Subjects -> GARDENING AND HORTICULTURE (Total: 37 journals)
Showing 1 - 20 of 20 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus     Open Access  
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annales Horticulturae     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access  
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Dekoratyviųjų ir sodo augalų sortimento, technologijų ir aplinkos optimizavimas     Partially Free  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Horticultural Plant Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Horticulture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Horticultural Research     Open Access  
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Horticultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Horticulture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Landscape Architecture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Landscape History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Landscape Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Landscape Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Polish Journal of Landscape Studies     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas     Open Access  
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Scientia Horticulturae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sibbaldia: the International Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture     Open Access  
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes: An International Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Similar Journals
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Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1644-0692 - ISSN (Online) 2545-1405
Published by Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Effects of different farming systems and crop protection strategies on the
           health status and yield of carrots Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus

    • Authors: Bożena Cwalina-Ambroziak
      Pages: 3 - 17
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of farming systems on the health status of carrots cv. Koral and root yield components. The organic farming system promoted the spread of damping-off of seedlings in the first two wet growing seasons and Alternaria leaf blight in the last growing season with normal precipitation levels. At harvest, the severity of root diseases was low. During storage, carrot roots were susceptible to soft rot, Sclerotinia rot and dry rot. In the integrated farming system, the symptoms of mixed rot were more observed at harvest and after storage, and of dry rot after storage. In the organic farming system, the symptoms of dry rot were more noted at harvest, and the symptoms of crater rot were more observed after storage. During storage, the applied crop protection methods significantly suppressed mixed rot in the integrated farming system, and dry rot in the organic system. The isolation of potential pathogens from carrot petioles and roots confirmed their participation in the disease process. Negative correlations were found between the severity of Alternaria leaf blight vs. the marketable yield of carrots and single root weight in both production systems in selected years of the study.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.1
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Effects of lightless tillage, flame weeding and glufosinate-ammonium on
           weed suppression in summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.)

    • Authors: Andrzej Borowy, Magdalena Kapłan
      Pages: 19 - 34
      Abstract: The objective of this three-year study was to investigate the usefulness of flame weeding, spraying with glufosinate-ammonium and nighttime soil tillage for weed suppression in summer savory. The experiment was arranged in a split-plot design with three experimental factors and four replications. The soil was cultivated with a rotary tiller a day before savory sowing or an hour after sunset on the night preceding sowing, while flaming (90 kg propane∙ha–1) and glufosinate-ammonium (600 g∙ha–1) were applied, depending on the year,  12–22 days after sowing, i.e. after the emergence of weeds and the first savory seedlings. Flaming and glufosinate-ammonium killed all weeds growing during the treatment but they did not prevent new weeds from emerging on the following days. Three weeks later, the number of weeds growing on plots weeded with the flame method and sprayed with glufosinate-ammonium was significantly lower by about 63 and 69%  in comparison to control, respectively, and it was independent of the time of soil tillage. The studied  methods had no effect on weed infestation assessed 3–4 weeks after the first weeding, or on the emergence, plant height and yield of fresh savory herb. The content of oil in dry herb varied from about 1.9% to 2.4% depending on the year while it did not depend on the weeding method. Oil produced by control plants contained 35 compounds making up 99.85% of the total, with the predominant share of carvacrol (45.2–46.8%) and γ-terpinene (34.6–39.9%). Much smaller was the share of α-terpinene (4.8%), p-cymene (2.7–4.0%), myrcene (1.5–2.0%) and α-thujene (1.4–1.8%). The average share of the remaining components did not exceed 1%.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.2
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Tolerance of Berberis thunbergii DC. to greywater irrigation and changes
           in soil quality

    • Authors: Bojana Ratko Bubalo, Jasna M. Grabić, Emina M. Mladenović
      Pages: 35 - 42
      Abstract: Climate changes that lead to an increasing shortage of drinking water (DW) dictate the use of alternative water sources for irrigation. Therefore the aim of this research was to determine the tolerance of plant growth and development of Berberis thunbergii DC. (Japanese barberry) to irrigation with greywater (GW) and to examine changes in chemical properties of soil. The two-year experiment, conducted during vegetation season, was comprised of the following treatments: K (control, 100% DW), T1 (diluted GW containing 50% DW and 50% GW), T2 (100% GW) and T3 (alternating watering with 100% DW and 100% GW). After statistical analyses the results indicate the similarity between the K and T3 treatments in terms of the plant growth and development of new shoots. T1 treatment leads to slower plant growth, whereas T2 treatment leads to slower development of new shoots, but the vitality of the plants was not observed. Application of T1, T2 and T3 treatments resulted in slight salinization of the soil. In general, the results of this research indicated that GW can be used for irrigation of B. thunbergii, preferably with the application of alternating watering T3 treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.3
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Optimizing environmental conditions and irrigation regimes can improve
           grafting success in Persian walnut

    • Authors: Rasoul Sadeghi-Majd, Kourosh Vahdati, Mahmoud Reza Roozban, Mostafa Arab, Mehmet Sütyemez
      Pages: 43 - 51
      Abstract: The propagation of Persian walnut (Juglans regia) using grafting or budding is often difficult due to envi­ronmental factors. Temperature fluctuation and plant water status affect root pressure (xylem sap exudation “bleeding”) during budding or grafting. An experiment was conducted to find the optimum irrigation regime for patch budding (in July) and tongue grafting (in March) of Persian walnut on Juglans regia rootstock un­der three environmental conditions (greenhouse, shade-house and outdoor). The grafted/budded plants were subjected to three irrigation regimes including 1-day, 3-day and 7-day for 4 weeks after grafting/budding. Callus formation and quality, and graft/bud-take were recorded after four weeks. The survival rate and growth of the scions were measured after three months. Based on the results, grafting success under greenhouse, shade-house and outdoor conditions were 66.7%, 42.6% and 17.6%, respectively. The highest graft/bud take (94.4%) was obtained under greenhouse conditions with patch budding. The lowest grafting success (0%) was observed under outdoor conditions with patch budding. Under the greenhouse conditions, irrigation of the grafted plants with 7-day interval resulted in the highest graft success and plant growth. Irrigation with 3-day intervals was the best regime under shade-house conditions, while daily irrigation regime was required to obtain the highest grafting success for the outdoor grown plants. In general, the present experiment re­vealed that modifying outdoor conditions by applying a shade-house equipped by a mist system in warmer area can improve bud-take and success especially in patch budding by 40.76 and 33.1%, respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.4
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Induction of adventitious buds and establishment of an efficient
           regeneration system in Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua

    • Authors: Yin-Kai Xi, Min Yang, QingHong Meng, Hengyu Huang
      Pages: 53 - 62
      Abstract: Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua is not only a widely used traditional Chinese medicine, but also processed into food and cosmetics. However, its large-scale cultivation and application are limited by the low reproduction rate for traditional artificial propagation technology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish an efficient and stable adventitious buds induction system for P. cyrtonema by using one bud rhizome segment as initial explants. The results showed that the optimal medium for the rhizome growth, adventitious buds occurrence and proliferation was MS medium supplemented with 3.0 mg·L–1 BA, 1.0 mg·L–1 NAA and 1.0 mg·L–1 KT, with a proliferation coefficient of 6.5. The best rooting medium was found to be half strength of MS medium with 0.5–1.0 mg·L–1 NAA. The survival rate was higher than 95%. Finally, an asexual rapid propagation system of P. cyrtonema was established, which can provide the technical basis for the development of nursery culture.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.5
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Bud clusters of Spathiphyllum cultivars: a novel way to propagate peace
           lilies in vitro

    • Authors: István Dániel Mosonyi, Andrea Tilly-Mándy, Péter Honfi
      Pages: 63 - 75
      Abstract: A special organ formation appearing on the inflorescences of Spathiphyllum cultivars, which has not been described so far in the literature was studied in vivo and in vitro. Histological examination revealed that they are not callus, but bud-like formulas or dwarf shoots growing in groups, which contain highly differentiated tissues, have a shoot axis, meristematic regions, and leaf primordia. These bud clusters have been shown to be propagable in vitro on both solid and liquid media, for which benzyladenine and thidiazuron cytokinins may be recommended. The process of shoot regeneration from these bud clusters was also investigated, which can be accelerated by inhibitors of gibberellin biosynthesis. This study presents a propagation method which is based on organogenesis, thus providing high genetic stability, while incorporating the advantages of liquid culture, allowing the further development of a simplified large-scale bioreactor propagation system for Spathiphyllum species.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.6
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • In vitro seed germination and shoot proliferation of bat flower (Tacca
           chantrieri Andre)

    • Authors: Ni Made Armini Wiendi, Rezky Y.N. Sushanty, Citra Alunna Sagita, - Krisantini
      Pages: 77 - 86
      Abstract: Tacca chantrieri Andre, or bat flower, is a species from Taccaceae family that has unique inflorescences consisting of large, dark-colored bracts with long whiskers, making it suitable as ornamental pot plants. T. chantrieri leaves and rhizomes contain phytochemicals that have been reported to have medicinal properties. T. chantrieri is increasingly hard to find in their native habitat; their seeds have a very slow and low germination rate, whereas propagation in vivo by division takes a long time. A protocol is presented to optimize seed germination and in vitro propagation of T. chantrieri from West Borneo, Indonesia. We have developed a method to improve in vitro germination of freshly harvested T. chantrieri seeds. Pre-sowing treatment with 5 mg L –1 of GA3 for 5 × 24 h and addition of GA3 at 5 mg L–1 to the MS medium significantly promoted earlier and final germination up to >90% within 10 weeks after sowing compared to without GA3, or immersing in GA3 for shorter durations. MS media supplemented with indole acetic acid (IAA) at 0.5 mgL–1 and benzyl adenine (BA) at 1 or 2 mgL–1 was effective to induce shoot proliferation from in vitro germinated seeds; 7–10 shoots were produced after 12 weeks of culture. Shoot proliferation from basal shoot explants were best on MS supplemented with IAA at 0.5 mgL–1. The results of this study have provided a basis for further mass propagation efforts of T. chantrieri.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.7
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Influence of various types of light on growth and physicochemical
           composition of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) leaves

    • Authors: Monika Figiel-Kroczyńska, Ireneusz Ochmian, Marcelina Krupa-Małkiewiecz, Sabina Lachowicz
      Pages: 87 - 101
      Abstract: It is important to use light that has a positive effect on plants. For plant growers, achieving the lowest possible cost of shrub production is crucial. We investigated the influence of light (white and violet LEDs as well as fluorescent white and red light) on the rooting and growth of blueberry cuttings (V. corymbosum L.) 'Aurora' and 'Huron'. Blueberry cuttings (4 cm tall) were planted into boxes with peat, which were placed in a phytotron at 22 °C and illuminated for 16 hours a day. The plants died under the red fluorescent light source and, therefore, we discontinued its use. The other three light sources had a positive effect on plant growth and development. The light source had little effect on the content of macroelements in the leaves. Plants grown under white fluorescent and white LED light did not significantly differ in the height (22.0-25.8 cm), proline (4.67-7.23 μmol g-1), and polyphenol content (4987-5212 mg 100 g-1). In both cultivars, the violet LED light reduced plant growth and increased the content of polyphenols (6,448 mg 100 g-1) and proline (8.11-9.06 μmol g-1) in the leaves, which may indicate abiotic stress.  During the rooting of highbush blueberry cuttings, it is advisable to use white LED light. It has a positive economic impact on crop production due to low electricity consumption and it benefits the environment by eliminating mercury. The plant quality is similar to that of fluorescent white light.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.8
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Physiological reaction and chemical composition of Stachys schtschegleevii
           Sosn. essential oil under water deficit.

    • Authors: Hamid Mohhamadi, Parya Pormohammad, Mansour Ghorbanpour, Aghaee Aghaee, Saeid Hazrati
      Pages: 103 - 114
      Abstract: Stachys schtschegleevii Sosn. is an endemic medicinal plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family and mainly grown in North-western Iran. Drought stress is an important factor in reducing the yield of medicinal herbs. Water-stress tolerance involves subtle changes in cellular biochemistry. It appears to be the result of the accumulation of compatible solutes and of chemical compositions that can be rapidly induced by osmotic stress. For this purpose, the effect of different irrigation regimes (well-watered and irrigation after depletion of 40% and 70% of field capacity (FC)) were studied in S. schtschegleevii. The experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design in three replications. The results showed that water-deficit had negative effects on shoot dry matter, relative water content, and photosynthetic pigments of the exposed plants. The essential oil (EO) content under water-deficit had an increasing trend. Water-deficit significantly increased total phenol content, proline, H2O2, and malondialdehyde contents. Linalool, β-pinene oxide, α-campholenal
      and germacrene-D were the major compounds of essential oils (EOs) affected by water-deficit stress. Finally, although water deficiency reduces the shoot dry matter yield of the S. schtschegleevii, the accumulation of EO increased as a plant response to water-deficit stress.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.9
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Improving faba bean seed yield, protein and chlorophyll content by foliar
           application of humic acid

    • Authors: Samaneh Roudgarnejad, Morteza Samdeliri, Amirabas Mousavi Mirkalaei, Mojtaba Nasheai Moghaddam
      Pages: 115 - 121
      Abstract: Humic acid (HA) can be considered as an important alternative to chemical fertilizers in sustainable agriculture. For this purpose, an experiment was conducted for two years (2014–2015) as a factorial in the form of randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications in Chalous city. First factor included time of application (T1 – application of HA before planting, T2 – spraying HA at middle of vegetative growth, T3 – spraying HA at early time of reproductive growth). Second factor included the amount of HA as foliar application at four levels (0 (control), 200, 300 and 400 mg l–1 ha–1). The results of the mean comparison show that the highest seed yield was obtained by spraying HA at 200 and 300 mg l–1 ha–1 at the beginning time of reproductive growth and recorded 2821 and 2773 kg ha–1, respectively. The results also show that the highest percentage of protein were recorded by foliar application of HA at 300 mg l–1 ha–1 during T2 treatment. The use of HA at 200 and 400 mg l–1 ha–1 treatments and T2 treatment had the highest protein percentage and protein yield. The results showed that the use of HA at different concentrations had a positive effect on chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll, seed yield and protein yield. Also, the time of application of HA had a significant impact on the measured traits. It seems that foliar application at the early period of reproductive growth has improved growth, increased flower fertility, and seed yield by increasing the absorption of nutrients. According to the results, foliar spraying with 300 mg l–1 ha–1 HA at the T3 is the most appropriate treatment for proper faba bean.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.10
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Genetic diversity of Brassica rapa germplasm of Azad Jammu and Kashmir,
           Pakistan revealed by molecular markers

    • Authors: Rizwan Taj Khan, Madhia Ashraf, Syed Rizwan Abbas, Ansar Mehmood, Sania Begum
      Pages: 123– - 123–
      Abstract: Brassica species commonly known as rapeseed are the second largest oil yielding crop of Pakistan and belongs to the family Brassicaceae. This scientific investigation was carried out to explore the genetic diversity of Brassica rapa from Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Pakistan. Seeds of Brassica rapa L. genotypes of Azad Jammu and Kashmir were collected from Plant Genetic Research Institute (PGRI), National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad Pakistan. CTAB method was used for the extraction of DNA from leaf samples. SSR and ISSR markers were used to explore the genetic diversity and cluster analysis was used for data analysis. Out of 6 SSR markers, Ra2E11 and Na10-E02 showed maximum genetic diversity while Ra2-E07, Ra2-D04, and Na10-D03 showed moderate diversity while Ra2-E01 showed minimum genetic diversity. Among the elected genotypes 026503 (Bhimber), 026514 (Kotli), 026510 (Kotli) and 026539 (Bagh) showed maximum diversity with 6 SSR markers. From 10 ISSR markers ISSR 888 and ISSR 5 showed highest number of bands (7). ISSR 3, ISSR 5, ISSR 888 showed maximum genetic diversity among mustard genotypes, while ISSR 887 and ISSR 840 showed no results and ISSR 2, ISSR 4, ISSR 80, ISSR 811, ISSR 889 showed moderate diversity. Among the selected genotypes 026557 showed maximum diversity with ISSR markers. Based upon the present studies the genotypes 026503, 026514, 026510, 026539 and 026557 had been recognised as probable most significant genotypes which could be used in future plant breeding program.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.11
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Postharvest hydrothermal treatments to maintain quality of
           ‘Newhall’ navel orange.

    • Authors: İbrahim Kahramanoğlu, Volkan Oktan, Chuying Chen, Zengyu Gan, Chunpeng Wan
      Pages: 133 - 141
      Abstract: Hydrothermal treatments are long known curing methods for the improvement of fruits resistance against storage conditions and for controlling fungal pathogens. The optimal conditions of the hydrothermal treatments significantly vary among species and varieties/cultivars. Present research was conducted to measure the storability effect of hot water dipping (HWD). First of all, three different hydrothermal temperatures (45, 50 and 55°C) tested for 3 different HWD durations (3, 4 and 5 min). Hereafter, main studies were performed with 50°C for 5 min HWD treatment which provided highest performance in preliminary experiments. In this main studies, physical, bio-chemical, physiological and enzymatic characteristics of the fruits were also tested with 20 days interval for 120 days of storage. Results suggested that the HWD treatment reduce respiration rate and enhance the activity of some enzymes, mainly polyphenol oxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and helps to preserve physical and bio-chemical quality of ‘Newhall’ navel oranges.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2022.2.12
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Bioactive compounds and antioxidant properties of black elderberry
           (Sambucus nigra L.)

    • Authors: Renata Nurzyńska-Wierdak, Agnieszka Najda, Andrzej Sałata, Anna Krajewska
      Pages: 143 - 156
      Abstract: Abstract. Elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) raw materials are a rich and valuable source of bioactive substances and popular herbal medicine. The research aimed to determine the content of polyphenolic compounds and pigments in leaves, flowers, and wild elderberry fruits and evaluate the antioxidant activity. The raw material was collected in various stages of development, dried in natural conditions and at a temperature of 45/60°C. The presence of polyphenolic compounds was demonstrated: phenolic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and chlorophyll and carotenoids in all tested raw materials. The elderberry flower turned out to be the richest source of total polyphenols (10.04%) and phenolic acids (2.90%), leaf – flavonoids (1.48%), chlorophylls and carotenoids (931.7 and 133.77 mg . 100 g-1 DM, respectively), and the fruit – anthocyanins (0.29 g . 100 g-1 DM). Elderberry extracts were characterised by high antioxidant activity: Sambuci flos > Sambuci fructus > Sambuci folium. Fully ripe elderberry fruit dried at a temperature of 60°C contained finally less moisture and more flavonoids and chlorophyll than harvested at the beginning of ripening.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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