analysis using FFT is highlighted. The proposed solution is experimentally verified under various motor operating conditions. The application of STFT analysis discussed so far in the literature has been limited to the fault diagnosis of induction motors and the narrow range of the analysed motor operating conditions. Moreover, there are no works in the field of motor diagnostics dealing with STFT analysis for stator windings based on the stator current envelope and the stator current space vector module.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Analysis of the Power Supply Influence on the Universal Motor

    • Abstract: Due to their advantageous properties, universal motors are widely used in various applications and can be operated with both AC and DC voltage. Between main advantages of universal motors are their high starting torque, very compact design and high operating speed. In terms of the wide use of the universal motor, we want to analyze the impact of DC and AC power supply on the universal motor in this article. As part of the analysis, measurements were made of the influence of the AC/DC supply on the speed, torque, efficiency and electromagnetic radiation of the motor. At the end of the paper, the results of measurements on a universal motor with DC and AC power supply are presented.
      PubDate: Sun, 19 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Hybrid Energy Storage System with Reconfigurability and Fast

    • Abstract: With the rapid growth of electric vehicles (EVs) in recent years, the research on their energy storage systems (ESSs) has also shown great popularity. A traditional ESS normally has a fixed configuration and uses a single type of energy storage unit. However, this traditional design has some limitations, such as low flexibility and high requirements to unit consistency. To solve these problems, a new hybrid energy storage system is proposed in this paper. The proposed ESS hybridises multiple lithium-ion battery modules and one supercapacitor module. By controlling the states of switches inside the ESS topology, module level reconfiguration can be achieved. Further, a DC/DC converter is also included in the ESS topology, which is connected to the supercapacitor module and can be used to ensure correct ESS output voltage. Reconfiguration and active balancing algorithms are also given based on the proposed ESS topology. Situations with and without bypassing the lithium-ion battery modules are both discussed in the algorithms. The proposed hybrid ESS is finally verified with simulations. The system model is built in the Simulink/MATLAB environment. Simulation results show that the lithium-ion modules with a lower state of charge values have higher priorities to be connected in parallel. Reconfiguration actions are able to balance all lithium-ion battery modules within one Worldwide Harmonised Light-Duty Vehicle Test Cycle (WLTC) simulation cycle while maintaining ESS output voltage within a correct range. Furthermore, the proposed hybrid ESS control algorithms remain valid when one lithium-ion battery module is manually bypassed during simulation.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Three-level Vienna Rectifier with a Brushless and Permanent Magnetless
           Generator for Wind Energy Conversion Systems

    • Abstract: This paper proposes a system design and control technique for a newly developed brushless and permanent magnetless synchronous generator-based variable-speed wind energy generation system, transferring power to a constant voltage dc grid via a three-level Vienna rectifier (VR). The recently established generator named Brushless Induction excited Synchronous Generator (BINSYG) is a wound field synchronous generator (WFSG), whose excitation is developed by controlling an Induction Machine fitted to the same machine structure and sharing the same magnetic core. A new controller is proposed that ensures the stable operation of BINSYG for a wide variation of shaft speeds. VR achieves sinusoidal input current and can control the power factor at its input, which is particularly suitable for wind energy applications. The top and bottom capacitor voltages of the VR are balanced using redundant switching combinations. The system with its proposed control algorithm is modelled in MATLAB/Simulink for a 5 kW rated BINSYG feeding power to a 750 V dc grid. The steady-state and dynamic state simulation results are presented and the controller performance is verified for a wide range of wind speeds. Further, real-time results using the OPAL-RT testbed are presented for the same system to verify the effectiveness of the overall control strategy.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Charging and Discharging Strategies for Clustered Regional Energy Storage

    • Abstract: With the massive expansion of decentralised renewable energy in electricity grid networks, the power supply system has been changed from centralised to decentralised one and from directional to bi-directional one. However, due to the regional energy structure difference in the power imbalance between electricity generation and consumption is becoming more and more serious. A grid-scale energy storage system (ESS) can be one solution to balance the local difference. In this paper, two charging/discharging strategies for the grid-scale ESS were proposed to decide when and with how much power to charge/discharge the ESS. In order to realise the two strategies, this paper focuses on the application of fuzzy logic control system. The proposed strategies aim to reduce the peak power generation, consumption and the grid fluctuation. In particular, this paper analysis the ratio between energy-capacity and rated power of ESS. The performance of the proposed strategies is evaluated from two aspects, the normalised power of ESS itself and the influence on the power grid. Simulation studies were carried out on the rule-based control systems with different energy-to-power (e2p) ratios, and the results show that the proposed charging strategy with combination of extreme situation of power imbalance and the rest capacity of ESS provides a smooth load curve for the regional power grid system while the external power exchange is reduced effectively.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
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