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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
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Frontiers of Optoelectronics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.365
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2095-2759 - ISSN (Online) 2095-2767
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • White light emission in 0D halide perovskite [(CH3)3S]2SnCl6·H2O crystals
           through variation of doping ns2 ions

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      Abstract: With the rapid development of white LEDs, the research of new and efficient white light emitting materials has attracted increasing attention. Zero dimensional (0D) organic–inorganic hybrid metal halide perovskites with superior luminescent property are promising candidates for LED application, due to their abundant and tailorable structure. Herein, [(CH3)3S]2SnCl6·H2O is synthesized as a host for dopant ions Bi3+ and Sb3+. The Sb3+ doped, or Bi3+/Sb3+ co-doped, [(CH3)3S]2SnCl6·H2O has a tunable optical emission spectrum by means of varying dopant ratio and excitation wavelength. As a result, we can achieve single-phase materials suitable for emission ranging from cold white light to warm white light. The intrinsic mechanism is examined in this work, to clarify the dopant effect on the optical properties. The high stability of title crystalline material, against water, oxygen and heat, makes it promising for further application. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-02-20
       
  • All laser direct writing process for temperature sensor based on graphene
           and silver

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      Abstract: A highly sensitive temperature sensing array is prepared by all laser direct writing (LDW) method, using laser induced silver (LIS) as electrodes and laser induced graphene (LIG) as temperature sensing layer. A finite element analysis (FEA) photothermal model incorporating a phase transition mechanism is developed to investigate the relationship between laser parameters and LIG properties, providing guidance for laser processing parameters selection with laser power of 1–5 W and laser scanning speed (greater than 50 mm/s). The deviation of simulation and experimental data for widths and thickness of LIG are less than 5% and 9%, respectively. The electrical properties and temperature responsiveness of LIG are also studied. By changing the laser process parameters, the thickness of the LIG ablation grooves can be in the range of 30–120 μm and the resistivity of LIG can be regulated within the range of 0.031–67.2 Ω·m. The percentage temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) is calculated as − 0.58%/°C. Furthermore, the FEA photothermal model is studied through experiments and simulations data regarding LIS, and the average deviation between experiment and simulation is less than 5%. The LIS sensing samples have a thickness of about 14 μm, an electrical resistivity of 0.0001–100 Ω·m is insensitive to temperature and pressure stimuli. Moreover, for a LIS-LIG based temperature sensing array, a correction factor is introduced to compensate for the LIG temperature sensing being disturbed by pressure stimuli, the temperature measurement difference is decreased from 11.2 to 2.6 °C, indicating good accuracy for temperature measurement. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-02-05
       
  • Research on a multi-dimensional image information fusion algorithm based
           on NSCT transform

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      Abstract: Traditional inspection cameras determine targets and detect defects by capturing images of their light intensity, but in complex environments, the accuracy of inspection may decrease. Information based on polarization of light can characterize various features of a material, such as the roughness, texture, and refractive index, thus improving classification and recognition of targets. This paper uses a method based on noise template threshold matching to denoise and preprocess polarized images. It also reports on design of an image fusion algorithm, based on NSCT transform, to fuse light intensity images and polarized images. The results show that the fused image improves both subjective and objective evaluation indicators, relative to the source image, and can better preserve edge information and help to improve the accuracy of target recognition. This study provides a reference for the comprehensive application of multi-dimensional optical information in power inspection. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-01-23
       
  • 260 fs, 403 W coherently combined fiber laser with precise high-order
           dispersion management

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      Abstract: An ultrafast fiber laser system comprising two coherently combined amplifier channels is reported. Within this system, each channel incorporates a rod-type fiber power amplifier, with individual operations reaching approximately 233 W. The active-locking of these coherently combined channels, followed by compression using gratings, yields an output with a pulse energy of 504 μJ and an average power of 403 W. Exceptional stability is maintained, with a 0.3% root mean square (RMS) deviation and a beam quality factor M2 < 1.2. Notably, precise dispersion management of the front-end seed light effectively compensates for the accumulated high-order dispersion in subsequent amplification stages. This strategic approach results in a significant reduction in the final output pulse duration for the coherently combined laser beam, reducing it from 488 to 260 fs after the gratings compressor, while concurrently enhancing the energy of the primary peak from 65% to 92%. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-01-22
       
  • Transient breathing dynamics during extinction of dissipative solitons in
           mode-locked fiber lasers

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      Abstract: The utilization of the dispersive Fourier transformation approach has enabled comprehensive observation of the birth process of dissipative solitons in fiber lasers. However, there is still a dearth of deep understanding regarding the extinction process of dissipative solitons. In this study, we have utilized a combination of experimental and numerical techniques to thoroughly examine the breathing dynamics of dissipative solitons during the extinction process in an Er-doped mode-locked fiber laser. The results demonstrate that the transient breathing dynamics have a substantial impact on the extinction stage of both steady-state and breathing-state dissipative solitons. The duration of transient breathing exhibits a high degree of sensitivity to variations in pump power. Numerical simulations are utilized to produce analogous breathing dynamics within the framework of a model that integrates equations characterizing the population inversion in a mode-locked laser. These results corroborate the role of Q-switching instability in the onset of breathing oscillations. Furthermore, these findings offer new possibilities for the advancement of various operational frameworks for ultrafast lasers. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2024-01-19
       
  • High power tunable Raman fiber laser at 1.2 μm waveband

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      Abstract: Development of a high power fiber laser at special waveband, which is difficult to achieve by conventional rare-earth-doped fibers, is a significant challenge. One of the most common methods for achieving lasing at special wavelength is Raman conversion. Phosphorus-doped fiber (PDF), due to the phosphorus-related large frequency shift Raman peak at 40 THz, is a great choice for large frequency shift Raman conversion. Here, by adopting 150 m large mode area triple-clad PDF as Raman gain medium, and a novel wavelength-selective feedback mechanism to suppress the silica-related Raman emission, we build a high power cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser at 1.2 μm waveband. A Raman signal with power up to 735.8 W at 1252.7 nm is obtained. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest output power ever reported for fiber lasers at 1.2 μm waveband. Moreover, by tuning the wavelength of the pump source, a tunable Raman output of more than 450 W over a wavelength range of 1240.6–1252.7 nm is demonstrated. This work proves PDF’s advantage in high power large frequency shift Raman conversion with a cladding pump scheme, thus providing a good solution for a high power laser source at special waveband. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-01-15
       
  • Suppression of deep-level traps via semicarbazide hydrochloride additives
           for high-performance tin-based perovskite solar cells

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      Abstract: Tin perovskites with exemplary optoelectronic properties offer potential application in lead-free perovskite solar cells. However, Sn vacancies and undercoordinated Sn ions on the tin perovskite surfaces can create deep-level traps, leading to non-radiative recombination and absorption of nucleophilic O2 molecules, impeding further device efficiency and stability. Here, in this study, a new additive of semicarbazide hydrochloride (SEM-HCl) with a N–C=O functional group was introduced into the perovskite precursor to fabricate high-quality films with a low concentration of deep-level trap densities. This, in turn, serves to prevent undesirable interaction between photogenerated carriers and adsorbed oxygen molecules in the device’s operational environment, ultimately reducing the proliferation of superoxide entities. As the result, the SEM-HCl-derived devices show a peak efficiency of 10.9% with improved device stability. These unencapsulated devices maintain almost 100% of their initial efficiencies after working for 100 h under continuous AM1.5 illumination conditions. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-29
       
  • Efficient and accurate numerical-projection of electromagnetic multipoles
           for scattering objects

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      Abstract: In this paper, we develop an efficient and accurate procedure of electromagnetic multipole decomposition by using the Lebedev and Gaussian quadrature methods to perform the numerical integration. Firstly, we briefly review the principles of multipole decomposition, highlighting two numerical projection methods including surface and volume integration. Secondly, we discuss the Lebedev and Gaussian quadrature methods, provide a detailed recipe to select the quadrature points and the corresponding weighting factor, and illustrate the integration accuracy and numerical efficiency (that is, with very few sampling points) using a unit sphere surface and regular tetrahedron. In the demonstrations of an isotropic dielectric nanosphere, a symmetric scatterer, and an anisotropic nanosphere, we perform multipole decomposition and validate our numerical projection procedure. The obtained results from our procedure are all consistent with those from Mie theory, symmetry constraints, and finite element simulations. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-29
       
  • Blue emitting exciplex for yellow and white organic light-emitting diodes

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      Abstract: White organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) have several desirable features, but their commercialization is hindered by the poor stability of blue light emitters and high production costs due to complicated device structures. Herein, we investigate a standard blue emitting hole transporting material (HTM) N,N'-bis(naphthalen-1-yl)-N,N'-bis(phenyl)benzidine (NPB) and its exciplex emission upon combining with a suitable electron transporting material (ETM), 3-(biphenyl-4-yl)-5-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole (TAZ). Blue and yellow OLEDs with simple device structures are developed by using a blend layer, NPB:TAZ, as a blue emitter as well as a host for yellow phosphorescent dopant iridium (III) bis(4-phenylthieno[3,2-c]pyridinato-N,C2')acetylacetonate (PO-01). Strategic device design then exploits the ambipolar charge transport properties of tetracene as a spacer layer to connect these blue and yellow emitting units. The tetracene-linked device demonstrates more promising results compared to those using a conventional charge generation layer (CGL). Judicious choice of the spacer prevents exciton diffusion from the blue emitter unit, yet facilitates charge carrier transport to the yellow emitter unit to enable additional exciplex formation. This complementary behavior of the spacer improves the blue emission properties concomitantly yielding reasonable yellow emission. The overall white light emission properties are enhanced, achieving CIE coordinates (0.36, 0.39) and color temperature (4643 K) similar to daylight. Employing intermolecular exciplex emission in OLEDs simplifies the device architecture via its dual functionality as a host and as an emitter. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2023-12-14
       
  • Photostimulation of lymphatic clearance of β-amyloid from mouse brain: a
           new strategy for the therapy of Alzheimer’s disease

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      Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder that poses a significant burden on socio-economic and healthcare systems worldwide. However, the currently available therapy of AD is limited, and new strategies are needed to enhance the clearance of β-amyloid (Aβ) protein and improve cognitive function. Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a non-invasive and effective therapeutic method that has shown promise in treating various brain diseases. Here, we demonstrate that 1267-nm PBM significantly alleviates cognitive decline in the 5xFAD mouse model of AD and is safe as it does not induce a significant increase in cortical temperature. Moreover, with the combination of 3D tissue optical clearing imaging and automatic brain region segmentation, we show that PBM-mediated reductions of Aβ plaques in different subregions of prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus are different. The PBM-induced lymphatic clearance of Aβ from the brain is associated with improvement of memory and cognitive functions in 5xFAD mice. Our results suggest that the modulation of meningeal lymphatic vessels (MLVs) should play an important role in promoting Aβ clearance. Collectively, this pilot study demonstrates that PBM can safely accelerate lymphatic clearance of Aβ from the brain of 5xFAD mice, promoting improvement of neurocognitive status of AD animals suggesting that PBM can be an effective and bedside therapy for AD. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-14
       
  • Local measurement of terahertz field-induced second harmonic generation in
           plasma filaments

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      Abstract: The concept of Terahertz Field-Induced Second Harmonic (TFISH) Generation is revisited to introduce a single-shot detection scheme based on third order nonlinearities. Focused specifically on the further development of THz plasma-based sources, we begin our research by reimagining the TFISH system to serve as a direct plasma diagnostic. In this work, an optical probe beam is used to mix directly with the strong ponderomotive current associated with laser-induced ionization. A four-wave mixing (FWM) process then generates a strong second-harmonic optical wave because of the mixing of the probe beam with the nonlinear current components oscillating at THz frequencies. The observed conversion efficiency is high enough that for the first time, the TFISH signal appears visible to the human eye. We perform spectral, spatial, and temporal analysis on the detected second-harmonic frequency and show its direct relationship to the nonlinear current. Further, a method to detect incoherent and coherent THz inside plasma filaments is devised using spatio-temporal couplings. The single-shot detection configurations are theoretically described using a combination of expanded FWM models with Kostenbauder and Gaussian Q-matrices. We show that the retrieved temporal traces for THz radiation from single- and two-color laser-induced air-plasma sources match theoretical descriptions very well. High temporal resolution is shown with a detection bandwidth limited only by the spatial extent of the probe laser beam. Large detection bandwidth and temporal characterization is shown for THz radiation confined to under-dense plasma filaments induced by < 100 fs lasers below the relativistic intensity limit. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-13
       
  • Weighted spectral correlation angle target detection method for land-based
           hyperspectral imaging

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      Abstract: In land-based spectral imaging, the spectra of ground objects are inevitably affected by the imaging conditions (weather conditions, atmospheric conditions, light conditions, zenith and azimuth angle conditions) and spatial distribution of targets, leading to uncertainties featured by “same object different spectrum”. That is, the spectrum of a ground object may change within a certain range under different imaging conditions. Traditional target detection (TD) methods are mainly based on similarity measurements and do not fully account for the spectral uncertainties. These detection methods are prone to false detections or missed detections. Therefore, reducing the impact of spectral uncertainties on TD is an important research topic in hyperspectral imaging. In this paper, we first review traditional TD methods and compare their principles and characteristics. It is found that the spectral correlation angle (SCA) method has good adaptability in land-based imaging. The shortcoming of the SCA method that it cannot reflect the local spectrum characteristics, is also analyzed. As the effect of spectral uncertainties cannot be completely overcome by the SCA method, a new similarity measurement method, the weighted spectral correlation angle (WSCA) method, is proposed. It can reduce the influence of spectral uncertainties on TD by increasing the weight of particular bands. Finally, we use two sets of experiments to analyze the effect of the WSCA method on TD. Its performance in overcoming spectral uncertainties caused by variations in imaging conditions or uneven spatial distributions of targets is tested. The results show that the WSCA method can effectively reduce the influence of spectral uncertainties and obtain a good detection result. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-11
       
  • Vapor growth of V-doped MoS2 monolayers with enhanced B-exciton emission
           and broad spectral response

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      Abstract: Dynamically engineering the optical and electrical properties in two-dimensional (2D) materials is of great significance for designing the related functions and applications. The introduction of foreign-atoms has previously been proven to be a feasible way to tune the band structure and related properties of 3D materials; however, this approach still remains to be explored in 2D materials. Here, we systematically demonstrate the growth of vanadium-doped molybdenum disulfide (V-doped MoS2) monolayers via an alkali metal-assisted chemical vapor deposition method. Scanning transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that V atoms substituted the Mo atoms and became uniformly distributed in the MoS2 monolayers. This was also confirmed by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Power-dependent photoluminescence spectra clearly revealed the enhanced B-exciton emission characteristics in the V-doped MoS2 monolayers (with low doping concentration). Most importantly, through temperature-dependent study, we observed efficient valley scattering of the B-exciton, greatly enhancing its emission intensity. Carrier transport experiments indicated that typical p-type conduction gradually arisen and was enhanced with increasing V composition in the V-doped MoS2, where a clear n-type behavior transited first to ambipolar and then to lightly p-type charge carrier transport. In addition, visible to infrared wide-band photodetectors based on V-doped MoS2 monolayers (with low doping concentration) were demonstrated. The V-doped MoS2 monolayers with distinct B-exciton emission, enhanced p-type conduction and broad spectral response can provide new platforms for probing new physics and offer novel materials for optoelectronic applications. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
       
  • Enhancement of silicon sub-bandgap photodetection by helium-ion
           implantation

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      Abstract: Silicon sub-bandgap photodetectors can detect light at the infrared telecommunication wavelengths but with relatively weak photo-response. In this work, we demonstrate the enhancement of sub-bandgap photodetection in silicon by helium-ion implantation, without affecting the transparency that is an important beneficial feature of this type of photodetectors. With an implantation dose of 1 × 1013 ions/cm2, the minimal detectable optical power can be improved from − 33.2 to − 63.1 dBm, or, by 29.9 dB, at the wavelength of 1550 nm, and the photo-response at the same optical power (− 10 dBm) can be enhanced by approximately 18.8 dB. Our work provides a method for strategically modifying the intrinsic trade-off between transparency and strong photo-responses of this type of photodetectors. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-06
       
  • An all-silicon design of a high-efficiency broadband transmissive
           terahertz polarization convertor

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      Abstract: Polarization, a fundamental behavior of electromagnetic waves, holds immense potential across diverse domains such as environmental monitoring, biomedicine, and ocean exploration. However, achieving efficient modulation of terahertz waves with wide operational bandwidth poses significant challenges. Here, we introduce an all-silicon polarization converter designed specifically to operate in the terahertz range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Simulation results demonstrate that the average conversion efficiency of cross-linear waves exceeds 80% across a wide frequency range spanning from 1.00 to 2.32 THz, with the highest conversion efficiency peaking at an impressive 99.97%. Additionally, our proposed structure facilitates linear-to-circular polarization conversion with an ellipticity of 1 at 0.85 THz. Furthermore, by rotating the cross-shaped microstructure, active control over arbitrary polarization states can be achieved. To summarize, the proposed structure offers remarkable flexibility and ease of integration, providing a reliable and practical solution for achieving broadband and efficient polarization conversion of terahertz waves. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2023-12-06
       
  • Potassium ion pre-intercalated MnO2 for aqueous multivalent ion batteries

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      Abstract: Manganese dioxide (MnO2), as a cathode material for multivalent ion (such as Mg2+ and Al3+) storage, is investigated due to its high initial capacity. However, during multivalent ion insertion/extraction, the crystal structure of MnO2 partially collapses, leading to fast capacity decay in few charge/discharge cycles. Here, through pre-intercalating potassium-ion (K+) into δ-MnO2, we synthesize a potassium ion pre-intercalated MnO2, K0.21MnO2·0.31H2O (KMO), as a reliable cathode material for multivalent ion batteries. The as-prepared KMO exhibits a high reversible capacity of 185 mAh/g at 1 A/g, with considerable rate performance and improved cycling stability in 1 mol/L MgSO4 electrolyte. In addition, we observe that aluminum-ion (Al3+) can also insert into a KMO cathode. This work provides a valid method for modification of manganese-based oxides for aqueous multivalent ion batteries. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-023-00093-0
       
  • A scheme for realizing nonreciprocal interlayer coupling in bilayer
           topological systems

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      Abstract: Nonreciprocal interlayer coupling is difficult to practically implement in bilayer non-Hermitian topological photonic systems. In this work, we identify a similarity transformation between the Hamiltonians of systems with nonreciprocal interlayer coupling and on-site gain/loss. The similarity transformation is widely applicable, and we show its application in one- and two-dimensional bilayer topological systems as examples. The bilayer non-Hermitian system with nonreciprocal interlayer coupling, whose topological number can be defined using the gauge-smoothed Wilson loop, is topologically equivalent to the bilayer system with on-site gain/loss. We also show that the topological number of bilayer non-Hermitian C6v-typed domain-induced topological interface states can be defined in the same way as in the case of the bilayer non-Hermitian Su–Schrieffer–Heeger model. Our results show the relations between two microscopic provenances of the non-Hermiticity and provide a universal and convenient scheme for constructing and studying nonreciprocal interlayer coupling in bilayer non-Hermitian topological systems. This scheme is useful for observation of non-Hermitian skin effect in three-dimensional systems. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-11-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-023-00094-z
       
  • Localized in-situ deposition: a new dimension to control in fabricating
           surface micro/nano structures via ultrafast laser ablation

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      Abstract: Controllable fabrication of surface micro/nano structures is the key to realizing surface functionalization for various applications. As a versatile approach, ultrafast laser ablation has been widely studied for surface micro/nano structuring. Increasing research efforts in this field have been devoted to gaining more control over the fabrication processes to meet the increasing need for creation of complex structures. In this paper, we focus on the in-situ deposition process following the plasma formation under ultrafast laser ablation. From an overview perspective, we firstly summarize the different roles that plasma plumes, from pulsed laser ablation of solids, play in different laser processing approaches. Then, the distinctive in-situ deposition process within surface micro/nano structuring is highlighted. Our experimental work demonstrated that the in-situ deposition during ultrafast laser surface structuring can be controlled as a localized micro-additive process to pile up secondary ordered structures, through which a unique kind of hierarchical structure with fort-like bodies sitting on top of micro cone arrays were fabricated as a showcase. The revealed laser-matter interaction mechanism can be inspiring for the development of new ultrafast laser fabrication approaches, adding a new dimension and more flexibility in controlling the fabrication of functional surface micro/nano structures. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-023-00092-1
       
  • Role of chloride on the instability of blue emitting mixed-halide
           perovskites

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      Abstract: Although perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) have seen unprecedented development in device efficiency over the past decade, they suffer significantly from poor operational stability. This is especially true for blue PeLEDs, whose operational lifetime remains orders of magnitude behind their green and red counterparts. Here, we systematically investigate this efficiency-stability discrepancy in a series of green- to blue-emitting PeLEDs based on mixed Br/Cl-perovskites. We find that chloride incorporation, while having only a limited impact on efficiency, detrimentally affects device stability even in small amounts. Device lifetime drops exponentially with increasing Cl-content, accompanied by an increased rate of change in electrical properties during operation. We ascribe this phenomenon to an increased mobility of halogen ions in the mixed-halide lattice due to an increased chemically and structurally disordered landscape with reduced migration barriers. Our results indicate that the stability enhancement for PeLEDs might require different strategies from those used for improving efficiency. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-023-00088-x
       
  • Study of the growth mechanism of a self-assembled and ordered
           multi-dimensional heterojunction at atomic resolution

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      Abstract: Multi-dimensional heterojunction materials have attracted much attention due to their intriguing properties, such as high efficiency, wide band gap regulation, low dimensional limitation, versatility and scalability. To further improve the performance of materials, researchers have combined materials with various dimensions using a wide variety of techniques. However, research on growth mechanism of such composite materials is still lacking. In this paper, the growth mechanism of multi-dimensional heterojunction composite material is studied using quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) antimonene and quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) antimony sulfide as examples. These are synthesized by a simple thermal injection method. It is observed that the consequent nanorods are oriented along six-fold symmetric directions on the nanoplate, forming ordered quasi-1D/quasi-2D heterostructures. Comprehensive transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterizations confirm the chemical information and reveal orientational relationship between Sb2S3 nanorods and the Sb nanoplate as substrate. Further density functional theory calculations indicate that interfacial binding energy is the primary deciding factor for the self-assembly of ordered structures. These details may fill the gaps in the research on multi-dimensional composite materials with ordered structures, and promote their future versatile applications. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12200-023-00091-2
       
 
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