Subjects -> RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (Total: 204 journals)
    - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS (2 journals)
    - LEISURE AND RECREATION (24 journals)

RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Anatolia : A Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatolia : An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ARA : Revista de Investigación en Turismo     Open Access  
ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno Virtual de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cenário : Revista Interdisciplinar em Turismo e Território     Open Access  
Cornell Hospitality Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Craft Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Issues in Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Dusit Thani College Journal     Open Access  
E-Journal of Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espiga     Open Access  
European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Event Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Gaze: Journal of Tourism and Hospitality     Open Access  
Geofronter     Open Access  
Geotourism/Geoturystyka     Open Access  
Gestion Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Information Technology & Tourism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks     Open Access  
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Hospitality and Event Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Knowledge Management in Tourism and Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Tourism Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences in Travel and Hospitality     Open Access  
Journal of Business & Hotel Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of China Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ecotourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Heritage Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hospitality Financial Management     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International and Thai Tourism     Open Access  
Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Place Management and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sustainable Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Tourism & Adventure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Himalayan Adventures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Futures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Travel Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Travel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Vacation Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journeys     Full-text available via subscription  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Jurnal Analisis Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal Destinasi Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal IPTA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kepariwisataan dan Hospitalitas     Open Access  
Jurnal Master Pariwisata (Journal Master in Tourism Studies)     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Pesona     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Terapan     Open Access  
Marketing & Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Matkailututkimus     Open Access  
Matrik : Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Mobilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mondes du Tourisme     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Perspectives in Asian Leisure and Tourism     Open Access  
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
RACE - Revista de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia     Open Access  
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Hospitality Management     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de turism - studii si cercetari in turism     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Academicus     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica de Administração e Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Ambiente y Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Derecho del Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Turismo y Empresa     Open Access  
Revista Organizações em Contexto     Open Access  
ROTUR : Revista de Ocio y Turismo     Open Access  
Sasdaya : Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Space and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Studies in Travel Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Téoros     Open Access  
The Journal : Tourism and Hospitality Essentials Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Tourism & Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Tourism Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Tourism and Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism and Travelling     Open Access  
Tourism Critiques : Practice and Theory     Open Access  
Tourism Culture & Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Tourism in Marine Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tourism Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Tourism Management Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Planning & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism Recreation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tourism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Tourist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
TRANSIT     Open Access  
Translation Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Turismo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Turystyka Kulturowa     Open Access  
Via : Tourism Review     Open Access  
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
New Approaches in Sport Sciences
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2588-6614
Published by Allameh Tabataba'i University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Effect of a Selected Aerobic Exercise Program on Body Composition,
           Lipid Profile and Workability Index of Overweight and Obese Employees

    • Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 12 week a selected aerobic exercise program on body ‎composition, lipid profile, and working ability of employees involved overweight and obese.‎ Method: In this semi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test design and control group, 65 overweight employees were ‎selected by purposive sampling method and randomly assigned to exercise and control groups. Then aerobic ‎exercise program three sessions per week and each session 65-50 minutes, was performed for 12 weeks for the ‎experimental group. The control group did not have such an intervention. Body composition indices, workability ‎index and, lipid profile were measured before and after the training protocol for both groups. Data were analyzed ‎using the covariance test (ANCOVA).‎ Results: The results showed that aerobic exercise significantly reduced body composition indices, including (fat percentage, ‎body mass index, and waist to pelvic ratio) and total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) the exercise ‎group compared with the control group. The levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and the ability to work index ‎of the exercise group also increased (P <0.05).‎ Conclusions: The results indicated that aerobic exercise could improve body composition, lipid profile and workability index, and ‎prevented contracting chronic diseases, reducing their ability to work, and retiring early in overweight and obese ‎employees.‎
  • Relationship between Social Factors with ‎Promotion of ‎Women to
           Management Position in ‎Sports Organizations

    • Abstract: Background:‏ ‏The aim of this study has been to investigate the relationship between ‎social factors and the promotion of women to management position in sport ‎organizations in Iran‎.‎ Method: Regarding the objective, this study is practical and regarding the method of ‎implementation, it is descriptive, the population of this research in 2021, ‎includes all the staff of the Youth and Sports Office of West Azerbaijan of ‎Iran up to 216 people. Using Morgan’s tables 136 subjects were selected ‎through stratified random sampling as the sample. In order to collect data, ‎the questionnaires of social factors of the promotion of women to ‎management positions were used, the validity of which was confirmed by ‎experts and its reliability was obtained to be 0.86 through Cronbach's alpha ‎test‎.‎ Results: The results indicate that there is a positive significant relationship between ‎gender and gender discrimination and women’s promotion to the position of ‎management in sport organizations. In addition, there is also a positive ‎significant relationship between the elimination of conflict between work ‎and family and also family support and women’s promotion to manage ‎mint positions in sports organizations‎.‎ Conclusions: However, it appears that women are still faced with gender equity issues in ‎sports governance, athletic media representation, and perception in sports. ‎Therefore, the field of sport management should continue to work towards ‎a level of quality that truly treats women as equals, offers them equal ‎opportunity, and permits them to feel equal in sport management and ‎athletic participation‎.‎
  • Investigating the Effects of Covod-19 Outbreak on ‎Educational and
           Research ‎Processes in Sports

    • Abstract: The spread of the corona virus has so far affected education and research in sport. The aim of this ‎study was to investigating the effects of Covod-19 outbreak on Educational and research ‎processes in sports.‎‏ ‏The present study is an applied research in terms of nature and from the ‎aspect of data analysis method is descriptive-exploratory that data collection was done in the ‎field. The statistical population included an unlimited number of all sports directors, sports ‎teachers and professors, sports coaches, sports producers, sports service providers, sports referees, ‎athletes, sports equipment sellers and sports media activists in Iran, and 600 samples answered a ‎questionnaire of 20 research questions. In order to evaluate the reliability of internal consistency ‎and its stability, Cronbach's alpha index was used in a preliminary study that the alpha value for ‎the whole questionnaire was 0.972. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential ‎statistics with the help of SPSS and AMOS software.‎‏ ‏Exploratory factor analysis showed that ‎education and research in sport were affected by COVID-19. This finding can help the relevant ‎institutions and organizations in the country to improve the situation of education and research in ‎sports in the post-Corona era‎.‎
  • Study of Physical Education Educators’ Capabilities in ‎Providing
           Active ‎Teaching Methods Due to COVID-19‎

    • Abstract: Background‎: This study was descriptive, analytic applications that aim to determine of Study of Physical ‎education teachers’ capabilities in Mazandaran University of educators in providing active ‎teaching methods were performed.‎‎ Method: Two types of questionnaire to collect data from students and educators, teacher training centers ‎in Mazandaran University were analyzed. Semi-structured interviews were carried out by highly ‎qualified teachers. Moreover, the study also documents, the unit responsible for libraries, ‎educational technology and teacher training institutions in the field of laboratory facilities and ‎the services units were interviewed. In this study, 56 teachers and 207 students were examined‎.‎ Results: The results of testing hypotheses show that the amount of teaching experience and qualification ‎of teachers and facilities, Educational Technology Center and the amount of library facilities ‎and teacher training institutions selected by the instructors teaching methods and valid ‎relationship is not statistically significant (α>0.05) and the way teachers teach and students to ‎conduct research activities and research interest rate relationship is valid and meaningful. ‎Teaching between teacher and student learning outcomes are valid and statistically significant ‎relationship exists (α≤0.05)‎.‎ Conclusions: Based on instructional objectives and course content and learning conditions to select an ‎appropriate method for teaching and to deepen students' educational media makes maximum use ‎of the facilities.‎
  • The Effect of 6 Weeks of High-Intensity Exercise Training on ‎Serum
           ‎Calcium of Martial Arts Women

    • Abstract: Purpose: Cell homeostasis is an essential factor in maintaining cellular health and intracellular ‎mechanisms, which can also be associated with inflammatory factors and increased stress for ‎muscle cell health. Calcium is also a necessary factor in cell health and is to establish ‎homeostasis in the body‏.‏‎ This study aimed to investigate the effect of high-intensity training on ‎serum calcium levels in combat women.‎ Method: For this purpose, 18 women karateka in the age range of 17 to 23 years were randomly divided ‎into 2 groups: control (n=7) and exercise ((n=11). The exercise group performed proper ‎exercises to improve karate and aerobic techniques for 6 weeks in the intensities of more than ‎‎80% of the maximum heart rate reserve.  Physiological indices and blood samples were ‎measured 24 hours before and 48 hours after the training protocol.  To measure calcium cell ‎biomarker, the Pars Azmoon calcium kit was used.  Research data were analysed by covariance ‎test at the significant level (P≤0.05) using SPSS software version 25‎.‎ Results: After six weeks of high-intensity training, there was a significant difference in serum calcium ‎levels in the exercise group compared to the control group (P = 0.002).  Also, the results within ‎the group showed a significant increase in serum calcium (P = 0.016) in the exercise group ‎compared to baseline conditions.‎ Conclusions: High intensity training seems to increase serum calcium in female athletes, and this can lead to ‎precursors to cellular disorders, muscle damage and increase inflammatory factors and ‎ultimately decrease the performance of female athletes. However, more research is essential in ‎this regard‎.‎
  • Managing the Sports Status of Prisoners Leisure Time and Its Impact on
           ‎Prison Violence

    • Abstract: Purpose: Leisure time is one of the vital issues in the dynamics of the education process and addressing ‎this issue can untie the knots and the key to solving its problems and finally a strategy for ‎planning to fill the leisure time of prisoners in a desirable and appropriate way The present ‎study investigates the relationship between the status of sports in the leisure time of prisoners ‎and its effect on the rate of prisoners' sleep‎.‎ Method: The research method of this article is a library review. The researcher has reviewed the ‎previous articles in the field of leisure and prison and searched for the keywords of leisure, ‎prison, violence and sports‎‎.‎ Results: Sport has an effect on prisoners, and sport has a positive effect on the well-being of prisoners’ ‎and the prison community. Prisoners who exercise have low levels of depression, stress, ‎anxiety and violence among other prisoners, and exercise is a strategic way to deal with ‎imprisonment. Exercise can reduce violence in prisoners' leisure time‎.‎ Conclusions: Prison has been one of the most important and long-standing parts of human societies in the ‎world. Today, the approach of human societies to prisons and prisoners has changed and ‎reform, rehabilitation and reconstruction have become the priorities of the managers of this ‎sector. Exercise with its educational role by creating a happy atmosphere helps the physical ‎and mental development of prisoners. Filling the prisoners' leisure time with exercise can be ‎useful in preventing and treating some mental and physical problems of prisoners. Sports in ‎prison according to the findings Research reduces crime and violence in cells‎‎.‎
  • Investigating the Relationship between Job Interest and Economic
           Conditions on the ‎Social Status of Physical Education Teachers (Case
           Study of Hamadan Province)

    • Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between job interest and ‎economic conditions with the social status of physical education teachers (Case study ‎of Hamadan province)‎.‎ Method: The present study is a descriptive survey and field study. In order to collect data, a ‎researcher-made questionnaire was used. After confirming its validity by experts, the ‎reliability was confirmed with the participation of 11 university professors, with a ‎Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.87. The research population consisted of 800 physical ‎education teachers in Hamadan province. The statistical sample was estimated to be 367 ‎people using Morgan table and finally 235 questionnaires were returned and examined. ‎Research data were analyzed using SPSS software‎‎.‎ Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between the mean of job interest ‎components and economic factor in the sample with the average of the population.‎ Conclusions: In ‎other words, the interest of teachers is higher than average, and the economic factor and ‎receiving high benefits have not led to the choice of teaching job.‎
  • Why they do not Exercise Regularly'

    • Abstract: Purpose: Analysis current goals at the gyms would answer some of the questions about the ‎‎(un)continuation of physical activity (PA) and point out factors that have less attention in care ‎and health program. This article examines women's exercise space in order to answer an ‎important question: ‘Why most women have problems with regular PA and cannot permanently ‎benefit from a long-term regular exercise program'’ This was a qualitative study. Method: ‎Data collection ‎was carried out through attendance at women's gyms and registration of symbols and symptoms ‎and analyzed by thematic analysis (Broun & Clark, 2006). Results: Results showed that there were two ‎main themes for women to participate in the PA which can be defined in terms of goals.‎‏ ‏Objectives called fear of obesity and overweight; and the goals of trying to be healthy and health ‎management. However, the categories related to these two theme overlap but they are different ‎in nature and make fundamental changes in‏ ‏women’s PA performance. By examining the ‎persistence of women's participation in PA this hypothesis is raised; i.e., women’s long-term ‎goals and regular attendance in PA is related to goals created by the health management goals ‎and personal responsibility about their own health behaviors while irregular attendance activity ‎is related to priorities and goals created by the fear of obesity atmosphere. Conclusions: ‎The preliminary ‎evidence of the presence of women in the practice confirms this claim but additional studies are ‎needed to confirm this‎.‎
  • Designing an Entrepreneurial Education Program Model with Emphasis on

    • Abstract: Purpose: Today, sport is considered as an industry and sports as a science discipline recognized in the ‎world, requires effective cooperation with industry. The development of sports is ‎accompanied by the development of science, which doubles the need for appropriateness and ‎attention to the field of science to develop entrepreneurship in the university and the ‎relationship with industry. In this regard, the purpose of this study was to design an ‎entrepreneurial curriculum model with an emphasis on the relationship between industry and ‎academia in the sports science‎.‎ Method: The research approach was qualitative and used a grounded theory methodology and in-depth ‎interviews were used for this purpose. Participants included students and professors of sports ‎sciences at public universities, who were considered as 23 according to the purposeful ‎sampling‎‎.‎ Results: The results showed that the university structure, communication with industrial institutions ‎and centers, training of university manpower are effective in developing the entrepreneurial ‎curriculum model and the development of learning in the real world. As a result, to strengthen ‎the curriculum, the need to pay attention to cooperation between institutions and gain ‎experience through internships and contracts between universities and the participation of ‎other disciplines as well as industrial centers can strengthen knowledge, skills, and attitudes‎.‎ Conclusions: It seems that the increasing practicality of educational programs and their close relationship ‎with the sports industry and related organizations can affect sports entrepreneurship in ‎society‎.‎
  • Measuring Relative Efficiency of Physical Education Departments ‎in
           Tehran using Data Envelopment Analysis

    • Abstract: Background: Despite significant advances in the design of performance appraisal frameworks ‎and systems in recent years, many organizations still rely on traditional metrics. Purpose: The ‎present study aimed to measure the relative efficiency of physical education departments in ‎Tehran through a data envelopment analysis approach. Method: In this research, in addition to ‎identifying and determining the input and output indices of regions, an appropriate model of ‎data envelopment analysis was presented to evaluate their performance, as well as ranking ‎efficient and inefficient regions and units and providing solutions to improve inefficient ‎regions. Input indicators of this study were the ratio of student to physical education teacher, the ‎budget of physical education department, the number and surface area of sports halls at the ‎disposal of the department, and output indicators included the number of sports competitions ‎held by the department, provincial and national trophies won in competitions as well as national ‎and international athlete students of each region. Finally, DEA method was used to design a ‎performance assessment model for physical education departments in different regions. After ‎designing the research model and collecting the data, BCC, CCR and Anderson-Peterson output- ‎and input-oriented models were analyzed using DEA-SOLVER LV software. Results: The ‎results of data analysis showed that 11 out of 19 regions under study in 2017 were efficient and ‎‎8 were inefficient. Conclusion: It is necessary that the degree of changes needed to make ‎efficient the inefficient units be determined by modeling the efficient departments‎.‎
  • Investigating the Effect of Emotional Persuasion on Intention, Motivation
           and Change in Attitudes toward Entrepreneurship of Sports Students

    • Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of emotional motivation on intention, motivation and change in attitudes toward entrepreneurship of sports science students. Method: The study method of this research was quasi-experimental with three groups of subjects (two experimental and control groups) and pre-test and post-test design. The research population consists of graduate and bachelor's degree students in sports sciences of Mashhad universities, in which 150 people were randomly selected as a sample and were exposed to persuasive messages for one month. Results: Findings show that positive emotional motivation, intention, motivation and change of attitude towards entrepreneurship of sports science students have a positive and significant effect. Also, negative emotional motivation had no effect on students' entrepreneurial motivation and attitude, but in relation to the variable of entrepreneurial intention, it shows a significant effect. Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that by showing videos and playing clips along with images and messages related to entrepreneurship, students can be encouraged to take steps towards entrepreneurship‎.‎
  • Impact of COVID-19 Crisis on University Faculty Members' Physical Activity

    • Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the Impact of COVID-19 Crisis on University Faculty Members' of Allameh Tabatabai University Physical Activity Levels. Methods: Data were collected using a researcher-made 21-item questionnaire that 284 people were considered as a sample and answered the online questionnaire. Results: The results of this study show that the faculty members of the university do not have intense and moderate activities. But the general knowledge about the benefits of exercising during the coronavirus period has increased. Other results of this study showed that university faculty members tend to participate in sports activities in post-corona conditions. Conclusion: In a general conclusion, The Covid-19 crisis has created inactivity among human societies. Technology is expanding rapidly and people's lifestyles are changing. Therefore, it is necessary to develop programs for physical activity and health of people.‎
  • The Effectiveness of Exercise Along with Health Literacy Training on Fatty
           Liver Grade and Body Mass Index in Sedentary Middle-Aged Men

    • Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise combined with health literacy training on liver fat grade and body mass index in sedentary middle-aged men. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was a pretest-posttest with a control group.  22 sedentary middle-aged man with a liver grade higher than 1 were purposefully selected and randomly divided into intervention (n = 11) and control (n = 11) groups. The subjects in the intervention group participated in the exercise training protocol for 8 weeks along with the health literacy training program, the control group did not have any intervention. Data were collected through liver ultrasound, blood sampling and body mass index measurement before and after the intervention and analyzed using ANCOVA test and SPSS20 software. Results: The results showed that exercise along with health literacy training improves liver fat content and reduces body mass index in the experimental group compared to the control group (P <0% 5). Conclusion: This study showed that performing two interventions of exercise and health literacy simultaneously is effective in improving the fat content of the liver and body mass index of sedentary middle-aged men and prevents the development of advanced fatty liver.‎
  • The Effect of a Customized Supplement Drink on Blood Lactate of Han-Madang

    • Abstract: Purpose: The adequate use of sport-related modern knowledge such as new findings regarding nutritional and dietary supplements is an essential prerequisite of success in modern professional sport. Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 11 nationally prominent Taekwondoin with 8 to 12 years of experience and profile of (Age: 20±6 years, height: 178±12 cm, weight: 67±11kg, wrist circumference: 17±1 cm) were selected as subjects. The level of blood lactate, the time and speed of execution of Poomsae forms, and the number of Momdollyos successfully performed in 20 seconds were measured separately in a pre-test phase, after the intake of a placebo, and after the consumption of supplement drink. Results: Statistical results showed that lactate levels significantly increased compare to pre-tests in both groups. Although this increasing was not significant between groups in Momdollyo (p=0.599) and Poomsae (p=0.303). Indeed, number of successfully executed and also time of performance were significantly different in both Momdollyo (P=0.000) and    Poomsae (P=0.033). Conclusion: Intake of discussed customized decaffeinated supplement drink increased speed and number of execution of Poomsae forms and Momdollyo techniques but it seems that lactate levels depends on other factors in taekwondoin.‎
  • Physiology of Cutaneous Wound Healing: A Narrative Review Article

    • Abstract: Purpose: Skin is the most important organ of the body and maintains its integrity is critical in good health. Severe skin damage is life-threatening and repairing restores its tissue integrity and delay in it endangers health. According to the importance of wound healing and the fact that not treated wounds may decrease quality of life, many studies have investigated the effect of some natural and chemical substance on the length and quality of wound healing to find out beneficial interventions that rapidly and economically treat it. This review aimed to describe the physiology of cutaneous wound healing and some negative and positive factor with a focus on exercise. Methods: An electronic search without any time limitation was performed on the PubMed, Google scholar and web of science databases to find published articles in English. The keywords were wound healing, exercise, and physiology. According to relation to subject, similarities, and differences 48 articles were selected and reviewed. Results: wound healing is a complicated physiology process that consists of four consecutive overlapping stages. Disruption in each stage disturbs wound healing. Many chemical and herbal compounds are used to speed up wound recovery due to their anti-inflammatory property. Exercise is one of the effective factors in wound healing and many studies evaluated effect of different protocol of exercise on it. The results of studies show that aerobic exercise due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effect is a beneficial method in shortening the length of wound healing, especially in aged, fat, and diabetic individuals. Conclusion: Moderate intensity aerobic exercise as a complementary medicine is a good intervention in the treatment of impaired and chronic wounds.‎
  • The Impact of Different Types of Exercise Training on the Angiopoietin

    • Abstract: Purpose: The objective of this study is to analyse various articles on the effect of various types of exercise on the angiopoietins family and angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs). Methods: PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar databases were searched from 2000 to September 2020. After screening the articles, 19 articles that met the inclusion criteria were studied and analysed. Results: In our body, four types of angiopoietin and eight types of angiopoietin-like proteins have been identified, the functional method of some of them which are still not entirely understood. Angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2 are essential regulators of vascular formation and maintenance. Angiopoietin-1 is found in perivascular and vascular cells within and around smooth muscle cells and plays an important role in growth, vascular stability, and pathological angiogenesis. On the other hand, angiopoietin-2 and angiopoietin-3 are mainly involved in inducing vascular regression, cell death, and inflammation. Angiopoietin-4, like angiopoietin-1, is responsible for the maturation, stabilization, and stasis of blood vessels. Conclusion: Studies show that exercise has a significant effect on increasing capillary density in the human body by increasing angiopoietin as one of the angiogenesis factors. In addition, there are many other benefits such as contribution to fat burning and treatment of coronary artery disease, cancer, asthma, and ischemia. More research is needed on the effects of different types of exercise training on angiopoietins.‎
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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