Subjects -> BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION (Total: 146 journals)
    - BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION (138 journals)
    - CARPENTRY AND WOODWORK (8 journals)

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION (138 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 35 of 35 Journals sorted alphabetically
A+BE : Architecture and the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Academia : Architecture and Construction     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Building Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Edificación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building - Conference Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Baurechtliche Blätter : bbl     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BER : Architects and Quantity Surveyors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Capital Goods Industries Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Building & Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Building Acoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Building Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Building Services Engineering Research & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BUILT : International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Built Environment Inquiry Journal     Open Access  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Built-Environment Sri Lanka     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Studies in Construction Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cement and Concrete Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Clay Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Concreto y cemento. Investigación y desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Construction Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Construction Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Corporate Real Estate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dams and Reservoirs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Developments in the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy and Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environment and Urbanization Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Facilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FUTY Journal of the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gaceta Técnica     Open Access  
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
Glass Structures & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Handbook of Adhesives and Sealants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heritage Matters : The Magazine for New Zealanders Restoring, Preserving and Enjoying Our Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Housing and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Informes de la Construcción     Open Access  
Intelligent Buildings International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Architectural Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Construction Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of River Basin Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Sustainable Real Estate and Construction Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of the Built Environment and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Ventilation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Education in the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aging and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Building Pathology and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Computational Acoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Facilities Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Property, Planning and Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Transport and Land Use     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Landscape History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mauerwerk     Hybrid Journal  
Modular and Offsite Construction (MOC) Summit Proceedings |     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Naval Engineers Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Construction & Building Technology Journal     Open Access  
Organization, Technology and Management in Construction     Open Access  
PARC Pesquisa em Arquitetura e Construção     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Forensic Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Urban Design and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Revista ALCONPAT     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de la Construcción     Open Access  
Revista de Urbanismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Hábitat Sustenable     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista INVI     Open Access  
RILEM Technical Letters     Open Access  
Room One Thousand     Open Access  
Ruang-Space: Jurnal Lingkungan Binaan (Journal of The Built Environment)     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Construction Science and Technology     Open Access  
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 62)
Science and Technology for the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Smart and Sustainable Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Stroitel’stvo : Nauka i Obrazovanie     Open Access  
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable Cities and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Technology|Architecture + Design     Hybrid Journal  
Terrain.org : A Journal of the Built & Natural Environments     Free   (Followers: 3)
The Historic Environment : Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tidsskrift for boligforskning     Open Access  
YBL Journal of Built Environment     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Miet- und Raumrecht     Hybrid Journal  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.561
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2010-1325 - ISSN (Online) 2010-1333
Published by World Scientific Homepage  [119 journals]
  • Chilled Coil Performance Control and Application to Turbine Inlet Air
           Cooling
    • Authors: Gopalakrishnan Anand, Ellen Makar
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      The Absorption Refrigeration Cycle Turbine Inlet Conditioning (ARCTIC) system can chill the inlet air of the turbine to maintain optimum turbine performance at all ambient temperatures. However, turbine characteristics and bell-mouth icing concerns impose a minimum temperature limitation on the chilled air. Performance guarantees may also require maintaining the inlet air temperature within a narrow range throughout the year. These considerations require accurate prediction of the chilling coil performance over a wide range of operating conditions and the development of a robust controls strategy. A modified wet-surface model is used to model the chilling coil performance. The application of the model to a 2110[math]kW (600 RT) ARCTIC providing inlet air chilling for a MARS 100 turbine is considered. A control strategy is developed to maintain the inlet air temperature at the desired set point with varying ambient temperatures and chilling loads. The TIAC controls help maintain the inlet air temperature at 7.22∘C to maximize turbine capacity and efficiency during most of the hot/warm days and accommodates 100% turndown. Additional safety measures are incorporated to prevent bell-mouth icing.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-04-29T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500164
       
  • Experimental Study of Domestic Refrigerator Performance Improvement with
           Evaporative Condenser
    • Authors: Kawal Preet Singh Khalsa, Sayan Sadhu
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Evaporation of defrosted water in household refrigerators and condenser waste heat utilization has been reported by many researchers but limited literature is available on the study of evaporative cooling in domestic refrigerators (condenser waste heat utilization for defrost water evaporation) with helical coil heat exchangers. This paper is concerned with evaluating domestic refrigerator performance by employing an evaporative helical coil heat exchanger before hot wall condenser which is utilized for evaporation of defrost water and reducing the superheated refrigerant temperature to condensing temperature to reduce the condenser load and improve the overall performance of a domestic refrigerator. Results show that evaporative cooling increases COP of the system by 25.3%, reduces the energy consumption of the refrigerator by 7.3% and the compressor run time by 10.6%. These experimental results also revealed that using two different thermal conductivity tube materials for evaporative helical coil condenser (Copper tube and Zinc coated steel tube) provided with less wall thickness (0.2[math]mm) PVC coating results in good agreement for the same evaporation rate of defrosted water.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500152
       
  • Exergy Analysis of Humidification–Dehumidification Water Desalination
           Unit Working under Baghdad Conditions
    • Authors: Mohanad F. Hassan, Abdul Hadi N. Khalifa, Ahmed J. Hamed
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Water desalination unit powered by renewable energy sources is sometimes needed at places far from the energy grid lines. Consequently, even countries with rich energy resources, such as the Arabian Gulf countries, have shown strong interest in desalination processes that often use renewable energy sources. This work aims to conduct an exergy analysis of solar-powered humidification–dehumidification (HDH) unit. The exergy analysis input data are extracted from a previous work conducted in August 2020 under Baghdad conditions, 33.3∘N latitude and 44.14∘E longitude. The previous work’s HDH unit consisted of six parabolic trough solar collectors (PTSCs), with a total aperture area of 8.76[math]m2. Meteonorm v7.3 software was used to obtain the weather data for Baghdad City, Iraq. The HDH unit results had revealed low exergy efficiency, where the maximum overall exergy efficiency was 0.305% at 12.00[math]noon, August 17, 2020, when the salty water flow rate was 1 L/min. The unit’s overall exergy efficiencies were 0.09%, 0.16%, 0.31%, and 0.085% when the salty water flow rates were 0.8, 0.9, 1, and 1.2 L/min, respectively. Maximum exergy destructions for the HDH unit components were 0.513, 0.156, 0.332, and 0.304[math]kW for solar radiation, dehumidifier, humidifier, and PTSC, for a salty water flow rate of 1[math]L/min. In contrast, the overall exergy destruction of the HDH unit was 1.3[math]kW.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-04-23T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500176
       
  • Investigations on Predictions and Characteristics of Flow Field in the
           Pipelines of Chillers for Measured Locations of Ultrasonic Flowmeters by
           CFD Approach
    • Authors: Min-Lun Chai, Yu-Hsuan Chang, Chih-Hung Lin, Jin-Cyuan Tsai, Jhen-You Chin, Ratna Nur Inten
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      The flow velocity profiles in most of the central air-conditioning pipelines are, in general, not fully developed flow and difficult to obtain the accurate flow rates by flowmeters, which are used for measuring average velocity. Especially for being at the outlet of an elbow, the accuracy of flow rate by measurement is quite low. Therefore, there are some limitations for measurements of flow rate and velocity profile by the present flow measuring technologies. The objective of this study was to establish an approach on accurate predictions of velocity profiles at different measured locations of central air-conditioning pipelines for nonuniform flow measurements by simulations of computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). All the velocity profiles will integrate as a database for predictions by neural network algorithm for smart measurement further. In the present work initially, international experiments were employed to validate the accuracy of CFD approach. The calculations were carried out by different turbulence models. The results compared with the experimental data by Realizable [math]-[math] turbulence model with less computing resources have great agreements. Realizable [math]-[math] turbulence model was, therefore, determined for the predictions of central air-conditioning pipeline. According to various pipings and pipe sizes, the results for three cases show that the velocity profiles in the pipelines would not be symmetrical and has strong secondary flow. Therefore, all of the flow profiles would be integrated and analyzed as a database and assist to get accurately the measured locations of ultrasonic flowmeters. Further, this database will be combined with algorithm of artificial neural network for smart predictions.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-04-21T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500140
       
  • Pool Boiling of Ammonia, Assessment of Correlations
    • Authors: Touhami Baki
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Ammonia is a natural compound, used more and more in refrigeration installations of absorption and vapor compression, component sizing and more particularly evaporators pass by the mastery and prediction of heat transfer. Our study aims to retrieve experimental data from the literature and verify them with known author correlations, and the differences were observed with margins of error; a new correlation has been developed giving convincing results.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-03-31T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500127
       
  • Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Non-Uniform Clothing
           Ensembles on the Occupants’ Thermal Perceptions under a Local
           Ventilation System
    • Authors: Peyman Ebrahimi Naghani, Seyed Alireza Zolfaghari, Mehdi Maerefat, Jørn Toftum, Seyed Mohammad Hooshmand
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      This paper presents an experimental study that evaluated the effects of three different non-uniform types of clothing ensembles (Type A: short-sleeve shirt, T-shirt underwear, men’s briefs, straight trousers, socks, shoes; Type B: long-sleeve shirt, T-shirt underwear, men’s briefs, straight trousers; and Type C: long-sleeve shirt, men’s briefs, straight trousers, thick socks, shoes) with almost the same thermal insulation (about 0.52 clo) on the subjects’ local and overall thermal sensation and air movement preference under a desktop local ventilation system. The experiment was conducted in a test chamber with the mean air temperature of [math]C and under three supply air temperatures of [math]C, [math]C, and [math]C from a desktop ventilation system. The results revealed that the body segments with the most critical thermal sensation were (i) forearms, hands and arms for the subjects with “A type” clothing ensemble, (ii) feet, hands and forearms for the subjects with “B type” clothing ensemble, and (iii) hands, arms, forearms and chest for the subjects that wore “C type” clothing ensemble. For the three clothing types of “A”, “B” and “C”, the values of overall thermal sensation changed from [math]0.63, [math]1.25, and [math]1.13 at [math]C to [math]0.31, [math]0.31, and [math]0.38 at [math]C inlet temperature, respectively. Also, the results indicated that upon elevation of the inlet air temperature from [math]C to [math]C, the percentages of the subjects who preferred less air movement dropped from 63%, 63%, and 50% to 38%, 25%, and 38%, respectively, for wearing “A”, “B” and “C” clothing ensembles.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-03-26T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500115
       
  • Study on the Evaluation of Sealing Performance of Horizontal Blowing Air
           Curtain Installed in Doorways
    • Authors: Yong-Il Kwon
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Air curtains are installed to reduce heat loss due to drafts intruding into the indoor through the open doorways, and play the role of separating two climatic zones and different environmental zones. It is also used to protect the workplace from impurities or to reduce the spread of cigarette smoke in restaurants. Recently, aircraft to provide the individual air barrier by the vertical blowing air curtains have installed a physical barrier in the breathing zone between adjacent seats to protect passengers from COVID-19. The main factors affecting the sealing performance (SP) of the air curtain are the difference of temperature and pressure between indoor and outdoor, and are used to make the proper jet flow an air barrier with the high airtightness. Until now, various types of air curtains are manufactured and sold. Air curtains with the improved SP do not only have a discharge port but also a suction port. This study was conducted to evaluate the SP of the horizontal blowing air curtain according to the discharge pressure, and to select the minimized volume flow rate required for creating the proper zone separation. The volume flow rate of outdoor air intruding into the indoor through the doorways is used to evaluate the SP of the air curtain, and is calculated using the SVE4 proposed by Murakami in this study.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-03-10T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500103
       
  • Increasing the Cooling Rate of the Vapor Compression Cycle by Heating
    • Authors: M. S. Abd-Elhady, E. Bishara, M. A. Halim
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Refrigeration and air conditioning cycles consume a large amount of electrical energy and the shortage in traditional sources of energy is the main reasons for governments to use renewable energy. The most power consuming part in the Vapor Compression Cycle (VCC) is the gas compressor. Therefore, the objective of this research is to increase the cooling rate of the VCC using the same compressor, and that is done by heating the refrigerant coming out from the compressor. The proposed cycle is similar to the VCC except that the compression processes is done in two stages, the first stage via a gas compressor and in the second stage by heating the refrigerant under constant volume. The heating process can be done using solar energy. An experimental setup has been developed to study the influence of heating the refrigerant on the cooling rate of the VCC. The heating process is performed after the compressor, and it is done under constant volume in order to increase the pressure of the refrigerant. Four experiments have been performed; the first experiment is a normal VCC, i.e., without heating, while in the second, third and fourth experiments, the refrigerant has been heated to 50°C, 100°C and 150°C, respectively. It has been found that the cooling power increases with the heating temperature. Heating increases the pressure of the refrigerant in VCC, and consequently increases the mass flow rate of the refrigerant that results in an increase in the refrigeration power for the same compressor power. However, the disadvantage of heating the refrigerant is that it increases the evaporator temperature, which limits the possibility of the VCC to be used in freezing applications.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-03-05T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500097
       
  • An Exergetic Model for the Ambient Air Temperature Impacts on the Combined
           Power Plants and its Management Using the Genetic Algorithm
    • Authors: Hossein Khajehpour, Nima Norouzi, Maryam Fani
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      4E analysis is used on a Brayton–Rankine combined cycle power plant (CCPP) with a dual pressure heat recovery steam generation (HRSG) system. A multi-objective genetic-based evolutionary optimization has been used to estimate the most optimal exergy efficiency status, exergy cost reduction, carbon emission reduction, and NOx emission reduction. For the validation of the data, the simulation results are compared with the plant’s data. This study investigates the effect of every decisive parameter on the objective performance parameters of the CCPP. The primary estimated results are the emission rates, efficiencies, and the exergoeconomic cost of the system. At the optimum operational state, the exergy efficiency may increase by 10%, while the total emissions may decrease by 14.6%. The conventional technical measures’ effectiveness to improve the combined cycle power plant’s energy performance is applied to the simulated case study. Results have shown that the main source of the exergy destruction in this system is the HRSG and the combustion chamber, and also the overall performance of the plant shows great sensitivity to the ambient air temperature. This fact has shown that climate change and global warming are effective in thermal power plants’ performance. Therefore, the effect of the climate change on the ambient air temperature impact on the power plant and the 4E performance of the simulated combined cycle power plant is also studied. The results show that, due to the global warming effect, the exergy efficiency of the CCPP unit is decreased by over 0.2% in the last two decades, which can be generalized to all thermal electricity generation units throughout the world based on the mean global temperature rise in the last decades.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-02-26T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500085
       
  • Performance Enhancement in LICL–H2O and LIBR–H2O Absorption Cooling
           Systems Through an Advanced Exergy Analysis
    • Authors: Parth Mody, Jatin Patel, Nishant Modi, Bhargav Pandya
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      This research study compares the thermodynamic performance of 10[math]kW lithium chloride–water (LiCl–H2O) and lithium bromide–water (LiBr–H2O) absorption cooling systems through first and second law of thermodynamics. Further, the exergy degradations happening in each component have been split into unavoidable and avoidable exergy degradations as well as endogenous and exogenous exergy degradations through advanced exergy analysis. Pressure–temperature–concentration ([math]–[math]–[math] diagrams are drafted to clarify the real, ideal, and unavoidable cycles for LiCl–H2O and LiBr–H2O absorption cycles. Moreover, this paper exhibits the sensitivity of various system components towards the generator, condenser, and absorber temperature for both pairs. Energetic observation proves that LiCl–H2O pair is 10% more efficient as compared to LiBr–H2O pair. Exergetically, LiBr–H2O cycle struggles with additional (nearly 13.45%) exergy destruction than LiCl–H2O cycle. The major contribution (around 70% to 80%) of irreversibility comes from the generator and absorber. Comprehensively, the parametric partitions of irreversibility rate in each component provide broad indications to prioritize the system components for enhancements.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-02-20T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500073
       
  • Modified Chilled Coil Model Development and Application to Turbine Inlet
           Air Cooling
    • Authors: Gopalakrishnan Anand, Ellen Makar
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      A Turbine Inlet Air Conditioning (TIAC) system can chill the inlet air of the turbine to maintain maximum turbine performance at all ambient temperatures. However, turbine characteristics, performance guarantees and bell-mouth icing considerations require accurate prediction of the chilling coil performance over a wide range of operating conditions. A modified wet-surface model (MWSM) is developed to more accurately predict the chilling coil performance. The higher accuracy of the model is demonstrated by applying the model to simulate performance data of two different coils. The data covered a wide range of operating conditions with ambient temperature vary from [math]C to [math]C dry bulb and [math]C to [math]C wet bulb. The turbine flow rate varies from 100% to 43% with chilled air temperature in the range of 3.3–[math]C and chilling load variation of 100% to 5%. The chilled water flow rate varies from 100% to 32% with supply glycol-water temperature in the range of [math]2.2–[math]C. The MWSM uses 11 empirical parameters evaluated from the coil performance data and is able to correlate the data with an adjusted coefficient of determination ([math]) of over 99%. The higher accuracy of the modified model enables the development of a more robust controls strategy required to maintain the inlet air temperature at the set point with varying ambient temperatures and chilling load conditions. The model can also be applied to other chilling and dehumidification applications especially those experiencing wide variations in operating conditions and load or those requiring close control of the chilling and dehumidification process.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-02-10T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500061
       
  • Exergy Analysis and Optimization of Natural Gas Liquids Recovery Unit
    • Authors: Hossein Khajehpour, Nima Norouzi, Navid Shiva, Reza Mahmoodi Folourdi, Ehsan Hashemi Bahremani
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      The Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) recovery unit is one of the processes that requires cooling. The sweetened gas enters this unit after the dehydration stage, and the final product called NGL Product is stored and ready for consumption or export. In this research, the first, one of the NGL units, is simulated with HYSYS software. Three types of processes with different cooling systems are studied using the exergy analysis method. Joule–Thomson’s combination with the expander is selected for its high exergy efficiency, and the exergy efficiency function has been selected as the objective function 1 to optimize this process mathematically based on this study’s findings. The critical term in this objective function is the work of the compressors and turboexpanders in the process. After defining the optimization problem, the problem is optimized by two genetic algorithms and SQP, considering the process constraints and the process’s initial conditions. Finally, using the genetic algorithm’s data application to the simulated process, a 15% increase in the plant’s exergic efficiency was observed.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-02-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S201013252150005X
       
  • Numerical Analysis of the Dynamic and Thermal Behavior of an Indirect
           Solar Dryer: Effect of the Outlet
    • Authors: Mourad Salhi, Dounia Chaatouf, Benyounes Raillani, Nadia Dihmani, Samir Amraqui, M. A. Moussaoui, Ahmed Mezrhab, Jean Pierre Fontaine
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      This work is a contribution to the improvement of the thermal and the dynamic fields of a natural convection indirect solar dryer, composed of a solar flat air heater and a drying chamber, intended for drying agricultural products and medicinal plants. We have studied the effects of size and position of the outlet on the distribution of air and temperature within the drying chamber, containing the figs as a product to be dried. To be more realistic, we have used a user defined function (UDF) subroutine written in [math] to integrate the unsteady evolution of a day’s climate data in the Oujda region. This study was achieved by numerical simulations using the ANSYS FLUENT software, in order to optimize the distribution of air and temperature inside the drying chamber, and to choose the best outlet’s position and size for the best efficiency of the dryer. The results show that the optimal outlet position found is in the right corner with a size range of 0.07 to 0.15[math]m. The effects of the position and size of the outlet on the air deflection along the trays were also presented and discussed.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-01-27T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500012
       
  • A Study on the Combined Driven Refrigeration Cycle Using Ejector
    • Authors: Waseem Raza, Gwang Soo Ko, Youn Cheol Park
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      The rising need for thermal comfort has resulted in a rapid increase in refrigeration systems’ usage and, subsequently, the need for electricity for air-conditioning systems. The ejector system can be driven by a free or affordable low-temperature heat source such as waste heat as the primary source of energy instead of electricity. Heat-driven ejector refrigeration systems become a promising solution for reducing energy consumption to conventional compressor-based refrigeration technologies. An air-conditioning system that uses the ejector achieves better performance in terms of energy-saving. This paper presents a study on the combined driven refrigeration cycle based on ejectors to maximize cycle performance. The experimental setup is designed to determine the coefficient of performance (COP) with ejector nozzle sizes 1.8, 3.6, and 5.4[math]mm, respectively. In this system, the R-134a refrigerant is considered as a working fluid. The results depict that the efficiency is higher than that of the conventional refrigeration method due to comparing the performance of the conventional refrigeration cycle and the combined driven refrigeration cycle. The modified cycle efficiency is better than the vapor compression cycle below 0∘C, which implies sustainability at low temperatures by using low-grade thermal energy. For the improvement of mechanical efficiency, proposed cycle can be easily used.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-01-25T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500048
       
  • Performance of a Flat-Tube Louvered-Fin Automotive Condenser with R1234yf
    • Authors: H. M. Gurudatt, G. S. V. L. Narasimham, B. Sadashive Gowda
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Numerical simulation of a mini-channel, flat-tube, louvered fin, automotive condenser is performed to study the heat rejection rate, pressure drop and performance of the heat exchanger. The simulation study is carried out for the refrigerant R1234yf. The properties of R1234y are obtained from REFPROP software. The moist air properties are calculated from those of dry air and water vapor using suitable correlations. To select the input data, the cycle performance is carried out for a standard vapor compression refrigeration system working with R1234yf between the temperature limits of [math]C on the low-pressure side and [math]C on the high-pressure side. The condensation process is taken into account in three sections, namely, the superheated, two-phase and the subcooled regions. A custom code is prepared in MATLAB to solve the simultaneous equations of heat transfer from refrigerant to inside tube wall, inside tube wall to outside tube wall and outside tube wall to moist air. The simulation results show the sensible heat transfer during desuper heating to be very small compared to the condensing region. Results are reported for the pressure variation along the refrigerant flow passage in the desuper heating, two-phase and subcooling regions. The heat-transfer coefficient is found to be the highest in the two-phase region for higher dryness fractions. The effect of inlet air velocity is less compared to that of the inlet air temperature on the heat rejection rate.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-01-18T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500024
       
  • A Novel Technique for Improving the Performance of Ammonia Absorption
           Refrigeration Cycle
    • Authors: M. Hemeda Shaker, M. S. Abd-Elhady, M. A. Halim
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      The world is now living in an energy crisis. Refrigeration and air-conditioning systems have become the basics of daily life in various fields and accordingly, it cannot be dispensed. Refrigeration machines and air-conditioning systems are the most energy-consuming systems, independent on the application whether it is domestic, commercial, industrial or medical. Therefore, using cooling systems which are powered by thermal energy, e.g., solar energy, can save a lot of electrical energy. Absorption refrigeration system is an example of a refrigeration system powered by heat energy. However, the system problem here is that it has low coefficient of performance (COP). The objective of this research is to improve the COP of the ammonia absorption cycle. This is done in the absorber unit by improving the absorption of the refrigerant ammonia into the ammonia–water solution. The absorption efficiency is improved by using (1) a stirrer pump to improve mixing, (2) sprayers to increase the contact area between ammonia and ammonia–water solution and (3) continuous cooling of the solution during the absorption process via an external heat exchanger. The COP of the ammonia absorption cycle has increased from 0.48 to 0.715, i.e., by 49%. This is due to the improvement of the absorption of the ammonia into the ammonia–water solution.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-01-18T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521500036
       
  • A Review of Models for Estimation of Moisture Evaporation Rate from
           Clothes Inside a Clothes Dryer
    • Authors: Mehdi Rasti, Ji Hwan Jeong
      Abstract: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Ahead of Print.
      Heat pump tumble dryers, air-vented dryers and condenser dryers are widely used as clothes dryers. Clothes dryers use hot air to absorb moisture from textiles to get them dry after a wash by passing drying air through the drum. To simulate the drying process of clothes in the drum and to obtain the moisture evaporation rate, it is necessary to use an accurate model to predict the moisture transfer coefficient from the textile to the air in the drum as well as the mass transfer area between the drying air and the textile. In this study, a comprehensive review of the literature on the prediction of the moisture evaporation rate inside the drum of a clothes dryers was conducted. It was found that researchers generally used constant values, fitting models, dimensionless correlations, and Chilton–Colburn analogy to predict the area–mass transfer coefficient. Moreover, few researchers used the effectiveness model for the prediction of moisture evaporation rate. The comprehensive review of the literature showed that all of the previous models for prediction of the moisture evaporation rate have some limitations in terms of generality or accuracy. Therefore, the development of a new accurate model for prediction of the moisture evaporation rate inside the drum of clothes dryers is crucial.
      Citation: International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S2010132521300019
       
 
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