Subjects -> RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (Total: 204 journals)
    - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS (2 journals)
    - LEISURE AND RECREATION (24 journals)
    - RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)

RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted by number of followers
Annals of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Translation Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Issues in Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Tourism Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Sustainable Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Travel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tourism Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Heritage Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Tourism and Himalayan Adventures     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Mobilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nepalese Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Tourism Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
E-Journal of Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Information Technology & Tourism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Tourism Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cornell Hospitality Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism & Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism Planning & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anatolia : An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Studies in Travel Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tourism Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Management Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Culture & Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Space and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Event Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of China Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Tourism Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Knowledge Management in Tourism and Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tourist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tourism Recreation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism Futures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hospitality and Event Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business & Hotel Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ecotourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Craft Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tourism in Marine Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Turismo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Vacation Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Virtual de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatolia : A Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tourism & Adventure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Journal : Tourism and Hospitality Essentials Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marketing & Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mondes du Tourisme     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gestion Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Place Management and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Travel Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tourism Critiques : Practice and Theory     Open Access  
ARA : Revista de Investigación en Turismo     Open Access  
Tourism and Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research     Open Access  
Perspectives in Asian Leisure and Tourism     Open Access  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Sasdaya : Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Sciences in Travel and Hospitality     Open Access  
Gaze: Journal of Tourism and Hospitality     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education     Open Access  
Journal of International and Thai Tourism     Open Access  
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Dusit Thani College Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Tourism and Travelling     Open Access  
Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights     Hybrid Journal  
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness     Open Access  
Jurnal Destinasi Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal Analisis Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal IPTA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kepariwisataan dan Hospitalitas     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Terapan     Open Access  
Via : Tourism Review     Open Access  
Matkailututkimus     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Turismo y Empresa     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Derecho del Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
ROTUR : Revista de Ocio y Turismo     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Pesona     Open Access  
Geotourism/Geoturystyka     Open Access  
Revista Organizações em Contexto     Open Access  
Geofronter     Open Access  
Espiga     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica de Administração e Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Academicus     Open Access  
Matrik : Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Cenário : Revista Interdisciplinar em Turismo e Território     Open Access  
Turystyka Kulturowa     Open Access  
Jurnal Master Pariwisata (Journal Master in Tourism Studies)     Open Access  
RACE - Revista de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia     Open Access  
Research in Hospitality Management     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Ambiente y Turismo     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de turism - studii si cercetari in turism     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Téoros     Open Access  
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality Financial Management     Open Access  
TRANSIT     Open Access  
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Journeys     Full-text available via subscription  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Travel Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.82
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0047-2875 - ISSN (Online) 1552-6763
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • An Updated Framework for Theoretical and Practical Engagement With
           Sustainable Tourism Quality Control Tools

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Laura Lesar, David Bruce Weaver, Sarah Gardiner
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Quality control tools, such as certification programs, translate sustainable tourism into practice. Recent scholarship demonstrates considerable tool diversification, yet further theoretical and practical engagement is impeded by the absence of an updated conceptual framework. This conceptual research is the first to extend the only existing framework, the one-dimensional Quality Control Spectrum, after more than 15 years of quiescence. The proposed three-dimensional framework illustrates 26 tools organized across function categories (how each tool progresses sustainability), toolboxes (expressions of strength) and operational Fordism (expressions of adaptability). This reconceptualized diversity highlights tools facilitating flexible post-Fordist and less flexible Fordist models of sustainable tourism. The identification of “neo-Fordist” tools, which fuse characteristics of Fordist and post-Fordist practice, is a related substantive contribution. The framework provides a new paradigmatic basis for future theoretical engagement with sustainable tourism while offering a framework for pragmatic practitioner engagement.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-29T12:33:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221115177
       
  • Airlines: Standardize Your International Advertising!

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      Authors: Jean-Marc Décaudin, Denis Lacoste
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this article is to determine whether it is appropriate to standardize airline communication at the international level. Most previous research on international services advertising has carried out content analyses only, without measuring effectiveness. The contribution of this article lies in measuring the effectiveness of advertising strategies in an international service sector. The reaction of consumers to specific advertisements in France and the United Kingdom (UK) was measured. A sample of 200 consumers from these two countries were exposed to various airline advertising campaigns representing the five main advertising strategies presented in the literature. The effectiveness of each advertising strategy was measured. The results show that there are no major differences in the effectiveness of the different advertising strategies in France and the UK. These findings seem to indicate that when airlines are present in the two countries, they should standardize their advertising communication.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-29T12:32:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221115176
       
  • There is No Place Like Home for the Holidays: Who Travels in the Midst of
           a Deadly Pandemic'

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      Authors: Stephen W. Litvin, Daniel Guttentag
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      The 2020 year-end holidays were a time of much apprehension regarding COVID-19, with U.S. health officials concerned that travel would result in a post-holiday surge of the disease. As such, much effort was expended encouraging people to forego their normal travel. Many Americans, however, ignored this advice and a strong uptick of travel within the U.S. was soon followed by an alarming increase in COVID cases. A U.S. online survey was conducted to better understand those individuals who made the risky decision to travel despite being encouraged by their government not to do so. Those who traveled for the holidays were compared with those who stayed home, based on their attitudes toward COVID, various psychographic characteristics associated with risk, political attitudes, and demographics. The between-group differences, shared herein, were startlingly clear. The findings are of theoretical value and will prove useful when setting policy and messaging during future crises.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-28T09:44:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221113888
       
  • How Does Globalization Influence the Impact of Tourism on Carbon Emissions
           and Ecological Footprint' Evidence from African Countries

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      Authors: Kizito Uyi Ehigiamusoe, Muhammad Shahbaz, Xuan Vinh Vo
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Tourism and globalization are considered as drivers of economic growth since they boost income, job opportunities, infrastructural development, international trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, and technological diffusion. However, the economic benefits of tourism and globalization could occur at the expense of increased energy consumption (from fossil fuels) and other pollution-intensive activities that worsen environmental degradation, especially in countries with lax institutions and environmental standards. The roles of tourism, globalization, and their interaction term on environmental degradation have not been thoroughly investigated. Hence, this study analyzes the moderating role of globalization on the impact of tourism on environmental degradation (carbon emissions and ecological footprint) in 31 African countries using different dimensions of tourism and globalization. It uncovers the marginal effect of tourism on environmental degradation at different levels of globalization. It utilizes strategies that account for cointegration, dynamism, endogeneity, heterogeneity, cross sectional dependency, and causality. Evidence from this study shows that globalization and its dimensions play favorable moderating roles on the impact of tourism on carbon emissions. The marginal effect of tourism on carbon emissions decreases as globalization increases, suggesting that a simultaneous increase in tourism and globalization can mitigate carbon emissions. However, no evidence to show that globalization can mitigate the environmental impact of tourism on ecological footprint. The findings differ probably because carbon emissions and ecological footprint measure different aspects of environmental degradation. This analysis emphasizes the need for countries to consider the interaction between tourism and globalization in their quest to ensure environmental sustainability.JEL Classification: F64, Q53, Z32
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-28T06:06:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221113886
       
  • Tour Leader–Member Exchange (TLMX): Scale Development and Validation

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      Authors: Sheng-Hshiung Tsaur, Tien-Ming Cheng, Ci-Yao Hong
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Exchanges between tour leaders and tour members can affect the smooth operation of a group tour, yet measures of this relationship have not been addressed by previous studies. The main purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and valid scale of the TLMX relationship from the perspectives of both tour leaders and tour members. The initial items of the scale were obtained from in-depth interviews based on the critical incident technique and with rigorous content analysis. First, an Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed by investigating 221 tour leaders, and six factors were identified: harmony, trust, concerted effort, respect, information sharing, and tolerance. Second, the validity of the derived TLMX scale was then tested by confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of 432 tour members. The scale serves as a useful tool for tour members to measure the extent of TLMX and provide management implications for travel agencies.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-28T06:03:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221109826
       
  • Which Public Attraction Gets (and Gets More) Government Funding' The
           Effects of Internal and External Factors

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      Authors: Junya Liu, Suiwen (Sharon) Zou, Jamie M. Chen
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Public attractions’ financial viability heavily depends upon sufficient government funding. However, research on government allocations has historically been rare. Drawn on the public administration and finance literature, this study addresses this gap by using a panel dataset of 262 public attractions in China from 2015 to 2018. Double-hurdle models, Heckman two-stage approach, multiple-hurdle approach, and quantile regressions are employed to examine the relationship between government funding, attraction characteristics, and local economic conditions. The findings suggest that attraction characteristics are associated with the amount of government appropriations, but they are less impactful on the attractions’ likelihood of receiving funding. The effects of attraction characteristics on government funding are asymmetric—as attractions’ government funding level increases, attraction type and quality exert stronger impacts while other characteristics influence less. The local economic condition is a significant factor in the amount of government funding. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-26T10:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221113885
       
  • Engendering Pro-Sustainable Performance Through a Multi-Layered Gender
           Diversity Criterion: Evidence From the Hospitality and Tourism Sector

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      Authors: Ali Meftah Gerged, Mi Tran, Eshani S. Beddewela
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study seeks to examine the influence of multi-layered gender diversity mechanisms on firms’ decision to engage in pro-sustainable performance in the context of Hospitality and Tourism (H&T) firms worldwide. Using Powell’s Panel Quantile Regression (PQR) model, this paper finds that females on boards and sub-boards tend to display a more communal, participative, and democratic leadership style, demonstrating greater responsibilities toward stakeholders’ concerns and engaging with sustainability strategies to make a positive contribution to society. Our findings also reaffirm that women on the boards of H&T firms are more community-oriented and philanthropically driven than women in senior management positions who can be perceived as being profit-oriented rather than stakeholder-oriented as managers. Our results offer implications for policymakers and practitioners, and we suggest several avenues for future studies that could build upon our research.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-15T08:45:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221111754
       
  • Dark Tourism and Social Mobilization: Transforming Travelers After
           Visiting a Holocaust Museum

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      Authors: Joelle Soulard, William Stewart, Marcy Larson, Eve Samson
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      A critical gap in the dark tourism literature concerns the possibility of social mobilization outcomes after taking part in dark tourism experiences. While a crucial driver behind the creation of museums focusing on war and genocide is to prevent their reoccurrence by socially mobilizing travelers, few studies look at whether travelers can become socially mobilized and take actions for human rights. We apply the Framing Theory of Social Action to investigate whether travelers employ framings in their discourse to reveal social mobilization outcomes after visiting exhibits at a Holocaust Museum. Travelers engage in photo-elicitation and in-depth interviews about their post-experience of visiting exhibits that are focusing on the Holocaust, women’s rights, and apartheid at Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center (IHMEC). Travelers suggest they engage in the main form of social mobilization outcomes: feeling empowered, pursuing remembrance and education, and identifying societal issues that warrant mobilization.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T11:46:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221105871
       
  • When the Future is Now: An Experimental Study on the Role of Future
           Thinking and Affective Forecasting in Accommodation Decision-Making

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      Authors: Marion Karl, Florian Kock, Alexander Bauer, Brent W. Ritchie, A. George Assaf
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      When people make travel decisions, they consult their imagination, considering how they would feel in the respective travel situation. Both, researchers who examine this phenomenon and practitioners executing it, commonly hold the vague assumption of an evaluative cognitive process that enables tourists to factor such information into their decision-making process. The nature and functioning of such a process is largely unknown. The authors suggest that travelers, often subconsciously, mentally simulate future hotel stays and predict future feelings to inform their decision-making, a process referred to as affective forecasting. Executing an experimental design, the authors show that actively engaging in episodic future thinking to trigger affective forecasting increases travelers’ intentions toward holiday accommodations. This effect is mediated by hotel trust and risk perception, demonstrating that affective forecasting is an effective way for regaining tourists’ trust and reducing their perceived risk during a pandemic. Contributions to theory and practical implications are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T10:34:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221109825
       
  • High Expectations: How Tourists Cope With Disappointing Vacation
           Experiences

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      Authors: Muhammad Ismail Hossain, Harmen Oppewal, Dewi Tojib
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigates how expectations, locus attribution and disappointment determine coping behaviors when tourists encounter a negative vacation experience. Drawing upon cognitive appraisal theory, it is first hypothesized that individuals with high expectations are more likely to engage in coping behaviors than individuals with low expectations. Disappointment mediates this relationship. Next it is hypothesized that locus attribution of the negative experience moderates these effects. Results from two scenario-based experiments support the hypotheses. Specifically, attribution has a greater effect on disappointment when the provider is the locus instead of the situation. This is particularly so when expectations are low. Greater amounts of confrontative than support-seeking coping result when expectations are high and the provider is the locus. Instead, there is no difference in coping when expectations are low. These findings suggest that tourist services can influence disappointment and related coping behaviors by managing not only tourists’ expectations but also tourists’ attributions.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T09:29:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221109828
       
  • Delineating the Effects of Social Media Marketing Activities on Generation
           Z Travel Behaviors

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      Authors: Juan Liu, Chaohui Wang, Tingting (Christina) Zhang, Haohao Qiao
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Generation Z (Gen Z) has emerged as the largest and most challenging consumer group for destination marketers. This study investigates the varying effects of social media marketing activities (SMMAs) on Gen Z travel behaviors. A comparative analysis approach between Gen Z and other generations was used to assess the attributes of SMMAs and their role in tourism destination visits. Gen Z tourists were more susceptible to the four traits of SMMAs (entertainment, trendiness, interaction, and word-of-mouth) when choosing destinations and were more likely to pay a premium for visiting than their generational counterparts. Gen Z females were more likely to be influenced by SMMA customization and word-of-mouth features, while Gen Z males were more sensitive to the entertainment features of SMMAs. These findings deepens marketers’ understanding of Gen Z travelers’ preferences and behaviors so that they provide constructive directions for marketers to implement effective SMMAs strategies.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T09:12:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221106394
       
  • Rational and Moral Antecedents of Tourists’ Intention to Use Reusable
           Alternatives to Single-Use Plastics

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      Authors: Issahaku Adam
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Though rational and moral antecedents to tourists’ pro-environmental behavioral intentions have been separately established, the literature remains inconclusive on whether tourists’ pro-environmental intentions are underpinned by rational or moral considerations. Based on the theory of planned behavior and the norm activation model, this study examines the competing rational and moral antecedents of intention to use reusable alternatives to single-use plastics using data obtained from 653 tourists and analyzed with the structural equation modeling. The results indicate that though morality better explained the intention to use reusable alternatives to single-use plastics amongst all tourists, rationality underpinned the intention amongst domestic tourists while morality better explained the intentions of international tourists. The implications of these findings regarding future theorization of tourists’ pro-environmental behavior and measures to reduce single-use plastic marine pollution in coastal destinations are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-06-30T05:30:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221105860
       
  • Exploring Secondary Crisis Response Strategies for Airlines Experiencing
           Low-Responsibility Crises: An Extension of the Situational Crisis
           Communication Theory

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      Authors: Xi Y. Leung, Laurie Wu, Jie Sun
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Previous literature on airline crises has largely ignored low-responsibility crises. The purpose of this study is to explore the underlying mechanism of airlines utilizing secondary crisis response strategies to rebuild their reputations during low-responsibility crises. Extending the situational crisis communication theory, the study develops a research framework and conducts three empirical studies with a multi-method design to test the proposed hypotheses. The results demonstrate that an enhancing response strategy is more effective than a bolstering response strategy in evoking more Twitter likes and higher booking intentions. An enhancing response strategy is especially powerful for travelers low in need for cognition or those with a higher level of other-orientation. The effect of the secondary crisis response strategy on travelers’ booking intentions was mediated by the airline’s reputation. These findings provide airlines with valuable insight into the development of successful social media communication strategies when handling low-responsibility crises.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-06-10T06:04:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095210
       
  • How Does Mobile Social Media Sharing Benefit Travel Experiences'

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      Authors: Ye Chen, Yuqing Liu, Laurie Wu, Xiang (Robert) Li
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigates the impact of tourists’ travel experience sharing via mobile social media (MSM) on perceptions of smartphone usage-based travel experience improvement and tourists’ post-trip evaluations of their travel experiences. We also examined how two self-enhancement tendencies, self-promotion and self-protection, moderate the relationship between tourists’ MSM travel experience sharing and their perceptions of smartphone usage-based travel experience improvement as well as post-trip evaluations of their travel experiences. A moderated moderation analysis revealed that MSM involvement can condition how tourists’ tendencies for self-promotion moderate the effect of tourists’ travel experience sharing via MSM on their perceptions of smartphone usage-based travel experience improvement. This moderated moderation pattern was similar for the relationship between travel experience sharing via MSM and tourists’ post-trip evaluations of their travel experiences. Theoretical and managerial implications are provided based on the findings.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T12:42:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221098936
       
  • Linking Regenerative Travel and Residents’ Support for Tourism
           Development in Kaua’i Island (Hawaii): Moderating-Mediating Effects of
           Travel-Shaming and Foreign Tourist Attractiveness

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      Authors: Umer Zaman, Murat Aktan, Jerome Agrusa, Muddasar Ghani Khwaja
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      “Leaving the place behind, better than before” is the regenerative state-of-mind approach to reset, rethink and move forward, beyond sustainable tourism. Despite growing global attention, empirical evidence supporting tourism developments through regenerative travel remains extremely rare. Moreover, rampant incidents of travel-shaming across tourism destinations undermine foreign tourist attractiveness, ultimately affecting residents’ support for tourism developments. To address this overlooked and potential research gap, the present study develops and tests a holistic moderated-mediation model of resident’s support for tourism development, involving regenerative travel, travel-shaming and foreign tourist attractiveness. Drawing on study data from 463 islanders in Kauai (Hawaii) and the use of structural equation modeling via Mplus, the study provides pioneering evidence on the effects of regenerative travel on residents’ support for tourism development, under moderating-mediating influence of travel-shaming and foreign tourist attractiveness. The present study implications extend to the development and validation of a new scale for regenerative travel. The study findings offer strategic insights and directions for imagining new business models, resources, and relationships within regenerative tourism in the post-pandemic world.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-06-03T09:40:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221098934
       
  • Effects of Cultural Ecosystem Services on Visitors’ Subjective
           Well-Being: Evidences From China’s National Park and Flower Expo

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      Authors: Hongmei Zhang, Jinhui Zhang, Liping Cai
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study proposes a model on the relationship between cultural ecosystem service (CES) and visitors’ subjective well-being (SWB). The model consists of the four constructs of CES, SWB, place attachment, and event attachment, which are developed from literature of multiple disciplines. The model is tested with primary data collected in a China’s national park and its 10th Flower Expo. The results indicate that perceived value of CES has strong direct effect on visitors’ SWB, as well as a serial mediating effect through place attachment and event attachment. Perceived value of CES is an important antecedent of place attachment, event attachment, and visitors’ SWB. When controlling the effect of CES, event attachment exhibits a significant effect on visitors’ SWB, but the effect of place attachment is insignificant. In addition to the proposed model, the study’s findings provide fresh empirical evidence to further understand each of the four constructs and their interrelationship.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-06-03T08:44:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095219
       
  • Theme Park Storytelling: Deconstructing Immersion in Chinese Theme Parks

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      Authors: Xiaoxiao Fu, Carissa Baker, Wen Zhang, Ruoyang (Effie) Zhang
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Little is known about how visitors become immersed in theme park storytelling. As the first of its kind, this study investigated visitors’ immersion through storytelling experiences in Chinese domestic theme parks. This research pursued participants’ subjective interpretation of immersion and the elements that were essential in their experiences. Thirty visitors were interviewed and data were analyzed using an inductive-deductive approach. The findings revealed that the immersion through theme park storytelling involves four stages, namely spatial-temporal immersion, sensory immersion, conceptual-imaginative immersion, and emotional immersion. Drawing on the findings, this study developed a framework depicting the mechanism of immersion. Achieving an in-depth understanding of how visitors interact with stories in a themed and experiential context, this research makes theoretically meaningful additions to both narrative and psychological literature. It also enables the industry to better understand and manage the visitor experience at theme parks.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T01:05:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221098933
       
  • Effect of Risk Message Framing on Tourists’ Travel Intention: Roles of
           Resilience and Impulsivity

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      Authors: Chaowu Xie, Jiangchi Zhang, Songshan (Sam) Huang
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      The effect of risk message framing on travel intention requires more empirical investigations in long-term high-risk situations like the current COVID-19 pandemic. Based on frame theory, this study employed an experimental design to examine how two contrasting approaches of COVID-19 risk message framing (amplifying vs. attenuating) affected post-pandemic travel intention via the mediation of perceived safety and travel fear, and how resilience and impulsivity as tourist traits moderate these relationships. Survey results based on 481 responses revealed that: (1) risk messages significantly predicted tourists’ perceived safety, travel fear, and travel intention; (2) tourists’ perceived safety and travel fear mediated the effects of risk messages on travel intention; (3) while resilience moderated the effects of message framing on perceived safety and travel intention, impulsivity only moderated the effect of message framing on travel fear. The study provides a theoretical basis and practical implications for destination risk communications.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-24T08:25:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095212
       
  • Enhancing Consumer Confidence and Response Efficacy in Tourism: Typology
           and Effectiveness of the Hotel Industry’s Responses to COVID-19

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      Authors: Hyunsu Kim, Jing Li, Kevin Kam Fung So
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Although the tourism industry, including hotels, has been ravaged by the COVID-19 pandemic, few empirical studies have systematically examined the typology and effectiveness of their responses. To capture common response strategies within the hotel industry and assess their effectiveness, two studies were conducted. Study 1 adopted a hybrid approach involving deductive and inductive thematic analyses to evaluate 4,211 news articles. Five broad themes emerged: (1) revenue management, (2) crisis communication, (3) alternative approaches to service delivery, (4) human resource management, and (5) corporate social responsibility. Drawing upon protection motivation theory, Study 2 included a pre-test, pilot study, and main experimental study to examine the effectiveness of several common response strategies. Results showed that reassuring crisis communication and contactless services can foster consumer confidence and response efficacy, leading to positive consumers’ attitudes and booking intentions. Crisis communication and price discount were found to influence consumers’ attitudes and booking intentions directly.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-24T08:20:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095211
       
  • Invisible Power of Culture: Mapping Tourist Information Flow of National
           DMO websites

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      Authors: Hyejin Park, Svetlana Stepchenkova
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Destination Marketing Organization (DMO) websites serve as hubs for disseminating information to tourists and communicating with destination stakeholders via a system of hyperlinks. These websites and their hyperlink structures potentially reflect cultural variations among societies and, therefore, differ in what tourists from other cultures might expect in terms of the information search process, affecting early impressions about the destination. The study compares the hyperlink structure of official DMO websites of South Korea, the United States, and Germany and examines whether the ways of organizing and distributing tourist information are reflective of cultural variations. The collected data were examined using the blockmodeling technique. The main differences among the three networks were found in structural properties and the ways tourist information was distributed. Cultural dimensions can explicate the different patterns of information flow. The findings contribute to the literature on how hyperlinked information can be leveraged to the benefit of tourists.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T09:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095220
       
  • Complementary or Congruent' The Effect of Hosting Tesla Charging
           Stations on Hotels’ Revenue

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      Authors: Lixian Qian, Cheng Zhang
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Electric vehicles (EVs) are a promising sustainable technology for transitioning to a low carbon economy. However, there is a lack of research on how tourist destinations such as hotels and attractions could benefit from EVs. Using evidence from monthly revenue data of 2,774 hotels in Texas of United States (US) between 2015 and 2018, this paper quantifies the economic benefits of hotels hosting Tesla’s charging facilities and finds that nearby attractions amplify the benefits. Further, the study investigates the heterogeneity of the benefits across different hotel segments and their dynamics. The findings reveal that upscale hotels benefit more than luxury as well as mid-price and cheaper hotels from hosting Tesla charging facilities. After Tesla introduced the Model 3, these benefits increased for upscale hotels but decreased for luxury hotels. These findings have important implications for the hospitality and tourism industries to better adapt to the emerging EV transition.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T09:23:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221093017
       
  • Tourisation Theory and the Pandiscipline of Tourism

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      Authors: David B. Weaver
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      It is argued in this letter that tourism studies, as an autonomous field of academic study, can better position itself in the COVID-19 era as a “pandiscipline” which synthesizes concepts and theories from other disciplines to better describe and explain tourism-related phenomena. Universal core tourism structures and processes, in turn, are captured in “tourisation theory,” which describes the increasing embeddedness of tourism in places as manifested in six tentative propositions and associated impulse, amplification, ubiquity, ascendancy, concentration, and endorsement effects.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-13T10:13:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095217
       
  • To Whom Does Destination Anthropomorphism Appeal' Power and Perceived
           Control

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      Authors: Eugene Chan, Ali Gohary
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Anthropomorphism refers to the assignment of human-like traits and characteristics to non-human objects. In the tourism sector, destinations can be anthropomorphized. In this investigation, we explore potential travelers’ power as a factor that predicts to whom destination anthropomorphism appeals. Because anthropomorphism facilitates individuals’ perceived control, which individuals low on power lack but want to regain, we hypothesize in the current research that destination anthropomorphism would appeal more to travelers low (vs. high) on power. The higher perceived control manifests in travel behavior in the form of fewer perceived risks while traveling. We observe that powerless (vs. powerful) participants perceive greater control (Experiment 2) and fewer risks while traveling (Experiment 3) when the destination is anthropomorphized, explaining their higher travel intentions (Experiments 1–3). Our results suggest that whether or not to use anthropomorphism in destination advertising needs to consider potential travelers’ power.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-11T12:46:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095215
       
  • Originality in Research Publication: Measure, Concept, or Skill'

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      Authors: Ralf Buckley
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-11T12:44:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221095214
       
  • The Impact of Loss Aversion and Diminishing Sensitivity on Airline
           Revenue: Price Sensitivity in Cabin Classes

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      Authors: Juan Luis Nicolau, Hakseung Shin, Bora Kim, John F. O’Connell
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      While most businesses actively adopt a data-driven approach for revenue management decisions, understanding how air travelers perceive and behave differently to pricing strategies is essential for yielding optimal financial outcomes. This study analyzes the loss aversion and diminishing sensitivity mechanisms of prospect theory in economy and business cabin classes. With rich longitudinal airfares, regression models and revenue data (15,868 observations from the top-10 aviation routes in the world) from 2014 to 2019, this study finds that lower-(higher-)than-expected airfares have a positive (negative) impact on revenue. When the effect of loss-coded and gain-coded tickets were compared, the extent to which passengers avoided losses (vs. welcomed gains) had a greater impact on revenue, supporting that loss aversion applies to the airline revenue, especially for business passengers. This study contributes to the further refinement of prospect theory by showing that the loss aversion and diminishing sensitivity mechanisms manifest differently in each cabin class.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-11T12:34:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221093014
       
  • “Ask Google Assistant Where to Travel” Tourists’ Interactive
           Experiences With Smart Speakers: An Assemblage Theory Approach

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      Authors: Jano Jiménez-Barreto, Natalia Rubio, Paolo Mura, Erose Sthapit, Sara Campo
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      The emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to reframe interactions among tourists, destinations, and service providers in multiple ways. Yet, there is scant empirical evidence on how individuals develop their relationships with IoT devices and how this technology can serve tourists in planning and deciding on particular destinations or services. Drawing on the assemblage theory, we investigated tourists’ interactive experiences when planning trips with and without smart speakers. Methodologically, we employed an interactionist/performative approach that included three qualitative studies to examine tourists’ information production, expressive roles, and information processing styles during interactions with smart speakers in the pre-visit stage. The analysis was driven by grounded theory and utilized computerized psycholinguistic techniques to enrich our research implications for theory, methodology, and tourism management.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-05-06T09:09:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221094073
       
  • Is Sex Tourism Intention Uncontrollable' The Moderating Effects of
           Ethics and Law

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      Authors: Ji Youn Jeong, Kyung-Yur Lee
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study explores one of the biggest social issues in South Korea, that is, sex tourism, which is illegal but remains in high demand. The study recruited a total of 1,003 respondents, whose responses were analyzed to understand their intentions for sex tourism. Study 1 revealed that sex tourism intention was largely influenced by subjective norms and moderated by ethical awareness and knowledge of illegality. In Study 2, sex tourism intention non-significantly differed across three scenarios of traveling, namely, to a general destination; to an area where prostitution is legal by local law; and with companions with positive opinions about sex tourism. However, Studies 3 and 4 found that the extent to which reminders and warnings about ethics and illegality reduced sex tourism intention differed according to the scenario. The results suggest that sex tourism intention is conditional and controllable, and, thus, government interventions are justified.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-04-29T07:26:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221093771
       
  • Psychological Determinants of Tourist Satisfaction and Destination
           Loyalty: The Influence of Perceived Overcrowding and Overtourism

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      Authors: Nikoleta Maria Papadopoulou, Manuel Alector Ribeiro, Girish Prayag
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study develops and tests an integrative model of destination loyalty to tourist hotspot destinations. The study highlights the role of perceived destination adaptation and psychological reactive behaviors in determining tourist satisfaction and loyalty. The model was tested using data collected from 582 respondents who had recently visited one of the “overcrowded” Mediterranean coastal tourism destinations. Findings suggest that perceived destination adaptation negatively influences tourist satisfaction and positively influences reactive behaviors of approach, avoidance, and tolerance. Approach and avoidance behaviors predict assessed crowding levels and tourist satisfaction. Tourists’ tolerance levels on assessed crowding was insignificant. Assessed crowding levels negatively affect tourist satisfaction and intentions to revisit and recommend the destination while positively influencing objections to revisit and recommend the destination. Concomitantly, overtourism awareness moderated the effect of assessed crowding levels on tourist satisfaction and intentions to revisit and recommend the destination. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-04-20T06:46:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221089049
       
  • Tourism and Mental Health: Foundations, Frameworks, and Futures

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      Authors: Ralf Buckley
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Tourism contributes to mental health. We could: recognize, measure, value, and market those contributions; analyze components and design products to maximize mental health benefits; and use mental health benefits in tourism industry marketing and lobbying. If we measure benefits to health-research standards, then tourism could also gain commercial opportunities within the health sector. Currently, there are widely differing bodies of evidence within different tourism subsectors, reflecting historical research emphases. Music, museums, and shopping malls have been identified as therapeutic for some. Nature tourism therapies have been tested extensively, with a higher standard of evidence. Adventure tourism has been analyzed principally from a phenomenological perspective, indicating powerful psychological effects. Many mental health therapies require continuing behavioral change. Tourism research could contribute to these therapies, since it includes detailed data on the effects of program design and guiding, and individual personalities, interests, capabilities, motivations, experiences, emotions, and satisfaction.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-04-18T11:22:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221087669
       
  • Erratum to Measuring Experience Economy Concepts: Tourism Applications

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      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-21T08:56:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221081957
       
  • Economic Policy Uncertainty and International Tourism Demand: A Global
           Vector Autoregressive Approach

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      Authors: Rockie U. Kei Kuok, Tay T. R. Koo, Christine Lim
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      In a globalized environment, a major shock or event can reverberate across tourism interdependent countries over time. This paper aims to empirically examine how economic policy uncertainty (EPU) emanating from a large country may influence inbound and outbound tourism in other countries. Using Global Vector Autoregressive (GVAR) model and two alternative measures of EPU, the study finds the modeled effects of EPU are dependent on the source of EPU measures, level of internationalization, and type of trade-weights used. Notably, the results show the “decline-rebound-overshoot” effect of EPU shock on tourism demand, and capture the link between capital flight and outbound travel from China in times of surge in EPU. This research highlights that GVAR is able to capture previously unobserved empirical insights because assessing the international impact of shocks such as economic crises, pandemics, and political instability necessitates accounting for cross-sectional interdependence in tourism flows between many countries.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-18T01:44:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211072551
       
  • Digitally Customized and Interactive Laddering: A New Way for Examining
           Tourists’ Value Structures

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      Authors: Esko Sorakunnas, Henna Konu
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Insight into consumer value forms the basis for successful tourism management. The means-end structures of consumer value in tourism are mainly investigated by qualitative, in-depth laddering interviews while structured, quantitative laddering is less common. This study develops quantitative laddering by digitalizing the Association Pattern Technique (APT) in order to increase its interactive customization. The feasibility of digitally customized APT is piloted by investigating 956 nature-based tourists visiting Finnish national parks. The evaluation of the method is based on epistemological laddering criteria and usability. The results demonstrate greater contextuality, increased sample relevance, delivery of complete chains, and decreased risks of misunderstandings compared to conventional APT. Hence, digitalized APT holds potential for examining the structure of consumer value and its larger sample size also reveals less apparent means-end chains and universal values. However, its wider adoption into managerial processes would benefit from the development of specific software.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-17T06:58:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221077976
       
  • Does Distance Still Matter' Moderating Effects of Distance Measures on
           the Relationship Between Pandemic Severity and Bilateral Tourism Demand

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      Authors: Yang Yang, Linjia Zhang, Laurie Wu, Zhenlong Li
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study aims to investigate the moderating effects of various distance measures on the relationship between relative pandemic severity and bilateral tourism demand. After confirming its validity using actual hotel and air demand measures, we leveraged data from Google Destination Insights to understand daily bilateral tourism demand between 148 origin countries and 109 destination countries. Specifically, we estimated a series of fixed-effects panel data gravity models based on the year-over-year change in daily demand. Results show that a 10% increase in seven-day smoothed COVID-19 cases led to a 0.0658% decline in year-over-year demand change. The moderating distance measures include geographic, cultural, economic, social, and political distance. Results show that long-haul tourism demand was less affected by a destination’s pandemic severity relative to tourists’ place of origin. The moderating effect of national cultural dimensions indulgence versus constraints was also confirmed. Lastly, a discussion and implications for international destination marketing are provided.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-12T11:07:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875221077978
       
  • Is There a Gender Gap in the Propensity to Travel of People With
           Disabilities'

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      Authors: Angelina De Pascale, Marta Meleddu, Tindara Abbate, Marco Pellicano
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      People with disabilities (PwDs) face various constraints connected to their participation in tourism activities. This topic has become of greater academic interest in recent years, however, the study of gender issues in this context is still marginal. The present paper seeks to analyze gender differences in PwDs’ propensity to travel, explicitly examining constraints that may limit social inclusion in tourism activities. The empirical analysis is focused on sample data of the Italian population of PwDs gathered through an online questionnaire administered between April and July 2020. The findings reveal gender differences in PwDs travel participation, underlining matters related to constraints “impose,” by society as a whole. The paper discusses the implications of breaking down barriers and provides insights into the tourism industry so as to ensure accessibility, accurate information, and inclusivity.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-12T11:00:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211073976
       
  • Can Tourism Development Reduce Gender Inequality'

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      Authors: Subrata Kumar Mitra, Manojit Chattopadhyay, Tapas Kumar Chatterjee
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      This study evaluates the nonlinear relationship between gender inequality and tourism receipts using a standard quantile regression approach and advances the results with an asymmetric application. Gender inequality is a pervasive and complex phenomenon rooted in the socio-economic culture of many countries. The reasons for inequality have country-specific situations, and to gain a broader understanding, countries were grouped by their income levels to explore the relationships for different groups. The study concludes that not all countries stimulate overall gender inequality through tourism. The study results show that in all but the 10th quantile, tourism had a negative and significant relationship with gender inequality providing support for the notion that tourism helps narrow the gender gap. The exceptions were found only at the 10th quantile indicates that low-income countries with low levels of tourism development could not derive the benefits of tourism’s potential in reducing gender inequality.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-05T09:45:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211073975
       
  • Developing a Multi-Dimensional Measure of Hotel Brand Customers’ Online
           Engagement Behaviors to Capture Non-Transactional Value

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      Authors: Hakseung Shin, Richard R. Perdue
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      While the historical focus of customer value research has been on transactional values, it is important to also understand the non-transactional values co-created by customer online engagement behaviors. However, online engagement research in tourism has focused almost exclusively on experience sharing behaviors via online review websites. This research is purposed to develop a multi-dimensional measure of non-transactional values created via online brand community members’ engagement behaviors. Focusing on Marriott Bonvoy Insider Brand Community members, scale development procedures were used to identify four dimensions of non-transactional value: influential-experience value, C-to-B innovation value, relational value, and functional value. The scale achieves good validity and reliability. Relationships with both antecedents (e.g., internal and external motivations) and consequences (e.g., brand attachment and brand loyalty) were examined to assess nomological validity. Tourism researchers and managers can employ this scale to diagnose the non-transactional values co-created by customer online engagement behaviors.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-02-05T09:43:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211073618
       
  • Probabilistic Forecasts Using Expert Judgment: The Road to Recovery From
           COVID-19

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      Authors: George Athanasopoulos, Rob J. Hyndman, Nikolaos Kourentzes, Mitchell O’Hara-Wild
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic has had a devastating effect on many industries around the world including tourism and policy makers are interested in mapping out what the recovery path will look like. We propose a novel statistical methodology for generating scenario-based probabilistic forecasts based on a large survey of 443 tourism experts and stakeholders. The scenarios map out pessimistic, most-likely and optimistic paths to recovery. Taking advantage of the natural aggregation structure of tourism data due to geographic locations and purposes of travel, we propose combining forecast reconciliation and forecast combinations implemented to historical data to generate robust COVID-free counterfactual forecasts, to contrast against. Our empirical application focuses on Australia, analyzing international arrivals and domestic flows. Both sectors have been severely affected by travel restrictions in the form of international and interstate border closures and regional lockdowns. The two sets of forecasts, allow policy makers to map out the road to recovery and also estimate the expected effect of the pandemic.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-28T07:11:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211059240
       
  • Pleasure Through Pain: An Empirical Examination of Benign Masochism in
           Tourism

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      Authors: Astrid Nørfelt, Florian Kock, Ingo Oswald Karpen, Alexander Josiassen
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Paradoxical at first sight, some tourists engage in activities involving negative emotions and even physical pain. Tourism scholars have begun investigating this phenomenon and have called for more of such research. Against this background, the authors introduce to tourism the notion of benign masochism, defining it as a trait describing a person’s tendency to embrace and seek pleasure through safely playing with a stimulating level of physical pain and negative emotions. In doing so, the authors root benign masochism in the notion of play from evolutionary psychology and develop a benign masochism scale that is able to predict various tourism outcomes, including willingness to visit a haunted house, to go on a challenging adventure holiday, and to visit a nuclear disaster site. The authors conclude by discussing theoretical and managerial implications as well as limitations and future opportunities for research.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-17T10:57:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211067550
       
  • Collaboration and Learning Processes in Value Co-Creation: A Destination
           Perspective

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      Authors: Melis Giuseppe, McCabe Scott, Atzeni Marcello, Del Chiappa Giacomo
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Value co-creation has emerged as an important competitive strategy leading to value innovation. In tourist destinations co-creation results from the participation of multiple actors synchronously and contextually in value realization. Yet value co-creation remains highly theoretical and lacks empirical operationalization, especially in destination contexts. Are tourism destinations able and sufficiently mobilized to exploit the potential offered by co-creation theory' This paper operationalizes two fundamental dimensions of the value co-creation process, collaboration and learning, by developing and testing a measurement scale to evaluate the perceived impact of these dimensions on the market performance of actors at a tourist destination. Contributions to the literature on value co-creation and learning as well as managerial implications are discussed and suggestions for further research are made.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-13T12:33:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211070349
       
  • Does Sincere Social Interaction Stimulate Tourist Immersion' A
           Conservation of Resources Perspective

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      Authors: ZiMing Jiang, HongWei Tu
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on conservation of resources (COR) theory, this study examines how and when sincere social interaction affects tourist immersion at the destination. We develop a moderated mediation model in which emotional solidarity mediates the relationship between sincere social interaction and tourist immersion, while extraversion moderates the link between sincere social interaction and emotional solidarity. Data were collected from 391 tourists via an online survey and were analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). The findings indicate that sincere social interaction directly influences tourist immersion, and this relationship is mediated by emotional solidarity. Furthermore, extraversion significantly moderates the effects of sincere social interaction on emotional solidarity, and this effect is stronger for tourists with high extraversion scores. Additionally, extraversion strengthens the indirect link between sincere social interaction and tourist immersion, and again, the link is stronger for highly extraverted tourists.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T09:21:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211067549
       
  • The Matching Effect of Destinations’ Crisis Communication

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      Authors: Jiangchi Zhang, Chaowu Xie, Yanying Chen, You-De Dai, Wang Yi-Jun
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      The match between destinations’ crisis communication sources and crisis types, and their impacts on tourists’ travel intentions, has not yet been investigated. This research explored the effect of destinations’ crisis communication on tourists’ travel intentions based on different crisis types (i.e., victimized and preventable crises) and communication sources (i.e., from the government, businesses, and other tourists). Results showed that crisis type had a matching effect on the impact process of crisis communication sources on tourists’ travel intentions. In addition, the mediation effects of tourists’ heuristic processing and perceived safety on destinations’ crisis communication–tourists’ travel intentions were confirmed. This study uncovered a matching effect of destinations’ crisis communication sources and crisis types. Results offer valuable theoretical and practical implications regarding destinations’ crisis communication agendas, crisis communication systems, and strategies for alleviating negative consequences of crises.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T09:15:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211067548
       
  • Planning Horizon in International Travel Decision-Making: The Role of
           Individual and Cultural Determinants

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      Authors: Christof Backhaus, Tobias Heussler, Valeria Croce
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      A solid understanding of when travel decisions are made in relation to travelers’ planning horizons is crucial for travel service providers. Despite its importance, there are very few empirical studies investigating the planning horizon and its antecedents in travel research literature. This study contributes to bridging this gap by conceptualizing a two-level model of antecedents of travelers’ planning horizons. In addition to individual traveler- and trip-related aspects, the model provides a cross-cultural perspective on international travelers’ planning horizons by including uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and long-term orientation as cultural-level antecedents. Drawing on a nested dataset of 4,074 international travelers from 17 countries worldwide, the results of a two-level hierarchical regression model show that, in addition to individual-level aspects, cultural antecedents play an important role in determining planning horizons. Based on the empirical results, the paper discusses implications for theory and travel service providers.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T09:12:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211066112
       
  • Would Travel Experiences or Possessions Make People Happier'

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      Authors: Wan Yang, Ye Zhang, Yao-Chin Wang
      Abstract: Journal of Travel Research, Ahead of Print.
      To inform consumption choices bring people greater happiness, it is necessary to identify the types of consumption with greater happiness-generating potential. Using an experimental design, this research demonstrates that tourism experiences tend to cultivate happiness better than possessions, by empirically testing a potential underlying mechanism of such superiority—tourism’s potential to cultivate eudaimonia (i.e., the more enduring form of happiness that accounts for the bigger picture beyond the self) without explicit eudaimonic motives. The mechanism can aid the identification of forms of consumption that maximize happiness. This research makes multi-faceted contributions to the tourism and consumption literature on eudaimonia and happiness promotion, including how its revealed potential in implicitly cultivating eudaimonia renders tourism a better consumption choice than material possessions for happiness maximization. Practically, the study suggests how tourism experiences can be designed and marketed to capitalize on the eudaimonic potential.
      Citation: Journal of Travel Research
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T09:08:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00472875211064631
       
 
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