Subjects -> RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (Total: 204 journals)
    - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS (2 journals)
    - LEISURE AND RECREATION (24 journals)

RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted by number of followers
Annals of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Translation Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Issues in Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Tourism Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Sustainable Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Travel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tourism Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Heritage Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Mobilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nepalese Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Tourism and Himalayan Adventures     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Tourism Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
E-Journal of Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Information Technology & Tourism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Tourism Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cornell Hospitality Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism & Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism Planning & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tourism Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anatolia : An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Management Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Studies in Travel Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Culture & Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Space and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of China Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Event Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Tourism Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tourist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tourism Recreation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Knowledge Management in Tourism and Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ecotourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism Futures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hospitality and Event Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business & Hotel Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Tourism in Marine Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Turismo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Craft Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Virtual de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Vacation Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tourism & Adventure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Journal : Tourism and Hospitality Essentials Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatolia : A Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marketing & Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mondes du Tourisme     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Place Management and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Travel Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestion Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tourism Critiques : Practice and Theory     Open Access  
ARA : Revista de Investigación en Turismo     Open Access  
Tourism and Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research     Open Access  
Perspectives in Asian Leisure and Tourism     Open Access  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Sasdaya : Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Sciences in Travel and Hospitality     Open Access  
Gaze: Journal of Tourism and Hospitality     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education     Open Access  
Journal of International and Thai Tourism     Open Access  
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Dusit Thani College Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Tourism and Travelling     Open Access  
Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights     Hybrid Journal  
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness     Open Access  
Jurnal Destinasi Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal Analisis Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal IPTA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kepariwisataan dan Hospitalitas     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Terapan     Open Access  
Via : Tourism Review     Open Access  
Matkailututkimus     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Turismo y Empresa     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Derecho del Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
ROTUR : Revista de Ocio y Turismo     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Pesona     Open Access  
Geotourism/Geoturystyka     Open Access  
Revista Organizações em Contexto     Open Access  
Geofronter     Open Access  
Espiga     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica de Administração e Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Academicus     Open Access  
Matrik : Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Cenário : Revista Interdisciplinar em Turismo e Território     Open Access  
Turystyka Kulturowa     Open Access  
Jurnal Master Pariwisata (Journal Master in Tourism Studies)     Open Access  
RACE - Revista de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia     Open Access  
Research in Hospitality Management     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Ambiente y Turismo     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de turism - studii si cercetari in turism     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Téoros     Open Access  
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality Financial Management     Open Access  
TRANSIT     Open Access  
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Journeys     Full-text available via subscription  


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Journal of Tourism Futures
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2055-5911 - ISSN (Online) 2055-592X
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Gender equality boost for regenerative tourism: the case of Karenni
           village Huay Pu Keng (Mae Hong Son, Thailand)

    • Authors: Brigitte Nitsch , Charlotte Vogels
      Abstract: This paper display how “objectifying” forms of tourism can be converted into a more gender-equal regenerative tourism. The methodology generates shared understandings about the opportunities and challenges of implementing regenerative tourism by stimulating gender equality. The research design is based on qualitative research methods. Using a transformative tourism development process of the Karenni village Huay Pu Keng in Thailand, which is the first and only village that made this transition, the results of a process to stimulate the empowerment of women have been described. The desk research and conversations reported in the findings of this paper provide important insights in the social impacts in relation to gender equality and women empowerment. The community has become a role model for transformative tourism in relation to gender equality. Findings included that women are more involved in tourism activities, which has created a positive shift towards a gender balance. However, there is still a difference in education and participation between men and women. The study further reveals how tourism contributes to enliven the indigenous traditions and cultures and be a model for future developments in creating life-long meaningful experiences. Insights of the first and only Karenni village that made a transition to community-based tourism demonstrate how the community has been empowered. It improved the gender balance to make strategic decisions towards transforming their futures. Exploring this process is therefore valuable, as it contains knowledge that can be advantageous for other communities and research.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-07-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0032
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Regenerative tourism: the challenge of transformational leadership

    • Authors: Jenny Cave , Dianne Dredge , Claudia van't Hullenaar , Anna Koens Waddilove , Sarah Lebski , Olivier Mathieu , Marta Mills , Pratishtha Parajuli , Mathias Pecot , Nico Peeters , Carla Ricaurte-Quijano , Charlotte Rohl , Jessica Steele , Birgit Trauer , Bernadette Zanet
      Abstract: The aims of this paper are to share how one cohort of tourism practitioners viewed the transformative change needed within the tourism industry and to explore the implications for leadership in the future. The research design is based on a virtual whiteboard brainstorming activity incorporating both the individual and collective thinking of 20 participants in a global cohort class. Using conversational techniques to elicit cognitive knowledge and felt experience, the methodology generates shared understandings about the opportunities and challenges of implementing regenerative tourism. The conversations reported in the findings of this paper provide important insights into the challenges and opportunities faced by tourism professionals as enablers of regenerative tourism. Findings included, first, that participants within the course demonstrated characteristics of transformational leadership including a strong moral positioning, embodied self-awareness, collaboration and collective action. Second, specific points of inertia that impede regenerative tourism are identified including embedded culture, power and organisational structures. Third, professionals are calling for practical tools, new frames of reference, and examples to help communicate regenerative tourism. This is a viewpoint, not a research paper. Nonetheless, it provides a rich vein of future research in terms of disruptive pedagogy, potentially gendered interest in regenerative tourism, issues of transforming the next generation and power. Governance, organisational, destination management strategies, planning and policy frameworks, individual issues as well as contradictions within the tourism system were revealed. Transformative change in an uncertain future requires transformational leadership, characterised by moral character and behaviours that trigger empowered responses. This paper shares insights from a unique global cohort class of tourism professionals wherein the challenges and opportunities for regenerative tourism are identified. The methodology is unusual in that it incorporates both individual and collective thinking through which shared understandings emerge.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-02-2022-0036
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Lessons from COVID-19 for the future: destination crisis management,
           tourist behaviour and tourism industry trends

    • Authors: Carolina Aldao , Dani Blasco , Manel Poch Espallargas
      Abstract: This research aims at arriving at a broad scope of the lessons learnt after two years of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak by analysing the catalyst and inhibiting factors within three aspects of the tourism sector: destination crisis management, tourist behaviour and tourism industry trends. The methodology of this paper involves semi-structured interviews with high-ranking European travel agents as the agents represent the intermediates between the tourism offer and demand. Data obtained from travel agents disclosed the factors that catalysed and inhibited the destination, the behaviour of tourists and the tourism industry trends. By contrasting data with previous literature, constructing an overview of the positive and negative outcomes of the pandemic in the tourism sector is possible. Governments, destination marketing and management organisations and tourism and hospitality organisations could learn from the lessons of COVID-19 outbreak to cope better with future disruptive events affecting the tourism industry. The paper is novel as it is the first overview that attempts to synthesise the lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic in the tourism sector by analysing tourism sector's three dimensions: the destination, the tourists and the industry.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-07-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-02-2022-0059
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Drivers and barriers of travel behaviors during and post COVID-19
           pandemic: a systematic literature review and future agenda

    • Authors: Naveed Ahmad , Amran Harun , Hafiz Muhammad Usman Khizar , Junaid Khalid , Shumaila Khan
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the drivers and barriers of travel behavior associated with tourist behavior during/post-COVID-19 pandemic to provide a knowledge base as well as an agenda for future research. The authors utilized the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) technique for searching the articles published in Web of Science (WOS) and Scopus, to identify the main drivers and barriers affecting the tourist behavior during/post-COVID-19 pandemic. Eventually, 47 articles were chosen for the final analysis. The findings are reported in three sections, (1) quantitative research profile, (2) qualitative synthesis and (3) future agenda. This study addresses the nuanced questions regarding the significant change in tourist travel behavior, emotional dynamics and a detailed understanding of mechanisms, such as which drivers and barriers affect tourist behavior in a particular destination. Drivers and barriers to tourist travel behavior were characterized in personal-related, destination-related, and health-related factors. Moreover, this study provides thought-provoking ideas in theory, policy and practice in the field of tourism and hospitality. This study has three limitations, as follows. First, the authors searched only two databases, Scopus and Web of Science, due to which the authors might be missing some related studies existing on the other databases. Although these databases provide an extensive range of academic literature, further studies could extend the data collection from the other databases (e.g. via Taylor & Francis). However, our systematic literature review (SLR) coverage is quite extensive, since journals are listed on these three main databases. Second, the authors followed a main study search protocol based on the synonyms and related keywords, however, some of the studies that may be related to the tourist behavior towards the destination are missing on account of the lack of our keywords in there, title, author, keyword and abstract. Furthermore, future research could endeavor to add other keywords to expand the results of studies. Third, although the accurate analysis was conducted to reduce subjectivity in identifying themes for drivers and barriers of tourist behavior, future studies on categorization could work to ensure that other sub-themes categorize. The recent study has some key practical implications. First, this study is valuable for all the stakeholders in a unique way, including destination managers, academicians and policymakers, because it provides insight into barriers and drivers that influence the development of tourist behavior towards the destination. Second, the current study also offers practical implications for people involved in tourism service industries including governments and private businesses. Policymakers and other leaders are increasingly interested in harnessing the economic potential of tourism. Therefore, identifying the barrier which is inhibiting the tourist traffic towards the destination is beneficial to understand and effectively develop strategies to minimize the effect of such factors. Moreover, drivers and barriers of tourist behavior towards the destination in the COVID-19 pandemic situation towards the destination may help to create a framework for the development of destinations according to the current vulnerable situation. Third, current findings suggest that tourism marketers understand the drivers and barrier constructs found in this study and tailor their marketing strategies for attracting existing and new tourists. For instance, marketers should understand the drivers and barriers of tourist behavior for effective strategy development to increase the positive effect of drivers and to reduce the negative effect of barriers. This is the first systematic literature review on the impact of drivers and barriers of tourist travel behavior. This paper analyses the methods and approaches that have been used in the previous literature to examine the drivers and barriers of tourist travel behavior. The paper ends with the research implication and limitations of the studies.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-07-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0023
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Restoring the balance between humanity and nature through tourism
           entrepreneurship: a conceptual framework

    • Authors: Katie Lupton , Christine Samy
      Abstract: For years, there has been an appalling crisis developing – that of the state of our planet. Humanity has become disconnected from nature, with devastating consequences. We are in an emergency state: a crisis of perception (HRH et al., 2010, p. 6). This paper puts forward a conceptual model for harmony restoration through tourism entrepreneurship. In developing the proposed framework, the authors have adopted the seven core principles of Richard Dunne of the Harmony Project, inspired by HRH The Prince of Wales’s vision set out in his book “Harmony: A new way of looking at our world”. The authors propose that developing entrepreneurial tourism in respect of the harmony principles would enhance the industry and act as a platform to educate those that engage with it. In this conceptual viewpoint paper, the authors draw upon the harmony principles to provide a cohesive framework for restoring harmony through entrepreneurship in tourism. The premise of our framework is that for the tourism industry to become more regenerative and transformative, it requires the continuing contributions of the entrepreneurs involved (De Lange and Dodds, 2017; Kirby, 2020). The suggested framework builds on the work of David Kirby (2020) and epitomises a step toward harmony restoration through tourism and entrepreneurship, thus contributing to future research seeking to explore a novel and encircling approach to regeneration and tourism entrepreneurship. The paper provides a foundation for policy making to promote harmonious entrepreneurship practices in the tourism field.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0035
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • What can we learn from Star Wars about the future of tourism'
           Absolutely everything!

    • Authors: Stanislav Ivanov
      Abstract: This viewpoint is a response to Yeoman's (2022) editorial on Sunderland AFC and the future of tourism. This viewpoint aims to outline the lessons one can learn from Star Wars about the future of tourism. The paper reviews the live-action movies and series of the Star Wars franchise. The paper derives specific conclusions in the following directions: the future technology in travel, tourism and hospitality; the tourists' motivation and behaviour; the management of travel, tourism and hospitality companies; destination management; economy and society and lessons from the franchise. This is one of the first papers to elaborate on the lessons one can learn about the future of tourism from the Star Wars live-action movies and series.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-23
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-04-2022-0121
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Transformational tourism – a systematic literature review and
           research agenda

    • Authors: Roshini Nandasena , Alastair M. Morrison , J. Andres Coca-Stefaniak
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine critically the literature on transformational tourism and explore a research agenda for a post-COVID future. A systematic review of the transformational tourism literature is performed over a 42-year period from 1978 to 2020. Further research is required in terms of how transformative experiences should be calibrated and measured both in qualitative and quantitative terms, particularly from the perspective of how tourists are transformed by their experiences. Similarly, the nature and depth of these transformative processes remain poorly understood, particularly given the many different types of tourism associated with transformative experiences, which range from religious pilgrimages to backpacking and include several forms of ecotourism. Future research directions for transformational tourism are discussed with regard to how COVID-19 will transform the dynamics of tourism and travel, including the role of new smart technologies in the creation of enhanced transformational experiences, and the changing expectations and perceptions of transformative travel in the post-COVID era. In addition, the researchers call for future studies on transformational tourism to explore the role of host communities in the delivery of meaningful visitor experiences. Transformational tourism is an emerging body of research, which has attracted a growing level of interest among tourism scholars in recent years. However, to this date, a systematic review of published literature in this field has not been conducted yet in a holistic sense. This paper offers a framework for future research in this field.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-22
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-02-2022-0038
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Green workers of Himalayas: evidence of transformation induced

    • Authors: Rohan Bhalla , Nimit Chowdhary
      Abstract: The investigation of the relationship between the future of humanity and the future of ecology is a pertinent issue. In this context, the study aimed to explore people's travel experience in the Himalayan region of India for transformation and well-being and how transformation induces their involvement in regenerative practices. The authors investigated if transformations contribute to the well-being of all living beings and the environment and induce involvement in regenerative practices' The authors preferred qualitative research design and selected narrative inquiry as a research approach to bring individuals' life stories to the centre stage for examination. Accordingly, diachronic data was collected, and a paradigmatic type of narrative inquiry was applied that uses paradigmatic analytical procedures to produce thematic categories and taxonomies from the database. Nine themes were identified and discussed in the light of existing literature. Transformational tourism promotes well-being and reduces mental health anomalies. The study participants used words like calm, compose, stress-free, and compassion, indicating enhanced consciousness. They also reported satisfaction and induced environmentally friendly behaviour after serving the community and environment at tourist destinations situated in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and the Union territory of Ladakh of the Himalayan region of India. The paper collates evidence to establish a correlation between transformation and regeneration. There is a suggestion that transformative travel leads to participation in regenerative activities. The paper is based on people's experiences described as green workers of the Indian Himalayas and provides empirical conclusions that support the argument of transformational induced regenerative tourism.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-21
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-12-2021-0273
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Analyzing the main determinants of being a cultural traveler: the case of
           domestic cultural trips in Spain

    • Authors: Marcos Álvarez-Díaz , Mónica Villanueva-Villar , Elena Rivo-López
      Abstract: Analyzing the main determinants that lead a traveler to make a cultural trip is an important issue to understand where the cultural tourism market is going, and where the decision-makers should intervene. This study helps develop a profile of cultural tourism participants, and underscore the changes in this market niche. This information is crucial for the successful marketing and development of cultural tourism in the future. The authors estimate a binary probabilistic (logit) model to determine the probability of a tourist to travel for cultural reasons, as a function of the traveler's socio-economic characteristic (e.g. age, gender, income or level of studies), of the trip-related characteristics (e.g. distance traveled to destination or mode of transport) and of the characteristics of the province of destination (e.g. weather conditions or existence of cultural sites at destination). This study’s estimates reveal that middle-aged individuals, with a higher level of studies and with a medium level of income show a higher propensity to travel for cultural reasons. The latter finding evidences that cultural tourism has evolved from a niche market reserved for an elite clientele to a much wider range of people. Additionally, cultural travelers tend to travel statistically much longer distances. They are less prone to visit crowded destinations, prefer visiting destinations with important cultural sites, and are less sensitive to weather conditions. Finally, the authors discover a complementary effect of culture tourism and other activities carried out during the trip such as visiting cities or theme parks; and a substitution effect with “beach-and-sun” tourism. The information given in this study can be crucial for the successful marketing and development of cultural tourism in the future. A better understanding of the main determinants of being a cultural traveler implies a better and a more efficient implementation of managerial and political measures to attract a kind of tourism characterized by a high spending capacity. Discovering the main determinants of being a cultural traveler is a topic scarcely treated in the literature. This study has the main originality to include characteristics of the destination (pull factors) to explain the individual's decision to take a cultural trip. Moreover, the authors work at a provincial (NUTS-3) level of analysis, which makes this study original in the field of cultural tourism.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-10-2021-0237
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The reciprocity of soil, soul and society: the heart of developing
           regenerative tourism activities

    • Authors: Line Mathisen , Siri Ulfsdatter Søreng , Trine Lyrek
      Abstract: The study aims to investigate how tourism actors' methodologies fuel the development of regenerative activities anchored in the reciprocity of nature and humans directed at bringing well-being for all living beings. To shed light on micro-scale regenerative creation processes in tourism, the authors engage in co-creative case study research with the owners of a small value-driven tourism firm in Arctic Norway in their creation of activities that strengthen the human–nature relation. The authors found that the values of the tourism firm's owners constitute the soul creating regenerative activities based on the reciprocity of soil and society. Thus, the authors posit that soil, soul and society are at the core of developing regenerative tourism activities. A key finding identified is that it is challenging for small eco-centric driven firms to co-create regenerative tourism activities within a capitalocentric system. For regenerative activities to become regenerative tourism practices, multiple actors across levels of operations must act as responsible gardeners. The study extends current literature on regenerative tourism by providing in-depth insights into the methodology, illustrated through soil, soul and society, guiding one small tourism firm's development of regenerative tourism activities and what drives these processes. The study also contributes knowledge that broadens the use of well-being in tourism to better address current capitalocentric challenges limiting the development of regenerative practices.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-11-2021-0249
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Transformational marketing and transformational travel

    • Authors: Marco Martins , Lara Santos
      Abstract: This research seeks to understand if transformational marketing can be used as a tool that helps destinations to create products that can be individually, or group tailored to result in an enjoyable way to gain self-awareness, spiritual experience and an expansion of consciousness. This article is exploratory and with it, one intended to raise questions and hypotheses aiming to broaden the discussion scope on transformational marketing as a tool to create products that can not only conquer transformational travelers, but that also helps creating the conditions to expand this niche. One suggests that destinations' that adopt transformational marketing as a tool will gain not only an advantage over their competitors, but will also, create the conditions for a more sustainable and responsible tourism development. Therefore, destinations that implement transformational marketing-based strategies will see tourism become a catalyst for environmental, social, cultural and economic regeneration. This paper contributes to research on transformational tourism and transformational marketing pointing out some possible paths to be explored. More broadly, this research provides some valuable insights into the future of tourism destinations' marketing and development dimensions.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0025
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Recognising the regenerative impacts of Canadian women tourism social
           entrepreneurs through a feminist ethic of care lens

    • Authors: Karla A. Boluk , Gaurav Panse
      Abstract: The overarching aim of this project is to understand the role women tourism social entrepreneurs (TSEs) play in contributing to regenerative practices in Canada. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with women food TSEs with snowball sampling. This paper challenges the assumption that the masculine experience is the human experience. Accordingly, this research is informed by a feminist ethic of care lens to recognise the important role of Canadian women TSEs. Methodologically, the authors employed the strategies of a constructivist grounded theory to guide the analysis (Charmaz, 2011). This process involved carefully engaging in a close line by line reading of the transcripts, developing codes based on the authors’ dealings with the data including summarising, synthesising and sorting the data (Charmaz, 2011). The analysis revealed three categories: (1) Adopting a regenerative mindset and enhancing well-being, (2) Supporting the consumption of real food and (3) Educating communities for regenerative and just futures. The analysis revealed the importance of women TSEs in adopting a regenerative and caring mindset to enhance the well-being of their communities and beyond. The study focusses on the learnings from 11 entrepreneurs from Canada. There is a scope to expand the discussion with more interviews. The impact of this pandemic on the small businesses resulted in affecting the researchers’ participation by presenting some unique challenges in participant recruitment. Maybe the studies in the near future will focus on grounding the research papers based on other sexual orientations and indigenous social entrepreneurs. The authors hope future studies centre diversity and attend to the role of women in their communities to better under the diverse contributions. The work presented here is part of a broader study on the role and impact of women TSEs and so only reveals the tip of the Canadian iceberg. Forthcoming studies will attend to some of the gender-specific barriers faced by women TSEs and the supports required particularly in the wake of COVID-19. The authors hope other scholars continue to build on this work, adopting feminist approaches to enhance our understanding of the role women play in contributing to just, caring and regenerative futures. Contributing to Higgins-Desbiolles and Monga's (2021) in-depth case study using an ethic of care to examine an Australian events business supporting homeless individuals, the analysis of the 11 in-depth interviews with Canadian TSE provides evidence of alternative ways women are delivering social value. Using an ethic of care lens has elicited the impacts created by the informants and the ripple effects particularly in light of regenerative practices which are crucial in the tourism sector as borders and destinations reopen to tourism as noted by Ateljevic (2020). There are few studies in the tourism social entrepreneurship literature that recognise the agency and centres the vocies of women. Kimbu and Ngoasong (2016) made a call for more research to understand how women engage in social entrepreneurial activities and benefit their local communities. There are limited analyses on regenerative tourism in practice in the scholarly literature. To respond to this gap the authors examine the regenerative practices of women TSEs in Canada.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-06-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-11-2021-0253
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Regenerative tourism: transforming mindsets, systems and practices

    • Authors: Dianne Dredge
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the mindset shift, systems change and boundary spanning practices needed to transition to a regenerative approach in tourism. The paper seeks to deliver concrete ways to shift thinking and transition to a regenerative paradigm. This viewpoint paper defines regenerative tourism, explores its principles and the levers for driving transformational change in tourism. It outlines what a conscious approach to regenerative tourism entails and outlines working principles for regenerative tourism. The paper concludes by identifying five key areas for reflection that seek to challenge established thinking and practice. The reinvention of tourism requires work in three key areas: systems change, mindset shift and practice. Three findings are summarised as: (1) Regenerative tourism requires a shift in social-ecological consciousness and depends on our capacity to evolve our thinking from “me” to “we” and to develop compassion, empathy and collaborative action. (2) Scientific management is inconsistent with the transition to regeneration. Tourism must be managed as a complex adaptive system and overcome the challenges of individualism, reductionism, separation and marketisation associated with scientific thinking. (3) Regenerative tourism requires a deeply engaged bottom-up approach that is place-based, community-centred and environment-focused. This paper shares the reflections, working principles and recommendations of The Tourism CoLab and is based on 30 years of experience as a consultant, policy analyst, educator, researcher, professor and now as founder of two tourism social enterprises. With the luxury of reflection and the distance from higher education that many do not have, the author shares her approach to shifting mindsets and driving transformative change.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0015
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The Covid-pandemic has ended. Again.

    • Authors: Jeroen Oskam , Tim Davis
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the evolving interpretations of the Covid crisis and its impact on hospitality and tourism. Scenario planning paper following Framework Foresight about the Covid pandemic and its impact on hospitality and tourism. Research input was gathered from research reports in different disciplines and discussions with an expert panel. The paper argues that hypothesized recovery scenarios were founded on hope and inaccurate extrapolations, and that hospitality and tourism may head for permanently lower volumes. The paper contributes to the debate on tourism resilience and hopeful visions of a sustainable restart. Instead of just focusing on direct pandemic impact and that of governmental measures, a third variable of consumer confidence will be decisive, and more important than expected by many initially, in future scenarios for hospitality and tourism. The proposed scenarios that were designed with executive level industry input have so far proven more realistic than prevalent views of a swift recovery.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-03-2022-0091
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The Doughnut Destination: applying Kate Raworth's Doughnut Economy
           perspective to rethink tourism destination management

    • Authors: Stefan Hartman , Jasper Hessel Heslinga
      Abstract: In this viewpoint paper, the authors explore and discuss how Kate Raworth's (2017) Doughnut Economy perspective and accompanying “Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist” can be applied to rethink the future of tourism destination management for the better. The authors take a “transferability” approach, being a process performed by the authors as readers of existing work noting its specifics in order to compare them to the specifics of an environment with which they are familiar. In this viewpoint paper, the authors apply the work of Raworth to the environment of tourism destination development. The Doughnut Economy perspective and the accompanying “seven ways” help forward tourism destination management in the future, even more when it is interpreted and tailored to a tourism context and reconceptualized as the Doughnut Destination as presented in this paper. The work of Kate Raworth has been gaining interest and support throughout academia, society and in various (economic) policy domains. Surprisingly, it has not been applied to the tourism context to its full extent, even though it offers much potential in recent discussions on overtourism, carrying capacity and limits of acceptable change as well as offering a possible framework to structure monitoring effects in the pursuit of developing smart tourism destinations.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-24
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0017
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The effect of social networks on the development of gastronomy – the way
           forward to the development of gastronomy tourism in Serbia

    • Authors: Dragan Vukolic , Tamara Gajić , Mirjana Penic
      Abstract: To evaluate some of the current discussions about the possible impacts of social networks on the development of gastronomy in the Republic of Serbia. There could be either positive and/or negative impacts and this viewpoint provides some reflection on what the future might hold for some if not many tourism destinations in Serbia and the region when the tourism industry restarts after the pandemic of Covid-19 virus. The research was conducted in December 2021, on a total of 244 respondents in three cities in Serbia. SPSS software was used, version 26.00, and the obtained data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Then, to determine the structure of the questionnaire and the percentage of variance, an exploratory factor analysis was performed together with a higher order factor analysis, in order to obtain the desired number of factors. Subsequently, the authors used multiple regression analysis to confirm the significance of the predictors. The goal of the research was to determine whether, and to what extent, social networks can predict the choice of restaurants and gastronomic offers in Serbia. Serbian gastronomy has a great influence on the development of tourism, so this research has a wide scientific and practical contribution. This paper provides a context and viewpoint on the possible implications of impacts of social networks on the development of gastronomy in the Republic of Serbia in the future. It has been proven that social networks can have an impact on the development of gastronomy and tourism itself. To examine the impact of social networks on the development of gastronomy, the authors conducted a survey online due to the current Covid-19 pandemic. The limitation of this research was precisely that the authors did not have the opportunity to conduct the research live due to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is recommended that such surveys be conducted live in direct contact with respondents in the future in order to obtain a larger sample with fully completed questionnaires. The importance of social networks is increasingly a topic of study of world research, especially when it comes to gastronomy, which is becoming increasingly important as an activity in the tourism industry. The results indicate that the greatest importance in predicting the choice of restaurants and gastronomic offers has social networks and marketing. The importance of the work is reflected in the recognition of the importance of social networks, in order to better place Serbian gastronomy. This paper offers a synthesis of views that fosters an understanding of the possibility of impacts of social networks on the development of gastronomy in the Republic of Serbia before and after the Covid-19 pandemic. The viewpoint proffered in this paper provides scope for a rapid evaluation of the current status of gastronomy tourism in Serbia which can help practitioners and researchers in the faster and better development of gastronomy and tourism.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-24
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0034
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The future of apitourism in Iran based on critical uncertainty approach
           and DEMATEL/COPRAS techniques

    • Authors: Mohammad Reza Fathi , Mohsen Torabi , Somayeh Razi Moheb Saraj
      Abstract: Apitourism is a form of tourism that deals with the culture and traditions of rural communities and can be considered one of the most sustainable methods of development and tourism. Accordingly, this study aims to identify the key factors and plausible scenarios of Iranian apitourism in the future. This study is applied research. For this purpose, first, by examining the theoretical foundations and interviewing experts, the key factors affecting the future of Iranian apitourism were identified. Then, using a binomial test, these factors were screened. Both critical uncertainty and DEMATEL techniques were used to select the final drivers. Two drivers of “apitourism information system and promotional activities” and “organizing ecological infrastructure” were selected for scenario planning using critical uncertainty and DEMATEL techniques. According to these two drivers, four golden beehive, expectancy, anonymous bee and black beehive scenarios were developed. Each scenario represents a situation for apitourism in the future. According to the criteria of trend compliance, fact-based plausibility and compliance with current data, the “Black Beehive” scenario was selected as the most likely scenario. The “Golden Beehive” scenario shows the best case in terms of apitourism information system and implementation of promotional activities and organizing and providing ecological infrastructure. The “Black Beehive” scenario, on the other hand, describes an isolated and vulnerable system. Developing plausible Iranian apitourism scenarios helps key stakeholders and actors develop flexible plans for various situations.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2021-0215
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Transformative roles in tourism: adopting living systems' thinking for
           regenerative futures

    • Authors: Loretta Bellato , Niki Frantzeskaki , Carlos Briceño Fiebig , Anna Pollock , Elke Dens , Bill Reed
      Abstract: The “tourism living systems” (Tourism Living System – TLS) concept is underdeveloped, with limited relevant theoretical analysis to understand how it can support the transformations of tourism systems towards healthy communities and places. This paper aims to conceptualise TLSs and key stakeholder roles for enacting regenerative tourism using a living systems perspective. Knowledge synthesis and co-production were used to identify the conceptual framework and its applications. Knowledge synthesis was undertaken through a scoping review of the regenerative tourism literature and supplemented by a consultation exercise with leading regenerative tourism practitioners. Co-production of knowledge involved case study research to assess the conceptual framework's practical applications and revise it with regenerative tourism practitioners. The study revealed that regenerative tourism is informed by living systems' thinking. The authors identify five diverse, interdependent and interconnected stakeholder roles from the case studies and scoping review. All stakeholder roles are vital for constituting tourism systems that contribute to the healthy evolution of social-ecological systems. Real-world case study applications of the TLS framework will guide tourism stakeholders who seek to adopt regenerative tourism approaches. The study contributes to developing new frontiers in tourism stakeholder roles and paradigms with implications for regenerative tourism futures. The TLS framework challenges industrial conceptions of tourism by proposing a shift in stakeholder roles from extraction to generating new life to survive, thrive and evolve.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-11-2021-0256
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Visiting a : local lifestyles as drivers of (food) tourism transformation

    • Authors: Nair Morón-Corujeira , Francesc Fusté-Forné
      Abstract: This research analyses the relationships between local foodscapes and tourism futures departing from furanchos as examples of a rural Spanish's authentic food tradition which reveals the transformative power of local foods and culinary practices in tourism. Using a narrative inquiry, the qualitative case study is based on ten semi-structured interviews with local owners of furanchos in the Spanish region of Galicia. Results show the key characteristics of furanchos, and their potential for sustainable food production and consumption. The regulatory framework and its close connection with the environment are the reasons why they provide transformative (food) tourism experiences. Drawing from the preservation of a culinary culture, the future of food tourism will not only improve the sustainability of food systems and supply chains, but also the understanding of genuine foods and practices that represent people and places.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0009
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Regenerative tourism futures: a case study of Aotearoa New Zealand

    • Authors: Francesc Fusté-Forné , Asif Hussain
      Abstract: This case study urges the future of visitor economy to rely on regenerative tourism to make tourism systems resilience in the long run. The paper draws on published research and industry reports to discuss the future visitor economy and its impact on all dimensions of well-being focused on the case of Aotearoa New Zealand. Results show that post-pandemic tourism transformation must protect and promote local identities, and enhance and enrich visitor experiences with a focus on cultural and natural heritage. The recovery of tourism must not implement regenerative tourism as a new specific type of tourism but as a holistic understanding of tourism futures that encompasses communities and the environment, and where visitors are committed to preserve and protect our natural and socio-cultural environment.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0027
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Circular economy, circular regenerative processes, and placemaking for
           tourism future

    • Authors: Lucia Tomassini , Elena Cavagnaro
      Abstract: This conceptual paper explores the possibility to envision circular regenerative processes embracing agrowth and placemaking within tourism; an industry remarkably connected to the Anthropocene and its detrimental impacts on the planet. Drawing on theorisations of circular economy, on the concept of agrowth, and on theories of placemaking, this viewpoint offers a novel conceptual framework to imagine a regenerative future for tourism. The authors connect the ancient archetype of “circularity”, largely used to make sense of life on Earth, with the Greek concept of oikonomia. The resulting notion of a circular oikonomia is then intersected with theories of placemaking. In doing so, the authors are driven by the idea of de-growth, as an “a-growthism” urging the abandonment of the faith towards growth for an enduring stable regenerative agrowth. The authors offer a novel conceptual framework to counteract the negative impacts of Anthropocene and envision future scenarios in which tourism can make a difference by enacting enduring regenerative processes for places and human and non-human entities. The originality of this study lies in the conceptual framework proposed to imagine the future of tourism, hospitality and mobilities in circular regenerative terms. This study envisions stable and enduring regenerative processes of natural assets, materials, products, services and resources as well as a tourism space made up of lively, multiple, transformative relationships and interactions among people and the environments people live in and travel to.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0004
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Factors affecting value co-creation through artificial intelligence in
           tourism: a general literature review

    • Authors: Konstantinos Solakis , Vicky Katsoni , Ali B. Mahmoud , Nicholas Grigoriou
      Abstract: This is a general review study aiming to specify the key customer-based factors and technologies that influence the value co-creation (VCC) process through artificial intelligence (AI) and automation in the hospitality and tourism industry. The study uses a theory-based general literature review approach to explore key customer-based factors and technologies influencing VCC in the tourism industry. By reviewing the relevant literature, the authors conclude a theoretical framework postulating the determinants of VCC in the AI-driven tourism industry. This paper identifies customers' perceptions, attitudes, trust, social influence, hedonic motivations, anthropomorphism and prior experience as customer-based factors to VCC through the use of AI. Service robots, AI-enabled self-service kiosks, chatbots, metaversal tourism and new reality, machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP) are technologies that influence VCC. The results of this research inform a theoretical framework articulating the human and AI elements for future research set to expand the models predicting VCC in the tourism industry. Few studies have examined consumer-related factors that influence their participation in the VCC process through automation and AI.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-06-2021-0157
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The causal factors influencing repurchase intentions of local tourists in
           Thailand during COVID-19 crisis

    • Authors: Sumana Laparojkit , Muttanachai Suttipun
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the causal factors of customer motivation, trust and loyalty, influencing the level of repurchase intentions of local tourists travelling during pandemic COVID-19 crisis in Thailand. The population of this study comprised all Thai local tourists travelling in Thailand. Using simple random sampling of local tourists on travel in Thailand, quantitative data were collected from 500 tourists as the sampling, representing Northern Thailand, North-Eastern Thailand, Central Thailand, Southern Thailand and Bangkok. Path analysis, including correlation matrix and factor confirmation, was used to test the causal factors influencing the level of repurchase intentions. Motivation trust, customer trust, customer loyalty and repurchase intentions of Thai domestic tourism were on a high level. In addition, there were positive influences of customer motivation, trust and loyalty on the level of repurchase intentions by local tourists travelling in Thailand. The study results demonstrate that the social exchange theory can be used to explain the influences of customer motivation, customer trust and loyalty on repurchase intentions of domestic Thai tourism.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-05-2021-0122
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Restaurants and robots: public preferences for robot food and beverage

    • Authors: Stanislav Ivanov , Craig Webster
      Abstract: The hospitality industry in developed countries is under pressure due to labor shortages and it is likely more food and beverage operations will have to be automated in the future. This research investigates the public’s perceptions of the use of robots in food and beverage operations to learn about how the public perceives automation in food and beverage. Data were collected from a survey disseminated online in 12 languages, resulting in a sample of 1,579 respondents. The data were analyzed using factor analysis and OLS regressions. The data also reveal that generally positive attitudes toward the use of robots in tourism and hospitality is a strong indicator of positive attitudes toward the use of robots in an F&B setting. The data also illustrate that the public’s perception of appropriateness of the use of robots in F&B operations is positively related to robots’ perceived reliability, functionality and advantages compared to human employees. The implications illustrate that the public seems to be generally accepting robots in food and beverage operations, even considering the public’s understanding and acceptance of the limitations of such technologies. The research suggests that a critical element in terms of incorporating automation into future food and beverage operations is encouraging consumers to have generally positive attitudes toward the use of robots in hospitality and tourism industries. This survey is based upon the data gathered in multiple countries to learn about how individuals perceive the use of robots in food and beverage operations, illustrating the attitudes that will assist or hinder the automation of this service industry.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-12-2021-0264
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Post-COVID-19 pandemic motivations and segmentation in coastal cities: a
           study in Lima, Peru

    • Authors: Mauricio Carvache-Franco , Aldo Alvarez-Risco , Wilmer Carvache-Franco , Orly Carvache-Franco , Shyla Del-Aguila-Arcentales
      Abstract: Coastal cities offer great ecological, cultural and economic benefits due to their tourism potential. The objective of this research is to (1) identify tourists' post-pandemic motivations, (2) establish a post-pandemic demand segmentation and (3) determine the relationship between post-pandemic segments and loyalty. This study was carried out in Lima, Peru, a tourist destination on the Pacific Ocean coast. The sample was collected between June and July 2020, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In total, 354 valid questionnaires represented the sample size of this quantitative study. For data analysis, factor analysis and K-means non-hierarchical clustering were used. The results show four post-pandemic motivational dimensions in coastal cities: “novelty and escape,” “learning and culture,” “destination safety” and “service safety.” Likewise, there are two post-pandemic segments in coastal cities: “safety seekers” who want to feel safe at the destination and with its services, and “multiple motives,” motivated by several reasons simultaneously, such as safety, novelty and escape, and learning and culture. The multiple motives group shows higher return intentions, making it a crucial post-pandemic segment in coastal cities. The limitations of the present study were the online sampling and the timing when collecting the data since the demand can vary due to seasonal reasons. Since coastal cities have natural and cultural attractions appealing to many travelers, they should adopt the necessary biosecurity measures to attract the safety seekers’ segment, who wants to feel safe at the destination and with its services. Similarly, the multiple motives’ segment favors safety over other recreational activities in the coastal area, so it is necessary that activities such as sports on the beach, walks, observation of flora and fauna, navigation and interaction with the community, meet the required biosecurity standards. The results will be used to plan the following actions in coastal destinations and meet the tourists’ demands when this health crisis ends. In this context, up to date, demand segmentation by motivations in coastal cities during the COVID-19 pandemic has not been investigated. Such a study will help to obtain post-pandemic results regarding the tourism demand for these destinations. To date, there are no studies in coastal cities that analyze demand segmentation and its motivations for the post-COVID-2019 pandemic.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2021-0219
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The impacts of negative problem orientation on perceived risk and travel
           intention in the context of COVID-19: a PLS-SEM approach

    • Authors: Ümit Şengel , Gökhan Genç , Merve Işkın , Mustafa Çevrimkaya , Ioannis Assiouras , Burhanettin Zengin , Mehmet Sarıışık , Dimitrios Buhalis
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic, which appeared in China in late 2019, has affected the world psychologically, socially and economically in 2020. Tourism is one of the areas where the effects of COVID-19 have been felt most clearly. The study aims to determine the effect of negative problem orientation (NPO) and perceived risk related to the COVID-19 pandemic on travel and destination visit intention. This study employed a convenience and probabilistic sampling method for collecting data from 531 respondents using an online questionnaire. Partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used for testing research model. According to the findings, NPO and perceived risk related to the pandemic were found to have direct and indirect effects on the travel behavior of tourists. The results of this research provide theoretical and practical implications for hospitality and travel businesses on topics such as the psychological effects of the pandemic and the travel behaviors of tourists. It is estimated that the pandemic will also affect tourist behavior due to its effects on human psychology. For this reason, a study conducted in the context of tourist behavior theories is expected to contribute to the literature, managers and future of the tourism.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-05-2021-0130
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Modelling the demand for educational tourism: do dynamic effect,
           university quality and competitor countries play a role'

    • Authors: Siti Hajar Hussein , Suhal Kusairi , Fathilah Ismail
      Abstract: This study aims to develop an educational tourism demand model, particularly in respect to dynamic effects, university quality (QU) and competitor countries. Educational tourism has been identified as a new tourism sub-sector with high potential, and is thus expected to boost economic growth and sustainability. This study reviews the literature on the determinants of educational tourism demand. Even though the existing literature is intensively discussed, mostly focusing on the educational tourism demand from an individual consumer's perspective, this study makes an innovation in line with the aggregate demand view. The study uses data that consist of the enrolment of international students from 47 home countries who studied in Malaysia from 2008 to 2017. The study utilised the dynamic panel method of analysis. This study affirms that income per capita, educational tourism price, price of competitor countries and quality of universities based on accredited programmes and world university ranking are the determinants of educational tourism demand in both the short and the long term. Also, a dynamic effect exists in educational tourism demand. The results imply that government should take the quality of services for existing students, price decisions and QU into account to promote the country as a tertiary education hub and achieve sustainable development. Research on the determinants of the demand for educational tourism is rare in terms of macro data, and this study includes the roles of QU, competitor countries and dynamic effects.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2020-0144
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Impacts and restoration strategy of the tourism industry post-COVID-19
           pandemic: evidence from Vietnam

    • Authors: Hoa Dinh Vu , Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen , Nga Thi Phuong Nguyen , Duy Ba Tran
      Abstract: This paper presents the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Vietnam's tourism industry to propose appropriate recovery strategies in the future. This study uses a combination of research methods. Data were collected from the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, General Statistics Office, Vietnam National Administration of Tourism and Ministry of Health. Non-parametric statistical methods were applied to analyze the differences between epidemic and non-epidemic periods and find correlations between the number of infections and data related to the performance of the tourism industry. In-depth interviews with 20 people linked to tourism activities were conducted to analyze the impacts and propose strategies for future recovery. The results demonstrate the severe impact of the pandemic on Vietnam's tourism industry based on a decrease in the number of visitors, business activities, revenue and employment rate. Therefore, to recover tourism – Vietnam's key economic sector in the future – developing reasonable strategies to build a safe tourism environment, building a sustainable tourist market, diversifying and improving tourism high-quality tourism products, marketing, human resources, digital transformation and sustainable tourism are necessary, along with the development trend of the industry after COVID-19. This paper synchronously and systematically presents the effects of COVID-19 on Vietnam's tourism industry based on official data. Strategies are proposed to handle these effects on a reliable scientific basis. This study can be considered a valuable reference for researchers and managers of tourism in developing countries, such as Vietnam.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2021-0218
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Linking the intrinsic and environmental constraints with PwD tourists'
           behavioral intentions toward a travel destination: mediating role of
           learned helplessness

    • Authors: Bijoylaxmi Sarmah , Shampy Kamboj , Ravi Chatterjee
      Abstract: The present study examines the antecedents of learned helplessness, i.e. intrinsic and environmental constraints and consequences, i.e. intention to travel and expectation in the context of people with disability (PwD) tourism context by applying the “Theory of Learned Helplessness”. The survey method was used to gather data from 209 physically disabled people who had visited/traveled to any tourist destination in the past twelve months. Structural equation modeling technique was used to analyze data. The findings reveal that intrinsic and environmental constraints positively influence learned helplessness. Consequently, learned helplessness negatively effects intention to travel and positively affects expectation of PWD tourist' toward a travel destination. Furthermore, learned helplessness contributed as a mediator between intrinsic constraints and intention to travel toward a tourist destination. Even though the body of literature on associations studied pertaining the conceptual lens of learned helplessness is widely recognized, there is dearth of literature investigating the connections between travel constraints, learned helplessness, PwDs intention and their expectation in travel destination context.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-02-2021-0053
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • The effect of social media on travel planning process by Chinese tourists:
           the way forward to tourism futures

    • Authors: Yuke Yuan , Chung-Shing Chan , Sarah Eichelberger , Hang Ma , Birgit Pikkemaat
      Abstract: This paper investigates the usage and trust of Chinese social media in the travel planning process (pre-trip, during-trip and post-trip) of Chinese tourists. Through a combination of structured online survey (n = 406) and follow-up interviews, the research identifies the diversification of the demand-and-supply patterns of social media users in China, as well as the allocation of functions of social media as tools before, during and after travel. Social media users are diverse in terms of their adoption of social media, use behaviour and scope; the levels of trust and influence; and their ultimate travel decisions and actions. Correlations between the level of trust, influence of social media and the intended changes in travel decisions are observed. Destination marketers and tourism industries should observe and adapt to the needs of social media users and potential tourist markets by understanding more about user segmentation between platforms or apps and conducting marketing campaigns on social media platforms to attract a higher number of visitors. This paper demonstrated the case of social media usage in mainland China, which has been regarded as one of the fastest growing and influential tourist-generating markets and social media expansions in the world. This study further addressed the knowledge gap by correlating social media usage and travel planning process of Chinese tourists. The research findings suggested diversification of the demand-and-supply pattern of social media users in China, as well as the use of social media as tools before, during and after travel. Users were diversified in terms of their adoption of social media, use behaviour, scope, the levels of trust, influence and the ultimate travel decisions. Destination marketing organizations should note that some overseas social media platforms that are not accessible in China like TripAdvisor, Yelp, Facebook and Instagram are still valued by some Chinese tourists, especially during-trip period in journeys to Western countries. Some tactics for specific user segments should be carefully observed. When promoting specific tourism products to Chinese tourists, it is necessary to understand the user segmentation between platforms or apps. Social media is a powerful tool for tourism development and sustainability in creating smart tourists and destinations worldwide. In China, the use of social media has stimulated the development of both information and communication technology and tourism.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-25
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-04-2021-0094
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Predicting travel intentions using self-disclosure, trust and intimacy:
           the case of Tinder users during COVID-19

    • Authors: Kyrie Eleison Munoz
      Abstract: This paper determines how travel intentions can be predicted using self-disclosure behaviour, trust and intimacy. This case study focuses on Tinder users who utilised the application's Passport feature which allowed them to travel virtually and interact with other users around the globe amid global travel restrictions. This quantitative research conveniently sampled 294 Tinder users who used the Passport feature during COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns. Data were analysed using PLS-SEM. This study revealed that self-disclosure had a significant influence towards future travel intentions. Findings show that the more users self-disclose, the more their intent to travel increase. Trust and intimacy also had significant relationship on travel intentions while intimacy had a mediating effect between self-disclosure and travel intentions. Tourism-oriented establishments and destination marketers should consider Tinder users as a market segment of future tourists. These users have developed travel intentions through in-app interactions and thus comprise an untapped market of potential tourists seeking for meet-ups and niche experiences in a post-pandemic era. This study provides novelty in showing the predictive relationship of self-disclosure, trust and intimacy towards travel intentions. A model consisting of these constructs in the context of online interactions was also empirically tested and found adequate to predict travel intentions.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2021-0232
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Environmentally responsible behaviour in outdoor recreation: the
           moderating impact of COVID-19 related risk perception

    • Authors: Nguyen Thi Khanh Chi
      Abstract: This study examines the mediating role of motivation on outdoor recreation on the attitude–behavior and social marketing–behavior linkages. The paper scrutinizes the moderating impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) risk perception in transforming individual motivation on nature-based outdoor recreation into environmentally responsible behavior. Data were collected and conducted in Vietnamese National Parks. The dataset consists of 900 valid responses by domestic travelers. The research was operationalized using empirical data and employed structural equation modeling (SEM) and SPSS PROCESS analysis. First, this study confirms that outdoor recreation activities and business's marketing on social networks tend to transform into support for individual behavior in terms of protecting environment and having responsibility for environment. Second, the current paper also represents the academic efforts to contribute to outdoor recreation literature by explaining the current global problem that has caused serious upheaval in global society as well as individual life. The findings not only confirmed the mediating role of nature-based outdoor recreation motivation between attitude and behavior, but also examined the moderating effect of COVID-19 risk perception in the relationship between motivation and behavior. The findings indicate the significant association of social marketing, environment attitudes, outdoor recreation motivation and environmentally responsible behavior. The findings not only confirmed the mediating role of nature-based outdoor recreation motivation between attitude and behavior, but also examined the moderating effect of COVID-19 risk perception in the relationship between motivation and behavior. These results provide key insights about examining visitors' behavior for environment protection during future infectious disease outbreaks.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2021-0234
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Reset or temporary break' Attitudinal change, risk perception and
           future travel intention in tourists experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Francesc González-Reverté , Joan Miquel Gomis-López , Pablo Díaz-Luque
      Abstract: There is little knowledge to date regarding the influence of the COVID-19 health crisis on tourists' intention to travel differently in the future. This paper addresses this and explores its determinants. The objective of the present study is to determine to what extent the Spanish tourists affected by COVID-19 may change the way they travel in the future, according to the perceived risk of travel in a pandemic context. Between May and June 2020, the authors conducted a survey with a sample population of Spanish tourists who were resident in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic, for the purposes of studying the role of attitudes and risk in the intention to change the way they want to travel in the future. Cluster analysis and one-way ANOVA were conducted to assess differences among the respondents. Finally, some models were built using the linear regression technique in order to evaluate the role of attitudes in the tourists' adaptive response to the perceived risk of travel. Results confirm the formation of a new way of life influencing tourists' intentions to travel more sustainably. Accordingly, tourists with a previous environmental attitude are less interested in visiting mass tourism beach destinations in the future. However, changes in the way some tourists travel can also be read as an adaptive and temporary response to the perceived risk of contracting the disease, and do not point to a reduction of the vital importance of tourism in their lives. The exploratory nature of the study and the lack of similar international analyses does not allow the authors to contrast its results at a global level, though it offers a starting point for future research in other countries. There are also methodological limitations, since the field work was carried out between the first and second waves of the disease, at a time when the pandemic was in remission, possibly affecting the orientation of some responses, given the desire to recover normalcy and “normal” travel, and this may have influenced the priority given to tourism. This study gives new insights into the debate on the social transformation of the collective consciousness. Despite some signs of change, part of the Spanish tourists are still anchored in traditional tourism practices embedded in cultural factors, which can hinder sustainability in the Spanish tourism industry. The experience of the COVID-19 crisis has not been sufficient to change the declared travel habits of Spanish tourists. Therefore, progress towards the definition of a new tourism system that implies the effective transformation of demand will require applying policies and promoting institutional innovation and education to create paths that facilitate transformative experiences. The study is focused on the analysis of the relationship between attitudes and risk perception, including novel elements that enrich the academic debate on social progress in the transformation of tourism and the possibilities of promoting a reset from the demand side. Moreover, it incorporates, for the first time, the COVID-19 as it was experienced as an explanatory variable to analyse the changing travel attitudes in a post-COVID-19 era. The analysis of the psychosocial mechanisms of risk offers a good opportunity for a better assessment of post-pandemic demand risk perception. Finally, the study offers empirical evidence on how Spanish tourists are reimagining their next and future holidays, which can be highly valuable for destination managers.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-04
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-03-2021-0079
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Asia–Pacific tourism futures emerging from COVID-19 recovery responses
           and implications for sustainability

    • Authors: Susanne Becken , Johanna Loehr
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide contrasting narratives of what the future of Asia Pacific tourism may look like, and to identify how current policy interventions and recommendations made for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) recovery shape the system's trajectory. Drawing on a set of four possible futures emerging from COVID-19, tourism policy responses are analysed and a link to their potential contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals is made. A system goal is presented for each scenario, and what this means for the tourism system. Existing policies indicate that tourism is moving towards a “Discipline” future, although evidence for all four trajectories could be identified. Whilst the “Transform” scenario is most aligned with a sustainable future, the findings highlight that sustainability outcomes are possible in the other scenarios as well, if risks are managed adequately. The limitation is that the core structure of the four futures was not specifically developed for tourism. However, given that tourism is firmly embedded in national and global economies, this limitation is not material. This paper supports decision-makers to develop adaptability in the face of great uncertainty and complexity. Risks and opportunities associated with each of the four tourism futures are identified, and examples are provided how sustainability outcomes can be maximised in each. Sustainability is a safe and necessary strategy regardless of the trajectory to any of the four scenarios. The long-term health of the tourism system and anyone involved in it depends on significant progress along the Sustainable Development Goals. This paper explores pathways for system change and how different COVID-19 policy approaches contribute to shaping the system's trajectory. It highlights the risks associated with certain trajectories, and also identifies how short-term recovery priorities might undermine long-term sustainability.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-05-2021-0131
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Accommodating guests during pandemic times: a case-study of the Airbnb
           Host Community in Aarhus, Denmark

    • Authors: Simon Lind Fischer , Maartje Roelofsen
      Abstract: This paper explores how Airbnb hosts' experiences with and responses to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) health crisis may differ according to their motivations to host and to the type and spatial layout of their Airbnb accommodation. Based on these insights, the paper reflects on the lessons that are learned for the future of short-term rentals. This is a qualitative multi-method small-scale case study, which relies on in-depth interviews and a focus group discussion carried out with a group of hosts affiliated to the Airbnb Host Community in Aarhus, Denmark. Informed by an interpretivist approach, the study aims to make sense of people's subjective experiences with hosting on the Airbnb platform, and how they have continued and adapted their hospitality practices during the pandemic. Participants' adaptive practices vary according to their motivations to host and the type of accommodation that they rent out. Although all hosts in this study now implement more intensive cleaning practices, hosts who stay with their guests onsite tend to take stricter preventative measures to avoid contamination and transmission of the virus in their social interactions with guests. On the contrary, hosts who rent out their entire properties and have minimal contact with their guests found themselves less affected by the pandemic's impacts and have had a continued demand for their properties. The COVID-19 pandemic has unevenly affected Airbnb hosts. Hosts who share their homes with guests require different adaptations to their daily behaviour and cleaning practices at home than hosts who do not stay with their guests and rent out entire properties. However, unlike professional hosts who largely or solely rely on Airbnb for their income, occasional home-sharing hosts tend to be more flexible in coping with cancelled or fewer bookings. This study provides novel insights into the uneven impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on participants in the platform economies of tourism. It contributes to existing literature on the impacts of the pandemic on Airbnb's operations by showing how hosts' adaptive practices are informed by their subjective living conditions and the type of accommodation they can offer their guests.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-09-2021-0209
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Assessing behavioral intention toward green hotels during COVID-19
           pandemic: the moderating role of environmental concern

    • Authors: Rajiv Kumar Dwivedi , Manoj Pandey , Anil Vashisht , Devendra Kumar Pandey , Dharmendra Kumar
      Abstract: The study aims to investigate the consumers' behavioral intention toward green hotels. The tendency of individuals to afford green hotels is further escalating with progressing coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic recurring waves. The increased worry of consumers toward health, hygiene and the climate is acquiring momentum and transforming how consumers traditionally perceive green hotels. The study has recommended an integrated framework incorporating various research fields as attitude-behavior-context theory, theory of planned behavior (TPB) and moderating influences to study the associations among the antecedents of consumers' behavioral intention toward green hotels. The study comprised the participation of 536 respondents residing in the Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR) of India. The data analysis strategy involved the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis to test the proposed research framework. The results and findings of the study indicated a significant influence of fear and uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic and environmental concern on green trust. The results also revealed the considerable impact of green trust on willingness to pay premium, attitude and subjective norms, which significantly influenced behavioral intention. The analysis also revealed the moderating influence of environmental concern in the relationship of green trust and behavioral intention. The study has recommended significant theoretical. The theorists may use this research framework to analyze better the transforming consumer behavior trends toward green hotels in the ongoing fearful and uncertain COVID-19 pandemic scenario. The study has recommended significant managerial implications. The industry practitioners may also utilize the framework to sustain the hotel business and bring new strategic insights into practice to combat the impact of the pandemic and simultaneously win consumers' trust in green hotels. Although the researchers have previously emphasized consumers' intention toward green practices embraced by hotels, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the green hotel industry gained noticeable attention from researchers. Furthermore, there is a scarcity of literature providing insights on the behavioral dynamism of hotel customers' trust, attitude and willingness to pay for green hotels during the repetitive waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study will support the existing literature gap by enlightening the associations among the various antecedents of green hotels' behavioral intention, COVID-19 and environmental concern.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-05-2021-0116
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Does countries' environmental, social and governance (ESG) risk rating
           influence international tourism demand' A case of the Visegrád Four

    • Authors: Adewale Samuel Hassan , Daniel Francois Meyer
      Abstract: This study examines whether international tourism demand in the Visegrád countries is influenced by countries' risk rating on environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors, as non-economic factors relating to ESG risks have been ignored by previous researches on determinants of international tourism demand. The study investigates panel data for the Visegrád countries comprising the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia over the period 1995–2019. Recently developed techniques of augmented mean group (AMG) and common correlated effects mean group (CCEMG) estimators are employed so as to take care of cross-sectional dependence, nonstationary residuals and possible heterogeneous slope coefficients. The regression estimates suggest that besides economic factors, the perception of international tourists regarding ESG risk is another important determinant of international tourism demand in the Visegrád countries. The study also established that income levels in the tourists' originating countries are the most critical determinant of international tourism demand to the Visegrád countries. The research outcomes of the study include the need for the Visegrád countries to direct policies towards further mitigating their ESG risks in order to improve future international tourism demand in the area. They also need to ensure exchange rate stability to prevent volatility and sudden spikes in the relative price of tourism in their countries.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-05-2021-0127
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Augmented reality adoption intention among travel and tour operators in
           Malaysia: mediation effect of value alignment

    • Authors: Syed Shah Alam , Mohammad Masukujjaman , Samiha Susmit , Sumaiya Susmit , Hassanuddeen Abd Aziz
      Abstract: This study evaluated the determinants of augmented reality (AR) adoption in Malaysia's travel and tour operator sectors through an integrated technology-organization-environmental (TOE) and diffusion of innovation (
      DOI ) model. The TOE and
      DOI were considered the primary theoretical models but are combined and extended by including few additional variables. Data were collected from 220 respondents of travel and tour operating businesses in Malaysia and analyzed by applying PLS structural equation model technique. The empirical results established that perceived cost, relative advantages, complexity and compatibility, observability, competitor pressure, value alignment, customer pressure, and trialability are positively connected with the behavioral intention except for external support. The results reveal that value alignment partially mediates the association between relative advantages and behavioral intention, complexity and behavioral intention, compatibility and behavioral intention, perceived cost and behavioral intention except in between trialability and observability. This research is unique as the value alignment construct is included in the model, and thus it fulfills the literature gap by adding the mediation construct. This study contributes to enhancing AR's understanding of the Malaysian travel and tour operator industry through the lenses of owners or managers. It offers an integrated model that combines the TOE and
      DOI models, rare in this sector, and can be replicated or extended with validated scales.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Machine learning models for predicting international tourist arrivals in
           Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic: a multisource Internet data

    • Authors: Dinda Thalia Andariesta , Meditya Wasesa
      Abstract: This research presents machine learning models for predicting international tourist arrivals in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic using multisource Internet data. To develop the prediction models, this research utilizes multisource Internet data from TripAdvisor travel forum and Google Trends. Temporal factors, posts and comments, search queries index and previous tourist arrivals records are set as predictors. Four sets of predictors and three distinct data compositions were utilized for training the machine learning models, namely artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector regression (SVR) and random forest (RF). To evaluate the models, this research uses three accuracy metrics, namely root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE) and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE). Prediction models trained using multisource Internet data predictors have better accuracy than those trained using single-source Internet data or other predictors. In addition, using more training sets that cover the phenomenon of interest, such as COVID-19, will enhance the prediction model's learning process and accuracy. The experiments show that the RF models have better prediction accuracy than the ANN and SVR models. First, this study pioneers the practice of a multisource Internet data approach in predicting tourist arrivals amid the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. Second, the use of multisource Internet data to improve prediction performance is validated with real empirical data. Finally, this is one of the few papers to provide perspectives on the current dynamics of Indonesia's tourism demand.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-10-2021-0239
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
  • Guest editorial: The re-imagination of New Zealand tourism

    • Authors: Ina Reichenberger , Ian Seymour Yeoman
      Abstract: Guest editorial: The re-imagination of New Zealand tourism
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-06-2022-277
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Book review - 100% Pure Future – New Zealand Tourism Renewed

    • Authors: Ina Reichenberger
      Abstract: Book review - 100% Pure Future – New Zealand Tourism Renewed
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-06-2022-275
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Webinar report - 100% Pure Future – New Zealand Tourism Renewed

    • Authors: Eliza Raymond
      Abstract: Webinar report - 100% Pure Future – New Zealand Tourism Renewed
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-06-2022-276
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Human capital futures: an educational perspective

    • Authors: Chris Bottrill
      Abstract: Education institutions can be slow to react to the changes that are happening in human capital development content and delivery. This article highlights some of the shifts that robotics, artificial intelligence (AI) and access to information are having on jobs in tourism and the future of work. It explores the ways in which the tourism education sector can respond. This paper draws upon content shared at several conferences and webinars addressing the future of work and the education delivery methods from experts and commentators on the subject. This was augmented by research conducted by global tourism associations, the World Economic Forum and other global associations and supported with secondary data from recent media and online content providers. By highlighting emerging trends in the sector and skills to thrive in the fourth industrial revolution, we can identify what education should focus on during this period of transition and uncertainty. We need to capitalize on the digital delivery skills we have developed due to COVID-19 and build new content and accessible learning approaches. There are many uncertainties about the future of work and the way that a rapidly digitized education delivery approach has and will affect tourism education in the future. This article is aimed to generate further thought and dialogue by identifying changes and raising points about what we are effective at in public post-secondary education and what we need to capitalize on and adapt to in the future. The core question posed is that if the tourism and hospitality workforce and work environment has changed, has, or can, tourism and hospitality training and education change as well'
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-04-2021-0101
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Family tourism: a New Zealand COVID-19 perspective

    • Authors: Ian Seymour Yeoman , Heike A. Schänzel , Elisa Zentveld
      Abstract: Because of COVID-19, tourist behaviour has changed with a range of trends becoming more prominent. This paper sets out to explain the dominance of family tourism in New Zealand's domestic markets and the trends associated with it. This paper is based upon secondary data from academic literature, industry reports, news media and webinars associated with New Zealand during COVID-19, starting in March 2020. The paper explains the rise of family tourism in New Zealand during COVID-19 based upon the consumer behaviour trends of: (1) Simplicity: In search of slow; (2) Mercurial consumption; (3) Localism; (4) Staycation; (5) Healthy habits; and (6) Is it safe to come out' The usefulness of this paper is derived from explaining why the rise of family tourism occurred based upon the identified trends.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-12-2021-0274
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Tourist behaviour in a COVID-19 world: a New Zealand perspective

    • Authors: Ian Seymour Yeoman , Heike A. Schänzel , Elisa Zentveld
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is considered a “once in a century” public health shock that, at the time of writing, continues to have a profound impact on global tourism and New Zealand. The paper aims to assess how consumer behaviour trends changed using a trends analysis framework. Positioning the paper in the prognosis–prediction paradigm from futures studies and using a trend analysis approach, the authors forecasted a series of tourist trends at the beginning of COVID-19 based upon a multitude of sources trends. Then, 12 months later, they reported on the accuracy of these forecasts. The matrix identifies 15 trends based upon consumer behaviour changes, which are either dominant, slowed, advanced or arrested. The prognosis was largely correct, which was supported by evidence gathered 12 months later. The paper uses a series of different data sources to reflect on the initial forecasts. To some, this may be an issue of rigor, but the authors argue that through triangulation, credibility and validity are increased. First, the evaluation matrix allows users to make sense of COVID-19 based upon the concepts of dominant, slowed, advanced or arrested trends. Second, the matrix allows users to evaluate changes and movement of trends. Third, the trends featured in this paper could be generalisable to several different circumstances associated with simple identity. Fourth, this paper has tested the ability to predict trends in an uncertain environment within the context of the ontological paradigm of prognosis and prediction of futures states.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-03-2021-0082
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Scenarios for New Zealand tourism: a COVID-19 response

    • Authors: Ian Seymour Yeoman , Albert Postma , Stefan Hartman
      Abstract: A case study about the creation of four scenarios that were used to make sense of the fast-moving pace of COVID-19 and the consequences for New Zealand tourism. Adapting global visitor economy scenarios, a set of New Zealand tourism scenarios were constructed using a “back of house Shell” method and were supplemented with an expert panel to test the reliability and validity of the scenarios. The four scenarios constructed were based on two critical uncertainties, namely economic recession and the moral dilemma of the consumer. Four scenarios were portrayed using film and TV titles to help participants visualise the scenarios. Crazy Rich Asians: Recovery represented many of the attributes of tourism in New Zealand prior to COVID-19 i.e. a focus on high value tourists from Asia. Contagion: Survival of the Fittest represented the reality of the COVID-19 pandemic. This Side of Paradise: ReThinking Tourism focused on rebuilding tourism based upon the principles of sustainability. The Colony: Gated Communities represented fortress destinations trying to keep COVID-19 at bay. Each scenario portrayed several features including a unique narrative, tourism, the tourist, vision, strategy and risks. The paper highlighted the trade-offs and conflicts between the scenarios as COVID-19 unfolded in different directions. In a fluid situation, the paper reminds readers of the value of scenarios as framing devices to understand the fast-moving pace of COVID-19 when New Zealand was in unchartered waters. Thus, this study highlights how a scenario-planning process builds resilience and foresight to help stakeholders and actors make sense of crisis situations.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-07-2021-0180
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Re-evaluating New Zealand tourism–what the future holds

    • Authors: Chris Roberts
      Abstract: COVID-19 plunged tourism off the cliff in New Zealand. What did this mean for the country, how did we respond and what is the future' This is a personal account, reflecting on my thoughts and experiences as Chief Executive of Tourism Industry Aotearoa. It is a challenging time to try to predict the future given all the remaining COVID-19-related uncertainties. But there are a number of consistencies that will frame the revival of tourism in New Zealand, when international visitors do return. Government, industry and the community will all look to shape the future of tourism, and it is essential we take a balanced score card approach, building back better with a focus on value. However, we must never forget the customer, who may well have the biggest influence. No specific research was completed for this article–it relies on the author's industry experience. We can only have a successful tourism future in Aotearoa if we deliver a broad range of quality products and services that enable us to meet the promise of an economically, socially, culturally and environmentally sustainable destination. The author’s message is to focus on providing customer value in order to achieve that future. It is simple as that.
      Citation: Journal of Tourism Futures
      PubDate: 2022-02-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JTF-01-2022-0026
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2022)
  • Journal of Tourism Futures

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