Subjects -> RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (Total: 204 journals)
    - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS (2 journals)
    - LEISURE AND RECREATION (24 journals)
    - RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)

RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted by number of followers
Annals of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Translation Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Issues in Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Tourism Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Sustainable Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Tourism and Himalayan Adventures     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Travel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Heritage Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tourism Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Tourism Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Mobilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nepalese Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Tourism Planning & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Information Technology & Tourism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
E-Journal of Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Tourism Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Tourism & Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cornell Hospitality Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tourism Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anatolia : An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Management Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Event Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Studies in Travel Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Culture & Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Tourism Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Space and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of China Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Knowledge Management in Tourism and Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tourism Recreation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tourist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ecotourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hospitality and Event Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business & Hotel Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism Futures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Virtual de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Craft Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Vacation Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Turismo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tourism in Marine Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Journal : Tourism and Hospitality Essentials Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatolia : A Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marketing & Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tourism & Adventure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Travel Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gestion Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mondes du Tourisme     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Place Management and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tourism Critiques : Practice and Theory     Open Access  
ARA : Revista de Investigación en Turismo     Open Access  
Tourism and Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research     Open Access  
Perspectives in Asian Leisure and Tourism     Open Access  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Sasdaya : Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Sciences in Travel and Hospitality     Open Access  
Gaze: Journal of Tourism and Hospitality     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education     Open Access  
Journal of International and Thai Tourism     Open Access  
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Dusit Thani College Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Tourism and Travelling     Open Access  
Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness     Open Access  
Jurnal Destinasi Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal Analisis Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal IPTA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kepariwisataan dan Hospitalitas     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Terapan     Open Access  
Via : Tourism Review     Open Access  
Matkailututkimus     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Turismo y Empresa     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Derecho del Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
ROTUR : Revista de Ocio y Turismo     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Pesona     Open Access  
Geotourism/Geoturystyka     Open Access  
Revista Organizações em Contexto     Open Access  
Geofronter     Open Access  
Espiga     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica de Administração e Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Academicus     Open Access  
Matrik : Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Cenário : Revista Interdisciplinar em Turismo e Território     Open Access  
Turystyka Kulturowa     Open Access  
Jurnal Master Pariwisata (Journal Master in Tourism Studies)     Open Access  
RACE - Revista de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia     Open Access  
Research in Hospitality Management     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Ambiente y Turismo     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de turism - studii si cercetari in turism     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Téoros     Open Access  
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality Financial Management     Open Access  
TRANSIT     Open Access  
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Journeys     Full-text available via subscription  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Travel Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.994
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1195-1982 - ISSN (Online) 1708-8305
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [419 journals]
  • The reproductive numbers of SARS-CoV-2 vary depending on the compartmental
           model used during epidemiological modelling

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      Abstract: We illustrate the correct way to compare reproductive numbers obtained from various compartmental models used in mathematical epidemiology.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac096
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Management of cross-border mobilities during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in
           Europe and implications for public health provision to migrants

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      Abstract: Although many countries introduced border-control measures to prevent the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), migrants on the move, like labour migrants and asylum seekers were trapped within the developing border politics. Here, we discuss how pre-existing gaps in international public health infrastructures have positioned migrants at a higher risk of SARS-CoV-2.
      PubDate: Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac093
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Inactivated COVID-19 vaccines: durability of Covaxin/BBV152 induced
           immunity against variants of concern

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      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundCovaxin/BBV152 is one of the most widely used vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and one of the few vaccines used extensively in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).MethodsWe investigated the effect of Covaxin on the SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG and IgA and neutralizing antibody (NAb) levels at baseline (M0) and at Months 1 (M1), 2 (M2), 3 (M3), 4 (M4), 6 (M6) and 12 (M12) following vaccination in healthcare workers. In addition, we also examined the NAb levels against variant lineages of B.1.617.2 (Delta, India), B.1.617.2.1 (Delta Plus, India), B.1.351 (Beta, SA), B.1.1.7 (Alpha, UK) and B.1.1.529 (Omicron).ResultsCovaxin induces enhanced SARS-CoV-2 binding antibodies of IgG and IgA responses against both spike (S) and nucleocapsid (N) antigens at M1, M2, M3, M4, M6 and M12 in comparison with M0. Our data also reveal that NAb levels against the ancestral strain (Wuhan, wild type) are elevated and sustained at M1, M2, M3, M4, M6 and M12 in comparison with M0 and against variant lineages of B.1.617.2 (Delta, India), B.1.617.2.1 (Delta Plus, India), B.1.351 (Beta, SA) and B.1.1.7 (Alpha, UK) are elevated at M3, M6 and M12 in comparison with M0. However, NAb levels against B.1.1.529 (Omicron) was consistently below the limit of detection except at M12.ConclusionThus, Covaxin induces an enhanced humoral immune response, with persistence till at least 12 months post-vaccination against most SARS-CoV-2 variants.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac088
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Impact of national lockdown on the suspected SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in terms
           of the number of fever cases in North Korea

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      Abstract: After reopening the border, North Korea was experiencing community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and implemented a nationwide lockdown. We estimated that the mean transmissibility declined to <1 within 5 days after the lockdown and that the lockdown was associated with a moderate decrease in transmissibility by 11% (95% confidence interval, 6–17%).
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac090
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Monkeypox virus containment: the application of ring vaccination and
           possible challenges

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      Abstract: Due to the pandemic potential of monkeypox, the application of ring vaccination would be of great value in breaking the chain of transmission as well as in preventing the occurrence of this severe disease. Accompanying challenges should be overcome to properly contain the disease before it is declared as pandemic.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac085
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Trends in imported malaria during the COVID-19 pandemic, Spain (+Redivi
           Collaborative Network)

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      Abstract: AbstractIntroductionThe COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruptions in prevention and management strategies for malaria globally. Currently, data analysing trends in travel-related infections during the pandemic years are scarce. The objective of this analysis was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with imported malaria within the +Redivi network in Spain, focusing on yearly trends from pre-pandemic years to date.MethodsCases recorded in +Redivi from October 2009 to December 2021 were analysed and patients with a diagnosis of malaria (standard diagnostic methods using thick/thin peripheral blood smears, with/without a malaria rapid diagnostic test and/or Plasmodium spp. polymerase chain reaction) were identified. The total number of malaria cases, cases according to type of patient and severe cases, per year, were analysed.ResultsIn total, 1751 cases of malaria (1751/26 601, 6.6%) were identified. The majority occurred in males (1041, 59.5%), median age was 36.3 (interquartile range: 27–44.7) years and most occurred in visiting friends and relatives (VFR)-immigrants (872, 49.8%). Most infections were acquired in sub-Saharan Africa (1.660, 94.8%) and were due to Plasmodium falciparum (81.3%). There were 64 cases of severe malaria (3.7%) and 4 patients died (0.2% mortality, all in pre-pandemic years). A significant increase in cases of severe malaria was observed during the study period (P < 0.001) (attributable to the increase in 2021). There were 16/93 severe cases in 2021 (17.2%), all due to Plasmodium falciparum, (compared with ≤ 5% in previous years), which mainly occurred in travellers and VFR-immigrants (10/16, 62.5% and 5/16, 31.3%, respectively).ConclusionsAfter an initial decline associated with travel restrictions due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in imported malaria and a significant increase in cases of severe malaria was observed. Patients with imported malaria may present and/or be diagnosed late during this public health crisis and health care professionals should be alerted to the recent increase in severe cases.
      PubDate: Sun, 24 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac083
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Substantial impact of mobility restrictions on reducing COVID-19 incidence
           in Italy in 2020

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      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundItaly was the first country after China to be severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, in early 2020. The country responded swiftly to the outbreak with a nationwide two-step lockdown, the first one light and the second one tight. By analyzing 2020 national mobile phone movements, we assessed how lockdown compliance influenced its efficacy.MethodsWe measured individual mobility during the first epidemic wave with mobile phone movements tracked through carrier networks, and related this mobility to daily new SARS-CoV-2 infections, hospital admissions, intensive care admissions and deaths attributed to COVID-19, taking into account reason for travel (work-related or not) and the means of transport.ResultsThe tight lockdown resulted in an 82% reduction in mobility for the entire country and was effective in swiftly curbing the outbreak as indicated by a shorter time-to-peak of all health outcomes, particularly for provinces with the highest mobility reductions and the most intense COVID-19 spread. Reduction of work-related mobility was accompanied by a nearly linear benefit in outbreak containment; work-unrelated movements had a similar effect only for restrictions exceeding 50%. Reduction in mobility by car and by airplane was nearly linearly associated with a decrease in most COVID-19 health outcomes, while for train travel reductions exceeding 55% had no additional beneficial effects. The absence of viral variants and vaccine availability during the study period eliminated confounding from these two sources.ConclusionsAdherence to the COVID-19 tight lockdown during the first wave in Italy was high and effective in curtailing the outbreak. Any work-related mobility reduction was effective, but only high reductions in work-unrelated mobility restrictions were effective. For train travel, there was a threshold above which no further benefit occurred. These findings could be particular to the spread of SARS-CoV-2, but might also apply to other communicable infections with comparable transmission dynamics.
      PubDate: Sun, 24 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac081
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Monkeypox outbreak 2022: an unusual case of peritonsillar abscess in a
           person previously vaccinated against smallpox

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      Abstract: Descriptions of monkeypox 2022 outbreak have been increasingly reported with unusual presentations and therefore a risk of misdiagnosis. Diagnosis is primarily based on risk factors, including men having sex with men and high-risk contact, with the presence of cutaneous lesions and/or rashes including the genitals in a context of fever.
      PubDate: Sun, 24 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac082
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • International risk of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant importations originating
           in South Africa

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      Abstract: Omicron, a fast-spreading SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern reported to the World Health Organization on 24 November 2021, has raised international alarm. We estimated there is at least 50% chance that Omicron had been introduced by travellers from South Africa into 11 of the 14 countries studied by 28 November 2021.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac073
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Monkeypox 2022 outbreak: cases with exclusive genital lesions

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      Abstract: Description of the monkeypox 2022 outbreak is essentially based on historical cases mostly observed locally in Africa, but also from rare imported cases in four countries elsewhere, before the 2022 outbreak. This orthopoxvirus outbreak appears to be particularly well transmitted sexually possibly due to the high prevalence of genital lesions.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac077
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Potential for monkeypox exportation from West and Central Africa through
           global travel networks

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      Abstract: Monkeypoxair travelNigeriaAfricaoutbreakzoonosis
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac072
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Effects of BA.1/BA.2 subvariant, vaccination and prior infection on
           infectiousness of SARS-CoV-2 omicron infections

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      Abstract: COVID-19Omicronsubvariantsub-lineagevaccinebreakthrough infectionimmunityepidemiology
      PubDate: Fri, 27 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac068
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Variations in respiratory syncytial virus activity following the
           relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions in Qatar

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      Abstract: The introduction of non-pharmaceutical measures to mitigate the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has disrupted the seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) worldwide. There was a near absence of RSV during the fall and winter of 2020–2021 with the implementation of restrictions, followed by an unusual re-emergence in the summer months coinciding with their relaxation.1–6
      PubDate: Mon, 23 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac065
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Correction to: Unmasking the mask studies: why the effectiveness of
           surgical masks in preventing respiratory infections has been
           underestimated

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      Abstract: This is a correction to: Pratyush K Kollepara, MSc, Alexander F Siegenfeld, SB, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, PhD, Yaneer Bar-Yam, PhD, Unmasking the mask studies: why the effectiveness of surgical masks in preventing respiratory infections has been underestimated, Journal of Travel Medicine, Volume 28, Issue 7, October 2021, taab144, https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taab144
      PubDate: Tue, 17 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac054
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Escalating the 2022 Hajj during the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic

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      Abstract: The escalation of the number of pilgrims for the 2022 Hajj season comes as KSA had succeeded in reaching an excellent percentage in vaccine coverage and subsequently eased the restrictions. KSA adopted an extensive surveillance, implemented risk mitigation, and maximized COVID-19 vaccines coverage.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac059
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Travel-associated SARS-CoV-2 transmission documented with whole genome
           sequencing following a long-haul international flight

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      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundMultiple instances of flight-associated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission during long-haul flights have been reported during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, comprehensive investigations of passenger risk behaviours, before, during and after the flight, are scarce.MethodsTo investigate suspected SARS-CoV-2 transmission during a flight from United Arab Emirates to Australia in July 2020, systematic, repeated polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of passengers in hotel quarantine was linked to whole genome sequencing. Epidemiological analyses of in-depth interviews covering behaviours during the flight and activities pre- and post-boarding were used to identify risk factors for infection.ResultsSeventeen of the 95 passengers from four different travel origins had PCR-confirmed infection yielding indistinguishable genomic sequences. Two of the 17 passengers were symptomatic within 2 days of the flight, and classified as co-primary cases. Seven secondary cases were seated within two rows of the co-primary cases, but five economy passengers seated further away and three business class passengers were also infected (attack rate = 16% [15/93]). In multivariable analysis, being seated within two rows of a primary case [odds ratio (OR) 7.16; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.66–30.85] and spending more than an hour in the arrival airport (OR 4.96; 95% CI 1.04–23.60) were independent predictors of secondary infection, suggesting travel-associated SARS-CoV-2 transmission likely occurred both during and after the flight. Self-reported increased hand hygiene, frequent aisle walking and using the bathroom on the plane did not independently affect the risk of SARS-CoV-2 acquisition.ConclusionsThis investigation identified substantial in-flight transmission among passengers seated both within and beyond two rows of the primary cases. Infection of passengers in separate cabin classes also suggests transmission occurred outside the cabin environment, likely at the arrival airport. Recognizing that transmission may occur pre- and post-boarding may inform contact tracing advice and improve efforts to prevent future travel-associated outbreaks.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac057
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Shorter serial intervals and incubation periods in SARS-CoV-2 variants
           than the SARS-CoV-2 ancestral strain

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      Abstract: The Delta and Omicron variants have the pooled estimates of serial interval as 3.4 days (95% CI: 3.0, 3.7) and 3.1 days (95% CI: 2.9, 3.2), respectively; incubation periods as 4.8 days (95% CI: 3.9, 5.6) and 3.6 days (95% CI: 2.3, 4.9), respectively.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac052
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Recombination between SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.1 and BA.2 variants identified
           in a traveller from Nepal at the airport quarantine facility in Japan

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      Abstract: We have detected novel SARS-CoV-2 variants at the airport quarantine facility in Japan. This study revealed novel Omicron recombinant in a traveller visiting from Nepal, suggesting a possibility of its further dissemination in surrounding countries with limited sequencing capacity. Quarantine monitoring could aid timely response to avoid global dissemination.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac051
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Superspreading potential of COVID-19 outbreak seeded by Omicron variants
           of SARS-CoV-2 in Hong Kong

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      Abstract: Using two early transmission chains in Hong Kong, the estimated R and k were 1.34 [95% credible interval (CrI): 0.94–2.19] and 0.33 (95%CrI: 0.17–0.62), respectively, inferring 20.3% (95%CrI: 12.7–29.6%) cases were responsible for 80% of the transmissions of the Omicron epidemic. Compared with Omicron BA.1, Omicron BA.2 had a greater superspreading potential.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac049
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Outcomes of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Canada: impact of ethnicity,
           migration status and country of birth

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      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundEthnoracial groups in high-income countries have a 2-fold higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, associated hospitalizations, and mortality than Whites. Migrants are an ethnoracial subset that may have worse COVID-19 outcomes due to additional barriers accessing care, but there are limited data on in-hospital outcomes. We aimed to disaggregate and compare COVID-19 associated hospital outcomes by ethnicity, immigrant status and region of birth.MethodsAdults with community-acquired SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalized March 1–June 30, 2020, at four hospitals in Montréal, Quebec, Canada, were included. Age, sex, socioeconomic status, comorbidities, migration status, region of birth, self-identified ethnicity [White, Black, Asian, Latino, Middle East/North African], intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and mortality were collected. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) for ICU admission and mortality by immigrant status, ethnicity and region of birth adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status and comorbidities were estimated using Fine and Gray competing risk models.ResultsOf 1104 patients (median [IQR] age, 63.0 [51.0–76.0] years; 56% males), 57% were immigrants and 54% were White. Immigrants were slightly younger (62 vs 65 years; p = 0.050), had fewer comorbidities (1.0 vs 1.2; p < 0.001), similar crude ICU admissions rates (33.0% vs 28.2%) and lower mortality (13.3% vs 17.6%; p < 0.001) than Canadian-born. In adjusted models, Blacks (aHR 1.39, 95% confidence interval 1.05–1.83) and Asians (1.64, 1.15–2.34) were at higher risk of ICU admission than Whites, but there was significant heterogeneity within ethnic groups. Asians from Eastern Asia/Pacific (2.15, 1.42–3.24) but not Southern Asia (0.97, 0.49–1.93) and Caribbean Blacks (1.39, 1.02–1.89) but not SSA Blacks (1.37, 0.86–2.18) had a higher risk of ICU admission. Blacks had a higher risk of mortality (aHR 1.56, p = 0.049).ConclusionsData disaggregated by region of birth identified subgroups of immigrants at increased risk of COVID-19 ICU admission, providing more actionable data for health policymakers to address health inequities.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac041
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Similar effectiveness of the inactivated vaccine BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm)
           and the mRNA vaccine BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) against COVID-19 related
           hospitalizations during the Delta outbreak in the UAE

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      Abstract: Inactivated vaccine BBIBP-CorV {Sinopharm; 95% [95% confidence interval (CI): 94, 97%]} and the mRNA vaccine BNT162b2 [Pfizer-BioNTech; 98% (95% CI: 86, 99%)] demonstrated protection against COVID-19 related hospitalizations from the Delta (B.1.617.2) variant. Ongoing efforts are necessary to target vaccine hesitancy and to promote booster shots for protection against severe COVID-19 disease and arising variants of concern.
      PubDate: Fri, 04 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac036
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Adaptation of travel medicine practitioners to the COVID-19 pandemic: a
           cross-sectional survey of ISTM members

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      Abstract: This cross-sectional study evaluated the adaptations of current International Society of Travel Medicine (ISTM) members in relation to the disruption caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. It demonstrates that the majority of members remain engaged with travel medicine and ISTM educational activities, while adapting to COVID-related clinical demands.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jtm/taac032
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2022)
       
 
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