Subjects -> GARDENING AND HORTICULTURE (Total: 37 journals)
Showing 1 - 20 of 20 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. Horticulture     Open Access  
Concrete Garden     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Corps et culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Dekoratyviųjų ir sodo augalų sortimento, technologijų ir aplinkos optimizavimas     Partially Free  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Horticultural Plant Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Horticulture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Horticultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Horticultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Horticulture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Landscape Architecture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia     Open Access  
Landscape History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Landscape Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Landscape Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Polish Journal of Landscape Studies     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas     Open Access  
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Scientia Horticulturae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sibbaldia: the International Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture     Open Access  
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes: An International Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Media, Culture & Society
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.846
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 46  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0163-4437 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3675
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1118 journals]
  • Dismembering media diversity: A tryst with two press commissions
    • Authors: Vibodh Parthasarathi
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      How does the governance of the newspaper business in mid-20th century India enrich our understanding of contests over media diversity' This essay examines the anxieties of media diversity in regulatory debates in India during the decades between the two Press Commissions of 1954 and 1982. I argue the contests spawned during these debates being driven as much by normative standpoints on the press as a modern institution as by enumerations of the actual dynamics in the newspaper business. My purpose is twofold: to highlight the anxieties about media diversity expressed by both press commissions and related policy debates in the interim; and to reveal the desires to mitigate the risks to media diversity being undermined by mobilising unqualified notions of media freedom.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-05T06:57:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994552
  • Media against communication: media/violence and conditionalities of Muslim
           silencing in Northern India
    • Authors: Britta Ohm
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Understanding the relationship between media and communication as increasingly conflictive under conditions of de-democratization in India, this essay proposes a focus on violence-induced conditionalities of political communication among the affected. I introduce the term ‘media/violence’ as I look at two spaces in North Indian cities that have been turned into ‘Muslim ghettos’ over the past two decades: Jamia Nagar in New Delhi and Juhapura in Ahmedabad (Gujarat). Based on intermittent fieldwork between 2015 and 2020 (partly online), I argue that differences both in the quality of the violence as well as in the interaction between mediated and physical violence executed on the two spaces conditioned long-term options of collective communication (and their absence). The analysis helps us understand how massive political and legal protests could eventually erupt in Jamia Nagar (Shaheen Bagh) in late 2019, while the very reason for protest appears to have eluded residents of Juhapura.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-26T06:08:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994531
  • Extensions after Man: Race, Counter/insurgency and the Futures of Media
    • Authors: Michael Litwack
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article returns to the geopolitical scene and racial logics that provide the underacknowledged conditions of Marshall McLuhan’s Understanding Media and, specifically, its well-known proposition that media should be understood foremost as ‘outerings’ or ‘extensions of man’. Attending to the structuring inheritances of racial slavery and the plantation system in this founding statement of mid-twentieth-century media theory, as well as its debt to the literary and intellectual movement of the Southern Agrarians, I consider how the racializing figure of ‘Man’ conserved by the nascent field of media studies was contemporaneously brought to crisis by black (and) anticolonial freedom struggles. Arguing for the need to reread the career of western media theory through its political vocation in attempting to manage this crisis, the article concludes by turning briefly to a revisionary account of media and exteriority also circulated in 1964: the revolutionary intellectual James Boggs’s ‘The Negro and Cybernation’. Boggs’s writings, which situate emergent forms of computing and cybernation within a longer materialist genealogy of race, capitalism and technology, offer both a proleptic critique of the early disciplinary formation of media theory and a divergent set of coordinates for approaching media technology on the terrain of black political struggle.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-22T07:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994532
  • The libidinal economy of vernacularisation: modernity, sexuality and
           Bhojpuri media
    • Authors: Akshaya Kumar
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The last two decades have witnessed a notable proliferation of media industries producing low-budget digital films and music videos. These media industries routinely stage a confrontation between modernity and a fantasy of pure cultural traditions. The bulk of their content deploys the male star as an extraordinary crossover figure – the only one capable of bringing modernity and its vernacular outsides on the negotiating table. Drawing upon the trajectory of Bhojpuri media industry – referring to the language spoken in parts of eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar – this paper discusses, via Bruno Latour, the fundamental discord at the heart of modernity. I argue that the libidinal economy has emerged as a narrative simplification of the purifying imperative of modernity, haunted as it is by the concurrent hybridizing force-field.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-20T09:53:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994543
  • Global online platforms, COVID-19, and culture: The global pandemic, an
           accelerator towards which direction'
    • Authors: Antonios Vlassis
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The article proposes to consider the COVID-19 global pandemic as new major development for cultural industries and policies and to highlight timely and crucial trends due to the lockdown measures. Thus, it attempts to stimulate the scholarship debate regarding the consequences of the pandemic to the action of global online platforms, as well as to policy and economic aspects of cultural sectors. Taking as case study the audio-visual sector, the article explores whether the US global streaming platforms are the winning players of the lockdown measures and emphasizes the multifaceted strategies developed by US-based platforms in order to strengthen their soft power. Focusing on China and the European Union, the article also argues that the overwhelming action of US-based online platforms triggers the potential emergence of media platform regionalization in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, it highlights the regulatory challenges and how the new empirical trends are expected to shape the current audio-visual policy framework. The analysis focuses on the period between the beginning of global pandemic in Asia-Pacific in January 2020 and the progressive easing of lockdown measures in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific in July 2020.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-19T05:48:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994537
  • Public intimacy in social media: The mass audience as a third party
    • Authors: Danny Kaplan
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study presents a novel analysis of social network sites as a staged performance of interpersonal ties in front of a third party, here defined as public intimacy. This concept moves away from the current focus on the presentation of self in social media to the performance of relationships. Users of social media are compared to an interactive audience in a round theater. As inner circle network members display their exclusive ties in front of ther users they may also tease them into joining the conversation. Building on studies of Simmelian ties, interactive exchange, and phatic communication the study presents six characteristics of public intimacy along with brief examples drawn from users’ experiences on Facebook and Twitter. It is concluded that by mediating the shift from dyad to triad and from triad to mass community social media do not necessarily entail a reduction in intimacy but rather a concretization of social relations. The recursive relationship between interpersonal ties and mass solidarity is sustained and reaffirmed thanks to triadic interactions of public intimacy.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-12T06:08:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721991087
  • Queering the Map: Stories of love, loss and (be)longing within a digital
           cartographic archive
    • Authors: Emma Kirby, Ash Watson, Brendan Churchill, Brady Robards, Lucas LaRochelle
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The rise of crowdsourced and participatory digital platforms which aim to make visible the experiences of otherwise marginalised people are significant within the broader landscape of digitally mediated community spaces. One example of such media is Queering the Map, a digital storymapping platform where users anonymously pin ‘queer moments’ and memories to places. While the mediation of affect and intimacy in digital spaces among queer people is increasingly attended to in scholarly work, the cartographic and archival remains hitherto underexplored. Drawing on an analysis of almost 2000 micro-stories geolocated to Australia, in this article we explore various aspects of story contribution that situate Queering the Map as a lively cartographic archive. Rather than necessarily anonymous (as the platform dictates), the posts, we argue, entail various deliberated directions or gestures, encoded for audiences: what we term stories for someone. We highlight these publicly private stories’ connective and affective underpinnings, and the political potentialities (and problems) therein for queer belonging and community-building. In doing so we seek to contribute to scholarship on digital archives, crowdsourcing, and advance conceptualisations of digital intimacies.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-22T06:15:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986005
  • “Dangerous organizations: Facebook’s content moderation decisions and
           ethnic visibility in Myanmar”
    • Authors: Jeffrey Sablosky
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      On February 5th, 2019 Facebook labeled four Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs) in Myanmar as “Dangerous Organizations” thereby formally banning them from using the company’s platform. At the time of the company’s announcement, all four of these groups were in open conflict with the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw) who were themselves in the process of being prosecuted for genocide in the International Court of Justice. As a principle vector for communication in Myanmar, Facebook’s decision directly impacted the ability of these groups to connect with national and international stakeholders during their conflicts with the Tatmadaw. This study looks to examine this decision and other content moderation decisions involving ethnic speech within Myanmar to document Facebook’s evolution from a tool for democratic liberalization to international political authority. While outwardly projecting a stance of neutrality in foreign affairs, this work seeks to demarcate how Facebook’s content moderation practices have transformed the company into a new governmental apparatus freely adjudicating political speech claims around the globe with virtual impunity. Building on scholarly discussions around content moderation and digital governance in media studies, I look to interrogate how Facebook’s positionality affects ethnic visibility in nations beholden to the company for national and worldwide recognition.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-21T07:39:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720987751
  • The liberatory potentials of multimodality: Collaborative Reggaeton music
           video production in Habana, Cuba
    • Authors: Eliza D Butler, Tori K Flint, Ana Christina da Silva Iddings
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study took place in Habana, Cuba over approximately 1 year, wherein the researcher collaborated with Reggaeton artists. While scholarship in multimodality has explored its potentials for literacy pedagogy, developing new literacies, and expanding identity possibilities, less research has focused on the creation of the spaces, tools, and resources required for composing multimodal products and on the liberatory dimensions of multimodality. This study highlights the backstories of these production processes, including the innovative use(s) of spaces and tools, the resources leveraged in order to construct and distribute multimodal media, and the ways artists made meaning together. The findings elucidate the ways the artists leveraged their ingenuity, collaboratively developed digital literacy practices, and produced multimodal texts to create new possibilities.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-19T06:53:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720987747
  • Activist communication design on social media: The case of online
           solidarity against forced Islamic lifestyle
    • Authors: Balca Arda, Ayşegül Akdemir
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the relationship between connective and collective group identity through the example of “You Won’t Walk Alone,” a social media platform of solidarity for women suffering from the pressures of Islamic dress code in Turkey. While Turkey has a long history of conservative women’s initiatives against secular institutional code and of secular women against Islamic and misogynist social reactions, the social media platform You Won’t Walk Alone (Yalnız Yürümeyeceksin) illustrates a striking self-reflexivity of women mobilizing against their very own conservative communities. The research is based on multimodal content analysis of the posts including both images and texts in order to grasp to what extent social media offers a genuine public space for anonymous participants of the online platform as opposed to digitally networked movements which primarily reflect personalized agency. We analyze how connective and collective group identity can be correlated in this case in which online participants build solidarity by sharing content anonymously. Hence, this article questions the ways in which activist design of communication affects and shapes activism through this case study.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-09T10:52:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986002
  • Public service media in the age of SVoDs: A comparative study of PSM
           strategic responses in Flanders, Italy and the UK
    • Authors: Alessandro D’Arma, Tim Raats, Jeanette Steemers
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Netflix and other transnational online video streaming services are disrupting long-established arrangements in national television systems around the world. In this paper we analyse how public service media (PSM) organisations (key purveyors of societal goals in broadcasting) are responding to the fast-growing popularity of these new services. Drawing on Philip Napoli’s framework for analysing strategic responses by established media to threats of competitive displacement by new media, we find that the three PSM organisations in our study exhibit commonalities. Their responses have tended to follow a particular evolution starting with different levels of complacency and resistance before settling into more coherent strategies revolving around efforts to differentiate PSM offerings, while also diversifying into activities, primarily across new platforms, that mimic SVoD approaches and probe production collaborations. Beyond these similarities, however, we also find that a range of contextual factors (including path-dependency, the role and status of PSM in each country, the degree of additional government support, cultural factors and market size) help explain nuances in strategic responses between our three cases.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T11:44:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972909
  • BTS as method: a counter-hegemonic culture in the network society
    • Authors: Ju Oak Kim
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study focuses on the BTS sensation, examining how three entities – digital networks, the K-pop industry, and fandom – have engaged in the production of an alternative global culture. Based on a multimodal critical discourse analysis of this rising cultural act, the current study pays attention to the dialectical interaction of digital transformation and cultural subjectivization in the contemporary music ecosystem. By integrating Manuel Castells’ notion of the network society into Stuart Hall’s articulation of cultural resistance, I consider BTS as a counter-hegemonic cultural formation from the periphery within the network society. I also argue that the BTS phenomenon has not only unveiled the ideological dimension of Korean cultural formations, but has also proposed new possibilities of non-western and peripheral societies and subjects in the globally networked cultural sphere.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T07:32:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986029
  • Economic Life: global capital, financial journalism, and independent media
    • Authors: Annemarie Iddins
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines financial journalism in Morocco during the 1990s, focusing on the tenure of French press magnate Jean-Louis Servan-Schreiber at La Vie économique (LVE) and the entrance of global capital into Morocco’s media market. At LVE Servan-Schreiber assembled a group of young reporters, columnists and analysts who came to journalism through finance and financial journalism at a time when Morocco was in the throes of economic liberalization. This moment proved formative for a new generation of media ownership and demonstrates a shift in media-state relations toward an ambivalent authoritarianism, defined by a new openness to complementary interests of media and the state. Bringing together political economy and textual analysis based on archival research, this article argues that financial journalism set the stage for a commercialization of independent media in Morocco that is characterized by recognition of media’s role as both a facilitator for global capital and a powerful player in the realm of geopolitics. Additionally, on the domestic front, the economic press paves the way for the reentry of politics into public discourse and a liberal approach that attempts to work within the constraints of capital while not eschewing critique.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T07:32:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986024
  • Media framing of COVID-19 pandemic in the transitional regime of Serbia:
           Exploring discourses and strategies
    • Authors: Irina Milutinović
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The subject of this study is media discourse on the Covid-19 pandemic in the Republic of Serbia. The study seeks to contribute to the understanding of the communication aspects of the current public health crisis within the transitional (hybrid) regime of Serbia. One of the paper’s objectives is to explore how Serbian media frame the discourse on the Covid-19 pandemic. The second objective is to examine whether journalists produce investigative and analytical contents on this pressing topic independently or just mediate to the public patterns created by the public health crisis management. By applying language analysis and intertextual analysis methods to a sample of 230 media texts, we point to the incoherence of media discourse on the Covid-19 pandemic, as well as to the lack of media independence in an environment of the permanent political campaign.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T07:31:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986003
  • The conquest of the world as meme: memetic visuality and political humor
           in critiques of the hindu right wing in India
    • Authors: Anirban K. Baishya
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      With the rise of internet-based digital participatory cultures in India, social networks have become sites of volatile political discourse. As in other countries such as Brazil, China and Russia, this has led to the concurrent eruption of memes in India’s political landscape. This paper examines humorous politicized memes that are deployed to critique the Hindu right-wing in India. Through an examination of the formal nature of the meme and its connection to other visual forms such as the caricature, the visual joke and the graphic novel, I demonstrate how seemingly frivolous objects can hold potential for serious discourse. Employing a mix of visual and textual analysis, as well as a survey of virally circulating memes on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, I forward the concept of “memetic visuality”—a mode of imagining the world and the political community through a series of intertextual connections. I argue that social media communication has led to the eruption of a memetic mode of engaging with political culture in India, in which virally fueled parody and satire infuses seemingly non-memetic objects with meme-like characteristics. In doing so, memetic political discourse in India becomes part of a larger global language of online political discourse.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-05T06:53:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986039
  • Translating a Chinese approach' Rural distribution and marketing in
           Ghana’s phone industry
    • Authors: Miao Lu
      First page: 309
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Ghana’s mobile phone markets are currently dominated by a Chinese company called Transsion. Based on 7-month ethnographic research, this article examines Transsion’s distribution and marketing practices in Ghana, which are largely labor-intensive, rural-centric, low value-added, and lower-class-oriented. Taking a historical approach, this article reveals that this business strategy originated in China and has been translated to Ghana by a wide variety of translators. By elaborating various translation scenarios, this article demonstrates that translation as a practice, be it cultural, technological, or managerial, is a complicated process with tensions, adaptations, and innovations. As a tech company from the Global South, Transsion provides a critical case to think beyond the urban-centric and high value-added business model of Silicon Valley-type companies.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-22T06:50:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720987811
  • Democratic backsliding and the media: the convergence of news narratives
           in Turkey
    • Authors: Defne Över
      First page: 343
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article presents how the rise of Justice and Development Party (AKP) to political power in Turkey transformed journalists’ professional practices as to lead to a decline in the plurality of opinions presented in the media. After AKP’s second electoral victory in 2007, political trials, property transfers, and dismissals wrapped in a discourse of punishment and purge of the “nation’s enemies” destabilized long established power hierarchies of secularists, religious-conservatives, Kurds, and leftists in Turkey. The destabilization was caused by the state’s changing attitude toward these identity groups, and in the media it lead to shifts in journalists’ status positions and emotions. Varying professional responses triggered by these shifts explain the convergence to a dominant singular political narrative in the media. This argument builds on narrative evidence collected between 2012 and 2014 via in-depth interviews, newspaper articles, and journalists’ memoires. With a from-below account, the article presents the effects of destabilized hierarchies on journalistic practice. In the example of media, it invites scholars to rethink contemporary democratic backsliding in terms of the links between state actors and non-state actors, on the one hand, and social actors’ power positions, political identities, and professional practices, on the other.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-28T08:26:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720975879
  • Hooking up with friends: LGBTQ+ young people, dating apps, friendship and
    • Authors: Paul Byron, Kath Albury, Tinonee Pym
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Research exploring digital intimate publics tends to consider social media platforms and dating/hook-up apps separately, implying distance between social and sexual communication practices. This paper troubles that delineation by drawing on LGBTQ+ young people’s accounts of negotiating safety and risk in dating/hook-up apps, in which friendship practices are significant. We explore four key themes of friendship that arose in our analysis of interviews and workshop discussions: sharing mutuals (or friends-in-common) with potential dates/hook-ups; making friends through apps; friends supporting app negotiations; and friends’ involvement in safety strategies. Through analysis of these data, we firstly argue that friendship is often both an outcome and an organising force of LGBTQ+ young people’s uses of dating/hook-up apps, and secondly, that media sites commonly defined as social (e.g. Instagram) or sexual (e.g. Tinder) are imbricated, with friendship contouring queer sex and dating practices.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:36:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972312
  • Commemorating from a distance: the digital transformation of Holocaust
           memory in times of COVID-19
    • Authors: Tobias Ebbrecht-Hartmann
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The severe restrictions on public life in many countries following the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic specifically affected Holocaust memorials and museums in all parts of the world, especially in Europe and in Israel. These measures posed a significant challenge, because contemporary forms of Holocaust commemoration are particularly based on the personal experience of presence at museums and historical sites. In contrast to the experience of distancing in face of the COVID-19 pandemic, establishing the presence of the past is thus a crucial element of contemporary Holocaust commemoration. This article explores the relationship between presence and absence, proximity and distance, guided commemoration and online engagement by critically analyzing digital activities of Holocaust memorials and museums in response to the pandemic. It argues that in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, Holocaust memorials began experimenting with the potential of social media for Holocaust memory. These experiments finally accepted the ongoing generational change and reacted to significant previous shifts in media consumption that were already affecting Holocaust commemoration.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:36:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720983276
  • Browsing with Alexa: Interrogating the impact of voice assistants as web
    • Authors: Simone Natale, Henry Cooke
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Voice assistants such as Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant have recently been the subject of lively debates in regard to issues such as artificial intelligence, surveillance, gender stereotypes, and privacy. Less attention, however, has been given to the fact that voice assistants are also web interfaces that might impact on how the web is accessed, understood and employed by users. This article aims to advance work in this context by identifying a range of issues that should spark additional reflections and discussions within communication and media studies and related fields. In particular, the article focuses on three key issues that have to do with long-standing discussions about the social and political impact of the internet: the role of web platforms in shaping information access, the relationship between production and consumption online, and the role of affect in informing engagement with web resources. Considering these issues in regard to voice assistants not only helps contextualize these technologies within existing debates in communication and media studies, but also highlights that voice assistants pose novel questions to internet research, challenging assumptions of what the web looks like as speech becomes one of the key ways to access resources and information online.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:33:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720983295
  • Space as the ideological state apparatus (ISA): the invisible fetter on
           social movements in China
    • Authors: Yipeng Xi, Aaron Ng
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Contrary to existing literature analyzing how public spaces are strategic mobilization resources for activists, we focus on the inconspicuous constraints placed by the state on public spaces that limit their utility as mobilization resources. Employing the spatial dimensions of social movement theory and Althusser’s state power theory analyze an activism case in Guangzhou, China, we argue that through everyday spatial governance by the state, public spaces in China are also forms of ideological state apparatuses that latently disrupt activists’ attempts to engage in contentious spatial practices to gain resources through media coverage. We further propose the concept of ‘spatial inertia’, which are durable, routine, and diversified spatial meaning-making practices mediated through media coverage that affect the success of social movements. This paper complements social movement scholarship by examining how the state, through latent processes exercised using public spaces as ideological state apparatuses, competes with and subverts activists’ efforts to use these spaces as strategic resources for collective mobilization, especially in authoritarian contexts.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-19T08:51:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720977302
  • Defusing moral panic: Legitimizing binge-watching as manageable,
           high-quality, middle-class hedonism
    • Authors: Kobe De Keere, Estrelle Thunnissen, Giselinde Kuipers
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The rise of video-on-demand streaming services has facilitated more intensive television watching. When novel consumption behaviors emerge, cultural intermediaries may be mobilized to make sense of it and potentially legitimize it. This often takes place by raising moral panic, as it draws attention to new cultural practices and asks tastemakers to take a stance. The current study takes “binge-watching” as a discursive anchor point to investigate this process. We argue that moral panic is not only a strategy that can be employed to condemn cultural practices, but by deflecting moral concerns through mechanisms of social distinction, it can also allow intermediaries to normalize new cultural phenomena. Through inductive and deductive coding of U.S. news articles on binge-watching (n: 681), we discern three pathways through which intensive video-on-demand watching is reframed: first, the shows that are binge-watched are high quality; second, binge-watching can be controlled, at least by the right type of audiences; and third, binge-watching is fun, in that if undertaken in moderation, it can be good for viewers. All three pathways resonate strongly with new middle-class dispositions. This study shows how the legitimization of new cultural boundaries demands an interplay between social distinction and moralization.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-16T11:33:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972315
  • Mind the (cultural) gap: International news channels and the challenge of
           attracting Latin American audiences
    • Authors: Pablo Sebastian Morales
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the role of cultural proximity in the perception of international news channels in Latin America by focusing on the cases of CGTN (China), RT (Russia) and HispanTV (Iran). Instrumental to the public diplomacy strategies of their home countries, the success of international broadcasters depends on if/whether audiences accept them. Based on a series of focus groups conducted in Mexico and Argentina, this article argues that cultural proximity strongly influences viewers’ aesthetic experience. The findings show that international broadcasters from culturally distant countries bridge the cultural gap by evoking the style of western broadcasters while dissociating themselves from perceived negative images of their own countries of origin. At a deeper level, cultural proximity entails inclusionary and exclusionary processes even within subcultural spheres. Finally, the findings also show how issues of representation can undermine channel identification by audiences.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T11:54:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972307
  • Folk theories of algorithms: Understanding digital irritation
    • Authors: Brita Ytre-Arne, Hallvard Moe
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article draws on the framework of “folk theories” to analyze how people perceive algorithms in the media. Taking algorithms as a prime case to investigate how people respond to datafication in everyday media use, we ask how people perceive positive and negative consequences of algorithms. To answer our question, we conduct qualitative thematic analysis of open-ended answers from a 2019 representative survey among Norwegians, identifying five folk theories: algorithms are confining, practical, reductive, intangible, and exploitative. We situate our analysis in relation to different application of folk theory approaches, and discuss our findings in light of emerging work on perceptions of algorithms and critiques of datafication, including the concept digital resignation. We conclude that rather than resignation, digital irritation emerges as a central emotional response, with a small but significant potential to inspire future political action against datafication.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T10:37:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972314
  • Differentiation of series and tastes for TV series: The French case
    • Authors: Clément Combes, Hervé Glevarec
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In the field of cultural practice, TV series emerged in the 1990s as a radically renewed cultural object and has met a growing audience. Much has been written about the renewal of the genre, but little, thus far, about the sociology of its viewership. Based on a representative survey of the practices and preferences of French adults, conducted in 2017, this article assesses the hypothesis of a differentiation of taste and practices for TV series. It draws on a factorial analysis and a hierarchical classification of TV series to examine the factors structuring this practice. It appears that the practice of series articulates three kinds of differentiation: by series (long tail), by uses (television vs new media), and by tastes (socio-existential questioning expressed by the age and socio-political anchoring of viewers).
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T10:37:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720977277
  • Whose pedagogy is it anyway' Decolonizing the syllabus through a
           critical embrace of difference
    • Authors: Sulafa Zidani
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The higher-education student body in the United States is increasingly diverse. Diversity and transnationalism are present in the classroom through the increased numbers of students and instructors who are international and/or non-White-identifying. However, syllabi in media, communication, and cultural studies remain centered around an orthodox body of literature that has come to be conceived of as the canon, consisting of scholars who are mostly white, male, and U.S.-American or European. This essay brings communication, culture, and media studies theories into conversation with critical pedagogy to suggest changes in the organization of syllabi and class activities. Namely, I use participatory culture, critical and decolonial pedagogical theories, and Black and transnational feminist pedagogy, to suggest a critical embrace of different as an approach for designing syllabi that center the students rather than the Western-rooted tradition. This paper is part of the critical body of knowledge that pushes for a decolonizing and transnationalizing intervention in higher education.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T10:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720980922
  • Fake news as fake politics: the digital materialities of YouTube
           misinformation videos about Brazilian oil spill catastrophe
    • Authors: André Luiz Martins Lemos, Elias Cunha Bitencourt, João Guilherme Bastos dos Santos
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates misinformation chains – fake news and clickbait – related to the 2019 oil spill along the coast of Northeast Brazil. A link between the intensive use of misinformation on YouTube and the environmental impact of digital media and algorithmic performativity has been found by analyzing videos about the 2019 Brazilian oil spill. A total of 591 YouTube videos were extracted based on a search for the hashtags ‘oleononordeste’, ‘vazamentopetroleo’, and ‘greenpixe’. The data thus obtained suggest that most of the corpus (80.37%) consists of misinformation, of which 65.82% (389 videos) is clickbait and 14.55% (86 videos) fake news. YouTube misinformation videos produced around 1.42 MtCO2e, the equivalent of burning 3.30 barrels of oil. We argue that misinformation chains increase pollution and carbon footprint as a result of at least three factors: (a) the extra energy cost of feeding algorithms; (b) increased algorithmic resistance to the visibility of journalistic information; and (c) undermining public debate about environmental catastrophes in favor of private interests (fake politics).
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-04T11:32:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720977301
  • Domesticating dating apps: Non-single Chinese gay men’s dating app use
           and negotiations of relational boundaries
    • Authors: Shangwei Wu
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Dating app use is prevalent among non-single Chinese gay men. Applying domestication theory, this study explores how dating apps can be accepted in gay romantic relationships. The author argues that the domestication of technological artifacts unfolds on four dimensions: the practical, the symbolic, the cognitive, and the relational. Findings show that dating apps serve a dual role: a pool of sexual or romantic alternatives and a channel to the gay community. Although the former constitutes a threat to monogamy, the latter leaves room for a couple’s negotiation for acceptable but restricted uses. This negotiation is in tandem with the negotiation of relational boundaries, which leads to either the reinforcement of monogamy or the embrace of non-monogamy. Meanwhile, one can perceive dating apps to be as unremarkable as other social media platforms. This is achieved through a cognitive process where gay men learn to debunk the arbitrary association between dating apps and infidelity. Monogamous or not, they put faith in user agency, not perceiving dating apps as a real threat to romantic relationships.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-04T11:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720974240
  • ‘Yo Te AMLO’: Sentimentalism, threat and affective flows in political
           campaign song videos in Mexico
    • Authors: Andrew Green
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Campaign song created as part of Mexico’s 2018 national election, usually circulated as part of music videos, produced citizenship as intimate, sentimental, affectionate and partial. In music videos published online, often anonymously, musicians sought to develop affective links with political candidates, negotiating intimate pathways for the construction of democratic subjectivities. Such videos pose difficult questions for the notion of the rational, information-driven voter. In this article I take a partly ethnographic, partly analytical approach to explore the rich set of affordances these videos present for the construction of political coalitions within emerging democracies. Exploring Brian Massumi’s theory of ‘ontopower’, I show how overlaps between threat and love served to heighten political indeterminacy, and demonstrate some of the perverse effects of this affective entanglement on the musicians involved. These videos, I highlight, raise questions about the power relations between political campaigns and audiovisual creativity in an increasingly rich media landscape.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T09:32:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720974248
  • Political discussion as a propaganda spectacle: propaganda talk shows on
           contemporary Russian television
    • Authors: Petr Gulenko
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the mechanisms used by the creators of Russian political talk shows to turn public discussion into a propaganda display. Analysis of three popular shows demonstrates that informational selectiveness combined with an illusion of equal representation among guests with opposing views are the main mechanisms in the process of pre-production. The roles chosen by talk show hosts demonstrate the various communicative techniques used to achieve propaganda objectives, while the major propagandistic tool is discrediting opponents of the Russian authorities. The reactions of the audience are framed to create a fictitious background of ‘nationwide support’ for the propaganda discourse.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T09:32:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720974230
  • Writing between the ‘red lines’: Morocco’s digital media
    • Authors: Abdelfettah Benchenna, Dominique Marchetti
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article presents an overview of the emergence of online news sites, which has radically altered news provision and media consumption patterns in Morocco. This sector has rapidly become a strategic site. Firstly, its precedence over print media and national television networks does not only stem from the high traffic figures of news websites. Along with certain social platforms, these websites are the only vehicules for 24/7 news in a country which currently has just one such news channel and where, in spite of the ‘liberalisation’ of media, national networks provide very institutionalised news programs based on the activities of the state official institutions and of the monarchy. Secondly, certain domestic Arabic-language news websites have become the main platform for the voicing of political dissent. Based on 31 interviews, the article briefly describes the historical development of the online press, since the ‘February 20th Movement’ of 2011. This case study provides a good example of the new challenges surrounding the control of information: an issue long shaped by the limitation of news provision to duly authorised political and journalistic organisations and by limited ‘demand’ resulting from widespread illiteracy. This article describes how the Moroccan establishment react to the explosive growth of online news media by creating new mechanisms to control it.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:34:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972316
  • Techno-emotional mediations of transnational intimacy: social media and
           care relations in long-distance Romanian families
    • Authors: Donya Alinejad
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The transnational circulation of intimate care is increasingly mediated by digital communications. Research conceptualizing long-distance emotional intimacy in terms of ‘care chains’ has been influential in understanding international care economies. Yet, this framework has limitations for theorizing the role of media in communications of care. With a focus on the ‘left-behind’ family members of Romanian economic migrants, this paper investigates how the use of social media apps and mobile devices within the context of a major intra-EU labor migration phenomenon helps people stay in touch with their transnationally mobile loved ones. It draws on interview material elicited among the close family members of Romanian labor migrants living in Bucharest and surrounding areas. The analysis focuses on the sensory role of social media platforms and the materiality of smartphones in shaping relations of long-distance emotional care. Showing how video calling and photo sharing practices produce emotional experiences that are specific to contemporary combinations of platform-device technicity and social sensitization, the paper argues for conceptualizing transnational care as a mediated emotional experience. By theorizing the role of media in how care is not merely transferred but felt through mediation, the paper demonstrates how media practices produce a techno-emotional mediation of transnational care.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:34:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972313
  • From asymmetric dependency to discursive disengagement: How social
           movements and the media/public talked past each other
    • Authors: Hao Cao
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Social movement-media/public interaction has been largely examined from the lens of “asymmetric dependency” in which both movements’ representation and self-understanding are mainly shaped by their media and public opinion environment. The introduction of digital technologies, however, has diversified this discursive environment and seemed to reverse the uneven dynamics. Using a case study of a protest campaign organized by Chinese American immigrants, this study demonstrates a new pattern of movement-media/public dynamics that goes beyond the “asymmetric dependency” model or its obverse. In the aftermath of a Chinese American police officer who shot a black man to death, Chinese immigrants stood with him and deliberated on WeChat, a China-based digital platform engineered like a “walled garden.” The technolinguistic enclosure of the platform facilitated the development of a separate interpretative universe in the WeChatsphere vis-à-vis the one in the mediasphere. Later, even when immigrant protesters confronted the public in the Twittersphere, they continued talking past each other. By unpacking the decoupling processes between movements and the media/public, this study shifts the research focus from understanding their interaction to examining their disengagement, as well as the “filter bubble” effects that contribute to contemporary fragmentation and polarization in political and civic engagements.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:33:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972317
  • Diversity and data: an ontology of race and ethnicity in the British Film
           Institute’s Diversity Standards
    • Authors: Clive James Nwonka
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article addresses the role of data in the analysis of racial diversity in the UK film industry. Due to the prolonged poor representation of racial difference, academic researchers increasingly identify the UK film sector as a particular site of multi-dimensional structural inequalities. This article will assess the impact of data-led interventions made by the UK film industry to increase the presence of BAME individuals within the sector. It will do this through an analysis of the policy approach of the UK’s lead body for film, the British Film Institute, examining how one major policy initiative, the BFI’s Diversity Standards launched in 2016 as an industry intervention into prevailing sector inequalities, has sought to achieve racial diversity and inclusion across its Film Fund-supported film productions between 2016 and 2019. Analysing cross-sectional data from 235 films which is aggregated across differing film genres, budgets and regions, the study assesses how the outcomes of the Diversity Standards have offered a representation of racial diversity across these production areas.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-10T09:33:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960926
  • Buying on Weixin/WeChat: Proposing a sociomaterial approach of platform
    • Authors: Weiying Peng, Wilfred Yang Wang
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the social-commercial activity of microcommerce (wei shang), which has become popular on Weixin (WeChat), one of the most popular messenger applications/social app installed on smartphones in China. By drawing on the notion of platform affordances and data collected from mixed methods centered on the analysis of primary and secondary data, we contend that microcommerce embodies Weixin’s structural (political economy) and cultural (social lives and norms) qualities in China. While microcommerce might have emerged from Weixin’s ecosystem, which is defined by corporate interest and state’s regulatory power, the practice of microcommerce is embedded within the traditional Chinese notion of shuren guanxi (familiar, non-stranger social relational) networks. This article puts forward a sociomaterial approach as a possible conceptual complement to the existing political economy approach of platform studies to call for greater attention to the intersection and interaction between the structural arrangements and social conditions of platform media.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-04T09:19:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720968460
  • Migration, non-use, and the ‘Tumblrpocalypse’: Towards a unified
           theory of digital exodus
    • Authors: Emory James Edwards, Tom Boellstorff
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we use what we provisionally term the ‘2018 Tumblr migration’ to explore how (1) platform ‘non-use’ and (2) platform ‘migration’ are overlapping aspects of a broader phenomenon of digital ‘leaving’ or exodus. A unified analysis of this phenomenon has important consequences for understanding emergent relationships between individual agency, platform structure, and online culture. The sociotechnical practices of leaving resulting from the 2018 Tumblr adult content ban link up to fundamental questions around movement, selfhood, and power. We discuss non-use as an overlapping and interacting set of social decisions largely (and perhaps unsurprisingly) disincentivized by the technical affordances of the platform, as well as migration as a shifting and reconfiguring of platform specific social relations. Placing classic questions of social theory in conversation with scholarship on platform socialities, we explore the 2018 Tumblr purge/migration to elucidate the polyvalent technical and social actions involved in ‘leaving’.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-04T09:18:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720968461
  • Media scarcity in an age of information abundance: the case of MK veterans
    • Authors: Greg Elmer
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This paper questions the dominant attention economy and media abundance framework in media studies by questioning the mediated politics of ‘media scarce’ communities and individuals. Focusing on the armed wing of the African National Congress (MK), the paper questions how media scarcity affects a group’s ability to engage in public campaigns, given their lack of historical media documentation. The paper analyzes how the MK developed various media tactics to overcome their lack of media documentation, both during the fight against the Apartheid state and in present day campaigns for military veterans’ rights.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-30T12:32:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720968173
  • Digital mourning on Facebook: the case of Filipino migrant worker live-in
           caregivers in Israel
    • Authors: Deby Babis
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The practice of mourning on social media, known as digital mourning, has become a worldwide phenomenon. While scholarly attention focuses on manifestations of online grief, there is a dearth of research regarding this process among immigrants. Based on a digital ethnography on Facebook on the Filipino community in Israel, this study inquires how migrant workers construct their mourning on digital networks. Focusing on grief upon death in the host country, two different practices of digital mourning were found. When Filipino live-in caregivers announce the loss of their elderly employers, their personal pain is shared on their own Facebook wall, receiving personal condolence comments. However, when a fellow Filipino migrant worker passes away, the pain is shared in closed community groups on Facebook, which are followed by thousands of condolence comments. This practice creates a communal feeling that can be termed Communal Digital Grief, and differs from the Personal Digital Grief experienced by migrants as a result of the loss of their employer. This study sheds light on two different practices of digital mourning. One appears on the personal Facebook walls of the bereaved and has therapeutic impact, while the other appears on closed Facebook groups and contributes to community building.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T06:42:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957550
  • Themes and tones of cannabis news reports and legalization outcomes
    • Authors: Michael Lynch
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This project analyzed print news articles on cannabis legalization that were published in 2015 (N = 295) from newspapers across the United States. The following year, 2016, saw more states legalize cannabis for adult use and medical use than before. Therefore, one goal of this research was to investigate the relationship between reports on cannabis legalization and subsequent legal changes that occurred in states that reformed their cannabis laws. Findings reveal that cannabis legalization issues are reported in the media with tones that favor, oppose, or are neutral toward cannabis legalization. Overall, cannabis legalization stories were reported with a neutral tone. Additionally, arguments about whether cannabis should be legalized are framed using criminological, economic, medical, and political themes. The political theme emerged most frequently in all reports. Findings indicate that there is an association between the tone of positive reporting and subsequent cannabis legalization in states where those reports originated. These findings have implications for allowing policymakers and healthcare professionals to build on their existing knowledge of the relationship between media, public opinion, and emerging cannabis policy. Finally, this study provides some context for the connection between a story’s theme, tone, and how they can shed light on cannabis legalization outcomes.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T06:42:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960905
  • A [White] Cyborg’s Manifesto: the overwhelmingly Western ideology
           driving technofeminist theory
    • Authors: Julia R DeCook
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      ‘A Cyborg Manifesto’ is a required reading in many graduate programs to explore technofeminism, transhumanism, and studies of science and technology to explore notions of gender, race, and other minoritized identities. However, in this essay, I note the ways that Haraway’s piece still exacerbates categories of difference, and my own difficulties and critiques of the cyborg identity. I encourage readers to not only consider its importance, but also the limits of the cyborg identity, and how the concept of cyborg itself is fraught with a Western, patriarchal violence that cannot be ignored in the greater context of technology and technological innovation. Although useful in imagining a departure from traditional categories of difference, I inquire as to whether it upholds the very things it purported to dismantle, and explore other scholars’ works in challenging the concept. Ultimately, ‘cyborgs’ are not outside of the politics within which they exist, and must be interpreted in relation to other identity categories without upholding whiteness and Western epistemologies as the center.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-28T09:36:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957891
  • Mutual affordances: the dynamics between social media and populism
    • Authors: Jeroen Hopster
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In a recent contribution to this journal Paolo Gerbaudo has argued that an ‘elective affinity’ exists between social media and populism. The present article expands on Gerbaudo’s argument and examines various dimensions of this affinity in further detail. It argues that it is helpful to conceptually reframe the proposed affinity in terms of affordances. Four affordances are identified which make the social media ecology relatively favourable to both-right as well as left-wing populism, compared to the pre-social media ecology. These affordances are neither stable nor uniquely fixed: they change in concordance with ongoing technological developments and in response to political events. Even though these dynamics can be quick-moving, a fairly stable alliance of interests between social media and populism seems to have emerged over the last decade. This raises the plausibility that as long as the current social media ecology persists, populist tendencies will remain prevalent in politics.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-24T07:45:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957889
  • Post-gay television: LGBTQ representation and the negotiation of
           ‘normal’ in MTV’s Faking It
    • Authors: Whitney Monaghan
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      LGBTQ representation has dramatically increased on US television over the past two decades. While many media scholars highlight the importance of LGBTQ characters moving from television’s margins to the mainstream, others critique this increase in visibility. They argue that media mainstreaming promotes neoliberalism through post-gay or post-queer sensibilities. This article moves beyond quantitative studies of LGBTQ representation to map and interrogate neoliberal discourses within narrative television produced in the United States. It examines how a specific set of post-gay politics characterized by themes of ‘tolerance, acceptance and genuine love’ mask a troubling politics of normalization. This article demonstrates how these ideas have been reproduced in adult gay and lesbian characters on mainstream US television series, and subsequently negotiated by the gender and sexually diverse youth of contemporary teen television. Taking MTV’s Faking It as a primary case study, this article demonstrates how youth-oriented media both embrace and critique the neoliberal ideology of the post-gay era.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-24T07:44:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957553
  • The concept of authorial legacy in polarised debate on the ethics of
           social media-driven activism
    • Authors: Arjun Rajkhowa
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This commentary describes a case from India that illuminates challenges associated with contentious political engagement among activists on social media. It specifically highlights what is posited as a disjuncture between two distinct modes of interpretation of political legitimacy in the domain of gender justice activism, and analyses how the delegitimisation of activists’ legacy can polarise political engagement on social media. It highlights how an absence of ethical engagement can lead to a distortion of activists’ legacies of actual participation in civil and political society, and asks how this distortion may inflect public conception of the ethics of social media-driven activism. It builds on work analysing the emancipatory potential (and pitfalls) of political engagement on social media.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-23T06:53:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957888
  • From scheduling to trans-programming
    • Authors: Hanne Bruun
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Based on findings from a production study, this article explores and discusses the impact of streaming on television scheduling. Especially within public service television companies, scheduling for traditional linear television is currently transforming into what this article terms trans-programming. This development makes the work of the schedulers more important as well as more difficult than ever. The article argues that this development is a result of the integration of linear channels and non-linear services within the companies’ portfolios, which is leading to a merger between linear and non-linear promotion and distribution strategies for the content. A trans-programme is being produced, and this is becoming the key competitive tool in the current transformation of the television industry. The focus on the trans-programme involve organisational changes, but in train with this it actualises new and familiar issues and dilemmas in the production culture involving commissioning. These issues call for further research.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-16T07:15:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957556
  • Right-wing populism and the criminalization of sea-rescue NGOs: the
           ‘Sea-Watch 3’ case in Italy, and Matteo Salvini’s communication on
    • Authors: Carlo Berti
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The contemporary outbreak of right-wing populism in combination with increasing migratory flows toward Europe raises concerns about the social construction of migrations and migrants and the policy orientations toward them. Research indicated worrying tendencies to perceive migrations negatively and criminalize migrants. However, this paper focuses on a different tactic adopted by a number of populist forces: the criminalization of sea-rescue NGOs. In particular, it presents the case-study of Sea-Watch 3, an NGO sea-rescue vessel which docked in Italy with several migrants on board in June 2019, after a long struggle with Minister of Internal Affairs Matteo Salvini, the leader of the League (a right-wing, anti-migrants populist party). By means of content analysis, the paper discusses Salvini’s Facebook communication strategy about the event. The aim of this study is to cast new light on how the criminalization of NGOs can be exploited to reinforce other aspects of right-wing populism, such as anti-elitism, nationalism, exclusionary politics, personalization, and polarization. In this respect, the implications of criminalizing sea-rescue NGOs for policy orientations and policymaking are also highlighted.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-16T07:14:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957564
  • Domestication outside of the domestic: shaping technology and child in an
           educational moral economy
    • Authors: Carolina Martínez, Tobias Olsson
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the usability of domestication theory in an educational setting integrating a wide variety of information and communication technologies (ICTs). More specifically, the article analyses domestication of digital media in the Swedish leisure-time centre (LTC), an institution in which children receive education and care before and after compulsory school. The study draws on qualitative in-depth interviews with 21 teachers as well as observations of LTCs. The article reveals what it means to have limited agency as an educator when ICTs are appropriated, and further illustrates the contradictory fact that mobile phones are objectified as stationary technologies. It also shows how both devices and content are incorporated in ways that are perceived suitable to the LTCs’ educational moral economy. An especially interesting finding is the extent to which domestication theory sheds light on power relations when applied outside of the domestic sphere.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-12T07:53:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720948011
  • Social personalities in sports: an analysis of the differences in
           individuals’ self-presentation on social networks
    • Authors: Thomas Horky, Christoph G Grimmer, Cora Theobalt
      First page: 3
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      People use the various social media very differently. And such activity clearly demonstrates how usage establishes notably differentiated characters and behaviours. This article bases itself on Goffman to apply his theory on people’s self-presentation to the field of social networks and to analyse such behaviour through various examples. Accordingly, we have quantitively and qualitatively investigated social media accounts on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram for 15 people in Germany from three different areas (sports, media/entertainment and politics). Our results allow us to determine clear differences in usage of different social media channels between the groups of people, but also among the sportspersons, above all regarding extent, way used or authenticity. We, therefore, advocate in future discussing multiple social personalities in social media instead of the appearance on it.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-25T07:37:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960922
  • Rebel with a cause: the framing of climate change and intergenerational
           justice in the German press treatment of the Fridays for Future protests
    • Authors: Lena von Zabern, Christopher D Tulloch
      First page: 23
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigates the representation of the Fridays for Future strikes in the German online newspapers, Zeit Online and Through a qualitative and quantitative content analysis over the time period August 2018 to March 2019, eight frames have been identified. Whereas Zeit Online shows a framing towards intergenerational justice, the coverage of and strongly adheres to the protest paradigm. The majority of all articles guarantees protesters a voice, but this voice is often reduced to apolitical testimonies and the protesters’ self-agency is undermined through disparagement. German media coverage thus tends to reproduce existing power structures by marginalizing and depoliticizing the political agenda of a system critical protest. Although this framing feeds into the shift of the climate change discourse towards adaptation, the study shows that the idea of climate change as an issue of intergenerational justice and children’s rights has become part of the media’s agenda.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-09T05:46:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960923
  • The turn to regulation in digital communication: the ACCC’s digital
           platforms inquiry and Australian media policy
    • Authors: Terry Flew, Derek Wilding
      First page: 48
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article provides an overview of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) Digital Platforms Inquiry, as a case study in the new thinking about digital platform regulation taking place in many nations. With its focus upon the impact of digital platforms on news and journalism, the ACCC Inquiry parallels other reviews, such as the Cairncross Review on the Future of Journalism in the United Kingdom. While the Inquiry had a somewhat ‘accidental’ history, the core issues that it raised have acquired considerable political resonance in Australia. The concept of harms provides a useful lens through which to understand the ACCC’s focus, as it identified harms caused by the market dominance of Google and Facebook for traditional news media businesses, and for consumers and citizens. Responding to the ACCC Final Report will present challenges in identifying the public good dimension of journalism and who should pay for it, the scope and reach of digital platform regulation and its relationship to media policy and regulation, and the scope for small nations to effectively manage the power of global digital platform giants.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T06:35:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720926044
  • Conditioned integration during security crises: the role of Israeli sports
           media from 1996 to 2014
    • Authors: Chen Kertcher
      First page: 66
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study examines peace journalism as manifested toward the Israeli Arab minority in a time of seven security crises from 1996 to 2014 in the Israeli Hebrew sports media. Studies of peace journalism in periods of crises focus mainly on political news and find that the media largely conform to alienation practices. This study argues that sports media encourage a ‘conditional integration’ of all actors that participate in the sport. The sports media have three strategies: acknowledging a notion of ‘normalcy’ in which Arabs encourage the maintenance of the sports season at the national and international levels, curtailing alienation practices such as condemning racism and objection to boycott of Arab teams, and encouraging integration that allows the Israeli-Arabs to have a unique voice, as long as they do not openly adopt anti-Israel political stances such as making pro-Hamas or Hezbollah statements. Therefore, sports sections in the news can deepen our understanding of the diverse role of media in times of security crises.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-17T07:16:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720948012
  • Listening as a citizenship practice post-Arab Spring: mediated civic
           listening as a struggle, duty and joy in Urban Morocco
    • Authors: Katharina Schmoll
      First page: 84
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Where options to speak out and to find recognition are limited, it is tempting to explore citizens’ engagement from an angle of self-expression. With the so-called Arab Spring, narratives about ‘Arabs speaking out’ gained prominence in Western publics, highlighting Arabs’ civic engagement, and also countering long-standing Western images of Arabs as passive and/or violent. In contrast, building on ethnographic research with Moroccan urban women affiliated with the Islamic-oriented Justice and Development Party, this article identifies and discusses listening as a critical media practice. Notably, this article suggests recognising listening as a valuable active citizenship practice next to practices of voice. As a critical part of emerging civic cultures in the Arab world, listening helps revealing understudied links between civic knowledge, listening, civic engagement and empowerment. In this endeavour, this article discusses the interviewees’ mediated listening practices for civic knowledge as a duty, struggle and joy pertaining to authoritarianism, class and gender issues, illustrating how reciprocal listening and knowledge redistribution are used as a civic engagement and empowerment strategy. The article aims to contribute to debates on Arab-mediated civic cultures as well as the concept of listening that has previously been discussed mainly in the context of Western democracies.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-07-21T12:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939455
  • Rethinking participatory video in the times of YouTube
    • Authors: David Montero Sánchez
      First page: 101
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Participatory video emerged in the late 1960s with a view to harnessing video technology in order to promote community building and develop critical awareness. It involves a wide range of practices that revolve around non-professionals collaborating in the task of making a facilitated, collective video in the topic of their choice. Consensual decision-making and iterative cycles of filmmaking alongside reflection and analysis represent milestones of traditional PV practice. Over the last 50 years, PV has fostered a heterogeneous community of practice that includes NGOs, scholars, and a number of social transformation collectives in the field of communication for development. This article examines the ways in which the PV community of practice has negotiated the emergence and hegemony of digital video-making, video equipped smartphones, and online video platforms. Methodologically, the text departs from an extended survey among experienced practitioners and focuses on case-studies involving perceived key actors within the PV community in relation to digital culture. The article also critically discusses the role of YouTube as the epitome of contemporary, digital participatory cultures. The overarching hypothesis that pervades this research foregrounds the concern that digital technology might actually be contributing to the transformation of participatory cultures into merely expressive exercises.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-08T10:09:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720948017
  • How news went guerrilla marketing: a history, logic, and critique of brand
    • Authors: Michael Serazio
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      For decades, product placement and branded content have invaded more entertainment-oriented media forms; today, the rise of brand journalism (i.e. native advertising and content marketing) suggests that advertisers are now targeting news as a genre for commercial schemes. This article examines that practice through a critical analysis of advertising industry discourse including 28 in-depth interviews with brand journalism practitioners in the United States along with a decade of trade press coverage. It sketches the first historical trajectory of brand journalism and contextualizes the media industry factors that motivate participants’ exploration of it as a promotional vehicle. Drawing upon guerrilla marketing theory, this article further documents how brand journalism evinces a fundamental commercial self-effacement at its core – in mimicking journalistic style and substance – and thus portends a redefinition of advertising as a visible mass communication form.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-07-08T09:05:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939489
  • Hierarchies of deservingness and the limits of hospitality in the
           ‘refugee crisis’
    • Authors: Maria Kyriakidou
      First page: 133
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This paper discusses the concept of hospitality as a metaphor for thinking about the relationship between European publics and refugees. In particular, it explores how audiences in Greece discuss the European ‘refugee crisis’ and how, in doing so, construct hierarchies of deservingness of hospitality among different migrant groups reaching the Greek borders. Drawing upon empirical material from focus group discussions, the paper argues that these hierarchies of migrants draw upon media narratives, broader political discourses and cultural beliefs about religion, gender and class. Hospitality, as a metaphor for engaging with the stranger, is illustrated as embedded in national sociohistorical contexts, underlined by stereotypes both about the ‘other’ as well as the national self, and ultimately limited in constructing relations of solidarity between hosts and newcomers.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-09T05:45:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960928
  • Encounters with Western media theory: Asian perspectives
    • Authors: Dal Yong Jin
      First page: 150
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The academic discourse on the West and the East is not new, and it has been commonly believed that non-Western countries must learn from the West in order to develop their own societies. Here, comprehending the notion of the West is considered significant, as it offers a model of comparison. While it is not necessary for the perspectives and process to be radical, it should be convincing to grasp Asia as a formation of a changeable force to the West. Of course, media scholars have to avoid limited perspectives emphasizing only intra-Asian dialogues; instead they must analyze Asian perspectives in the globalization context. What non-Western scholars must contemplate are not only paradigms that are unique to Asian society but also general trends and norms that apply to the globe so that they can identify new trends and directions, which provide fundamentals to advance new theories and norms in global media studies. This certainly contributes to a broadening of media theory and comprehension in a way that takes account of the practices of non-Western countries outside the Anglo-American sphere.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-07-11T10:05:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939482
  • Old and new questions for the public sphere: historicizing its theoretical
           relevance in post–Cold War South Korea
    • Authors: Jiyeon Kang
      First page: 158
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I reflect on the theoretical rise of the public sphere in the 1990s from the vantage point of South Korea, connecting this approach to the broader context of the global post–Cold War transition. The case of South Korea – a postcolonial, authoritarian country with deep geopolitical connections to the West – offers a node of the global embrace of the public sphere in the 1990s for theorizing the transformation of authoritarian countries into liberal capitalist democracies, elevating the distinction between state and civil society as a prominent focus. However, the establishment of authoritarian public spheres in Asia and the illiberal turn of public spheres in the Global North in the 2010s call upon scholars to identify relevant questions regarding current public spheres while addressing what essential components define the public sphere. Here, I call for critical attention to the loci of power and oppression, to the production of critical practices within a particular social configuration, and to coexistence within a civil society. I end the article by proposing a set of suggestions for reading, theorizing, and teaching public sphere theories.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-04T07:07:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939480
  • English as lingua franca. Or the sterilisation of scientific work
    • Authors: Ana Cristina Suzina
      First page: 171
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This essay discusses the impact of defining English as the lingua franca in academia, taking it as an additional barrier to achieving more equitable participation and a diversity of perspectives in scientific publications in the field of communication studies. Two aspects are particularly problematised. The first is the characterisation of a so-called research that travels, contrasting the ideal model of a strategic definition on what materials should be published on which platform with a scoring and evaluation system that prevents or limits intelligence in these choices. The second aspect is the definition of an acceptable level of eloquence for international circulation, in which the domestication of language leads to an epistemological domination. The debate is illustrated with a series of data regarding the (in)visibility of Latin American scientific production in international academic publications. Such barriers are, finally, presented as mechanisms of power that feed the so-called status of #CommunicationSoWhiteAndRich. The reflection suggests that the search for scientific rigour should not be confused with the rigidity of forms, valuing the construction of solidarity networks that contribute to the decolonisation of scientific thought.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-23T06:53:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957906
  • The institutional basis of anglophone western centrality
    • Authors: Afonso de Albuquerque
      First page: 180
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Non-western scholars usually face a dilemma if they want to pursue an international scholarly career: On the one hand, mastering western media theories is mandatory for taking part in international forums and exchanging experiences with people from different parts of the world; on the other hand, these theories are, in many aspects, foreign to their cultural backgrounds and, in many cases, seem inadequate for describing their own societies. My personal contribution to the debate arises from the fact that, although having some experience in participating in Anglophonic communication meetings and publishing in international academic vehicles, I never had first-hand experience, either as a student or as a professor, in American or European universities. In consequence, I was exposed to Western Anglophonic theories without being socialized in a scholarly environment in which they are taken as ‘natural’. Based on this experience, I contend that the global impact of western theories cannot be explained only by their intrinsic merits, but as the result of the socialization of scholars from all parts on the world in western educational institutions, and the networks built around them.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-26T09:01:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957893
  • Pathway outta pigeonhole' De-contextualizing Majority World Countries
    • Authors: David Cheruiyot, Raul Ferrer-Conill
      First page: 189
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Should regional context overshadow theoretical contributions of a doctoral dissertation or an international journal article' In this essay, we argue that expendable region-centricism diminishes the contributions of Majority World Countries to the media and communication discipline. We propose that ‘de-contextualized’ studies – which accentuate the theoretical, conceptual, or methodological import of research – could complement current efforts to decentre knowledge.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-26T09:00:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960907
  • De-territorialized digital capitalism and the predicament of the
           nation-state: Netflix in Arabia
    • Authors: Joe F Khalil, Mohamed Zayani
      First page: 201
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In 2018, Saudi Arabia and Netflix were forced to confront the limits of freedom of speech online. The kingdom requested that the streaming giant remove a critical episode of the satirical show Patriot Act with Hassan Minhaj from its local service, and the latter complied at the risk of reputational damage. Focusing on the controversy surrounding this case, this article explores how both state and business adopt and adapt to changes in technology and how each reasserts its sphere of influence in the digital era. We argue that state and business are developing a symbiotic relationship in the context of de-territorialized digital capitalism. Such a relationship allows both entities to engage in mutual interdependence that accommodates the interests of the other while avoiding harmful consequences and deleterious effects. In practice, the state exercises targeted censorship while businesses abide by controlled compliance. The account and analysis presented regarding the logic of symbiotic relationship draws attention to the various ways in which global media players in the digital era have navigated territoriality and the extent of state–business mutual accommodation.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-06-18T02:50:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720932505
  • Infrastructuralization of Tik Tok: transformation, power relationships,
           and platformization of video entertainment in China
    • Authors: Zongyi Zhang
      First page: 219
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The article contributes to complicate the issue of ‘infrastructuralization of platform’ through an empirical study on China’s video streaming platform, Tik Tok. It aims at exploring how video streaming platform will transform in its infrastructural process and changing powering relationships between different actors in the platform ecosystem. After scrutinizing its technique features, business model, platform discourse, and power relationships with government, it argues that the infrastructural process of Tik Tok is not only embodied in its transformation from an entertainment community to an integrated platform, including services in e-commerce, online education, propaganda, and tourism, but more in its growing power of indispensability entrenched in our society. The main argument will be elaborated in two layers: first, Tik Tok attains its power on commercial monetization, content distribution, and acquisition of data sources through its infrastructural ambition of building a ‘video encyclopedia’ that can be salable, ranked, and archived. Second, Tik Tok has started to engage in fields of propaganda and tourism for city branding in alignment with central and local government. Tik Tok thereby wins its legitimacy in content management and government in turn plays as a role of stakeholder sharing the dividend from its contribution for state’s development goals. Therefore, the article not only fills in the gap of a case study on infrastructural video streaming platform but also intends to highlight changing power relationships between government and platform in the process of infrastructuralization.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-07-21T12:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939452
  • Google’s lens: computational photography and platform capitalism
    • Authors: Sy Taffel
      First page: 237
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Computational photography is currently altering the representational and social functions of photographic imaging. A range of heavily automated computational processing techniques produce images that remediate digital photography to circumvent physical limitations associated with the size of smartphones, emulating the aesthetics associated with larger format digital cameras and professional photographic workflows and practices. These processes include automated compositing where images seen by users are constituted of up to 15 individual frames, the simulation of a shallow depth-of-field, automated facial retouching and even providing automated assistance to suggest alternative frames within the image stream to serve as the base image. This article explores these emerging techniques and accompanying claims that such processes are radically transforming photographic practice. While the extent and modes of automation and algorithmic processing depart from prior practices, contextualising them within the histories of photographic compositing and the algorithmic malleability of digital photography suggests the intensification of existing trends rather than an epistemic break. Furthermore, exploring the representational politics of automated facial retouching and the datafication of images situates these changes within the broader social context of dataveillance and platform capitalism.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T10:11:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939449
  • The virtual stages of hate: Using Goffman’s work to conceptualise the
           motivations for online hate
    • Authors: Daniel Kilvington
      First page: 256
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Cyber hate is increasing. Every 30 seconds, a woman, somewhere, receives an abusive comment on Twitter (Amnesty International). And, it is estimated that around 20% of college students in the United States have been cyber-bullied. This article explores the motivational factors encouraging online hate and abuse. It will draw on Goffman’s seminal work, The Presentation of the Self in Everyday Life, to critically understand online communication, interaction and behaviour. It will define virtual frontstages and virtual backstages. By critically understanding the different characteristics of online and offline communication, it will help us comprehend how Goffman’s dramaturgical model is compromised when applied to online communication. Therefore, the work attempts to update this model, illustrating that virtual stages have blurred which affects behaviours, and exacerbates performances of hate online. As a result, many online platforms have become Virtual Stages of Hate.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972318
  • ‘Absentmindedly scrolling through nothing’: liveness and compulsory
           continuous connectedness in social media
    • Authors: Ludmila Lupinacci
      First page: 273
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Social media fuel a sense of unsettledness to encourage uninterrupted connectivity and generate quantifiable engagement. This article is concerned with the habitual, naturalized character acquired by these platforms and with how this is paradoxically constructed by prompting a permanent state of anticipation. The aim here is to explore, with a phenomenological sensibility, the experiences that emerge in settings of continuous connectedness from the perspective of the people who use these technologies in the context of everyday life – that is, the ‘users’. Theoretically, the entry point is to revisit the claim of liveness – and its shifting relations with issues of sequential flow and eventfulness – and to position it as a central resource in this process, in which users are deliberately encouraged to expect the unexpected even in ‘non-eventful’ situations. Drawing from the thematic analysis of data collected through the diary-interview method with people who live in London and use a range of social media, I examine both how this urge of continuous connectedness operates and the ambivalent experiences it generates. The findings were categorized into five themes: excitement, anxiety, reassurance, fatigue, and responsibility.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-07-11T10:04:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720939454
  • Misogynoir in women’s sport media: race, nation, and diaspora in the
           representation of Naomi Osaka
    • Authors: Sabrina Razack, Janelle Joseph
      First page: 291
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Overt and subtle misogynoir (anti-Black misogyny) pervade sport and sport media, as women in the Black diaspora are rarely in control of sporting regulations or their media representations. One recourse racialized athletes have at their disposal, however, is active resistance. This paper provides a textual analysis of the intolerable misogynoir aimed at tennis professional Naomi Osaka, and key moments in her media (mis)representations. Results revealed three main themes: (1) ongoing misogynoir and colorism of sport media and athlete sponsors; (2) racial, national and diaspora media (mis)representations; and (3) resistance to gendered racism through self-representation. After Osaka’s historic win at the 2018 US Open, narratives of her Japanese nationality and Asian identity became the story that rendered her Blackness invisible, and enabled her to be read against her opponent Serena Williams. Some information and communication technologies (ICTs), including social media, presented counter-narratives and a recognition of the mainstream media vilification and erasure of Black women. At times, ICTs disrupted racist dominant narratives, and counter-narratives of Osaka’s Blackness and position as part of the Haitian jaspora (diaspora) prevailed.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-09T05:45:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960919
  • Hiding hate speech: political moderation on Facebook
    • Authors: Bente Kalsnes, Karoline Andrea Ihlebæk
      First page: 326
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Facebook facilitates more extensive dialogue between citizens and politicians. However, communicating via Facebook has also put pressure on political actors to administrate and moderate online debates in order to deal with uncivil comments. Based on a platform analysis of Facebook’s comment moderation functions and interviews with eight political parties’ communication advisors, this study explored how political actors conduct comment moderation. The findings indicate that these actors acknowledge being responsible for moderating debates. Since turning off the comment section is impossible in Facebook, moderators can choose to delete or hide comments, and these arbiters tend to use the latter in order to avoid an escalation of conflicts. The hide function makes comments invisible to participants in the comment section, but the hidden texts remain visible to those who made the comment and their network. Thus, the users are unaware of being moderated. In this paper, we argue that hiding problematic speech without the users’ awareness has serious ramifications for public debates, and we examine the ethical challenges associated with the lack of transparency in comment sections and the way moderation is conducted in Facebook.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-16T07:14:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957562
  • How to think about media policy silence
    • Authors: Luzhou Li
      First page: 359
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Using ‘media policy silence’ as a construct, this article discusses three types of policy practices that are marked by policy opacity rather than policy visibility, by the absence of formal policy or ‘un-decisions’ rather than decisions and by policy inertia rather than intervention. They are, respectively, first, the ‘elephant in the room’ type of silence that mostly refers to lacunae in policy outcomes and agendas; second, policy ‘undecisions’ (i.e. policy scenarios in which no formal policy decisions take place); and last, ‘considered silence’ that refers to government non-intervention. I will talk about these three different types of media policy silence and their relationships by drawing upon existing literature, using examples from different political and regulatory contexts, and where appropriate, reflecting on the methodological challenges that those silences pose to traditional policy research. To sum up, the article intends to identify the opposite side of the official and formal policy sphere.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-10T12:58:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720948004
  • Digital labour: an empty signifier'
    • Authors: Alessandro Gandini
      First page: 369
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Since the early 2000s, the expression ‘digital labour’ has identified an influential theoretical proposition in the Marxist critique of the political economy of digital media, which sees the leisure-driven, unpaid activities of social media users as unremunerated forms of work contributing to Internet companies’ profits. Over the years, however, this expression has evolved into an umbrella term, used to describe a variety of practices and instances concerning the broader relationship between labour and digital technology – including paid work – often with little or no relation to the original theory. Reflecting on this evolution, this article argues that ‘digital labour’ has become a kind of empty signifier, unable to serve a clearly distinguishable critical or analytical purpose. Focusing on the emergence of platform labour, it shows how ‘digital’ and ‘labour’ have come to be largely inseparable dimensions and discusses the related implications.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-12T07:53:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720948018
  • Social media dissidence and activist resistance in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Trust Matsilele, Pedzisai Ruhanya
      First page: 381
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Dissidents exist in every nation, always have, and perhaps always will – existing in that risky space between being patriots and being enemies of the state. Social media, on the other hand, is a fairly recent tool of communication defined by its heightened ductility in the hands of users. The admixture of social media and political dissidence has thrown many governments in a ceaseless panic, reflected in the raft of legislation enacted to control and constrain cyber activities. This paper studied the ‘social media dissidence’ phenomenon in Zimbabwe in the period 2016 within the context of digital media and the publics in Africa. The periodization understudy is noticeable because it bore witness to a variety of unsettling acts by individuals that provoked panicked responses from the state. Using qualitative data drawn from Facebook and Twitter and deploying Mamdani’s citizen and subject, the study examines the nature of the born-digital dissidence in a sample of two cases, #ThisFlag and #Tajamuka. The paper establishes the possibilities and limitations of deploying social media as a tool for expressing protest and dissidence. The study found that social media dissidence is marked by constant fluidity, transmogrification, crests, and troughs.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-24T07:44:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957886
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