Subjects -> FORESTS AND FORESTRY (Total: 130 journals)
    - FORESTS AND FORESTRY (129 journals)
    - LUMBER AND WOOD (1 journals)

FORESTS AND FORESTRY (129 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 12 of 12 Journals sorted by number of followers
Forest Ecology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Canadian Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Forest Policy and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Natural Areas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advance in Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Arboriculture and Urban Forestry     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sustainable Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Horticulture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Appita Journal: Journal of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Forest Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Forestry Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Forest Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Forest Ecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Forestry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revue forestière française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Forestry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Wood Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trees, Forests and People     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Forester     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Southern Forests : a Journal of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
iForest : Biogeosciences and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Trees     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
New Forests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ghana Journal of Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Wood and Fiber Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forests     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forest Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Forestry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Forests and Global Change     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Forestry Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forestry Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dissertationes Forestales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eurasian Journal of Forest Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ecologia e Nutrição Florestal - ENFLO     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of Bartin Faculty of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Forest Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Expert Opinion on Environmental Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Forest Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Small-scale Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Forestal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Selbyana     Open Access  
Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts     Open Access  
Lesnoy Zhurnal     Open Access  
Parks Stewardship Forum     Open Access  
Silva Balcanica     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Textual : Análisis del Medio Rural Latinoamericano     Open Access  
Madera y Bosques     Open Access  
Journal of Forest and Natural Resource Management     Open Access  
Forestry : Journal of Institute of Forestry, Nepal     Open Access  
BIOFIX Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Sylva Lestari     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Forestry Academy of Sciences of Ukraine     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research     Open Access  
Ormancılık Araştırma Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Forestry Research     Open Access  
European Journal of Forest Engineering     Open Access  
Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi / Artvin Coruh University Journal of Forestry Faculty     Open Access  
Revista Forestal Mesoamericana Kurú     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencias Forestales     Open Access  
Wahana Forestra : Jurnal Kehutanan     Open Access  
Annals of Forest Research     Open Access  
Forest@ : Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea     Open Access  
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Banko Janakari     Open Access  
Folia Forestalia Polonica. Seria A - Forestry     Open Access  
Rwanda Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Environmental Extension     Full-text available via subscription  
La Calera     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente     Open Access  
Quebracho. Revista de Ciencias Forestales     Open Access  
Foresta Veracruzana     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Forestry Studies     Open Access  
Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Forestry Reports
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2198-6436
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Citizen Science and Monitoring Forest Pests: a Beneficial Alliance'

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      Abstract: Purpose of the Review One of the major threats to tree health, and hence the resilience of forests and their provision of ecosystem services, is new and emerging pests. Therefore, forest health monitoring is of major importance to detect invasive, emerging and native pest outbreaks. This is usually done by foresters and forest health experts, but can also be complemented by citizen scientists. Here, we review the use of citizen science for detection and monitoring, as well as for hypothesis-driven research and evaluation of control measures as part of forest pest surveillance and research. We then examine its limitations and opportunities and make recommendations on the use of citizen science for forest pest monitoring. Recent Findings The main opportunities of citizen scientists for forest health are early warning, early detection of new pests, monitoring of impact of outbreaks and scientific research. Each domain has its own limitations, opportunities and recommendations to follow, as well as their own public engagement strategies. The development of new technologies provides many opportunities to involve citizen scientists in forest pest monitoring. To enhance the benefits of citizen scientists’ inclusion in monitoring, it is important that they are involved in the cocreation of activities. Summary Future monitoring and research may benefit from tailor-made citizen science projects to facilitate successful monitoring by citizen scientists and expand their practice to countries where the forest health sector is less developed. In this sense, citizen scientists can help understand and detect outbreaks of new pests and avoid problems in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
       
  • Salvage Logging Strongly Affects Woodpecker Abundance and Reproduction: a
           Meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Wildfires, wind storms, and pest outbreaks are the main large-scale disturbances of temperate and boreal forests, which often generate large amounts of deadwood in the landscape. Salvage and sanitation loggings (hereafter salvage logging) are usually practiced following such disturbance events and the generated deadwood is then extracted from the forest. Those practices affect a broad array of species, including fungi, lichens, invertebrates, and vertebrates that make use of deadwood either as habitat, food resource, foraging substrate, or as shelter. Woodpeckers, being a key group of forest birds dependent on deadwood, can be affected by salvage logging in two ways: (1) a reduction in the availability of food (i.e. removal of deadwood along with the saproxylic and predatory invertebrates that usually colonize dead or dying trees following forest disturbances) and (2) a decrease in potential nest sites due to the removal of dead trees. Therefore, we assessed the global effects of salvage logging on woodpecker abundance and reproduction by conducting a meta-analysis of published and unpublished data. We focused on comparing woodpeckers’ responses to forest disturbance in salvage-logged and unlogged sites. We considered different types of responses found in the literature, including abundance, occurrence, nest density, and breeding success. When analyzing the responses of woodpeckers, we also accounted for the potential effects of tree density, time since logging, elevation, latitude, and the continent. Recent Findings We found that both numbers and reproduction of woodpeckers were affected by salvage logging following a disturbance event. Apart from salvage logging, woodpecker responses were not significantly related to any other variables. This highlights that salvage logging can pose a substantial threat to woodpecker assemblages as well as secondary cavity-users dependent on them. Summary Salvage logging and related practices that affect deadwood availability should be carefully planned and preferably avoided entirely in areas important for woodpecker conservation. In managed forests, deadwood should be retained in sufficient quantities to avoid detrimental impacts on woodpeckers and on forest biodiversity in general.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
       
  • The Application of Industrial Ecology Methods to Understand the
           Environmental and Economic Implications of the Forest Product Industries

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Industrial ecology (IE) methods have been widely applied to understand the sustainability implications of forest product industries, yet a comprehensive review of these applications is not available. We aim to (1) summarize the major questions that the IE methods were applied to answer, (2) highlight the major conclusions, and (3) identify advantages, limitations, and research gaps. Recent Findings Life cycle assessment (LCA) was the most frequently used among all IE methods reviewed in this study. LCA has primarily applied to evaluate the climate change mitigation potential of forest products. The application of input-output analysis (IOA) is focused on the aggregated forest sector where individual products are not differentiable. The results of IOA can inform the economic implications of changes in supply-demand relationships between the forest sector and other sectors of the economy. System dynamic (SD) modeling is often applied to study the consequences (e.g., economic, environmental) of decision-making along the supply chain of forest bioenergy and biofuels. Material flow analysis (MFA) is applied to estimate the stock and flows of wood in different formats (e.g., timber, residues). Industrial symbiosis (IS) practices are found to minimize waste generation, stabilize material and energy supply, and reduce climate change impacts for the participants from different forest product industries. Summary Overall, the LCA studies showed that forest products could reduce climate change impacts compared to the fossil-based benchmark. The IOA studies revealed the important role of forestry and forest product industries in a nation’s economy. The drivers promoting the forest product industries (illustrated by the SD studies) and the detailed flows of wood among different industries (by MFA studies) can provide crucial insights for the design of a forest-based bioeconomy. The applications of these IE methods in forest product industries are expected to grow in the future, considering the global development of bioeconomy where forest products are essential. Data availability and quality, lack of harmonized modeling assumptions, and a need to integrate different methods are the common gaps for future research.
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
       
  • Correction to: Forest Genetics Research in the Mediterranean Basin:
           Bibliometric Analysis, Knowledge Gaps, and Perspectives

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      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • The emerging development of transparent wood: materials, characteristics,
           and applications

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      Abstract: Purpose of review Transparent wood (TW) has attracted much interest from researchers as an emerging optical load-bearing material because of its advanced characteristics. These advantages mainly include being renewable, existing abundant reserves, low cost, interesting optical properties, outstanding mechanical performance, and low thermal conductivity. This review summarizes the current research activities that center on the development of transparent wood. Recent findings This review first addresses wood structural features and chemical composition. The effects of lignin removal, wood species, and resin types on the properties of transparent wood have been explored by researchers. Moreover, many studies highlight the properties of transparent wood, including optical and thermal properties and mechanical performance. An increasing number of studies have focused on the preparation of functional transparent wood and its commercial application. Summary We summarize transparent wood research processes and perspectives on several issues that need further exploration. Lignin removal is one of the most important factors in the processing of transparent wood. Thus, more efficient and greener methods need to be developed to achieve lignin removal or modification to suit the requirements of high-performance transparent wood. The main research objectives would be new functional properties such as electromagnetic shielding, intelligent photoelectric response, high hardness, and electrical conductivity of transparent wood. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00172-z
       
  • A Review of Progress and Applications in Wood Quality Modelling

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Producing wood of the right quality is an important part of forest management. In the same way that forest growth models are valuable decision support tools for producing desired yields, models that predict wood quality in standing trees should assist forest managers to make quality-influenced decisions. A challenge for wood quality (WQ) models is to predict the properties of potential products from standing trees, given multiple possible growing environments and silvicultural adjustments. While much research has been undertaken to model forest growth, much less work has focussed on producing wood quality models. As a result, many opportunities exist to expand our knowledge. Recent Findings There has been an increase in the availability and use of non-destructive methods for wood quality assessment in standing trees. In parallel, a range of new models have been proposed in the last two decades, predicting wood property variation, and as a result wood quality, using both fully empirical (statistical) and process-based (mechanistic) approaches. Summary We review here models that predict wood quality in standing trees. Although other research is mentioned where applicable, the focus is on research done within the last 20 years. We propose a simple classification of WQ models, first into two broad groupings: fully empirical and process-based. Comprehensive, although not exhaustive, summaries of a wide range of published models in both categories are given. The question of scale is addressed with relevance to the range of possibilities which these different types of models present. We distinguish between empirical models which predict stand or tree-level wood quality and those which predict within-tree wood quality variability. In this latter group are branching models (variation up the stem) and models predicting pith-to-bark clear-wood wood property variability. In the case of process-based models, simulation of within-tree variability, and specifically, how that variability arose over time, is always necessary. We discuss how wood quality models are, or should increasingly be, part of decision support systems that aid forest managers and give some perspectives on ways to increase model impact for forest management for wood quality.
      PubDate: 2022-08-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00171-0
       
  • Fire and Insect Interactions in North American Forests

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Fire and insects are major disturbances in North American forests. We reviewed literature on the effects of fire on bark beetles, defoliators, and pollinators, as well as on the effects of bark beetle and defoliator epidemics on fuels and wildfires. Recent Findings Fire has direct and indirect effects on insects, but our understanding of these effects is confounded by several factors identified in this review. Direct effects are expressed through insect mortality due to exposure to fire, with few studies published on this topic. Indirect effects are expressed through changes in insect hosts and forest conditions, with bark beetle responses to fire-injured trees following prescribed fires and low-severity wildfires being the most studied. Although fire effects on pollinators are an emerging field of research, it is clear that fire can benefit pollinators by creating more open forest conditions, which, in turn, enhance floral resource availability. Bark beetle and defoliator epidemics can exert large effects on fuels, but their effects on wildfires are mixed. Differences in the severity, extent, and timing of epidemics, fire regimes, fire weather, topography, and the metrics and models used to assess wildfires, among other factors, confound our understanding of the effects of bark beetle and defoliator epidemics on wildfires. Summary Fire has both positive and negative effects on insects. Bark beetle and defoliator epidemics have positive and negative effects on wildfires. Additional study of these relationships is warranted given the effects of climate change on forests and forest disturbances, recent declines in some pollinator species in North America, and interests in restoring fire-adapted forest ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00170-1
       
  • Centering Indigenous Voices: The Role of Fire in the Boreal Forest of
           North America

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Indigenous perspectives have often been overlooked in fire management in North America. With a focus on the boreal region of North America, this paper provides a review of the existing literature documenting Indigenous voices and the historical relationship of Indigenous peoples in northern North America to fire and landscapes that burn. Recent Findings Early research on the topic explored how Indigenous people used fire in the boreal forest, with most research coming out of case studies in northern Alberta. Emerging research in the last two decades has broadened the geographic focus to include case studies in Alaska, Ontario, Labrador, and other regions in North America. This broadening of focus has shown that the diversity of Indigenous peoples in North America is reflected in a diversity of relationships to fire and landscapes that burn. Of note is an emerging interest in Indigenous fire knowledge in the wake of settler colonialism. Summary Indigenous peoples in the boreal forest have applied fire on their landscapes to fulfill numerous objectives for thousands of years. More than a tool, Indigenous peoples in the boreal view fire as an agent, capable of movement, destruction and creation, acting on the landscape to create order, within a living, connected environment. Unfortunately, restrictions on the application of Indigenous fire knowledge and practice initiated during early colonial times remains a contemporary challenge as well.
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00168-9
       
  • Forest Genetics Research in the Mediterranean Basin: Bibliometric
           Analysis, Knowledge Gaps, and Perspectives

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Recognizing that in the context of global change, tree genetic diversity represents a crucial resource for future forest adaptation, we review and highlight the major forest genetics research achievements of the past decades in biodiversity-rich countries of the Mediterranean region. For this, we conducted a bibliometric analysis of the scientific literature spanning the past thirty years (1991–2020). Putting together the representative regionwide expertise of our co-authorship, we propose research perspectives for the next decade. Recent Findings Forest genetics research in Mediterranean countries is organized into three different scientific domains of unequal importance. The domain “Population diversity and Differentiation” related to over 62% of all publications of the period, the domain “Environmental conditions, growth and stress response” to almost 23%, and the domain “Phylogeography” to almost 15%. Citation rate was trending the opposite way, indicating a strong and sustained interest in phylogeography and a rising interest for genetics research related to climate change and drought resistance. The share of publications from Asia and Africa to the total within the Mediterranean increased significantly during the 30-year period analyzed, reaching just below 30% during the last decade. Summary Describing poorly known species and populations, including marginal populations, using the full potential of genomic methods, testing adaptation in common gardens, and modeling adaptive capacity to build reliable scenarios for forest management remain strategic research priorities. Delineating areas of high and low genetic diversity, for conservation and restoration, respectively, is needed. Joining forces between forest management and forest research, sharing data, experience, and knowledge within and among countries will have to progress significantly, e.g., to assess the potential of Mediterranean genetic resources as assisted migration material worldwide. Introductory quote: Let us collect with care the facts we can observe, let us consult experience wherever we can, and when this experience is inaccessible to us, let us assemble all the inductions which observation of facts analogous to those which escape us can furnish and let us assert nothing categorically; in this way, we shall be able little by little to discover the causes of a multitude of natural phenomena, and, perhaps, even of phenomena which seem the most incomprehensible... J.B. de Lamarck (Philosophie zoologique, 1809), cited by O. Langlet (1971).
      PubDate: 2022-07-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00169-8
       
  • Pathogens of the Araucariaceae: How Much Do We Know'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review The Araucariaceae is a family of ancient conifers containing iconic tree species from diverse parts of the world. Thirty-eight extant species are present in three genera. Extensive reduction of natural populations has occurred for many species of Araucariaceae, largely due to anthropogenic disturbances. This has occurred to the extent where most species are classified at some level of extinction risk. In recent decades, several diseases have emerged on trees in the family, which has highlighted a general lack of knowledge regarding the factors impacting the health of Araucariaceae. We addressed this by compiling all available literature regarding pathogens and diseases of the Araucariaceae. Insights are given into how globalization and climate change may have, and will potentially, play a role in the emergence of current and future disease threats. These threats are considered from both an ecological and economic perspective. Recent Findings A total of 227 disease reports were found for the family (58 for Agathis, 161 for Araucaria and eight for Wollemia), of which 88% related to only eight tree species. Consequently, there was a considerable number of species in the Araucariaceae for which no disease reports were found. The most prevalent pathogens reported were species of Phytophthora, root rotting basidiomycetes such as Phellinus or Armillaria, and pathogens within the Botryosphaeriaceae. However, only 25% of the pathogens found have had their pathogenicity confirmed through tests, and only 22% have had their identity confirmed through DNA sequencing, making evident the limited amount of research carried out on this topic. Summary There is a general lack of baseline information on diseases for trees in the Araucariaceae. The effects that pathogens have had, and may have in the future, in this iconic family of trees are concerning as most of the species have been declared at some level of risk of preservation. Both globalization and climate change have indicated the potential effects they can have, and how unpredictable they can be. This lack of a solid baseline understanding may become an important constraint on attempts to preserve these species, and thus, it is evident that research efforts on these topics are much needed.
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00164-z
       
  • Wood Protection for Carbon Sequestration — a Review of Existing
           Approaches and Future Directions

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Wood can be protected from biological deterioration thereby prolonging its longevity and contribution to carbon sequestration. Wood protection is only useful if it is inexpensive and can be done at scale, and with minimal adverse environmental impacts. It is difficult to meet all these criteria but some approaches come close. They are described in this paper with an emphasis on new research findings and directions to inform current research on carbon sequestration by wood. Recent Findings Research on wood protection with the exception of nano-wood preservatives is gradually shifting away from the use of synthetic biocidal chemical treatments to the use of naturally durable wood or protectants and treatments that deny organisms access to wood (barriers) or restrict essential requirements for their growth. The latter approach is attracting attention, and welcome new entrants to the field of wood protection, because of its potential to enhance carbon sequestration at a meaningful scale. Summary We expect increasing regulatory and cost pressure on traditional approaches to wood protection using synthetic biocides and an acceleration of the trend evident in the recent past of protecting wood by modifying its molecular structure to exclude water, or growing trees in plantations that produce naturally durable wood. The strengthening of this trend will create many opportunities to research the properties and applications of ‘new’ durable wood products. In addition, we predict a major reorientation of the field to develop, test and model novel approaches to wood protection for atmospheric carbon sequestration. We conclude that future work will likely include research on protection of: (1) novel cellulose or lignin composites used as replacements for plastic; (2) massive timber composites used in tall buildings and other large infrastructure; (3) huge quantities of low-quality wood used specifically for carbon containment.
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00166-x
       
  • Managing Mediterranean Forests for Multiple Ecosystem Services: Research
           Progress and Knowledge Gaps

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Forests provide multiple ecosystem services (ES) to society, and the demand for ES is growing at the global level. However, how to manage forests for the provision of multiple and sometimes conflicting services is a complex and still unresolved issue. In this study, we reviewed the scientific literature for the period 2010–2020 dealing with forest management and multiple ES in Mediterranean forests, with the aim of (1) outlining the progress in research, (2) identifying knowledge gaps and research needs, and (3) discussing management approaches considering multiple ES. The selected literature was analyzed considering different aspects of multiple ES (e.g., drivers of changes, modeling approaches, trade-offs, and synergies). Recent Findings Our results show that wood production is still one of the main management objectives, with an increasing attention toward non wood forest products. Carbon sequestration and biodiversity were the most investigated regulating functions, but also specific aspects are gaining attention (e.g., lichens for microclimate regulation). Changes in stand structure and density, the impact of coppice vs. high forest, and the effect of management practices vs. abandonment were considered as drivers of change at the stand/management unit scale, while the impact of climate changes and disturbances were considered at the landscape/regional scale using modeling. Summary Despite the progress made in the last decade, our review highlights that further research is needed to fill the gaps in the scientific literature regarding how forest management influences the provision of multiple ES in the Mediterranean region. From a conceptual point of view, there is the need for a shift to a new paradigm based on an adaptable, flexible management, and planning approach to sustain self-organization, adaptive capacity, and overall resilience of Mediterranean forests, overcoming the ecosystem “service” approach; operatively, research should move toward a transdisciplinary approach, which considers problems from a diversity of points of view and involves extended peer communities not only in the dissemination of research results, but also in the research process itself.
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00167-w
       
  • Anthropogenic Disturbances and the Emergence of Native Diseases: a Threat
           to Forest Health

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Human-caused global change is fundamentally altering natural forest ecosystems. More trees are exhibiting a wide range of symptoms indicative of poor vigour, particularly stressed species at the edge of their native ranges and stands growing on marginal sites. This review will focus on complex tree diseases (declines) caused by native pathogens and the key environmental drivers that contribute to this phenomenon. These systems are frequently complex, with multiple drivers at work. Recent Findings Using four cases studies on different continents, we explored the direct and indirect environmental drivers underlying these decline syndromes. Although climate and weather events seem to be usually associated with forest decline, we found that environmental disturbance by either forest management or land-use changes is also a global predisposing factor of decline which deserves more attention. Changes in land use have directly benefited pathogens such as root rots in the Pyrenees (Spain) or indirectly by making the environment more conducive for canker and foliar diseases in Australia and the USA. Focus on land-use changes could improve understanding of current decline problems such as those affecting Araucaria in Chile. Summary The next century will almost certainly see an unprecedented rise in forest pathogen epidemics, requiring a proactive rather than reactive response. Diseases caused by native pathogens with complex aetiologies will become more common, and recognising, characterising and managing these epidemics are difficult because native pathogens are frequently already widespread, and eradication is not feasible. We need to start approaching these issues from a ‘whole ecosystem’ perspective, highlighting the many aspects and entanglements of forest declines and allowing us to respond with management options tailored to each scenario. The approach proposed here provides logical steps based on six questions to untangle the direct and indirect environmental drivers of tree declines.
      PubDate: 2022-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00163-0
       
  • Use of Individual Tree and Product Level Data to Improve Operational
           Forestry

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Individual tree detection (ITD) methods and technologies for tracking individual forest products through a smart operational supply chain from stump to mill are now available. The purpose of this paper is to (1) review the related literature for audiences not familiar with remote sensing and tracking technologies and (2) to identify knowledge gaps in operational forestry and forest operations research now that these new data and systems are becoming more common. Recent Findings Past research has led to successful development of ITD remote sensing methods for detecting individual tree information and radio frequency identification (RFID), branding, and other product tracing methods for individual trees and logs. Blockchain and cryptocurrency that allow independent verification of transactions and work activity recognition based on mobile and wearable sensors can connect the mechanized and motor-manual components of supply chains, bridging gaps in the connectivity of data. However, there is a shortage of research demonstrating use of location-aware tree and product information that spans multiple machines. Summary Commercial products and technologies are now available to digitalize forest operations. Research should shift to evaluation of applications that demonstrate use. Areas for improved efficiencies include (1) use of wearable technology to map individual seedlings during planting; (2) optimizing harvesting, skidding and forwarder trails, landings, and decking based on prior knowledge of tree and product information; (3) incorporation of high-resolution, mapped forest product value and treatment cost into harvest planning; (4) improved machine navigation, automation, and robotics based on prior knowledge of stem locations; (5) use of digitalized silvicultural treatments, including microclimate-smart best management practices; and (6) networking of product tracking across multiple, sensorized machines.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00160-3
       
  • The Intertwined Problems of Wildfire, Forest Disease, and Climate Change
           Interactions

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review I aim to contextualize wildfire-disease interactions with the goal of building a better understanding of where these may be of ecological importance and problems for sustainable forest management. Recent Findings While wildfire-disease interactions have been documented, they are not well represented in the ecological literature, probably because they require considerable effort or serendipity to rigorously quantify. Examples of disease-fire interactions are relatively limited and tend to be clearer in systems where fire and disease are management problems. The most resolved systems include Phytophthora pathogens although wildfire-disease interactions are not limited to these pathogens. Documented interactions encompass a range of effects which include the magnification of problems associated with each disturbance. Wildfire-disease interactions are also likely to shape basic ecological function in systems where both wildfire and disease are common but not necessarily critical management problems. Climate change has altered the fundamental controls on both fire and disease suggesting it will also alter the magnitude and likelihood (occurrence or detection) of disease-fire interactions. Summary I present a framework for linking wildfire-disease interactions and highlight the importance of host community/fuels structure on linking and mediating these interactions. I provide a series of examples where understanding interactive effects, interfacing with climate change, and the magnitude of changes to wildfire and disease intensification are of practical value and/or advance basic ecological knowledge. While much remains to be understood about these interactions, I make the argument that, in some cases, management can address both problems simultaneously.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00161-2
       
  • Bibliometric Analysis of the Structure and Evolution of Research on
           Assisted Migration

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Assisted migration is increasingly proposed as a proactive management strategy to mitigate the consequences of maladaptation predicted under climate change. Exploring the social and academic structure of the field, its research gaps, and future research directions can help further the understanding and facilitate the implementation of assisted migration strategies. Here we used bibliometric analysis to examine the intellectual, social, and conceptual structures of assisted migration research to identify gaps and opportunities for future research. Bibliometric data based on publications on assisted migration were collected from Scopus and Web of Science databases using assisted migration and climate change or their synonyms as queries. Metadata were merged, processed and several networks were constructed. Recent Findings Co-citation and keyword co-occurrence networks identified three major clusters focused on (i) theory and risk of assisted migration of threatened and endangered species, (ii) impact of climate change on realized and fundamental climate and geographic niches, and (iii) assisted population migration. Collaboration network analysis identified three social core hubs: North America, Europe, and Australia, with the USA and Canada being the most productive and the most collaborative countries. Summary We conclude that future research is expected to concern mainly the assessment of physiological response of species and populations to extreme climate events such as drought and frost, and the contribution of non-climatic factors and biotic interactions in local adaptation and population performance under climate change. Social core hubs distinguished in this work can be used to identify potential international research and training collaborators necessary to address gaps and challenges underlying assisted migration implementation.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00165-y
       
  • Genomics-Based Systems and Multi-disciplinary Approaches to Unlock Complex
           Gene Networks Underlying Wood Formation

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Wood represents an important economic natural resource and the molecular regulatory mechanisms underlying its formation are best studied through biotechnological approaches, of which genomics forms an important branch. The evolution of technologies employed to examine wood formation at the molecular level has led to the development of novel methods in the field of wood genomics. The goal of this paper is to summarize the important advancements made in recent years to study wood genomics. Recent Findings Breakthroughs in sequencing technologies and the availability of additional assembled and functionally annotated plant genomes have broadened the scope of organisms for investigating the distinct wood formation patterns among seed plants. The study of non-coding RNAs and epigenetic interactions has become an important part of research on the expression regulation of genes implicated in wood formation. Systems genetics coupled with network graph theory have been used to integrate multiple layers of molecular data to study wood formation as a complex biological process. In terms of wood improvement, genomics-enabled breeding has produced similar or even better results compared to traditional selection approaches. Summary Over the past 5 years, the field of wood genomics has seen a shift to an increasingly holistic approach to help decipher wood formation as a complex biological process. In the future, the field of wood genomics will see major contributions from evolutionary developmental biology, epigenomics, and the study of additional interactions between biomolecules. The resulting knowledge will further improve genomic prediction models in support of tree germplasm enhancement.
      PubDate: 2022-03-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00162-1
       
  • Mechanised Harvesting of Broadleaved Tree Species in Europe

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      Abstract: Purpose of the Review The application of cut-to-length (CTL) technology for harvesting and processing timber from broadleaved tree species is a challenging process, due to thick branches, stem sweep, forks and high wood density. The objective of this review was to describe the current state of harvester use and characterise the effectiveness of mechanised forest operations for broadleaved and mixed forest stands in Europe, paying particular attention to productivity and product quality aspects. An additional aim was to identify the greatest difficulties associated with harvesting broadleaved tree species today and to indicate future challenges and areas for improvement. Recent Findings An interest in wider harvester use for broadleaved tree species started after the storm Lothar in France in 1999. Early experiences demonstrated that lower productivity is common when harvesting broadleaved tree species, due to limitations in delimbing and the high frequency of sweep. Initially, modifications were made to harvester heads, while a newly designed head (CTL 40 HW) was later developed within a European project in 2005–2007. Using various heads, very high productivity was achieved in some cases, but log recovery was unsatisfactory, with large tree tops left without delimbing. The delimbing was of lower quality and log length inaccuracy was observed, as well as economic losses due to damage to plywood caused by feed rollers. These issues resulted in a change in harvester head construction, including work on a patent for a head designed specifically for harvesting broadleaved tree species. Summary The harvester heads that have been developed to date for broadleaved tree species have mainly been used within Central Europe, where the high incidence of broadleaved tree species and their particular morphological features (thick branches and sweep) are a major challenge for CTL technology. There have been many research projects related to this issue: in the last 15 years, there were a few larger initiatives leading to the design and development of harvester heads for broadleaved tree species, with participation from institutions and universities in France, Germany and Poland. There are currently no ongoing initiatives, but the formation of new ones is strongly recommended because today’s forests have a growing share of broadleaved tree species and are being managed to an increasing extent with CTL technology.
      PubDate: 2022-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-021-00154-7
       
  • Correction to: Trafficability Prediction Using Depth-to-Water Maps: the
           Status of Application in Northern and Central European Forestry

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      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-022-00159-w
       
  • Factors Affecting Operational Cost and Productivity of Ground-Based Timber
           Harvesting Machines: a Meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Optimization of cost and productivity is an important aspect of sustainable timber harvesting which have global level implications on renewable energy, climate change, carbon sequestration, and biodiversity. Major operational level managerial decisions associated with stump-to-truck timber harvesting activities are made at the stand-level. The primary goal of this study was to identify and estimate the relationship between cost and productivity of ground-based mechanical harvesting with key variables and evaluate the variance composition at the stand, country, and continental scales. We followed a meta-analysis approach to gather data for 439 individual machines from 53 scientific studies conducted in 19 countries. Boosted regression trees and hierarchical mixed-effects regression were used to identify and determine the effect of the major variables. Recent Findings Average stem size (cm), harvest unit size (ha), and harvesting process were important variables that influenced both harvesting cost and productivity. In addition, harvesting cost (US$ m−3) varied significantly with tree height and country, while harvesting productivity (m3 PMH−1) was mostly influenced by machine rate (US$ PMH−1) and utilization (%). Higher tree height reduced harvesting cost. High stem size and machine rate both increased harvesting productivity even after accounting for the geographical variations. Summary The variability in harvesting cost decreased with changing geographical scale from stand to continent, whereas the productivity variation was highest at the continent-level and least at the country-level. This study provides insights for forestry stakeholders and future research indicating that the variance structure and stand-level characteristics of harvesting cost and productivity should be considered for comparisons and decision-making in timber harvesting operations.
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40725-021-00156-5
       
 
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