Subjects -> GARDENING AND HORTICULTURE (Total: 37 journals)
Showing 1 - 20 of 20 Journals sorted by number of followers
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Landscape Architecture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Landscape History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Landscape Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Horticulture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes: An International Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Horticulture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientia Horticulturae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Horticultural Plant Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Horticultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Landscape Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Horticultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sibbaldia: the International Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture     Open Access  
Polish Journal of Landscape Studies     Open Access  
Dekoratyviųjų ir sodo augalų sortimento, technologijų ir aplinkos optimizavimas     Partially Free  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
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Landscape Online
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.123
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1865-1542
Published by IALE-D, the International Association for Landscape Ecology – Germany Homepage  [1 journal]
  • A dynamic evaluation of landscape transformations based on land cover data

    • Authors: Iwona Cieślak, Andrzej Biłozor
      Pages: 1097 - 1097
      Abstract: The present era is characterized by unprecedented levels of human activity, which adapt the world to our needs and induce transformations in landscape morphology and physiognomy. The Anthropocene is a remarkable epoch, where changes in space are not only visible, but also confirmed by an extensive body of research. Human activities lead to the creation of numerous tools for measuring the scale of anthropogenic pressure. Satellite and photogrammetric data that broaden our field of vision and change the scale of reference from local to global or even beyond global. These data support observations of the present condition of the surrounding space as well as the rate of changes in space. In the present study, land cover data were used to monitor changes in the surrounding landscape. A system for classifying evolutionary changes in space was proposed to monitor land-use transformations and describe landscape stability. The applicability of CORINE Land Cover (CLC) data for such analyses was evaluated. The research hypotheses and the proposed procedure were tested in the Mazovian (Polish: Mazowieckie) Voivodeship and the city of Warsaw, the Polish capital and the central point of the analyzed voivodeship which generates continuous changes in space. The results of the study confirmed the research hypotheses and demonstrated that CLC data are suitable for monitoring spatial changes.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.2022.1097
       
  • Landscape and Perception: A systematic review

    • Authors: Hanieh Jafari Khaledi, Mehdi Khakzand, Mohsen Faizi
      Pages: 1098 - 1098
      Abstract: Accurate knowledge of human perception can help designers to create desirable spaces. An increase in publications from 2000 to 2020 demonstrates that studies in human perception of the landscape are evolving. This systematic review aims to comprehensively review existing knowledge and published papers on human perception concerning landscape to promote these approaches in this field for future research. Therefore, a systematic literature search analysis of 255 articles was drawn from four databases: Scopus, ScienceDirect (Elsevier), SAGE, and Taylor & Francis. Results show that the previous concerns are categorized into four main categories: human, heritage, infrastructure, and landscape characteristics. The results of this paper suggest that in future studies researchers should study the heritage and infrastructures factors and evaluate the potential and effects of these issues in the process of human-environmental interactions.
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.2022.1098
       
  • Archaeological landscape – the past and the present. A case study of the
           megalithic landscape of Wietrzychowice, Poland

    • Authors: Anna Żemła-Siesicka
      Pages: 1099 - 1099
      Abstract: Archaeological landscapes are crucial to understanding the evolution, form and meaning of cultural landscape. This paper presents a complex analysis of the archaeological landscape and its temporal and spatial changes, with particular reference to the last 200 years, using the example of a megalithic landscape with barrows in Wietrzychowice (Poland). The aim of the research was to determine the changes in the structure and function of the landscape and to identify the processes that caused these changes. A complex Model of Archaeological Landscape Analysis (MALA) was proposed which presents the current archaeological landscape and its historical changes both graphically and descriptively. The literature was studied and cartographic research was conducted, and this was supplemented by field visits. The results allowed us to distinguish 6 stages of the life-history of the analysed landscape. The megalithic landscape of Wietrzychowice represents a genetically heterogeneous, homotonous in terms of land cover, reversed (chronologically younger landscape replaced by a chronologically older landscape) stratigraphic type. The most persistent landscape type is the forest. The main processes occurring there were erosion, deforestation, afforestation, barrow construction, excavation and reconstruction. The functions changed from ecological to touristic. The visual role of the barrows as the dominant features of the landscape has varied. This method can be used in landscape protection and planning and in landscape education.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.2022.1099
       
  • Sense of Place in Spatial Planning: Applying Instrumental and Deliberative
           Approaches at the River Lahn

    • Authors: Sarah Gottwald
      Pages: 1100 - 1100
      Abstract: Sense of place offers a theoretical approach for understanding and assessing people-place relationships, which may support spatial planning purposes. However, the integration of sense of place into planning practice is still lacking due to multiple and diverse conceptualizations and assessment approaches as well as lacking adaptation to planning practice. Therefore, my dissertation aimed to explore a systematic integration of sense of place into spatial and landscape planning. To do so, I used Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) and Geodesign methods, and developed and applied a spatial meaningful place indicator, which is comparable with biophysical indicators used in planning practice exemplified by river landscapes. Findings highlight (1) the importance for assessment of place meanings for understanding of people-place relationship including the biophysical context and personal characteristics, (2) the significant and positive correlation between sense of place and environmental stewardship motivation, (3) the potential of integrating sense of place data into landscape design. I provide five actionable recommendations for integrating sense of place into landscape planning, such as exploration of feasibility and usefulness, an early assessment, consideration of appropriate methodological approaches, importance of transparent and inclusive process, and the integration of external support. Finally, based on the lessons learnt within this dissertation main future research directions are proposed, which include the further development of the proposed indicator and strengthening of a progressive perspective on sense of place.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.2022.1100
       
  • Landscape Metrics Explain the Ecological Susceptibility of Terrestrial
           Ecosystems

    • Authors: Mustafa Nur Istanbuly, Mohammad Kaboli, Sara Ahmadi, Gouhang Tian, Magdalena Michalak, Bahman Jabbarian Amiri
      Pages: 1101 - 1101
      Abstract: This study examines the effects of the change in the shape of landscape patches, known as landscape structure, on ecological susceptibility, which is defined using the object-oriented method. The aim is to determine whether ecological susceptibility is influenced by the shape of the landscape patches in the southern basin of the Caspian Sea. The multivariate linear regression approach is applied to discover the extent to which the mean, median, and weighted average of the landscape structure metrics can explain the total variations of the ecological susceptibility. To determine the optimal models, an intermodel comparison is conducted using the Akaike information criterion. Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses were performed to determine how sensitive ecological susceptibility is to changes in the variables of the models and how they behave under varying conditions. The models (0.64≥r2≥0.27, p ≤ 0.05) indicate that the landscape structure metrics can be applied to predict ecological susceptibility. Examining the mean, median, and weighted average of the landscape metrics in estimating ecological susceptibility also reveals that the models made by the mean and median values have less uncertainty than those developed by the weighted average. The results show that the regularity or irregularity in the shape of the landscape patches and the degree of contiguity of the land use/land cover patches can significantly affect ecological susceptibility. Closed deciduous broad-leaf forest patches, closed mixed forest patches, and open mixed forest patches can be considered crucial land use/land covers to estimate ecological susceptibility.
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.2022.1101
       
  • Transformation pathways towards sustainable urban development by the
           inclusion of peri-urban farmland in green infrastructure strategies

    • Authors: Werner Rolf
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Urbanization and agricultural land use are two of the main drivers of global changes with effects on ecosystem functions and human wellbeing. Green infrastructure is a new and promising approach in spatial planning contributing to sustainable urban development, but rarely considers spatial and functional potentials of utilizable agricultural land as an integral part. This doctoral thesis addresses this gap and investigates how peri-urban farmland can promote green infrastructure and sustainable urban development. The results contribute to the conceptual understanding of urban green infrastructures as a strategic spatial planning approach that incorporates inner-urban utilizable agricultural land and the agriculturally dominated landscape at the outer urban fringe. Four strategies are introduced for spatial planning with the contribution to a strategically planned multifunctional network. Finally, this thesis sheds light on the opportunities that arise from the integration of peri-urban farmland in the green infrastructure concept to support transformation towards a more sustainable urban development. This work concludes that the linkage of peri-urban farmland with the green infrastructure concept is a promising action field for the development of new pathways for urban transformation towards sustainable urban development. Along with these outcomes, attention is drawn to limitations that remain to be addressed by future research.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202196
      Issue No: Vol. 96 (2021)
       
  • Social capital as a determinant for raising ecosystem services awareness -
           an application to an Albanian pastoral ecosystem

    • Authors: Elena Kokthi, Elda Muço, Mélanie Requier-Desjardins, Fatmir Guri
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: This paper aims to map the ecosystem services (ES) provided by a reputed agropastoral ecosystem in the south of Albania and ascertain whether social capital affects the level of importance attributed to them. A perception analysis of both buyers and sellers of ES within the pastoral ecosystem is undertaken. The pastoral ecosystem is mainly evaluated for cultural services such as tradition, enhancing the area’s image, and environment ES. The strong inclination towards cultural ES and socioeconomic services indicates a lack of awareness of both buyers and sellers of ES in the local community regarding the environmental aspects of their ecosystem. However, participants showing a higher radius of trust with high linking social capital are more likely to confer very high importance to environmental services. Similarly, the cultural ES (traditional aspect) of the pastoral ecosystem is affected by cognitive and structural social capital. These are interesting findings for public policymaking concerning the opportunity to develop market transaction ES. Its development is more ground-based and effective if participation and civic engagement, especially the Linking dimension, is enhanced in the pastoral community.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202195
      Issue No: Vol. 96 (2021)
       
  • Relationship between parameters of public parks and their surroundings and
           the richness, diversity and species composition of vascular herbaceous
           plants on the example of Krakow in Central Europe

    • Authors: Łukasz Moszkowicz, Izabela Krzeptowska-Moszkowicz, Karolina Porada
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Greenery is a natural value in urban space. To maintain the richness and diversity of greenery, it is necessary to understand the factors and mechanisms that influence vegetation. The purpose of this paper was to determine the impact of selected features of public parks and factors on the richness and diversity of herbaceous plants. In Krakow public parks, this richness and diversity is greater in parks with a larger area and habitat heterogeneity, the presence of migration corridors, and natural elements. Full stand coverage negatively affects diversity. Biologically inactive surface affects richness and diversity as well as a number of different groups of plant species. The presence of rare and non-synanthropic species is related to the park’s surface, natural elements, and its heterogeneity.
      PubDate: 2021-12-23
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202194
      Issue No: Vol. 94 (2021)
       
  • Blue-green infrastructure as a new trend and an effective tool for water
           management in urban areas

    • Authors: Ewelina Pochodyła, Katarzyna Glińska-Lewczuk, Agnieszka Jaszczak
      Pages: 1 - 20
      Abstract: Blue-green infrastructures (BGI) integrate solutions implemented to enhance water management and landscape values for more climateresilient and livable cities. BGI have created an opportunity to renew the natural structure of water balance in cities through the increase in rainwater retention and enlargement of permeable areas. The review of the literature on BGI development and solutions showed that the most popular BGI elements in terms of urban water quantity and quality were rain gardens, green roofs, vertical greening systems, and permeable pavements. Their structure and effectiveness were presented and reviewed. Despite the consensus between researchers that BGI benefit urban hydrology, differences in runoff decreased (2%-100%) lowering the peak flows (7%-70%) and infiltration (to 60%) or evapotranspiration (19%-84%) were reported. Due to an individual technical structure, each BGI element plays a specific role and there is no universal BGI solution against water-related problems. We inferred that the most effective ones were individually adapted solutions, which prevent from a stressor. The greater variety of solutions in a given area, the more benefits for the urban environment. Our analyses showed that a holistic and co-creative approach to create blue-green networks should be considered in modern water management plans.
      PubDate: 2021-09-27
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202192
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Are trees and shrubs unsafe hiding places' Impact of plant forms on
           the perception of danger in urban green spaces in crime hot spots

    • Authors: Aleksandra Lis, Łukasz Pardela, Paweł Iwankowski, Antal Haans
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Urban parks and forests are important for wellbeing, but feelings of unsafety limited their usage. Removal of vegetation from hotspots of fear is sometimes recommended as a means of boosting safety. However such actions should be approached with caution. One explanation, based on prospect-refuge theory, is that plants increase perceptions of danger because of their contribution to a setting’s effectiveness in concealing criminals. It is also believed that people do not like urban green spaces parks containing trees and shrubs that can act as hiding places because of the sense of danger that this vegetation evokes. To test this explanation, participants rated 57 photos of urban parks and forest parks settings park settings on perceived danger, effectiveness of concealment, and landscape preference. In addition, the effectiveness of concealment in the photos was measured assuming that the value of this variable is expressed by the percentage of the pixels occupied by trees and shrubs offering concealment in a photograph. Results confirmed that concealment and danger are highly correlated mediation analysis confirmed that the impact of concealment on preferences can be explained by perceived danger. When the danger was controlled, the efficiency of concealment had no influence on preferences.
      PubDate: 2021-08-07
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202191
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2021)
       
  • A Rapid Method for Monitoring Landscape Structure and Ecological Value in
           European Farmlands: the LISA approach

    • Authors: Rainer Oppermann, Ernesto Aguirre, Richard Bleil, Jordi Domingo Calabuig, Martin Šálek, András Schmotzer, Antonia Schraml
      Pages: 1 - 24
      Abstract: Farmland biodiversity has dramatically declined in European agricultural landscapes over the past century. The key driver of this decline is the intensification of farming practices. In response, various policies have been developed to protect and promote farmland biodiversity, including so-called greening measures under the Common Agricultural Policy(CAP). However, there is currently very little systematically collected data on the ecological quality of European farmland. Therefore, we developed a survey method to provide repeatable and comparable data. This method comprises the mapping of land use and ecological quality of parcels in sample plots of 500 m x 500 m, vegetation transects on up to four predefined parcels in each sample plot and a photo documentation of the transects and the whole plot. Using this LISA method (Landscape Infrastructure and Sustainable Agriculture), we investigated about 25plots in each of 35 regions in 2014 and 13 regions in 2016, altogether in 10 EU countries. The methodology provides a time- and cost-efficient possibility to collect standardised data on the ecological quality of farmland habitats. We show that biodiversity in arable fields is at an extremely low level. The survey methodology proved to be applicable in all parts of Europe and thus being applied widely it could deliver a representative view on the ecological situation of all agricultural landscapes in Europe.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202190
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2021)
       
  • Going local – Providing a highly detailed Green Infrastructure geodata
           set for assessing connectivity and functionality

    • Authors: Florian Danzinger, Stefan Fuchs, Thomas Wrbka
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Green Infrastructure (GI) defined as a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas is a key strategy in the European biodiversity strategy and the landscape connectivity agenda. To implement this approach in Central Europe’s (CE) landscape planning policies the Interreg project MaGICLandscapes (ML) tried to operationalise the GI concept in CE as well as in nine case studies, to provide land-managers, policy makers and communities with tools and knowledge, at different spatial levels. Based on the example of the Austrian case study area, the aim of this paper is to present an easy to use approach, as implemented in ML, for producing a highly-detailed regional GI database to overcome the difficulty of realising comprehensive biotope mapping surveys as well as the rather coarse resolution of CORINE Land Cover (CLC). By compiling regional cadastral and agricultural information, highly detailed data on the water network as well as Pan-European High Resolution Layers (HRL), this detailed representation of the regional GI network allows to enhance the regional applicability and acceptance of GI initiatives and provides a crucial foundation for assessing GI connectivity and functionality to develop evidence-based strategies and action plans through stakeholder involvement to direct future actions and investment in GI.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202189
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2021)
       
  • Modelling flood regulation ecosystem services dynamics based on climate
           and land use information

    • Authors: Thea Wübbelmann, Steffen Bender, Benjamin Burkhard
      Pages: 16 - 16
      Abstract: The concept of ecosystem service (ES) identifies benefits that people obtain from ecosystems with contributions to human well-being. One important ES under external pressure is “flood regulation” that describes an ecosystem’s capacity to reduce flood hazards. Several related studies estimate current flood regulation ES. However, regional climate projections indicate a shift in precipitation patterns. Therefore, Climate and land use changes make it necessary to assess future supply in order to test functionality and adaptation measures. This study focuses on surface retention ES. We used two methods to show the relevance of different landscape scenarios and climate information for flood regulation ES supply: 1) hydraulic simulations with the model HEC-RAS 2) the flood retention capacity indicator suggested by the German MAES-Working group. We simulated two events: the historic flood of 2013 and future hypothetically 10% higher water levels. Furthermore, three land use change scenarios were evaluated. The model results indicate water accumulation by vegetation. Higher water levels of future climate scenarios lead to an increase in flooded areas and higher water volumes. To evaluate flood regulation capacities, an approach solely based on 2D retention areas, such as the MAES-indicator, is not sufficient. Modelling approaches deliver the opportunity for future scenario simulations.
      PubDate: 2021-02-06
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202188
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2021)
       
  • How might landscapes be better designed to accommodate increasing
           cremation practices in Europe'

    • Authors: Anna Długozima
      Pages: 1 - 31
      Abstract: Death is one of those universal parameters of life, yet very little attention is given to it in neither the work of planning practitioners nor that of landscape research. During the 19th and 20th century’s many Western societies turned to cremation as a more sanitary, less costly and space saving way of human disposal. This paper highlights the cemeteries and crematoria as two types of facilities associated with cremation practices in Poland and in selected European countries. On the basis of analyses of contemporary funerary landscapes for cremation practices from Europe (31 objects from 9 countries) a catalog (‚pattern book‘) of design solutions was developed. Countries were selected on the basis of similarity to Poland in the aspect of the dominant religion (Austria, France, Italy, Slovakia, Slovenia), convergent provisions of cemetery and funeral law (Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Slovenia, Sweden), and index of average population served by 1 crematorium (Belgium). Moreover, assessment of Polish contemporary places for cremation (39 objects) was developed. To strengthen the multifaceted meaning of funerary landscape and to link it more with the landscape, design considerations and potential outcomes for improved cemetery design accommodating cremation practices and burial was developed. The funerary landscape is defined as a specific type of landscape that focuses on the phenomenological relation between death, disposal of the body in the environment and the social memory of the group participating in the remembrance of the burial.
      PubDate: 2020-12-23
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202087
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
  • Cemeteries as (un)wanted heritage of previous communities. An example of
           changes in the management of cemeteries and their social perception in
           Gdańsk, Poland

    • Authors: Krystian Puzdrakiewicz
      Pages: 1 - 26
      Abstract: Cemeteries, despite the sacred values attributed to them, proving their inviolability and durability, undergo functional transformations in the dynamic structure of developing cities. This article focuses on the city of Gdańsk, which historically changed its statehood several times. Almost a full exchange of population from German to Polish took place after World War II. The main aim of the article is to compare the post-1945 attitudes of the new Gdańsk community and the authorities towards cemeteries being a legacy of their predecessors. During World War II and the three subsequent decades most of the unwanted (unrelated to the Polish community) necropolises were closed down and removed. 25 of the 101 inventoried cemeteries have survived until modern times. It has been shown that there are clear differences in the management of cemeteries after 1945, from the removing them in the communist times to the commemorating and revitalizing them during the maturing democracy. This is associated with the current social views, where the majority of residents object to changing the function of the sites of the former cemeteries and only allow converting them into greenery with commemoration of the history of the place.
      PubDate: 2020-11-20
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202086
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
  • Landscape Signature as an Integrative View of Landscape Metrics: A Case
           Study in Brazil-French Guiana Border

    • Authors: Romero Gomes Pereira Silva, Sofia Araújo Zagallo, Anne-Elisabeth Laques, Carlos Hiroo Saito
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: The present work presents an integrated view of landscape analysis through the construction of a signature system for the analysis of landscape types. These signatures were based on metrics that informed different patterns for each landscape type, which allowed the behavior of the landscape to be visually analyzed. The signature system was applied through a landscape classification developed through fieldwork to gather data on socioenvironmental categories combined with remote sensing data. The study site was the border region between Brazil and French Guiana. The results of this work showed that in situ landscape classification techniques can be supported by the analysis of quantitative metrics of landscape analysis, reinforcing the need for integrative and systemic studies in landscape geography.
      PubDate: 2020-11-05
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202085
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
  • Lessons learned from the first worldwide accessible e-learning in
           Landscape Ecology

    • Authors: Felix Kienast, Selina Gosteli, Thomas C. Jr. Edwards, Gregor Martius
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are distance learning tools for individualized learning. They allow students to learn at their own pace in a virtual classroom. We describe success and pitfalls of the MOOC Landscape Ecology, designed as an undergraduate University course taught by an international consortium of Professors covering theory and application of the field. The paper describes course performance with summary metrics, illustrates contents and didactic tools, and provides a list of suggestions for instructors who engage in distant learning. We identify the following five key success factors for this and related MOOCs: (1) commitment and passion of an international consortium of lecturers; (2) a sound mixture of theory and practice; (3) numerous field-videos; (4) content and skill-oriented practicums (here using R, GIS, remote sensing); and (5) interactive formats where students discuss and share their opinions. In all runs of our MOOC we experienced some difficulties with peer-assessed writing tasks due to widely differing “review cultures”. The instructor-paced MOOC attracted over 3500 students in 2018 and 2019, and had comparably high completion rates (14% and 11%, respectively), compared to typical MOOC completion rates ranging from 5% to 15%. Completion rates in our self-paced run in 2020 were 8-9% only.
      PubDate: 2020-10-05
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202083
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
  • Integrating Multiple Perspectives in an Urban Ecology Course

    • Authors: Elizabeth Hane, Karl Korfmacher
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: New approaches are needed to educate university students about urban sustainability challenges. In particular, students need opportunities to learn the importance of integrating not just biophysical issues (e.g. climate change, pollution, loss of biodiversity, etc.), but how these issues are related to societal issues (e.g. racism, poverty, access to health care, etc.). To this end, we created a course that uses a comparative, study abroad approach, focusing on the cities of Rochester, NY (USA) and Malmö, Sweden. Students are provided with numerous scaffolded opportunities to learn from each other, from local experts, and from faculty and students abroad. An assessment of learning outcomes in the course revealed that students who completed the study abroad portion of the course integrated more key topics into their final projects (x̅ = 3.93 ± 0.22) than students who took the same course, but did not go abroad due to the global pandemic in 2020 (x̅ =2.13 ± 0.40; p = 0.004). A survey of students also illustrated that the exposure to a new culture and ideas was key in changing how they thought about environmental problems.
      PubDate: 2020-09-25
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202082
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
  • Teaching applied landscape ecology in interdisciplinary and intercultural
           student groups. Experiences from a 10-years study abroad program

    • Authors: Stefan Zerbe
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Against the background of the global environmental crises, landscape ecology and related disciplines become increasingly important. Higher education should therefore contribute to the development of experts and potential stakeholders who have not only scientific skills but also interdisciplinary, intercultural, and communication skills to be applied in diverse contexts throughout the world. A 10-years program, funded by the Stemmler Foundation within the German Stifterverband supported studies abroad with excursions, summer schools, and workshops with students from the Bachelor, Master and doctoral level of various study programs. Students from 39 countries from all over the world benefitted from this program. In summer schools, particularly ecosystem restoration and nature conservation were addressed in lectures and during field trips as well as with students’ input of case studies from their country of origin. During international excursions to various countries, land use and culture, land-use history, and sustainable development were topics, with close interaction with local land users and stakeholders. Bridging the natural with the social sciences was achieved by involving respective experts as well as stimulate students to cross-disciplinary thinking and judgements. Master students were offered exploratory learning environments abroad within ongoing landscape ecological research projects for their thesis. Students’ feedback reflect an overall successful approach, which prepared students for the global environmental challenges with hard and soft skills.
      PubDate: 2020-09-15
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202081
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
  • Combining Methods to Estimate Ecosystem Integrity and Ecosystem Service
           Potentials and Flows for Crop Production in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

    • Authors: Jakub Zelený, Sabine Bicking, Kinh Bac Dang, Felix Müller
      Pages: 1 - 36
      Abstract: Human well-being is highly dependent on nature, especially with respect to food provision. This study has been developed in the ecosystem service framework and focuses on the evaluation of ecological integrity as a basefor the capacity of Schleswig-Holstein to provide ecosystem services. The ecosystem service potential is assessed based upon a Bayesian belief network and the study area’s soil fertility. The respective service flow is estimated from official regional statistics, and is represented by the total harvested biomass for food, fodder and energy. The spatial distribution of six different ecological integrity variables and the crop production potentials and flows are compared and interpreted with respect to the characteristics of the main landscape regions within the study area. The results indicate a trade-off between the actual crop production and the underlying ecological integrity and service potentials. This trade-off is strongest in case of croplands, while it gradually diminishes in grasslands and forests. Based on the results, conclusions about the relation between ecosystem services and ecological integrity are drawn. The findings of the study can be used to support the development of sustainable land management strategies, which aim to harmonize agricultural production and environmental conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-04-11
      DOI: 10.3097/LO.202079
      Issue No: Vol. 91 (2020)
       
 
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