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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
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Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2332-3280 - ISSN (Online) 2332-3299
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [50 journals]
  • A Design of a Robust Analog PWM Solar Charge Controller for the Off-Grid
           Solar Home System: Fixed Frequency Current Control Mode

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2021
      Source:Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering  Volume  8  Number  3  Mohammad Shariful Islam   Solar Home System (SHS) is a stand-alone power solution in an isolated area where the national power grid connection is not accessible. Presently using the off-grid solar home system has one solar panel, one lead-acid batter, one PWM Solar charge controller, and 12V DC power operated lamp solutions, fan, television, radio. Various solar home system packages have been introduced so far, which have offered different product features with price variations. Solar home system size is small, so producing energy is insufficient to fulfill the customer's demand. This research paper presented a novel feature analog PWM solar charging techniques through the algorithm of the fixed frequency current mode controller, which also satisfy the requirements of existing off-grid solar home system users to reduce self-power consumption thus purchasing at an affordable cost. This design set up four periods voltage threshold points as a safeguard for the battery to consider battery voltage level, cable length resistance, battery internal resistance, and EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) effects. PWM solar charging improves the charging strategy by protecting against surge voltage and lightning. The study is divided into three sections: solar charging, regulating signals, and voltage comparator. Accordingly, high-sophisticated fixed-frequency current mode controllers are a noise-free switching gate drive signal with simulation data. The design feature also ignores the EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) noise impact on digital IC's input signals.
      PubDate: Oct 2021
       
  • Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Interface System Based Short Circuit Fault Diagnoses
           in a Three Phase Induction Motor Drive System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2021
      Source:Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering  Volume  8  Number  2  Khaled A. Mahafzah   and Hossam Fraihat   Induction motors are commonly used in different industrial, housing and medical applications, such as air conditioners, transportation, elevators and others. These motors are rugged, reliable and economical. Generally, the reliable operation of the motor and its drive system is very important in industry so that any expected fault must be detected immediately by a monitoring system. This paper reviews and simulates a three-phase induction motor model and different types of faults that may happen in the drive system. Due to short circuit severity on the overall drive system, this study focuses only on short circuit faults, e.g., when any Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) is shorted out and DC link capacitor is shorted out. Also, an Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Interface System (ANFIS) algorithm is programmed to detect different types of faults and classify them. The ANFIS system takes two parameters as input from the motor: the first one is the load torque whereas the second one is the stator current. Whereas, the previously published works analyze only the motor's stator current. MATLAB is used to train the ANFIS system and also to analyze samples. Additionally, LTSpice is used simulate the drive system. The ANFIS system shows very high accuracy in short circuit fault detection and classification.
      PubDate: May 2021
       
  • Implementation of an IEC 61850-Based Metering Device Using Open-Source
           Software

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2021
      Source:Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering  Volume  8  Number  2  Mayamiko Hara   and Carl Kriger   The continued adoption of renewable energy and distributed generators has resulted in a rising number of supply points within the traditional electric power grid, necessitating the need for enhanced monitoring capabilities. The IEC 61850 standard can become an enabling technology for enhanced monitoring, but prohibitively high costs and complexity of compliant devices could become an impediment. Open-source IEC 61850 libraries, coupled with single-board computers and digital signal processors, provide a possible low-cost solution. This work presents the process of modelling and implementing such a device using an IEC 61850 open-source library, a Raspberry Pi embedded platform and an ADE9000 analogue front-end. Measurement accuracy and interoperability compliance tests are conducted to determine the suitability of the device for use in an industrial setting. A key contribution of the findings in this paper is the modelling and implementation of a viable, interoperable and low-cost IEC 61850-based power quality monitoring device using off-the-shelf components and an open-source software library. The implementation of this device provides a platform that is easily modifiable for use in a range of applications. Another contribution is the method of modelling IEC 61850 logical nodes and functions to analogue front-end measurement registers. The knowledge demonstrated shows how device modelling techniques can be used to extract additional information for mapping to existing logical nodes or to develop new ones. The paper's findings result in a low-cost IEC 61850-based power quality monitoring device. The device has applications as a general utility-scale monitor for DER plants, check metering, IEC 61850-based power quality mitigation algorithms and short-term power quality studies. It may also function as a low-cost entry point to IEC 61850-based communications in smaller municipalities, and additionally as a lab test and prototyping tool for technicians, engineers and university students.
      PubDate: May 2021
       
  • The Impact of Hamming Code and Cyclic Code on MPSK and MQAM Systems over
           AWGN Channel: Performance Analysis

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2021
      Source:Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering  Volume  8  Number  1  Amjad Abu-Baker   Khaled Bani-Hani   Firas Khasawneh   and Abdullah Jaradat   Designing efficient and reliable data transmission systems is an attractive area of research as it has become an essential requirement for the cutting-edge technologies. Error Control Coding (ECC) is a method used to control errors in a message to achieve reliable delivery through unreliable or noisy channel. Employing ECC in a communication system enable the sender to encode the message with redundant bits to form a codeword and transmits it over a noisy channel to the receiver, and then the receiver detects and corrects the errors which may occur during transmission without requesting for retransmission. In this sense this communication system becomes reliable and energy-efficient. To this end, this paper addresses two techniques of ECC: Hamming code and cyclic code. Besides, this work investigates the impact of these codes on M-ary Phase Shift Keying (MPSK) and M-ary Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (MQAM) systems over an Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) Channel in terms of coding gain. The simulation results show significant coding gain for these codes. Another finding is that cyclic codes show better performance than Hamming codes for lower modulation order, while both of them show similar performance for higher modulation order. These findings can provide essential guidance when designing reliable and energy-efficient system.
      PubDate: Feb 2021
       
  • Two Algorithms for Load Flow Analysis in Balanced Radial Distribution
           Systems

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2021
      Source:Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering  Volume  8  Number  1  Rubén Villafuerte   Jesús Medina   Rubén A. Villafuerte S.   Victorino Juárez   Manuel González   and Erika Barojas   This paper was developed with the purpose of knowing the behavior of radial distribution systems that operate in balanced conditions. Two algorithms were used to calculate the voltage at the network nodes and with them the load flow in each line. With the application of Kirchhoff's laws of electrical circuits, a one-dimensional arrangement of order N and a two-dimensional arrangement of order Nx5 are generated, both depend on the impedances and the shunt admittances. With these two arrangements, a non-linear function f (V1, V2 ,,, VN,, Sc) was generated, which depends on the voltages Vi and the complex power Sc demanded at each node of the distribution system. These equations were solved iteratively, two methods were applied; In the first method, the Halley formula with an acceleration factor α was used to solve the non-linear function f (V1, V2 ,,, VN,, Sc), in the second method, the Gaussian method was applied in the same way that it is used for load flows in interconnected systems. The two algorithms were applied to test systems of 40, 70 and 80 nodes, obtaining results similar to those reported in the specialized literature where they make use of other solution methods. In the author's opinion, the proposed algorithms represent alternatives for the study of energy distribution systems. An advantage of the methods is that they are simple code and there are differences between them, the second method has a faster convergence.
      PubDate: Feb 2021
       
 
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