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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
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Frontiers of Optoelectronics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.365
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2095-2759 - ISSN (Online) 2095-2767
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Correction to: Organic photodiodes: device engineering and applications

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      PubDate: 2022-12-30
       
  • Preface to the special issue on “Recent Advances in Functional
           Fibers”

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      PubDate: 2022-12-29
       
  • A “light chaser” and his dream of Optics Valley of China

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      PubDate: 2022-12-28
       
  • Organic optoelectronics creating new opportunities for science and
           applications

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      PubDate: 2022-12-26
       
  • Organic photodiodes: device engineering and applications

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      Abstract: Organic photodiodes (OPDs) have shown great promise for potential applications in optical imaging, sensing, and communication due to their wide-range tunable photoelectrical properties, low-temperature facile processes, and excellent mechanical flexibility. Extensive research work has been carried out on exploring materials, device structures, physical mechanisms, and processing approaches to improve the performance of OPDs to the level of their inorganic counterparts. In addition, various system prototypes have been built based on the exhibited and attractive features of OPDs. It is vital to link the device optimal design and engineering to the system requirements and examine the existing deficiencies of OPDs towards practical applications, so this review starts from discussions on the required key performance metrics for different envisioned applications. Then the fundamentals of the OPD device structures and operation mechanisms are briefly introduced, and the latest development of OPDs for improving the key performance merits is reviewed. Finally, the trials of OPDs for various applications including wearable medical diagnostics, optical imagers, spectrometers, and light communications are reviewed, and both the promises and challenges are revealed. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
       
  • Advanced functional nanofibers: strategies to improve performance and
           expand functions

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      Abstract: Nanofibers have a wide range of applications in many fields such as energy generation and storage, environmental sensing and treatment, biomedical and health, thanks to their large specific surface area, excellent flexibility, and superior mechanical properties. With the expansion of application fields and the upgrade of application requirements, there is an inevitable trend of improving the performance and functions of nanofibers. Over the past few decades, numerous studies have demonstrated how nanofibers can be adapted to more complex needs through modifications of their structures, materials, and assembly. Thus, it is necessary to systematically review the field of nanofibers in which new ideas and technologies are emerging. Here we summarize the recent advanced strategies to improve the performances and expand the functions of nanofibers. We first introduce the common methods of preparing nanofibers, then summarize the advances in the field of nanofibers, especially up-to-date strategies for further enhancing their functionalities. We classify these strategies into three categories: design of nanofiber structures, tuning of nanofiber materials, and improvement of nanofibers assemblies. Finally, the optimization methods, materials, application areas, and fabrication methods are summarized, and existing challenges and future research directions are discussed. We hope this review can provide useful guidance for subsequent related work. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
       
  • Dissipative Kerr single soliton generation with extremely high probability
           via spectral mode depletion

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      Abstract: Optical Kerr solitons generation based on microresonators is essential in nonlinear optics. Among various soliton generation processes, the single soliton generation plays a pivotal role since it ensures rigorous mode-locking on each comb line whose interval equals the free spectral range (FSR) of the microresonator. Current studies show that single soliton generation is challenging due to cavity instability. Here, we propose a new method to greatly improve single soliton generation probalility in the anomalous group velocity dispersion (GVD) regime in a micro-ring resonator based on silicon nitride. The improvement is realized by introducing mode depletion through an integrated coupled filter. It is convenient to introduce controllable single mode depletion in a micro-ring resonator by adjusting the response function of a coupled filter. We show that spectral mode depletion (SMD) can significantly boost the single soliton generation probability. The effect of SMD on the dynamics of optical Kerr solitons generation are also discussed. The proposed method offers a straightforward and simple way to facilitate robust single soliton generation, and will have an impact on the research development in optical Kerr soliton generation and on-chip optical frequency mode manipulation. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Copper-based metal halides for X-ray and photodetection

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      Abstract: Copper-based metal halides have become important materials in the field of X-ray and photodetection due to their excellent optical properties, good environmental stability and low toxicity. This review presents the progress of research on crystal structure/morphology, photophysics/optical properties and applications of copper-based metal halides. We also discuss the challenges of copper-based metal halides with a perspective of their future research directions. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
       
  • Recent advances in developing high-performance organic hole transporting
           materials for inverted perovskite solar cells

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      Abstract: Inverted perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) have recently made exciting progress, showing high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 25% in single-junction devices and 30.5% in silicon/perovskite tandem devices. The hole transporting material (HTM) in an inverted PVSC plays an important role in determining the device performance, since it not only extracts/transports holes but also affects the growth and crystallization of perovskite film. Currently, polymer and self-assembled monolayer (SAM) have been considered as two types of most promising HTM candidates for inverted PVSCs owing to their high PCEs, high stability and adaptability to large area devices. In this review, recent encouraging progress of high-performance polymer and SAM-based HTMs is systematically reviewed and summarized, including molecular design strategies and the correlation between molecular structure and device performance. We hope this review can inspire further innovative development of HTMs for wide applications in highly efficient and stable inverted PVSCs and the tandem devices. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00050-3
       
  • Broadband optical frequency comb generation based on single
           electro-absorption modulation driven by radio frequency coupled signals

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      Abstract: Broadband optical frequency comb (OFC) generation based on a single electro-absorption modulator (EAM) is proposed. The EAM is driven by a radio frequency (RF) multi-frequency signal generated by a multiplication coupler composed of an electrical power splitter and an arithmetic circuit. Thus the number of comb-lines of the generated OFC can be increased. A complete theoretical model of OFC generation by an EAM driven by nth power of the RF source is established, and the performance of the OFC is analyzed by using OptiSystem software. The results show that, the number of comb-lines of the OFC is positively correlated with the number of multiplication of the RF source signal. The frequency spacing of the comb-lines is twice the frequency of the RF source signal and is tunable by adjusting the frequency of the RF source signal. Increasing chirp factor and modulation index of EAM could increase the number of comb-lines of the generated OFC. The amplitude of the RF source signal had little impact on the flatness of the OFC and the average OFC power. The scheme developed is not only simple and low-cost, but also can produce a large number of comb-lines. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-11-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00045-0
       
  • A sensitization strategy for highly efficient blue fluorescent organic
           light-emitting diodes

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      Abstract: Highly efficient blue fluorescent materials have recently attracted great interest for organic light-emitting diode (OLED) application. Here, two new pyrene based organic molecules consisting of a highly rigid skeleton, namely SPy and DPy, are developed. These two blue light emitters exhibit excellent thermal stability. The experiment reveals that the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of the emission spectrum can be tuned by introducing different amounts of 9,9-diphenyl-N-phenyl-9H-fluoren-2-amine on pyrene units. The FWHM of the emission spectrum is only 37 nm in diluted toluene solution for DPy. Furthermore, highly efficient blue OLEDs are obtained by thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) sensitization strategy. The blue fluorescent OLEDs utilizing DPy as emitters achieve a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 10.4% with the electroluminescence (EL) peak/FWHM of 480 nm/49 nm. Particularly, the EQE of DPy-based device is boosted from 2.6% in non-doped device to 10.4% in DMAc-DPS TADF sensitized fluorescence (TSF) device, which is a 400% enhancement. Therefore, this work demonstrates that the TSF strategy is promising for highly efficient fluorescent OLEDs application in wide-color-gamut display field. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-11-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00046-z
       
  • Dark current modeling of thick perovskite X-ray detectors

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      Abstract: Metal halide perovskites (MHPs) have demonstrated excellent performances in detection of X-rays and gamma-rays. Most studies focus on improving the sensitivity of single-pixel MHP detectors. However, little work pays attention to the dark current, which is crucial for the back-end circuit integration. Herein, the requirement of dark current is quantitatively evaluated as low as 10−9 A/cm2 for X-ray imagers integrated on pixel circuits. Moreover, through the semiconductor device analysis and simulation, we reveal that the main current compositions of thick perovskite X-ray detectors are the thermionic-emission current (JT) and the generation-recombination current (Jg-r). The typical observed failures of p–n junctions in thick detectors are caused by the high generation-recombination current due to the band mismatch and interface defects. This work provides a deep insight into the design of high sensitivity and low dark current perovskite X-ray detectors. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00044-1
       
  • Design and simulation of type-I graphene/Si quantum dot superlattice for
           intermediate-band solar cell applications

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      Abstract: Recent experiments suggest graphene-based materials as candidates for use in future electronic and optoelectronic devices. In this study, we propose a new multilayer quantum dot (QD) superlattice (SL) structure with graphene as the core and silicon (Si) as the shell of QD. The Slater–Koster tight-binding method based on Bloch theory is exploited to investigate the band structure and energy states of the graphene/Si QD. Results reveal that the graphene/Si QD is a type-I QD and the ground state is 0.6 eV above the valance band. The results also suggest that the graphene/Si QD can be potentially used to create a sub-bandgap in all Si-based intermediate-band solar cells (IBSC). The energy level hybridization in a SL of graphene/Si QDs is investigated and it is observed that the mini-band formation is under the influence of inter-dot spacing among QDs. To evaluate the impact of the graphene/Si QD SL on the performance of Si-based solar cells, we design an IBSC based on the graphene/Si QD (QDIBSC) and calculate its short-circuit current density (Jsc) and carrier generation rate (G) using the 2D finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. In comparison with the standard Si-based solar cell which records Jsc = 16.9067 mA/cm2 and G = 1.48943 × 1028 m−3⋅s−1, the graphene/Si QD IBSC with 2 layers of QDs presents Jsc = 36.4193 mA/cm2 and G = 7.94192 × 1028 m−3⋅s−1, offering considerable improvement. Finally, the effects of the number of QD layers (L) and the height of QD (H) on the performance of the graphene/Si QD IBSC are discussed. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-10-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00043-2
       
  • Van der Waals epitaxial growth and optoelectronics of a vertical MoS2/WSe2
           p–n junction

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      Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have attracted extensive attention due to their unique electronic and optical properties. In particular, TMDs can be flexibly combined to form diverse vertical van der Waals (vdWs) heterostructures without the limitation of lattice matching, which creates vast opportunities for fundamental investigation of novel optoelectronic applications. Here, we report an atomically thin vertical p–n junction WSe2/MoS2 produced by a chemical vapor deposition method. Transmission electron microscopy and steady-state photoluminescence experiments reveal its high quality and excellent optical properties. Back gate field effect transistor (FET) constructed using this p–n junction exhibits bipolar behaviors and a mobility of 9 cm2/(V·s). In addition, the photodetector based on MoS2/WSe2 heterostructures displays outstanding optoelectronic properties (R = 8 A/W, D* = 2.93 × 1011 Jones, on/off ratio of 104), which benefited from the built-in electric field across the interface. The direct growth of TMDs p–n vertical heterostructures may offer a novel platform for future optoelectronic applications. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00041-4
       
  • Flexible thermochromic fabrics enabling dynamic colored display

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      Abstract: Color-changeable fibers can provide diverse functions for intelligent wearable devices such as novel information displays and human–machine interfaces when woven into fabric. This work develops a low-cost, effective, and scalable strategy to produce thermochromic fibers by wet spinning. Through a combination of different thermochromic microcapsules, flexible fibers with abundant and reversible color changes are obtained. These color changes can be clearly observed by the naked eye. It is also found that the fibers exhibit excellent color-changing stability even after 8000 thermal cycles. Moreover, the thermochromic fibers can be fabricated on a large scale and easily woven or implanted into various fabrics with good mechanical performance. Driven by their good mechanical and physical characteristics, applications of thermochromic fibers in dynamic colored display are demonstrated. Dynamic quick response (QR) code display and recognition are successfully realized with thermochromic fabrics. This work well confirms the potential applications of thermochromic fibers in smart textiles, wearable devices, flexible displays, and human–machine interfaces. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00042-3
       
  • Ligand exchange engineering of FAPbI3 perovskite quantum dots for solar
           cells

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      Abstract: Formamidinium lead triiodide (FAPbI3) perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) show great advantages in photovoltaic applications due to their ideal bandgap energy, high stability and solution processability. The anti-solvent used for the post-treatment of FAPbI3 PQD solid films significantly affects the surface chemistry of the PQDs, and thus the vacancies caused by surface ligand removal inhibit the optoelectronic properties and stability of PQDs. Here, we study the effects of different anti-solvents with different polarities on FAPbI3 PQDs and select a series of organic molecules for surface passivation of PQDs. The results show that methyl acetate could effectively remove surface ligands from the PQD surface without destroying its crystal structure during the post-treatment. The benzamidine hydrochloride (PhFACl) applied as short ligands of PQDs during the post-treatment could fill the A-site and X-site vacancies of PQDs and thus improve the electronic coupling of PQDs. Finally, the PhFACl-based PQD solar cell (PQDSC) achieves a power conversion efficiency of 6.4%, compared to that of 4.63% for the conventional PQDSC. This work provides a reference for insights into the surface passivation of PQDs and the improvement in device performance of PQDSCs. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-09-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00038-z
       
  • Highly stable β-ketoenamine-based covalent organic frameworks (COFs):
           synthesis and optoelectrical applications

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      Abstract: Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are one class of porous materials with permanent porosity and regular channels, and have a covalent bond structure. Due to their interesting characteristics, COFs have exhibited diverse potential applications in many fields. However, some applications require the frameworks to possess high structural stability, excellent crystallinity, and suitable pore size. COFs based on β-ketoenamine and imines are prepared through the irreversible enol-to-keto tautomerization. These materials have high crystallinity and exhibit high stability in boiling water, with strong resistance to acids and bases, resulting in various possible applications. In this review, we first summarize the preparation methods for COFs based on β-ketoenamine, in the form of powders, films and foams. Then, the effects of different synthetic methods on the crystallinity and pore structure of COFs based on β-ketoenamine are analyzed and compared. The relationship between structures and different applications including fluorescence sensors, energy storage, photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, batteries and proton conduction are carefully summarized. Finally, the potential applications, large-scale industrial preparation and challenges in the future are presented. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00032-5
       
  • Application of phase-conjugate beams in beam correction and underwater
           optical wireless communication subject to surface wave turbulence

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      Abstract: Water surface wave turbulence is one of the factors affecting the performances of underwater optical wireless communication (UOWC) systems. In our research, a phase-conjugate beam was used to correct the beam distortion and enhance the communication performances when a system is subject to surface wave turbulence. The phase-conjugate beam was generated by a phase-conjugate mirror (PCM), and a turbulence generator was used to generate surface wave turbulence in the experiment. We calculated the beam centroid distribution and the results showed that the phase-conjugate beam had a better propagation performance than the distorted beam at the different water depths. The root mean square (RMS) of the beam centroid for the phase-conjugate beam was 11 times less than that for the distorted beam, which meant that the phase-conjugate beam could effectively correct the beam drift. We further investigated the scintillation index and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR); the results showed that the phase-conjugate beam was able to reduce the scintillation and an obvious improvement in SNR could be obtained. This research has the potential to be applied in UWC. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-09-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00039-y
       
  • Fabrication and characterization of ZnO/Se1-xTex solar cells

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      Abstract: Selenium (Se) element is a promising light-harvesting material for solar cells because of the large absorption coefficient and prominent photoconductivity. However, the efficiency of Se solar cells has been stagnated for a long time owing to the suboptimal bandgap (> 1.8 eV) and the lack of a proper electron transport layer. In this work, we tune the bandgap of the absorber to the optimal value of Shockley–Queisser limit (1.36 eV) by alloying 30% Te with 70% Se. Simultaneously, ZnO electron transport layer is selected because of the proper band alignment, and the mild reaction at ZnO/Se0.7Te0.3 interface guarantees a good-quality heterojunction. Finally, a superior efficiency of 1.85% is achieved on ZnO/Se0.7Te0.3 solar cells. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00040-5
       
  • Correction to: An ultra-compact polarization-insensitive slot-strip mode
           converter

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      PubDate: 2022-08-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-022-00031-6
       
 
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