Subjects -> RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (Total: 204 journals)
    - HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS (2 journals)
    - LEISURE AND RECREATION (24 journals)
    - RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)

RECREATION, TRAVEL AND TOURISM (178 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Anatolia : A Journal of Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatolia : An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ARA : Revista de Investigación en Turismo     Open Access  
ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno Virtual de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cenário : Revista Interdisciplinar em Turismo e Território     Open Access  
Cornell Hospitality Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Craft Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Issues in Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Dusit Thani College Journal     Open Access  
E-Journal of Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espiga     Open Access  
European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Event Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Gaze: Journal of Tourism and Hospitality     Open Access  
Geofronter     Open Access  
Geotourism/Geoturystyka     Open Access  
Gestion Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Information Technology & Tourism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Event and Festival Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks     Open Access  
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Hospitality and Event Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Hospitality Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Knowledge Management in Tourism and Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Tourism Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tourism Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Tourism Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences in Travel and Hospitality     Open Access  
Journal of Business & Hotel Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of China Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ecotourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Heritage Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hospitality Financial Management     Open Access  
Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International and Thai Tourism     Open Access  
Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Place Management and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sustainable Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Tourism & Adventure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism and Himalayan Adventures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Futures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Travel Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Travel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Vacation Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journeys     Full-text available via subscription  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Jurnal Analisis Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal Destinasi Pariwisata     Open Access  
Jurnal IPTA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kepariwisataan dan Hospitalitas     Open Access  
Jurnal Master Pariwisata (Journal Master in Tourism Studies)     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Pesona     Open Access  
Jurnal Pariwisata Terapan     Open Access  
Marketing & Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Matkailututkimus     Open Access  
Matrik : Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Mobilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mondes du Tourisme     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Perspectives in Asian Leisure and Tourism     Open Access  
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
RACE - Revista de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia     Open Access  
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Hospitality Management     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de turism - studii si cercetari in turism     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Academicus     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica de Administração e Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Ambiente y Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Derecho del Turismo     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Turismo y Empresa     Open Access  
Revista Organizações em Contexto     Open Access  
ROTUR : Revista de Ocio y Turismo     Open Access  
Sasdaya : Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Space and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Studies in Travel Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Téoros     Open Access  
The Journal : Tourism and Hospitality Essentials Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tourism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Tourism & Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Tourism Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Tourism and Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Tourism and Hospitality Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism and Travelling     Open Access  
Tourism Critiques : Practice and Theory     Open Access  
Tourism Culture & Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Tourism in Marine Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tourism Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Tourism Management Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Planning & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tourism Recreation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tourism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tourism Review International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Tourist Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
TRANSIT     Open Access  
Translation Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Turismo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Turystyka Kulturowa     Open Access  
Via : Tourism Review     Open Access  
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

           

Similar Journals
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International Journal of Tourism Cities
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.502
Number of Followers: 4  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 1 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 2056-5607 - ISSN (Online) 2056-5615
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Motivation, perceived authenticity and satisfaction of tourists visiting
           the monastery of Mor Hananyo-Mardin, Turkey

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      Authors: Faruk Seyitoğlu , Kadir Çakar , Özgür Davras
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the relationship between the dimensions of motivation, perceived authenticity and satisfaction of tourists visiting the Mor Hananyo Monastery as a heritage site. The quantitative research method was implemented to test the proposed structural model. Accordingly, a self-administered questionnaire was applied to 341 tourists visiting the monastery of Mor Hananyo between April and May 2019. First, confirmatory factor analysis was performed to ensure the scales’ construct validity; then, the covariance-based structural equation model was established to test the research hypothesis with the help of path analysis. The results showed that all motivation dimensions influence the objective authenticity perception of tourists. Heritage and ancestral motivations influence the constructive authenticity perception of tourists. However, the effect of educational motivation on the same variable was insignificant. Furthermore, only heritage motivation affects the existential authenticity perception of tourists. The results of this study demonstrate that tourist satisfaction has causal relationships with travel motivations and authenticity perceptions. Additionally, although tourist satisfaction has been accepted as an essential and extensively discussed subject in the tourism literature, this study is the first to examine the structural relationships of travel motivations (ancestral, heritage and educational motivations), authenticity perceptions (objective, constructive and existential authenticity) and tourist satisfaction in the monastery context.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-08-2021-0160
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The role of culture as a determinant of tourism demand: evidence from
           European cities

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Lisa Noonan
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of various cultural amenities on tourism demand in 168 European cities. Using data from the European Commission’s Culture and Creative Cities Monitor 2017, a series of regressions are estimated to examine the impact of various cultural amenities on tourism demand while also controlling for other factors that may impact on tourism demand. Diagnostic tests are also conducted to check the robustness of the results. The results reveal that cultural amenities in the form of sights, landmarks, museums, concerts and shows have a positive impact on tourism demand. By pinpointing the cultural amenities that are important for increasing tourism demand, the findings aid stakeholders in the tourism industry as they develop post-pandemic recovery plans. This paper identifies two key aspects of the cultural tourism literature that require deeper investigation and aims to address these aspects. Firstly, while many studies focus on a specific or narrow range of cultural amenities, this study includes a series of measures to capture a range of cultural amenities. Secondly, while many studies are narrow in geographical scope, this paper includes data on 168 European cities across 30 countries.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-07-2021-0154
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The impact of tourism promotion in tourist destinations: a bibliometric
           study

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      Authors: Lázaro Florido-Benítez
      Abstract: This paper aims to provide an assessment of tourism promotion in tourist destinations and airports (TPTDs) and to organize and classify the literature on tourism promotion, with the aim of staging the importance of this topic and encouraging future research in the projection of tourism and marketing sectors. The paper uses the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) database to analyze the bibliometric in TPTDs topic from 2000 to 2021. Additionally, the paper also uses the visualization of similarities (VOS) viewer software to map graphically the bibliographic material. The graphical analysis uses bibliographic coupling, co-citation, citation and co-occurrence of keywords. This study provides an amended new definition of tourism promotion, which is the efficient management of a destination’s resources and strategic plans by destination marketing organizations (DMOs) to adapt the tourism supply to market trends and will empower tourists to visit such destinations. Furthermore, results also show a new paradigm applied to TPTDs topic and classified in five first-order research streams. Digital and mobile marketing, infrastructure, branding, quality, accessibility and information factors about a specific destination which are mostly demanded by tourists are considered as an important means of promotion for the tourism industry. The contribution of this study is important to identify new challenges and opportunities for researchers, DMOs, airport and airlines operators and stakeholders, as disentangling existing contradictions and applying new theoretical framework to make better future decisions by researchers and organizations to provide higher quality to new research in the context of the TPTDs.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-09-2021-0191
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Impact of COVID-19 on tourism image, commitment and ownership: a
           longitudinal comparison

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      Authors: Janarthanan Balakrishnan , Murali Sambasivan
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate the change in the relationship of cognitive destination image, affective destination image, destination psychological commitment and destination psychological ownership with intention to visit destination because of COVID-19 pandemic. The research followed a longitudinal design with 424 samples collected in two phases (t1 – before COVID-19; t2 – during COVID-19). The hypotheses were analysed using structural equation modelling, and the difference between the models (before and during COVID-19) was estimated using multi-group analysis. The results indicate that destination psychological ownership and affective destination image share higher significant relationships with intention to visit destination even during COVID-19. The results have indicated the role of destination psychological ownership in building a sustainable campaign towards the visit intention even during a crisis. The study contributes to understanding the difference of tourists intention to visit destination before and during COVID-19 from the lens of various theories such as psychological ownership, psychological commitment and destination image.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-04-18
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-11-2021-0225
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Sinking houseboats and swaying home stays: community resilience and local
           impacts of COVID-19 in managing tourism crisis in Kerala

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      Authors: Bindi Varghese , Joseph Chacko Chennattuserry , Joseph Varghese Kureethara
      Abstract: The tourism sector of the state of Kerala in India is highly vulnerable and has been extensively impacted by the global pandemic disaster. This paper aims to analyze the impact of COVID-19 (Corona virus pandemic) on houseboat operators and homestay managers. This paper indicates a multi-stakeholder assessment method to examine various pandemic disaster facets through a structured discussion with different destination stakeholders. This study examines qualitative data collected through semi-structured interviews from homestay owners, houseboat operators and government designators in Kerala. This study proposes a conceptual community resilience competency framework that could facilitate speedy crisis management responses. In this study, the sample comprises of nine respondents who play a pivotal role in the travel business, comprising the public sector, private sector, NGO's and community leaders. The qualitative findings identify India’s and the state of Kerala's roles in handling crisis management scenarios over internal strategies and strategy formulation. The results indicate that the supplementary industry practitioners explore tactical and strategic management initiatives to sustain their businesses. The dynamics of stakeholder engagement adopted by the state is given prominence. This study suggests mechanisms to re-establish the brand image and the possible strategies and suggestions that could help in the survival of the Kerala tourism industry in the post-disaster period. The “new normal” has been substantiated in the study by incorporating strategies and precautionary methods adopted by the homestay and houseboat operators so as to address the guests' safety concerns.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-04-13
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-01-2021-0004
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Destination personality: a dimensions analysis and a new scale development
           in Thailand

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      Authors: Piyaporn Auemsuvarn , Piya Ngamcharoenmongkol
      Abstract: This study aims to empirically develop a new destination personality scale (DPS) for Thailand. To fill the previous gaps in the existing literature, this research study used a more concise destination personality definition consisting of human personality traits only, a variety of more than 100 destination stimuli covering 12 categories of tourist destinations including many urban cities across the country, a mix of sample groups (domestic and international tourists) that proportionally represent tourist population visiting the country and mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) approaches. The results revealed that the new scale consists of seven personality dimensions representing eastern cultures: traditionalism, kindness, excitement, easygoingness, liveliness, trendiness and charm. The results also showed that the scale is valid and reliable. First, data was collected using a cross-sectional survey method, so the results are limited to a specific period of time. Thus, longitudinal studies are recommended to enhance the validity and reliability of the scale. Second, destination stimuli used in this scale covered both urban cities and rural areas across the country. Thus, further studies should compare between destination personality dimensions resulting from urban cities as stimuli and those from rural areas. City tourism marketers can use this scale as a valid tool for measuring destination personalities in urban cities of the country and checking whether such personalities are consistent with what is intended. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this research is the first attempt to develop the Thailand Destination Personality Scale (TDPS).
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-07-2021-0144
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Experiencing the public sphere through the eyes of urban tourists in
           Tehran

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      Authors: Zohreh Korani , Zahed Shafiei
      Abstract: This paper aims to find out how tourists in Tehran experience its public areas and pursue two main purposes. The first is to understand the characteristics of the public sphere in Tehran and the second is to discover a way in which the public sphere can play a role in facilitating urban tourism in Tehran. The methodology used in this study is qualitative and phenomenological. In-depth interviews with 26 participants were used to collect data. The interviews were then transcribed, and Maxqda software was used to analyze them. The findings show that the public sphere is a useful tool to discover and explain how to talk and act in different places in Tehran. This sphere is evolving over time, from access to dialogue and finally to action. Although it is not possible to draw a clear line between the different levels of the public sphere, it seems that tourists in Tehran have now entered the literary public sphere. Although they have made efforts, they have not been able to reach the political public sphere and public action. The most important obstacles are the government and the citizens of Tehran. This paper is unique about the connection between the public sphere and urban tourism. The public sphere is a manifestation of the principles of reciprocity and critical debate in the city and a space for understanding through public debate. The public sphere is also a space for equality, rationality and mutual understanding between individuals and reasoning based on speech exchange. Roles that, if given to tourists, could change tourism policy in Iran.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-10-2021-0214
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Tales from two cities: COVID-19 and the localisation of tourism in London
           and Paris

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      Authors: Ilaria Pappalepore , Maria Gravari-Barbas
      Abstract: Drawing on empirical research conducted in London and Paris between July 2020 and June 2021, this paper explores whether these two global metropolises may be able to take the COVID-19 crisis as an opportunity to develop more sustainable forms of urban tourism. More specifically, this study aims to analyse whether new forms of localised tourism have developed as a result of the pandemic, how these have been nurtured and encouraged by the tourism industry in these two cities and the implications of these trends for the sustainable development of tourism in these two cities. A combination of research methods was used: an online Delphi method, followed by in-depth one-to-one interviews with selected stakeholders and complemented by the analysis of media articles, policy documents and secondary data. The qualitative data analysis highlights some key findings: tourism sustainability gained new importance after the pandemic; however, the crisis did not bring the sustainable revolution some stakeholders wished or expected. Nonetheless, in both cities, tourism marketing adopted a new “hyper-local” approach with the objective of encouraging proximity tourism and involving local residents more; thus, pointing to the need to review traditional definitions of the (urban) tourist. Although the blurring between tourism and every day in cities has been widely discussed in tourism theory, this paper provides empirical evidence from two world tourism cities, showing some of the wider, practical implications of these theoretical debates for industry and policymaking in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-09-2021-0199
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The antecedent of event attachment influence on tourism sustainability:
           the case of Jember Fashion Carnaval, Indonesia

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      Authors: Andriani Kusumawati , Edriana Pangestuti , Supriono Supriono
      Abstract: This study aims to highlight the influence of community attachment and community involvement on perceived value and social impact with event attachment, emphasizing the mediating effect on tourism sustainability. A quantitative approach is used in this study to explain the causality relationship based on statistical analysis. The total sample collected in distributing questionnaires to the communities involved in the Jember Fashion Carnaval is 221 from various types of communities. Construct this study’s validity, reliability and hypothesis testing using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) to produce SEM. The results of this study that show positive and significance are community attachment and community involvement on perceived value, community attachment and community involvement on perceived social impact, perceived social impact on event attachment and event attachment on tourism sustainability. Meanwhile, the effect of the perceived value relationship on event attachment is not significant. This study also presents the mediating role, which has also been described. The study was only conducted on the most significant event in Jember City, Indonesia, and therefore, the results cannot be generalized for other cities worldwide. The proposed study model suggests the need to review the current condition of event community members, especially regarding the attachment and closeness they feel to maintain the event’s sustainability. Achieving sustainable tourism in different types of event tourism (cultural, exhibition and culinary) requires specific development models concerning existing community and environmental conditions. This study emphasizes the sustainability of tourism, as explained in the event tourism literature that the role and involvement of the community greatly contribute to the success of an event’s sustainability. Therefore, the community must also feel the social impact as an essential aspect of increasing the sustainability of participation aimed at improving quality, image and value.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-09-2021-0197
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Perceived value, satisfaction and loyalty in a World Heritage Site
           Alhambra and Generalife (Granada, Spain)

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      Authors: José Valverde-Roda , Salvador Moral-Cuadra , Minerva Aguilar-Rivero , Miguel Ángel Solano-Sánchez
      Abstract: This paper aims to replicate a model already proven in previous research in this field. This will make it possible to explain the possible relationships that may occur among the motivations, perceived value, satisfaction and loyalty of the tourist towards the Alhambra and Generalife inscribed as World Heritage Site (WHS) in 1984. From a dataset containing 1,612 surveys, a model a model based on structural equations has been carried out through SmartPLS software, focus the analysis on the model dependent variables’ predictive power, as well as the size of the effect and the statistical inference of the structural relationships. The main conclusions include the influence of perceived value on satisfaction as well as the influence of the latter on loyalty. it is remarkable the effect that the perceived value has on satisfaction, and satisfaction on loyalty. This implies that a positive assessment of world heritage destinations leads a subsequent loyalty to them. The results obtained in this research can be used as a starting point for the establishment of new strategies for the promotion of the destination in terms of tourism and heritage. The inclusion in the list of WHS is recognition in terms of material and historical quality, as well as a stimulus for tourism because it increases the number of visits to the destination. Several studies carried out in these types of destinations have shown the existence of a relationship between motivations, perceived value, satisfaction and loyalty. However, there are no previous studies carried out in the Alhambra and the Generalife that sustain this relationship. This work makes a contribution that completes the academic literature on the study of the emotional bonds between the historical and monumental heritage and the tourist who visits it and its behaviour.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-03-15
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-08-2021-0174
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Lines in the sand: the perceived risks of traveling to a destination and
           its influence on tourist information seeking behavior

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      Authors: Omid Oshriyeh , Mohammad Ghaffari , Mohammad Nematpour
      Abstract: This study is aims to identify and categorize the perceived risks of Chinese tourists (from mainland China) traveling to Tehran. In addition, this study investigates the relationship between these risks tourists’ information seeking behavior. This study investigates the relationship between these risks tourists’ information seeking behavior. The research also tries to model the relationship between the explored perceived risks and tourists’ information-seeking behavior. To collect data, a researcher-developed questionnaire containing 24 questions was designed based on a literature review. Before collecting the data, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were reviewed and confirmed. To do study procedure, one essential question and two hypotheses, including exploratory factor analysis, stepwise regression and independent samples T-test, are used. The results showed that Chinese tourists perceived health, physical, political, cultural, social and economic risks before their trip (with political risk being the most prominent). Also, the results indicate that the tourists have used different ways to collect information about Iran in general and Tehran in particular. Those travelers who perceived a higher risk were more likely to use the information sources that provide them with detailed and accurate information before traveling to Tehran. This study provides valuable insights for destination managers and tourism marketers to attract Chinese tourists by considering their perceived risks and information-seeking behavior. It should be noted that this study is not without its own limitations. These limitations include (but are not limited to) the timeframe in which the data was collected (prior to the outbreak of COVID-19) and the destination (Tehran, Iran). Therefore, it is advised that future researchers study the perceived risks and information sources in other parts of the world. The concept of perceived risk was used in Chinese tourists’ behavioral seeking to predict their future behavior following their perceptions. Thus, the findings of this study will be necessary to local governments and other destination organizations when building successful strategies.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-02-22
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-07-2021-0138
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Factors influencing urban tourists’ receptivity to ecogamified
           applications: a study on transports and mobility

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      Authors: Viviane Silva Souza , Susana Regina Bacelar de Vasconcelos Marques
      Abstract: The literature on the factors that enhance ecogamification and the intention to use smart tourism applications is vast and increasing. However, most studies tend to focus on the “user”, rather than the “tourist”, and that gap is the trigger for the present research. The purpose of this paper is to examine how home and travel environmental behaviour, travel motivations, types of entertainment (digital and non-digital) and technology proficiency (professional vs non-professional) influence the receptivity of urban tourists to different game elements in a transport and mobility context. The study carried out a qualitative experiment with focus groups, with a total of 16 urban tourists. The software webQDA was used to systematize and categorize data and to analyze the content. The results suggest differences and similarities in terms of receptivity of urban tourists to ecogamification, which might have implications for future studies on urban tourists’ typologies and segments and also for providers of ecogamified services, game designers and marketers. Rather than addressing the game elements per se (which, in this research, are seen as means to an end), the novelty resides in the combination of characteristics that intersect urban tourism (travel motivations), gamification (entertainment preferences and technology proficiency) and sustainability (home–travel environmental behaviour). This intersection provides a lens to interpret tourists’ receptivity and interaction with different game elements (cooperation, reward, points, avatar and ranking).
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-08-2021-0165
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Community participation in heritage tourism management of Sukhothai
           historical park

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      Authors: Ranee Esichaikul , Rochaporn Chansawang
      Abstract: This study aims to examine community participation in cultural heritage management with regard to sustainable heritage tourism management in Sukhothai Historical Park (SHP) in Sukhothai Province. The qualitative and quantitative research approaches were applied; in-depth interviews were conducted with 27 key informants, and 104 questionnaires were distributed among stakeholders and local communities. The results revealed that sustainable park management has made a positive impact upon local economy, social and cultural conservation of the world heritage site. The Park Authority has developed and conserved archaeological sites with local community assistance, particularly for physical management, but it has not yet used archaeological heritage in the park for more benefits of tourism development. The results reveal that sustainable park management has made a positive impact on the local economy and social and cultural conservation of the World Heritage city. The Park Authority has developed and conserved archaeological sites with local community assistance, particularly for physical management, but it has not yet used archaeological heritage in the park for greater urban tourism development. Sustainable cultural heritage management in SHP is government-led, so community participation is based upon two-way communication in the form of “tokenism.” Sukhothai is encouraged to find suitable mechanisms to facilitate multisectoral communication and development to jointly face the challenge of more visitors and urbanization. Guidelines for enhancing community involvement in cultural heritage management of the park were proposed.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0035
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Antecedents and consequences of community-based tourism in border district
           of Jammu and Kashmir

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      Authors: Zaffar Iqbal , Sharief Ahmed
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors influencing community participation in destination building and its consequences for the local inhabitants in the form of social, tourism and economic development. Data for this study was collected from 214 questionnaires from residents of different tourist destinations in the Poonch district of J&K. This study used explorative factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling techniques for determining the structural estimates between constructs. The results revealed that the personal and economic factors have the most significant impact followed by the social factor and least by the environmental factor upon the local community participation. Moreover, the respondents agreed that destination development has contributed a lot in terms of economic and followed by other two factors. The study makes a significant theoretical contribution to the community-based tourism literature by portraying the influence of various factors on community participation and its repercussions and, moreover, the study has used the social exchange theory with a different area. Furthermore, the study has made a number of practical implications for the local authority for sustainable tourism as well as community development.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-05-2020-0108
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • How the sanitation dimensions impacts consumer perceptions and emotions in
           five-star hotels due to COVID-19 pandemic'

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      Authors: Vikas Gupta , Hiran Roy , Meghna Chhabra , Sandra M. Sanchez‐Canizares , Garima Sahu
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the consumer perceptions related to sanitation in the five-star hotels due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It also identified the most significant sanitation dimensions and their influence on the pertinent emotions experienced by the hotel consumers. It identified seven sanitation dimensions (i.e. exterior of the hotel, guestrooms, washrooms/restrooms, in-house restaurant dining, hotel employees, public areas and handling of food) which were assessed through 10 positive and negative consumer sanitation emotions. A structured online survey was conducted to collect data from the 763 five-star hotel consumers. Exploratory factor analysis was applied on the 35 parameters of the seven identified sanitation dimensions, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the most significant dimensions among the hotel consumers. Results revealed that among the seven sanitation dimensions, “exterior of the hotel” and “public area” dimensions were found to be statistically less significant compared to the other sanitation dimensions. Findings related to consumer emotions showed that a significantly high percentage of consumers revealed strong negative emotions, i.e. disgust and discontent toward the poor standards of sanitation in the hotels. The study results may be helpful for the hotel administrators and managers to adequately plan the training sessions for their employees based on the consumer perception and emotions toward the identified sanitation dimensions. Further, it may also help in the implementation of the COVID-19 awareness program based on the consumer inputs and perceptions. Although a few studies have been performed to explore the sanitation dimensions in the hospitality sector before, but this will be a first attempt to identify and measure the sanitation dimensions and corresponding consumer emotions due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-09-2021-0194
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Leisure of the elderly Brazilian: the southeast in focus

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      Authors: Bruno Ocelli Ungheri , Carla Augusta Nogueira Lima e Santos , Maria Aparecida Dias Venâncio , Edmur Antônio Stoppa , Hélder Ferreira Isayama
      Abstract: This paper is an excerpt from a countrywide study entitled “Leisure in Brazil: representations and realizations of daily experiences”, which aims to investigate what Brazilians do in their leisure time, what they would like to do and why they do not do it. Specifically, in this paper, the authors analyze data referring to the elderly population from southeastern Brazil. Sampling of the national survey comprised representative quotas of the population, considering region and state, and, in each state, quotas of sex, age, education level and family income, according to data obtained by IBGE in 2010. A total of 2,400 interviews were conducted in total. For the present study, the 91 interviews conducted with elderly subjects from the Southeast region of Brazil were considered. The majority of participants understand leisure as a time for resting and fun and have physical/sports interests as their favorite leisure activity during the week. On weekends, social and tourism interests stand out, and idleness stands out in the preference of this public during the holiday period. Lack of time and financial resources are the main barriers to the access to and permanence in the desired leisure practices. Having knowledge of the relationship between leisure and aging in Brazil is a way to contribute to the potential of this stage of life, based on the quality of life and continued learning provided by the content they enjoy.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-06-2021-0110
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Impact of corona virus outbreak on travellers’ behaviour: scale
           development and validation

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      Authors: Zaid Ahmad Ansari , Makhmoor Bashir , Sudeepta Pradhan
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to develop an instrument to measure the influence of coronavirus (COVID-19) on international travellers’ behaviour. Data were collected from 500 respondents in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to develop and validate a multi-item scale to measure international travel behaviour post-COVID-19. The initial pool of items was validated by using exploratory factor analysis. The first-order reflective and the assessment of hierarchical factor structure were done through structural equation modelling by using SmartPLS 3. Findings revealed a hierarchical three-level scale for measuring international traveller’s behaviour. The first level consists of six sub-dimensions of 19 items. These six sub-dimensions can be used as a formative measure of three dimensions of general impact, attitude and preference and cleanliness and safety. These three dimensions form the third level for the meta construct of traveller’s behaviour. The proposed scale will provide policymakers and managers with an improved understanding of the change in travellers’ behaviour due to the COVID-19 crisis or any future pandemic. The scale can be used by the tourism and hospitality industry to access the impact of COVID-19 or any other future pandemic on traveller’s behaviour. Since the outbreak of the novel COVID-19, almost all international travel has come to halt. A diverse measuring instrument to measure traveller’s behaviour is not available in extant literature. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first of its kind which has developed and validated a scale for measuring traveller’s behaviour during and post COVID-19.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-06-2021-0123
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Social media research trends in tourism city context

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      Authors: Trinh Ngo.T.T. , Phuong Bui.L.A. , Dung Pham.T.H. , Tram Mai.N. , Luan Bui.K.
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has a massive impact on people’s lives, the wealth of nations, tourism cities, economic and social media. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to challenges and innovations to deal with multiple direct and indirect impacts. This research aims to explore the development of social media research in the tourism city context to highlight emerging research themes, methodological approaches. This study searched and filtered on the Scopus Web and Web of Science to collect databases and applied hybrid methods. The VOSviewer algorithm was used in the paper to generate maps from bibliographic and text data. Furthermore, a polynomial trend line was used to depict the data fluctuations of papers in the relationship between documents and years. Besides, other mathematical and statistical tools to measure the inter-relationships and impacts of social media publications within the tourism city research area, identify valuable insights and determine a framework for social media research trends. The study outcomes expressed the development in social media research trends from 2005 to 2021 in the tourism city context of topics (social media, social networking (online)), methodology (sentiment analysis), publication outputs with most extensive collaborations and some other contents to form a framework of social media research trends in tourism cities. Research data is mainly from reviews of articles that may not account for all trends in reality. This research is original that will apply to future social media researchers and institutions. Policy makers could base on the research trends to examine their future tourism development orientation. This research assists social media scholars in understanding trends and themes in tourism city contexts that they could apply in their business area. Moreover, there is a desire to comprehend an overview of the related literature of social media science in tourism city contexts. The outcomes showed the limitations of lacking journals and volume of social media research. The results contribute to meaningful insights by having a more holistic understanding of social media through aggregated data sources.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-07-2021-0151
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Factors affecting future travel intentions: awareness, image, past
           visitation and risk perception

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      Authors: Maria Amélia Machado Carvalho
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the influence of destination awareness, cognitive and affective image, risk perception and past visitation on the intention to visit a tourist destination (a medium-sized city) in the next 12 months. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was adopted to examine the data collected from 714 domestic holidaymakers. Results demonstrate that awareness, cognitive and affective image, past visitation, perceived risk of traveling and perceived risk in international versus domestic travel are key factors; safety concerns enhance the cognitive image and perceived safety of the destination, but increase the perceived risk of traveling; and perceived social risk increases the perceived risk of traveling. Data collection from only one country limits the generalizability of the conclusions. Conclusions allow gaining new insights regarding communication strategies in general, during and post-pandemic times. Using a consolidated and empirical approach, this study provides a better understanding of the role of perceived risk and its effects on cognitive and affective image and travel intention. For instance, to the best of the author’s knowledge, it is the first study to consider the effects of social risk in the pandemic context. It also offers insights into the mediating effect of destination image and the moderating effects of perceived risk and past visitation.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-11-2021-0219
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Wayfinding strategies guide mobile commerce in sharing economy development

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      Authors: Edward C.S. Ku , Jiunn-Woei Lian , Ling-Ling Liu
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to integrate wayfinding strategies and open innovation to examine the factors of mobile application (M-App) design. The study formulated an M-App model from the wayfinding sense-making and open innovation perspective. Samples were collected from the M-Apps users of Airbnb.com in a survey based on the principle of snowball sampling, and 416 samples were returned in total. The hypothesis testing of the model was conducted using structural equation modeling with Linear Structural Relations. The operators of the lodging industry should design the recommended route on the M-Apps for tourists to reach the accommodation on the map function conveniently. The orientation of wayfinding sense-making integrates the accommodation host to mark the direction of the accommodation on the map function of M-Apps to indicate the direction of the location. The operators of the lodging industry should design the recommended route on the M-Apps for tourists to conveniently reach the accommodation on the map function. For the M-Apps designer of the lodging industry, devising the function with an arrow point on the map would enable tourists to check their current location handily. Moreover, the M-Apps of lodging businesses can reduce marketing expenses from the high recommendations of tourists.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-07-2021-0135
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Identifying stakeholders’ perspectives on the success factors of halal
           tourism in the city of Makassar: a group model building approach

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      Authors: Nurul Huda , Ariel Nian Gani , Nova Rini , Tiko Dhafin Rizky , Lazuardi Ichsan
      Abstract: Islamic attributes and activities need to be developed in compliance with the halal concept to attract potential Muslim tourists and ensure the success of halal tourism. Although the literature shows that many factors can influence the success of halal tourism, a complete picture of the success factors of halal tourism in a city is still very limited. As such, this explorative study aims to examine stakeholders’ perspectives regarding the antecedents of halal tourism success and the benefits of halal tourism for the city. Qualitative system dynamics modeling was used for this study, and Makassar (a successful halal tourism city) was considered as the basis for the study. A causal loop diagram (CLD) of halal tourism was developed using the group model building technique to elicit stakeholders’ knowledge and assumptions. Network analysis and feedback loop analysis were used to identify the driving factors of successful halal tourism. Two factors need to be taken into account by halal tourism stakeholders in the city: support from the central and local government and improving and maintaining potential tourists’ perceptions of the city. There are four benefits of halal tourism success for the city: an increase in the number of micro-, small- and medium-sized halal businesses in the city, increased support from the central and local government to further develop halal tourism infrastructure in the city, increased word-of-mouth promotion of Makassar as a tourism destination and a decrease in the price of halal tourism components (e.g. food and accommodation). The resulting CLD shows the interlinkage between political, societal and economical factors that could influence the success of halal tourism development. In particular, the findings show how governments and tourism stakeholders need to promote halal tourism socialization in the community and improve the public perception of this type of tourism. Therefore, the findings can help destination stakeholders and tourism developers in other cities develop halal tourism potential.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-12
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-06-2021-0101
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • From success to unrest: the social impacts of tourism in Barcelona

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      Authors: Berezi Elorrieta , Aurélie Cerdan Schwitzguébel , Anna Torres-Delgado
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the main factors and the related impacts that have caused a negative shift in the social perception of tourism among residents of Barcelona. Namely, it contextualises the recent evolution of the impacts and the social perception of tourism among the city’s residents; analyses the relationship between the social perception of tourism and different tourist, real estate, demographic and economic factors; and lastly, it identifies the social impacts that majorly influence the negative perception among residents in every neighbourhood. This study applies quantitative and qualitative techniques to a selection of five neighbourhoods of Barcelona. First, the character of the neighbourhoods was analysed, and external statistical information was later provided to understand the state and evolution of the factors that shape perceptions of tourism. Secondly, representatives of the community movements were interviewed in-depth. This consecutive qualitative approach enabled the comprehension of how these factors shape the residents’ perception. The results showed that residents generally shared similar perceptions despite variations among neighbourhoods. Perceived negative effects included not only the most direct consequences of tourism such as anti-social behaviour and congestion of public spaces but also indirect ones such as population displacement and the weakening of social structures. This study’s innovation lies in linking objective statistical data that describe the reality of a tourist neighbourhood (housing prices, number of available beds, family income, etc.), to the subjective perceptions of its residents. Thus, it is possible to identify the perceived impacts of tourism (which have an impact on the local population’s satisfaction), and relate these to the true evolution of tourism variables in the neighbourhood. This contrasted reading between perception and reality is important for future initiatives for the regulation of tourism in the city.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-05-2021-0076
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Political factors influencing residents’ support for tourism
           development in Kashmir

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      Authors: Aasif Ali Bhat , Kakali Majumdar , Ram Kumar Mishra
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the relationship between the perceptions of local residents concerning political factors and support for tourism development in the Kashmir region. Primary data have been collected (n = 650) from the residents of the top five tourist destinations (Pahalgam, Gulmarg, Srinagar, Sonamarg and Kokernag) through a pre-tested questionnaire by multistage sampling method. In presence of non-normal data, the partial least squares structural equation model is applied for analysis. The study is based on the theoretical framework of social exchange theory (SET) and institutional theory of political trust (ITPT). Results suggest that trust in government, the perceived economic performance of government and level of power are negative determinants of support for tourism development, which nullifies SET for politically disturbed regions. The results of this study are useful for the local government and tourism institutions in policy formation and fill the vast gap in tourism literature with a theoretical base. This study is also an addition to the existing literature on city tourism for the politically disturbed region.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0052
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Social media customer behavioral engagement and loyalty among hotel
           patrons: does customer involvement matter'

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      Authors: Ernest Emeka Izogo , Mercy Mpinganjira
      Abstract: Despite wide acknowledgment in research of the benefits of customer engagement to firms, the customer engagement process and how it leads to positive marketing outcomes remains underexplored. Extending existing research, this paper aims to develop and test a conceptual model that outlines the effect of passive and active customer behavioral engagement on customer loyalty and the role of customer involvement in the process, as both an antecedent and a moderator. Data collected from 362 millennials in Johannesburg, South Africa through a scenario-based experiment was submitted to a partial least square structural equation modeling and moderated-mediation analyses after examining the manipulation effectiveness of the experimental scenarios. The unit of analyses is hotel patrons. The findings include customer involvement is a significant predictor of passive and active customer behavioral engagement both of which consequently influence customer loyalty; customer involvement moderates the effect of passive engagement on active engagement; and not only is passive engagement indirectly related to customer loyalty through active engagement, the indirect relationship is the strongest at the highest level of customer involvement. The current study provides notable insights into the relationship between customer involvement, customer behavioral engagement and customer loyalty. However, there is need for further studies to validate our model across different brand categories and different social media platforms as well as in offline settings with a more diverse sample because the scope of this study is limited to millennials that use Facebook brand communities. This study contributes to the customer engagement literature by rationalizing and demonstrating the importance of customer involvement as a precursor of the behavioral engagement process (comprising the passive and the active components) and loyalty among hotel patrons.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-11-01
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-04-2021-0070
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Business model adaptation as a strategic response to crises: navigating
           the COVID-19 pandemic

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      Authors: Teerawut Chanyasak , Mehmet Ali Koseoglu , Brian King , Omer Faruk Aladag
      Abstract: This study aims to explore how hotels adapt their business models as a strategic response to crisis situations. It sheds light on the processes and methods of business model adaptation during severe crisis situations, such as the COVID-19 outbreak. A single-case study was conducted. Data were collected from the owner/manager of a boutique hotel chain in Chiang Mai, Thailand through an extensive interviewing process. The authors also examined corporate documents. The authors then re-organized the material as a coherent narrative about how the company navigated the COVID-19 crisis. The findings show that the hotels in the study adapted their business models by cutting costs through stopping non-essential operations, increasing non-room revenues and adding new revenue channels, bringing in cash from advance bookings, securing financial support from creditors, leveraging government support and training staff for the “new normal.” Few previous studies have focused on business model adaptation during the COVID-19 crisis. The investigation of this largely neglected area provides two main contributions. First, it extends the literature on crisis management in hospitality firms by examining business model adaptation patterns and processes during unprecedented crisis conditions. Second, it provides managerial insights and a business model adjustment framework to help practitioners in urban settings in their efforts toward recovery from the COVID crisis.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-28
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-02-2021-0026
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Antecedents of hedonism affecting memorable tourism experience (MTE)
           leading to revisit intention in tourists

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      Authors: Abhijeet Vikramaditya Tiwari , Naval Bajpai , Deependra Singh , Vishal Vyas
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the hedonism attributes, memorable tourism experience (MTE), revisit intention and their relationships. This study explores the antecedents of hedonism as physical environment, shopping at the destination, service quality, personalisation and exclusivity that influence MTE. The relationship of hedonism factors with revisit intention is also investigated in light of the mediation of MTE between them. For this study, a sample of 600 tourists is collected by using the convenience sampling technique. The collected data is analysed by using the confirmatory factor analysis-structural equation modelling approach. The empirically validated model recommends the significant relationships between the hedonism elements and revisits intention with the mediating effect of MTE. The findings suggest that tourists who positively perceive hedonism attributes are more likely to have positive MTEs, and they revisit the destination. This research study examines the relationship of hedonism determinants with MTE of the tourists leading to their revisit intention for a tourism destination. It helps to understand MTE as the main component to affect tourists’ revisit intention for a destination and make sustainable tourism.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-15
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0043
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Web analytics: more than website performance evaluation'

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      Authors: Irem Önder , Adiyukh Berbekova
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to understand the status quo of the use of Web analytics tools by European destination management organizations (DMOs) and to provide guidelines in using these metrics for business intelligence and tourism design. In addition, the goal is to improve destination management at the city level using Web analytics data. In this exploratory study, the authors analyze how European DMOs view Web analytics data through the lens of the “data to knowledge to results” framework. The authors analyze the use of Web analytics tools by DMOs through the theory of affordances and “data-to-knowledge framework” developed by Davenport et al., which incorporates several factors that contribute to a successful transformation of data available to an organization to knowledge, desirable results and ultimately to building an analytical capability. The results show that European DMOs mainly use Web analytics data for website quality assurance, but that some are also using them to drive marketing programs. The study concludes by providing several suggestions for ways in which DMOs might optimize the use of Web analytics data, which will also improve the management of destinations. Web analytics tools are used by many organizations such as DMOs to collect traffic data, to evaluate and optimize websites. However, these metrics can also be combined with other data such as bednights numbers and used for forecasting or other managerial decisions for destination management at the city level. There is a research gap in this area that focuses on using Web analytics data for business intelligence in the tourism industry and this research aims to fill this gap.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-13
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0039
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • A fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of climate change on the Xiamen tourism
           industry

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      Authors: Brandon J. Bethel , Decai Tang , Linjia Wang , Yana Buravleva
      Abstract: Climate change is most apparent through the increased severity and frequency of extreme events. Tourism as an activity is particularly sensitive. This paper aims to investigate the impact that climate change has on Xiamen tourism through a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of questionnaire responses. A fuzzy classification system of tourism factors most sensitive to climate change was built on the basis of an analytical hierarchical process. A “relatively strong” association grade of the impacts of climate change on tourism was observed. Through fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, the method used has allowed for clear classification of the aspects of tourism, through its development, which are more vulnerable to climate change. The results acquired here can serve as reference material for stakeholders on implementing risk assessments, deepening the understanding of how climate change affects tourism and coordinate the interests of different parties through the achievement of focused development and realize the optimum, long-term and sustainable exploitation of tourism resources. The sensitivity of a variety of tourist sectors within Xiamen was assessed and represents the newest pre-COVID-19 opinions concerning the effect of climate change on tourism. Additionally, the data used in this study was also collected before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and will serve as an important marker to track how expert opinions of the effects of climate change on tourism change over time.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-11-05
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0044
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Difference in authenticity perception of old towns among China’s
           various cultural regions

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      Authors: Ying Wu , Fang Wang , Wen Mao , Shuangyu Xu , Shuangyu Xu , Jintong Tang
      Abstract: Regarding research on authenticity perception, this paper aims to pose the following questions: In different cultural regions, what are the different authenticity elements of old towns from a tourist perspective' What is the difference in authenticity perception in different cultural regions' How does the authenticity perception of old towns change in the tourismification process' Combining eight cultural regions in China, this study focuses on 155 old towns to discuss the differences between authenticity perception of various old towns in different cultural regions and how the interactions between tourists and local places influence the perception of authenticity, with 11,387 user-generated photographs applied to interpret authenticity perception. The study shows that the authenticity perceived by tourists varies greatly between farming and pastoral cultural regions; after authenticity loss, old towns with a long history of tourismification regain authenticity in tourists’ perception. The findings could serve as a reference for tourism development and authenticity protection of old towns. Furthermore, the study explores a creative research method and theoretical framework for regional authenticity studies, which is significant in a global context. In the process of globalization, the implications of this study, including differences in authenticity perception within various cultural regions, will also be significant globally.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-18
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-05-2019-0061
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The economic impacts of COVID-19 on the city tourism-related services; the
           case of Tehran

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      Authors: Mohammad Parvin , Jamileh Tavakolinia , Hassan Mohammadian Mosammam , Mohammadtaghi Razavian
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has had an extremely destructive impact on the tourism and hospitality industry. However, there is a gap in the literature on measuring the economic impact of the pandemic on employees of urban tourism industries by class. Accordingly, this paper aims to investigate the perceived economic impact of the COVID-19 by workers of urban tourism-related services in Tehran. Based on stratified sampling, a Web-based survey was carried out among 383 employees of tourism industries. To measuring the perceived impact and evaluate statistically significant differences, one samples t-test, one-way ANOVA and post hoc test were used. The study findings revealed that employees of tourism-related services perceived that COVID-19 outbreak has a huge negative impact on the tourism industries in terms of earnings reduction. However, the perceived impact on job losses and reduction of hours of work was non-monotonic. Identifying the negative effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on city tourism by industries and their subclasses can contribute to more effective interventions to support and recover the tourism industries. In other words, it is essential to prioritize support for different class of services, to fair allocation of bailout monies and to improve their resilience against crises and shocks.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-06-2021-0128
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Does the perception of halal tourism destination matter for non-Muslim
           tourists’ WOM' The moderating role of religious faith

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      Authors: Muhammad Khalilur Rahman , Md Sohel Rana , Mohd Nazari Ismail , Mohd Zulkifli Muhammad , Muhammad Nazmul Hoque , Md. Abdul Jalil
      Abstract: Tourists often travel to different tourism destinations in advancing the knowledge of diverse cultures, environments, history and social aspects. The purpose of this study is to explore tourists’ perception of halal tourism and its impact on word-of-mouth towards halal tourism destinations. A quantitative research approach was applied in this study. Data were collected via 375 survey questionnaires and were analysed using partial least square method. Data were collected from Malaysia’s capital city and tourist spots in Kuala Lumpur, the administrative capital city in Putrajaya, and several cities in Selangor, the richest state in the country. The findings revealed that trip quality has a higher significant impact on satisfaction and trip value. The perception of a halal tourism destination is found to have a significant influence on satisfaction and trip value. Trip value is significantly related to satisfaction but not associated with word-of-mouth (WOM). Satisfaction of tourists has a significant impact on WOM towards travel destinations. This study comes up with a novel understanding of the theory of tourism practices by estimating non-Muslim tourists’ perception and its significant influence of WOM towards tourism destinations. The results of this study are significant to industry practitioners, policymakers and marketers in promoting halal tourism. The results of this study provide useful insights for Malaysia’s tourism industry, particularly for the tourism marketing in Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya cities as tourist destinations. This study comes up with a novel understanding of the theory of tourism practices by estimating non-Muslim tourists’ perception and the influence of WOM towards tourism destinations. The results of this study are significant to industry practitioners, policymakers and marketers in promoting halal tourism. This study examined the potential impact of non-Muslim tourists’ perception of halal tourism destinations and their WOM for halal tourism destinations.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-12-2019-0207
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Studying tourist intention on city tourism: the role of travel motivation

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      Authors: Nguyen Thi Khanh Chi , Vu Huyen Phuong
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impacts of travel motivations, time perspective and city image that affect travelers’ intention to visit city tourism. The data in this study was collected through a structured questionnaire survey conducted in three big cities in the North of Vietnam (Hanoi, Hai Phong and Ha Long). The data set consists of 625 valid responses by Vietnamese tourists. Correlation analysis and structural equation modeling were used to test the causal relationships among time perspective, city image, travel motivations and tourist intention. Confirmatory factor analysis is conducted to verify the reliability and validity of each latent construct and to evaluate the discriminant validity, convergent validity, composition reliability and average variance extracted for the latent constructs. This study finds that tourists’ travel motivations, time perspective and city image are significantly and positively associated with their intention to visit city tourism. This study also reports that tourists’ time perspective and city image are significantly and positively related to their travel motivation which is in turn significantly and positively correlated to their intention to engage in city tourism. City tourism providers need to seek for understanding travel motivations of potential customers. City tourism products should be promoted to people who want to travel for knowledge enhancement, seeking, self-fulfillment, socializing and escape. Tourism businesses and marketers focus more on developing the overall image of city. They should have city slogan and have strategy to establish the city branding to evoke or remind the customers to come in. Since the Corona (COVID-19) pandemic impact on every nation around the world, the artificial intelligence has to be taken on city tourism to minimize the negative influence of this pandemic. This study reveals three key determinants of tourists’ intention including travel motivations, city image and time perspective, which have unclear study in the city tourism literature. This study also explains the role of travel motivations in mediating the impacts of their time perspective and city image on their intention to visit city tourism. Improving the city image is important to attract tourists who want to engage in city tourism for knowledge enhancement, seeking, self-fulfillment, socializing or escape. Tourism providers need to have a strategy for establishing the city branding to evoke or remind the customers to come in. The time perspective should be paid more attention to tourists who want to travel to city tourism for knowledge enhancement, seeking, self-fulfillment, socializing or escape.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0042
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Feeling a historic city: Porto landscape through the eyes of residents and
           visitors

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      Authors: Isabel Vaz de Freitas , Cristina Sousa , Makhabbat Ramazanova , Helena Albuquerque
      Abstract: This paper aims to monitor the urban landscape through the perceptions of residents and visitors, identifying features that cause visual impacts and providing insights for landscape management decision-makers. Captured impressions about the city whilst moving around are important to assess the satisfaction of city residents and city visitors through key elements, such as directional signage, outdoor advertising, restaurants’ outdoor terrace furniture, urban furniture, green spaces, traffic, cleaning, pedestrian areas, visitor flow and conservation of monuments, museums and buildings. A survey was applied in the historical Porto city centre (Portugal) to understand residents’ and visitors’ perceptions of the city landscape and assess the differences between these two groups. Cronbach’s alpha was used to assess the reliability of the constructs (dimensions) of urban landscape. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney test was used to find significant differences in the perceptions of residents and visitors. The results suggest significant differences in the perceptions. Residents value more two constructs of the landscape (heritage conservation and transport mobility) whilst visitors value more other two (pedestrian mobility and aesthetic quality). It is showed that residents have a strong sense of place and are concerned with the conservation of historical heritage. Visitors are more concerned with dimensions intrinsically related to tourism. This research allowed to fill a gap found in the literature, namely, the importance of considering the perceptions of different actors in the urban landscape monitoring. These results are an important contribution for local authorities to understand the value of urban landscape elements from the perspective of residents and visitors. This study opened the possibility of comparing the results from different historical cities centres.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-05-2021-0086
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Achieving legitimacy of a film-tourism strategy through joint
           private–public policymaking

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      Authors: Olívia Trevisani Bertolini , Jefferson Marlon Monticelli , Ivan Lapuente Garrido , Jorge Renato Verschoore , Miriam Henz
      Abstract: This paper aims to analyze how strategizing practices can legitimate construction of public sector policy. The Porto Alegre Film Commission was set up as part of a strategy to increase the city’s competitiveness as a tourism destination. The municipal government engaged with private and public stakeholders and embarked on a collective process of policy construction. The authors based their research on two theoretical lenses from business administration theory: strategy as practice (SaP) and neo-institutional theory (NIT), whereby SaP attempts to explain formation and implementation of strategy on the basis of a process that seeks a collective result, whereas NIT reveals the limits of this formation and implementation, attributing the process to influences of power and legitimacy. Thus, the authors get a more accurate view of the actors and the system of governance, considering the in-built reflexivity of these relationships and their capacity to change institutional arrangements. The authors conducted an in-depth case study with a qualitative approach, using semi-structured interviews, participatory observation and documentary analysis. The results revealed the role played by the government and how practices used in the strategizing process ensured the legitimacy of public sector policy formulation and engaged private and public stakeholders. The authors recognize limitations such as the investigation being set in a single country and responses based on the interviewees’ perceptions of momentum. It would be interesting to undertake cross-national comparisons using empirical data that allow comparison of film commissions with different relationships between strategizing, power and politics. This case study analyzed the relationship between formal institutional agents and the strategies adopted to create and run the Porto Alegre Film Commission (PAFC), positioning Porto Alegre as a destination for film and video production and, reflexively, making it more attractive to tourists interested in getting to know the locations where publicity campaigns, films and soap operas were filmed. This formal institution agent was converted into a strategic catalyzer to influence the institutional issues in a creative industry in which trade associations and firms had encountered difficulties when they attempted to set up a film commission alone. The evidence compiled showed that the practices, besides being strategic, were enacted in a specific context and directed toward results and survival of the PAFC. The practices shaped the results, because they were constructed together with other actors, achieving legitimacy through collaborative development of practices and targeting survival by establishing governance structures capable of riding out periods of political transition. In short, the collective construction of the PAFC policy, led by the public sector, legitimized it in the eyes of society. This study furthers the discussion about strategizing in an organizational field marked by power relationships and how their consequences can affect society in general. There is a need to take a closer look at the implications of strategizing for power relationships and how the consequences can influence the organizational field.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-11
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-04-2021-0066
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Halal destination attributes and revisits intention: the role of
           destination attractiveness and perceived value

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      Authors: Ali Mursid , Pandji Anoraga
      Abstract: The growing numbers of Muslims visiting halal destinations motivated this study to explore halal destination attributes and revisit intention. This study aims to investigate how halal destination attributes affect destination attractiveness. Hence, it identifies the influence of halal destination attributes on perceived value, including functional and emotional value. It also verifies the effect of destination attractiveness on both functional value and emotional value. Finally, this framework verifies the effect of functional value and emotional value on revisit intention. This study collects data from visitors who have visited a halal destination located in three cities of Central Java Province in the past two years (2019–2020) using purposive sampling methods. A total of 314 respondents participated in this study and the data are analyzed by using structural equation modeling. The result showed that halal destination attributes positively and significantly impact destination attractiveness. Moreover, halal destination attributes positively and significantly affect both functional and emotional value. Destination attractiveness positively and significantly affects functional value, as well as emotional value. Concerning the effect of functional value and emotional value on revisit intention, only emotional value positively and significantly affects revisit intention while functional value does not. This study contributes to city tourism by elucidating halal destination attributes based on the means-ends theory. The results of this study reported the importance of halal destination attributes and the role of halal destination attractiveness and emotional value in enhancing Muslim travelers’ revisit intention to halal destination.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-10-07
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-03-2021-0040
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Behavioral intention of traveling in the period of COVID-19: an
           application of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and perceived risk

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      Authors: Sujood , Sheeba Hamid , Naseem Bano
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine travelers’ behavioral intention of traveling in the period of coronavirus by using the theory of planned behavior. The framework incorporates attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and a very crucial construct, i.e. perceived risk, as per the current critical scenario of COVID-19. Data was collected using a survey instrument on the internet by posting the questionnaire link over social network web pages of online traveling websites. The data was analyzed using structural equations modeling with AMOS 22.0 and SPSS software and the proposed hypotheses were statistically tested. The sample under consideration constitutes 417 responses. Empirical findings suggest that attitude, perceived behavioral control and perceived risk are significant for predicting behavioral intention while subjective norms do not. Then, these variables explained about 35% of the variance in the behavioral intention of traveling in the period of coronavirus. This study can benefit travelers, the tourism and hospitality industry, governments, the aviation industry and other relevant organizations as this paper offers the latest updates and essential information regarding traveler’s intention of traveling in the period of coronavirus. The study mainly focuses on India, so the generalizations of results to other countries are unwanted. The primary value of this paper is that it tested the theory of planned behavior by incorporating perceived risk in the context of COVID-19. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, in the Indian context, there is no study, which has tested the TPB by adding perceived risk in explaining the Indian citizens’ behavioral intention of traveling in the period of Coronavirus.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-09-2020-0183
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Predicting place attachment through selfie tourism, memorable tourism
           experience and hedonic well-being

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      Authors: Okki Trinanda , Astri Yuza Sari , Efni Cerya , Tri Rachmat Riski
      Abstract: Selfie tourism is a fast-growing phenomenon. Given the convenience of photo-snapping and photo-sharing on social media, selfie tourism is seen as an emerging trend among travelers. This phenomenon gave consequence toward travelers’ behavior, especially on how it can affect their memorable tourism experience and place attachment. This paper aims to examine the relationship between selfie tourism, memorable tourism experience, hedonic well-being and travelers’ place attachment. A self-administered survey method is used. This research was carried out during the COVID-19 pandemic, consequently, the data were collected via Google Form (online). The respondents are tourists who have visited various tourism destinations in West Sumatera, Indonesia. To test the hypotheses of this study, questionnaires are distributed to 450 respondents. The proposed model was tested using structural equation modeling. The results of this study shows that selfie tourism has a positive and significant relationship toward both memorable tourism experience and hedonic well-being. In addition, memorable tourism experience and hedonic well-being also have a significant relationship with place attachment. The limitation of this study lies in the limited reference to the relationship between selfie tourism and memorable tourism experience and hedonic well-being, because this is the first study to examine the relationship of these variables. This study also has not tested the direct relationship between selfie tourism and place attachment and has not considered eudaemonic well-being as an antecedent of place attachment. Further research will discuss the direct effect of selfie tourism and eudaemonic experience on place attachment, as well as the moderating effect of memorable tourism and hedonic well-being. This study shows the benefits obtained by tourism managers in preparing selfie facilities, as well as the ability to create meaningful experiences. It provides tourism practitioners with an understanding that tourist place attachment can be improved by both memorable tourism experience and hedonic well-being. Furthermore, both memorable tourism experience and hedonic well-being can be affected by selfie tourism. This understanding can enhance the tourism providers’ strategy to improve services that fit the characteristics of today’s tourists. Therefore, selfie tourism, memorable tourism experience and hedonic well-being can support tourism sustainability, especially in creating place attachments. To the authors’ knowledge, this is one of the first studies that investigated the relationship between selfie tourism, memorable tourism experience and place attachment. From a market-specific context, this is also the first study that investigated the antecedents of place attachment on West Sumatera’s tourism.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-09-2020-0188
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Systematic review of crisis reactions toward major disease outbreaks:
           application of the triple helix model in the context of tourism

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      Authors: Li-Hsin Chen , Kyrie Eleison Munoz , Nandar Aye
      Abstract: While academia, industry and government have made various efforts to ameliorate the impacts of Covid-19, no study has hitherto used an integrative framework to assess the reactions of all three of these sectors to previous multinational epidemics. Such fragmentation ignores the holistic nature of crisis management. To better understand the impacts of health crises on tourism, this study aims to examine the past literature related to academic, industrial and governmental responses to multinational epidemics through the lens of the triple helix model. Based on preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyzes and the best-fit approach, this paper conducts a systematic review of the literature published between 2000 and 2020 on five multinational epidemics that had significant impacts on the tourism industry: food and mouth disease, severe acute respiratory syndrome, bird flu (novel influenza A and avian flu), Ebola and middle east respiratory syndrome. Thematic analysis was used to identify major themes in the 63 relevant articles identified. No substantial increase was found in the quantity of multinational epidemic-related studies after 2010. Collectively, the 10 identified themes strongly emphasized economic recovery. No existing tourism-related study examines reactions toward multiple health crises by integrating three important sectors: academia, industry and government. This study fills that research gap with a systematic review of past multinational epidemics and proposes an integrative framework. It also provides recommendations for future research and health-crisis management practices.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-09-03
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-08-2020-0168
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • How Málaga’s airport contributes to promote the establishment of
           companies in its hinterland and improves the local economy

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      Authors: Lázaro Florido-Benítez
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the relationship between Málaga’s airport, air transport, companies and the local economy. It is a bibliographic study, and it uses secondary data from Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea, Instituto de Estadística y Cartografía de Andalucía, España Exportación e Inversiones, Instituto Nacional de Estadística and International Air Transport Association to support research results. The investigation has reviewed and collected data on the specific paradigm of research which discusses, investigates and evaluates the impact of the Málaga Costa del Sol airport and its regional context. The results of this study suggest that Málaga Costa del Sol airport promotes an increase of the establishment of companies in the city and how this plays an important role in the tourist, air cargo and logistics development and Málaga local economy. This is a great opportunity for companies and Destination Marketing Organizations (DMOs) help add value to local products, bet on tourist quality and design customized products with high added value, as long as the pandemic lasts, and everyone is vaccinated. The contribution of this study is double. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this study shows for the first time to Málaga Costa del Sol airport such as a multifunctional airfield (tourist-cargo-logistics-accessible) and not only as tourist airport. Second, this study shows the influence of Málaga airport in the establishment of large national and international companies in the city of Málaga and urban development. Furthermore, this paper contributes to the literature by presenting new evidence on the spatial spillover effects of airports on economic development in cities.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-08-29
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-04-2021-0059
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • How the peer-to-peer market for tourist accommodation has responded to
           COVID-19

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      Authors: Beatriz Benítez-Aurioles
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the peer-to-peer (p2p) market for tourist accommodation. Using monthly panel data from Airbnb listings in 22 cities worldwide, the authors run a differences-in-differences analysis comparing the period of February–October 2020 to the previous year. Besides a decline in accommodation supply, the pandemic made prices and demand fall in all cities significantly, after controlling for room characteristics, host traits, booking policies and individual fixed effects. There is also evidence of an alteration of the influence on prices of certain variables such as superhost and instant booking. The main limitations are related to the reference spatial and temporal environment. Besides, the samples are limited to listings that stayed before and after the pandemic; therefore, it is possible that the real effect on review growth and/or prices is actually more negative. The analysis performed shows a scenario that represents an opportunity for public managers to test more imaginative regulations that overcome the limitations of those implemented so far. Likewise, hosts who aspire to make their accommodations profitable must adapt to the conditions imposed by the economic environment of the cities in which they operate. This is the first study to econometrically estimate the impact of COVID-19 on prices in the p2p market for tourist accommodation in a set of cities worldwide.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-08-24
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-07-2021-0140
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Unveiling the truth about tourism labour precarity in Argentinian cities

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      Authors: Natalia Porto , Carolina Inés Garcia
      Abstract: This paper aims to study the role of tourism specialisation on tourism labour precarity in Argentinian cities, considering urban primacy. The authors propose an econometric model that iterates between alternative labour precarity measures explained by the economic sector (tourism, rest of services and rest of economy) and tourism specialisation at the city level. They build three geographical groups based on Argentinian urban agglomerates: the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, tourism specialised cities and non-tourism specialised cities. The authors further distinguish between big and small cities according to their urban primacy. The main sources of data are the Permanent Household Survey and the Hotel Occupancy Survey from the Argentinian National Statistics and Census Institute for the period 2007–2017. The authors find that as tourism specialisation grows, the incidence of precarious labour conditions in tourism goes down. Working in this sector increases the chances of having a precarious job, particularly for non-legal outcome variables. However, tourism specialisation and urban primacy generate a mitigating effect on these negative results. The authors focus on tourism labour conditions in Argentinian cities, using different measures of labour precarity from a legal perspective, (namely, legal informality) and a non-legal one (including productive informality, part-time work and non-permanent occupation). The authors follow an innovative approach to this matter in the tourism sector, as they consider both tourism specialisation at the city level and urban primacy. This is the first article addressing these issues not only for Argentina but also for Latin America.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-08-11
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-10-2020-0237
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Determinants and implications of travel motivations: international
           travellers visiting Cappadocia

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      Authors: Faruk Seyitoğlu , Özgür Davras
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore the determinants and implications of travel motivations of international tourists visiting the Cappadocia destination. The quantitative research method focusing on numerical data was used to test the proposed hypotheses, and the survey technique has been used to collect data. The research participants consisted of 363 international tourists visiting the Cappadocia region/Turkey and spending at least one night there. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed using the AMOS 22 package program to ensure the scales’ construct validity. Then, the structural equation model was established to test the study’s hypothesis, and these hypotheses were tested with the help of path analysis. As determinants of travel motivations, while electronic word of mouth (eWOM) has a positive effect on travel motivation dimensions, the impact of travel risk perception is negative. Moreover, from the dimensions of travel motivations, novelty/learning and socialization positively affect destination loyalty. However, the influences of escape and relaxation and self-development are meaningless. Besides that, travel risk perception strongly impacts eWOM. Destination managers and practitioners must maintain a higher level of tourist motivation and reduce tourists’ travel risk perception levels to improve destination competitiveness by constituting a more loyal customer profile. Moreover, eWOM platforms should be used efficiently. This study points to a functional multidimensional model that contributes to the literature and guides destination managers and practitioners. The proposed framework of determinants and consequences of tourists’ travel motivation can also be applied in other service contexts.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-01-2021-0006
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Determinants of multi-destination travel in Vietnam: a rational choice
           perspective

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      Authors: Hao Thi Kim Do , Dung Phuong Hoang , Thuy Thu Pham
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine the factors affecting travelers’ decision to select more than one destination in their trips. Drawn from the rational choice theory, this study posits that the selection of multi-destination tours, as a rational choice, is determined by the travelers’ perception of costs and benefits associated with that choice. The conceptual model was developed from both an exploratory research with in-depth interview and the literature. A logistic regression model linking four explanatory variables representing perceived benefits and costs of multi-destination option with travelers’ choice of multi-destination trips. The conceptual model is controlled for diversity of travel purposes; tour group size; type of travel arrangement and travelers’ demographic characteristics while the research context of multi-destination travel within Phu Yen – Dak Lak – Gia Lai – Binh Dinh helps control for the characteristics of the destination set (spatial proximity and traffic convenience). The conceptual model was tested based on data collected from 1,361 Vietnamese travelers who have ever visited at least one of the four provinces. This study finds that perceived benefits in terms of diversifying tourism experiences and perceived costs of traveling in multiple places compared to taking single trips represent the most significant drivers for tourists’ selection of multi-destination tours. In addition, the diversity of travel purposes and tour group size have a positive and significant impact on the demand for traveling more than one destination in a trip. Moreover, the richer, older and married travelers have a significantly higher tendency to select multi-destination packages. The research findings provide important strategic implications for promoting multi-destination trips, thereby, maximizing economic benefits from tourism. While multi-destination travel patterns have been examined empirically in individual studies sporadically without a common theoretical background, this research makes some progress on this front by using the rational choice theory to connect the relative contributions of those factors to the travelers’ choice of multi-destination trips. Specifically, this study provides a new perspective in explaining the selection of multi-destination trips – from tourists’ perceptions about costs and benefits associated with that choice.
      Citation: International Journal of Tourism Cities
      PubDate: 2021-05-15
      DOI: 10.1108/IJTC-10-2020-0239
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • International Journal of Tourism Cities

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