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  Subjects -> WATER RESOURCES (Total: 161 journals)
Showing 1 - 47 of 47 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acque Sotterranee - Italian Journal of Groundwater     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS ES&T Water     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Limnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Oceanography and Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Water Resource and Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Agua y Territorio     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Águas Subterrâneas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
altlastenforum Baden-Württemberg e.V., Schriftenreihe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Water Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Water Works Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Water Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquacultural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aquaculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Aquaculture and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquaculture, Fish and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aquasains     Open Access  
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Living Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Australian Journal of Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AWWA Water Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bonorowo Wetlands     Open Access  
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Desalination     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Desalination and Water Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Discover Water     Open Access  
e-Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Budidaya Perairan     Open Access  
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Nexus     Open Access  
Environmental and Water Sciences, public Health and Territorial Intelligence Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Processes : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Environmental Science : Water Research & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European journal of water quality - Journal européen d'hydrologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Exposure and Health     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Water     Open Access  
GeoHazards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Grundwasser     Hybrid Journal  
Hydrology: Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IDA Journal of Desalination and Water Reuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ingeniería del agua     Open Access  
Inland Waters     Hybrid Journal  
International Hydrographic Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Energy and Water Resources     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Nuclear Desalination     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of River Basin Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Waste Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Water Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Water Resources Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Soil and Water Conservation Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Irrigation and Drainage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Irrigation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Aquaculture and Fish Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Coastal and Hydraulic Structures (JCHS)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Contemporary Water Resource & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Delta Urbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ecohydraulics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
Journal of Hydro-environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hydrology (New Zealand)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hydrometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Resources and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of South Carolina Water Resources     Open Access  
Journal of the American Water Resources Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Water and Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Water and Wastewater / Ab va Fazilab     Open Access  
Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Water Process Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Water Resource and Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Water Resource Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Journal of Water Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Jurnal Enggano     Open Access  
La Houille Blanche     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Lake and Reservoir Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Lakes & Reservoirs Research & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
Marine Ecology Progress Series MEPS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Michigan Journal of Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural and Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
npj Clean Water     Open Access  
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Opflow     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Ozone Science & Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Reviews in Aquaculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Revue des sciences de l'eau / Journal of Water Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ribagua : Revista Iberoamericana del Agua     Open Access  
River Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science     Open Access  
Sciences Eaux & Territoires : la Revue du Cemagref     Open Access  
Scientia Marina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Soil Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lanka Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sustainable Water Resources Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Tecnología y Ciencias del Agua     Open Access  
Texas Water Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Urban Water Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Water     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Water and Environment Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Water Conservation Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Water Cycle     Open Access  
Water Environment and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Water Research X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Water Resources and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Water Resources and Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water Resources Management     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Water Resources Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 92)
Water SA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water Science : The National Water Research Center Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Water Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Water Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Water-Energy Nexus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water21     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Watershed Ecology and the Environment     Open Access  
Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wetlands Ecology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
wH2O : The Journal of Gender and Water     Open Access  
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Water     Hybrid Journal  
WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Water Policy     Hybrid Journal  
علوم آب و خاک     Open Access  

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Journal of Aquatic Sciences
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0189-8779
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Assessment of water chemistry in a segment of Qua Iboe River Estuary by
           Principal component analysis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: I.I. Akpan
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Assessment of water chemistry in a segment of Qua Iboe River Estuary, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria was carried out from January to December 2018 at three sampling stations. Seventeen physico-chemical parameters were analyzed using standards procedure. A total of 12 samples were collected from each station. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was employed in the assessment of the study area. Three principal components, accounting for 99.59%, 100.01% and 100% of the total variance of information contained in the original data set for dry season were obtained. In the wet season, the components accounted for 66.0%, 69.97% and 67.50% of the total variance respectively. Results revealed that the most loading factor in the PCA when considering all the sampling stations in different seasons together in PC1, PC2 and PC3 axes were mainly sulphate, phosphate-phosphorus, calcium, potassium, temperature, total dissolved solids, total alkalinity, total hardness, dissolved oxygen, sodium, electrical conductivity, biological oxygen demand, pH, total suspended solids, A and magnesium. These loadings could be grouped into mineral/nutrient, physico-chemical, organic and domestic factors. General assessment of the study area did not indicate much deviation from prescribed standards, but sufficient to maintain a varied aquatic biodiversity.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.1
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Ecotoxicological assessment of commercial glyphosate-based di-ammonium
           salt formulation on haematological indices of Clarias gariepinus

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      Authors: A.B. Ella, E.T. Azua, C.U. Aguoru, A.A. Onekutu, F.A. Ella
      Pages: 13 - 21
      Abstract: The study evaluated sub-lethal toxicity of commercial glyphosate-based Di-ammonium formulation commonly known as ‘Touchdown’ on haematological profile of Clarias gariepinus juveniles. A total of two hundred catfish juveniles of mean weight 31.07±1.23g and mean length 19.50 ± 0.50cm were exposed to different  concentrations of Di-ammonium formulation (1.26, 2.52, 5.03 and 0.00 mg/l) for eight (8) weeks. Each concentration was treated in triplicate using a static bioassay system. Physico-chemical parameters of the test water were monitored throughout the study period. Results showed that haematocrit (HCT), red blood cell (RBC), haemoglobin (HGB), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) and Platelets (PLT) counts decreased significantly (p<0.05) with increase in concentrations of Touchdown. Whereas, white blood cell (WBC) counts increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing concentrations of the glyphosate-based formulation. Water temperature, pH, Total dissolved solid (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) increased linearly with increasing concentration, while dissolved oxygen content decreased significantly (p<0.05). The results from this study indicated that Di-ammonium glyphosate–based formulation had negative consequences on the blood of treated fish. In view of this, the application of Di-ammonium glyphosate-based formulation should be done in a sustainable manner with proper regulations.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • SARS-COV-2 invasion in lakes: A rare transferability of the dreaded virus
           by nature or manmade

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      Authors: J.O. Odigie, I.M. Moses-Otutu, A.A. Adegboye, E.B. Odigie
      Pages: 23 - 37
      Abstract: SARS-CoV-2 is a highly transmissible and pathogenic viral infection. Its global spread has a profound effect on the lives of millions of people resulting to worldwide economic disruptions and increased death tolls. This has created fears and concerns within the health sector globally. Thus, understanding the mode of transmissions, aetiology, pathogenesis, environmental conditions and epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 will help in curbing and militating against further spread of the virus. It has also become imperative to look out for petty openings through which this virus may invade man's territories by nature or man-made via negligence. There is need for regular water treatment to prevent further spread that may undoubtedly predispose humans to COVID-19 in the long run as lakes often serve as the only source of drinkable water in rural communities particularly in developing countries. It is against this backdrop that we intended to investigate possible means of SARS-CoV-2 invasion in water bodies in support of the global fight against COVID-19 with a particular focus on lakes. Therefore, this article emphasizes on possible transmissions of SARS-CoV-2 from lakes and provided remedies in support of the views of some researchers that appeared to be inconclusive.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.3
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Substitution of fishmeal with solid-state fermented pigeon pea and effects
           on growth and gut microbiomes of Nile Tilapia

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      Authors: U.D. Enyidi, C. Oyazi
      Pages: 39 - 53
      Abstract: Solid state fermented pigeon pea meal (FPP) was used in substituting fish meal (FM) in diets of Oreochromis niloticus. Five diets varying in inclusion levels of FM: FPP as followed: Feed 1, 250:50; Feed 2, 200:100; Feed 3, 150:150; Feed 4, 100:200 and Feed 5, 50:250 were made. A commercial feed (Feed 6), was used as a control. Triplicate groups of tilapia fingerling were stocked in plastic aquaria at six fish per unit and fed ad libitum for 60days. Results showed that specific growth rate (SGR) of tilapia fed Feed 5 (2.60±0.12% day-1) was better (p<0.05) than those recorded in Feed 1 (2.36±.07 % day-1). Similarly, food conversion ratio (FCR) (1.13±0.01) and mean weight gain (60.00±0.04g) were higher (p<0.05) in Feed 5 when compared with those in Feed 1 where FCR was 1.19±0.02 and MWG (50.96±0.04g). The results of Aspartate amino transferase (AST) and alanine amino transferase (ALT) decreased with increasing inclusion level of FPP. Gut microbial load increased with increasing level of FPP. The fish group fed Feed 5 had the highest foregut (2.60 x 10-5 CFU/ml), midgut (3.98 x 10-5 CFU/ml) and hindgut (4.52 x 10-5 CFU/ml) micrbiota. In general, gut microbiomes were dominated by cellulose and carbohydrate utilizing bacteria: Citrobacter fruendi, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Inference from the study revealed that O. niloticus was able to utilize the diets due to the presence of probiotics in them.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.4
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Influence of processing methods on quality and stability of silver catfish
           (Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus)

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      Authors: M.U. Effiong, M.E. Michael
      Pages: 55 - 62
      Abstract: The study assessed different processing methods (freezing, smoking, oven drying and boiling) on fillet nutritional quality and stability of silver catfish. All analyses followed standard procedure. Results of proximate composition showed significant increase (p< 0.05) in protein (51.98%), lipid (11.65%), ash (3.82%) and calorie (432.57 Kcal/g) contents in the dried fillets. Thus, these variable increased with increasing processing temperature. On the other hand, moisture and carbohydrate contents decreased with temperature. The stability indices  showed significant differences (p < 0.05) in free fatty acid of frozen (0.21%), boiled (0.8%), smoked (2.96%) and dried (9.87%). The lowest calcium (39.7%) was recorded in the frozen sample while the highest level (53.12%) in oven dried. Thiobarbituric acid decreased with increase in processing temperature with the highest level (27.14 mg MDA/100g) observed in the frozen fillet while the least value (2.08 mg MDA/100g) was obtained in the boiled samples. Calcium and phosphorus contents did not show any particular trend. The smoked fish fillet had the highest fibre content of 2.6%. Total volatile base nitrogen was generally low in all treatments. Inference from this study revealed that differently processed Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus was a rich source of fatty acids and essential minerals being very vital to the diet of humans.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.5
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Toxicity of glyphosate-based isopropylamine salt and polyethoxylated
           tallow amine formulations on juvenile Clarias gariepinus

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      Authors: A.B. Ella, E.T. Azua, C.U. Aguoru, A.A. Onekutu, F.A. Ella
      Pages: 63 - 73
      Abstract: The formulation of glyphosate composed of Isopropylamine salt and Polyethoxylated tallow Amine (Clearweed) is widely used as herbicide to control weeds both in the terrestrial and aquatic environments. A static bioassay was conducted to examine toxicity of this formulation on juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Catfish juvenile (mean weight 27.97±0.03g) were exposed to glyphosate at concentrations of 0.00mg/l (control), 5.00, 7.50, 10.00, 12.50 and 15.00mg/l. Each concentration was treated in triplicate and the exposure period lasted for 96 hrs. Mortality rates and physico-chemical parameters of water were monitored. Results revealed that fish mortality increased with increasing concentration of glyphosate and time of exposure. The median lethal concentration (96-hr LC50) value was 8.88mg/l with the upper and lower limits of 9.10mg/l and 7.75mg/l respectively. Behavioural changes observed the treated fish included: erratic swimming, jerky movement, increased opercula and tail movements, gulping of air, lost of balance and consciousness, cessation of opercula and tail movement signifying eventual death. Water quality parameters increased significantly (p<0.05) with extract concentration except dissolve oxygen levels which reduced (p<0.05). However, all values reported were within the permissible limits of the Federal Ministry of Environment (FMEnv) for water samples. The results of this study indicated that glyphosate formulation has toxic effects on catfish. Thus, the herbicide should be cautiously used to avoid ecotoxicological hazards particularly on non-target organisms.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.6
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Studies on fecundity and spawning of blue crab (Callinectes Amnicola) in
           Cross River Estuary

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      Authors: J. Otoyo, S.M. Ameh, O.K. Achema
      Pages: 75 - 82
      Abstract: Studies on identification of species, fecundity and development stages of blue crab, (Callinectes amnicola) were investigated at the Cross River Estuary between the months of December, 2018 and May, 2019. The parameters used for the study were gonadosomatic and hepatosomatic indices, egg diameter and counts. All measurements followed standard procedures. Gonadosomatic index was at its peak in December (88.9) and April (83.3). This coincided with the peak in egg size suggesting that spawning occurred twice within the period.
      The low values of hepatosomatic index around December (1.20) and April (0.45) added to confirm the spawning in these months. The species spawns at a mean egg size of 17.55mm. The dimension of crabs examined were in the following range: carapace length 40.0 to 70.0mm, carapace width, 5.0 to 60mm and body weight 40.0 to 140.0g. The relationship between fecundity and weight of crab was  significant (r = 0.295: p<0.05), indicating positive correlation. Absolute fecundity of the species ranged between 1,375 and 225,132 eggs. The smallest crab with egg had a carapace width of 39.5mm and weight of 46.9g. Spawning at this size seems to be a strategy adopted by the species to cope with exploitation pressure. The result of this study revealed that C. amnicola had a high reproductive potentials. Hence, adequate regulation is required to enhance sustainability of the species in the Cross River Estuary.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.7
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Impacts of population growth in relation to changes in aquaculture and
           fisheries prices

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      Authors: A.A. Garba
      Pages: 83 - 92
      Abstract: The paper reviewed the impacts of population growth and the ways it affects aquaculture and fisheries prices. As the world population  continues to grow arithmetically, great pressure is placed on arable lands, water, energy, and biological resources to provide an adequate supply of food while maintaining the integrity of the ecosystem. In 2010, FAO projected the world population to double from 6.2 billion in October, 1999 to 12.5 billion in the year 2050. This had created serious negative impacts on the aquaculture and fisheries prices. At present fertile crop lands had been lost at an alarming rates while some abandoned during the past 50 years because erosions made it unproductive. Other vices such as food crisis, political unrest and war (Mexico, Uzbekistan, Turkistan, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Morocco and Sudan), civil strife and multiple years of draught (Niger, Mauritania and Senegal), impacts of HIV/AIDS Ebola, Lassa fever and Coronavirus the world over, clashes between cattle rearers and farmers and boko haram issues (Nigeria) as well as kidnapping and  corruptions have severely affected aquaculture and fisheries production and accompanied prices. Thus, this review was conducted to raise a cry for farmers and citizens to engage and participate in intensive culture and fisheries practices in order to fill the demand - supply gap so as to make fish food products available for the teeming masses.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Effects of seasonal variation and locations on microbial load in sediment
           and water of a polluted ecosystem

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      Authors: A.N. Okereke, J.C. Ike-Obasi
      Pages: 93 - 105
      Abstract: Seasonal effects on microbial load of sediment and water at different locations along Bonny Estuary of Niger Delta was investigated for a period of 12 months. All analyses followed standard procedure. Results revealed that total fungi counts in sediment and water at different locations were not significantly different (p > 0.05) at both wet and dry seasons while hydrocarbon utilizing fungi showed significant differences (p < 0.05) at both seasons in both sediment and water samples. During the wet season, total faecal counts ranged from 5.0 to 10.0 x 105 CFU/g for sediment and 4.0 to 7.0x 105 CFU/g in water. In dry season, the concentration of hydrocarbon utilizing bacteria in the sediment ranged between 0.1 x 105 CFU/ml/g and 8.0 x 105 CFU/ml/g in wet season while in dry season, the concentration in water ranged between 0.1 x 105 CFU/ml/g and 6.0 x 105 CFU/ml/g at Abuloma. At Okwujagu, total heterotrophic bacteria counts in sediment ranged  from 0.1 to 8.0 x 105 CFU/g in dry season. This was higher than the range 0.1 to 6.8.0 x 105 CFU/ recorded in Abuloma, Okwujagu and Slaughter at dry season. The highest vibrio counts in water (11.0 x 105 CFU/ml) for wet and (10.0 x 105 CFU/ml) for dry seasons were recorded at Slaughter. In Oginiba, the feacal count recorded 3.0 x 105 CFU/ml in water during the wet season and 2.0 x 105 CFU/ml for dry season. Generally, there were significant differences (p < 0.05) in the bacterial concentrations in both sediment and water. This showed that different seasons favour the growth of certain microbial types.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.9
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Economic realities and management systems in aquaculture production

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      Authors: A.A. Garba
      Pages: 107 - 117
      Abstract: This study reviewed and unveiled the economic sizes and managing systems in aquaculture production. The focus had been on developing new technologies and management systems in aquaculture production that can produce fish food on an economically competitive basis while still maintaining environmental health. The technique of recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) had been discussed. Economic issues such as: adequately available quality water, economic sizes, management issues, financial capabilities, various investment options, species selection, cost of production, capitalization cost of unit process, cost of pumping and bio-filtration, gas stripping and pH control, solid wastes removal, economically competitive scale, labor requirements as well
      as predicted cost of production. The economic comparison of broilers and catfish production were evaluated. Also, challenges against the effective aquaculture technological application and the prospects to economic realities and management systems in aquaculture production were also highlighted. It could be concluded that economic realities and management of RAS is the soft and live wire in aquacultural development especially in developing countries like Nigeria. It is therefore, recommended that fish farmers need to engage and be trained on the use of this new fish production technology for increase production and economy benefits.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.4314/jas.v36i1.10
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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