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  Subjects -> STATISTICS (Total: 130 journals)
Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted by number of followers
Review of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
Statistics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143)
Journal of Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
Journal of the American Statistical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77, SJR: 3.746, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B (Statistical Methodology)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Business & Economic Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 3.664, CiteScore: 2)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Annals of Applied Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C (Applied Statistics)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Risk and Uncertainty     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
The American Statistician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Statistical Methods in Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Computational & Graphical Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Applied Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Time Series Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Statistical Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Statistical Software     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 13.802, CiteScore: 16)
Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decisions in Economics and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Statistics and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Statistics & Probability Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Statistical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Statistics: A Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Statistical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Canadian Journal of Statistics / La Revue Canadienne de Statistique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Probability and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Multivariate Behavioral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Scandinavian Journal of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Stata Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Teaching Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Law, Probability and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Research Synthesis Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Combinatorial Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Queueing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Handbook of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Mathematics & Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nonparametric Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Lifetime Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Significance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Optimization Methods and Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Statistical Methods and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Probability and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Methods of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Metrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Statistical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
TEST     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Theoretical Probability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Monthly Statistics of International Trade - Statistiques mensuelles du commerce international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Handbook of Numerical Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sankhya A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Extremes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Optimization Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stochastic Models     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stochastics An International Journal of Probability and Stochastic Processes: formerly Stochastics and Stochastics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEA World Energy Statistics and Balances -     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Building Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Technology Innovations in Statistics Education (TISE)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Measurement Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Statistica Neerlandica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sequential Analysis: Design Methods and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews - Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Statistics and Economics     Open Access  
Review of Socionetwork Strategies     Hybrid Journal  
SourceOECD Measuring Globalisation Statistics - SourceOCDE Mesurer la mondialisation - Base de donnees statistiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Korean Statistical Society     Hybrid Journal  

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Sociological Methods & Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.35
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 49  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0049-1241 - ISSN (Online) 1552-8294
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1176 journals]
  • How Valid Are Trust Survey Measures' New Insights From Open-Ended Probing
           Data and Supervised Machine Learning

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Camille Landesvatter, Paul C. Bauer
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Trust is a foundational concept of contemporary sociological theory. Still, empirical research on trust relies on a relatively small set of measures. These are increasingly debated, potentially undermining large swathes of empirical evidence. Drawing on a combination of open-ended probing data, supervised machine learning, and a U.S. representative quota sample, our study compares the validity of standard measures of generalized social trust with more recent, situation-specific measures of trust. We find that survey measures that refer to “strangers” in their question wording best reflect the concept of generalized trust, also known as trust in unknown others. While situation-specific measures should have the desirable property of further reducing variation in associations, that is, producing more similar frames of reference across respondents, they also seem to increase associations with known others, which is undesirable. In addition, we explore to what extent trust survey questions may evoke negative associations. We find that there is indeed variation across measures, which calls for more research.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2024-03-21T11:57:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241241234871
       
  • Data Imbalances in Coincidence Analysis: A Simulation Study

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      Authors: Martyna Daria Swiatczak, Michael Baumgartner
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, we investigate the conditions under which data imbalances, a common data characteristic that occurs when factor values are unevenly distributed, are problematic for the performance of Coincidence Analysis (CNA). We further examine how such imbalances relate to fragmentation and noise in data. We show that even extreme data imbalances, when not combined with fragmentation or noise, do not negatively affect CNA’s performance. However, an extended series of simulation experiments on fuzzy-set data reveals that, when mixed with fragmentation or noise, data imbalances may substantially impair CNA’s performance. Furthermore, we find that the performance impairment is higher when endogenous factors are imbalanced than when exogenous factors are concerned. Our results allow us to quantify these impacts and demarcate degrees at which data imbalances should be considered as problematic. Thus, applied researchers can use our demarcation guidelines to enhance the validity of their studies.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2024-03-19T02:46:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241241227039
       
  • A Tool Kit for Relation Induction in Text Analysis

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      Authors: Dustin S. Stoltz, Marshall A. Taylor, Jennifer S. K. Dudley
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Distances derived from word embeddings can measure a range of gradational relations—similarity, hierarchy, entailment, and stereotype—and can be used at the document- and author-level in ways that overcome some of the limitations of weighted dictionary methods. We provide a comprehensive introduction to using word embeddings for relation induction, and demonstrate how such techniques can complement dictionary methods as unsupervised, deductive methods.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2024-02-29T08:01:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241241233242
       
  • Elucidating the Social – Developing Social Process Tracing as an
           Integrative Framework

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      Authors: Jonas Gejl Kaas, Mathilde Cecinni, Derek Beach
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      The promise of process tracing methods is that they can help us better understand how things work in real-world cases. Despite the many advances in the past two decades, we contend that existing accounts result in either under-socialised accounts in which the moves made by actors are studied while neglecting the social dimension of action, or over-socialised accounts that are so focused on social context that they neglect the causal process of actors doing things. In this article, we attempt to bridge this divide by merging the conceptual language from the productive/generative account of mechanisms with realist ideas to develop what we term social process tracing (SPT) as a practical research method that captures both the moves performed by actors, the meanings they ascribe to them, and how the underlying social context shapes how social causal processes play out in real-world cases. After developing ontological and epistemological foundations, the article illustrates how SPT can be used in practice.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2024-02-08T07:38:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231220732
       
  • Life-Course-Sensitive Analysis of Group Inequalities: Combining Sequence
           Analysis With the Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder Decomposition

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      Authors: Carla Rowold, Emanuela Struffolino, Anette Eva Fasang
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Processes that unfold over individuals’ life courses are often associated with inequalities later in life. The literature lacks methodological approaches to analyze inequalities in outcomes between groups, for example, between women and men, in a life-course-sensitive manner. We propose a combination of methods—of sequence analysis, which enables us to study the multidimensional complexity of life courses with Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition. This approach allows us to distinguish the share of inequalities between groups that is due to group-specific life courses from the share that is due to group-specific returns to similar life courses. We illustrate the combination of the two methods by analyzing work–family life courses and gender pension gaps in Italy and Germany. Our contribution is to systematically compare possible core analytical choices when combining typologies derived using sequence analysis with the Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition. For future applications, we propose a set of practical guidelines for sequence analysis–Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2024-02-02T06:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231224226
       
  • Occupational Percentile Rank: A New Method for Constructing a
           Socioeconomic Index of Occupational Status

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      Authors: Xi Song, Yu Xie
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, we propose a method for constructing an occupation-based socioeconomic index that can easily incorporate changes in occupational structure. The resulting index is the occupational percentile rank for a given cohort, based on contemporaneous information pertaining to educational composition and the number of workers at the occupation level. An occupation may experience an increase or decrease in its occupational rank due to changes in relative sizes and educational compositions across occupations. The method is flexible in dealing with changes in occupational and educational measurements over time. Applying the method to U.S. history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day, we derive the index using IPUMS U.S. Census microdata from 1850 to 2000 and the American Community Surveys (ACSs) from 2001 to 2018. Compared to previous occupational measures, this new measure takes into account occupational status evolvement caused by long-term secular changes in occupational size and educational composition. The resulting percentile rank measure can be easily merged with social surveys and administrative data that include occupational measures based on the U.S. Census occupation codes and crosswalks.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-11-09T08:49:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231207914
       
  • High-Dimensional Imputation for the Social Sciences: A Comparison of
           State-of-The-Art Methods

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      Authors: Edoardo Costantini, Kyle M. Lang, Tim Reeskens, Klaas Sijtsma
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Including a large number of predictors in the imputation model underlying a multiple imputation (MI) procedure is one of the most challenging tasks imputers face. A variety of high-dimensional MI techniques can help, but there has been limited research on their relative performance. In this study, we investigated a wide range of extant high-dimensional MI techniques that can handle a large number of predictors in the imputation models and general missing data patterns. We assessed the relative performance of seven high-dimensional MI methods with a Monte Carlo simulation study and a resampling study based on real survey data. The performance of the methods was defined by the degree to which they facilitate unbiased and confidence-valid estimates of the parameters of complete data analysis models. We found that using lasso penalty or forward selection to select the predictors used in the MI model and using principal component analysis to reduce the dimensionality of auxiliary data produce the best results.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-09-16T11:16:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231200194
       
  • Comparing Methods for Estimating Demographics in Racially Polarized Voting
           Analyses

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      Authors: Ari Decter-Frain, Pratik Sachdeva, Loren Collingwood, Hikari Murayama, Juandalyn Burke, Matt Barreto, Scott Henderson, Spencer Wood, Joshua Zingher
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      We consider the cascading effects of researcher decisions throughout the process of quantifying racially polarized voting (RPV). We contrast three methods of estimating precinct racial composition, Bayesian Improved Surname Geocoding (BISG), fully Bayesian BISG, and Citizen Voting Age Population (CVAP), and two algorithms for performing ecological inference (EI), King’s EI and EI:RxC using eiCompare. Using data from two different elections we identify circumstances in which different combinations of methods produce divergent results, comparing against ground-truth data where available. We first find that BISG outperforms CVAP at estimating racial composition, though fully Bayesian BISG does not yield further improvements. Next, in a statewide election, we find that all combinations of methods yield similarly reliable estimates of RPV. However, county-level analyses and results from a non-partisan school board election reveal that BISG and CVAP produce divergent estimates of Black preferences in elections with low turnout and few precincts. Our results suggest that methodological choices can meaningfully alter conclusions about RPV, particularly in smaller, low-turnout elections.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-08-29T04:41:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231192383
       
  • Addressing Non-ignorable Panel Attrition Using External Population Data:
           Analysis of Demographic Events From Survey Data

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      Authors: John Ermisch
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Empirical analysis of variation in demographic events within the population is facilitated by using longitudinal survey data because of the richness of covariate measures in such data, but there is wave-on-wave dropout. When attrition is related to the event, it precludes consistent estimation of the impacts of covariates on the event and on event probabilities in the absence of additional assumptions. The paper introduces an adjustment procedure based on Bayes Theorem that directly addresses the problem of nonignorable dropout. It uses population information external to the survey sample to convert estimates of event probabilities and marginal effects of covariates on them that are conditional on retention in the longitudinal data to unconditional estimates of these quantities. In many plausible and verifiable circumstances, it produces estimates of the marginal effect of covariates closer to the true unconditional quantities than the conditional estimates obtained from estimation using the survey data alone.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-08-17T06:16:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231186659
       
  • A Generalized Ordered Logit Model to Accommodate Multiple Rating Scales

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      Authors: Markus Gangl
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Rating scales are ubiquitous in the social sciences, yet may present practical difficulties when response formats change over time or vary across surveys. To allow researchers to pool rating data across alternative question formats, the article provides a generalization of the ordered logit model that accommodates multiple scale formats in the measurement of a single rating construct. The resulting multiscale ordered logit model shares the interpretation as well as the proportional odds (or parallel lines) assumption with the standard ordered logit model. A further extension to relax the proportional odds assumption in the multiscale context is proposed, and the substitution of the logit with other convenient link functions is equally straightforward. The utility of the model is illustrated from an empirical analysis of the determinants of respondents’ confidence in democratic institutions that combines data from the European Social Survey, the General Social Survey, and the European and World Values Survey series.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-08-09T07:06:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231186655
       
  • Biased Processing and Opinion Polarization: Experimental Refinement of
           Argument CommunicationTheory in the Context of the Energy Debate

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      Authors: Sven Banisch, Hawal Shamon
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      We combine empirical experimental research on biased argument processing with a computational theory of group deliberation to overcome the micro–macro problem of sociology and to clarify the role of biased processing in debates around energy. We integrate biased processing into the framework of argument communication theory in which agents exchange arguments about a certain topic and adapt opinions accordingly. Our derived mathematical model fits significantly better to the experimentally observed attitude changes than the neutral argument processing assumption made in previous models. Our approach provides new insight into the relationship between biased processing and opinion polarization. Our analysis reveals a sharp qualitative transition from attitude moderation to polarization at the individual level. At the collective level, we find that weak biased processing significantly accelerates group decision processes, whereas strong biased processing leads to a meta-stable conflictual state of bi-polarization that becomes persistent as the bias increases.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-07-24T09:05:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231186658
       
  • Maximizing Utility or Avoiding Losses' Uncovering Decision
           Rule-Heterogeneity in Sociological Research with an Application to
           Neighbourhood Choice

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      Authors: Ulf Liebe, Sander van Cranenburgh, Caspar Chorus
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Empirical studies on individual behaviour often, implicitly or explicitly, assume a single type of decision rule. Other studies do not specify behavioural assumptions at all. We advance sociological research by introducing (random) regret minimization, which is related to loss aversion, into the sociological literature and by testing it against (random) utility maximization, which is the most prominent decision rule in sociological research on individual behaviour. With an application to neighbourhood choice, in a sample of four European cities, we combine stated choice experiment data and discrete choice modelling techniques and find a considerable degree of decision rule-heterogeneity, with a strong prevalence of regret minimization and hence loss aversion. We also provide indicative evidence that decision rules can affect expected neighbourhood demand at the macro level. Our approach allows identifying heterogeneity in decision rules, that is, the degree of regret/loss aversion, at the level of choice attributes such as the share of foreigners when comparing neighbourhoods, and can improve sociological practice related to linking theories and social research on decision-making.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-07-19T06:37:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231186657
       
  • Post-Instrument Bias in Linear Models

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      Authors: Adam N. Glynn, Miguel R. Rueda, Julian Schuessler
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Post-instrument covariates are often included as controls in instrumental variable (IV) analyses to address a violation of the exclusion restriction. However, we show that such analyses are subject to biases unless strong assumptions hold. Using linear constant-effects models, we present asymptotic bias formulas for three estimators (with and without measurement error): IV with post-instrument covariates, IV without post-instrument covariates, and ordinary least squares. In large samples and when the model provides a reasonable approximation, these formulas sometimes allow the analyst to bracket the parameter of interest with two estimators and allow the analyst to choose the estimator with the least asymptotic bias. We illustrate these points with a discussion of the settler mortality IV used by Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-06-11T08:06:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231156965
       
  • Lagged Dependent Variable Predictors, Classical Measurement Error, and
           Path Dependency: The Conditions Under Which Various Estimators are
           Appropriate

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      Authors: Anders Holm, Anders Hjorth-Trolle, Robert Andersen
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Lagged dependent variables (LDVs) are often used as predictors in ordinary least squares (OLS) models in the social sciences. Although several estimators are commonly employed, little is known about their relative merits in the presence of classical measurement error and different longitudinal processes. We assess the performance of four commonly used estimators: (1) the standard OLS estimator, (2) an average of past measures (AVG), (3) an instrumental variable (IV) measured at one period previously (IV), and (4) an IV derived from information from more than one time before (IV2). We also propose a new estimator for fixed effects models—the first difference instrumental variable (FDIV) estimator. After exploring the consistency of these estimators, we demonstrate their performance using an empirical application predicting primary school test scores. Our results demonstrate that for a Markov process with classic measurement error (CME), IV and IV2 estimators are generally consistent; LDV and AVG estimators are not. For a semi-Markov process, only the IV2 estimator is consistent. On the other hand, if fixed effects are included in the model, only the FDIV estimator is consistent. We end with advice on how to select the appropriate estimator.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-06-08T06:42:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231176845
       
  • The Effects of Open-Ended Probes on Closed Survey Questions in Web Surveys

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      Authors: Patricia Hadler
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Probes are follow-ups to survey questions used to gain insights on respondents’ understanding of and responses to these questions. They are usually administered as open-ended questions, primarily in the context of questionnaire pretesting. Due to the decreased cost of data collection for open-ended questions in web surveys, researchers have argued for embedding more open-ended probes in large-scale web surveys. However, there are concerns that this may cause reactivity and impact survey data. The study presents a randomized experiment in which identical survey questions were run with and without open-ended probes. Embedding open-ended probes resulted in higher levels of survey break off, as well as increased backtracking and answer changes to previous questions. In most cases, there was no impact of open-ended probes on the cognitive processing of and response to survey questions. Implications for embedding open-ended probes into web surveys are discussed.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-06-01T06:42:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231176846
       
  • Graphical Causal Models for Survey Inference

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      Authors: Julian Schuessler, Peter Selb
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) are now a popular tool to inform causal inferences. We discuss how DAGs can also be used to encode theoretical assumptions about nonprobability samples and survey nonresponse and to determine whether population quantities including conditional distributions and regressions can be identified. We describe sources of bias and assumptions for eliminating it in various selection scenarios. We then introduce and analyze graphical representations of multiple selection stages in the data collection process, and highlight the strong assumptions implicit in using only design weights. Furthermore, we show that the common practice of selecting adjustment variables based on correlations with sample selection and outcome variables of interest is ill-justified and that nonresponse weighting when the interest is in causal inference may come at severe costs. Finally, we identify further areas for survey methodology research that can benefit from advances in causal graph theory.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-05-31T06:14:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231176851
       
  • Linear Probability Model Revisited: Why It Works and How It Should Be
           Specified

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      Authors: Myoung-jae Lee, Goeun Lee, Jin-young Choi
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      A linear model is often used to find the effect of a binary treatment [math] on a noncontinuous outcome [math] with covariates [math]. Particularly, a binary [math] gives the popular “linear probability model (LPM),” but the linear model is untenable if [math] contains a continuous regressor. This raises the question: what kind of treatment effect does the ordinary least squares estimator (OLS) to LPM estimate' This article shows that the OLS estimates a weighted average of the [math]-conditional heterogeneous effect plus a bias. Under the condition that [math] is equal to the linear projection of [math] on [math], the bias becomes zero, and the OLS estimates the “overlap-weighted average” of the [math]-conditional effect. Although the condition does not hold in general, specifying the [math]-part of the LPM such that the [math]-part predicts [math] well, not [math], minimizes the bias counter-intuitively. This article also shows how to estimate the overlap-weighted average without the condition by using the “propensity-score residual” [math]. An empirical analysis demonstrates our points.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-05-30T03:48:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231176850
       
  • Exploring and Correcting the Bias in the Estimation of the Gini Measure of
           Inequality

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      Authors: Juan F. Muñoz, Pablo J. Moya-Fernández, Encarnación Álvarez-Verdejo
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      The Gini index is probably the most commonly used indicator to measure inequality. For continuous distributions, the Gini index can be computed using several equivalent formulations. However, this is not the case with discrete distributions, where controversy remains regarding the expression to be used to estimate the Gini index. We attempt to bring a better understanding of the underlying problem by regrouping and classifying the most common estimators of the Gini index proposed in both infinite and finite populations, and focusing on the biases. We use Monte Carlo simulation studies to analyse the bias of the various estimators under a wide range of scenarios. Extremely large biases are observed in heavy-tailed distributions with high Gini indices, and bias corrections are recommended in this situation. We propose the use of some (new and traditional) bootstrap-based and jackknife-based strategies to mitigate this bias problem. Results are based on continuous distributions often used in the modelling of income distributions. We describe a simulation-based criterion for deciding when to use bias corrections. Various real data sets are used to illustrate the practical application of the suggested bias corrected procedures.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-05-25T08:34:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231176847
       
  • Fieldwork Disrupted: How Researchers Adapt to Losing Access to Field Sites

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      Authors: Eric W. Schoon
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores how researchers adapt to disruptions that cost them access to their field sites, advancing a uniquely sociological perspective on the dynamics of flexibility and adaptation in qualitative methods. Through interviews with 31 ethnographers whose access was preempted or eliminated, I find that adaptation varied systematically based on when during the fieldwork process researchers' access was disrupted. The timing of the disruption shaped the relevance and implications of common conditions that affect fieldwork, such as funding availability, institutionalized time constraints, and sunk costs. Consequently, despite a lack of common conventions or training in how to adapt to losing access, adaptations took one of three general forms, which I refer to as turning home, pivoting, and following. I highlight specific challenges associated with each of these forms and offer insights for navigating them. Building from my findings, I make the case that the logistics of being flexible and adapting are part of a hidden curriculum in qualitative methods, and I discuss how interrogating the conditions that structure these aspects of fieldwork advances research and pedagogy in qualitative methodology.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-05-19T06:55:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231156961
       
  • Longitudinal QCA: Integrating Time Through Change-Based Intervals (CBIs)
           and a Flexible Lag Condition (FLC)

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      Authors: Christoph Niessen
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      In the wake of the methodological developments that aim to render qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) “time sensitive”, I propose a new procedure for carrying out QCA longitudinally. More specifically, I show first why longitudinal case disaggregation should be carried out with change-based intervals (CBIs) rather than with fixed intervals. Second, I develop a flexible lag condition (FLC) that (i) resolves two types of temporal contradictions and outcome redundancies that can result from temporal case disaggregation and (ii) allows to measure the average duration it takes for a combination of conditions to translate to an outcome. Since temporal contradictions and outcome redundancies are most likely with an increasing number of time points and conditions, as well as with CBIs in general, the FLC procedure is most useful in these cases. The fact that the interest of longitudinal analyses increases with the number of disaggregated cases underlines the usefulness of the proposed methodological innovation. Despite its suitability for mid-n and large-n analyses, longitudinal QCA with an FLC preserves a strong case-oriented and qualitative perspective and remains thereby loyal to QCA's original foundations.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-04-25T07:24:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231156967
       
  • A Method for Estimating Individual Socioeconomic Status of Twitter Users

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      Authors: Yuanmo He, Milena Tsvetkova
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      The rise of social media has opened countless opportunities to explore social science questions with new data and methods. However, research on socioeconomic inequality remains constrained by limited individual-level socioeconomic status (SES) measures in digital trace data. Following Bourdieu, we argue that the commercial and entertainment accounts Twitter users follow reflect their economic and cultural capital. Adapting a political science method for inferring political ideology, we use correspondence analysis to estimate the SES of 3,482,652 Twitter users who follow the accounts of 339 brands in the United States. We validate our estimates with data from the Facebook Marketing application programming interface, self-reported job titles on users’ Twitter profiles, and a small survey sample. The results show reasonable correlations with the standard proxies for SES, alongside much weaker or nonsignificant correlations with other demographic variables. The proposed method opens new opportunities for innovative social research on inequality on Twitter and similar online platforms.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-04-17T04:36:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231168665
       
  • The Effects of Omitting Components in a Multilevel Model With Social
           Network Effects

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      Authors: Thomas Suesse, David Steel, Mark Tranmer
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Multilevel models are often used to account for the hierarchical structure of social data and the inherent dependencies to produce estimates of regression coefficients, variance components associated with each level, and accurate standard errors. Social network analysis is another important approach to analysing complex data that incoproate the social relationships between a number of individuals. Extended linear regression models, such as network autoregressive models, have been proposed that include the social network information to account for the dependencies between persons. In this article, we propose three types of models that account for both the multilevel structure and the social network structure together, leading to network autoregressive multilevel models. We investigate theoretically and empirically, using simulated data and a data set from the Dutch Social Behavior study, the effect of omitting the levels and the social network on the estimates of the regression coefficients, variance components, network autocorrelation parameter, and standard errors.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-03-15T10:58:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231156972
       
  • Improving Fairness in Criminal Justice Algorithmic Risk Assessments Using
           Optimal Transport and Conformal Prediction Sets

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      Authors: Richard A. Berk, Arun Kumar Kuchibhotla, Eric Tchetgen Tchetgen
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      In the United States and elsewhere, risk assessment algorithms are being used to help inform criminal justice decision-makers. A common intent is to forecast an offender’s “future dangerousness.” Such algorithms have been correctly criticized for potential unfairness, and there is an active cottage industry trying to make repairs. In this paper, we use counterfactual reasoning to consider the prospects for improved fairness when members of a disadvantaged class are treated by a risk algorithm as if they are members of an advantaged class. We combine a machine learning classifier trained in a novel manner with an optimal transport adjustment for the relevant joint probability distributions, which together provide a constructive response to claims of bias-in-bias-out. A key distinction is made between fairness claims that are empirically testable and fairness claims that are not. We then use confusion tables and conformal prediction sets to evaluate achieved fairness for estimated risk. Our data are a random sample of 300,000 offenders at their arraignments for a large metropolitan area in the United States during which decisions to release or detain are made. We show that substantial improvement in fairness can be achieved consistently with a Pareto improvement for legally protected classes.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-03-13T08:51:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231155883
       
  • Inter-Rater Reliability Methods in Qualitative Case Study Research

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      Authors: Rosanna Cole
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      The use of inter-rater reliability (IRR) methods may provide an opportunity to improve the transparency and consistency of qualitative case study data analysis in terms of the rigor of how codes and constructs have been developed from the raw data. Few articles on qualitative research methods in the literature conduct IRR assessments or neglect to report them, despite some disclosure of multiple researcher teams and coding reconciliation in the work. The article argues that the in-depth discussion and reconciliation initiated by IRR may enhance the findings and theory that emerges from qualitative case study data analysis, where the main data source is often interview transcripts or field notes. To achieve this, the article provides a missing link in the literature between data gathering and analysis by expanding an existing process model from five to six stages. The article also identifies seven factors that researchers can consider to determine the suitability of IRR to their work and it offers an IRR checklist, thereby providing a contribution to the broader literature on qualitative research methods.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-02-23T07:14:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241231156971
       
  • Estimating Causal Effects of Multi-Valued Treatments Accounting for
           Network Interference: Immigration Policies and Crime Rates

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      Authors: Costanza Tortú, Irene Crimaldi, Fabrizia Mealli, Laura Forastiere
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Policy evaluation studies, which assess the effect of an intervention, face statistical challenges: in real-world settings treatments are not randomly assigned and the analysis might be complicated by the presence of interference among units. Researchers have started to develop methods that allow to manage spillovers in observational studies; recent works focus primarily on binary treatments. However, many studies deal with more complex interventions. For instance, in political science, evaluating the impact of policies implemented by administrative entities often implies a multi-valued approach, as a policy towards a specific issue operates at many levels and can be defined along multiple dimensions. In this work, we extend the statistical framework about causal inference under network interference in observational studies, allowing for a multi-valued individual treatment and an interference structure shaped by a weighted network. The estimation strategy relies on a joint multiple generalized propensity score and allows one to estimate direct effects, controlling for both individual and network covariates. We follow this methodology to analyze the impact of the national immigration policy on the crime rate, analyzing data of 22 OECD countries over a thirty-years time frame. We define a multi-valued characterization of political attitude towards migrants and we assume that the extent to which each country can be influenced by another country is modeled by an indicator, summarizing their cultural and geographical proximity. Results suggest that implementing a highly restrictive immigration policy leads to an increase of the crime rate and the estimated effect is larger if we account for interference.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-01-09T08:24:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241221147503
       
  • Modeling the Bias of Digital Data: An Approach to Combining Digital With
           Official Statistics to Estimate and Predict Migration Trends

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      Authors: Yuan Hsiao, Lee Fiorio, Jonathan Wakefield, Emilio Zagheni
      Abstract: Sociological Methods & Research, Ahead of Print.
      Obtaining reliable and timely estimates of migration flows is critical for advancing the migration theory and guiding policy decisions, but it remains a challenge. Digital data provide granular information on time and space, but do not draw from representative samples of the population, leading to biased estimates. We propose a method for combining digital data and official statistics by using the official statistics to model the spatial and temporal dependence structure of the biases of digital data. We use simulations to demonstrate the validity of the model, then empirically illustrate our approach by combining geo-located Twitter data with data from the American Community Survey (ACS) to estimate state-level out-migration probabilities in the United States. We show that our model, which combines unbiased and biased data, produces predictions that are more accurate than predictions based solely on unbiased data. Our approach demonstrates how digital data can be used to complement, rather than replace, official statistics.
      Citation: Sociological Methods & Research
      PubDate: 2023-01-02T11:37:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00491241221140144
       
 
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  Subjects -> STATISTICS (Total: 130 journals)
Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted by number of followers
Review of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
Statistics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143)
Journal of Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
Journal of the American Statistical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77, SJR: 3.746, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B (Statistical Methodology)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Business & Economic Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 3.664, CiteScore: 2)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Annals of Applied Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C (Applied Statistics)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Risk and Uncertainty     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
The American Statistician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Statistical Methods in Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Computational & Graphical Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Applied Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Time Series Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Statistical Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Statistical Software     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 13.802, CiteScore: 16)
Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decisions in Economics and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Statistics and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Statistics & Probability Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Statistical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Statistics: A Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Statistical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Canadian Journal of Statistics / La Revue Canadienne de Statistique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Probability and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Multivariate Behavioral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Scandinavian Journal of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Stata Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Teaching Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Law, Probability and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Research Synthesis Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Combinatorial Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Queueing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Handbook of Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Mathematics & Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nonparametric Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Lifetime Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Significance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Optimization Methods and Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Statistical Methods and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Probability and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Methods of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Metrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Statistical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
TEST     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Theoretical Probability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Monthly Statistics of International Trade - Statistiques mensuelles du commerce international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Handbook of Numerical Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sankhya A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Extremes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Optimization Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stochastic Models     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stochastics An International Journal of Probability and Stochastic Processes: formerly Stochastics and Stochastics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEA World Energy Statistics and Balances -     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Building Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Technology Innovations in Statistics Education (TISE)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Measurement Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Statistica Neerlandica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sequential Analysis: Design Methods and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews - Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Statistics and Economics     Open Access  
Review of Socionetwork Strategies     Hybrid Journal  
SourceOECD Measuring Globalisation Statistics - SourceOCDE Mesurer la mondialisation - Base de donnees statistiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Korean Statistical Society     Hybrid Journal  

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